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February 25, 1942 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1942-02-25

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................

Editorial
FDR Talk: Lacks
Tone Of Urgency . .

VOL. LI. No. 103 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 25, 1942 Z-323
e ' - - - . . s - - s . . , . . . . . - . . - a . .- . .. .. . . -. " ' s . . ." " "' '- ' . ' - a ' ' " ' ' " " ' "' "" ' Il' "" ' il10 " "w 1 11''ll11. 11Itl

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Two Tankers
Added To Toll
By Axis Subs;
TwelveKilled
U-Boat Torpedoes Destroy
American Oil Carriers
In Raids Off East Coast
Seaboard Shipping
Casualties Total 24
WEST PALM BEACH, Fla., Feb. 24.
-(P)--Enemy submarines, striking
with destructive force at American
shipping off the Atlantic Coast, have
torpedoed two tankers with an ap-
parent toll of 12 lives, the Navy re-
vealed today.
Seven men, including the captain,
were killed and four others were miss-
ing and presumed lost when the
8,103-ton tanker Cities Service Em-
pire, of New York, was hit. Twenty-
nine survivors from the flaming
wreckage of the vessel were brought
to shore at Fort Pierce. Seven of
them were burned- or otherwise in-
jured and they were admitted to
hospitals at undisclosed points.
Earlier, the Navy revealed here
that the American-owned 5,287-ton
Republic, of Houston, Texas, was tor-
pedoed off, the Atlantic Coast with
the loss of five lives. Twenty-eight
survivors were brought safely to
shore.
Eighteen Survivors
Eighteen survivors from the tanker
Pan Massachusetts were officially re-
ported safe at Jacksonville last Sat-
urday after an attack on their vessel
that cost 20 lives.
With these three torpedoings, the
Navy has officially announced 24
merchant ships attacked off the
United States coast since Axis U-
boats began their attacks on East
Cast shipping January 14. Of this
total, 14 were tankers, targets in the
apparent attempt of the enemy to
choke off water-borne United States
oil supplies.
Survivors told here today how two
torpedoes slammed into the Repub-
lic off the Atlantic Coast, apparent-
ly killing three men instantly in the
engine room.
They were Carter Ray Ebbs, third
assistant engineel' of Houston, Tex.,
Ernest R. Beverly, oiler, of New Or-
leans, and Jose Fernandez, a fire-
man, address unknown.
Two others, Herman Hilker, mess-
man of Houston, Tex., and Phil Dan-
cereaux of Thibodaux, La., were
missing and believed drowned.
Only Two Injured
'Only two survivors were injured
and they were not badly hurt. The
time of the torpedoing and the port
at which the crew landed were not
disclosed by the Navy. The Repub-
lic was a 392 foot vessel owned by the
Petroleum Navigation Company of
Houston, Tex.
Only one member of the crew,
Third Mate Charles A. Felder, 62, of
Houston, reported seeing the sub-
marine.
Grand Opera
Will Be Given
Play Group Will Present
'Cavalleria Rusticana'
The first grand opera to be pre-
sented by students on campus will
make up the fourth bill of Play Pro-
duction of the Department of Speech
when that group combines with the

School of Music to present Mascagni's
"Cavalleria Rusticana" Wednesday
through Saturday, March 4 through
7. Also on the bill will be Mozart's
one-act "The Impresario."
"The Impresario," which is a com-
edy sung in English, will open the
evening. It is in reality a play with
incidental song, although the music
takes more time than the singing.
Nine soloists from the School of Mu-
sic will take part in the evening's
program.
Prof. Thor Johnson of the School
of Music will direct about 50 mem-
bers of the University Symphony Or-
chestra in providing the music and
the chorus of "Cavalleria Rusticana"
(Rustic Chivalry) will be composed of
70 members of the University Choir
which has been trained in ensemble
singing by Prof. Hardin Van Deursen
of the School of Music. Mascagni's
opera is sung in Italian.
The program will be directed by
Prof. Valentine B. Windt of the
speech department and director of
Play Production. Settings are by
Robert Mellencamp of the same de-
partment, and costumes by Emma
Hirsch.

