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February 21, 1942 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1942-02-21

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- - -~

Weather
Continued Cola.

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Editorial
British Shake-Up
Should Be Extended ...

VOL. LM. No. 101 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 21, 1942 Z-323

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Fireside Chat
To Lay Stress
On War Effect
On All In U.S.
Stimson Declares Attacks
On Cities Are Possible;
U.S. Army Protection
Can Not Be Extended
New Expenditures
Are Authorized
WASHINGTON, Feb. 20. -()-
President Roosevelt's Monday night
radio speech is to give a picture of a
world at War, the White House said
today, and will endeavor to show the
effect of battles fought thousands of
miles away upon each little American
community.
In addition, said Stephen Early,
the President's secretary, "it will be
made very clear that the oceans on
each of our coast lines are no longer
the saviors or the protection of the
country they were said to be by some
not so long ago."
This statement followed assertions
by both the Chief Executive and
Secretary of War Stimson that at-
tacks ,on American cities and towns
were not unexpected. Stimson said
protection could not be given be-
cause the nation's forces must be
massed for the offensive, not scat-
tered and weakened.
Meanwhile, the War Production
Board published figures giving the
total of authorized war expenditures,
plus war funds requested of Con-
gress, as $145,000,000,000, a figure
only a little less than the total na-
tional income in the years 1939 and
1940.
At the same time, with a $32,070,-
901,900 Army-Navy appropriation
bill before it, a Senate appropriations
sub-committee heard Robert P. Pat-
terson, Undersecretary of War, testi-
fy on the actual progress of the arm-
ament program. Committeemen said
afterward that Patterson gave such
an encouraging report that it
"amazed" them.
"They've really gone to work on
the bottlenecks and they're moving
heaven and earth to turn out the
materials," said Senator Thomas
(Dem.-Okla.),
Bothered by a slight cold, Mr.
Roosevelt remained in his quarters at
the White House proper today.
Bishop Hob son
To Speak Here
Veteran To Offer Plans
For War Cooperation
A leader in the fight for united
democratic cooperation in the post-
war world, the Rt. Rev. Henry W.
Hobson will discuss "America At
War" before a Committee To Defend
America rally at 4:15 p.m. Monday in
Rackham Lecture Hall.
Bishop Hobson, head of the Dio-
cese of Southern Ohio, has served
America both in his church and on
the battlefields of St. Mihiel, Thia-
court, and the Meuse-Argonne. In
1918 he was awarded the Distin-
guished Service Cross for "extra-
ordinary heroism in action."
Past chairman of the national For-
ward Movement of the Episcopal
Church, Bishop Hobson has been a
powerful backer of a more unified
Christian religion. As part of his

Ohio "missionary" work, he intro-
duced the Wayside Cathedral, a
"church on wheels" for isolated
areas.
Bishop Hobson's record in this war
shows an unflagging support for the
Allies' cause and the principles of
internationalism. In recent months
he has contributed much time and
effort to this movement.
Bishop Robson will be the fourth
speaker in the CDA's 1941-42 series
which has already represented labor-
ite, economic, political, and scientific
views on the present struggle.
Physics Group
To Meet Today
Convening here after its opening
session in Detroit yesterday, the 247th
regular meeting of the American
Physical Society will hear six papers
and an infra-red ray symposium at
10 a.m. and 1:45 p.m. today in the
Rackham Amphitheatre.

Yale Favored In Vital
Swimming Meet Today

National Breaststroke Champ Jim Skinner.. . Mann Relies On Him
.4 * * *
By BUD HENDEL
Michigan and Yale, with the nation's sports spotlight thrown full
upon them, will hit the Sports Building Pool's waters together at 8 p.m.
today to wage war in the greatest dual swimming meet of a decade.
And Michigan's war drums are pounding out their battle message,
calling forth every ounce of Michigan effort to hurl back the foremost
threat to ever face the power-laden Maize and Blue aggregation.
For mighty Yale, possessors of the most indominatable season's
record of any team in the nation, with eight overwhelming triumphs
General admission tickets for tonight's swimming meet with
Yalel will go on sale at 6:30 p.m. in the Sports Building. Students
will be admitted for the reduced fee of 40 cents upon the presenta-
tion of an ideiltification card.
and a galaxy of records to its credit, will throw its full strength into the
fray in an attempt to unseat the Wolverines from the throne of the
swimming world.
Tonight, for the first time since 1938, a Michigan swimming team
will enter the water in the unfamiliar role of the underdog. The last
time was four years ago against Ohio State when the Buckeyes swamped
he Wolverines, an occasion dutifully recorded in the official archives to
mark the last dual meet defeat suffered by the Maize and Blue color-
bearers.
Since then the Wolverines have crushed opponent after opponent
(Continued on Page 3)
MihianScorf esUpset
WinOver Irish,'546

