Ijr 3~t ig r tt
4 G 0
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CHIcAGO"* aoR + Los AnGELES * SAN FAANCISCO
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1941-42
WASHINGTON-It was with no joy in their
hearts that the politicos on Capitol Hill
went home this Easter.
To say they are scared is putting it mildly.
Most of them are literally scared stiff over voter
resentment at Congress. This state of blue funk
is particularly pronounced among the isola-
tionists. They had blocked fortifications at
Pearl Harbor and Guam, so they were left hang-
ing out on a liy which was bouhed off by the
Usually the boys are very eager to get away for
a nice long Easter recess. But this year the floor
leaders practically had to force a vacation on
them. The politicos know voters generally are
boiling mad and itching for a chance to get at
them, so they are trying tQ stave off facing their
constituents as long as possible.
Not in many years has there been such a widci-
spread undercurrent of disgust and hostilid'
toward Congress, particularly the House. In-
formed public pulse-feelers predict that the
elections this year will see the biggest turn-over
in the House since the anti-Hoover landslide in
1932. Further, the insiders say this holds true
for the Republicans as well as the Democrats.
It is claimed that the public is mad at the ins,
and whoever is in is in danger of getting
whacked. As most of the ins up for election ire
in the House, [he teaviest, ariage is likely to
Emile Qel .
Alvin Dann . ,
Gerald E. Burns
Janet Hooker .
Orace Miller. .
S.. Associate Editor
. . . .Associate Editor
,* . . Sports Editor
. . . . Women's Editor
Assistant Women's Editor
. . . . Exchange Editor
Daniel H. Huyett
James B. Collins
Associate Business Manager
. Women's Advertising Manager
Women's Business Manager
NIGHT EDITOR: CHARLES THATCHER
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
Pro ram Advocated
THE COLLEGE MAN may consider
himself lucky to be in college in
times like these. even though on uncertain ten-
ure. But in normal times as well it is actually
his good fortune to be there at all.
The fact is brought home vividly in a well-
known course on this campus-Economics 52. A
section of the course is devoted to the study of
the gross inequality of incomes in this country.
Statistics show that in the year 1929, our peak
prosperity year, 20 million families of two or
more persons, or more than 71 percent of all
American families. received incomes of less than
$2,500. Moreover, 50 percent of the families re-
ceived incomes of less than $1,700; 42 percent,
less than $1,500, and 21 percent, less than $1,000.
Thus the incomes of the great majority of Amer-
ican families were hardly sufficient to support a
minimum standard of health and decency, much
less a college education. While these figures are
not an accurate picture of inequality in other
years, because of excessive capital gains in 1929,
nevertheless, they are a picture of the general
situation regarding the distribution of income
and are a startling revelation in this most pros-
perous of the nations.
tHE BEARING of these figures on higher edu-
cation is described in a textbook used in Eco-
nomics 52--Current Economic Problems by Paul
F. Gemmill, of the University of Pennsylvania,
and Ralph H. Blodgett, of the University of
Illinois. Messrs. Gemmill and Blodgett cite fig-
ures compiled by government officials which
show that out of every 100 students in elemen-
tary schools, less -than 30 reach high school, and
only about ten enter college.
But, say the authors, "We have no intention
of suggesting that all students who fail to get to
high school or college are the victims of economic
inequality. As everyone knows, there are many
boys and girls who are so lacking in ability that
they simply cannot 'make the grade,' while oth-
ers detest mental exertion so heartily that they
insist on ending their formal education at the
earliest possible moment. The fact remains,
however. that education--even 'free' education-
is costly, and large numbers of boys and girls
with good minds and abundaht ambition are
forced by economic necessity to get along with-
"THE oft repeated statement," Geinmill and
Blodgett continue, "that anyone who' has
ability and really wants a college education can
get it, is simply not true. It is a bit of pleasant
palaver, comparable to the saying that every boy
has a chance to be President. The fact is that
an ambitious young man may be prevented from
going to college or professional school by the
absence of a high school training, which was
rendered impossible by the necessity of con-
tributing to the family budget in early youth; he
may lack the unusual physical stamina that is
needed to pursue college studies and earn a liv-
ing at the same time; and may even find it nec-
essary to help to support his family while paying
his own expenses and carrying his college work.
Obstacles such as these may easily be insur-
mountable even for exceptionally able young
men. They are difficulties such as the well-
to-do and the wealthy seldom have to face. As a
mnnseomane of inenalitics in income, the en-
BEING the majority party the Democrats feel
they are ins in a double sense and therefore
doubly in danger. (They are not far wrong,)
So behind the scenes the boys have been bom-
barding the Democratic National Committee and
the Democratic Congressional Campaign Com-
mittee with worried demands that they get busy
and start stoking the campaign fires. As a re-
sult National Committee moguls have shown
some signs of life, but the Congressional Com-
mittee continues to be comatose.
