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May 16, 1942 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1942-05-16

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Editorial
Rabble-Rouser Smith
On GOP Ticket..

VOL. LH. No. 172 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, MAY 16, 1942 Z-323

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Seven Reach.
Track Finals
As Ohio State
CinchesTitle
Thomas Paces Wolverine
Qualifiers; Slow Track,
Bad Weather Are Cause
Of VeryPoor Showing
Michigan Netters
Sweep Matches,
Special to The Daily
EVANSTON, Ill., May 15.-Seven
Michigan trackmen qualified in the
preliminary running of the Western
Conference track and field events
here today. The runners were hin-
dered by the bad weather and slow
times were recorded by many of the
empetitors.
Sprinter Al Thomas proved to
be the only Wolverine to qualify in
two events by running in the 100
yard dash and the 220 yard low
hurdles.
In the 120 yard hurdles the Varsity
placed Frank McCarthy and Jim By-
erle in the qualifying rounds. Frank
finished second in the first heat
while Jim finished second in the next
heat. Frank Lahey, the third Wol-
verine in the running, failed to qual-
Al Thomas carried the Michigan
colors in the 100 yard dash. He ran
a close second to David Trepanier of
Ohio State in the first heat. The
OSU man ran the event in :09.8.
Capt. Bud Pil and Chuck Donahey
failed to qualify, but Piel came
through later in the 220 yard dash.
In the 220 yard low hurdles Thom-
as placed in his second event by
winning the third heat in :24.1.
Chuck Pinney and Byerle, however,
didn't place.
Donahey and Piel were entered in
the 220 but the speedy captain was
the lone Wolverine to qualify. Bob
Ufer, sensational quarter miler,
wasn 't in the event because he ran
his specialty in the previous event
and had qualified.
Ufer's time in the 440 was slow in
comparison to his previous records.
He placed second to Capt. Ralph
Turn to Page 3, Col. 1
Michigan Netters
Sweep Matches
By BART JENKS
special to The Daily
COLUMBUS, Ohio, May 15.-Mich-
igan's tennis team, faced with the
necessity of winning every one of
their second round matches in
order to stand a chance of edging
out Northwestern's powerhouse, for
the Conference championship, came
through today to win three of them
before rain once again came down in
torrents forcing postponement of the
other three battles. In addition, the
The Michigan-Illinois baseball
game yesterday afternon was called
off because of rain. The two teams
will play a double-header today.
See story on page 3.
Wolverines came through to win cru-
cial first round matches in the one
and two doubles postponed Thurs-
day to end the day with 10 points, two
behind the Wildcats and one behind
Chicago, which, by losing five mat-
ches today ended its title chances.
Wayne Stille met up with Chica-
go's Bill Self, one of the most danger-
ous men in the Conference and just

when it seemed as if the Wolverine
Turn to Page 3, Col. 3
OPA To Make Life
'Hot' For 'Gas Hogs'
In Eastern States
WASHINGTON, May 15. -OP)-_
The Office of Price Administration
made things unpleasant for "gas
hogs" tonight by deciding to blazon
publicly the types of gasoline ration
cards issued to eastern motorists.
Price Administrator Leon Hender-
son quickly fell in line with Presi-
dent Roosevelt's opinion, voiced at
a press conference earlier in the day,
that extra-allotment gasoline cards
should be a matter of public record.
Henderson said an order would be
issued tomorrow reversing the con-
fidential status of gasoline rationing
records and authorizing local ration-
ing boards to "make available for
public inspection as soon as practi-

Huge Willow Run Plant
Reported In Operation

MosCOW Claims Germans Routed

In

Bloody

Three-Day Offensive;

