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February 18, 1942 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1942-02-18

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Editorial
Singapore
Should Awaken U.S.

VOL. LIT. No. 98 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 18, 1942 Z-323

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Van Wagoner
Will Address
commission
On Highways
600 Engineers To Attend
28th Annual Meeting;
opens In Union Today
Prof. John Worley
T O pen Sessions
Two general sessions, a luncheon
and a smoker will mark the first 'day
of activity for the twenty-eighth an-
nual Michigan Highway Conference
scheduled to open for approximate-
ly 600 attending engineers at 9:45
a.m. today in the Ballroom of the
Union.
Last minute conflicts have made
necessary several changes on the pro-
gram, but Gov. Murray D. Van Wag-
oner and State Highway Commis-
sioner G. Donald Kennedy will pre-
sent the main addresses of the con-
ference as previously scheduled for
the banquet program tomorrow eve-
ning, it was disclosed yesterday.
Prof. Worley Will Preside
Shifted from a Thursday, session
to fill the vacancy left bx Prof. L.
M. Gram of the civil engineering de-
partment, Prof. John S. Worley of
the transportation engineering de-
partment will preside over the open-
ing session of the conference today.
Discussions planned for the fore-
noon meeting are "Post-War High-
way Program," by Charles M. Up-
ham, engineer-director of the Ameri-
can Road Builders' Association;
"Post-War Highway Program for
Michigan," led by L. B. Reid of the
State Highway Department, and
"The Public Work Reserve as Applied
to County Roads," by F. S. Benja-
min, director of the Federal Work
Reserve in Lansing.
Luncheon Is Scheduled
The morning session will be fol-
lowed by a luncheon in the ballroom
at 12:15 p.m., at which Dean Ivan
C. Crawford of 'the engineering col-
lege, will speak. Originally sched-
uled to speak at the luncheon, Uni-
versity President Alexade Ruth-
ven will be unable to appear.
Directed by Leroy C. Smith of the
Wayne County Road Commission, the
afternoon session today will get un-I
der way at 2:30 p.m. in the ballroom
with a symposium on "New Develop-
ments in the Field of Highway Con-
struction and Maintenance." Speak-
ing will be J. G. Schaub of the State
Highway Department; R. H. Steke-
tee of the Wayne County Road Com-
mission and W., W. McLaughlin of
the State Highway Department.
Other topics will be "Construction
of Black-Top Surfaces" by W. O.
Dow of the Emmet County Road
Commission; "Strengthening Old
Bridges" by G. M. Foster, Lansing
consulting engineer, and "Preventa-
tive Maintenance of Motorized
Equipment," by Clyde Mathis of Gen-
eral Motors Corp.
Smoker To Close Day's Program
Today's program will be concluded
with a smoker to be held at 8 p.m. in
the ballroom, at which Glenn C.
Richards, Detroit Civilian Defense
Director, will speak on "Civilian De-
fense in England." Herbert A. Ol-
son, director of the Michigan Muni-
cipal League, will preside.
Following a general session tomor-
row morning, the conference will be
divided into meetings for traffic offi-
cers, county highway men and state
highway men respectively, in the
afternoon.

The conference will close Friday
with the annual meeting of the
Michigan Association of Road Com-
missioners and Engineers.
Appropriations Bill
Totaling 32 Billions
Passed By House
WASHINGTON, Feb. 17.-(P)-A
$32,070,901,900 arms and Allied-aid
appropriations bill-a historic high
for spending--was passed swiftly and
unanimously by the House today with
the aim of smothering the Axis under
the weight of production unmatched
in the world.
Final passage came on rollcall vote
of 371 to 0 aftex' four hours of debate.
The gigantic omnibus measure,
carrying funds to finance a vast flow
of munitions and construction of
merchant ships at the rate of two a
day, would boost the total voted for
defense expenditures in 1941; 1942
and 1943 to the staggering sum of
$142,000,000,000.
The measure bundled up allot-