Pee-Wee Sub
Sinks Vessel
OffVirginia
46 Crew Members Saved
As Brazilian Freighter
Falls Victim To U-Boat
Captain Says 34
Shells Rake Ship
NORFOLK, Va., Feb. 20.-)P-
Shelled into a battered, flaming
wreck, the Brazilian freighter Olinda
was sunk off the Atlantic coast Wed-
nesday afternoon by an Axis sub-
marine described by the ship's crew
as "pocket size" and as being too
small to have crossed the Atlantic
Ocean without refueling.
The Fifth Naval District announ-
ced the sinking of the 4,080 ton ship
today after the 46 crew members
were landed here by a rescue vessel
which picked them up after 20 hours
afloat in two life boats.
Captain Jacob Benemond, one of
23 men aboard the Olinda who were
admitted to the U. S. Marine Hospital
at Norfolk for treatment for expos-
ure, said the submarine opened fire
on the Olinda at a distance of about
a mile and a half.
The captain said about 14 shells
were fired at the ship before the crew
abandoned the vessel, and that the
submersible then circled the Olinda
and fired about 20 more shells at the
ship. The captain said he thought'
the freighter also was torpedoed, but
he was not sure.
Suffering from wind-burned eyes
and swollen feet, the captain related
that the first shell hit the antenna,
making it impossible for the radio
operator to send calls for assistance.
The second shell hit the engine room
and the third hit the forecastle.
The engines were stopped when the
first shells struck the ship, and a
general alarm was sounded.
The crew quickly took to the life-
boats and the submarine, which had
approached to within a quarter of a
mile of the Olinda ordered the cap-
tain and the radio operator to come
aboard.
Germany May
Pay Post WTar
Debts In Labor
David Nichol Would Use
Great Productive Ability
For Rebuilding Eu rope
By HOMER SWANDER
Urging that Germany be allowed
to pay her post-war debts in the form
of labor to rebuild Europe, David
Nichol, former Daily news editor and
until irecently Berlin correspondent
of the Chicago Daily News, asserted
in an interview yesterday that while
the Germans will possess no money
or materials of sufficient value after
the war, they will still have some of
the world's finest scientists, techni-
cians and engineers.
"Every supply, every resource-the
whole economy of Europe-has been?
siphoned away to support the Nazi
army and the Nazi economy," Nich-
ol said. "A Hitler defeat will thus
remove the only value that now exists
on the continent-German promises-
to-pay and German-backed cur-
rency."

Utilize German Capacity
The well-known correspondent
pointed out that these promises-to-
pay must be made good if a complete
collapse of Europe is to be avoided.
"And the best way to do this," he
said, "is to utilize the proved German
capacity to produce. Why shouldn't
we make the repayments in terms of
labor?"
"We should take the medals and
the uniforms off the men in the Nazi
army and put them to work rebuild-
ing the Europe which they have torn
down. The supplies and materials,"
he added. "would necessarily have to
be provided by the Allies."~
He also explained that to make
such a plan workable, there would
have to be an immediate freezing of
the entire continental economy, in-
cluding a moratorium on debts. This
condition would have to be main-
tained until a complete solution had
been worked out.
No Written Peace
"The period of repayment," Nichol
emphasized, "should be merely an
armistice with no written peace. One
of the things which contributed to
the failure of last time was that the

Japanese

As Battle Opens In Bali;
Belin DefenseDesperate

Gosho,, Alleged Draft Dodger,
Faces Action By Grand Jury
* * * *

Lewis Gosho, a natural-born American citizel of Japanese par-
entage, who was arrested here by FBI agents as an alleged draft dodger,
is shown on the right, handcuffed to Richard Roenicke of Detroit, a
German-born engineer, who allegedly failed to register as an alien.
Gosho, as a conscientious objector, stated: "I cannot compromise with
my conscience."
* *; * *

