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April 21, 1942 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1942-04-21

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'Old Guard' Republicans
Still Isolationistse



Allies Win
New Fight
Chinese, British Divisions
Score Gains In Burma
In Bold Counterattack
Jap Troops Pound
Corregidor Island
LONDON, April 20.--(P)-Chinese
infantry and British tanks teamed up
in a bold counterattack to score their
first offensive success in Burma by
driving the Japanese from Yenang-
yaung in the center of the ruined oil
fields by a headlong assault, it was
announced today.
British tanks smashed through the
jungle ahead of veteran Chinese in-
fantry to erase the most dangerous
Japanese penetration in Burma, and
theRAF scoured the Arakan coast of
West Burma looking for signs that
the Japanese were attempting to em-
ploy the tactics of Malaya-coastal
infiltration toward Akyab, small but
only North Burma port behind the
British lines.
Sweeping 200 miles of the coast,'
the planes not only bombed Bassein
airport and Allanmyo on the lower
Irrawaddy, but also smashed barges
and launches at Bassein and in Gwa
Bay, 50 miles to the north. They at-
tacked two schooners at Andrew Bay
and Sandoway, 75 miles north of
Gwa Bay.
The American volunteer group-
The Flying Tigers-also were in ac-
tion, successfullyhdefending their
Burma base by shooting down two
Japanese planes.
Reports late tonight from Chung-
king indicated that on the Sittang
river front, east of the Irrawaddy, the
Chinese were retiring slowly north-
ward while their rear guards fought
vigorous delaying actions in the vi-
cinity of Pyinmana, 150 miles south
of Mandalay.
Corregidor Suffers
Casualties, Damage
WASHINGTON, April 20. --AP)--
With nine-inch shells from the heav-
iest guns they have, the Japanese
pounded beleaguered Corregidor to-
day in a punishing cross-fire from
fresh positions, inflicting "some cas-
ualties and some damage," in the
words of a laconic communique.
The War Department's report at
the close of the day made no mention
of answering fire from the American
and Filipino defenders, althougi a
forenoon communique told of telling
blows delivered yesterday by gunners
of the main fortification and the
lesser Manlia Bay forts.
'ine' To Meet
Broncos Today

U.S. Air Force Reveals
New Procurement Plan

To meet increasing needs of the
Army Air Forces, for air crews to
man fighting planes and supporting
ground crews, the War Department
today announced a plan to recruit
men in the colleges and universities
of the nation for future requirements
of the Army flying services.
Two Army representatives, Lieut.-
Col. Joseph H. Carr and Lieut. Ron-
del L. Cox, will be here Wednesday,
April 29, to discuss the new program
and show sound movies of aviation
cadet training and a recent "March
of Time" on Army activity.
The plan calls for the procurement
of Aviation Cadets through prelim-
inary enlistment as privates in the
Air Force Enlisted Reserve. The pro-
.draft .Board'
Calls Kolesar

Bob Kolesar, regular guard on the
Michigan football team, revealed late
last night that he had received his
draft questionnaire a week-and-a-
half ago and would probably be called
to training within the next three
The burly gridder from Cleveland,
who has been recognized as one of
the greatest linemen in the Big Ten,
is the first Wolverine first-stringer
to hear from his draft board. That
his loss will be keenly felt this fall
cannot be doubted, and just who
Coach Fritz Crisler will use in his
place is highly debatable.
Having been accepted to Medical
School in March, Kolesar may yet
receive an occupational deferment
(2-A). He himself says that his
draft board will not take that into
consideration, and, accordingly, he
expects no deferment and will go
when the orders are deposited in his
Coach Crisler could not be reached
last night for a statement, and line
mentor Clarence (Biggie) Munn
claimed he had no knowledge of Kole-
sar's draft status.
Sixteen Enter
Election Race
Student Senate Candidates
To Run For Nine Posts
With the closing of petitioning for
ballot po. itions in the Student Sen-
ate election Friday, sixteen candi-
dates have thrown their hats into the
ring, it was announced yesterday.
Only one party has entered the
scene in this year's poll which will
All candidates' statements for
The Daily's "Battle Page" must be
turned in to Dan Behrman before
5 p.m. tomorrow at the Student
Publications Building. Statements
should not run longer than 250
words and only statements received
before deadline can be printed.
choose a completely revamped nine-
member senate, final returns indi-
cate. This organization, the newly
formed University Party, will vie for
senatorial posts with the remaining
non-affiliated nominees.
Reduced from thirty members to
nine, the senate has been revised to
increase its efficiency and facilitate
a stronger representative government
on campus.