Proving That Leg Art Is Not Lost Art

-Photo by Bob Killins
Dick Rawdon, '44, young starlet of the 1942 Mimes, is shown dis-
playing her stage ability before Mary Lou Ewing, general chairman of
JGP's "No Questions Asked." Glamour girl Rawdon crashed tryouts
last week in an attempt to bag the leading part and if the girls hadn't
been so sharp that day, he might have gone more than half through his
song before discovery. "No Questions Asked" will open March 25 for an
audience of senior women, March 27 for the public and March 28 for
Fort Custer.
Returns Show Approval
OfSu-mmer Se-mester
1________U

By WILL SAPP
Preliminary tabulations of the Re-
gential questionnaire indicate that
there will be a large enrollment dur-
ing the long war-born summer sem-
ester, the War Board announced yes-
terday.
Spokesmen for the War Board said
that the prospective enrollment fig-
ure was "drawn from con lusions
with reference..to only the tlree out
of four students who returned the
questionnaires." i
War Board officials have until Fri-
day to present their final summer
calendar recommendations to the
Board of Regents, but by last night
they lacked questionnaires from ap-
proximately 25 per cent of the un-
derclassmen and even more from
students who probably do not plan
to return.
Questionnaires turned in to date
afford a basis for summer term
plans, but administrators of the var-
ious schools and colleges still need
complete information from those
who have not turned in forms in
order to complete the plans.
Urging all delinquent students to
What Price One-Way
Tieket To .Hollywood?
HOLLYWOOD, Feb. 24.-(-PI)-
Glamour girl Rita Hayworth of the
films filed suit late today to divorce
oilman Ed Judson. She charged
cruelty.
The shapely newcomer to movie
fame told newsmen:
"Due to the* fact that Mr. Judson's
business takes him to Texas and
Oklahoma so much of his time, and
my career is in Hollywood, we just
came to a parting of the way."

secure and fill out questionnaires im-
mediately, the War Board said yes-
terday:
. About 75 per cent of the stu-
dents who are not expected to grad-
uate in June have returned com-
pleted questionnaires. This is a very
good showing, but there is evidence
that those who have not complied
with the request. .. to return a ques-
tionnaire constitute a somewhat dif-
ferent group of students from those
who have turned in questionnaires.
This makes it difficult to apply per-
centages to figures representing the
entire student body. Instead it has
become necessary to draw conclus-
ions with reference to only the three
out of four students who did return
the forms."
Prof. Harlow J. Heneman, execu-
tive director of the War Board, asked
all students to take advantage of this
opportunity for participation in Uni-
versity policy formulation:
"This final plea is made to those
who have not filled out question-
naires to get them from counsellorsr
advisers, or from the office of the
school or cobege in which they are
enrolled."
Last minute returns will be tabu-
lated as they come in, the War Board
said, in an attempt to follow closely
student demands. The chosen calen-
dar will be presented to the Regents
at their February meeting Friday.
Unless complications occur the dates
and new regulations for the summer
term will be announced by the Re-
gents at the close of their meeting.
Yesterday's War Board statement
spoke of the "long" summer term.
This may mean that the University
will offer the regular eight-week
summer session in conjunction with
the full semester or divide the new
term into two eight-week blocks.

