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May 02, 1942 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1942-05-02

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' y

Cit r~r


British Demand
That Churchll Act ,.



Proposed Bill
Hits Industries
Now Earning
Large Profits
New . Corporation Taxes
Take $94 Of Every $100
Excess Income; Affects
All Gains Over $10,000
Measure Estimated
To Raise 2 Billion
-Police said tonight a plane, be-
lieved to be a United Airlines
Mainliner, crashed into the moun-
tainside just outside Salt Lake City
WASHINGTON, May 1. --4)P-A
new corporation tax program built
around a flat levy taking $94 out of
every $100 of excess profits-those
exceeding normal-and estimated to
raise $2,500,000,000 in additional rev-
enue was approved today by the
House Ways and Means Committee.
Reaching tentative agreements on
principal corporate taxes, the com-
mittee also decided to retain the
present 24 per cent tax on normal
porfits of corporations with net in-
come of more than $25,000 and
jumped the present 7 per cent surtax
to 16 per cent. This latter levy ap-
plies, in addition to the 24 per cent
tax, on normal profits exceeding $25,-
To Discuss Suggestions
Chairman Doughton (Dem.-Nev.)
announced that the committee would
discuss Monday suggestions that the
government return to corporations
after the war some part of the taxes
collected under wartime rates.
Randolph Paul, tax adviser to Sec-
retary Morgenthau, and Rep. Cooper
(Dem.-Tenn.) estimated that the
combined new program indicated it
might go as high as $2,604,700,000.
The 94 per cent tax, double existing
rates in many cases, was designed,
members said. both to raise new.rev-
enue and to control profits of cor-
porations enjoying lucrative war con-
For Profits Over $10,000
It applies to all profits a corpora-
tion may have in exress of $10,000

Nine Loses To Hoosiers-;
Thinclads To Face Illini

British Air Fleet Sweeps Channel

In Heaviest Raid


To Encounter Toughest Opponents Of Year
Meet Today With Strong Chicago Team

On Nazi Coast;

(Special to The Daily)
One error by the Michigan baseball
team cost them their opening game
against Indiana here today. The
Hoosiers downed Coach Ray Fisher's
crew, 6-4, for its firs defeat in the
Iry 'Pro' Boin was on the mound
for Michigan, but he lacked his usual
stuff. After Michigan had given him
a 4-0 lead. going into the fifth he
lost his touch momentarily and Indi-
ana loaded the bases. Then an error
by Bill Cartmill, who was playing
first in place of the injured Don Boor,
let a grounder get away from him
and three runs romped home. From
then on the Michigan boys couldn't
get back in the tilt.
Fisher gambled when e played
Cartmil at first instead of Art Berg-
ensen, who has been substituting~for
Boor, but the gamble didn't come out
right and it cost Michigan the game
This was the first time that the
"Wheel" had been on the first sack.
Three Wolverine hurlers tried to
stop the Hoosiers. Boim, Bill Cain
and Dick Savage were all on the
Turn to Page 3, Col. 3
Dr. Schuman,
Noted Scholar,
To Give Talk
Famous Political scientist
Will Lecture Tomorrow
On 'Road To Victory'
Interpreter of world affairs, Fred-
erick L. Schuman, professor of gov-
ernment at Williams College, will
speak at 8:15 p.m. tomorrow in Rack-
ham Auditorium under the auspices
of Hillel Foundation and the Michi-
gan Post-War Council.
Titling his lecture "The Road to
Victory," Dr. Schuman will present
his ideas, backed by years of study,
'n the methods of winning the war.
An accurate prophet of coming
events of world importaice, Dr.
Schuman is a specialist on world
governments. His amazing forecasts
include the prophecy of this war as
long ago as 1933.
Trips to Europe for first hand ob-
servation as well as study there give
a high degree of accuracy to Dr. Schu-
man's information. He has studied
government in England, France, Rus-
sia, Germany and most of the other
continental countries.
In Germany at the time of the
Nazi victory over the von Papen, Dr.
Schuman saw Hitler's accession to
cower. He also witnessed the in-
auguration of the .Soviet "Five Year
Dr. Schuman, interested in post-
war reconstruction, is familiar with
the workings of the League of Na-
tions and is connected with the inter-
Democracy Federal Union work.
Teaching now at Williams College,
Dr. Schuman took his doctorate at
the University of Chicago. He taught
there until 1936.
Holding the Woodrow Wilson Pro-
fessorship of Government, Dr. Schu-
man's books and studies of govern-
ment have brought wide acclaim to"
him. His latest book is "A Primer of

