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May 12, 1942 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1942-05-12

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W hehr
Occasiona~l Showers, Warmer




Rtussia. Is The Enemy
After Axis Powers . .



Petain Dashes
Back To Vichy
As Martinique
imar Nears
United States Negotiations
For Control Of French
Caribbean Possessions
Proceed AtMartinique
Nazi Propaganda
VICHY, May 11. -(A')- Chief of
State Marshal Petain hurried back
toward Vichy tonight for reasons of
"imperious concern" as this capital
awaited developments in the United
States-Martinique negotiations, and
as the British-now called "the en-
emy" here-sought to extend their
foothold on the French island of
The aged Marshal and his wife
were expected tomorrow morning af-
ter cutting short their Riviera vaca-
tion because of undisclosed "events.,"
(Presumably Washington's action in
dealing directly with Admiral Geor-
ges Robert, French High Commis-
sioner in Martinique, for a new "ar-
rangement" about that French Car-
ibbean island, instead of with pro-
Axis Pierre Iaval, was one of the
"events" dictating Petain's return.)
Nine youthful members of Jacques
Doriot's Rightist, Collaborationist
Party paraded yesterday before the
American Embasy here, shouting
"Down with the United States; Long
live France."
Several hundred other Frenchmen
soon booed them off the scene, call-
ing them "pigs," and "traitors."
(The dispatch telling of this dem-
onstration was delayed a full day by
Vichy censorship.)
The announcement of Petain's re-
turn was the first public knowledge
of his absence. He and Laval, his
Chief of Government, have been in
telephone communication daily.
An authorized source said that
Laval was unable to make a decision
concernng' Martinique 'until he had
heard from Vichy's ambassador to
Washington, Gaston Henri-Haye.
(Henri-Haye conferred with Sec-
retary of State Hull on the "delicate
problem" today, but the results of the
meeting were not disclosed.)
(The German radio broadcast a
Vichy dispatch saying the United
States had demanded that French
warships in Martinique be demo-
bilized and that U.S. garrisons be
permitted on the Caribbean island.)
/iAmericans Continue
Islands Negotiations
WASHINGTON, May 1.-(')-Ne-
gotiations for an effective safeguard
against Axis use of French Caribbean
possessions continued tonight on
There was no official word, how-
ever, as to the reaction of Admiral
Georges Robert, French High Com-
missioner, to the American proposal
laid before him Saturday by an
American mission, and no official
disclosure as to details of the "ar-
rangement" sought by the United
Vichy's Ambassador, Gaston Hen-
ry-Haye, called at the State Depart-
ment shortly before noon, and, after
an hour's conversation with Secre-
tary of State Hull, told newspaper-
men he hoped the negotiations with
Admiral Robert would result in a sat-
isfactory solution.
He indicated he had come to dis-

cuss the situation with Hull, not to
deliver a formal protest from his gov-
ernment. He declined to comment on
the nature of the American proposal
and added:
"The less I say today, the better.
I am trying to avoid complication by;
refraining from commentaries which,
might interfere with adjustment of a
delicate problem."
Secretary Hull had no comment on1
the trend of his conversation with
Nazw Propaganda
Station Destroyed
(By The Associated Pressj
Saboteurs have wrecked Radio
Paris, the key broadcasting station
for Nazi propaganda in Occupied
France and the station is silent for
the first time since the Germans
marched into Earis nearly two years
ago, the London Daily Mail reported;
in a dispatch from the French Fron-
tier today.
"The giant masts and pylons at:
Bourges, 130 miles south of Paris.

I -.- - - - - I .-- -

'Nazis Begin Spring Offensive
With Push In Eastern Crimea


To Valuable


Towards Russia's
Fuel Deposits

MOSCOW, Tuesday, May 12.-(I)-
The first big Nazi spring thrust be-
gan yesterday in the Eastern Crimea
with a lunge toward Kerch, a key
peninsular point along the shortest
possible hop to the Soviet's Caucasian
oil riches, the Russians announced
at midnight.
"During May 11 in the Kerch Pen-
insula," the communique said, "our
troops waged stubborn battles against
the German Fascist troops who had
taken the offensive."
This departure from the custom-
ary "nothing to report" phrase indi-
cated the Germans had begun a large
scale movement toward the oil fields
so heavily prized by Adolf Hitler that