Factory Is Expected To Ma
Of Planes Than All En
The Willow Runbomber plant is
now in operation; it was announced
last night by the Detroit Free Press.
Ten miles from Ann Arbor, this
largest airplane plant in the world
will produce, when working at capac-
ity, as many heavy bombers as all'
the factories of the entire Axis are
believed to be producing.
Henry Ford has turned his effi-
cient methods of production from
the peace-time pursuit of making
automobiles to the immediately im-
perative job of turning out vast fleets
of air ships of destruction.
Details of how long the plant had
been in operation, when the first
plane was produced and whether the
plane or planes had been built by
U.S. Ships Fit
By Nazi Planes
In Far North
Berlin Claimips American
Destroyer, Cruiser Sunk
In Arctic - Unconfirmed
BERLIN (from German Broad-
casts), May 15.-()-Germany de-
clared officially today that the Nazi
air force had sunk a United States
cruiser of the 9,100-ton Pensacola
class and an American destroyer yes-
terday in attacks on an American
squadron between the North Cape of
Norway and the Arctic island of
Spitsbergen.
Further, the Germans credited
their air force with sinking in the
Far North a 3,000-ton ice-breaker
and a 2,000-ton merchant ship, hit-
ting and setting on fire a freighter
of 10,000 tons, and sinking four ships
totaling 7,500 tons in a British south
coast harbor.
(There was no comment from
Washington on the claims, which
might havebeen broadcastdto draw
out information on the disposition
of the United States warships. How-
ever, the scene of the action as given
in the German reports was the first
hint that American Fleet units were
operating so far along the Allied
supply line to Murmansk and Arch-
angel.)
Quoting a German military source,
the German radio said the United
States ships were seen yesterday
morning by German reconnaissance
planes and the attack came at 5 p.m.
Despite a heavy anti-aircraft bar-
rage, the German radio said, the
bombers broke through and scored
several direct hits on the cruiser,
putting it in flames immediately.
Mexicans Urge
Whar On Axis
As AngerRises
MEXICO CITY, May 15.-UP)-A
deluge of demands that Mexico de-
clare war on the Axis arose in politi-
cal and labor quarters today as anger
mounted over the first torpedoing of
a Mexican ship in this war with the
loss of 14 lives.
Congressional leaders weighed the
grave issue at an informal meeting
but deferred action pending a reply
from Rome, Berlin and Tokyo to the
government's demand for "complete
satisfaction." That demand set next
Thursday as the deadline for a reply.
While the legistlators were meeting
a throng of National University stu-
dents stoned the German Club in the

heart of Mexico City. Several win-
dows were smashed before police dis-
persed the demonstrators.
Senate leader Leon Garcia, spokes-
man for President Manuel Avila Ca-
mancho in the Upper Chamber, urged
that an extraordinary session of Con-
gress be called to declare war on the
Axis.
Deputy Aurelio Pamanes Escobedo,
President of the Permanent Congres-
sional Commission, said however such
a session would not be summoned
until the Chief Executive and For-
eign Ministed Ezequiel Padilla have
had time to analyze Axis reaction to
the government's note.
The General Confederation of La-
bor, one of Mexico's three most pow-
erful workers' organizations, de-

nufacture Greater Number
emy Nations Combined

I

mass production technique were
closely-guarded secrets of the War
Department.
Even before being awarded a con-
tract by the War Department for
the Willow Run plant, Ford ordered
a crew to clear a space from a flat
wooded section he owned on Willow
Run on March 28, 1941. The crew
moved in with axes and saws, leav-
ing nothing but stumps in its wake.
A second crew removed the stumps.
The space to be used for a landing
field was then cleared, and finally,
on April 18, the first concrete to be
used in the building was poured.
On May 1, a railroad spur was con-
structed beside the plant site. On
the first flat cars, structural steel
pieces were brought in. And on Aug.
15 the bricklayers got to work.
Actual construction had begun.
Before the land where the huge
plant lies had hardly been cleared,
work on its foundation had begun
and by April 18, the first concrete to
be used in the building had been
poured.
Work on a railroad spur to the
plant was commenced early in May
of last year and structural steel
pieces had begun to arrive. By Aug-
ust 15, bricklayers were at work and
construction was under way.
Believed to be the largest in the
world, a mile-long production line
will be housed in the bomber plant.
This great room is a quarter of a
mile wide and covers a tremendous
acreage.
IFC Announces
Summer Plans
Council Reveals Rushing
Rules For Coming Term
The following regulations for rush-
ing during the summer term were
announced yesterday by John W.!
Fauver, '43, president of the FC:
Article 1. It shall be a punishable
offense for any fraternity or the
member of any fraternity to conduct
rushing, between the first and the
last days of the summer term in-
clusive, except as hereinafter pro-
vided; and any such offense shall be
punished as provided in Article 5.
Article 2. It is deemed to be a
punishable offense for any fraternity
or member thereof to rush a man
enrolled in the University who has
not completed at least one semester
therein.
Article 3. Those men not excluded
from rushing by Article 2 may only
be rushed outside of the fraternity
house. There shall be no rushing of
any kind conducted within the fra-
ternity house.
Article 4. The term "rushing" shall
be held to include all contact between
a fraternity man or men with a non-
fraternity man or men, which con-
tact is for the purpose of influencing
the non-fraternity man or men with
respect to the fraternity house or to
the members thereof.
Article 5. The Executive Commit-
tee of the Interfraternity Council
shall have jurisdiction over all
alleged offenses of any or all of
these articles, and the said Executive
Committee shall be empowered to
levy a fine against the offending
fraternity of not more than $50.00
nor less than $25.00 for each offense.