gram will provide opportunities for
enlistment on a deferred service basis
so that the aviation cadet candidates
may continue their education until
actually required for Army training.
Students enlisted in the Enlisted
Reserve, of course, are subject to call
to active duty at any time. The plan,
however, is to defer them, permit-
ting further scholastic training pro-
vided they maintain a satisfactory
scholastic standard.
Students May Continue Studies
Students whose courses of study
give them the special instruction
necessary for meteorology and com-
munications will be permitted to con-
tinue their schooling to enable them
to qualify as officers.
Young men enlisted in the Air
Force Enlisted Reserve and deferred
for scholastic reasons will be identi-
fied by an emblem similar to the
familiar Air Forces' wing-and-pro-
peller insignia.
The college recruiting plan was an-
nounced by Lieut.-Gen. Henry H.
Arnold, Commanding General of the
Army Air Forces, in a telegram to
centrally located colleges throughout
the country, including the University..
These central colleges and universi-
ties are to serve as focal points for
colleges in their vicinity.
Authorized April 4
The Army Air Forces Enlisted Re-
serve was authorized on April 4, and
for the present is open to college
students who have not completed
their educational training and who.
wish to continue in school.
General Arnold has requested that
colleges and universities appoint a
faculty air forces adviser to provide
a definite contact between the repre-,
sentatives of the Army and the col-
lege personnel. This office, designed
to prevent disruption of college activ-
ities and bring to the Army's atten-
tion the problems that will arise be-
cause of local conditions, has not
yet been filled for the University.-
Honor Students
Will Be Feted
Convocation To Be Friday;
Coucher Will Speak t
Outstanding graduate and under-
graduate students, recipients of
scholarships, fellowships and other
special awards, will receive commen-t
dation for thier scholastic achieve-1
ment at the 19th annual Honors Con-<
vocation to be held Friday at Hill
Prof. C. S. Coucher, noted educatorc
and historian and graduate of the
University in 1909, will deliver the
convocation address, "Education and
War." Professor Coucher has served
as President of West Virginia Uni-
versity since 1935 and has been active
in educational work throughout the
nation. A well known authority on
American history, Professor Coucher
has taught at several schools includ-
ing the University, 1910-1:.t
The committee of the 1942 Honorst
convocation is headed by ChairmanI
Joseph A. Bursley, Dean of Students.1
Other members of the committee are
Randolph G. Adams, Director of the
Clements Library, Robert C. Angell,
chairman of the Department of So-
ciology; E. Blythe Stason, Dean oft
the Law School, and Shirley Smith,
University treasurer.t
There will be a meeting of theI
entire Gargoyle editorial staff att
5 p.m. today In the Student Pub-I
lications Building.S

Japs Offer
For Attacks
Reports Are%ontradictory
Concerning Bombings;
WashingtonStill Silent
Enemy Says Raiders
Sped On To China
(By The Associated Press)
The Japanese, apparently still try-
ing to learn how Tokyo and three
other of their greatest cities were
bombed Saturday, suggested yester-
day that planes came from three
United States aircraft carrierstand
then sped on to havens in China.
In raising this possibility, however,
the Japanese Imperial headquarters
identified the planes as North Ameri-
can B-25's, which are big two-motor-
ed army bombers never known to
have been launched from the short
flight decks of carriers.
Tending nevertheless to support
the Japanese conclusion, the Reuters
News Agency in London quoted "well-
informed quarters" in Chungking as
saying United States planes which
raided Japan had arrived safely at
their destinatidn. Chungking had
said previously the raids were not
launched from China.
Washington Still Silent
Washington or other capitals of
the United Nations were silent as
the Japanese accounts continued to
contradict themselves and to imply
that Japanese "face" and public mor-
ale had suffered, in addition to the
damage done.
An Imperial headquarters com-
munique Monday said:
"A hostile navy unit centering
around three aircraft carriers ap-
peared April 18 at a distant point off
the eastern coast of Japan proper,
but, fearing Japanese counter-attack,
fled without approaching Japanese
"On'the same day approximately
10 enemy aircraft of the North Amer-
ican B-25 type appeared over Tokyo
and other areas, flying singly or in
"The hostile pl ne s which man-
aged to escape being 'downed appear
to have escaped to China.
Damage Called Slight
"Damage caused was extremely
Previous accounts had said nine of
the planes which raided Tokyo, Yo-
kohama, Kobe and Nagoya were shot
down. The Japanese said another was
forced down in the mountains of
central Japan and its crew of five
Leonard Cites
Civilian Duties
For Air Raids
Civilian defense is charged with
the duty of preserving the morale of
the civilian population during mass
bombing assaults, Capt. Donald S.
Leonard, of the Michigan State Pol-
ice, declared in a lecture yesterday
in Hill Auditorium.
Delivering the third in a series of
talks sponsored by the University
War Board and County Defense
Council, Captain Leonard stressed
the importance of civilian protection
plans. An observer of actual raids in
England for four months, he praised
the morale of the British people and
predicted that Americans would re-
spond to Axis bombing attacks with
the same steadfastness and deter-