Nine Defeated
By Ypsi, 5-1,
In Wild Game
Loose fielding and ineffective hit-
ting by the Michigan nine gave Mich-
igan Normal a 5-1 victory over the
Michigan baseball team travels
to Detroit today to meet Wayne
University at the Northwestern
High School field. Don Smith will
be on the mound for the Wolver-
ines. The game will start at 4 p.m.
Wolverines before a handful of spec-
tktors at Ferry Field yesterday. It
was the lowest total of runs scored
by the Varsity in one game this year.
Coach Ray Fisher's crew didn't
look like a team that was a potential
Big Ten champion in its game against
the Hurons because its infield combi-
nation had more holes in it than a
sieve as they ran up a total of seven
misplays. Tommy Higgins, who
started the game at second, garnered
three errors while every other mem-
ber of the inner garden had at least
one muff against him.
While the Wolverines outhit their
neighbors from Ypsi nine to eight,
they failed to collect the safeties
when they counted and the result
Turn to Page 3, Col I
Gas Warfare
Will Hurt .Axis
LONDON, May 11.--P)-Compe-
tent military observers said tonight
the scales were heavily weighted in
favor of Britain and her Allies if
Germany tried to break the Russian
deadlock with poison gas in the face
of Winston Churchill's assurance
that the RAF would retaliate with
the same weapon against the Third
Britain, these experts said, has the
air power to launch a gas offensive
which would cripple communica-
tions, drive industrial workers from
factories and possibly strike a dam-
aging blow at German morale.
Dispersal of gas from planes flying
at 27,000 feet is "perfectly feasible,"
they added, and they pointed out
that within the last month, four-
motored RAF bombers have been able
to bomb targets on the German Bal-
tic Coast, in Czechoslovakia and in

he has expended uncounted thous-
ands of lives in previous efforts to
get them.
Thus, as many observers including
the Soviety military leaders, had ex-
pected, the Germans' main effort
appears to be direced at smashing
across the narrow Kerch Peninsula
not only to grab the rich fuel deposits
but also to be in a position to turn
the Allied middle eastern flank in
another oil kingdom, Iran.
The Crimea was the first sector of
the Russian front to shake off the
paralyzing winter which aided in
thwarting the Germans' drive toward
Moscow last November.
When I traveled through the Cau-
casus in mid-April the terrain al-
ready was hard and dry-ready again
to provide a footing for the Nazis'
mechanized might and the challeng-
ing iron monsters marshalled by the
But the Germans have had two det-
errents on the Crimea front-the fact
that the Russians are so firmly en-
trenched in the town of Kerch after
hurling the Nazis out of the area last
December, and the fact that the Rus-
sian defenders of Sevastopol have
put up such a heroic battle to hold
that important Soviet port at the
southwestern end of the island.
The Crimea front also was the
scene of a reported German intro-
duction of poison gas. That hap-
pened for the first time in the War
last Thursday, the official agency
Tass said.
Aviation Cadets
Will Be Sworn
Westfall Will Be Iicluded
Among New Inductees
Officers of the Army Air Forces'
traveling examination board will
swear in over 55 University students
in a public ceremony at 7:30 p.m.
tomorrow on the steps of Angell Hall.
The group of new inductees, "which
includes All-American Bob Westfall,
is the largest single group to be pro-
cured in the state since the beginning
of the war, according to Lieut. F. A.
Wilgus, recorder for the traveling
The public ceremony will precede
a mass meeting at 8 p.m. in the
Rackham Lecture Hall, which will be
addressed by Lieut.-Col. Joseph H.
Carr and Lieut. Rondel L. Cox, both
of Mitchell Field, N.Y. Carr and'
Cox will describe the Army's new
officer's procurement plan which per-
mits students to enlist in the Aira
Forces on a deferred service basis
The program will include new sound
movies on Aviation Cadet training.
The traveling examination board
will be at the Health Service today
through Thursday to examine can-'
didates for both immediate and de-
ferred service. Mental examinations
will be given at 9:30 a.m. and 12:30
p.m., and interviews on the enlisted"
reserve program will be held from 9
a.m. to 5 p.m., each day.
Senior students should call for
their commencement announce-
ments from 1:39 to 4:30 p.m. to-
day through Thursday in front of
Room 4, University Hall. Balance
on orders is due at this time.