This is nothing new for the Congressional
Committee. It has been in that supine state
since Representative Patrick H. Drewry, dawdl-
ing Old Guard Virginian, was made chairman
four years ago.
Just why he got the job is a mystery. He is
one of the most inefficient campaign managers
either party has had in years. In the cloak-
rooms some of the disgusted younger Democrats
refer to him as "Heaven's gift to the GOP."
IN the 1940 Dattle, Drewry was so ineffectual
that in the final weeks when it looked as if
the Democrats might lose the House, party chiefs
belatedly shelved him and rushed Representative
Lyndon Johnson, hard-hitting young Texas New
Dealer, into the breech. In two weeks, Johnson
raised nearly $100,000 and in a brilliant last-lap
finish carried the House by a big margin for the
No Oil To Franco
Although not announced officially, the State
Department has just taken an unusual stand-
for it. It has vetoed a trade proposal of Spanish
Dictator Franco, whom Mr. Hull's young men
helped put into office.
The proposal was made by a Spanish trade
mission sent to Washington by Gen. Franco to
buy oil. The sale of oil has been something U. S.
Ambassador Weddell has been pleading for dur-
ing his present visit in Washington. So finally
the State Department told the Spanish Fascists
that they could have the oil if U. S. observers
could be stationed in Spain when the tankers
arrived in order to check its distribution inside
The State Department wanted to make sure
that all the oil went to bonafide Spanish con-
sumers, not to oil-hungry Hitler.
However, the Spanish trade mission, after
consultation with Franco, said Spain could not
countenance American observers.
So last week Acting Secretary of State Welles
informed Spanish Ambassador "Jock" Cardenas
that there would be no trade agreement with
Franco. He did not say so, but it was suspected
that Hitler's agents in Madrid might have had
something to do with refusing to have U. S. ob-
servers inspect oil distribution.
Note-Sumnner Welles never has been too keen
on cooperation with Gen. Franco. Secretary
[lull, still on vacation, ha been more cooperative.
tractive goal toward which to strive, but it brings
so great an inequality of educational opportunity
as to make advancement for the masses highly
A profound inquiry into a fundamental prob-
lem-and a disheartening one-is the inescap-
able conclusion drawn from Gemmill and Blodg-
ett's description of economic inequality and edu-
cation. Under it such ringing words of history
as "Right of pursuit of happiness" and "Equal
opportunity for all" become empty and meaning-
less, mere hollow phrases.
W HAT is to be done about it? Equality of op-
portunity must be made more a fact through
a greater degree of equality of income than ex-
ists at present. How this will be accomplished,
only time and politics will determine. In the
meantime, it seems to us, education itself can do
much to increase its availability to ever greater
numbers of the people. We submit that the two-
year Bachelor of Arts degree is a progressive
sten in this direction. It does not offer the
W E date this Easter day from the birth of an
obscure Jew. That man built no temple,
ruled no province, invented no machine, and
never knew what we call greatness. Writers like
Fitchett, Brooks and Carlyle have grown elo-
quent about the fact that lie never traveled be-
yond a few counties, never wrote a book, never
held a professorship, never commanded a com-
pany, never owned a home.
He did have a wandering seminar but his stu-
dents were unprepared for college, and they
deserted him when displeased clergy combined
with offended rulers to stop his lessons. He suf-
fered trial and died as a criminal within the
Roman Empire. Yet every letter in the vast
correspondence of lundreds of millions and ev-
ery official document of various nations is dated
from the birth of that unique man. It is ac-
cording to his place in history that the epocls
and the centuries are numbered.
The calendar did not begin with this date. It
was five hundred years after that Jew's death,
long after most of us would have been forgotten
that this usage began. The Roman Empire
had crumpled. This man whose followers left
off fighting, whose devotees were religious fanat-
ics seeking to be faithful to the ideal Kingdom
of Heaven and whose farthest aim would have
been to attain fame of this sort became central.