Threaten Java

Former University Stude
Can Get Three To Fi
Thirty-three-year-old Lewis Gosho,
former University of Michigan stu-
dent, who was arrested by FBI agents
for failing to report for his Selective
Service physical examination last
June, yesterday issued a statement
from Detroit where he is being held
for federal grand jury action, facing
a three to five year prison sentence.
Stating that he is opposed to war
and therefore conscription, he said
that "to accept the conscription law
in entirety or in any part would give
my approval to conscription. To avail
myself of the provision made for con-
scientious ~bbjectors and to accept
placement in a Civilian Public Serv-
ice Camp under the Selective Service
Act would relieve me of the burden of
killing but I would be complying with
the conscription law and condoning
war. Conscription that prohibits a
man's right to determine for himself
on moral issues violates democracy.
I dislike thoroughly having to go to
prison but I cannot compromise with
my conscience.
"I cannot support war or conscrip-
tion, an instrument for war. I re-
gret, therefore, that I cannot comply

ent, NaturalBorn C
ve Year Prison Term

itizen,

with any part of the Selective Service
Act."
Gosho, whose full name is Yoshi-
Hide Lewis Gosho, is a natural-born
American citizen of Japanese parent-
age. He has .been active in Quaker
and Pacifist groups on campus. Since
he failed to report for his physical
examination he has repeatedly been
advised by the local draft board to
report, and was questioned by au-
thorities two days after Pearl Harbor.
Cinema League
Series Planned
Paul Robeson, noted Negro bari-
tone, will play the title role in Eu-
gene O'Neill's famous play "Emperor
Jones," to open the Art Cinema Lea-
gue's spring series at 6:30 p.m. and
8:30 p.m. Sunday in the Lydia Men-
delssohn Theatre.
"La Maternelle," famed French
film, will be the second of the series,
and will be shown on March 8.
Acclaimed as one of the greatest
of Soviet films, "The Thirteen," com-
ing on March 15, tells the story of a
small group of Red Army men, fight-
ing against overwhelming odds in the
desert.
Alfred Hitchcock, well known to
American audiences, will bring "The
Lady Vanishes," starring Margaret
Lockwood, Paul Lukas, and Michael
Redgrave, to conclude the series on
April 5. Tickets are on sale at Wahr's
and the League.

Enemy Landings Endanger
Australian - Dutch Frt
In ,Portuguese Timor
British Chances
Believed '50-50'
By WILLIAM SMITH WHITE
(Associated Press War Editor)
The fateful struggle appeared last
night to have begun for Java-the
last and strongest Dutch East Indies
island not yet violated, the only ma-
jor base remaining to the Allies in the
South Pacific save for menaced Aus-
tralia-for the invader had invested
Bali and stood across only a mile or
so of water from Java itself.
It appeared, too, that he had struck
at Portuguese-Dutch Timor, to the
east and lying to the northwest of
the Australian mainland, for Tokyo
claimed as much and the Netherlands
authorities were without information
from that distant strand.
On Bali, a hot, shining and aro-
matic little dot of sand and coral,
a kind of Shangri La to many and
one of the most unlikely arenas in all
the world for the opening of such a
grand test in martial history, the
Japanese enemy had won strong
beachheads.
Ashore his troops were being met
by stout Allied resistance and in the
air and upon and under the sur-
rounding seas Allied planes and war-
ships were inflicting heavy casual-
ties-but yet he continued to land.
In preliminary reports of the
running action the Supreme Allied
Command announced from General
Sir Archibald P. Wavell's headquar-
ters on Java that one or more enemy
cruisers had been heavily hit, two
direct hits had been scored on enemy
transports, an enemy cruiser and a,.
transport had been hit by lighter
bombs and eight near misses had
possibly knocked out of action an en-
emy destroyer.
Delaying Action
Still, as had often been the case, it
appeared that this was principally
another delaying action. Any hope
that Bali itself would long stand was
improbable, the Dutch Command
suggesting as much in announcing
that all on the island that could be
of value to the enemy already had
been destroyed.
To Australia, meanwhile, the men-
ace raised by the enemy's apparent
landing on Timor was no less real,
although less imminent, for it cast
the Japanese shadow within 400 miles
of Port Darwin, the Australian Naval
base which on Thursday had been
hard hit by Japanese bombers with
considerable loss to ships and Aus-
tralian planes aground.
In Lisbon, the Japanese minister
to Portugal announced following a
long conference with Prime Minister
Antonio de Oliveira Salazar that Jap-
anese troops would evacuate Timor
"after obtaining their objective" pro-
vided Portugal "maintains its neutral
attitude."
Parliament Meets
The Australian Parliament took
the extraordinary step of meeting in
utter secrecy to discuss the greatest
crisis to confront part of the British
Commonwealth of Nations since the
German aerial offensive on England
in 1940.
In the Burmese theatre, the Brit-
ish were desperately trying to hold
line along the western banks of the
Bilin River-a line whose fall would
drive the defenders back to the Sit-
tang River, the last natural defensive
area on the approaches to the Ran-
goon-Mandalay railway feeding the
Burma supply road to China.
The British Command reported a
long successionofeImperial counter-
attacks, and whether the Biln de-
fenses would fall seemed about a 50-
50 affair. The one favorable point
was that Allied air superiority re-

