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January 14, 1942 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1942-01-14

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VOL. LII No. 78A ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 14, 1942 Z-323

PRICE FiV CENTS

9

Mexico Seeks
Pan-Ainerican
Unit Accord
Against Axis
Colombia, Venezuela Join
Bloc To Sever Relations
With Warring Powers,
At Conference Thursday
Argentine Position
SubjectOf Concern
BUENOS AIRES, Jan. 13.-(I)-
Acting President Ramon S. Cas-
tillo said in a press conference to-
night that he "fully supported" his
foreign minister's declaration that
Argentina is unable to agree on
military alliances or other "mea-
sures of prebelligerency" at the Rio
de Janeiro Pan-American Confer-
ence. He said Argentina would
follow "its traditional international
policies." '
RIO DE JANEIRO, Jan. 13.-(P-
Mexico's foreign minister Ezequiel
Padilla disclosed today that his na-
tion, Colombia and Venezuela had
formed a bloc which would seek a
United Pan-American severance of
relations with "the nations at war
with the United States" at the Pan-
American Conference opening Thurs-
- ay.
"There are three groups in this
conference.: those Central American
and Caribbean nations wishing an
-outright declaration of war; an op-
posite group desiring a declaration of
a state of non-befligerency, and the
group, including Mexico, which will
support a break in relations-the
step which we believe is favored by
the United States," Padilla said.
Relations Severed
Nations in the Mexican bloc al-
ready have, severed relations with
the Axis powers. The Central Amer-
ican and Caribbean countries have
declared wa.
Severance of diplomatic relations
would mean the ousting of Ais dip-
lomats and agents throughout the
Latin American republics.
"Our task is to conciliate the group
wishing to declare war-but which is
a not in a position to effectively carry
on a war effort-with the group
'wishing non-belligerency, which
would prove harmful to the United
'States," Padilla, said.'
.s Padilla added that Mexio's posi--
tion was clear: support of the most
feasible program to rid the Western
Hemisphere of enemy agents.
Enemy Submarine
Sinks Armed Ship
AN EAST COAST CANADIAN
PORT, Jan. 13,-__P)-An enemy sub-
marine brought the, war closer to
American shores within the last two
days by sinking without warning a
large armed steamship 160 miles off
.Nova Scotia.
Two torpedoes finished Qff the
liner, presumably British, and ac-
counted for perhaps 90 lives. Ninety-
one were known rescued after 20
chill hours in near zero weather on
the bleak Atlantic. Among those
saved were 66 Chinese, believed to
have been crewmen. m
Eemy submarines have been re-
ported close to both shores of Amer-
ica, but this sinking was the nearest
attack yet to the eastern coast. Jap-

REVISED UNIVERSITY CALENDAR
Old Program Near Program
First semester exam. period Jan. 31-Feb. 11 Jan. 28-Feb. 4

'N

0

Second semester registration Feb. 12-14
Beginning of second semesterFeb. 16
Spring vacation . . . . . . April 10-1
Final examinations . . . . June 6-16

9

Feb. 5-7
Feb. 9
Omitted
May 20-27
May 30

Commencement Day .

. . . June 20.

Play Production Presents:
'George Washington Slept Here'
To Begin Three-Day Run Today

By GLORIA NISHON
Today at 8 : O p.m. the curtain of
the Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre will
rise on "George. Washington Slept
Here," Play Production's third offer-
ing of the current dramatic season.
The play, which is under the direc-
tion of Valentine B. Windt, Associate
Professor of the Department of
Sp ech and Director of Play Produc-
'ti , will be given toddy through
Saturday each evening.
Written in the typical George S.
Kaufman-Moss Hart comedy vein,
the plot concerns the trials of own-
ing a "place in the country." New-
ton Fuller, played by William Alt-
man, '42, buys and" remodels an old
house in the country much to the
delight of his daughter Madge,
played by Mildred Janusch, '43, and
the disgust of his wife Annabelle,
Veitch Purdom, '42.
To make matters worse they are
beset by insect plagues and tree
blights-not to mention the hordes
of guests who descend upon them.
Notable among these is "dear".Uncle
Stanley, the rich relative who has
to be given the white meat, the com-
fortable chair, special food, and who
can't stand a draft or any noise.
The climax of the laugh comedy is
reached when the vengeful Fullers
tear their home to pieces to prevent
the former owner from repossessing
it in the improved state.
The play is a revival of the pre-

MILDRED JANUSCH
sentation by the Michigan Repertory
Players last summer. It replaces
"Flight to the West" as Play Pro-
duction's third bill because the melo-
drama had lost significance with
America's entry into the war.
Tickets for the production are on
sale from 10 a.m. to 8:30 p.m. every
day through Saturday.