Ship Sunk Near Mississippi Delta

Large Cargo Vessel Is Hit
At Entrance Of River;
27 Crew Members Killed
Fifth Ship Is Lost
In Gulf Of Mexico
NEW ORLEANS, May 15-(A')-
One of the boldest attacks yet made
by Axis submarines along the United
States and gulf coasts-the destruc-
tion by torpedoes of a large cargo
vessel a short distance off the mouth
of the Mississippi River-was an-
nounced 'today by the Navy.
Twenty-seven of the 41 crew mem-
hers were killed in the explosion and
fire in the attack, one of the worst
marine tragedies in the history of
the Gulf of Mexico.
The remaining crew members were
critically or dangerously burned, with
a single exception.
On Shallow Bottom
The attack by the German U-boat,
which apparently was lying on the
shallow bottom waiting for the ship
to enter the river, occurred Tuesday
afternoon, May 12, about a mile and
a half from the river's mouth.
, While waiting to enter the river,
the ship was hit by three torpedoes
in rapid succession. Most of the
crew never reached the water. Sur-
vivors who got to the windward rail
jumped and were picked up in about
half an hour. Only seven bodies were
recovered and these were not imme-
diately identified.
The ship was the fifth attacked in
the Gulf of Mexico in less than a
week, and the fourth lost. One ship
was towed into port although badly
damaged. Three lives had been lost
in the previous attacks.
Damage Slight
In the morning of the torpedoing,
the Navy said, an explosion had
shaken the east jetty of the south-
west passage of the Mississippi's
mouth. Damage was slight and no:
menace to navigation was created.
The Navy said it had not determined
whether it was a stray torpedo, a
torpedo fired deliberately by an en-
emy sub, or some other cause.
All the suivivors except one re-
ported they never saw the submarine
which struck with its first torpedo at
3:05 p.m. Central War Time. One sur-
vivor reported sighting the periscope.
While the crew were taking stations
two more torpedoes struck swiftly
and the ship was out of control,
eventually sinking in 100 feet of
water.
Navy To Give Interview
To Students Of Japanese
Students taking the intensive
course in Japanese given by Prof.
Joseph Yamagiwa will be interviewed
on May 28 by the Naval Intelligence
for the Japanese language training
to be given by the Navy at the Uni-
versity of California starting June 15.
Contrary to previous announce-
ment, students who are accepted for
this training will receive $125 per
month during the training period as
Naval Agents. As Yeomen, Second
Class, on active duty, they will receive
$132.50 per month.

FDR Tells Of Increased Use .
Of U.S. Forces On All Fronts

Lend-Lease Assistance For U
Over Corresponding Pre
WeaponsMake Up Bu
4>
WASHINGTON, May 15. -(P)-
With lend-lease shipments increas-
ing every day, President Roosevelt
said today that American forces were
constantly going into battle in great-
er numbers and in more and more,
places.
To this, he added a statement, in
explanation of yesterday's order tak-
ing control of the nation's commer-
cial transport planes, that almost
anything that can fly-including
puddle jumpers and one and two
man planes-were useful to the gov-
ernment.
FDR Press Conference
The President talked about planes
and American fighting men at a press
conference, and simultaneously is-
sued his monthly report on lease-lend
totals, with the added oral comment
that aid to Russia was coming along
satisfactorily.
The report showed lend-lease as-
sistance to all United Nations during
April totalled $667,000,000 as com-
pared with $558,000,000 in March.
An accompanying graph showed a