Planes, Ships
Hunt Pacific
ForJap Sub
Submarine Which Shelled
Coast Oil Field Sought;
FDR Discounts Attack
Results Of Goleta
Raid Are Negligible
WASHINGTON, Feb. 24. -()-
Planes and ships of America's armed
forces hunted the Pacific Coast to-
day for an enemy submarine which
chose the hour of President Roose-
velt's address to the nation to shell
a California oil plant in the war's
first attack on Continental United
States.
Twenty-five rounds of shells were
fired into the oil field and refinery
at Goleta, near Santa Barbara, last
night from the submarine's 5-inch
guns, the War Department reported,
but the aim was bad and little dam-
age resulted.
As the War Department announced
that air and surface craft of both
the Army and the Navy had started
an intensive search for the sub-
marine, official a Washington dis-
counted the importance of the at-
tack.
President Roosevelt told his press
conference that the incident was an
example of political warfare and that
the reaction might be the opposite of
what the enemy intended.
Sumner Welles, Acting Secretary of
State, called it a Japanese bluff timed
to coincide with the President's radio
address and added that "such stunts
are hardly likely to have any effect
on this country's war effort."
There is ltitle likelihood of any sus-
tained attack on the West Coast,
said Senator Downey (Dem.-Calif.),
who has predicted in the past that
the Pacific Coast undoubtedly would
be subjected to intermittent bombing
by enemy planes or shelling by enemy
shops. The attack, said Downey, was
"the sort of things we expect, and
we have got to be prepared to take
it."
Army Dimner
Will Feature
Tall By Codd
Vice-President Of A.O.A.
Will Be Guest Speaker
At Banquet Tomorrow
Lieut.-Col. L. A. Codd, executive
vice-president of the Army Ordnance
Association and editor-in-chief of
the magazine Army Ordnance will be
guest speaker when the University
student chapter of the Association
holds its annual banquet at 7 p.m.
tomorrow in the Union.
Marking, its first anniversary as an
affiliate of the national organization,
the local chapter was inducted into
the national Association a year ago,
when Brig.-Gen. G. M. Barnes of the
Ordnance Department, U. S. Army,
spoke here at the first banquet pro-
gram.I
Speaking on "Victory Through
Arms Production," Colonel Codd is
expected to reveal some of the pro-
gress recently made in American
arms production, and a number of
local and Detroit industrial men
have already signified their inten-
tions of being here to hear him.
As editor of Army Ordnance, Col-
onel Codd is chief of the only maga-

zine in the United States which is
devoted entirely to industrial pre-
paredness as the best means of pre-
serving peace. Published bi-monthly,
the magazine is supplemented by an
alternate-monthly circular.
All students in the basic and ad-
vanced corps ROTC are invited to
attend the banquet, as well as any
students in the College of Engineer-
ing who might be interested. Reser-
vations should be made through Ray
Gauthier, '42E, phone 2-4489, and
tickets may be purchased at the
main desk of the Union today and
tomorrow.
Von Papens Escape
Assassin's Attempt
ANKARA, Turkey, Feb. 24.--(m)-
A bomb thrown at Franz von Papen,
the German Ambassador, exploded
only 50 feet away from him on an
Ankara boulevard today, but both
the Ambassador and his wife escaped
with minor shock.
One man was blown to pieces and
an official announcement said he ap-

Defenders Raze Capital
While Military Supplies
Are Taken From City
Burmese Position
Termed 'Gloomy'
-BULLETINS-
CANBERRA, Wednesday, Feb.
25. -()- Japanese parachute
troops have landed near Koepang,
capital of Dutch Timorand a
strong naval force has been sight-
ed off Dili, capital of the Portu-
guese half of the island.
BANDOENG, Java, Feb. 24.-(P)
- Japanese bombers machine-
gunned automobiles in the streets
and fired oil drums in this army
headquarters area today as civil
and military leaders of the East
Indies declared the moment of mass
assault on Java was approaching.
MANDALAY, Burma, Feb. 24.-()
-Rangoon was semi-deserted to-
night, and the American Military
Mission in the city worked feverishly
to get out thousands of tons of war
supplies destined for China while the
British themselves were reported ap-
plying the torch to all unmovable
military stores.
Abandonment of the Burmese cap-
ital was under way as the Imperial
defenders withdrew to the west bank
of the Sittang River after the Japa-
nese stormed and captured the east-
ern end of a bridgehead across that
last natural barrier to Rangoon,
some 60 miles away.
With the fighting raging for 100
miles along the Sittang and drawing
ever closer to Rangoon, U. S. author-
ities supervised the loading of lend-
lease supplies in hundreds of trucks
heading northward from the port
city in a desperate race against time.
It was understood that some un-
assembled American trucks piled on
Rangoon docks would be destroyed
lest they fall in Japanese hands,
Only military units remained in
Rangoon, compulsory civilian evacu-
ation having been carried out on
Feb. 20.
As the battle for Rangoon sped to-
ward a climax, the British unified
the defense of Burma with that of
distant India under the command of
the British Commander in Chief for
India, General Sir Alan Fleming
Hartley.
London military commentators
called Rangoon's position "gloomy
but not hopeless."
An official announcement broad-
cast by the All-India radio said the
British inflicted enormous casualties
upon the Japanese who made re-
peated assaults before forcing the
defenders from the east side of the
Sittang.
FACULTY, COLLEGE OF
LITERATURE, SCIENCE AND
THE ARTS
At the request of the Executive
Committee and the chairmen of
departments, a special meeting of
the faculty will be held at 4:10
p.m. today in Room 1025, Angell
Hall.