Michigan's powerhouse track squad
begins its quest of the 1942 Confer-
ence crown this afternoon at Ferry
Field against a star-laden Illinois
crew in the opening meet of the cur-
rent outdoor season. The first event
starts at 2 p.m.
This twenty-fifth meeting between
the two schools is dedicated to Dr.
George A. May, a member of the
University's physical education staff
since 1901 and official starter at
virtually every meet here since then.
Dr. May reached the University re-
tirement age of 70 this summer, and
the tribute is in honor of his 41 years
of uninterrupted service.
The Maize and Blue trackmen are
Turn to Page 3, Col. 1
Tough Match Enisaged
For Tennis Team Today
Primed for their toughest match of
the year, the Varsity netmen this
afternon face a powerful Chicago
team on the new Har-Tru courts at
Ferry Field.
Looked at from any standpoint the
match this afternoon should be one
of the top Michigan sports attrac-
tions of the spring season. Michi-
gan has lost only one match this
season and then to one of the most
powerful squads in Notre Dame his-
tory. Chicago boasts an even better
record with no loss to mar its slate.
Included among the teams beaten
by the Maroons this season are Wis-
consin, Iowa, and Northwestern's
strong outfit.
Nor does the match record present
a false idea of the Chicago squad for
they will have what no team to face
Turn to Page 3, Col. 2
Three Schools
Get $30,000
Kellogg Grant
Medical, Dental, Health
Students To Accelerate
Programs With Funds
A $30,000 grant to the University
from the W. K. Kellogg Foundation
will provide financial aid for stu-
dents taking wartime accelerated
programs in the medical, dental and
public health schools, President Alex-
ander G. Ruthven announced yes-
Three separate funds of $10,000
have been offered to the Medical
School, the School of Dentistry and
the School of Public Health, Presi-
dent Ruthven said. Each school will
decide whether the money is to be
used in revolving loan funds or in
outright scholarships to sbidents
who are financially unable to under-
take year-round study.
The Kellogg Grant, according to
President Ruthven, was made at the
present time to aid students until
some form of federal aid is made
available. ThPe Wartime Commission
of the United States Office of Edu-
cation is working on a plan of fiman-
cial assistance to students preparing
for fields in which there are critical
shortages of personnel.
Year-round study would have been
impossible for many medical, dental,
and public health students, President

Axis Heads Ponder Future Moves

1. Nin'ety-five per cent of its aver-
age net earnings in the period 1936-
39, inclusive, or
2. A return of 8 per cent on the
first $5,000,000 of invested capital; 7
per cent on the second $5,000,000; 6
per cent on the next $190,000,000 and
5 per cent above $200,000,000.
Schools Urged
To Stay Open
New War Plan Proposes
No HighSchool Recess
Year-around operation of America's
25,467 high schools--elimnating sum -
mer vacations-in a plan for full
mobilization of education behind the
war effort was urged today by the
U.S. Office of Education's war-time
commission. Among the courses pro-
posed for the summer was "aviation
A wide range of activity was rec-
ommended for "all types" of schools,
meanings that thousands of elemen-
tary schools might also remain open
during the summer, along with high
schools-not for ins trurction of pupil:
but to render special1community serv-
"To America's schools,' the com-
mission said, "this summer comes
not as a time for vacation but as an
opportunity for pointing up their
services toward certain basic objec-
tives highlighted by the war needs of
the armed forces and of war produc-
"Every school system should con-
sider how its personnel, plant and
equipment may be used during the
coming summer to contribute to war
services and to provide war service
training courses-
Fresh Air Camp
Drive Nets $1,384
Yesterday's Tag Day for the Uni-
versity Fresh Air Camp netted a to-
tal of $1384.62, including contribu-
tions received from campus collec-