United
evious
alk Of

Nations Shows Raise
Month; Fighting
All Shipments

British .Army
Escapes Jap
Burma Trap
Cross Border Into India
As Enemy Pushes Twin
Prong Deeper In China
NEW DELHI, India, May 15.-()-
Remnants of the British Army from
Burma straggled across the border
into India today while the Japanese
pushed westerdaw behind them and
simultaneously probed deeper into
China.
A military spokesman said the Brit-
ish, now estimated to number hardly
more than 5,000, had extricated
themselves from a dangerous salient
in the Chindwin Valley of northwest
Burma, escaping a Japanese attempt
to get between them and the Indian
frontier.
Equipment Destroyed
They had to destroy their heavy
equipment, since they could not move
it through the roadless wilderness
where the streams were newly flooded
by sudden rainstorms.
No land fighting has been report-
ed in that section of Burma since
Monday, and the spokesman said
there had not even been contact with
the Japanese for 24 hours.
Another small British-force which
had been left far behind in the port
town of Akyab to do demolition work
has been evacuated to India by sea.
Briuish bombers again attacked
Japanese barges on the Chindwin
River, and U.S. Army fliers from In-
dia bombed the Myitkyina airdrome
in north Burma yesterday for the
second day in a row, but the Japan-
ese were busily consolidating their
hold on Burma.
May Begin Assault
There was scant indication, how-
ever, that the end of the five-month'
battle of Burma would mark the be-
ginning of a long-expected assault
on India.
Despite roundabout Axis reports re-
layed by the Vichy radio that the
Japanese already were 68 miles inside
India on the way to Chittagong, dis-
patches from China and information
here indicated the belief that the
Japanese would concentrate in an
effort to smash the ill-equipped
armies of China.
(The German radio reported Fri-
day night that Japanese planes de-
stroyed 14 Allied craft on an air-
drome in Manipur state, on the In-
dian side of the Indo-Burman fron-
tier.)
Bulletin
ALLIED HEADQUIARTERS, Aus-

steadily climbing line for the total
figure in every month since the pro-1
gram began in March, 1941. Fort
military reasons, Mr. Roosevelt de-
clined to break the big total down by
countries.
Queried whether the figures repre-t
sented actual deliveries abroad, Mr.
Roosevelt said a pretty good propor-r
tion got there.t
"Since othe start of the program,"t
a formal White House statement
said, "the proportion of fighting wea-s
pons to food, drugs, raw materials
and other industrial materials hast
steadily increased. Today the major
part of the aid supplied is in the form
of finished munitions.E
Distribution By Experts
"The division of the guns, planes,
ships and industrial material between
our armed forces and industries andX
those of our Allies is made by mili-
tary, naval and industrial experts in
a manner aimed at putting the sup-
plies to their most effective use in1
fighting our common enemies.
The President declined to amplify 1
his statement that Americans were1
fighting more and more in more and
more places as the war advances. He
did, however, discuss the air line
transportation problem with the cor-
respondents.
In addition to saying that the gov-
ernment needs all the airplanes it can,
get, he intimated it was his opinion
that a proportion of the nation's airt
travel was unnecessary.
From New York
For example, he said, a dozen peo-
ple came from New York to see him
a few weeks ago on business that
was not connected with the war or
with the government. Seven of them
flew to Washington. There was no
ob)ection to that, he added, because
the planes were running and it was
the easiest thing to do.
If aircraft facilities had been cut
in half, however, they would have
been glad to come by train, he added.
He said the time had arrived when
all sorts of private travel by air
should be reduced. Asked whether
there was not a shortage of railway
day coaches, Mr. Roosevelt replied
that people could stand, and any-
way he foresaw no immediate prob-
lem in this connection. There would
not be so much vacation travel this
summer as in the past, he thought.
14 Day Delay
Given Draftees
Entering Army
WASHINGTON, May 15. -1IP)-
The Army, revising its system of in-
ducting men into military service,
provided today for an automatic 14-
day delay between acceptance of Se-
lective Service recruits and the start
of actual training.
In order to assure them time in
which to wind up their personal af-
fairs as civilians, selectees who have
passed examinations by Army physi-
cians will be shifted to a temporary
reserve status, and ordered to begin
their military duty two weeks later.
The War Department will pay for
meals, transportation and lodging in-
volved in actual travel by these men
back to home towns from Army in-
duction stations and reception cen-
ters, and for their return.
The arrangement will become ef-
fective June 15, or soon thereafter.
Officials said the present proced-
ure had been subject to some criti-
cism. Under it, Army centers are
directed to grant, upon requset, 10-
day furloughs to Selective Service re-
cruits immediately after their induc-
tion. Selective Service headquarters
said, however, that in some instances
requests had been denied, and in
other cases inductees were unable to

