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April 22, 1942 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1942-04-22

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* row THE MICHIGAN DAILY vv

DN.lE$T SAY, API

. Alr4tgau Dally

Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or not otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights
of republication of all other matters herein also
reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier $4.00, by mail $5.00.
REPRESENTED FOR NATIONAL ADVERTISING bY
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publishers Representative
420 MADieON AVE. NEW YORK. N. Y.
CHICAGO - BOSTON + LOS ANGELES ' SAN FRANCISCO
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1941-42
Editorial Staff

Emile Gel
Alvin Dann
David Lachen
Jay McCormic
Gerald E. Bu
hal Wilson
Janet Hooker
Grace Miller
Virginia Mitc
Daniel H. Huy
James B. Colt
Louise Carpen
Evelyn Wrighl

. . . . . . Managing .Editor
. . . . . ' .Editorial Director
bruch . . . . City Editor
k . . . . Associate Editor
rns . . Associate Editor
. . . . . . Sports Editor
. . . . . . Women's Editor
Assistant Women's Editor
hell . . . . . Exchange Editor
Business Stafff
yett . . . . Business Manager
Tins . Associate Business Manager
ter . . Women's Advertising Manager
t Women's Business Manager

NIGHT EDITOR: HOWARD FENSTEMAKER
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
only.
Action Must Follow
Appeasement Of Vichy .
E were extremely well pleased to
} hear yesterday that our dynamic
State Department sent a "sharply worded" pro-
test to Vichy because the French had turned
over 80,000 tons of merchant shipping to the
Japanese for use against the Allied Powers. It
is gratifying to know that the note writers are
'till able to wax indignant, especially since the
,ship deal took place more than five weeks ago-
in the pre-Laval period.
This is great news! Now we can have some
friendly competition with the Japanese when
we come to collect the sugar from Reunion Is-
land in the Indian Ocean. And here's another
angle. The agreement with Japan took place
while French supplies were being sent to General
;Rommel, supplies which we sent to France to
prove that we were suckers. In best Biblical
fashion, Vichy did not let the State Department
know what it's left hand was doing.
But what our State Department did not see,
many other highly competent observers not
only saw, but told. The exact nature of Vichy's
actions may not have been known, but the
fact that American supplies were being used
by the Nazis in North Africa was common
knowledge. The fact that Admiral Leahy could
not control Vichy's actions was no secret. In
fact, every appeasing movement of the State
Department was obviously useless, except to
the State Department.
And now we shall start getting returns on the ,
efforts of the Department clique, and the laxity
of the Administration. It is perhaps easier to
say what might have been, but with the miser-
able showing we have now as a result of the
spineless policy, argument of that nature car-
ries no weight. It was well-known what would
happen before this policy was started.
Now we must start over again to salvage what
2lttle remains from cumulative results of an
amazingly stupid idea. We shall not salvage
much.
But we can seize and occupy Madagascar be-
fore Vichy turns it over to Japan. We can take
pver the French possessions in the Atlantic be-
fore they are all used for Nazi subjnarine bases.
We can cooperate wholeheartedly with the Free
French, send them the supplies they need rather
than the Axis Libyan armies. We shall not
salvage much, but it will take more than pro-
tests to secure any results whatsoever. And
that action must come immediately, and move
swiftly in motion. Most of us are thoroughly
convinced that Vichy is not waiting for us to
stick out our tongues before it gives its posses-
sions away to the Axis.
- Eugene Mandeberg
Press Must Rid Its
Ranks Of Defeatists . .
T HIS WAR is a challenge to free insti-
tutions everywhere. The Fascist
hordes are attacking :rom without and are
threatening the whole structure of world democ-
racy. There is also an attack, or rather a test,
from within. It is the test of whether free in-
stitutions are able to survive and to accomplish
their purpose in a nation whose total effort is
geared to war.