German Army Smashed
In 10-Day Soviet Thrust;
British Leaving Rangoon

Blind Pianist
Will Present
Concert Here
* * *

ALEC TEMPLETON
* * *
The only artist ever invited to ap-
pear twice in the same season at
Philadelphia's Robin Hood Dell, Alec
Templeton, will give one of his inimi-
table programs in a special concert
of the University Music Society at
8:30 p.m. tomorrow in Hill Audi-
torium.
Templeton first appeared in the
United States in 1936. During his
1940 concert season he played twice
at Robin Hood Dell. More than 7,000,
persons heard his first concert, and
his second attracted .more .than:
13,000 breaking all Dell records.
Familiar to radio listeners as well
as concert-goers, the famous blind
British pianist is noted both for his
humorous performances and for his
serious interpretations of the great
composers.
The program tomorrow night will
include Fantasy in C major by Hen-
del; Prelude and Fugue in C-sharp
minor by Bach; Impromptu in F-
sharp major by Chopin; Prelude,
Chorale and Fugue by Franck; Se-
lections from Children's Suite by
Debussy, and a group of humorous
presentations by Templeton.
Boisterous Congress
Repeals Pension Bill
WASHINGTON, Feb. 24.-(A?)-In
mood first angry then boisterous, the
House rolled up a whopping 389 to 7
vote today for repeal of pensions for
Congressmen, making virtually cer-
tain that the law which had plagued
it for weeks soon would be wiped off
the statute books.
Actually, the vote was on a tech-
nical motion which will lead to re-
peal, but they considered that the
effect was the same and they eagerly
called out a loud "aye" when the
long-sought record vote-the first to
be taken in the House on the ques-
tion-began.

Three Divisions Shattered
By Encirclement Move;
Russians Seize Materiel
Triumph Located
BelowLeningrad
---BULLETIN -
VICHY, Feb. 24.-(MP)-The small
steamer Struma with 750 Jewish
refugees from Rumania and Bul-
garia aboard was blown to pieces
in the Black Sea about five miles
north of the Bosporus, apparently
by a stray mine, an Istanbul dis-
patch to the Vichy News 'Agency
said.
MOSCOW, Wednesday, Feb. 25.-
(R)-An entire German Army of
45,000 men has been shattered and
12,000 of the enemy killed in a
smashing, 10-day Red Army victory
below Leningrad, the Russians an-
nounced early today in a special
communique.
This Nazi army-the 16th-was
encircled in the vital Staraya Russa
district, 140 miles south of Leningrad
and 270 miles northwest of Moscow,
and suffered one of the most crush-
ing defeats yet inflicted upon Adolf
Hitler's legions.
So complete was the rout of the
Germans that they left behind vast
and still uncounted stores of booty.
Guns by the thousands, more than
BERLIN (From German Broad-
casts), Feb. 24.-(A)-Adolf Hitler
messaged Nazi Party veterans
celebrating the 22nd anniversary
of the party at Munich today that
"I cannot leave my headquarters
just at the moment when we are
approaching the end of that win-
ter on which our oponents pinned
all their hopes."
Hitler asserted that the Rus-
sian hope of smashing. the Ger-
man military machine "has col-
lapsed miserably."
1,000 motor vehicles, railroad rolling
stock, tanks, munitions and horses
by the hundreds fell into Soviet
hands.
Listed officially as smashed were
the 290th infantry division of the
Second German Army Corps, the
13th infantry division of the 10th
Army and a division of Hitler's
picked Blackshirt S. S. elite guards.
Besides the enormous losses in
men and material, the defeat cost
Hitler vital positions he needed to
protect his imperilled forces holding
the town of Staraya Russa itself,
keystone of all his positions on the
northwestern front.
The town lies some 12 miles south
of Lake Ilmen, and is a communica-
tions center on an east-west rail-
road connecting the main Moscow-
Leningrad line and another running
south from Leningrad farther west
and a third which skirts the west
shores of Ilman and is linked directly
to the long line to Murmansk.
Storm Causes
Sea Disaster
WASHINGTON, Feb. 24.-(')--One
of the worst sea disasters in United
States naval history-loss of a de-
stroyer, a supply ship, and 189 offi-
cers and men-was announced today
by the Navy Department in a tragic
account of death and destruction on
the gale-lashed coast of Newfound-
land.
Seldom have ships been battered
into wreckage by the deliberate action
of enemy guns more quickly than the
1,200-ton destroyer Truxtun and the
6,085-ton freighter Pollus were dashed
to pieces by wind and wave.

