THE MICHIGAN DAILY
I4r £ti cnPan ttry,
In Re: Lew Ayres
I am gratified by the vigorous response to my
editorial of last Sunday; but I am equally as-
tounded at the various interpretations. Perhaps
adolescent, journalists should not play with so
dangerous a weapon as irony. Or perhaps I was
too confident that my previous editorials on
conscientious objectors had been read. In either
event, I wish to state concisely and clearly my
opinions on the matter.
I do not think Lew Ayres is a non-patriot.
Nor do I think Burton K. Wheeler, black-clad
mothers, Henry Ford or Charles A. Lindbergh
are necessarily non-patriots. Nor do I espe-
cially admire the patriotism of Nicholas Schenck
of MGM, and these hot-air jingoists who do
their bit for the war effort by avoiding the films
of Lew Ayres.-
I think the recent treatment of Ayres by the
press is as sad a commentary on American
' intelligence as wasting public money on the
nightmares of Martin Dies. Well, there it is.'
Now we have a sound basis for disagreement.
-- Emile Gele
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NIGHT EDITOR: WILL SAPP
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
Laval's Return Verifies
Vichy Submission . .
IF there was any doubt about the
disastrous policy of our State De-
partment in its friendly tete a tete with the
traitorous Vichy government, yesterday's events
should have dispelled that doubt once and for all.
Pierre Laval, outstanding French advocate of
collaboration with Germany. was made vice-
premier of Vichy France as a result of terrific
pressure from Germany. Having regained power
after 16 months of political dormancy, Laval will
obviously be virtual co-dictator with Marshal
THE VICHY GOVERNMENT has shown it-
self finally and conclusively to be on the
side of our enemy. Laval is admittedly a pro-
Fascist and we can expect Vichy France to be
nothing but a province of Germany-even
more unambiguously than it has been until
now. The words "cooperation" and "collab-
oration" are now meaningless. Vichy is a full-
fledged slave of the Axis powers
Even the State Department could not ignore
yesterday's climactic move; reports from Wash-
ington have it that Sumner Welles is expected
to ask a full explantion of Ambassador Gas-
ton Henry-Haye. And the report of Laval's re-
turn to power followed by only a- few hours
a denunciation by Welles of Laval and his sup-
porters. After all these months of sending ma-
terials to French colonies in Africa despite clear
and undeniable indications that these very ma-
terials were falling into the hands of our enemy
to be used against us, it is mildly gratifying to
know that our tactful diplomats in Washington
are at least going to "ask for an explanation" of
this latest action.
But this is war. It is no time for merely seek-
ing explanations. We are now in the painful
process of straining all our resources for the
carrying on of a tremendous conflict, the full
burden of which we cannot even foresee at this
time. This is a total, all-consuming struggle,
and we are signing our own death warrant by
aiding our foe in any way whatsoever.
OUR STATE DEPARTMENT has aided our
enemies too long already. Its response to
Laval's return to power must be clear-cut and
decisive. The only possible answer is a com-
plete breaking off of relations with the Vichy
government. If we do not do this, we are
playing right into the hands of Germany.
Nothing would please the Nazis more than
to see our State Department untinue its pol-
icy of pussyfooting along the path of fearful
uncertainty in its relations with Vichy. Noth-
ing would be so invigorating to the morale of
the German people and their allies. Hitler's
much repeated claims that the democracies
are weak and ineffective would thus find re-
markable confirmation in the eyes of his peo-
Perhaps even more imperative is the necessity
for immediately stopping all shipments to North
Africa. With Pierre Laval in the saddle of a
German-dominated France, it would be a naive
person indeed who believed that shipments to
Africa will not be used in the long ru tagainst
The weak policy of our government toward
B ELIEVERS in a strong Pan-Ameri-
can movement have long bemoaned
the fact that no real leadership for such a move-
ment ever came from outside the United States.
It has been-and still is in many quarters-
taken for granted that every move for hemi-
spheric unity was sponsored by the United States
in the interests of the United States.