Industrial Council Plan
Offers National Unity
W ITH America in the throes of war-
production and while stump speak-
ers in every corner of the country clamor for
national unity, it seems almost inconsistent that
Americans must constantly read of incessant
strife between employers and employes. We tell
each other to put a shoulder to the wheel, but
after four months of war production the United
States has not eliminated the cankers in its
industrial machine. There is still bitter discord
between the manufacturers and laborers over
matters such as overtime pay, jurisdictional
strikes, elimination of competing employes, and
war-time profiteering.
The tragic note in this situation is that while
there is little uniformity in the United States
productive pattern, one of our own cities, Toledo,
and our ally, Britain, have both struck upon a
method for placating these two seemingly in-
compatible forces. And nevertheless, despite
the successes chalked up by Britain and Toledo,
the government, industry, and laborers have
failed to take cognizance of the plan's value.
Since .1937 the city of Toledo has had an
industrial peace board for the purpose of ad-
justing controversies arising within the city's
industrial units. During this span of five
years the board has made a record which
should be envied by most national mediation
agencies. Set uip by the city government and
composed of five Toledo labor leaders, five
Toledo manufacturers, and eight representa-
tives of the general public, the council man-
aged to pass the year of 1941, in which the
city accumulated more than 63 million dollars
worth of defense contracts, with only one
strike. In its first year of operation, 1937, this
city had 95 disputes, but by 1940 this number
had been cut down to the exceptional low of
30 controversies. Moreover, only five of these
became actual strikes.
But Toledo cannot claim the distinction of
having the only agency of this kind in the world,
for in England under the capable leadership of
Labor Minister Ernest Bevin, countless numbers
of local District Area Boards have been estab-
lished throughout industry. These consultation
directorates, established for the same goal of
industrial peace as Toledo's intermediary, are
patterned exactly after a master agency, the
Joint Consultative Committee, which consists of
15 employer representatives and 15 labor repre-
sentatives with Bevin as chairman of the group.
The small local units also function under the
Industrial Capacity Committee and have to do
with the fullest and most efficient use of the
country's productive power. The special signifi-
cance of this system arises from the fact that
the trade union board members are not there
simply in an advisory capacity, because these
councils have complete authority within the
purview of their own sphere.
Thus, in the industry of Britain, joint tri-
bunals of labor and management settle the
production difficulties. J. H. Harley, a British
political writer, has summarized the success of
he plan by saying, "Every one of the old prob-
ems which formerly harassed industrial life is
now being successfully attacked and appears on
the highroad towards solution."
Today, when a greater number of people than
ever are making so-called "sad commentaries"
on American life, another must be added to the
list. When the National Defense Mediation
Board broke down last November, the sixth gov-
ernment attempt to provide industry with a suc-
cessful mediation agency had foundered. This
failure resulted from the same causes that made
the NLRB, the Maritime Labor Board, the Na-
tional Railroad Adjustment Board and the Na-
tional Mediation Board also ineffectual-lack
of wide enough scope and authority in addition
to being devised and imposed from the top. It
left a desperate need for some new agency that
will provide cooperation between workers and
managers; but more than that it left a major
flaw in our industrial pattern.
It should be a matter for deep regret on the
part of the American people that the govern-
ment does not see fit to imitate such success-
ful examples or to accept the ideas of such
men as the CIO labor prophet, Philip Murray,
who has claimed that "the adoption of the

industrial council plan would create the na-
tional unity for which all Americans are
striving." We could accomplish this unifica-
tion of America's productive power no better
than by establishing a prototype of the Toledo
or British system'
- Bud Brimmer
papers like the New York Daily News, the Chi-
cago Tribune and the Washington Times-Herald.
These papers, forced by circumstances to aban-
don their isolationist stand, have now resorted
to anti-Roosevelt and defeatist policies.
They, and others like them, are trying to stir
up race conflicts in this country and to create
disunity among the nations fighting Hitler.
Ranging their propaganda from claims that the
United States should fear Soviet Russia to de-
mands that American troops should be with-
drawn from world battlefronts to wage a purely
defensive war, they are serving the purpose of
the Axis well.
Not even Adolf Hitler can hope for a military
victory over the United States. lie must respect
the great productive power and potential un-
beatable strength of this country. But he can
hope for a victory on the psychological front. In
Mein Kampf he minimizes the importance of
the United States in world affairs because it is
torn by disunity and internal dissension. That
Der Fuehrer looks with satisfaction on those
who foster and seek to increase any such dis-
unity is a foregone conclusion. Should the Ger-
man leader succeed in pushing the United States
into a defensive war or making its war effort
ineffective by internal strife, an Axis victory
would be a certainty.

