THE MICHIGAN DAILY
e midligan Batty
Washington Merry- Go-Round
By DREW PEARdoN and ROBERT S. ALLEN
(Continued from Page 2)
Pharmacy students: Secretary's
Office, 250 Chemistry Building.
Dentistry students: Secretary's Of-
fice, 202 Dentistry Building.
Architecture and Design students:
207 Architecture Building.
-4ua -A-uef~ -c +annt*uiunr'ei
Edited and managed by students of the Univrrsity of
chigan under the authority of, the Board in Control
Published every morning except Monday during the
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cHiCAO * BOSTON . -Los ANGELES * SAN FRANCISCO
ember, Associated Collegiate Press, 1941-42
vid Lachenbruch .
. City Editor
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. . . Sports7
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.* . . Exchange
WASHINGTON-Alibis cannot very well ex-
plain away how both Army and Navy Intelli-
gence had their guard down so carelessly when
Japanese planes swooped down out of the early
morning sky at Hawaii on Sunday.
Their only explanation so far is that the Pacific
is a very wide ocean. However, U.S. Naval Intel-
ligence at least is supposed to keep a careful
eye on when Japanese warships leave port and
notify U.S. naval stations in the Pacific to watch
out for them.
In 1932, for instance, during the Japanese in-
vasion of Manchuria, the Japanese fleet left
mysteriously, and for several weeks the U.S. fleet
wason the alert trying to figure out its destina-
In recent years, however, both intelligence
services have been under the cdmmand of draw-
ing-room experts. General Sherman Miles, in
charge of Military Intelligence, is a charming
gentleman who has surrounded himself with
wealthy young blue-bloods. Only members of
the best families can qualify for Military Intelli-
gence, and how much they know about the life1
around a Japanese waterfront is questionable.
Similarly, Naval Intelligence has been in charge
of two delightful gentlemen, Captain Alan Kirk
and now Captain Ted Wilkinson. Both have
their names listed in the Social Register, the
blue-bloods list of Washington's selected social-
ites. Wilkinson has a large mansion across the
Potomac in Virginia, and there he entertains in
the very best manner, but when it came to dock-
ing the U.S.S. Mississippi in New York it took
him six and a half hours.
Captains Kirk and Wilkinson are great assets
at dinner parties, and apparently want all their
young men to be likewise, for no man can get
into Naval Intelligence unless both grandfathers
and grandmothers were born in the U.S.A. Not
even Wendell Wilkie could qualify.
Obviously it is the man who can speak a few
languages, is not afraid to get his hands dirty
in close contact with life, and who is not too
particular regarding the percentage of blue
blood in his veins, who should be able to bring in
Mrs. Roosevelt And Japanese
Mrs. Roosevelt is one of the most even-temper-
ed, good-natured persons in the world. But no
one in Washington was more irate than she when
the news first broke that Japan had sprung a
Hitler double-cross on Hawaii during the middle
of her husband's appeal to Emperor Hirohito.
On the fateful Sunday of the bombardment,
Mrs. Roosevelt came into the White House while
the President was talking to the Japanese Am-
bassador. She said nothing at the time, but her
lips tightened up into a firm straight line -
sure sign that the First Lady's dander is up.
Afterward, she told friends.
"Imagine the nerve of that man sitting with
my hisband in the White House when Japan-
ese bombs were falling on our boys! And when
I came up he got up and actually bowed and was
full of smiles!
niel H. Huyett
tnes B. Collins
Associate Business Manager
.Women'sl Advertising Manager
. Women's Business Manager
NIGHT EDITOR DAN BEHRMAN
The -ediorials published in The Michigan
5 Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
F. D. R.'s Address
Praised For Statesmanship
. S AMERICANS began the job of set-
tling down to the grim fact that this
Is a country at war, it seemed good to hear the
%aim, clear, confident voice of our Commander-
tn-chief outlining concisely, yet completely, that
Which we are to do.
Without pauses for rhetorical effect, without
haranguting, and without hysteria, President
Roosevelt set forth not only our immediate task,
3ut our eventual goals.
In the midst of a sudden, unprovoked attack,
it took real courage -and foresight to take the
longer view, to prepare for the victory of hu-
inanity at the same time that plans had to be
made to fight a vicious hand-to-hand battle in
Yet the Presidentdid exactly that in stressing
that our war with Japan is not to be one of re-
venge, but rather one fought with the sense of
dignity that a nation can retain only when it is
fighting for an ideal, only when it is fighting in
defense of something more universal than na-
tional honor or national interests.
THERE CAN BE NO DOUBT that as President
Roosevelt delivered this most historic of
fireside addresses that a million thoughts of
where to move next, and how to accomplish im-
mediate aims flashed through his mind.
Yt with an amazing steadiness of purpose
and with a complete lack of ostentation he
named one by one the crimes against humanity
of the international gangsters., They rolled forth
one after another, but there was no screaming
hbte in the voice of the man who repeated them,
no half-hysterical fear that this nation would be
added to the list of victims. There was rather
a clarity of vision, a breadth of outlook that
went beyond the words and found their expression
in the hearts and minds of his listeners.