mination as did their British allies.
Emphasizing that the risks in the
present war are not assumed only
by the military but by women and
children on the home front, Captain
Leonard called for a complete air
raid protection program. Preparation
for any eventuality was an absolute
necessity, he said.
The Midwest is especially vulner-
able to air attack. Air raids on this
area would accomplish two objec-
tives: (1) destroy vital war indus-
tries, and (2) affect morale the na-
tion over as it would demonstrate the
susceptibility of the coastal and other
areas to raids.
One important element in the
maintenance of a civilian protection
system is its value in preserving the
morale of the soldier at the front,
Captain Leonard pointed out.


Franco-German Alliance

Condition For

In Europe, Laval States

Soviet Pilots, Ground Batteries
Destroy 1,500 German Planes

LONDON, April 20. -(P)-- Soviet
pilots and ground batteries destroyed
1,500 German planes in the six weeks
ending April 14 to amass one of the
biggest scores of theair war, the
Moscow radio announced tonight.
The reported bag was remarkable
in itself but all the more so because
1,000 of the Nazi craft were declared
knocked out during March alone,
when blizzards caused some of the
worst flying weather encountered by
Red airmen.
Aerial warfare has exploded in the
Far North with the Soviet Air Force
smashing heavy Nazi assaults upon
the Red northern fleet, the Russians
announced. In one engagement 15
German craft were declared downed
without a Soviet loss.
The biggest news from the Eastern
Front was the report that the Rus-
sian Army of the center had drawn
its big guns up to within range of
Smolensk, center of German military
power, about 230 miles west of Mos-
cow, while northern Russian forces
were violently assaulting the main
German and Finnish lines about Len-
Dispatches from the Russian front
said these attacks in the north,
apparently a supreme effort to re-
lieve the second city of the Soviet
Union before the spring thaw be-
comes general, were loosed along the
Volkhov River south of Leningrad
Swing Concert
Is Tomorrow
Tickets Are Still Available
For Barnet Program
Tomorrow night in Hill Auditorium
there will be sizzling seat covers and
acoustical dynamite bouncing off the
ceiling, according to a conservative
estimate by swing concert chairman
Buck Dawson, '43.
Dawson ventured this prediction on
the strength of Charlie Barnet's sax-
ophone which will fill the auditor-
ium's cloistered chamber from 8 to
10:30 p.m. All profits from Barnet's
program will be turned over to the
Bomber-Scholarship Fund.
Tickets for the concert, third of
its kind ever to be held in Ann Arbor,
will still be on sale today at the
Union, the center of the Diagonal,
Burton Tower, and at a State Street
Barnet's famed sweet and swing
will not be restricted to any privi-
leged group since all coeds attending
the concert will be, granted 11 p.m.
Although this will be Barnet's first
appearance in Ann Arbor, he is no
stranger to local connoisseurs of the
best in juke-box jive.