How could the significance of his name have
outrun the world-famous conquerors to supplant.
the custom of dating from the tax-period? Why
has mankind followed the style of an obscure
Christian abbot named Dionysius Exiguus who
in AD 537 began to date his Easter lessons "ad
ERE is a riddle with which the unbelievers
have wrestled in vain and the believers as
completely have failed to solve. One theory lhas it
that the later prophetic thinkers had combined
power and right as the meaningful motives of
mankind and that in the resurrection Jesus had
released a supernatural grace to man. Hence,
Christianity, having rooted itself effectively in
Jewish tradition and in God's wisdom, became
at once the fullest possible theory of life. It is
against that explanation of Jesus' sufficiency in
part that the wizard of this bloody decade, Adolf
Hitler, is fighting today. It appears that the
Shintoists in engines of death plan to meet the
Teutonic fighters in the Holy Land east of the
Mediterranean at approximately the place where
that unique peasant was born. In that tiny
country Jesus Christ lived so well that in his
death history attained a spiritual interpretation.
-Edward W. Blakeman,
Counselor in Religious Education
*Tom Thumb As
We know Him
By TOM THUMB
(Today's column consists of excerpts from the
forthcoming biography, °Tom Thumb As We Know
Him," by his brothers. Mickey. 18, and Arthur, 16.
Any resemblance to truth is purely coincidental)
FOR AN ENTIRE TEAR the city of Ann Arbor
has been subjected to the poisoned pen of
one Tom Thumb. As his brothers we beliece that
we are qualified to present the lowdown on the
personality that pushes this pen, and by citing
various incidents in his career we will attempt
toshow how his character has degenerated to its
present low ebb.
Thomas was as good a cild as any mother
could wish for. In fact, until he attained the age
of five, he was never known to beat his grand-
mother. But at that age his noble character
started on its way to destruction. The first
incident that is remembered by his biographers
occurred when he took his brother Mickey be-
hind the kitchen door and fed him what he
(Thomas) called "chicken candy." When Mickey
grew ill anl hovered near death, Thomas con-
fesseid to the police that the product was ordi-
nary tan shoe polish.
WE RECALL one warm summer evening (after
Thomas had returned from reform school)
when he was sitting with his brothels in the
back yard demonstrating some of the clever
pranks he had learned from his friends while
away. He left the yard and returned shortly
with a white hot 50-cent piece, which he held on
a piece of asbestos. As a. kind gest are lie offered
it to his brother Arthur, who l refused it. Thomas.
deeply blurt because his little prank had appar-
ently failed, decided to present the coin in a
more imperative manner. Ile pressed it firmly
upon his 'rothers' belly slightly to the left and
one inch above the navel.
There was a sizzling and the smell of burning
flesh as little Thomas jumped with glee. To this
day the imprint of the liberty eagle can be clearly
discerned o'n Arthur's belly, although it has
grown to silver dollar size.
Another pertinent incident demonstrating the
disintegration of Tom Thunb's character hap-
pened not long after this. Thomas, wishing to
determine the reaction of a young person to a
blow on the skull, attempted to knock a hat from
the head of his brother Mickey with a ten-
pound cast-iron statuette of Ludwig von Bee-
thoven. He wound up with a mighty swing and,
as he expected, missed the hat but not the head.
It was two weeks before they had completely
removed Mickey from the parlor rug, not to men-
tion Ludwig von Beethoven. Were it not for
the wonders of modern medical science he would
not be living to co-author this biography.
Because the incident permanently altered the
shape of iekey's head, he has constantly been
w. . y Y... _,"re nr-- _ , n s e x - r anl rn l :ic .
(Continued from Page 3)
30, your degree or certificate may not
be awarded until next fall.
Candidates for degrees or certifi-
cates may fill out cards at once at
the office of the .secretary or record-
er of their own school or college (stu-
dents enrolled in the College of Lit-
erature, Science, and the Arts, School
of Music, School of Education, and
School of Public Health, please note
that application blanks may be ob-
tained and filed in the Registrar's
Office, Room 4, University Hall).
Please do not delay until the last
day, as more than 2500 diplomas and
cettificates must be lettered, signed,
and sealed and we shall be greatly
helped in this work by the early fil-
ing of applications and the resulting
longer period for preparation.
The filing of these applications
does not involve the payment of any
Shirley W. Smith
Staff Travel by Automobile: As a
measure of economy it is requested
that faculty and staff members who l
have occasion to travel on Univer-
sity business by personally owned or
University owned automobile report
their plans in advance to the office
of Dr. Frank E. Robbins, Assistant to
the President (Campus telephone
328), in order that, when feasible,
persons going to the same place at
the same time may ride in the same
car and save both tires and expense.
A record of such plans will be kept
in the President's Office, and those
who finld it necessary to make a trip
may inquire there as to the poSs-
bility of riding with others. Waste
The Student War Board has been
established to coordinate all student
activities directed toward the fur-'
therance of the war effort; and in
pursuance of this aim, it set up the
1) All organizations ae required
to submit to this board, in room1009
Angell Hall, a report of current ac-
tivities in relation to war efforts, by
April 9, 1942.
