THE MICHIGAN DAILYTrsDA
T, MARCH 26,
('Z1. r1' t C rt g tlt 443 ail"ll-
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session.
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it or not otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights
of republication of all other matters herein also
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mail matter.
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WASHINGTON-After three months of tem-
porizing with native Fascist champions, At-
torney Francis Biddle is finally going to get
tough - on direct personal orders of the Presi-
Roosevelt directed Biddle to take vigorous
legal action against certain factional leaders
who have been publicly denouncing the war
against the Axis and in some instances actually
expressing pleasure over, Jap victories.
Complaints have poured into Washington from
parents of boys in the armed services demand-
ing that these domestic foes be jailed. But Bid-
die demurred on the ground of "preserving civil
Shortly after Pearl Harbor, FBI agents arrest-
ed Robert Noble, rabid Los Angeles Fascist lead-
er, on serious charges involving statements con-
cerning the war. Despite the FBI's evidence, Bid-
die ordered Noble released.
This brought down a storm of protests on Bid-
die's head that steadily increased as the hostile
operations of these elements became bolder and
more outspoken. Still Biddle refused to allow
either the FBI or federal district attorneys, who
were champing at the bit, to crack down.
Finally White House advisers, alarmed over
the situation, took the matter diret to the Presi-
dent. They laid before him a mass of evidence
dealing with Noble, Father Coughlin, Francis P.
Moran of Boston, Gerald L. K. Smith of Michi-
gan and Charles B. Hudson of Omaha.
One document shown Roosevelt was the March
16 issue of Coughlin's weekly publication which
declared that a "world-wide sacred war" was
declared against Germany nine years ago. The
publication also attacking aid to Russia, de-
nounced the British bombing of French plants
making Nazi supplies.
After carefully examining the evidence, the
President summoned Biddle, ordered him to get
tough and do so immediately.
Army Vs. Navy
Col. Joseph E. Meyers, retired, President of
the Aviation Defense Association, recently testi-
fied before the House Rules Committee that an
Army pilot told him Army air patrols were not
free to drop bombs on submarines until they got
clearance from the Navy.
When an Army bomber spots a submarine,
Col. Myers said, it has to withhold action until
it can report the location to Naval authorities
and get permission to attack.
Navy's reason for this requirement is ostensi-
bly to protect U.S. submarines, but why they
cannot inform the Army in advance of location
of U.S. submarines remains unexplained. Also
what value are U.S. submarines off the At-
lantic coast these days?
Though the great majority of labor is 100
percent for speeding the war program, a recent
incident at the Aluminum Corporatio plant in
Cleveland illustrates how a small group is giving
a black eye to all of labor.
Last week the Aluminum Company put into
effect a bonus plan in line with Roosevelt's pro-
posal to speed production through voluntary
But before the workers had a chance to try
out the plan, they went on strike, fearing a
speed-up which would force them to accept
faster standards of work indefinitely.
But finally the workers agreed they had not
given the bonus plan a fair trial, so they went
back to work. But then they instituted a definite
slowdown, apparently to make sure that the
bonus system does not work.
As a result, two aluminum furnaces have been
operating at only 50 percent capacity; and six
others at far less.
The Reply Churlish
I SUPPOSE every boy, and maybe some of the
girls, has dreamed about really getting a box
seat at a fire. Yesterday morning the house next
to my rooming house caught fire-it was an
empty house, so I am not gloating over some-
body's misfortune or peril-and from an up-
stairs window, having been awakened by the
close sound of the fire trucks, I watched the
whole thing, from the time the hose truck went
kiting down the street unrolling hose like a
spider does web, until the firemen packed their
things back on the trucks and drove away.
The fire was out in the open mostly-appar-
ently a pile of trash had set it going-and unlike
most house fires there was more than just a lot
of smoke and water in evidence. At close hand
too I was impressed by just how much a fire-
man has to do, even for a small fire. There were
men chopping at the roof, trying to keep the
flames away from some tarred roofing stuff,
risking at the very least a nasty fall if the roof
gave way, and possibly a tumble right into the
flames below. It was the sort of roof nobody
except a cat would go up on even when it wasn't
burning, but the firemen mooched right up their
ladder and started chopping away, standing in
the middle of clouds of steam and smoke, and
there wasn't a one of them even so much as
looked around for a good place to stand. For
some reason fire fighters have about them an
air of efficiency that is not, I have observed,
equalled by most of the other services of a city.