Artillery Fire
Administers
Jap_ Setback
American Forces Shatter
Enemy Concentrations,
Cause Nippon Retreat
WASHINGTON, Jan. 13. - (P) -
Weary, outnumbered and fighting
with their backs to the sea, the forces
of General Douglas MacArthur have
nevertheless administered a jarring
setback to the Japanese invader.
American artillery "definitely super-f
ior" to that of the Japanese did the
job.
As reported today by the War De-
partment. 24 hours of continuous
fighting had shattered and dispersed
columns of enemy tanks, and arm-
ored units.
It had scattered enemy infantry
concentrations and inflicted heavy
losses upon them.
It had silenced eleven artillery
batteries-probably forty or more
guns.
And it had forced Japanese artil-
lery units to withdraw a consider-
able distance.
MacArthur's losses were described
as "relatively slight." Enemy air ac-
tivity was limited to dive bombing
intendedsto increase the effect of
Japanese cannonading. There were
no enemy air attacks on Corregidor
or other fixed fortifications.
Thus the day and night-long bat-
tle left MacArthur in a somewhat
improved position, still patently the
master of Batan Peninsula, the rug-
ged tongue of land between Manila
Bay and the South China Sea, which
he chose for a last desperate stand.
Nevertheless, his was still a de-
laying battle, aimed primarily at
keeping busy on the island of Luzon
enemy troops, planes and mechanized
equipment which otherwise would be
thrown into the battle for Singapore
and the Dutch East Indies"
In the absence of any reports that
the American and Filipino fighters
advanced as the Japs withdrew, it
was assumed that they were holding
fast to carefully selected defense po-
sitions-probably selected months
ago by the crafty strategist MacAr-
thur-which had already proved their
military value.
Defense Survey
Will Close Today;
Questionnaires Due
Students who have failed to fill
out or to return questionnaires for
the campus defense survey sponsored
by the Committee of 1942, are re-
aues~ted to do so immediiatelyas the

Exam Period Cut
To 7 Days; School
Will Close May27
The University of Michigan landed on the band-
wagon of war-speeded education with a resounding
thump today as a precedent-breaking Deans' Confer-
ence approved the first of a series of drastic changes in
University policy which called for:
(1) shortening of final examination periods,
(2) omission of Spring Vacation, andF
(3) moving of Commencement to May 30. m
Opening the development of a program which is
expected to include a three semester year, administra-S
tive officials announced today that all schools and col-
leges of the University will cooperate in the elimination
of slack from their schedules.
Jan. 28 has been set as the new opening date of firstt
semester final examinations, and they will close on
Feb. 4. Only the Law School will be excepted, their
examination period beginning Jan. 24.
The Law School must work in 15-week semesters
to comply with legal requirements for bar examina-t
tions. The exams in this school will begin Saturday,B
Jan. 24 and will end' Feb. 2.
Individual colleges and schools are revising theirc
own examination arrangements.
Three two-hour final examinations will be given
each day in the Literary, Engineering and Education
Schools. Dean Wells I. Bennett of the School of Archi-t
tecture and Design said that many courses in his school
will have no finals because of laboratory work. In other
cases the examinations will be shortened or givenG
before the end of the school year.
Announcements in the graduate schools will be,
made shortly while it is expected that the examinationsc
in the School of Forestry and Conservation will still bet
three hours.
All final arrangements will be printed in The Daily.
With the shortening of the examination period, the1
second semester will start Feb. 9, and student registra-j
tion and classification is scheduled to take place Feb..
5-7.
Omission of Spring Vacation and the moving of
second semester finals to the week of May 20-27 will
enable the University to hold Commencement May 30,
and thus graduate some 2,000 students more than three
weeks early. ,,,
The Medical School is reported to be arranging a
plan for opening its Summer Session June 7 and on'
that date begin a three-year course system. The Dental
School will follow the same scheme, cooperating in its
arrangements with the Medical School. Under their
plans freshmen will be encouraged to take summer
work, but the regular beginning of their new program
will wait until fall. All present students not graduating
are expected to stay for a full-length Summer Session.
Unverified and often wild rumors which have
swept'the campus for days were thus brought to an end1