Conn Breaks Mauler'
But Mauls Irate Father
PITTSBURGH, May 11.-()-
Heavyweight Billy Conn displayed
a broken left hand today and said
he got it last night in a fight with
his father-in-lawr, Jimmy Smith,
when what Billy thought was to
be a "love feast ended in blows.
The injury-to Conn's meal-
ticket mauler-blasted Pittsburgh
Billy's chance of meeting Heavy-
weight Champion Joe Louis in
their second title match, slated for
June 25.
Louis knocked out Conn in the
13th round of their fight last
June. A few days later, Conn,
braving the stormy objections of
Smith, married Smith's daughter,
Mary Louise, a former model. Billy
and Jimmy, a former major league
ball player, haven't had any kind
words for each other since.
Jap Shiploads
Believed Lost


On Coral


Epic Battle Piobably Took~
Heavy Toll As Australia
Is Warned Of Optimism
tralia, May 11.--(P)-The possibility
that Japanese invasion troops per-
ishec by the shipload in the Coral
Sea Battle was advanced today by
competent informants who empha-
sized that Allied announcements of
enemy losses thus far have made
little mention of damage to transport
units known to have been part of the
enemy force.
Conservative and still incomplete
reports of the epic battle have listed
only two Japanese transports or sup-
ply ships sunk and two more dam-
aged but these observers said that
when the full score is tabulated it
may include a greater number of
Japanese troop carriers.
The officially announced number
of Japanese ships sunk or badly dam-
aged in waters lrrtheast of Aus-
WASHINGTON, May 11.-(!_
Destruction of a Japanese destroy-
er and two cargo vessels by United
States submarines operating in the
western Pacific was announced to-
day by the Navy Department.
tralia in the last seven days stood at
21. A communique from General
MacArthur's headquarters early to-
day added two submarines sunk or
damaged to the previously announced
19, but these figured in an action
separate from the Coral Sea engage-
United States and Australian ships
and planes continued on the alert for
additional signs of the enemy al-
though there was no true indication
that he had reformed his forces for
another test of Allied fire and steel.
(The Nazi-controlled Paris radio
broadcast a report that powerful Jap-
anese naval forces had arrived in the
Coral Sea for resumption of the bat-
tle but confirmation was lacking.)
'Ensian Distribution
Begi1is sTomorrow;
To Last Till Friday
'ruckloads of the new 1942 Michi-
ganensian, featuring elaborate art
work in simple styles and covering
all campus activities, will roll into
town tonight for distribution start-
ing tomorrow at 7:45 a.m
Receipt holders may call for their
yearbooks at the Student Publica-
tions Building from 7:45 a.m. to 5:00
p.m. tomorrow, and the sale will last
till Friday or until all the books are
distributed. If the receipt has been
lost, 'Ensians can be received by pre-
senting an identification card.
Balance payments must be paid
immediately or the book will be for-
feited, because the supply is limited
and the demand is high.
A few 'Ensians will be on sale at
Wahr's, Ulrich's, Slaters and Fo-
lett's bookstores tomorrow at the re-
otlar urine
Canadian Minister
Asks Conscription
OTTAWA, May 11. - (P-- Prime
Minister Mackenzie King moved in
Parliament today to legalize con-
scription for overseas service, and in
protest P. J. A. Cardin resigned as
Minister of Public Works and Trans-

Jaws Of Burma's Death
Trap Still Grip Japanese;
Malta Halts Nazi Raiders

Egyptian Reinforcements
Help RAF Bag Record
Number Of Axis Planes
'Fiercest Barrage'
TakesHeavy Toll
VALLETA, Malta, May 11.-P)-
Aided by reinforcements flown in
from Egypt, the RAF joined ground
batteries in destroying or damaging
70 Axis aircraft over Malta since
Saturday midnight, a record bag,
British headquarters announced to-
Twenty-five raiders were knocked
down for sure, 20 more were listed as
probables and 25 were damaged.
In Sunday's fighting alone the is-
land's defenders accounted for 63
enemy craft-42 of them listed as
knocked down or probably destroyed
and 21 damaged. Fighters shot down
three more today and damaged four.
In the 48 hours ending Sunday
midnight 29 Axis bombers and fight-
ers were bagged, 27 probably de-
stroyed and 37 damaged-all this at
a cost of only three RAF fighters.
Two heavy raids were aimed at
Malta late today, the first by fighter-
escorted Italian bombers and the
second by Germans.
Heavy and light artillery threw up
one of the fiercest barrages ever wit-
nessed on this island-which is say-
ing a lot, for this most-bombed spot
on earth has produced some earth
shakers during more than 2,300 Axis
attacks since the war started.
The RAF, striking back with equal
and sometimes superior forces, clear-
ly dominated the weekend fighting
over the island.
One official said the island's pres-
ent strong defenses "make it simply
murder for the Axis airmen" to con-
tinue the assault. He expressed hope
this would force the Germans and
Italians to call off their long siege.
In Sunday's fighting the flaming
carcasses of Axis dive-bombers lit-
tered one airdrome.
Senaute Juntior
Four junior positions on next sem-
ester's Student Senate administra-
tive staff will be opened to eligible
students today when the senate in-
terviews prospective candidates at 7
p.m. today in the Union.
Since these positions will run into
next year, only students with present
sophomore standing are eligible for
the junior jobs and possible appoint-
anent as administrative director of
the senate.
The present senate organization
has placed a campus-elected group
of nine in a legislative position. Pro-
posals initiated by this body are
turned over to the administrative
.staff which is entrusted with the
function of carrying them out.
in addition to their duties of trans-
lating policy into action, junior mem-
bers of the administrative staff will
also be in charge of sophomore and
freshman tryouts for their positions,
At a later date a call will be issued
for sophomores and freshman inter-
ested in the administrative staff.
Each spring the junior staff is to be
selected from the sophomores and the
two senior officers from the junior