Noon Today Is Deadline
On War Questionnaire

University students have until
noon today to secure a copy of the
Regent's questionnaire, now being
distributed by the War Board to elicit
student opinion relative to revamping
the University academic program to
make way for a war-born summer
semester.
Filled in forms must be returned
to the individual who issued them by
noon tomorrow. All information will
be held in the strictest confidence.
According to War Board officials,
more than 500 forms were returned
last night. Executive Director Harlow
J. Heneman said that 7,000 forms are
expected by noon today and that the
total 12,000 will have to be in by
noon tomorrow.
Students must take the initiative
in securing these forms, by personally
visiting proper officials. Where to
go:
Literary College Freshmen and
Sophomores: the offices of your aca-
demic counsellor.
Literary College Juniors and Se-
niors: see your concentration adviser.
College of Engineering: Special as-
semblies today in 348 West Engine;
Sophomores, 1 p.m.; Juniors, 11 a.m.;
August and October, 1942, Seniors,
10 a.m.
Graduate School Classified Stu-
dents should call at office of depart-
ment, school, or college in which you
are working.
Graduate School Unclassified Stu-
dents: Room 1014, Rackham Build-
ing.
Daily Tryouts
Are Requested
To Meet Today
Sports, Editorial Staffs'
Routines, News Methods
Will Be Demonstrated
Second semester freshmen or soph-
omores interested in working on the
editorial or sports staff of The Michi-
gan Daily are urged to attend a try-
out meeting at 5 p.m. today in the
Daily's--offices onthesecond floor
of the Student Publications Building,
420 Maynard St.
At this time they will be acquainted
with the routine of work on the two'
staffs, and will have an opportunity
to witness the various procedures
which #o into the editing of a daily
newspaper.
The work of the tryout falls into
two divisions: actual story writing
and headline writing and proof read-
ing for one night each week. Each
tryout receives one or more "beats"
which he is expected to cover for
stories of either news or feature
value, and in addition he is expected
to be on night desk on the evening
of his choice to assist the night edi-
tor in putting out the paper.
Although membership in either of
these staffs requires considerable
time on the student's part, conscien-
tious work is rewarded with appoint-
ment to the position of salaried night
editor during the junior year. From
the juniors, in turn, are chosen the
senior editors.
'M' Selectees
May Be Aided
Senate President Reveals
Entertainment Plans
Plans for organized social aid to
Michigan's military men were re-
vealed yesterday by Student Senate
President Robert Krause, '43BAd,
after a weekend conference with
Michigan State's student government
leaders.
Krause, who intends to submit his

proposal to the Student Senate at its
Feb. 26 meeting, described a system
for housing, feeding and entertain-
ing University alumni servicemen
while in Ann Arbor.'
"We feel," Krause declared, "that
any ex-Michigan man in the Army
should be able to return here and
receive free room and board, movie
tickets and any other opportunities
for his entertainment."
In line with this policy, Krause
also announce'd further progress in
the Senate's "write-a-soldier" cam-
paign. He reported many requests
for copies of The Daily, Gargoyle
and other campus news sources from
students now in the armed forces.
Krause formulated this plan while
in East Lansing for a meeting with
Michigan State's Student Senate and
Student Defense Committee. A pro-

Students in All Other Schools and
Colleges: Call at the office of your
respective school or college.
The poll is being taken in orderI
that the University may make ade-
quate provisions for all students who
plan to enroll in the summer term
beginning in June. Information con-
cerning the economic status of the
students will aid the University in its
attempt to make financial aid avail-
able to those who need it in order to
take part in the accelerated program.
Asking for information from all
students "not merely a sampling,"
War Board spokesmen explained yes-
terday that incomplete returns may
mislead the administration in making
summer term plans.
Students' names appear on the in-
quiry forms, it was explained, only to
insure that returns have been made
by all students.
Joseph Szigeti,
Noted Violinist,
Will Play Here
* * *
Often called "the greatest of con-
temporary violinists," Joseph Szigeti,
will display his talents before a
Choral Union concert audience at
8:30 p.m. tomorrow in Hill Auditor-
ium.
The Hungarian violinist made his
American debut playing the Bee-
thoven Violin Concerto with the Phil-
adelphia Symphony Orchestra under
Leopold Stokowski in New YorkCitys
Carnegie Hall in 1925. Rated as one
of the best interpreters of this "con-
certo of all concertos," Szigeti played
it in 1927 for the Beethoven Centen-
ary Year in Germany and was also
the soloist at the Beethoven Cycle in
Brussels in 1939.
Tomorrow Szigeti will present Con-
certo in D minor by Tartini; Rondo
in D major by Schubert-Friedberg;
Sonata in A major by Franck; Slav-
onic Dance in G minor by Dvorak-
Kreisler; Study in Thirds by Scria-
bin-Szigeti; Snow by Lie-Szigeti; In-
termezzo from "Hary Janos" Suite by
Kodaly-Szigeti; Maidens in the Gar-
den by Mompou-Szigeti; and Russian
Dance (from "Petrushka") by Strav-
insky-Dushkin.
Gerald Burns Chosen
Daily Associate Editor
The appointment of Gerald E.
Burns, '42, of Detroit, as associate
editor of The Michigan Daily has
been announced by the Board in
Control of Student Publications.
Burns was a night editor during
his junior year, and this year he also
serves in the capacity of fiction edi-
tor of Perspectives, literary supple-
ment to The Daily.