And even in these times of whole-
sale losses of men and ships on the
high seas all over the world, naval
veterans here were obviously deeply
saddened by the heroic but mostly
futile struggle put up by the men of
the Truxtun and Pollus after their
ships ran aground in the storm.

Quaker To Open Series:
Rufus Jones To Speak On War
Relief In SRA Lecture Today

Geologist Discusses Petroleum :
United States Has No Shortage
In Oil Supply, Leverson Says

An outstanding humanitarian and
war relief worker, Dr. Rufus Jones,
will deliver a lecture on "Construc-
tive Service across the World in War-
time" at 4:15 p.m. today in the Rack-
ham Lecture Hall.
Dr. Jones is the first speaker in a
series of lectures on religion in the
war and its role in the peace after
the war sponsored by the Student
Religious Association. At the present
time he is chairman of the Friends'
Service Committee which organized
the Civilian Public Service Camps for
conscientious objectors.
Dr. Jones has traveled extensively
in Europe and Asia and is immedi-
ately acquainted with conditions and
problems that must be met in war
relief work. In 1938 he was one of
the Quaker Commissioners who vis-
ited Germany and obtained permis-

By EUGENE MANDEBERG
Present known oil reserves in the
United States will last only two or
three years, Dr. A. I. Leverson, con-
sulting geologist from Tulsa, Okla.,
told a University lecture audience
yesterday, but if the present unex-
plored territories and liberal oil laws
are maintained, there is no immedi-
ate shortage of oil in sight.
Speaking on "Petroleum Reserves
and Discoveries," under the auspices
of the Depaitment of Geology, Dr.
Leverson estimated that the United
States has 820 billion barrels of oil
in known reserves. Of the country's
oil, 20 billion barrels have already
been consumed, and since oil leaves
no residue, there can be no "scrap"
redemption.
Dr. Leverson, who recently dis-
, covered a new oil field in Oklahoma,

immediate oil problem, Dr. Leverson
showed through slides that Texas
produces 56 percent of all this coun-
try's oil. This oil is shipped to re-
fineries in the north, along the At-
lantic seaboard. With the subma-
rine menace as great as it is, our
main problem may turn out to be
one of transportation rather than
actual supply.
Optimistic in his outlook on an oil
shortage in our generation in the
United States, Dr. Leverson ex-
plained that aside from fields where
oil is known to exist, there are four
methods of extending present oil
producing areas or discovering new
fields.
In addition to simply extending

'

--BULLETIN.--
ST. JOHN'S, Newfoundland,
Feb. 24.-P)-On a swaying bo-
sun's chair slung over a 200-foot
cliff. 2 43 ,me fromth n,iA

"Mo X)rTTinTTQ T!\1 TV0 i

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