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April 14, 1942 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1942-04-14

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Weather

"All's Fahrenheit
and War."

it 43&I

iai

Editorial

India's Refusal Is
Severe Allied Loss . .

VOL. LII. No. 144 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN TUESDAY, APRIL 14, 1942 Z-323

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Japanese
Get Stern
Warning
Russians Demand Strict
Neutrality In Siberia
On Part OfNipponese
British Squadrons
Strike At Continent
KUIBYSHEV, Russia, April 13.-
(A)-Mighty Russia, with hundreds'of
deadly bombers and submarines 680
miles from Tokyo, sternly warned
Japan today to observe strictly their
year-old neutrality pact despite the
"blabbering" of Japanese military
leaders about a war in Soviet Siberia.
"It is necessary that Japanese mili-
tary and fascist cliques, whose heads
have been turned by military success-
es, to realize that their blabbering
about an annexationist war in the
north may cause damage in the first
place and most of all to Japan her-
self," the official Communist news-
paper Pravda said in a prominent
editorial.
"If the Japanese side strictly ob-
serves the undertakings she assumed,
the Soviet-Japanese neutrality pact
will preserve its importance for the
people of both countries even in the
present complicated international
situation."
Pravda's blunt admonition to Ger-'
many's oriental Axis partner was
made on the anniversary of the his-
torical accord.
The editorial cited numerous cases
of Japanese aggression in which
treaties with the United States,
China and Great Britain ' were
flaun ted.
"On Dec. 7, '1941, Japanese troops
suddenly attacked naval bases of the
United States and Great Britain and
war broke out in the Pacific," Pravda
said pointedly.
The article noted also that "Japa-
nese intervention in the Far East
with the occupation of northern Sak-
hain (in 198), the seizure of Man-
churia, and the Vents SdIet-Jap
nese border clashes) at Khassan Lake
and in the area of Khalkhingol Riv-
er" previously had put Soviet-Japa-
nese relations "to very serious trials."
British Air Offensive
Blasts Italy, Germany
(By The Associated Press)
LONDON, April 13.-In one of the
most prolonged and violentsaerial of-
fensives of recent months, British
warplanes struck in uncounted num-
bers tod y at Nazi-occupied France
following up dusk-to-dawn bombing
raids from Turin in Italy to the Ger-
man war plant in the industrial
Ruhr.
The English Coast vibrated during
the afternoon with the high drum-
ming of fighter planes crossing the
Channel toward France against only
weak enemy opposition, and incom-
plete official information indicated
that a great pattern of destruction
had been spread overnight.
Ruthven Declares
Japs From Coast
Unwelcome Here
The University of Michigan, its
President said yesterday, does not
want to enroll students of Japanese
blood who have been evacuated from
the West Coast.

Refuting a Sunday Seattle, Wash.,
news story listing the University as
one of nine inland institutions which
had agreed to accept Japanese stu-
dent evacuees, Dr. Alexander G.
Ruthven asserted that none has been
granted admission to study here.
Nearly two weeks ago President
Ruthven received correspondence
from Prof. Robert W. O'Brien of the
University of Washington, inquiring
if the University would open its doors
to Japanese students. The matter
was discussed by the Deans' Confer-
ence but it was reported that no
specific stand was taken although
some of the Deans expressed disap-
proval.
The President's full reply yester-
day stated that "The newspaper re-
port that the University of Michigan
has agreed with West Coast institu-
tions to accept students of Japanese
blood from the evacuated areas is
incorrect. It is the policy of the Uni-
versity to discourage such students
from seeking admission here."