No longer is that true. In the last three months
twb Mexicans have done more for the cause of
democracy and unity in the Americas than Nel-
son Rockefeller and the State Department com-
VICENTE LOMBARDO TOLEDANO, who has
emerged as the most powerful labor leader in
Latin America and is, in fact, President of the
Confederation of Latin American Workers, has
embarked on a mission which if successful will
make previous attempts to line up South Ameri-
ca and its peoples for hemispheric defense look
Toledano has an aggressive and brilliant rec-
ord as the Marxist leader of Mexico's left-wing
CTM, an organization comparable to the CIO,
and many diplomats consider him the most po-
tent single force in Latin American industry.
His voluntary, greatly necessary mission to
South America's workers may result in a hemi-
spheric victory effort, one not brought about by
the United States, but established through the
foresight and courage of a citizen of Mexico.
TOLEDANO'S WORK, important as it is, was
made possible only through the efforts of
another Mexican, smooth Ezequiel Padilla, whose
impassioned pleas for a free America saved the
Pan-American Conference from an Argentine-
At last there is some hope of a real and final
agreement of the Americas. When men like
Toledano and Padilla join Welles and Hull in its
advocacy, what once seemed a diplomatic impos-
sibility may now become a political reality.
Their actions may result in Padilla's "Magna
Charta of a united America." -hale Champion
United China Relief
Deserves Support ...
THE second annual United China Re-
lief campaign, which opened on
campus Monday, has, because of America's entry
into the war, an entirely different keynote from
similar campaigns of former years. Whereas in
the past it was "China needs America's help,' in
1942 it has become "China needs us and we
For, while the armies of Chiang Kai-shek
fight on, the more men, guns, planes and tanks
the Jap must pour into China to protect his
holdings, the fewer, men and weapons he can
deploy against us. The program of the United
China Relief in providing aid to the millions who
have lost eve'ything but their honor helps to
maintain the Chinese armies on the fighting
fronts and hastens the day of the eventual
E IN AMERICA are accustomned to express-
ing our friendship for China through our
support of charitable organizations. But is this
manner of friendship a one-sided proposition?
On the contrary, it is entirely mutual, though
the fact is little known. Back in 1918 China
was asked to raise $100,000 for the United States
War Work Fund; but China gave instead $1,425,-
000-over 14 times her quota. Again, in 1937,
after the Ohio and Mississippi floods, the people
of China voluntarily raised more money for the
relief of our flood victims than any other coun-
try except Canada.
Thus, as China struggles for t he fourth year
to protect the good earth against tyranny in the
face of grin privation, United China Reiel he-
comes both a gesture of mutual friendship and
an act vital to the defense of America,
- Clayton Dickey
TO T HE EDITORI
To the Editor:
Now that tll Sig: aie lip on l (cmpus
grounds, I believe pit up by Alpha Phi Omega,
we know that spring is here. Isn't somjethiing
0 They Also Serve
By TOM THUMB
HAVE HAD numerous inquiries about my
forthcoming novel, "They Also Serve Who
Only," and now, at long last, I am able to reveal
the good news that it is complete.
As yet the date of publication is uncertain,
but a publisher has been located. The book will
be published by a local concern, Tom Thumb
Spicy Publications, Inc., publishers of Gruesome
Comics, Horrible Comics, Sudden Death Comics
and Ghoulish Funnies. The illustrations and
title page will be by the author.
Because I realize that the groat public is
anxious to read this monumental work and has
no patience with the details of printing delays,
I feel it only my duty to print in this column
from time to time excerpts from this great
American work. Although the continuity will
be partially lost, the value to American letters
as a new trend in writing will be a permanent
contribution to our civilization.
Because most of you dopes start a novel by
looking at the ending, I shall start the series of
excerpts from "They Also Serve Who Only" with
the concluding chapter. "
The deep, dank, dark blackness of the night
was scarcely visible through the webbing of bare
branches that formed a lacy frame for the deep,
dank, dark blackness of the night.
Lucy glabbed his hand. "Oh, Wilberforce,
I'm so proud! I'm so proud of you,"
Wilberforce grabbed her hand. "Oh, Lucy, it
was but my duty."
Lucy grabbed his hand. "Oh, Wilberforce, to
think that your blackberry preserves won the
award at the county fair!"
Lucy looked down toward her deep, dank, dark
feet. She could scarcely make out the deep,
dank, dark figure of Wilberforce. She kneeled
at his side.
"Oh, Wilberforce, Wilberforce!" her scream
chopped a rectangular hole in the night. "Wil-
berforce, are you all right?" She felt his fore-
head. It was cold, deep, dark and dank. Wilber-
force was dead.
