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April 01, 1942 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1942-04-01

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Weather
In Like A Lion!

ItP

ii

Editorial
Business Profiteers
Hamper Democracy ,

VOL. LII. No. 133 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 1, 1942 Z-323

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Standard Oil's
Rubber Deals
Aid America,
ClaimsFarish
Company Denies Charge
Of Withholding Patents
From U.S. Industries
In Pact With Germans
President Of Firm
Hits Arnold Claims
WASHINGTON, March 31.--()--
The president of the Standard Oil
Company (New Jersey) asserted to-
day that his company's agreements
with I. G. Farben-Industrie, the Ger-
man dye trust, prior to United States'
entry into the war greatly aided de-
velopment of synthetic rubber in the
United States rather than hindering
it as contended by the Department
of Justice.
The company's contention was
submitted to the Senate defense in-
vestigating committee by W. S. Far-
ish in reply to testimony by Assis-
tant Attorney General Thurman Ar-
nold, head of the anti-trust division.
'Patents Aided U.S.'
"I wish to assert with conviction,"
Parish told the committee, "that
whether the several contracts :made
with the I.G. did or did not fall within
the borders set by the patent statutesi
or the Sherman Act, they did inure
greatly to the advance of American
industry and more than any other
one thing have made possible our
present war activities in aviation
gasoline, tuluol and explosives and in
synthetic rubber itself."
Arnold testified that through cartel
agreements with I.G. Farben-Indus-
trie Standard made available to the
Nazis improved processes for produc-
tion of synthetic rubber, at the same
time withholding these processes
from United States industry and
thereby frustrating development of
synthetic rubberin this country.
'No Foundation . ..
Parish, who had read only a por-
tion of his prepared statement when
the committee recessed until tomor-
row, declared that there was "not a
shadow of foundation" for saying
that Standard had delayed or stifled
the development of synthetic rubber
in this country.
On the contrary, he pictured the
company as being a leader in at-
tempting to develop synthetic rubber
in the United States and as having
pressed repeatedly for government
support which it was unable to obtain
on any large scale until after Pearl
Harbor.
"Any charges that the Standard
Oil Company or any of its officers
Turn to Page 6, Col. 1

Play Production Offers
Daly Melodrama Today
Annual Winter Drama Season To Close This Week
As Director Windt Gives 'Under The Gaslight'

Gandhi Asks Rejection By

India

Of Post-War Dominion Ranking;
40-Hour Week Upheld By Senate

Play Production of the Depart-
ment of Speech will close its annual
winter drama season this week with
the presentation of Augustin Daly's
old-fashioned melodrama "Under the
Gaslight" at 8:30 p.m. today through
Saturday in the Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre.
The play, which is under the direc-
tion of Valentine B. Windt, director
of Play Production, features many
of the time-worn but always laugh-
able scenes on the railroad tracks and
in the cold river.
Helen Rhodes, '42, as the helpless
Laura is the heroine who gets the
watery dunking by the villians; while
William Altman, '42, plays the brave
hero who attempts to rescue her at
the risk of his own neck.
The plot concerns the misfortunes
of Laura Cortland, raised by whom
she thought were her cousins, who
in reality had been adopted by them
when they caught her at the age of
six trying to pick their pockets. Al-
though she has been introduced to
society, Old Judas-a gin-soaked old
hag, played by Blanche Holpar, '44
-and blackmailer Byke, played by
Merle Webb, '42, turn up at the cru-
cial moment and claim her as their
child.
The ensuing excitement takes place
after Laura runs away and hides
herself in the New York slums,
where she is threatened with kid-
napping and murder.
The play is performed seriously,
Board To Open
Aviation Cadet
ExamsToday
Educational Requirements
To Be Lowered, Says
Air CorpsSpokesman
The decision to waive previous edu-
cational requirements will open Air