Drew Pe rsou
and
SMRobert S.Alles
WASHINGTON- This is a momentous week
for the War Labor Board.
It's been kept under cover, but this key war
agency is in the throes of a serious internal clash
which is due for a showdown any day now. The
result may be an explosion that will blQw the lid
off.
The issue is over the charge that certain
employer members of the Board are deliberately
stalling disposal of major labor cases affecting
war production.
Precipitator of the showdown is Dean Wayne
Morse of Oregon University law school, two-
fisted, plain-talking public representative on the
Board. Principal target of Morse's fire is Walter
C. Teagle, tall, bulky chairman of the board of
Standard Oil of New Jersey and an employer
member of WYB.
The long-smoldering controversy came to a
head some days ago in connection with the In-
ternational Harvester case. This case had been
pending for nearly a year. Finally Morse de-
manded that the WLB render a decision, threat-
ening to resign and issue a statement bluntly
telling why he quit unless the Board acted.
Under this challenge the Board got down to
business. After most of a day of dickering,
Teagle finally proposed that the matter be held
over the following week-end on the possibility
that a split decision could be averted. This was
agreed to.
During that week-end most of the employer
members of the WLB had a secret pow-wow at
which they debated what stand to take on
"union security," the basic issue involved in the
.arvester and a number of other pending major
cases. Participants in this conference later told
other WLB members that an agreement on the
compromise "union membership maintenance"
formula could have been reached but for Teagle.
It was stated that the oilman vigorously ob-
jected to accepting this proposal and blocked an
accord.
When the WLB resumed deliberations on the
Harvester case, Teagle again proposed a delay.
He urged that the controversy be returned to
the complaining union and the company for an-
other attempt at negotiation.
The Showdown
Morse blew up at the Teagle plan and waded
in with both fists flying.
He bluntly accused the oilman and his em-
ployer associates of dilatory tactics that were
hampering the war effort. Morse concluded by
charging them with acting not as impartial
arbiters but as management agents.
The scorching blast drew inignant protests
from Teagle and George Mead, president of the
Mead Paper Co. They contnded that their
function was to represent management. Morse's
reply to this argument was to quote a statement
made by another management member, Roger
Lapham, president of the American-Hawaiian
Steamship Co., that the WLB was the "Supreme
Court of war labor problems."
"It was my understanding that we all agreed
with that," said Morse. "Now you tell me that
you aren't judicially-minded arbiters, but special
pleaders. If that's the way this Board is to
operate then you can count me out."
Morse had his way. The Board issued a "union
membership maintenance" decision by a split
vote of 8 to 4
ART

DAILY OFFICIAL
BULLETIN
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 22, 1942
VOL. LI. No. 151
Publication in the Daly Official
Bulletin is constructive notice to all
members of the University.
Notices
llonors Convocation: The Nine-
teenth Annual Honors Convocation
of the University of Michigan will be
held Friday, April 24, at 11:00 a.m.
in Hill Auditorium. Classes, with the
exception of clinics, will be dismissed
at 10:45 a.m. Those students in
clinical classes who are receiving
honors at the Convocation will be ex-
cused in order to attend. The Facul-
ty, seniors, and graduate students
are requested to wear academic cos-
tume, but there is no procession.
Members of the faculty are asked to
enter by the rear door of Hill Audi-
torium and proceed directly to the
stage, where arrangements have been
made for seating them. The public
is invited.
Alexander G. Ruthven
Note to Seniors, May Graduates,
and Graduate Students: Please file
application for degrees or any special
certificates (i.e. Geology Certificate,
Journalism Certificate, etc.) at once
if you expect to receive a degree or
certificate at Commencement on May
30, 1942. We cannot guarantee that
the University will confer a degree
or certificate at Commencement up-
on any student who fails to file such
application before the close of busi-
ness on Thursday, April 30. If ap-
plication is received later than April
30, your degree or certificate may not
be awarded until next fall.
Candidates for degrees or certifi-
cates may fill out cards at once at
the office of the secretary or record-
er of their own school or college (stu-
dents enrolled in the College of Lit-
erature, Science, and the Arts, School
of Music, School of Education, and
School of Public Health, please note
that application blanks may be ob-
tained and filed in the Registrar's
Office, Room 4, University Hall).
Please do not delay until the last
day, as more than 2500 diplomas and
certificates must be lettered, signed,
and sealed and we shall be greatly
helped in this work by the early fil-
ing of applications and the resulting
longer period for preparation.
The filing of these applications
does not involve the payment of any
fee whatsoever.
Shirley W. Smith
Seriors: The firm which furnishes
diplomas for the University has sent
the following caution: Please warn
graduates not to store diplomas in
cedar chests. There is enough of the
moth-killing aromatic oil in the av-
erage cedar chest to soften inks of
any kind that might be stored inside
them, resulting in seriously damag-
ing the diplomas.
Shirley W. Smith
Staff Travel by Automobile: As a
measure of economy it is requested
that faculty and staff members who
have occasion to travel on Univer-
sity business by personally owned or
University owned automobile report
their plans in advance to the office
of Dr. Frank E. Robbins, Assistant to
the President (Campus telephone
328), in order that, when feasible,
persons going to the same place at
the same time may ride in the same
car and save both tires and expense.
A record of such plans will be kept
in the President's Office, and those
who find it necessary to make a trip
may inquire there as to the possi-
bility of riding with others. Waste
is sabotage.
LaVerne Noyes Scholarships: Pre-