Lucy reached into his pocket and removed his
wallet. "23, 24, 25, 26 cents," she counted.
She tied it tightly into her handkerchief anc
heaved a deep, dark, dank sigh. She gazed into
the deep, dank, dark distance.
"Oh, well," she sighed. slinging her pick over
her shoulder, "there's always tomorrow."
The first glint of purple dawn shone over the
deep, dank, dark horizon.
WASHINGTON-It looks as if the President
will have to give Postmaster General Frank
Walker the same dose of personal prodding that
finally snapped Attorney General Francis Biddle
out of his moon-gazing lethargy and started him
criacking downi on sedi tot s operaIors.
A venieious f10o(d of Axis proaandla is daily
going through the mails. It is no secret. Walker
knows all about iR. For weeks he has been
bombarded with complaints fron outraged citi-
zens demanding that this subversive activity be
The Postal Inspection Service knows all about
it. The oldest and one of the most efficient
sleuthing agencies in the government, the In-
spection Service, is itching to move in.
[ut wit oi'ne exception, Walker h as (on!
nothingo The exceIation was The Ga lilea ii, a
iublica fi puit out by William Dudley Peiley-
Silver Shirt leade' recently arrested by the FBI
oi charges of sedition. Th e paper finally was
barred from the mails. but only after st rong
official press uire on Walker.
But the several inumdred otlwr seditious pub-
lications contine to have free ar'ess to t le U. S.
mails to spread their viciousi5gpro-.axis lies and
Among the worst of them are a number of
foreign language papers edited by alien Fascists,
who are under investigation by the FBI. If he
needed any informalion on thuem, Walker could
get it in a few in uites by a clepi ionie call to the
.Ju iti e TDCI ;) 'f mn tt. tIv wo hiok:cksfdown Penrusyl-
vatis) /aAvenue Irmui Ii ii g' ,otate +r'off Ice(
Iait 0 (a t( Waker hasn' lone a thiig to
h alfthis sinister flood of enmy propaganda.
During the World War not only were such
publications barred from the mails but the Post
Office Department obtained the willink coopera-
tion of express companies to refuse to carry any
matter banned by the Department.
Walker is one of the most genial officials in
Washington. But he is not noted for either ini-
tiative or forcefulness. He never does anything
that might disturb the peace of his easy-going
daily routine of running a government depart-
ment that runs itself.
On the insistecli('e of hi: doctor, Felicra I WoIks
adminidrator Phili PlilnI went to Poniida ,to
(Continued from Page 2)
who find it necessary to make a trip
may inquire there as to the possi-
bility of riding with others. Waste
LaVerne Noyes Scholarships: Pre-
sent holders of these scholarships
who desire to apply for renewals for
1942-43 should call at 1021 Angell
Hall and fill out the blank forms for
application for renewal.
Frank E. Robbins
To Students Whose Fathers are
Rotarians: Each year the Ann Arbor
Rotary Club gives a luncheon to the
students whose fathers are members
of Rotary International. The 1942
meeting will be held at the Michi-
gan Union on Wednesday, April 29,
at twelve noon. To make certain
that all sons and daughters of Ro-
tarians receive invitations, we ask
that every such student now enrolled
in the University leave his or her
name, and Ann Arbor address, with
Miss Velma Louckes, Room 4, Uni-
versity Hall, as soon as possible.
Ann Arbor Rotary Club,
Samuel T. Dana, President.
Men's Residence halls: Reappli-
cation blanks for the Men's Resi-
dence Halls are now available in the
Office of the Dean of Students. Re-
application for the Summer Term or
the Fall and Spring Terms will be
due on or before May 1.
Admission to School of Business
Administration: Applications for ad-
mission to this School for the Sum-
mer Term must be filed not later
than May 1 by candidates for the
B.B.A. degree. Applications for ad-
mission under combined curriculum
must be filed not later than April
20, in the College of Literature, Sci-
ence, and the Arts. Application
blanks and information regarding the
B.B.A. program available in Room
108 Tappan Hall.
Important Federal Civil Service
Examinations: Junior Professional
Assistant, $2,000. Closing date April
27-open to all college seniors gradu-
ated by July 1, 1942, and to all col-
lege graduates. Eligibles are partic-
ularly desired in Public Administra-
tion, Business Analysis, Economics,
Home Economics, Library Science,
and Mathematics through calculus.