To Head SRA

CONSTANCE TABER
* * *
Miss Taber Is
New President
Of Association
Six Committee Chairmen
Also Named In Election
Of New SRA Officers
Constance Taber, '44, was elected
chairman of the executive committee
of the Student Religious Association
in the Association's annual election
of officers for the '42-'43 school year.
Others chosen to fill the offices of
the committee were John Baker, '44,
Religious Study; Sue Stephenson, '44,
Social Service; Liese Price, '43, Re-
ligious Arts; Norman Schwartz, '44,
Campus Relations; Gregor Hileman,
'44, Publicity, and Dorothy Briddon,
'43, Cooperation.
Miss Taber is from New York City,
a member of Alpha Lambda Delta,
freshman women's honorary soci-
ety and is an active member of Le
Cercle Francais. She replaces Wil-
liam Clark, '42, as committee chair-
man.
The newly elected members will
take their positions immediately, with
the retiring officers remaining on
the committee in an advisory capa-
city until the end of the semester.
These retiring officers, named in
the same order as those who will re-
place them are Clark, Urie Bronten-
brenner, Grad., Dorothy Briddon,
Ruth Fritz, '42SM. Frank Bender,
'43, Elroy Andrews, '43, and Jean
Westerman, '42..
The SRA is the center, on campus,
for all those students who are inter-
ested in religious matters and activi-
ties. It is the duty of the executive
committee to direct all such activities
sponsored by the SRA and to assume
administration of Lane Hall, the
Association's building.
Daring Thieves Steal
Officer's Squad Car
Just between you and us, this is a
touchy subjct with the Ann Arbor
Police Department.
At about 11 p.m. an unidentified
person called the police station and
said they needed help with an unruly
drunk in the Jefferson Apartments,
corner Jefferson and Maynard
streets.
Officer John Wagner answered the
call, drove up to the building in haste
and rushed inside. He came out a
few minutes later to find that some-
body had taken his automobile, lav-
ishly bedecked with siren, lights,
radio aerial et al.
State police later found the aban-
doned vehicle in Ypsilanti. 1

Dr. Fishbein
Claims U.S.
Is Prepared
American Medicine Equal
To Government Needs
Till End 01Emegency
Doctors To Receive
Questionnaire Soon
American medicine can answer ev-
ery call of the government satisfac-
torily in supplying physicians, treat-
ment and supplies to the armed
forces and the civilian population for
the duration of the emergency, Dr.
Morris Fishbein, editor of the Journal
of the American Medical Society, as-
serted in a public lecture last night.
Speaking on "American Medicine
and the War," Dr. Fishbein outlined
the steps taken by the American
Medical Society and other branches
of organized medicine in cooperation
with wartime governmental agencies
since the outset of the defense pro-
gram.
Questionnaire Planned
This week or next, he revealed,
every licensed physician in the United
States will receive a questionnaire
and enrollment blank covering 16
types of opportunity open to volun-
teers.
In addition to service in the
branches of the armed forces, full-
or part-time work in industrial medi-
cine, community health, and work in
institutions will be included on the
blanks, he explained.
The drafting of 28.000 doctors to
assist Selective Service inductions
consituted the first type of coopera-
tion with the government, he de-
clared. The present problem, he add-
ed, consists of supplying six and
one-half doctors for each thousand
men in the Army and Navy, a goal
that is rapidly being reached.
Procedure Is Standardized
Procedures have been standardized
for the treatment of all men in the
service, Dr. Fishbein explained, and
research in such fields as the sulpha
drugs, blood plasma and vitamins has
been accelerated to meet wartime
needs.
As an example of the strides al-
ready made, he stated in seven cases
of gas gangrene resulting from the
attack on Pearl Harbor, every one re-
covered through the use of recent
techniques and no amputations were
necessary.
S'Prankster' Fires
Bullet At Hillel
Crashing through a window and
embedding itself in the opposite
wall, a pellet from a .22 caliber
rifle or a high powered air gun,
missed Robert Warner, '43, as he
sat in the office of Hillel Founda-
tion at 9:26 p.m. yesterday.
Although Louise Comins, '45,
saw a car pull to a temporary halt
outside the window at the time of
the shooting, both Warner and
Sergt. Rolland Gainsley of the
Ann Arbor Police Department dis-
missed the case as the act of a
Iprankster.
The fact that the bullet missed
Warner by more than five feet,
the unusual nature of the pellet,
and recent cases of destroyed
street lights, contributed towards
the theory that there was no real
significance to the shooting. Pol-
ice believed the bullet had rico-
cheted through the window.