2) Henceforth, all organizations
who are planning such projects
should have the permission of this
committee before taking action.
To the Members of the Faculty of
the College of Literature, Science,
and the Arts: The sixth regular meet-
ing of the Faculty of the College of
Literature, Science, and the Arts for
the academic session of 1941-1942
will be held in Room 1025 Angell
Hall, on Monday, April 6, at 4:10
1. Consideration of the minutes
of the meetings of February 25th,
1942 (pp. 808-815), and of March
2nd, 1942 (pp. 815-824), which were
distributed by campus mail.
2. Memorial: J. E. Reighard. Com-
mittee: Peter Okkelberg, J. F. Shep-
ard, and G. R. La Rue, Chairman.
3. Consideration of reports submit-
ted with the call to the meeting:
a. Executive Committee, Professor
H. H. Barlett.
b. University Council, Associate
Professor N. E. Nelson.
c. Executive Board of the Gradu-
ate School, Professor Z. C. Dickin-
d. Senate Advisory Committee on
University Affairs, Professor Camp-
e. Deans' Conference, Dean E. H.
4. Dates of faculty meetings.
5. New business.
Certificate of Eligibility: At the be-
ginning of each semester and sum-
mer session every student shall be
conclusively presumed to be ineligible
for any public activity until his eli-
gibility is affirmatively established
by obtaining from the Chairman of
the Committee on Student Affairs, in
the Office of the Dean of Students, a
Certificate of Eligibility.
Before permitting any students to
participate in a public activity, the
chairman or manager of such activ-
ity shall (a) require each applicant
to present a certificate of eligibility,
(b) sign his initials on the back of
such certificate, and (c) file with the
Chairman of the Committee on Stu-
dent Affairs the names of all those
who have presented certificates of
eligibility and a signed statement to
exclude all others from participation.
Blanks for the chairmen's lists may
be obtained in the Office of the Dean'
Juniors in the Engineering College,
Chemistry Department, and School
of Business Administration: The
Proctor &z Gamble Company, Ivory-
dale, Ohio, will give a test to inter-
ested students in the above groups
on Thursday, April 9, in Room 348
West Engineering Building, starting
at 4:00 p.m. Student unable to report
at 4 q'clock may start any time up to
5 o'clock. The test will occupy from
one and one-half to two hours' time.
To Students Whose Fathers are
Rotarians: Each year the Ann Arbor
Rotary Club gives a luncheon to the
students whose fathers are members
of Rotary International. The 1942
meeting will be held at the Michi-
gan Union on Wednesday. April 29
that all sons and daughters of Ro-
tarians receive invitations, we as
that every such student now enrolled
in the University leave his or her
name, and Ann Arbor address, with
Miss Velma Louckes, Room 4, Uni-
versity Hall, as soon as possible.
Ann Arbor Rotary Club,
Samuel T. Dana, President
All University building wardens and
other University employees who have
volunteered for the University civilian
defense organization are urged to at-
tend the course of Civilian Protec-
tion lectures which begins in Hill
Auditorium, Monday, April 6, at 8:00
p.m., with an address on "The Nature
and Purpose of Civilian Defense" by
Major W. A. Brewer, of the National
Office of Civilian Defense in Wash-
Edward C. Pardon, Co-Chairman
University Committee on Plant and
W ,,) 94 Chicago iIn, uc. -
- '~" t1 b Pat, Off. All ts. Res, --~ *
"Our super race shall eat well, my leaders! After two years' intensive
study of the termite, I have found a way to make wood edible!"
GRIN AND BEAR IT
Admission to School of Business6
Administration: Applications for ad-
mission to this School for the Sum-c
mer Term must be filed not later
than May 1 by candidates for the
B.B.A. degree. Applications for ad-
mission under combined curriculum
must be filed not later than April
20, in the College of Literature, Sci-8
ence, and the Arts. Application I
blanks and information regarding the
B.B.A. program available in Roomr
108 Tappan Hall.
LaVerne Noyes Scholarships: Pre-r
sent holders of these scholarships f
who desire to apply for renewals forc
1942-43 should call at 1021 Angell t
Hall and fill out the blank forms for
application for renewal.
Frank E. Robbins
German Table for Faculty Mem-
bers will meet Monday at 12:10 p.m. I
in the Founders' Room Michigan1
Union. Members of all departmentst
are cordially invited. There will be
a brief talk on "Der Bauch der japan-t
ischen Sprache," by Mr. Otto Laporte.,
Meeting of the Faculty of the De-
partment of Physical Education and
Athletics at the Michigan Union,
Tuesday Noon, April 7.