Small wonder that at one time or another in our
careers all of us who wear trousers sort of wish
we were firemen.
SOME of the others took their fat canvas hoses
intothe back door of the building, which was
very well filled with smoke, and they poked
the hose in between the walls somehow so they
stopped the fire from shooting up any higher,
and on the other side of the place they squirted
a hose on the trash pile, dodging the burning
pieces of roof which the axe men were tossingI
down to the ground. People stood around watch-
ing, and landladies within a radius of about a
half mile started calling my landlady, who didn't
seem disturbed about it all, to tell her they were
afraid it would set their houses going too. The
hose ran down the block and around the corner
somewhere, and some policemen stood guard
there, and sent traffic about its business.
Finally after watching for about fifteen min-
utes, I went in to brush my teeth, and when I
got back I was just in time to see the fire trucks
and the chief's car go donging away back to the
fire hall. It was a quick job, and nobody got ex-
cited. and contrary to popular belief, the fire-
men did not chop up any wood or anything
else unnecessarily. As I hear it, somebody is
trying to remodel the old place to make apart-
ments out of it. They wanted to build a news
place there, but couldn't get a building permit,
so I suppose it will stand just as many tinder-
box places like it continue to stand, until some
other time, when there will be people living in it
perhaps, and again the fire department will
come and do whatever it can.
THERE is a certain picturesque quality about
many of the old houses in Ann Arbor. Dec-
orated as they are with all the gingerbread in
the world, some of them sporting towers and
cupolas, they present to the eye a poignant re-
minder of the great period of wooden frame
building in America. Perhaps it is nice that we
have such a good fire department. So long un
THURSDAY, MARCH 26, 1942
VOL. LII. No. 128
Publication in the Daily Official
Bulletin is constructive notice to all
members of the University.
Staff Travel by Automobile: As a
measure of economy it is requested
that faculty and staff members who
have occasion to travel on Univer-
sity business by personally owned or
University owned automobile report
their plans in advance to the office
of Dr. Frank E. Robbins, Assistant to
the President (Campus telephone
328), in order that, when feasible,
persons going to the same place at
the same time may ride in the same
car and save both tires and expense.
A record of such plans will be kept
in the President's Office, and those
who find it necessary to make a trip
may inquire there as to the possi-
bility of riding with others.
Faculty, College of Literature, Sci-
ence, and the Arts: Midsemester re-
ports are due not later than Satur-
day, April 4.
Report cards are being distributed
to all departmental offices. Green
cards are being provided for fresh-
man reports; they should be returned
to the office of the Academic Coun-
selors, 108 Mason Hall. White cards,
for reporting sophomores, juniors,
and seniors should be returned to
1220 Angell Hall.
Midsemester reports should name
those students, freshman and up-
perclass, whose standing at midsem-
ester is D or E, not merely those who
receive D or E in so-called midsem-
Students electing our courses, but
registered in other schools or col-
leges of the University should be re-
ported to the school or college in
which they are registered.
Additional cards may be had at
108 Mason Hall or 1220 Angell Hall.
E. A. Walter, Assistant Dean
To the Members of the Depart-
ments of Latin and Greek: There will
be a departmental luncheon today
at 12:10 p.m. in the Founders' Room
at the Michigan Union.
Tag Days: At a meeting of the
Committee on Student Affairs held
March 20, 1942, the following recom-
mendation of the Committee of '42
was adopted :
(1) Requests for permission to
conduct tag days during the remain-
ing part of the present semester
must be submitted to the Committee
on Student Affairs on or before
(2) Requests for any tag days to
occur in the first month of the sum-
mer term must be submitted to the
Committee on Student Affairs on or
before May 1.t
(3) Requests for tag days for any
part of the summer term not provid-
ed for in (2) must be submitted to
the Committee on Student Affairs
by the end of the first month of the
(4) Requests for tag days to be,
held during the '42 fall term, and the
'43 spring term must be submitted
to the Committee on Student Affairs
on or before November 7, 1942.
NIGHT EDITOR: ROBERT MANTHO
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of the Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
Double Pay Concession
['Shows War Spirit . ..