League Group
Says Curfew
Still Is 12:30
Women's Governing Body
Will Not Rescind Action
Shortening Dating Time
Council Discounts
Petition Movement
Acting in the face of vigorous stu-
dent protests, the League Cuncil fin-
ally decided yesterday to let their
ruling of last Tuesday, which snipped
an hour from coeds' dating time,
stand pat.
Contrary to campus expectations,
the two and one-half hour meeting
was described as quiet and orderly
with apparent unanimity of opinion
as no vote on the measure was even
called.
The basis for the action seemed to
be a tacit decision by the self-gov-
erning body for University women not
to jeopardize its prestige by revers-
ing its formal action regardless of
the origin of the curfew plan.
Special News Release
In a specially-prepared and ap-
proved news release, the Council said:
". . . the Undergraduate Council of
the League decided yesterday to con-
tinue its stand on the hours measure,
making women's closing hours 12:30
a.m. Friday nights and discontinu-
ing senior 1:30 a.m. privileges Satur-
day nights."
the reason offered for the
measure was the desire 'to cooperate
in the present emergency.' That the
'seemingly insignificant hour' was
only a part of the defense program
of the League was also pointed out."
"The hours revision will become
effective this Friday with special
permission to be granted as usual
through the Office of the Dean of
Women. The closing hours for all-
campus dances will be determined by
the Committee on Student Affairs.
Protests To Continue
Yesterday's decree may put to an
end most of the protest movements.
But Bill Comstock, '42, son of former
Governor William A. Comstock and
present Detroit councilman, Scott
Smith, '41, and Bob Ha miton, Grad.,
said last night thattey had'definlte
ly decided to continue their position
for a repeal of the shortened cur-
few, which already has 400 signa-
tures submitted.
Council members alleged that pro-
test circulars which had been pre-
sented to them contained many fic-
titious names-ranging from Sadie
Hawkins to Phi Beta Kappa Joe.
William H. Weston
To Speak On Fungi
"Fungi and Fellow Men" will be the
subject of a University lecture to
be given at 4:15 p.m. today in the
Natural Science Auditorium by Dr.
William H. Weston, Jr., Professor of
Cryptogamic Botany at Harvard.
The Department of Botany, which
is sponsoring the lecture, has stressed
the fact that Dr. Weston's lecture will
be presented in non-technical lan-
gauge and that all students are in-
vited to attend.
COMMITTEE OF 1942
The Student Defense Committee
of 1942 will hold an important
business meeting at 7 p.m. today
in the Glee Club Room of the
Union. Al members are request-

Roosevelt

Detroit, New

York Open

Warns

Nation

To

Danger

Of

Gibson Explains War Situation
To Oratorica Series Audience

l

0>

-v
Hugh L. Gibson. ex-ambassador to
Belgium and Brazil, told a Hill Audi-
torium audience yesterday that "Eng-
land was saved by the fall of France."
Speaking under the auspices of the
Oratorical Association on "The In-
ternational Situation as Seen
Through the Eyes of an American
Observer," Gibson claimed further
British aid to a morally-decayed
French high-command would have
been wasted in a lost cause.
Gibson implied that Britain was
fortunate in escaping the consequen-
ces of losing even more men and ma-
terial in a delayed French collapse.
An American representative at
numerous international conferences,
Gibson amazed his audience with the
scope of his European sources. Cock-
ney cab drivers, old ladies, a West-
phalian archbishop, farmers, British
air pilots, German air pilots, diplo-
mats, and letter-writing acquain-
tances were cited by Gibson in docu-
menting his main points.
A Gibson Prediction
Momentarily lifting the future's
veil, Gibson predicted that the Ger-
man people would continue to sup-
port Hitler in the event of Nazi vic-
tory. A military defeat, however,
would see the Fuehrer's downfall, ac-
cording to Gibson's forecast.
The heroic spirit of the British
people presents a marked contrast to
the Germans' glum disheartenment,
Gibson declared. He described the
gloomy Berliner who must leave his
air shelter and go to work without
central heating, an open fire, and
ham and eggs for breakfast. Gibson
familiarized himself with war hard-
Art Association
To Open Show
Regional Arts, Handicraft
To Be Exhibited
As one of its most important ex-
hibitions which are designed espe-
cially to interest Michigan students,
the Ann Arbor Art Association will
formally open a display of regional
arts and crafts tomorrow in the
mezzanine exhibition galleries of the
Rackham Building.
However, this show, which will last
from Feb. 19 to March 4, is to be
preceded by an informal opening re-
ception for Association members at
7:30 p.m. today in the display rooms.
Included in it will be paintings by
Prof. Jean Paul Slusser of Ann Ar-
bor and Charles Culver of Detroit.
Crafts will be represented by the
work of two ceramists: Grover Cole
of Ann Arbor and Mary Chase Strat-
ton of Pewabic Pottery in Detroit.
In the pottery field, Cole is in-
structor in charge of clay modeling
and ceramics in the architecture col-
lege, while Mary Chase Stratton has
done important work in the field.