Corregidor
Repels Jap
Sea Thrust
Enemy' Bombs Miss Mark
As Anti-Aircraft Shells
Make Raiders Fly High
Nipponese Attempt
StrafingOf Island
WASHINGTON, April 13. -(P)-
Corregidor's gunners served notice
today of their readiness for a last
stand by smashing a Japanese inva-
sion fleet 'of small boats and forcing
air raiders to drop their bombs from
high altitudes.
An umbrella of anti-aircraft fire
from the beleaguered Philippine
fortress island kept swarming enemy
aircraft at such ieights, the War
Department reported, that 22 attacks
in the last two days inflicted "only
minor damage" to military installa-
tions.
Casualties occurred among the de-
fenders, but a communique failed to
specify losses in killed and wounded.
In 24 hours, the island was pounded
10 times, undergoing hammering
from waves of bombers reminiscent
of the punishment taken by besieged
Tobruk and by Malta.
Invasion Force Crippled
The invasion force crippled by
gunfire, which sank or set afire the
Japanese boats, was concentrated in
the harbor of the fishing village of
Mariveles, near the tip of the aban-
doned Bataan Peninsula.
Shelling was at a range of some six
miles, the shortest distance between
the island batteries and Mariveles.
Two other such fleets of small craft
concentrated on the south shore of
Manila Bay in preparation for as-
saults on the island fortifications
from the sea were smashed in recent
weeks.
Reporting these developments, Lt.-
Gen. Jonathan M. Wainwright failed
to lift uncertainty over the fate of
the island and city of Cebu, 375 miles
to the south, were an invasion force
estimated at 12,00 effectedand-
ings under the fire of warships on
Friday. For two days communica-
tion had been severed between Cor-
regidor and Cebu, General Wain-
wright explained.
Fate Unknown
There was likewise no word from
Corregidor concerning the fate of the
defenders of Bataan, although the
Japanese Imperial Headquarters an-
nounced at Tokyo that the peninsula
had been occupied completely.
Belatedly the War Department dis-
closed the loss of two freighters of
the Army Transport Service, the Lib-
arty and the Meigs.
The Liberty, twice hit by torpe-
does from an enemy submarine on
Jan. 11 when 12 miles off Bali in
the Netherlands Indies, was beached
and the 53 crew m-en and one passen-
ger were saved. They were rescued
by Dutch planes which flew them to
Soerbaja or Bali.
Petitioning To Open
For Student Senate
Positions Tomorrow
Streamlined and completely rebuilt
from the bottom up, Michigan's only
representative body will be opened to
the campus at large when petition-
ing for Student Senate posts begins
at 3 p.m. tomorrow in the Union.
Each petition for a ballot slot in
the April 24 election must be accom-

panied by 25 signatures, an eligibil-
ity card and a one dollar registra-
tion fee. Candidates may apply this
week and Monday between 3 p.m. and
5 p.m. by turning their petitions in
at Room 220, Union.
There are no qualifications of
class, gender, or affiliation in this
contest as the nine-member Senate
is chosen from the entire campus.
The election will be conducted under
the Hare system of proportional
representation.
Although the Senate has been in
existence six years, the group to be
elected in the forthcoming poll will
differ radically from its predeces-
sors. Past senates have contained
30 members, but a constitutional re-
vision adopted last month provides
for a policy making group of nine.
The Senate as now constituted will
be equipped with a separate adminis-
trative staff of its own, leaving the
nine elected representatives free to
perform their policy-making func-
tion.
In certain quarters this election
has been termed the "last stand" of

Powerful Jap

War

Masses In Bay Of Bengal;
Allies Pound At Rabaul

r 1

Revelli To Direct Varsity Band

I

Mrs.
In
Of

In Free Spring Concert Today
Harris To Be Soloist
First Performance
Husband's Concerto .