This is the examination which Dr.
O'Rou ke of the Civil Service Com-'
miTi n mentioned when he was on1
the campus recently.
Junior Stenographer, $1,440: Dic-
tation at 96 words per minute. Seniort
Stenographer positions at $1,620 may
1i15( be filled from this list.
Junior Typist, $1,260. No experi-
ence required for Typist or Stenogra-
Junior Calculating Machine Oper-
:tor, $1,440. Closing date May 26.
Architect, $2,000 to $3,200.
Student Nurse, $288 plus mainten-
ance, in Washington only. Closing
date May 13.1
Notices giving complete require-
nents are on file at the University1
Bureau of Appointments, 201 MasonR
Hall; office hours 9-12 and 2-4.
Some of these files may be closed1
sooner than the date given if an
excessive number of applications is
received; therefore promptness in fil-
ing will be an advantage.
University Bureau of Appointments
aid Occupational Information
Pre-Medical Stuots: Attention
is caled to the Medical Apti tude
'Test of the Association of American
IMedical Colleges which is to be given
here on Friday, April 24. This test is'
a normal requirement for admission
to practically all medical schools.
Since it is given only once a year,
all students who expect to apply- for
adimission Ito a medica ischool in
the S('l year of 194:-1944, and
who h av( ,o, 1aken Ihe exami iO
l~rev itely. Slotilrt fi akt' ii. , at his
time T h. ''l' lie M di ';al Sc l iol oi l 1 the
University of Michigan especially
urges all students planning to apply
for admission during 1943-1944 to
write the examination.
Fu rther in formation may be ob-
tained in Room 4 University hall,
and tickets should be purchased im -
mediately at the Cashier's Office.
Carillon Recital: Fren ci and
French-Cainmad ian i misic will make up
the carillov rec'it~al for Thursday,
April 16, at 7.:15 -1:008 pm. Percival
Price, 11mniversi tiy C'a rilloineur, has
hiIanncct hclie protr}milt to include songs
which are reportd as being sung to-
clay by the Red Army and by Free
French forces. Harpsichord pieces
with a descriptive element, French
folk songs, and two compositions by
Claude Debussy will also be played.
Exhibition: Museum of Art and
Al-chaeology, The Maud Ledyard von
Ketteler Collection of the University
of Michigan, Rackhami Galleries,
Ajit'i 1 9-22. 1 'll i S 2m d a ' iin rtIb pm
.---- --- ..-.--
~. - Y. 10
"What!--you actually sold a bed off the floor? Do you realize
how much money you lost the store?"
.L pS .E
University Lecture: Dr. Luis Alber-
to Sanchez, Professor of American
and Peruvian Literature in the Uni-
versity of San Marcos, Lima, Peru,
will lecture on the subject, "La Tra-
dicion y la Raza en la Literature His-
pano-Americana," under the auspices
of the Department of Romance Lan-
guages, at 4:15 p.m. on Friday, April
17, in the Rackham Amphitheater.
The public is cordially invited.
Henry Russel Lecture: Dr. Wil-
liam H. Worrell, Professor of Semi-
tics, will give the Henry Russel Lec-
ture on the subject, "An Account of
the Copts from Coptic Sources" on
Tuesday, April 28. at 4:15 p.m. in the
Rackham Amphitheater. Atnthis
time public announcement of the
Henry Russel Award will be made.
The public is cordially invited.
Civilian Protection Lecture Course:
Col. Owen J. Cleary, State Chief Air
Raid Warden, will deliver the second
lecture in the course, "Mutual Re-
sponsibilities of Air Raid Wardens
and Citizens," in Hill Auditorium at
8:00 p.m., Thursday, April 16. The
general public, as well as University
students and staff members, is urged
The Anatomy Research Club will,
meet today at 4:30 p.m. in Room
2501 East Medical Bldg.
Mr. N. B. Everett will present a
paper entitled: "Observational and
Experimental Evidence Relating to
the Origin and Differentiation of
Germ Cells in Mice."
Tea will be served in Room 3502
from 4:00 to 4:30 p.m. All interested
are cordially invited.
Junior Mathematics Society will
meet tonight at 8:00 in 3201 A.H.