Objector Gray
Finds Arrest
Is Alternative
Twice objector to participation in
any form of military service, Harold
Studley Gray, Ann Arbor owner of
the Saline Valley Farms, was yester-
day ordered to register for selective
service or submit to arrest.
Gray, who once faced a death sen-
tence bymilitary court martial, but
later had it commuted to life, refused
to register in the draft for men aged
45-64, and sent Attorney General
Francis Biddle a statement of his
reasons for conscientiously objecting.
Planning to confer with his attor-
ney and federal officials tomorrow,
Gray faces the alternatives given him
by Assistant U.S. Attorney General
Kenneth D. Wilkins - compliance
with the selective service act or arrest
and almost undoubted conviction.
A graduate of Harvard and scion of
a prominent Detroit family, Gray was
first drafted when abroad in 1917.
When he returned he was sent to
Fort Custer where he was tried and
finally taken to Fort Leavenworth,
Kan. After the war he was par-
He has written a book about his
experiences entitled "Character Bad."
Naval Review
To Be Today
Cadets To Present Parade
Before Ruthven, Lovell
Parading before President Alex-
ander G. Ruthven, Dean A. H. Lovell,'
Capt. R. E. Cassidy, and members of
the University War Board, 200 cadets
of the Naval ROTC will march in
review at 7 p.m. today on Palmer
Led by the Unit's Drum and Bugle
Corps, the marchers will parade un-
der NROTC Lieut.-Comm. J. A. Mac-
tier, '44, ranking cadet officer. In
the first of what is to be a series of
annual ceremonies, Mrs. Ruthven
will present the colors to the com-
mander of the company chosen as
the color company for next year.
The company which is to receive
this honor has been chosen on the
basis of excellence in drill, attend-
ance, scholarship, proficiency in
sailing, use of small arms and load-
ing of the Unit's four-inch gun.
Members of the Advisory Commit-
tee of the Military and Naval Science
Departments, of which Dean Lovell
is chairman, will also take part in
the review.
Australia, Tuesday, May 12.--()-
Allied bombers struck two more
Japanese transports and straddled
a large tanker with explosives in
the islands above Australia yes-
terday after last week's repulse of
the enemy fleet in the Coral Sea,
General MacArthur's headquarters
announced today.
This brought to 23 and perhaps
24 the number of Japanese ships
sunk or damaged in about a week's
time by Allied naval-air operations
in the southwest Pacific.