with a consciousness of the cliches
and over-melodramatic passages, al-
though it is superior to the other
melodramas of the Civil War period.
Augustin Daly demonstrated in his
work his facility with dialogue and
flair for legitimate comedy.
Featured in the production is a=
locomotive of the Civil War era, con-'
structed by the Play Production
stagecraft students under the super-
vision and with the aid of Robert
Mellencamp, art director. Emma
Hirsch, costumiere, is in charge of
the wardrobes.
Tickets for the presentation are on
sale at the box office from 10 a.m.
until curtain time for the remain-
der of the week. Season ticket hold-
ers must exchange their coupons for
tickets tomorrow at the latest.
Defense Work
To Be Subject
Of Conference!
Wartime State, Federal
Jobs Will Be Stressed
By Vocational Groups
Opportunities for men and women
in state and federal government work
and in defense industry will be the
topic of a vocational guidance con-
ference held today and tomorrow in
the Rackham Lecture Hall.
With the slogan "There's a job in
government or industry for you, vital
jobs for the red, white and blue," the
conference, under the auspices of the
Bureau of Appointments and Occu-
pational Information, will stress the
fields of state and federal govern-
ment work and defense industry be-
cause of their importance to the na-
tional war program. At the present
time civil service comissions repre-
senting states, the federal govern-
ment and municipalities are hiring
college men and women for certain
types of work.

Amendments Authorizing RuthvenSP
Strike Repression, Long
WorkingWeek Rejected Will Bring N
U.S. Announces Jap By HOMER SWANDER4
Casual ties in Pa Cifie Taking no time out for nostalgic
reminiscences on the eve of his 60th
birthday, President Ruthven yester-
WASHINGTON, March 31.--P)- day was concerned only with the
The Senate rejected on a voice vote present crisis and the "new social
today amendments to pending legis- order it will bring to the United
lation which would have suspended States."
the forty-hour week, outlawed the The President-looking tired, wor-
closed shop and made it unlawful to ried and over-worked-declared that
use threats of violence to keep work- we can never go back to pre-war
ers from their jobs, times, that the old patterns of so-
The amendments were offered by ciety have been destroyed and must
Senator W. Lee O'Daniel, Texas be replaced by new ones.
Democrat, to a pending bill designed University Must Help
to help small business concerns get "And it is the duty of the Univer-
a greaterl sought unsuccessfully to sity to help the young people of
force a roll call vote on his proposals. America determine the kind of pat-
Senator Harry F. Byrd, Virginia tern they want and then give them
Democrat, told theSenate during de- the desire to go out and get it. In
bate that its Labor Committee had past wars the only thing that has
"suppressed important labor legis- mattered has been the turning out
lation" as he demanded considera- of so many soldiers and sailors, but
tion of numerous proposals, includ- the total war of today has changed
ing the antistrike bill of Senator all that."
Tom Connally, Texas Democrat and "Today it is not only the duty of
O'Daniel's proposed repeal of the the University to turn out fighting
forty-hour week law, and the Senate men-although this is certainly im-
Democratic leader, Alben W. Barkley, portant-but we must also concern
told reporters that he was opposed ourselves with building for the post-
to enactment of any restrictive labor war world."
measures. As a partial means to such an end,
"I firmly believe it is the duty of President Ruthven said he would like
Congress to meet these issues square- to see a reexamination of all the Uni-
ly and to take the best action that versity's activities, with the object of
may be dictated by the sole and sin- making it into an institution that will
gle purpose of winning this war," exert a dynamic leadership in build-
Byrd said, adding that such congres- ing a decent society after the war.
sional action "is the only way to stop Sincerity Is Obvious
the constant bickerings and jealous- Obviously talking about something
ies that exist between capital and which he felt deeply and sincerely,
labor." the President told this reporter, "I
Byrd said that he arose to dispute do not know if this is what you
the statement yesterday by Barkley wanted me to say in a 'birthday in-
that consideration -f labor 'legisla- terview.' If not, you may throw it all
tion at this time would "disturb our out the window. But it is just what
national unity." I have been worrying about for
months. And I only hope that I stay