ships during the last war as a relief
worker with Herbert Hoover.
Hill Aditorium was transformed
into a "Hellzapoppin" as Gibson
turned the full play of his wit onto
the international situation. A grad-
uate of the Ecoles Libre des Sciences
Politiques in Paris, Gibson declaimed
in ordinary English, "sauerkraut"
German, cabman's Cockney, and the
cultured dialect of Eton's playing
fields.
Describes Bombings
In describing the results of Ger-
man bomb attacks on Britain, Gib-
son caught the spirit of English re-
sistance with his tale of the cab-
driver (he confessed a liking for
cab-drivers) whose sister underwent
a "bit of bother" after her head had
been blown off. Gibson has received
an honorary L.L.D. degree from Yale
University.
Students and townspeople alike
split their sides over Gibson's gibes
at the Nazi airmen who could not
find anyone to capture him. Gibson
received his M. A. and L.L.D. degrees
from Pomona College. '
Maroon's Poll
Indicts College
War Efforts'
Survey Of Student Editors
Discloses Undergraduate
PreparationInadequate
Indications that American colleges
and universities are making a dis-
astrous and inexcusable failure in
the attempt to prepare undergradu-
ates for life in the armed services.
were substantiated yesterday with
the publication of the University of
Chicago Daily Maroon telegraphic
poll.
The poll, which questioned 72
student editors (including the edi-
tor of The Michigan Daily), blunt-
ly pointed out "that the average
male undergraduate is badly pre-
pared for his inevitable life in the
armed forces of his country and
that American education institu-
tions are giving no evidence that
he will be any better prepared in
the near future."
Coming, as it does, at a time when
the majority of schools throughout
the nation are loudly boasting of
their contributions to the war effort,
the carefully conducted and exten-
sive survey is calculated to cause a
good deal of stir and unrest in offi-
cial circles.
Sharply indicted were so-called
"defense courses" and "physical con-
ditioning programs," all of which
were labeled mere "counter-irri-
tants," inadequate substitutes for
basic military training and in many
cases actual "mis-training."
On this count the U. S. Army also
came in for a large share of the
blame. The survey bared the almost
complete lack of cooperation between
the Army and educational institu-
tions. It pointed out that, "Most of
the new courses were organized with-
out Army supervision and by instruc-
tors who lacked first-hand acquain-
tance with the details of Army re-
quirements. Many of the courses
have been announced without hinting
at the physical requirements that
may disappoint a trainee after a year
of study."
Also overlooked by the majority of
(Continued on Page 2)
Churchill Asserts
Dash Of Nazi Fleet
Aids Allied Position
LONDON, Feb. 17.-()-Far from
being worsened, the British position

in the Atlantic has in fact been "def-
initely eased" by the dash of impor-
tant German fleet units through the
Dover Strait, Winston Churchill told
Parliament and the Allied world to-
day in the most reassuring message
of all the recent black weeks.

iombing
Japanese Airplanes Attack
Islands In Sunda Strait
In Offensive In Java
President Approves
Loan To Russians
-- BULLETIN -
WASHINGTON, Feb. 17.--(A)-
The Navy Department announced
tonight that the Brazilian steamer
Buarque had been torpedoed off
the Atlantic Coast.
Survivors were brought to Nor-
folk, Va.
No other information was made
public here and the Navy said addi-
tional information would be given
out by the Fifth Naval District at
Norfolk.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 17.--(P)--A
blunt warning came from President
Roosevelt today that an enemy at-
tack on New York or even Detroit