On Army Day, Monday, April 6, all
members Naval R.O.T.C. will wear'
R. E. Cassidy, Captain, U.S. Navy
Professor Naval Science and Tactics
The University Bureau of Appoint-
ments has received notice that the
7th District Office (Chicago) of the
United States Civil Service Commis-
sion is seeking a considerable num-
ber of men and women who have
the following qualifications: either
a Bachelor of Science degree (any
specialty), or a Bachelor of Arts de-
gree in Political Science, Economics,
Business Administration, Public Ad-
ministration, Accounting, or Social
Service; or a combination of two or
more. These persons selected will go
to the Rock Island Arsenal, Illinois
for a training period. The positions
these selections are for are supervis-
ors or administrative assistants in
ordnance or arsenal establishments
in the midwest area.
Further information may be ob-
tained from the office of the Bureau
of Appointments, 201 Mason Hall.
Office hours 9-12 and 2-4.
Bureau of Appointments and
A cademic Notices
The Bacteriological Seminar will
meet in Room 1564 East Medical
Building on Monday, April 6, at 8:00
p.m. The subject will be "Chemo-
therapy in War Wounds." All in-
terested are cordially invited.
Playwriting (English 150) will not
. meet Monday, April 6. The class
of the University Musical Society. in
Charles A. Sink, President
Carillon Programs: Percival Price,
University Carillonneur, will present
program of Easter music today
between 10:30 and 11:00 a.m.
This will be followed Easter Eve-
ning with a memorial recital for
Jef Denyn, outstanding carillonneur,
who; until his death last fall, was
director of the Mechlin Carillon
School in Belgium. This second re-
ital of the current spring season
will be given from 7:15 to 8:00 p.m.
Programs covering the spring carillon
ecitals are available at the Union
and League Desks, lobby of Burton
Memorial Tower and the office of
he School of Music.
Studeit Recital: Ivor Gothie,
'42SM, a pupil of Joseph Brinkman,
will give a recital in partial fulfill-
ment of the degree of Bachelor of
Music at 8:30 p.m. on Monday, April
6, in Lydia Mendelssohn Theater. Mr.
Gothie has arranged a program of
compositions for the piano by Res-
pighi, Handel, Mozart and Liszt.
The public is cordially invited.
Student Recital: Vladimir Luka-
shuk, violinist, will give a recital at
8:30 p.m. on Tuesday, April 7, in
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
In Tschaikowsky's Concerto in D
major Mr. Lukashuk will be accom-
panied by the University Symphony
Orchestra, of which he is Concert-
master. The recital, in partial ful-
fillment of the requirements of the
degree of Bachelor of Music, is open
to the public.
Student Recital: Charles Mathe-
son, tenor, will present a recital in
partial fulfillment of the require-
ments of the degree of Bachelor of
Music at 8:30 p.m., on Wednesday,
April 8, in Lydia Mendelssohn Thea-
ter. Mr. Matheson, who had the lead-
ing male role in the recent produc-
tion of "Cavalleria Rusticana," is a
pupil of Arthur Hackett.
The public is cordially invited.
The Regular Tuesday Evening Pro-
gram of Recorded Music in the Men's
Lounge of the Rackham Building at
8:0.0 p.m. will be as follows:
Beethoven: Leonore Overture No.
Mozart: Haffner Symphony.
Tschaikowsky: Swan Lake Ballet.
Ravel: Daphnis and Chloe.
University Lectures on War Prob-
lems: Professor John .,B. Dawson, of
the Law School, will lecture on the
subject, "The War and Civil Lib-
erties," under the auspices of the
University War Board in Rackham
Lecture Hall at 8:00 p.m. on Tues-
day, April 7. The public is cordially
University Lecture: Dr. Carl G.
Rossby of the Institute of Meteorol-
ogy, University of Chicago, will lec-
ture on the subject, "Recent Develop-
ments in the Science of Meteorology,"
under the auspices of the Depart-
ments of Aeronautical Engineering,
Astronomy, Geography, and Geology,
on Thursday, April 9, at 4:15 p.m. in
the Rackham Amphitheatre. The
public is cordially invited.
University Lecture: Dr. John Al-
brecht Walz, Professor Emeritus of
Germanic Languages and Literatures,
Harvard University, will lecture on
the subject, "Goethe," under the au-
spices of the Department of German-
ic Languages and Literatures, on Fri-
day, April 10, at 4:15 p.m. in the
Rackham Amphitheater. The public
is cordially invited.
Civilian Protection Lecture Course:
Major W. A. Brewer, of the National
Office of Civilian Defense, Washing-
ton, will deliver the first lecture in