ost-War World
Vew Social Order

PRESIDENT RUTUVEN
... 60 years old today

Matmen Elect
Bill Courtright'
& I
TeamCaptain
Varsity Grappler Replaces
Jim Galles As Squad
Head For Next Year
By HOE SELTZER
Bill Courtright was elected wrest-
ling captain last night.
Corky, who succeeds Jim Galles to
the honor post, registered his most
outstanding mat accomplishment in
two years of stellar Varsity compe-
tition when he took third place in his
165-pound division in the National
Collegiate wrestling tournament last
Saturday night.
Upon the cornerstone of twice be-
ing a Michigan high school state
champion and winner of 46 bouts as
against one lone defeat in pre-var-
sity competition, Bill immediately be-
gan forming a similarly impressive
record when he first became eligible
for the big time a year ago, the rec-
ord which ultimately determined his
decisive selection as the wrestling
team's new leader last night. In his
one semester of dual meet competi-
tion in 1941, against teams which
made Michigan's the most heavily
loaded schedule in the Middle West,
he split even with two wins and two
losses.
Then in the Big Ten meet, af-
ter falling sick and having to sacri-
fice himself in his regular playoff
match, Corky went on to sweep
through the consolation bouts and
thus place third in the final rankings.
and two weeks later, in the National
Collegiates. he was paired with Okla-

Corps enlistment to many students Representatives of the Detroit Civil
otherwise ineligible when the Sixth Service Commission are going to be
Corps Area Traveling Aviation Cadet present to answer questions and ex-
Examining Board starts receiving ap- plain opportunities for employment
plications at 9:30 a'm. today in the in the municipal service. The general
Health Service Building. public is invited to all the meetings
Formerly required to have at least which will be held in the Rackham
two years of college work, students Lecture Hall. Questions may be asked
will now be accepted upon success- from the floor.
fully passing an examination, Lieut. Dr. L. J. O'Rourke, of the United
George R. Comte, public relations Civil Service Commission, will open
officer, revealed. the conference at 4 p.m. today with a
Especially welcome will be those discussion of the openings for men
students who intend to enlist in the and women in the federal civil serv-
Air Corps at the end of the semester, ice. John Haien, of the Chrysler Cor-
he said, as they may be examined at poration, and Thomas P. Garrity, as-
the present time, get deferment un- sistant director of vocational training
til the end of the semester, and hence for war workers in Detroit, will ad-
avoid the inevitable rush at the end dress the conference on the jobs in
of the semester. defense industries at 7:30 p:m. today.
The examination will be given at The program at 4 p.m. tomorrow
9:30 a.m. and again at 12:30 p.m. will emphasize the state government
today, tomorrow and Friday. Appli- field with Thomas J. Wilson, person-
cants who pass the test will be given nel director of Michigan State Civil
their physical examinations immedi- Service Commission, explaining the
ately, so they may know definitely opportunities for men and Edward
whether they are to be accepted or H. Litchfield, chief of the research
not. and training division of the same
Candidates for ground officer posi- commission, speaking on the corre-
tions will not be required to take sponding situation for women.
the exam, Lieutenant Comte point-
ed out, but will be required to haveW
had two years of college work, pre-R eu th er, f era
applicants are requested to bring ,
their academic grade transcripts
with them.A!

U.S. Announces Jap
Losses In Pacific
UNITED STATES HEADQUAR-
TERS in Australia, March 31.-(P)
-Planes of the American Army
bomber command operating from
bases in the Philippines and the
Netherlands Indies sank or seri-
ously damaged 46 Japanese trans-
ports and 16 warships and de-
stroyed more than 50 Japanese
planes up to March 1, it was an-
nounced today.
American losses in personnel and
equipment were amazingly low,
Colonel Eubank said. He did not
give figures, but said. "these planes
can carry an awfullot of lead and
still come back to their bases."
Only two planes were lost
through pilot errors, such as bad
take-offs or landings-a record
which airmen hailed as remark-
able in view of the makeshift fields
from which the gigantic bombers
so often operated.

young long enough to see the thing
through to its finish."
He declared that if the world is
not rebuilt by people who sit down
seriously and think things out, the
job will be done by "crackpots and
Sigma Delta Chi Initiates
Eleven New Members
Sigma Delta Chi, national profes-
sional journalistic fraternity, an-
nounces the initiation of eleven men
to membership yesterday.
The newly initiated include Emile
Gele, '42, Alvin Dann, '42, Hoe Selt-
zer, '42, and juniors Dan Behrman,
Homer Swander, Morton Mintz,
George Sallade, Eugene Mandeberg,
Bob Mantho, Bob Stahl and Bud
Hendel.
Following the initiation a banquet
was held in the Union. Officers for
the coming year are Morton Mintz,
president; George Sallade, secretary;
and Bob Mantho, treasurer.