and against the Finnish lines on the
Svir River and on the Karelian Isth-
The Germans, said unofficial ad-
vices received here, were hurling
every ounce of their strength into the
struggle in an effort to hold on at
any cost until the ice in the Volkhov
melts and it becomes again a strong
and fluid barrier to protect the Ger-
man flank and rear.
The Nazi High Command ack-
nowledged "local enemy attacks in
both the northern and central sectors
C but claimed that all had been broken
and that German counter-attacks in
the north had been locally successful.
On the Svir front, northeast of
Leningrad and east of Lake Ladoga,
the Russians claimed an advance of
two miles at one point, while Berlin
itself acknowledged that Axis forces
were fighting "defensive battles"
There was little detail about the
progress of the action on the Kareli-
an Isthmus west of Ladoga.
Will Presn
WilPeelAnnual Sing
Through the courtesy of the Inter-
fraternity Council, the campus will
be able to watch the sun go down as
fraternities vocalize for the seventh
annual Interfraternity Sing at 7:15
p.m. May 4 on the steps of the main
For the past six years, the mellow-
est singing fraternities, backed by
sorority cheering sections, have gath-
ered at the library to sing songs for
cups, judges, sororities, and the gen-
eral public. And this year the Coun-
cil is planning an even better affair
than in previous years.
Eliminations to select the top sing-
ing groups will be held April 30 in
the Union and the League. For both
the trials and the finals, participants
will need their own accompanist.
One song from each fraternity is
all that is required, and those houses
intending to enter are reminded that
eliminations will be held in small
rooms, so that the volume of the
singing must be held down accord-
Awards will consist of four cups,
three permanent trophies and one
rotating cup. These prizes are now
on display in the window of a local
fraternity jeweler. Entry blanks have
been sent out to all fraternities, and
the houses are requested to return
them to the IFC offices as soon as
possible so that final arrangements
may be made. /

Pro-Axis Leader Brands
Starting Of Hostilities
Against Nazis 'Crime'
Weekend Raiders
Destroy Jap Planes
VICHY, Unoccupied France, April
20.--(P)-Speaking tonight amidst
new stirrings of unrest and Nazi or-
ders for the execution of 30 more
Frenchmen, pro-Axis Pierre Laval
branded France's 1939 declaration of
war a "crime" and told the French
people the condition for peace in
Europe lay in friendship between
France and Germany.
In his first broadcast as chief of
government, Laval placed blame for
France's predicament upon the old
republican regime, declaring that he
had "no responsibility whatever in
the misfortune which has befallen
Appealed To Frenchmen
He appealed to French men to sup-
port his new government with the as-
sertion that their choice now lay be-
tween rapprochement with Germany
or "seeing our civilization disappear."
Referring to the Anglo-Saxon pow-
ers, he said that " in the past I never
have accepted or submitted to any
foreign influence, and such is the
explanation of the unleashing of pas-
sions to whichI I am so often sub-
jected, above all in England again"
"My thoughts go especially to those
among you who have suffered the at-
tacks of our former ally, all the more
fierce against our territories because
she is incapable of protecting her
own," the bitterly anti-British Laval
Tried To Destroy Fleet
"After having led us into war, after
having abandoned us in battle, she
tried to destroy. our fleet; she killed
our sailors and starved our people.
"Today her airplanes are again in
French skies; after deserting us in
a moment of danger they (the Brit-
ish) would complete the destruction
of our homes which the battles have
left unscathed."
Reaching an understanding with
Germany, Laval said, was "like an
obsession" with him.
After recalling the meeting he ar-
ranged between Chief of State Petain
and Adolf Hitler at Montoire, at
which the policy of collaboration was
arranged, Laval asserted:
"Since Montoire, since October,
1940, the war has been extended to
all continents and taken on new sig-
nificance. To the reasons which de-
termined us to seek a policy of ac-
cord and reconciliation with Ger-
many there have been other reasons
which are even more compelling."
Destruction Of 40
;ap Planes Claimed
Australia, April 20.-(P)-Destruction
of 40 grounded Japanese planes in
two weekend raids on Rabaul was re-
ported today as Gen. Douglas Mac-
Arthur and Prime Minister John Cur-
tin discussed operations of the
Southwest Pacific command.
The conference which'other Allied
war chiefs attended was described of-
ficially only as dealing with a "highly
confidential" subject. The American
general's new command is under in-
structions to prepare an offensive,
and the increasing air attacks on the
Japanese footholds on the outer ring
of islands possibly presages an early
effort to drive the invaders from
those bases.
In the attacks Saturday and Sun-
day on Rabaul, in New Britain,
thousands of pounds of explosives
were dropped on Lakunai airdrome,
wrecking runways and planes, and
on Japanese flying boats in the har-
A ship also was reported damaged.
The United States and Australian

airmen drove through tropical rain-
storms and heavy anti-aircraft fire
to accomplish their mission,
Australian Air Minister Arthur S.
Drakeford declared he had "cheer-
ing news that numbers of the latest
American aircraft will be added to
the powers of attack."
Reports seeping through from Ra-
baul said that the Japanese were suf-
fering acutely from hunger because
their supply ships had been sunk and