sent holders of these scholarships
who desire to apply for renewals for
1942-43 should call at 1021 Angell
Hall and fill out the blank forms for
application for renewal,
Frank E. Robbins
Effective April 20 the following
rates will apply to the use of mJni-
versity-owned cars and trucks:
Sedans, $0.07 per mile; Station
wagons, $0.10 per mile; Minimum
charge $2.00.
Trucks, 2 ton a n uder, with
driver, $1.75 per hour.
Trucks, 2' ton and over, with driv-
er, $2.25 per hour. Minimum charge,
$3.00.
These charges will be made to the
appropriate departmental budgets by
the usual routine.
E. C. Pardon, Superintendent
Buildings and Girounds
Residence Balls for Men and Wo-I
men Applications for Staff lositions:I
Upperclass, graduate, and profession-
al students who wish to apply for
Staff Assistantships and other stu-
dent personnel positions in the Resi-
dence Halls may obtain application
blanks in the Office of the Director
of Residence Halls, 205 South Wing.
Unmarried members of the faculty
holding the rank of Teaching Fellow
or above are invited to apply for
Resident Adviserships in the Quad-
rangles (iHouse Masterships). Posi-
tions of all grades will be open for
the Fall and Spring Terms; and it is
probable that there will be a limited,
number of student and faculty staff;

GRIN AND BEAR IT

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"And you'll need this when you happen to dig up some bait in
the garden."

Engineering Students: The Depart-
ment of Mechanism and Engineering
Drawing is desirous of obtaining sev-
eral Engineering Students who have
Drawing 1, 2, and 3 to act as student
assistants in the Ordnance Training
Courses. They must be free on M.
W. F. 10-12 or Tu., Th., S. 10-12. The
Course runs from April 27 to July 25,
including the two weeks that the
regular students have vacation, May
30 to June 15. Apply to Col. H. W.
Miller, room 412, W. Eng.
Teaching Departments Wishing to
Recommend tentative May graduates
from the College of Literature, Sci-
ence and the Arts and the School of
Education for Departmental Honors
should send such names to the Regis-
trar's Office, Room 4, U. Hall before
May 15, 1942.
Robert L. Williams,
Assistant Registrar.
Senior Life Saving for Women:
Certificates from the first semester
and badges and pins from the second
semester may be obtained in Office
15, Barbour Gymnasium from 9:00
to 12:00 daily this week.
Candidates for the Teacher's Cer-
tificate for May, 1942 are requested
to call at the office of the School
of Education, 1437 UES, during the
week of April 27, between the hours
of 1:30 and 4:30, to take the Teacher
Oath which is a requirement for the
certificate.
The University Bureau of Appoint-
ments has received notice of the fol-
lowing examination as announced by
the United States Civil Service:
Assistant Fingerprint Classifier,
$1,620, until further notice.
Public Health Nursing Consultant,
$2,600 to $5,600, until further notice.
Further information may be ob-
tained from the announcement,
which is on file in the office of the
Bureau of Appointments, 201 Mason
Hall; office hours 9-12 and 2-4.
Bureau of Appointments and
Occupational Information
Academic Notices
The Botanical Seminar will meet
today at 4:30 p.m. in room 1139 Na-
tural Science building. Mr. S. G.
I Wildman will give papers entitled
"The Release of Auxin from Isolated
Leaf Proteins of Spinach by Enzymes"
and "The Instability of Tryptophane
under Conditions of Mild Alkalinity,"
All interested are invited,
Pre-medical Students: Attention is
again called to the Medical Aptitude
Test of the Association of American
Colleges which will be given here on
Friday, April 24. This test is a nor-
mal requirement for admission to
practically all medical schools, and
is given but once a year. Students
who expect to enter a medical school
in the school year of 1943-1944
should take the examination at this
time. Requirements for admission
to a medical school do not need to
be completed at the time of the test.
However, it is doubtful that anyone
with less than sophomore standing
will be prepared at this time for the
examination.
Further information may be ob-
tained in Room 4 University Hall,
and tickets should be purchased im-
mediately at the Cashier's Office.
Doctoral Examination for Theodore
Christian Kramer, Anatomy; thesis:
"The Partitioning of the Truncus and
Conus and the Formation of the
Membranous Portion of the Interven-
tricular Septum in the Human
Heart." Thursday, April 23, 3502
East Medical, 3:00 p.m. Chairman,
B. M. Patten.
By action of the Executive Board,
the Chairman may invite members
of the faculties and advanced doctor-
al candidates to attend the examina-