self-seeking politicians just as it was
after the last war."
During World War I, he continued,
everyone was engrossed in the one
task of winning the war and gave al-
most no thought to the peace. When
it came, therefore, we were entirely
unprepared for it and the tragic re-
sult was the Versailles Treaty.
"If we are not to have another
Versailles," Ruthven emphasized, "we
must plan now for the peace which
is to come. Otherwise, much of the
reason for winning the war will dis-
appear. And it is the University's
place to take a lead in the required
planning."
SLA Meeting
To Hear Talk
By Williams,
Discussing the economic and socisl
problems which will confront youtbr
at the end of the present conflict.
Prof. Mentor L. Williams of the Eng-
lish department will depict the ideal
post-war America, at a meeting spon-
sored by the Student League of
America at 8 p.m. today in Room 323
of the Union.
Perfectly fitted to discuss this
topic, Professor Williams has always
been known for the interest and sym-
pathy which he has shown for stu-
Itwas erroneously stated in yes-
terday's Daily that the lecture
would appear Thursday.

Allied Position In Burma
Becomes More Seious;
Russians Gain At Sea
Australia Bombed
Again By Japanese
LONDON, Wednesday, April 1.-(]P)
-A Daily Herald dispatch from New
Dglhi said today Mohandas K.
Gandhi had advised the All-India
Congress party to reject the British
plan of Dominion status, but that the
executive body had not yet decided
upon the terms of its reply to Sir
Stafford Cripps.
Gandhi was quoted as telling the
Congress working committee yester-
day that "the British plan for India
was unworthy of Britain and it would
be unworthy for India to accept it."
"He regarded the proposal to give
India dominion status after the war
as bad because it encouraged the
minorities to become stubborn," the
Daily Herald correspondent wrote,
Burma Position Grave,
Meanwhile, the general Allied posi-
tion in Burma was increasingly grave
last night despite some apparent
slight improvement on the Chinese
held left.
From both the India-Burma fronts,,
that of battle and that of diplomacy,
the news was bad.
In Central Burma the British
forces holding the Allied right on the
approaches to the central Burmese oil
fields were desperately at the coun-
ter-attack against new and menacing
Japanese incursions which had cut
off the forward British mobile units
with road-blocks formed at the town
of Shwedaung only 10 miles below
the British anchor at Prome
At the left theaoutni4bered hl-
nese, who had long been under the
most savage enemy assault about
Toungoo, had effected a rendezvous
with reinforcements which had beat-
en down from north and east.
A Chinese communique asserted
that up to Sunday 5,000 Japanese
dead had been counted around Toun-
goo.
In India an aura of gloom arose
over the political conference tables.
Aside from the somber complex
hat was India and Burma, the en-
emy was making no progress in the
Pacific war.
Bombard Manila Bay
The War Department reported in
a morning communique that the
American harbor defenses in Manila
Bay had been under intermittent
bombardment by enemy bombers and
batteries but had thus far suffered
little damage.
American guns returning the fire
smashed an enemy launch.
Aground, on Bataan Peninsula,
only sharp patrol action was re-
ported. Enemy bombers, the De-
partment added, attacked a plainly
marked American base hospital on
Bataan, causing a number of casual-
ties-a hospital they had in the past
uniformly avoided.
On the Australian front, new Allied
bombing attacks on Japanese beach-
heads on New Guinea and Timor Is-
lands were reported. At Lae, in New
Guinea, Japanese hangars were set
aflame; at Keoang on Timor as
many as six enemy planes were be-
lieved destroyed on the ground.
Darwin, on the northern Australian
mainland, was again bombed by the
enemy.
Russians, British Win
In the West the slowly emerging
story of a major weekend sea engage-
ment in northern waters on the Allied
supply line to Russia indicated that
British and Russian fleet units fight-
ing together for the first time had
won a considerable victory in this
first phase of what is expected to be

a long and violent struggle.
The British Admiralty stated that
all Getman attacks on the Allied con-
voy-which was carrying American-
made war materials and was assault-
ed for three days-"were beaten off
by Russian and British forces," and
added that one German destroyer
was sunk, another damaged and three
Nazi submarines knocked out.
Ships Damaged
Against this the British acknow-
ledged that the 8,000-ton British