A guest soloist, a guest conductor
and a program with "enough variety
to satisfy even the most particular
critic" will be combined in the form
of a free concert at 8:30 p.m. today
when Prof. William D. Revelli con-
ducts the University Concert Band
in its annual spring performance in
Hill Auditorium.
Topping the list of attractions on
the evening's program will be the'
appearance of guest Johana Harris,
who will join the band as piano solo-
ist in presenting the world premiere
of the new "Concerto for Piano and
Band," written by her husband, Roy
Harris.
To Conduct Band
Here for the first public perform-
ance of his composition, Mr. Harris'
will also appear in the role of guest
conductor when he takes the podium
to conduct the band in another of
his new compositions, "When Johnny
Comes Marching Home."
Other equally recent compositions
which will be featured on the con-
cert's program will be "Newsreel" by
contemporary composer William
Schuman, "Guaracha" from Morton
Gould's Latin-American Symphon-
ette, andhGeorges Enesco's "Rou-
manian Rhapsody."
Marches Will Be Played
Although the accent will slightly
favor the music of contemporary
composers, a rousing program of mil-
itary marches is also planned, Pro-
fessor Revelli has announced, among
them John Phillip Sousa's stirring
"Stars and Stripes Forever."
From the so-called "classical" field,
the Band will draw "Overture to An-
acreon" by Cherubini for one of its
numbers, as well as Paul Dukas' "The
Sorcerer's Apprentice" and Padilla's
"El Relicario."
Emerson To Talk
On Wartime Health.
Dr. Haven Emerson, one of Ameri-
ca's outstanding medical figures, will
lecture on the subject, "PublictHealth
in Wartime" under the auspices of
the University War Board at 8 p.m.
today in the Rackham Lecture Hall.
All students, faculty members and
townspeople are invited to attend the
lecture, which is the third in a series
of five on issues arising out of the
present war.
Dr. Emerson was a colonel in the
U.S. Army Medical Corps during
World War I, and is now on leave
from Columbia University. A visiting
professor here, he is also a director
of the W. K. Kellogg Foundation,
Battle Creek.
There will be a meeting of the
Student Senate at 7:30 p.m. to-
day in the Union.

Fleet

r.

JOHANA HARRIS

United China
Relief Drive
Opens Here,
Ann Arbor's drive to raise $3,000
for heroic China rolled into action
yesterday as local United China Re-
lief campaign workers began per-
sonal solicitations and coins began
piling up in collection boxes on cam-
pus.
President Alexander, G. Ruthven,
honorary chairman of the Ann Arbor
campaign committee, in a special
statemen, listed three reasons for
support of the drive:
"China is a strong ally in our fight
to preserve the privilege of individual
development and self-realization.
"Americans, generally, have come
to have sincere admiration and sym-
pathy for the determined struggle
for freedom which the Chinese have
waged against great odds.
"We in Ann Arbor, having had the
privilege of knowing intimately gen-
erations of students from China, re-
alize how important it is to preserve
the culture of this great people."
The drive, which has a $7,000,000
goal nationally, has the four-fold
purpose of securing funds for relief
and rehabilitation in China, reassur-
ing the Chinese people of American
friendship and goodwill, acquainting
the American people with the nature
and significance of what is happen-
ing in China and unifying American
efforts in raising funds for aid to
the people who have fought the
Jap invader to a stand-still.
Because China has such vast re-
sources in manpower and raw ma-
terials, relief does not require im-
ported supplies, campaign officials
pointed out. Funds can be transfer-
red to China by radio or cable.

Harbor, Pivot Of Enemy
Lines Facing Australia,
Strafed In Allied Raid
British Lose Two
.Cruisers, Carrier
LONDON, April 13.-(P)-At least
three Japanese battleships, five air-
craft carriers, a number of heavy
and light cruisers and several flotillas
of destroyers are in the Bay of Ben-
gal at this moment, Prime Minister
Churchill told the House of Com-
mons today in a report which made
clear the stark and deadly peril of
India.
London observers quickly predict-
d that this mighty fleet soon would
support an invasion, probably by the
Japanese troops now smashing at the
British-Chinese defenses in Burma.
Disclosure of the operations of the
Japanese battleforce off India and
Ceylon, in strength far greater than
3ritons had guessed, came in the
Prime Minister's discussion of the
loss last week of the British cruisers
Dorsetshire and Cornwall and the
aircraft carrier Hermes-all victims
of planes from the Japanese carriers.
One of the Japanese battleships is
a 16-inch-gun vessel of the modern-
Jzed Nagato class, 32,720 tons,
Churchill disclosed.
When the Japanese four days later
struck at the British naval base of
Trincomalee every British fighter,
bomber and torpedo plane available
soared into battle, but near misses
on one Japanese carrier constituted
the only report of blows against the
enemy fleet, Churchill stated, and
added these bitter facts:
"But whether any damage was
done I have no knowledge. Practic-
lly all our aircraft- tak4ng part in
the attack (on the fleet) were
knocked out, or seriously damaged,
r became unserviceable."
Churchill noted that the Japanese
raiders suffered heavy aircraft losses
at both Colombo and Trincomalee,
but announced that British plane
osses, though less, were serious and
hat damage also was done to shore
establishments and ships in harbor.
Rabaul Is Attacked
13y Allied Air Arm
MELBOURNE, April 13.-(A')-Ra-
baul, pivot of the Japanese lodge-
ments in the southwest Pacific
islands facing Australia, bore the
brunt of weekend offensive opera-
tions by the Allied air arm and offi-
cial reports indicated today that an
enemy ship was damaged in harbor
there yesterday.
Australian observers have said that
this former capital of New Britain
is the base to knock out if the whole
2,400-mile island and sea front of the
enemy is to be collapsed.
The Sunday raid on Rabaul capped
weekend operations in which the base
already had been raided, along with
Koepang, in Dutch Timor; Lae in
New Guinea and Faisi in the Solo-
mon Islands. American flying fort-
resses figured prominently.
Reconnaissance reports apparent-
ly submitted following Saturday's
bombing and strafing of Rabaul and
a neighboring airdrome indicated the
presence of a particular Japanese
ship in harbor there. The circum-
stances-such as the ship's anti-air-
craft defenses-suggested that it was
a war vessel but reports made public
left it unclassified. Unofficial re-
ports said it was large.
57 Students Enter
Hopwood Contest
Fifty-seven University students
submitted 67 manuscripts yesterday
in the annual Avery and Jule Hop-
wood literary contest, as contrasted