Bill Cain,

Fishman Slated
I U~ 'DE * 1

10 H furl For Michigan
It will be with a feeling of no little'
relief that the Wolverine baseball
team travels to Kalamazoo today to
renew acquaintances with its pesky
up-state rival, Western Michigan.
For the past three seasons the
games with the Kazoo nine have been
a nightmare to Coach Ray Fisher's
diamond gladiators mainly because
of a pint-sized southpaw pitcher
named Frank "Stub" Overmire who
seemed to have a perennial penchant
for turning back the Wolverines.
But this year tiny Overmire is reg-
istered among the Teachers' alumni
and Michigan is anticipating far less
difficulty in this afternoon's game
with his successors. The tilt will be
the Wolverines' first since their re-
turn from a southern jaunt in which
they won two out of the four games
Michigan will face a revamped
Western Michigan squad today be-
cause of the graduation of 10 letter
Turn to Page 3, Col. 1
Michigan Squadron
ApprovedBy Navy
Michigan men already enlisted for
flight trailing in the Naval Air Corps
as well as students interested in ap-
plying for the training are eligible to
take their training with the Univer-
sity squadron being formed by C.

S. L. A. Marshall Will Discuss
'Our Part In The War' Today

FBI Arraigns Detroit Citizen
For Harboring Escaped German

DETROIT, April 20.-UP)-Escape
of a German Army combat pilot
from an officers concentration camp
in Canada was made possible through
cooperation of Max Stephan, Ger-
man-born proprietor of a Detroit
restaurant, the FBI announced to-
Stephan, a naturalized American
citizen, admitted giving the German
flier food and money and arranging
his transportation out of Detroit Sun-
day morning, John S. Bugas, Detroit
FBI chief, declared.
The flier,'Peter Krug, 21-year-old
lieutenant in the German Air Force,
escaped from the camp April 16 with
a companion, Erich Bohle, 28, also a
lieutenant. Bohle was recaptured the
following day at Niagara Falls, N.Y.
Krug, still at large, is believed try-
ing to make his way back to Germany

day night, Bugas said, also is under
arrest. Her name was not divulged.
Kug, captured after being shot
down in an aerial dogfight over the
English Channel a year and a half
ago, made his way to Toronto, then
to Windsor after breaking out of the
He stole a rowboat in Windsor Fri-
day night, the FBI officer related,
and using boards for oars paddled
across the Detroit River.
He then made his way to the home
of the woman, whose name he had
memorized from bundles she had sent
to prisoners at the camp. She hid
him, Bugas said, and notified Steph-
an, who had him out of Detroit 24
hours later.
Stephan came to this country from
Germany in 1928 and was naturalized
ini 1925_T.His restauriant. forme~rl

Drawing from a varied career as
a newspaper man and a lieutenant
in the First World War, S. L. A. Mar-
shall, radio commentator.and military
critic for the Detroit News, will speak
on "Our Part in the War Today"
at 8:15 p.m. today in the Rackham
Marshall's is the first public lec-
ture ever to be included in the annual
campaign of the Ann Arbor division
of the Women's Field Army for the
Control of Cancer. Part of the re-
ceipts from the lecture, along with
other funds from the month-long
campaign, will be donated to the
two local hospitals, and the rest will
be sent to the State and National
headquarters of the Army for the re-
search, education and cure for can-
In addition to his work as a radio
commentator and newspaper writer,
Marshall is the author of several
books on military subjects. Some of
the most recent of these include,
"Blitzkreig," "Armies on Wheels"
and "How the Army Organized for

Strike Is Threatened
At University Hospital
University Hospital was threatened

have included a canvass of the down-
town business districts, canisters

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