HE DECISION of the CIO and the
I. AFL to forego overtime pay for
* Saturday, Sunday and holiday work, as long as
that work is within the 40-hour week, is a step
that should inspire a forthcoming period of
compromise and better wartime relations be-
tween labor and management. Yesterday, both
organizations announced the intention of rec-
ommending that their affiliated unions waive
the right to those special pay privileges.
This step comes in the face of increasing Con-
gressional and even some public agitation for a
revision of the national labor laws, preferably
an abolition of the 40-hour week. The risin
storm has been accompanied with charges rang-
ing from accusations of an organized anti-labor
campaign to those claiming that labor is at-
tempting to maintain its privileged position at a
time when every ot.her segment of the popula-
tion is making sacrifices.
This latest action of the CIO and AFL, how-
ever, should prove emphatically that labor is
not trying to escape its wartime duties. Every
American working man must realize that an
Axis victory would mean the ending of the labor
unions and of any successful labor movement in
this country. He is prepared to do his all for
the prevention of that fate.
T HE ONLY CONCESSION asked of labor dur-
ing the war emergency by production chief
Donald M. Nelson is that it give up the overtime
pay for Saturday, Sunday and holiday work.
This concession has now been made. The nexi
concession must come from the other side. La-
bor has laid down a challenge to American in-
dustry. Every plant should now be operating on
aa 24-hour, seven-day week basis. Demands for
modifying the wage-hour law should cease.
But the full effect of the war on industry and
labor has not "yet fully materialized. Both will
probably be required to make further conces-
sions. The war cannot be won by a half-hearted
effort nor can any group be permitted to take
advantage of the emergency to suits its own
ends. The union compromise on the wage issue
should typify a new win-the-war spirit.
- George W. Sallad6
U. S. Should Seize
Martinique Base . .
WITH the sword of Hitler dangling
a over its head, -the Vichy French
government sent Washington seemingly cate-
gorical assurances last week-end that no Axis
war vessels will be permitted to enter any French
port in the Western Hemisphere. This action
came as a sequel to a German submarine's en-
trance into the harbor of Martinique and its dis-
charge of a wounded officer there. Moreover,
these assurances came after Washington had
sent a stiff note, virtually an ultimatum, to
Vichy demanding these pledges which were ap-
parently accepted by our government.
It is significant that the entrance of that sub-
marine into the Fort de France on February 21
was an outright violation of an accord between
the United States and Martinique in which this
country guaranteed the neutral status of French
GRIN AND BEAR IT
"You ought to give our generals and admirals the benefit of the
doubt, Bascomb-they probably understand war matters as
well as the radio commentators?"
- (5) Each request for a
should be dealt with as a
case-no precedent being
action taken on any case.
Schools, United States Navy. An-
nouncement open until further no-
Principal Physicist (any specialized1
Senior Physicist, $4,600.1
Associate Physicist, $3,200.1
Assistant Physicist, $2,600.1
(War Department, Navy Dept.,
Department of Commerce, Federal
Security Agency, Office for Emerg-
The announcements for Physicist
is open until further notice. Further
information may be obtained from
the announcement which is on file
at the Bureau of Appointments, 201
Mason Hall. Office hours, 9-12 and
University Bureau of Appointments
and Occupational Information
Seminar in Physical Chemistry will
meet today in Room 410 Chemistry
Building at 4:15 p.m. Professor G.
E. Uhlenbeck will speak on "Dia-
magnetism of Free Electrons."
Zoological Movies will be shown
today at 4:10 p.m. in the Natural
Science Auditorium. The program
includes: Snapping turtle (sound);
Thrushes and their relatives (sound);
Frogs and toads (kodachrome); Sal-
amanders (kodachrome). Dr. F. H.
Test will lecture along with the last
History 50 midsemester: Today,
10:00 a.m. Adams-Hunter, 231 An-
gell Hall; Izard-Zahn, B, Haven Hall.
V. W. Crane
Kothe-lilidner Sophomore compe-
tition to be held today, 2:00-4:00 p.m.
in Room 301 U.H.
Doctoral Examination for Herbert
Kapfel Brown, Mathematics; thesis:
"The Resolution of Boundary Value
Problems by Means of the Finite
Fourier Transformation." Today,
West Council Room, Rackham Build-
ing, 3:00 p.m. Chairman, R. V.
By action of the Executive Board,
the Chairman may invite members
of the faculties and advanced doc-
toral candidates to attend the exam-
ination and he may grant permission
to those who for sufficient reason
might wish to be present.