Chinese Lines Hold Strong
Despite Reinforcements
Rushed In From South
Wavell Reorganizes
Indian Commands
CHUNGKING, China, May 11.-(P)
-Chinese lines of entrapment held
fast tonight around the remnants of
a Japanese column enveloped and
slaughtered on the Burma Road de-
spite the shock of reinforcements
rushed from Burma by the frustrated
invaders of Free China's back door.
Two hundred and fifty miles south
of this dramatic scene of Japanese
annihilation, another all but forgot-
ten Chinese army, by-passed in the
reckless and headlong Japanese dash
up through the Shan States, was of-
ficially reported to have smashed
three attacks by a fresh Japanese
column in.the Loilem sector near the
river Salween.
Japs Lose 4,500
In western Yunnan Province,
where the Burma Road begins its
tortuous ascent on Chinese soil, the
hapless Japanese column which is
reported to have lost 4,500 shock
troops in the Chefang trap, and
which has turned about to try and
reach safety, still was surrounded by
the Chinese, the High Command said.
General Lung Yun, Governor of
Yunnan Province, said in a state-
ment that the situation was develop-
ing in China's favor, but warnedof
the possibility the Japanese might;
attempt to drive on Kunming.
"If the Japanese risk suchean ad-
venture." he said, "they will encoun-
ter stout resistance from several hun-
dred thousand Chinese troops in
Yunnan who are firmly resolved to
drive the invader out."
Japanese reinforcements rushed up
from Burma were intercepted before
they could reach the Chinese cordon
and heavy fighting was in progress, a
communique added.
Result In Doubt
The result of this battle remained
in doubt. The Chinese, however, were
receiving air support from the Ameri-
can Volunteer Group, which shot
down two Japanese planes yesterday.
The High Command claimed a
clear-cut victory for the Chinese
force which, down on the Salween
front, dealt out more than 500 cas-
ualties to a Japanese column at-
tempting to advance last week from
Liolem to Kongkum on the Salween.
The Chinese stopped three Japa-
nese thrusts, one supported by tanks
and the final one bolstered by land
reinforcements and aircraft.
All this was in the east Burma
back country which the Japanese ap-
parently counted out of the war
when they sent their fast spearheads
dashing north to Lashio, Mandalay,
and the Burma Road.
Wavell Reorganizes
Indian Commands
NEW DELHI, India, May 11.-tP)-
Britain's commander in India, Gen.
eral Sir Archibald P. Wavell, was dis-
closed tonight to have reorganized
the three Indian military commands
into powerful and competent mobile
armies to meet ,land or sea attack
from the Japanese on eastern or
southern India.
With the Japanese still reported
marshalling a Bengal invasion fleet
at Rangoon, and with only the gal-
lant but exhausted force of Gen.
Harold Alexander standing between
the enemy and the northern gate to
India, Wavell upset the 100-year-old
Indian military policy by which the
strongest Imperial forces were held
on the northwest frontier.

Divorces Fighting Units
His primary purpose was, howevek,
to divorce the administrative func-
tions of the Army from the fighting
units so that the defense along the
coast and the eastern and northern
frontiers would become the sole funs-
tion of the fighting forces.
Three army commands were cre-
ated-Northeast, South and North-
west. The vast central area will be
administered under the central India
command, whose major function will
be to train new defense forces.
A fm tof He oiaA 1M*-4Un*%


Builds Future in A Laborator,:
Research Student Symbolizes
Spirit Of Modern, Unified China

At work 20 hours out of the 24 in
a fourth floor laboratory in the Na-
tural Science Building is one of the
men who will help to build China's
future, one of the men who sym-
bolizes China's new spirit.
Dr. Chang K. Tseng is that man,
and the story of what lie is doing
is somehow the story of modern
Granted a" Horace 1-. Rackham
Memorial post doctoral fellowship
for his work in botany, Dr. Tseng is
now carrying out a research program
which will help in the reconstruc-
tion fo his home country after the
war is over.
He is examining the sea-weeds of
the South China Sea to determine
possible developments of it for food
and medicinal purposes, hoping to
raise the standard of what America
would call a sub-marginal industry
to a point where it will assist the
great masses of Chinese neonle to

Calif., to Cambridge, Mass., and to
New York City's famed Botanical
Gardens in order to find the neces-
sary specimens for the completion
of his work.
Little worried by the various haz-
ards in the path of final accom-
plishment, Dr. Tseng continues to
work day and night in his laboratory,
cheerfully bearing his own small bur-
den in the making of a modern, fr(e
China, in the making of an equal in
the family of nations.
A revolutionary with Chiang Kai-N
Shek in 1927, he has always been in-
tensely interested in the political
movement which he happily declares
has completely unified China. An
avid student of everything that hap-
pens in his home country today, he
is firmly convinced that although
Chiang Kai-Shek is the heart and
soul of unified China, his loss or
desertion of the cause would not les-

Hershey, Draft Director, Says
Industry Must Replace Youth

DElTRO1r, May 11.-(P)-Man-
agement was told today by Maj.-Gen.
Lewis B. Hershey, National Selective
Service Director, to "begin now" the
replacement with older men and wo-
men of "priceless youth" needed for
combat service.
"Each day we must come to you
for a pound or more of flesh," he
declared before the Economic Club of
Detroit. "We may even get to the
place where practically every able-
bodied person must go. It won't be
June, 1942, but it may come,"

them" and predicted a critical labor
shortage might be reached by next
"In 1943, when things get tighter,"
he said, "people will not want to
see anyone sitting around and saying,
'I won't play.' The people themselves
will be demanding that everyone do
his part."
Manpower, he continued, must be
shifted, ,"intelligently, with a mini-
mum of disturbance."
"It will be cultivating very bad
habits." he added. "tro wait until+1h

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