400 Nazi Tanks Destroyed
In Battle For Kharkov;-
Russians Still Advance
Stubborn Fighting
Goes On In Crimea
MOSCOW, Saturday, May 16.-(P)
-Red Army troops beating a bloody
path over the approaches to the great
Ukraine industrial city of Kharkov
have destroyed or damaged more
than 400 Nazi tanks in three days
and still are advancing on that key
to Germany's southern defenses, the
Russians announced officially early
today.
On the Kerch Peninsula the Soviet
midnight communique said Russian
troops defending that approach to
the Caucasus oil fields "continued
stubborn fighting."
"In the Kharkov direction our
troops carried out offensive battles
and are advancing," the communi-
que said. "Our troops destroyed 255
guns, damaged over 250 tanks, and
brought down 40 enemy planes."
No other significant changes oc-
curred on the long Russian front, but
in the Barents Sea the Russians re-
ported their airmen sank three en-
emy ships, including a transport.
Tanks Smash At Nazis
Marshal Semeon Timoshenko's
battle-hardened veterans, supported
by Russian-manned American and
British tanks and palnes were re-
ported smashing hard at the German
secondary lines before Kharkov.
The Russians said more than 250
tanks were damaged in yesterday's
fighting in addition to at least 150
knocked out in the previous two days.
A supplementary communique also
said that Red airmen destroyed or
damaged 100 more Nazi tanks Thurs-
day on "various sectors of the front"
-not making it clear whether these
were in addition to the Kharkov of-
fensive.
White Russian guerrillas operating
behind the Nazi lines were credited
with destruction of two railroad
bridges and derailment of two enemy
troop trains in which more than 600
Germans were killed.
Along a wide front (some British
commentators pictured it at 40 to 50
miles) Timoshenko's troops had
crossed the Donets River to the west
and village after village outlying the
great steel metropolis, said the offi-
cial army organ Red Star, was fall-
ing to his arms.
Capture New Positions
The Moscow radio announced that
among the newly captured positions
were heights of strategic importance
before Kharkov.
"Our troops are inflicting *blow
after blow on the enemy and making
successful advances," said this ante
nouncement. "The offensive spirit
of our troops is rising every minute.
The operation is developing into an
irresistible drive."
On the Leningrad front, where an-
other major Soviet offensive is under
way, the Russians reported 2,000
Germans killed and 23 enemy tanks
destroyed or captured.
German losses were described in
official Soviet accounts as enormous;
the roads leading from the broken
German first line into Kharkov were
littered with NaMi dead, smashed
tanks and cannon.
Some 400 miles to the south of
this great action-on the Kerch Pen-
insula in the Crimea-other Russian
forces were furiously fighting to hold
the positions to which they had fallen
back in their second forced retire-
ment in that area.
Of the front, the afternoon com-
munique of the Soviet Command said
merely that the most stubborn bat-
tling was continuing; of Kharkov it
announced:
Continue Offensive
"Soviet troops continued their of-
fensive operations."
(Reports from Axis sources indi,
cated that Timoshenko also had

thrown in a heavy attack along the
north coast of the Sea of Azov
against the German position at Pok-
rovsk, some 15 miles from Taganrog,
in an effort to cut the German wing
protecting the Kerch action while he
hurled the bulk of his might force
at Kharkov to the north.
(Reports to London indicated he
had broken the inner defenses of
Kharkov in at least two places. Some
diplomatic informants in London as-

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Six Men, Three Women Elected
As Body Of Student War Board

New members of the Student War
Board, supreme student governing
body during the emergency, were
elected yesterday by the Student
Affairs Committee.
Men chosen from 17 candidates
nominated by 50 outstanding stu-
dents on campus are William Daw-
son, '43, 'Ensian managing editor;
John Fauver, '43E, IFC president;
Robert Matthews, '43, Men's Judici-
ary head; Homer Swander, '43, man-
aging editor of The Daily; Charles
Notice
The Michiganensian staff re-
grets that because of wartime
transportation difficulties an un-
aoidable delay was caused in the

Thatcher, '43E, Daily associate edi-
tor and Donald West, '43E, Union
president.
Three women selected from the
same list are Virginia Morse, '43,
president of Panhellenic Association;
Nancy Filstrup, '43, head of Women's
Athletic Association and Charlotte
Thompson, '43, president of the
League.
The board was organized at the
end of March to mobilize the campus
in a united continuous support of the
war effort, to initiate, reject or ap-
prove ideas relative to that effort,
and to coordinate all wartime pro-
jects which arise from those ideas,"
according to Robert Wallace, '42, re-
tiring president.
No war program can be initiated
on campus without the approbation

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