Rigid Discipline At Home,
Aid For Russian Front
is Planned By Dictators
Jap A mbassador
Misses War Paley
BERN, Switzerland May 1.-(P)-
Adolph Hitler and Benito Mussolini
were reported tonight to have dwelt
in the main during two days of con-
ference at Salzburg on measures for
increasing the number of effective
Axis troops in the Russian front and
on rigid enforcement of home dis-
cipline both in Germany and Italy.
They also were believed by com-
petent diplomatic analysts to have
given up any hope of negotiating a
peace this spring, after three weeks
of unofficial overtures.
Axis communiques today disclosed
the bare facts of the dictators' elev-
enth meeting Wednesday and Thurs-
day, and Axis commentators said, as
usual, that it was a preface to "great
political and military events" early
this summer,
Japs Not Present
Contrary to expectations, the Jap-
anese ambassador to Berlin, Lieut.-
Gen. Hiroshi Oshima, was not on
hand, and it was noted that official
German accounts of the meeting
spoke of "the uniform war plan of
the Axis and beyond that of the Tri-
Partite Pact powers," and of the "hard
determination of Germany and Italy
and their allies to render final vic-
tory secure"-(as though Japan was
a separate entity in the totalitarian
The German radio broadcast to-
night an interview in which Oshima
said at Munich-only a short hop
from Salzburg-that "Germany and
Japan, although spacially separated,
are waging common war in the clos-
est unity and for the same great aim;
in the two spheres established by
them they will be working and sup-
plementing one another most hap-
Oslima At Munich
This broadcast said Oshima was
at Munich for the opening of the
German-Japanese Society and made
no mention of any meeting with
It was believed however, that Osh-
ima might meet Hitler and Mussolini
in the near future for a detailed dis-
cussion of Axis war efforts. Foreign
military observers here thought this
would involve an effort to get Japan
into the war against Russia by sum-
Law Limiting
All CityRents
AId Students
An Office of Price Administration
order placing a ceiling on all rents
in the Ann Arbor area, yesterday, was
seen to be a great aid to the thous-
ands of University students living in
rooming houses, cooperatives, fra-
ternities and sororities.
The order placed all owners who
rent rooming houses, apartments and
homes in Ann Arbor and the rest of
Wastnaw county on an honor sys-
tem from now until about July 1 to
maintain rents at prices not higher
than they were on April 1, 1941
Fines For Violations
Anyone violating this ruling after
July 1 will ultimately suffer at least
a suit for triple damages and at the
most a $5,000 fine or a year in a fed-
eral prison or both.
This legislation insures many stu
dents against paying increased rents
which were anticipated as a result
of the great influx of defense workers
into this area. It not only controls
rents of student rooming houses but
a so protects fraternities, sororities
and cooperatives from increased

housing costs.
Ann Arbor comes under this OPA
ruling since it was recently classified
as a defense rental area. Under this
rent control order the OPA does not
"move into" a defense rental area
such as this until 60 days after maxi-
mum rents have been fixed, This
gives landlords an opportunity to
show that they are not going to prac-
tice profiteering.
Check To Be Made

Samuel D. Estep, '43L, of Emporia,
Kansas, was named editor-in-chief
of the Michigan Law Review yester-
day for the year 1942-43.
Junior law students appointed to
associate editor positions by the fac-

ulty are: Lee B. Brody, Detroit; Wil-
liam H. Buchanan, Jr., Ann Arbor;
Neil McKay, East Tawas, and H.
Marshall Peter of Bethesda, Md.
Other editors to work on the all-
Allied Airmen
Bomb Planes
In Soith Seas
Jap New Guinea Attacked,
Airdrome Left Burning;
PhilippinesStruck Again
tralia, May 1.--(/P)-Allied airmen
swept down on an enemy airdrome at
Lae in New Guinea yesterday, bombed
and machine-gunned 30 planes lined
up on the ground in a surprise attack
and roared off after starting numer-
ous large fires, a communique an-
nounced today,
In another raid on Salamua, 20
miles to the south, other Allied
bombers shot down three Japanese
defending planes, and then unloaded
their explosives on ground installa-
Allied losses were described as
slight in the communique from Gen.
Douglas MacArthur's headquarters.
It mentioned no opposition by the
Japanese at Lac, indicating the raid-
ers found the Japanese unprepared,
despite almost daily Allied raids on
the area.
Eight Japanese bombers raided
Horn Island off Cape York at the
northeast tip of Australia with lit-
tle damage, while another Japanese
formation raided Tulagi in the Solo-
mon Island "without effect," the
communique said.