was perfectly feasible.
The Chief Executive made this
statement at a press conference,
which also produced word that the
delivery of lend lease supplies to Rus-
sia would be brought up to schedule
in the next fortnight.
Strategic Value Of Loan
And, when asked for comment on
the strategic value to the United
States of a proposed new $1,000,000,-
000 loan to Russia, he said it should
be considered in terms of dead Ger-
nans and smashed tanks.
Meanwhile, Chairman Walsh
(Dem.-Mass.) of the Senate Naval
Committee asserted the country must
give attention to the "almost de-
'enseless position of the Atlantic, Pa-
'ific and Gulf coasts. He feared, he
said, "the day may come when we
-will have to bring'back our navy from
the four corners of the earth simply
to protect our shores."
Inadequate Coat Defenses
Senator Johnson (Rep.-Calif.)
charged, too, that there was "no ade-
quate defense of the Pacific coast,"
and that "without that we're likely
to see in the near future another
Pearl Harbor."
The senators said these things in
the course of a discussion of a $163,-
794,819 deficiency appropriation bill
containing $100,000;000 for the Office
of Civilian Defense. It was passed
and sent back to the House for con-
sideration of amendments.
Japanese Planes
Attack Sumatra
(By The Associated Press)
The Japanese invader cast his air
arm yesterday to the very shores of
Java in his developing offensive upon
the last major Dutch stronghold and
upon Australian beyond, and the un-
easy interlude before the great show-
down appeared to be fast running
out.
With bomb and machine-gun fire,
enemy planes raided the small islands
in the Sunda Strait between Sum-
atra and Java-a strait only 27 miles
wide at some points-and while ma-
terial damage was slight there was
nao doubting the sinister portent of
the attack.
The Australians, no less than the
Dutch, were warned that the time
to win or die was now very near at
hand.
Japs At Java's Glates
"The enemy," said Charles O. Van
der Plas, a member of the Nether-
lands Indies Council, in a broadcast
to the island people, "is at the gates
of Javasand will soon storm these
gates."
Marshalling all that was Austral-
ia's, Prime Minister Curtin told his
countrymen:
"This means that every human be-
ing in Australia, whether or not he
or she likes it, is in the service of the
government. It also means that all
machinery, money, buildings and
plants, when required, may be di-
verted'to war purposes on direction of
the government.
Dutch Command Is Silent
The Dutch Command, urgently as-
sembling its inadequate strength,
said nothing in its communique of
yesterday of the position on Sum-
atra, where the Palembang oil fields-
had fallen and strong enemy foot-
holds had been gained in savage
fighting, except to report that Dutch

Ann Arbor Citizens' Council Plans
Housing For Bombing Plant Workers

(This is the first in a series of]
articles dealing with the severe prob- a satisfactory zoning system that1
lems that have come up at Willow would regulate the construction of
Run and the efforts of local authori- buildings and so stop the creation of
ties to combat them under the guid- shacks on the outskirts of communi-,
ance of the Ann Arbor citizens' Coun- ties with a population of less than
cil. The following information was 1,500.
obtained in an interview with Francis
O'Brien, a member of the Washtenaw (The law states that a zoning
County zoning dnd Planning com- authority in the township is limited
mittee.) only to those communities having a
By BOB MANTHO population of at least 1,500. There-
Willow Run-site of a war-time fore, people moving out of the larger
boom that bids to turn the sector ord i couldsteieg smaller
arond he huged Ford Bomber Plant rinntecould setlein thelmalle
artoundthe chdugestordy BoMrPlat-jcommunities of less than 1,500 popu-
n--is occupying the serious atten- lation and could not be compelled to
ganis ccuyin te srios aten iobserve standards of building con-
tion of the Ann Arbor Citizens' Coun-sere tandd
cil which has already placed before struction.)o
the state legislature a petition seek- (This made for the erection of
ing more power for county planning shacks and, when laborer were thrown
boards so that they can meet the out of work, the creation of a public
acute problem of housing at least welfare problem.)
600,000 workers. The Washtenaw County Board of
Formed in 1935 with the purpose of Supervisors earlier in the summer had
maing "our demceracv work better taken steps to eliminate this prac-

ance could still not be controlled
satisfactorily.
The problem before the Citizens'
Council was to secure an enabling
act from the state legislature which
would entitle the county board to
pass a building code and thus to
regulate the kinds of houses built.
This would enlarge the power of
the Board of Supervisors to a con-
trol of buildings and would eliminate
the legal restriction encountered by
a zoning ordinance.
Governor Van Wagoner was peti-
tioned by the Citizen's Council to
have a special session of the legisla-
ture consider providing the counties
with power to adopt and enforce
building codes as a part of their zon-
ing authority.
The senate body of the state legis-
lature amended the original zoning
act to include a building code. The
proposed amendment is now before

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