Building. Chairman, W. C. Trow.
By action of the Executive Board,
the Chairman may invite members
of the faculties and advanced doctor-
al candidates to attend the examina-
tion and he may grant permission to
those who for sufficient reason might
wish to be present.
C. S. Yoakum
Doctoral Examination for Min-
Chen Wang, Physics; thesis: "A
Study of Various Solutions of the
Boltzmann Equation." Thursday,
April 23, 172 Rackham, 2:00 p.m.
Chairman, . E. Uhlenbeck.
By action of the Executive Board,
the Chairman may invite members
of the faculties and advanced doc-
toral candidates to attend the exam-
ination and he may grant permission
to those who for sufficient reason
might wish to be present.
C. S. Yoakum
Doctoral Examination for Cheng
Kwei Tseng, Botany; thesis: "Mono-
graphic Studies of the Rhodophyceae
of Hong Kong." -Thursday, April
23, 1139 Natural Science, 2:00 p.m.
Chairman, W. R. Taylor.
By action of the Executive Board,
the Chairman may invite members
of the faculties and advanced doc-
toral candidates to attend the exam-
ination and he may grant permission
to those who for sufficient reason
might wish to be present.
C. S. Yoakum
Concerts
May Festival Tickets: A limited
number of tickets for each of 'the six
May Festival concerts are still avail-
able. When the supply for any con-
cert is exhausted, a limited number
of standing room tickets will be
placed on sale at the office of the
University Musical Society in Burton
Memorial Tower.
Charles A. Sink, President
The carillon concert for Thursday,
April 23, will be dedicated to Poland
and will consist of Polish national,
army, and folk songs as well as a
selection from the opera Halka and
the "Revolutionary" Etude by Cho-
pin. The University Carillonneur,
Percival Price, will present the pro-
gram from 7:15 to 8:00 p.m.
Exhibitions
Exhibition: Museum of Art and
Archaeology, The Maud Ledyard von
Ketteler Collection of the University
of Michigan, Rackham Galleries,
April 9-25. Hours 2-5 and 7-10 p.m.,
European and Far Eastern Art Ob-
jects.
Exhibition, College of Architecture
and Design: An exhibition of ink-
and-brush life drawings by Milton
Horn of New York City, a resident
sculptor under a Carnegie Founda-
tion Grant at Olivet College, is being
shown in the ground floor cases of
the Architecture Building. Open
daily 9 to 5, except Sunday, through
April 28. The public is invited.
Lectures
University Lecture: Dr. M. S. Di-
mand, Curator of Near Eastern Art
in the Metropolitan Museum of Art,
New York City, will lecture on the
subject, "Coptic Art of the Muham-
madan Period" (illustrated), under
the auspices of the Museum of Art
and Archaeology at 4:15 p.m. today
in the Rackham Amphitheatre. The
public is cordially invited.
Henry Russel Lecture: Dr. Wil-
liam H. Worrell, Professor of Semi-
tics, will give the Henry Russel Lec-
ture on the subject, "An Account of
the Copts from Coptic Sources" on
Tuesday, April 28, at 4:15 p.m. in the
Rackham Amphitheater. At this
time public announcement of the
Henry Russel Award will be made.

The College of Architecture and Design:
currently in its main-floor corridor a shi
drawings by Milton Horn of Olivet College.
Horn is one of the three members of the of
town jury for the coming exhibition of th
Arbor Art Association.)
The drawings shown represent a highs
ard of taste and craftsmanship. This ar
thoroughly adult in his outlook, and the
ings prove it. True enough, they betray
ences or, perhaps better, evidence of abso
historical interest. The famous and ha
wiry line of Pablo Picasso is apparent,
something of the decorative grace of I
Matisse. And with these two influences
is a peculiar quality in the characteristics
ness of the heads that would seem to hark
to the mannerists of sixteenth century
The influences are well assimilated, and
has no sense that the artist is merely et
or archaeological in his interest.
There is about Milton Horn's work ant
lushness that is almost romantic, and it
pleasure to see drawings which seem gent
felt and beyond the merely fashionable.
can only wish that a somewhat broader
of the artists's work had been available to.
- John Mai
tion between such criticism and outright de
ist propaganda.
A great responsibility is being placed
the nation's newspapers. The press is of
the pillars of democracy. It assures an ii
gent and informed public. But it has tl
sponsibility of accepting its right with al
reservations that go with it, and, when the
is misused, of punishing the criminals.
For years the press has fulfilled its role.

. OW I

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