with 53 contestants entering 70
scripts in last spring's contest.
In the major award division, open
to senior and graduate students, six
scripts wegre entered in the field of
drama, six in essay, nine in fiction
and three in poetry. Last year drama
rated seven; essay, two; fiction,
seven; and poetry, six.
Undergraduates competing for
minor awards entered eight scripts in
drama, seven in essav 23 in fiction.

U.S. Is Out For Blood:
Union To Register 'U' Students
In Newest Blood Donor Drive

By GEORGE SALLADE
Eyeing a goal of more than 1,000
registrants in its newest blood donor
drive, the Union will conduct regis-
tration of volunteers from 2 p.m. to
5:30 p.m. today through Friday in the
Union lobby.
Actual blood donations will be
taken from 1 p.m. to 5 p.m. Friday in
the Women's Athletic Building. The
purpose of the new drive is to get
all interested University students reg-
istered whether they are called for
a donation on Friday or not.
The United States Government is
now asking for thousands of units of
human blood a month to be used in
transfusions to save the lijes of sol-

ties, dormitories and cooperatives is
urged.
The Red Cross Blood Donor Service
is an answer to the pleas of the gov-
ernment. Through its service volun-
teer blood donors the nation over
have an opportunity to take a vital
part in the nation's war program.
The blood donation process itself
takes only a short time. Donors are
given orange juice before and sand-
wiches after the process is completed.
By the miracle of modern science
all blood donations are so treated
that the plasma or liquid content,
from which the white corpuscles have
been removed, may be dried and kept
indefinitely. The blood is thus ready
for emergency transfusion even in
the chaotic conditions of battle.

Ruthven, McMahon, Kingsley
To Address Post-War Meeting
By HOMER SWANDER in the movement to plan now for the
Keynoted by President Ruthven peace which is to come.
and tvo other nationally famous Co-author of the recent book,
speakers, the Michigan Post-War "Straty of Deocrc," Kin
Conference will begin with a general Strategy of Democracy, Kings-
Conference wl begin wida gneral Icy's talk here will consider some-
meeting at 8 p.m. Friday in the what the same subject. It is entitled
Rackham Auditorium and will con- "The Strategy of the War and the
tinue at 2 p.m. Saturday in the Peace."
Union with three discussion panels President Ruthven, also scheduled
on various phases of the post-war to speak at the conference, has long
problem, evidenced flis interest in obtaining
In addition to President Ruthven, a permanent peace after victory is
the trio of keynote speakers includes won. His talk will particularly con-
Dr. Francis McMahon, of Notre sider the part colleges and univer-
Dame University and chairman of sities should play in planning for the
the Indiana Fight For Freedom post-war period.
Committee, and Prof. J. Donald The following day-Saturday-stu-
Kingsley, member of the political dents will be given ample opportun-
science faculty at Antioch College ity to discuss their own ideas onpost-
and editor of the Antioch Review, war problems. The three panels
Dr. McMahon-who will speak on scheduled are:
"The Fight For Freedom"-was one 1. Can we establish world-wide

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