mained manifest.
On the Bataan Peninsula of Luzon
in the Philippines General Douglas
MacArthur's report, given in the U. S.
War Department's morning commun-
ique, told of positional fighting all
along the front and announced that
the Japanese were dropping incendi-
ary bombs behind the American lines.
Rail Traffic Is Held Up
By Wreck Near Ypsilanti

Alice Lloyd To Head
Deans Of Women
SAN FRANCISCO, Feb. 20.-()L--
The National Association of Deans
of Women today reelected Miss Alice
C. Lloyd of the University of Michi-
gan as president.
Miss Ruth Hier of Cleveland was
named secretary of the organization.

Michigan's Al Thomas nosed out Wolverine Capt. Al Piel and Notre
Dame's Jay Gibson in the 60-yard dash in the fast time of 6.4 last night.
The Detroit speedster finished just one step ahead of Piel who was
appearing in his first meet of the season.
By DICK SIMON
Michigan's super-charged track team continued to keep the Indian
sign on Notre Dame as it scored a stunning 58-46 upset victory over the
fighting Irish last night in Yost Field House.
For the 13th time in the 14 meetings of the two schools, th Wol-
verines, showing strength in every event, dominated the entire meet,
taking six firsts, tying for two others and setting new meet marks in the
440-yard and mile relay events.
Michigan's Frank McCarthy romped off with scoring honors by
piling up 14 points and made life miserable for his fellow Irishmen.
The Wolverine husky led the pack in the 65-yard high hurdles, out-
jumped the field in the broad jump and then upset the pre-meet dope by
tying Notre Dame's great high-jumper, Keith O'Rourke.
But it was the all-around balance of the mighty Wolverines which
ultimately brought victory. Five of Coach Ken Doherty's heretofore un-
heralded cindermen came through with much needed points and pushed
the Maize and Blue out in front. Jim Byerly took a third in the high
(Continued on Page 3)
Cagers1WillFace Iowa
(Special to The Daily)
IOWA CITY, Ia., Feb. 20.-Michigan's unpredictable basketball
team invades the Field House tomorrow night in an attempt to continue
its jinx over Iowa teams on the Hawkeye court, this time without Coach
Bennie Oosterbaan who was called to Tuscon, Ariz., by the illness of

Government Reluctance Causes
Delay In Housing At Willow Run

(This is the fourth in a series of ar-
ticles on Willow Run. It is based on
FACTS obtained from real estate com-
panies, health authorities and the
group of civic-minded local residents
which makes up the Ann Arbor Citi-
zens' Council. The conclusions reached
are the writer's own.)
By BOB MANTHO
Speed is the over-all consideration
down at Willow Run if the swarm of
laborers who are pouring into that
vital defense area to find work in the
huge bomber plant are to be con-
trolled and adequately housed-but
knotty complications are causing un-
necessary delay and the situation
threatens to get seriously out of hand
unless immediate action is taken.
Mainly to blame for the confusion
and doubt of responsible local heads
is the government's reluctance to step
in and take charge-to determine the
extent of the housing, to send pro-
fessional men who can efficiently ap-
praise all facilities and plan in ad-

None of this has been done.
The result of this waiting to see
what the government does before
making a move is an unwillingness on
the part of local department heads
to assume responsibility for the gi-
gantic task before them. Thus, they
have left themselves wide-open for
criticisms of short-sightedness, buck-
passing and general impotence.
The Ypsilanti Board of Commerce
is active in getting interest, aroused
for the project and has been from the
beginning-but it has met with apa-
thy from electoral officials who be-
lieve the matter is only "temporary."
Lots Investigated
The State Defense Council only re-
cently began to investigate the lots
which have reverted to the state be-
cause they were condemned as tax
delinquent. The State Planning
Board was reorganized a short time
ago and George Ross, executive sec-
retary, is scheduled for a trip to
Washington with 'recommendations.

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