ison

Press

Conference,

t
t

Final Drive To Sell
Last 300 'Ensians
Will EndSaturday
With more than 2,100 sales already
chalked up, the Michiganensian is
holding its last campus sale, starting
last Monday through Saturday.
Only 300 more copies are available,
so students are urged to watch for
salesmen on the diagonal, or to call
at the 'Ensian office this week. The
yearbook will still be sold for $4.50
until the end of this week.
'Ensian enditors, working to beat
a May 1 deadline, announce several
changes and improvements in a year-
book that -is modern from cover to
cover. The outside itself is embossed
for the first time in two colors in-
stead of the usual one.
The satire section, a take-off on
Life magazine, will be pictorial, show-
ing less well-known characters in ad-
dition to the BMOC's. The campus
life section will be enlarged to con-
tain many candid, informal shots,

[/ 16 PU s4r
By HALE CHAMPION and
BOB PREISKEL
(Special to The Daily)t
DETROIT, March 31.-In an at-c
mosphere resembling that of a war
guilt trial, C. E. Wilson, President of
General Motors, and Walter Reuther,
author of the much-controverted
Reuther Plan and high-rankingt
UAW-CIO official, today hurled ar-t
gument after argument at each othert
before one of the most unusual press
conferences in history.
In a debate kept well in hand by
famed Town Hall Moderator George
V. Denny, Jr., the two traded verbal
punches in an all day discussion of
the Reuther Plan, the motives behindt
it, its history, and its still remain-
ing potentialities.
Crux of the discussion was Reu-f
ther's claim that efficient industry-
wide organization could be accom-
plished only through an over-all
planning board. Wilson replied, how-f
ever, that examples of wasteful du-t
plication were only isolated instancesc
and that such an enormous pool
would be unwieldy.

'Role Of Auto Industry

dent and youth problems in general.
His work with student cooperatives
and labor education, especially qual-
ify him to describe post-war prob-
lems. Well liked by the students,
Professor Williams was chosen most
popular faculty member in a campus-
wide poll..
In his lecture, which is the second
of a series designed to present the
problems of war and peace, Professor
Williams emphasizes that the picture
of post-war America which he will
present is not likely to become a real-
ity. It is the America which he would
like to see, and not that which he
expects to emerge from the conflict.

concerning possible conversion of au-
tomobile machinery to aircraft pro-
duction, spoke first, lashing out at
the Reuther Plan as a political, pub-
licity-seeking plan without merit or
good intentions.
The younger, red-thatched Reu-
ther, also accompanied by a brain
trust, replied in kind, emphasizing
that his plan not only was valid at
Swinging Doors Prove
Man Trap For Citizen
An unidentified gentleman was
trapped by a flowing overcoat as he
attempted to leave the new State
Theatre after witnessing the show
from the balcony and it took a sturdy
policeman to get him free.
After holding open the exit door
for his wife, this local Sir Galahad
tried to slip outside on the same push
of the door. The tail of his over-
coat didn't quite make it, and the
man was hooked. After fruitless tug-

the time offered, but still could be
useful in improving the automotive
industry's victory effort.
At the same time Reuther emphat-
ically declared that the motives of
General Motors were far more open
to criticism than, those of the union,
referring directly to the spirit in
American industry which he claimed
was responsible for the Standard Oil
rubber scandal.
Wilson Denies Charges
Meanwhile, Wilson who seemed to
grow weary as the day went on, de-1
nied the charges, and demonstratedF
by elaborate wall charts how his en-
gineers had found Reuther's sugges-
tions impracticable. He added that
General Motors felt no responsibilityt
for defense activity for which the1
government had not even indicatedi
its desire.t
The immediate and challengingc
reply of the labor representative was1
that 'management should have takeni
the initiative, informing the govern-
ment of what it could do instead ofz
stalling and sabotaging plans which

Prexy Wants His Fun-
But Robbins Says No!
It is the "tragedy of his life" that
President Ruthven has never been
able to play an April Fool's joke on
the student body.
As his birthday comes on the first
day of April, he laughingly claims
he has "always wanted to celebrate
it by issuing a fake announcement
that there will be no classes on that
day." But his assistant-Dr. Frank
Robbins-has always blocked the
idea.
The President has been the butt of
nearly every joke imaginable on pre-
vious April Fool's days-"everything

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