C. S. Yoakum
Doctoral Examination for Nathan
Mory Glaser, Psychology; . thesis,
"Autonomic Changes Associated with
Abnormal Behavior in the Rat." Fri-
day, March 27, 2129 Natural Science
1:30 p.m. Chairman, N. R. F. Maier.
By action of the Executive Board,
the Chairman may invite members of
the faculties and advanced doctoral
candidates to attend the examina-
tion and he may grant permission to
those who for sufficient reason might
wish to be present.
C. S. Yoakum
The University Symphony Orches-
tra, under the direction of Thor John-
son, will present a concert at. 8:30
p.m. Tuesday, March 31, in Hill Audi-
torium. Mr. Johnson has arranged a
program to include works of Bach,
Brahms, Delius, Dvorak and Wag-
ner's Good Friday Spell from "Parsi-
fal." Mrs. Maud Okkelberg, pianist,
of the faculty of the School of Music
will appear as soloist.
The public is cordially invited.
Exhibition: An Introduction to
Architecture. An elaborate educa-
tional exhibition produced by the
Ann Arbor Art Association in collab-
oration with the College of Architec-
ture and Design. This exhibition is
University Lecture: Lieut. Wallace
Howell of the U.S.A. Air Corps, will
lecture on the subject, "Cloud For-
mations", illustrated, under the au-
spices of the Department of Geology,
tonight at 8:00 in the Rackham Am-
phitheatre. The public is cordially
University Lectures: Lectures by
Dr. Carl F. Coriand Dr. Gerty T. Cori
of the Department of Pharmacol-
ogy, Washington University Medical
School, will be given as follows:
"The Role of Enzymes in Carbo-
hydrate Metabolism," by Dr. Carl F.
Cori, on Friday, March 27, at 4:15
"The Isolation and Properties of
Some Enzymes Concerned with Car-
bohydrate Metabolism," by Dr. Gerty
T. Cori, on Friday, March 27, at 8:15
"The Enzymatic Conversion of
Glucose to Glycogen," by Dr. Carl F.
Cori, on Saturday, March 28, at 11:00
All the above lectures will be given
in the Rackham Amphitheater and
will be illustrated. This series is un-
der the auspices of Biological Chem-
istry and the Medical School. The
public is cordially invited.
Biochemical Lecture: Professor
David M. Greenberg, Professor of
Biochemistry, University of Califor-
nia, will lecture on "Factors in Bone
Metabolism as Studied with Radio-
active Isotopes" in the East Lecture
Room of the Rackham Building, on
Saturday, March 28, at 8:00 a.m.
Lecture, College of Architecture
and Design: Mr. Eric Mendelsohn will
speak on "Architecture in a Rebuilt
World," today at 4:15 p.m. in the
Rackham Amphitheatre. The public
La Sociedad Hispanica Conversa-
tion Group will meet tonight at 8:00
in the Michigan League. It is an
opportunity for students of Spanish
for oral practice. Everyone is urged
to attend. See Bulletin in League
for room number.
Women's Athletic Association
Board: There will be a WAA meeting
today at 4:45 p.m. Reports are due
then from all present board members.
Forms for these reports are obtain-
able in Miss Hartwig's office at Bar-
Phi Delta Kappa Coffee Hour to-
day at.4:15 p.m. in the West Con-
ference Room, Rackham Building.
Captain Keith Houston will discuss
tactical organization of the Army.
Graduate Coffee Hour today, 4:30-
6:00 p.m. in the Rackham School. All
faculty members and graduate stu-
dents are welcome.
The Slavic Club will meet tonight
at 8:00 at the International Center.
All members and all those interested
in Slavic culture are coardilly invit-
Michigan Dames Bridge Group will
meet tonight at the Michigan League
Freweh Roundtable, International
Center, will meet on Friday, March
27, at 8:00 .m. The discussion, "Uni-
versities, Here and Abroad" will be
led by Dr. Lucie Lewison. Anyone who
can carry on a conversation in French
or who is interested to listen, is in-
Michigan Outing Club will bike to
Pinckney on Saturday, March 28,
leaving Lane Hall at 8:00 a.m. The
mentable fact that the promise of the Petain
government is only thread-bound, is not re-
spected by the Axis, and probably won't be
respected by the next U-boat or German expe-
ditionary force that comes Martinique's way.