junior staff are: Joseph R. Brook-
shire, Joplin, Mo.; James E. Dunlap,
Ann Arbor; Edward P. Dwyer, Jr.,
Joplin, Mo.; Paul J. Kellar, Grosse
Pointe; James L. McCrystal, San-
dusky, O.; John Potter, Toledo, O.;
Andrew J. Sawyer, Jr., Ann Arbor;
Milton D. Soloman, Brooklyn, N. Y.,
and Robert Walsh of Hartsdale,
N, Y.
Since the law school will be in ses-
sion for a full four-month term dur-
ing the summer and since a summer
Law Review will be published, the
I new officers will assume their duties
much earlier than usual.
Editorship of the Michigan Law Re-
view, professional publication, most
of whose subscribers are practicing
attorneys, is considered one of the
highest honors which a law student
can receive. Half of the publication
is devoted to articles by noted law-
yers throughout the country and the
remainder is devoted to writings by
student editors.
Retiring editor-in-chief is David
G. Laing, '42L, of Dowagiac, Mich.
Campus To Vote
For Six Union
Candidates for the six vice-presi-
dential posts of the Union to be filled
at the all-campus elections May 8°
have been chosen by a committee ap-
pointed by the Board of Directors of
the Union.
Additional nominations may be.
made by presenting petitions signed
by students in the candidate's school
or college at the student offices of
the Union before 9 a.m. Tuesday.
Juniors representing the School of
Literature, Science and the Arts, are
Robert Templin, Carl Riggs, Fred
Ginsberg, Edward Tann and Andrew
Candidates from the School of
Dentistry, also juniors, are Howard
Stafford,' John Golden and Harry
The committee has appointed
George Brooks, Joseph Warzniak and
Harvey Sparks, all juniors, to repre-
sent the School of Medicine, while
juniors in the Law School who will
run in the May 8 elections are Clar-
ence Sahlin, Richard Wade and For-
rest Hainline.
Students in the College of Engi-
neering and the School of Archi-
tecture will vote together in electing
a candidate from Richard Schole,
'43E, William Schoedinger, '43E,
Bruce Renaud, '43E, and Stewart Gil-
dart, '43A.
One candidate will be elected by
the School of Business Administra-
tion and the School of Forestry from
LaMont G. Engle, '43F&C, James
Snodgrass, '43F&C, John Murray,
'43BAd, and Ralph G. Stawert,
Members of the Board in Control
of Student Publications and other
groups will also be elected May 8.

Samuel Estlep Is Named Editor
Of Next Year's Law Review
Faculty Appoints Brody, Buchanan, McKay, Peter
To Associate Posts; Summer 'Review' Planned

RAF Loses Eight Planes
During Attack Following
Nazi NeutralDispatches
Factory In Occupied
BelgiumBlown Up
LONDON, May L.-(P)-Hundreds
of British planes swung across the
Channel at late twilight today in
what coast observers called one of
the war's greatest single thrusts
against the Nazi-held continental
Resumption of the massive British
attacks followed a weather-enforced
overnight break in the nine-day-old,
round-the-clock offensive and came
on the heels of neutral dispatches
from Germany which some London
quarters interpreted as hints that
the Nazis were more than willing to
call off their aerial duel with Britain
now, but which brought only an ex-
pression of scorn from an authori-
tative source here.
Raiders Fill Sky
The grey cliffs of northern France
were clearly visibl6 to watchers on
this side as the late day raiders, fly-
ing at altitudes between 20,000 and
30,000 feet, filled the sky between
Calais and Dungeness, Kent.
The Air Ministry said eight British
fighters were missing in the day's
operations and that one German
plane was destroyed.
The late afternoon attacks, carried
out by fighter - escorted Boston
(Douglas) bombers and bomb-carry-
ing Hurricanes, were made on the
station and railway yards at St.
Omer, Calais, and other targets.
Commenting on the reported Nazi
willingness to call quits in the aerial
war, one informant gave this British
"We are going after those blighters
wherever they are and at every
chance we get, and that is final."
Dislike Bombing Duel
He referred specifically to a Berlin
dispatch to the Swiss Journal de Gen-
,ve as reprinted by the London Daily
Mail. It said:
"It is semi-officially stated here
that Germany will call off the bomb-
ng of English towns if the RAF will
,hange its methods of bombing Ger-
man cities. The present bombing
duel is highly unpopular with the
German people."
As to the so-called "Guide Book
Blitz" by the Nazis-that directed
it the historic points of England-
Home Secretary Herbert Morrison is-
sued a challenge in the Shakespear-
man spirit of "Lay on MacDuff and
damned be him that first cries, hold,
Calls Hitler 'Mad Lout'
Speaking at Shoreditch, the Min-
ster declared that Hitler's attacks on
British monuments were but "the
frenzied blows of a mad lout who,
stung by the carefully timed and
aimed blows of a cool and skillful
opponent, loses all self control and
uns amuck."
F~actory In Occupied
felgium Blown Up
LONDON, May 1.-(P)-A tremen-
ious explosion has wiped out the
aerman-controlled gas and explo-
sives factory at Tessenderloo in
eething North Belgium, killed 250
persons and injured upwards of 1,000,
advices from the Nazi-occupied na-
ion disclosed today.
The blast occurred in an industrial
and mining area where sabotage has
been rife, and the impression was
strong in London that the secretly-
armed Belgium "white brigade," a
band of patriots which is preparing
for the day when they can assist
Allied invasion of the low countries,
had now struck a hard first blow
at the conqueror.
Cause Unascertained
The German Army was in com