Nelson Made
Generalissimo
Of Production
By Roosevelt
Capital Action Anticipates
Wide Demand For End
To 'Debating Society'
Methods Of Old Board
osition Is Superior
To Wallace, Cabinet
WASHINGTON, Jan. 13. - (P) -
President Roosevelt created a one-
nan control over America's vast war
production effort tonight with all.
power concentrated in "Donald U"
Nelson, as a sort of genegalisslo of .
supply.
The surprise announcement was
given out at the White House about
two hours before Wendell L.' Willkie, r
Republican Presidential nominee in
1940, was to go on the air with a de-
wand th one-man control be setup
to end "debating #scety"' methods.
An advance text of the Willke
speech had been distributed in Wash-
ington early in the day, and Willkie
himself had conferred at the White
House thisforenoon.
In actually delivering his epeech
tonight, Willkie deleted the demand
for the$ one-man set-up in view o
Mr. Roosevelt's action.
New Board
Under the President's plan, still in-
complete, a new war production
board will be established, and Nelson
made its chairman. Nelson. has been
serving as Executive Director of the
Supply Priorities and Allocations
Board. Members of SPAB, compris-
ing some of the highest officials of
the government, will serve on the new
board-under Nelson.
The big bluff pipe-smoking Nelson'
who came into the defense program
as its purchasing agent some months
ago and has stepped constantly into
more responsible positions, will have
the power of final decision on all
questions of procurement and pro-
duction.
He will be the big boss, the war-
time czar, empowered to tell Ameri-n nutywa t o n oe.
can inusr whtt o nd toex-
Pect its ready compliance. His only
superior officer is President Roose-
velt himself.. Washington Immedi-
ately concluded that Nelson's posi-
tion here would be roughly equiva-
lent to that of Lord Beaverbrook, ther
British Minister of Supply.
Unifies Control
The new move, too, meets a demand
that has been raised almost con-
stantly since the rearmament effort
began in 1940, that. there be a tari-
fied control of production.
Since America became a belliger-
ent, the same demand has increased
in intensity. Tonight for instance,
not only Willkie, but Chairman Con-
nally (Dem.-Tex.) of the Senate For-
eign Relations Committee urged such
a reorganization.
Asserting that "we need decisions
not discussions, we need planes, not
predictions, we needtanks, not talki"
Willkie said in his prepared text that
the President should "disregard the
political headache" and appoint a
single individual to head up the pro-
duction effort "with ability to decide
and authority to act."
Connally said the Office of Pro-
duction Management was in "a state
of confusion and overlapping" and
needed one big, double-fisted, hard-
boiled man to run it--.qrnehntiuwht

Modern Caravan Follows Route:
Color Film Of India's Wonders
Will Be Shown By Thaw Today

Lawrence Thaw, world traveller
and exploiver long famous for his out-
standing travelogues of Africa, will
bring his new color picture on India
to an Oratorical audience at :8:15'
p.m. today in Hill Auditorium.
Tickets will be sold from 10 a.m.
until 8:15 p.m. today in the auditor-
ium box office.
Undaunted by the prospects of war,
the Thaw family sailed from New
York with the aim of following the
ancient silk route that runs from In-
dia to Paris, via Iran, Iraq, Syria,
Turkey, the Balkans and Austria.
For this trip they assembled 15
tons of equipment and a fleet of five
vehicles. As flagship they designed
for themselves a land yacht, a roomy
40 foot trailer, completely air-con-
ditioned, costing $80,000.
After many discouraging incidents,
they followed the ancient trade route
and finally in November crossed
through Khyber Pass into India. Dis-
13layed on their gorgeous color films,
photographed by Hollywood camera-

men, are the unbelievable sights they
saw-the gardens of Shalimar, the
white marble Taj Mahal, funeral
ghats on the banks of the Ganges, the
Juggernaut at Puri, the ruins of the
world's largest city on the island of
Ceylon.
University Council
Will MeetMonday
Members of the University Senate
have been invited to a special meet-
ing of the University Council, at 4:15
p.m., Monday, Jan. 19 in the Rack-
ham Amphitheatre, it was announced
at 11:15 a.m. today.
The meeting will be held to dis-
cuss matters relating to adjustment
to war conditions. This session pro-
posed at the University Council meet-
ing yesterday, will be open to all
members of the University Senate.
The Council is a smaller representa-
tive body of the University.

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