DEBATE has long been waged over our policy
toward this Caribbean island and its French
sister / colonies, Guadeloupe, St. Pierre, the
Miquelon Islands, and French Guiana. Back in
December, 1941, the New York Times pointed
out, "It is no secret that there has been fear
that Martinique might be used as a base for an
attack on the U. S. by the Axis if Vichy-Berlin
cooperation became closer." Also, aside from
the strategic importance of the island there are,
according to the same authority, hundreds of
millions in gold cached in Martinique, appar-
ently a war-purchase reserve fund spirited out
of France ahead of the Nazis. Therefore, if the
French possessions are in an important position
not only with respect to the United States but
also, it follows, with respect to tle Panama
Canal, and if they have resources valuable to
the Allied war effort, should our government
have accepted the paper-weight Vichy assur-
ances instead of taking direct military and naval
action to secure these bases for this nation?
The question of annexing these Caribbean
possessions to this country for the war's dura-
tion has perplexed and delayed our leaders. In
this affair of U. S.-Vichy relations when ade-
quate excuse for such a move was furnished
they chose to excuse themselves from action's
Ann Arbor's Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre went
Broadway in a big way last night for "No Ques-
tions Asked," 1942 version of the traditional Jun-
ior Girls Play. Front-row choruses bobbed as
they've been bobbing since Ziegfield, the big
spots glared down on sob singers, and what
seemed to have been most of the co-ed class of
'43, whirled through a typical "gala revue" plot.
Taken as a whole, "No Questions Asked" justi-
fies that old contention about spontaneous hu-
mor being the best form of humor. When the
girls were sticking to their dogmatized dance
routines, they were slightly anemic. When they
let themselves go as far as an essentially wacky
script wanted them to go they were terrific.
Fortunately for both the cast and an ultra-
critical senior audience, formality was conspic-
uous by its absence.
The bouquet department has already sent a
few truckloads to nearly every girl who took
part in opening night, but several should be
singled out for specific mention. Lucille Katz
and Frances Hall did a couple of 'Daily' re-
porters in the best R. H. Davis manner, and fur-
ther plaudits are owed Leanor Grossman for
her Brenda-a silver foxy deb with Pahk Avenue
written all over her frozen pan. Playing a Class B
counterfoil with equal Blue Book bearing, Laura
Baird as Serena took little from Miss Grossman.
Mary Lou Curran gave Eleanor Roosevelt the
works with a creditable degree of success.
Musical numbers in this show paid little heeed
to any particular standards. They ranged from
a hilarious "We Are the Wenches of the Wild-
wood" chorus to a well-intentioned ballet which
was taken least seriously by the ballerinas them-
selves. The "Choo-Choo Shuffle" might have
come right off a New York stage, but the danc-
ing chorus was slightly more individualized in '
its cowboy and sweater girl dances. And as every
JGP or Union Opera has one stand-out song, "No
Students, College of Engineering:
The final day for REMOVAL OF IN-
COMPLETES will be Saturday, April
4. Petitions for extension of time
must be on file in the Secretary's Of-
fice on or before Thursday, March 26.
A. H. Lovell, Secretary
Students whoniend to study law
and who will enter the Law School
with the Bachelor of Arts degree or
its equivalent, or on one of the com-
bined curricula, should commence the
necessary procedure for admission.
It will be necessary to file an appli-
cation on a form furnished by the
Law School. Attention is called to
the fact that under the new three-
term plan it will be possible to begin
the study of law either on June 15,
October 5, or February 8.
Senior Engineers: Orders will be
taken for commen cement announce-
ments today, Friday, and Monday,
March 26, 27, and 30, 1:00-5:00 p.m.,
outside the library in the West En-
gineering Building. Please pay in
full at the time of placing your order.
Down payments will not be accepted
on any orders less than one dollar.
Literary Seniors: Deadline for pay-
ing class dues is Friday, March 27.
They can be paid in Angell Hall Lob-
by 1:00-4:00 p.m. Monday through
Friday, and in the center of the di-
agonal 9:00-12:00 a.m. and 1:00-4:00
p.m. Monday through Wednesday.
Dues are $1 .00.
'he University Bureau of Appoint-
ments has received notice of the fol-
lowing Civil Service Examinations.
Student Instructor, $1,620; Junior
Instructor, $2,000, Air Corps Techni-
cal School, and Aviation Service
Public sentiment will want Con-