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January 18, 1942 - Image 8

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1942-01-18

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Panel Summaries

_ _
.. .. .

Our Armed Forces . .
In Qrder that all men should best
contribute their individual abilities
to the successful waging of the war,
the system of selective service has
much greater value than permitting
voluntary enlistment in the armed
forces, Col. W. A. Ganoe said yester-
day at the final combined panel on
"Our Armed Forces" and "Arms for
In order that competent mechan-
ics and other skilled labor be kept on
the assembly line and in the plants to
produce war materials, the govern-
ment should take only those men in-
to the Army and Navy who are best
fit for military service and those
who are determined by the govern-
ment to be of greater value in civili-
an positions should remain at their
It was emphasized by Colonel Ga-
noe and Prof. C. M. Davis of the
geography department that the de-
cision as to the value of the individ-
ual does not lie in the individual
himself who is unable to view the en-
tire situation of military and civilian
operations, but rather in competent
officials who have broader experience
in determining such status than local
draft boards at the present time.
Commenting on the loss of valu-
able technicians during the last war
through voluntary enlistment, Colonel
Ganoe said that the United States is
now better prepared to wage this
war than any other in American his-
tory because we began the present
defense program before our involve-
ment instead of afterwards as in
most of our past engagements.
War And Education.. ..
The role of the University and the
college sudent during the war and
after was\ brought to the fore in the
"War and Education" panel dis-
The University's position was ex-
pressed by Prof. Harlow Heneman,
of the political science department,
a member of the University War
Council, who declared that, in so
far as the actions of its students are
concerned, the University will neith-
er "compel nor encourage" any par-
ticular policy. The University will
offer specialized training, but the
question of whether to take such
training, to continue with regular
courses or to leave school to enlist
is entirely up to the individual, he
The members of the panel were
unanimous in their agreement that
college students should complete as
much education as possible in order
to be. most useful in winning the
war and the peace. Special empha-
sis was placed upon the Navy's edu-
cational requirements for its officers
and pilots.
The balance of opinion was that
college !students should not be de-
ferred nerely because of their po-
tential value in the post-war re-
construction. Miss Alice Lloyd, Dean
of Women, stated that the people
would not accept a peace made by
those who had had no part in win-
ning the war.
There was substantial agreement
that college social life should be con-
tinued on a "less expensive" scale,
that educational emphasis should be
placed on existing courses rather than
Crisis In Morals .. .
Opening discussions with mild but
profound arguments, Panel III, "Cri-
sis In Morals," .the forum reached
a decision on the question of freedom
of the press in war in favor of con-
structive criticism of government
from all sources if the intent were
War methods were analyzed care-
fully in regard to the immediate
question of punitive, retaliatory
bombings of enemy civilians. This
question involved eventual extension
of democracy in those countries
which would be bombed, and its de-

velopment at home after the war had
been won.
The hatred caused by such meas-
ures was decided by the majority to
be undesirable in terms of ,long run
motives and immediately members of
the forum, rose to question the status

of democracy at home, Racial prob
lems were the focal point of the dis-
cussion at the close of the afternoon
Moving quickly to the problem of
whom we are fighting, the evening
session centered on whether the bat-
tle is against rulers or people. Prof.
Preston Slosson, of the history de-
partment, a member of the forum, I
advanced the optimistic argument in
the words, "I have every hope that
we look forward to a Japanese re-
Remedies for international hatred
were proposed on both sides with Pro-
fessor Slosson defending the idea of
power dominating international pol-
itics while another group including
Prof. Mentor Williams of the English
department and Prof. Wesley Maurer
of the journalism department argued
that economic forces were at the root
of international conflict and war.
Selective Service ...
Outlining courses that would be
most beneficial to men serving in the
armed forces, the winter parley panel
'n that subject heard the surprising
statement by Col. W. A. Ganoe, head
of the University ROTC, that English
was one of the most important, par-
ticularly the ability to compose an
intelligent paragraph.
Colonel Ganoe said that the selec-
tee's ability to write was one of the
first things tested at camps. Other
subjects advisable for students to
take are basic courses in mathematics
and typing. Capt. R. E. Cassidy of
the Naval ROTC suggested ballistics,
and trigonometry.
It was further brought out that
physical education must become in-
creasingly important in the nation's
war effort on the basis of draft re-
In the last war 48 per cent of the
young men were turned down because
of physical incapability and in the
present draft the percentage is much
higher, 60 to 468 per cent of those
examined are not physically fit. The
biggest rejection comes in the lower
age brackets. As Prof. C. M. Davis
of the geography department termed
it a nation of "old young men."
First Blackout
Of ' Hospital
Is Successful
A lone ray of light issued from the
blacked-out University Hospital Fri-
day night during the first practice
defense measures held in the 12-story
Termed a success by the hospital
committee in charge, the blackout
was marred only by a light in a fifth-
floor private bathroom window which
took between five and eight minutes
to locate. It was later learned- that
the light had been turned out by a
nurse but was later turned on by the
Approximately 80 staff members-
nurses, attendants, orderlies and in-
terns were on duty at the time. Every-
one carried out his assignments
perfectly, Dr. Albert C. Kerlik-
owske, assistant medical director, an-
In the midst of the blackout an
ambulance case was brought to the
hospital. Little confusion resulted
despite the emergency, it was said.
The exact time for the blackout,f
which began at 10:45 p.m. and last-1
ed approximately 15 minutes, was
not revealed to the staff. Thurs-
day and Friday the internes and
nurses were instructed to expect a
test, but the rest of staff had no in-
Preliminary practice started last
Tuesday when curtains in as many
windows as possible were drawn at
5 p.m. Nurses were instructed to
remain in their assigned wards, and

internes were told to report to their
stations in the event of a blackout.
The hospital ordered flashlights
immediately after Dec. 7. Four have
been placed on \each nurse's desk
and one has been assigned to each








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