plete charge at Tessenderloo, and the
German account of the blast, dis-
tributed by the Berlin radio, said
cryptically that "the cause of the
disaster, which has not been ascer-
tained, is the subject of an inquiry."
But later in the day the German
radio reported that 100 "Commun-
ists" were being deported from Bel-
gium to the east for fomenting sabo-
tage in factories and elsewhere and
for causing strikes.


Power Politics."

Ruthven pointed out.

Inwasion Of China Threatened
As Japs Contimue Burma Drive
- - -__

CH UNUKING, China, May 1. -/-I
-Free China, endangered as never
before by a ,Japanese back-door
thrust which has penetrated within
45 miles of her border, sent rein-
forcements streaming down the Bur-
ma Road today in a supreme attempt
to stop the Japanese columns raging
through northeastern Burma,
Forging due north from captured,
blazing Lashio, where the Mandalay
railroad meets the twisting supply
route through the mountains, the
Japanese reached the vicinity of
Hsenwi, 22 miles northeast of Lashio
along the Burma Road.
The Chinese High Command said
tonight that the Chinese defenders
were holding steadfast in the Hsenwi
sector under heavy pressure, and that
some of the south-bound reinforce-
ments already had reached Hsenwi
from China's Yunnan province,

on India. At their present location in
the Hsenwi area, the Japanese riot
only are enveloping the actual Burma
Road but are in a position to men-
ace the new and incomplete India-
China route to the north, the 2,300-
mile Assam-Sikang Road.
(Moreover, one Axis report today
placed first on a list of possible Japa-
nese moves a drive into China to
menace Chungking, the Free Chinese
capital, itself.)
Far south of Lashio, isolated Chi-
nese units in the Shan State area of
Taunggyi and Loilem still were at-
tacking in an effort to cut the ex-
tended Japanese supply lines and, a
communique said, were inflicting
heavy casualties.
Fighting NearI Iyaukse
To the west, the Japanese frontal
attack on Mandalay had progressed
to a point 20 miles south of that
citv and fighting was nroceeding in

Press Con ference Hears Lecture
On ITeclniq.ue Of Interviewing

The art of interviewing, a demon-
stration by 3. Iay iakcr, special
writer of the Dooth Syndicate, was
the outstanding fea1ure of the first
day of the Michigan lte rscholastic
Press Association Coni erence which
is meeting here yesterdav and today.
Mr. Baker, in a general assembly
at 2 p.m. yesterday conducted an in-
terview, and answered questions con-
cerning the correct technique. The
assembly, at which nearly 500 stu-
dents from 53 Michigan high schools
were present, was preceded by an
opening session and executive meet-
Slosson Will Speak
The program. as arranged by the

ballroom. Professor Slosson's topic,
"The World Tomorrow" is directly
related to the convention theme-to-
morrow whose world?
From the delegate's point of view
the 10:30 a.m. session of publications
clinics will hold a great deal of in-
terest as they will provide specific
suggestions for improvement of news-
papers and magazines. At clinics led
by Professor J. L. Brumm, D. H.
Haines, W. H. Maurer, Mr. Donald
Anderson and Mr. Cleland Wyllie,
student newspapers from individual
high schools Will receive comments
and criticisms,
Awards To Be Made
Publications awards will be cnn-

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