Mr. Richard Frankel will talk on
"Advanced Plane Geometry." Re-
German Club will meet tonight at
8:00 in the lounge of the Women's
Athletic Building. There will be
folk-dancing under the direction of
Mrs. W. Striedieck, and singing. All
interested are invited.
Alpha Phi Omega will meet tonight
at 7:30 in the Michigan Union. Be-
sides the report on the Swing Con-
cert, there will be an election of offi-
'ers for the next term. Every mem-
ber should attend
''lhe Cercle Francais will meet to-
night at 8:00 at the Michigan League.
All members are urged to attend.
Polonia. Society will meet this eve-
ning at 7:30 in the recreation room
of the International Center.
Phi Delta Kappa membership
meetings will be held tonight and
Friday evening at 7:30 in the Rack-
ham Building, West Council Room.
The Friday meeting will include some
Wotemei's Archery Club will meet
at 4:15 patm, today in the small
loune of the Women's Athletic
Frank Meyers, of the Chicago
Workers School, will speak tonight
at 8:30 on "America's Fifth Column"
in Room D, Haven Hall. Sponsored
by Karl Marx Society.
Program of Recorded Music, In-
ternational Center. The program
will be cancelled for today because
of the Al Thaqafa Reception.
German Roundtable, International
Center. The German Roundtable,
which usually meets at 9:00 p.m. on
Wednesdays, will be cancelled tonight
.- .., . a. .eic A .n. Den , iI
ation of discussion on Zionism, group
singing, and dancing. Bring full
Psychological Journal Club: Mr.
Robert Waldrop will discuss "Prob-
lems Involved in Constitutional Stud-
ies," on Thursday, April 16, at 7:30
p.m. in the East Conference Room
of the Rackham Building. Refresh-
ments will be served. All who are
interested are cordially invited.
La Sociedad Hispanica Conversa-
tion Group will meet Thursday, April
16, at 8:00 p.m. in the League. All
students interested in oral practice
are urged to attend. See Bulletin
in League for room number.
University Glee Club Concert: The
International Center offers the Uni-
versity Glee Club for its final Sunday
Evening Program on Sunday, April
19, at 8:00 p.m. in the Ballroom of
the Michigan Union.
Varsity Glee Club: Regular rehear-
sal Thursday night. All members
should bring flashlights if possible.
Sigma Eta Chi, Congregational
Church sorority, announces the in-
stallation of its officers for the year
1942-1943 at Pilgrim Hall on Thurs-
day,.April 9. The first event of the
current year will be the presentation
of the Luchnokaia Service, a candle-
light service open to the public, on
Sunday, April 19, in the Congrega-
The Annual French Play: Le Cercle
Francais will present "La Belle Aven-
ture," a comedy in three acts by de
Caillavet, de Flers and Rey, on Wed-
nesday, April 29, at 8:30 p.m., in the
Lydia Mendelssohn Theater. A spe-
cial edition of the play has been re-
printed for the occasion.
A Mortar Board meeting
and new members will be
7:15 p.m. Thursday, April
the Undergraduate Office
Assembly Council will meet at 5:00
p.m. on Thursday in the Council
Room of the Undergradaute Office.
Please be on time.
The Post-War Conference will open
Friday, April." 17 in the Rackham
Auditorium with keynote speeches by
President Ruthven, Professor McMa-
hon of Notre Dame, and Professor
Kingsley of Antioch College.
Saturday at 2:30 p.m. in the Union
there will be student discussion panels
on various phases of post war re-
construction. The public is invited.
Students: The recreational - leader-
ship course for women will meet in
Barbour Gymnasium instead of the
Women's Athletic Buildingdat 3:20
p.m. on Friday, April 17.
Ushering Committee for Theater
Arts: Ushers are needed for the Art
Cinema League movie, "The Man
Who Seeks the Truth," being given
April 16, 17, and 18. The sign-up
sheet is posted on the bulletin board
in the Undergraduate Office of the
League. Please sign up as soon as
Public Health Party: All students
in the School of Public Health and
their guests are invited to attend the
Public Health Party on Friday, April
17, at 8:30 p.m. in the Assembly
Hall of the Rackham Building. There
will be games, dancing and refresh-
Swimming-Women Students: The
Union Pool is open for women stu-
dents on Tuesday and Thursday eve-
nings from 7:30 to 9:30.