President Roosevelt did not forgive those in-
ternational gangsters for their crimes,- neither
did he say that their guilt would bring no pun-
ishment. But he did emphasize that their pun-
ishment is not the primary aim of this nation
in its tremendous effort. It is, instead, as he
pointed out, the reestablishment of human de-
Vency throughout the world, the eventual safe-
guarding for all time of the security of peaceful
peoples interested only in the improvement of
JN THE ACCOMPLISHMENT of all this, the
President stated, we nust realize that Japan is
not our sole enemy, but is in fact the tool of that
greater menace to freedom, Hitler Germany. We
must be prepared to fight not just one treacher-
ous nation, but we must fight the whole vast
Axis organization, realizing that a victory for the
Allies anywhere in the world is a victory for
democracy and freedom.
We are going to win the war and the peace as
well, but as President Roosevelt declared, we
must understand that we are not representing
our own cause alore, but the cause of the mil-
lions all over the globe who look to us for lead-
ership in the restoration ofthe world to a new
and greater sanity.
The one member of the Cabinet who had a
consistently 100 per cent, though sometimes un-
popular, batting record regarding Japan was
the toe-stepping, hit-'em-harder Secretary of the
Interior Harold Ickes.
No one outside the Cabinet ever knew just
how many tough fights Ickes had with Secretary
of State' Hull over appeasing Japan. For a time it
got so that Hull would not speak to him.
Ickes argued way back in 1937, when Japan,
first invaded China, that the United States
-should cooperate with Britain in shutting off
Japan's oil and the raw materials of war. And
he kept plugging this theme and getting into the
hair of the State Department with unremitting
zeal ever since.
He brought the matter up again in 1938 when
the Japanese sank the U.S. gunboat Panay, ob-
viously a test by the war lords to see whether
the United States would take it lying down.
Then, in 1940. Ickes joined with Morgentpau,
Stimson and Knox in trying to persuade the
President td embargo all oil, gasoline and scrap
iron. Once again Secretary Hull opposed, and
persuaded the President to delay the oil em-
bargo until almost a year later, by which time
Japan had built up a year's reserve of oil -
which she has today.
Meanwhile, the State Department got so sore
at Ickes that they actually started a bureau of
their own regarding the islands of the Carib-
bean, competing with Ickes' division of Terri-
tories and Insular Affairs. In fact, the State
Department almost hired as chief of this division
the Governor of the Virgin Islands whom Ickes
Secret- South American Bases
One clue as to how carefully the Japanese and
Nazis prepared for the attack on the U.S. was
unearthed by the Congressional Committee
which investigated aviation conditions in South
They discovered that six Messerschmidt planes
recently were flown into Colombia by Japanese
pilots. The planes and pilots later disappeared,
but it is well known that Colombia is dotted with
German "finas" or plantations, many of them
not too far distant from the Panama Canal.
These plantations are isolated establishments,
where no outsider can ascertain, exactly what
The Congressional Committee also learned
that the Japanese had secretly stored 8,000 tons
of dynamite at Medellin, and that other high
explosives were stored by Japanese fifth col-
Another, revealing clue was the report that
Japanese and Nazi agents had established twelve
secret air bases in the Colombian jungles in con-
nection with German plantations,.
It was significant that Japanese struck first
not at the Philippines, which is armed to the
teeth with heavy bombers, but at Hawaii. Ha-
waii had sent its best war planes on to the Phil-
ippines . . . If the navy had read the newspapers
it might have been better prepared last Sunday.
Constantine Brown, foreign affairs expert of the
Washington Star, predicted war with Japan ten
days in advance and named Sunday, Dec. 7, as
the starting date ...I
Current sight is always easier than foresight,
but looking backwards it might have been better
not to have arrested all those German spies. J.
Edgar Hoover was running a radio station for
them, though they didn't know it, and had pos-
session o the secret Nazi code. Continued pos-
session of that code might have revealed the
hookup between Hitler and the Japanese war
lords and the plans! for attack. However, the
Justice Department wanted to show that Dies
was not the only one who was chasing spies and
overruled Hoover's arguments for continuing to
watch the spies but not arrest them ...
Incidentally, both Hoover and Dies appre-
hended several Japanese agents on the West
Coast, together with reams of documents show-
ing their espionage activities. In one case, the
State Department forced Hoover to turn Japan-
ese loose even though an American confederate
was convicted. In the case of ]hies the State De-
partment requested him not to publish his sen-
sational material . -
TO THE EDITOR
Education students: Recordxer s v-
fice, 1437 University Elementary
Business Administration students:
108 Tappan Hall.
Forestry and Conservation stu-
dents: Recorder's Office. 2048 Na-
tural Science Building.
Music students: Office of the
School, School of Music Building.
Public Health students: 2014 Kel-
logg Institute Building.
Graduate School students: Office
of the School, Rackham Building.
To the Members of the Depart-
ments of Latin and Greek: There will
be a departmental luncheon today
at 12:10 p.m. in the Founders' Room1
at the Michigan Union.
Public Health Students: All stu-
dents in the School of Public Health
who expect certificates or degrees in
February, 1942, must make applica-
tion 4t once in Room 2014 Kellogg
Institute. The applications must be
filed not later than December 19.
Women students wishing employ-"
ment during the holidays are asked
to register at the Office of the Dean h
of Women. There are many oppor- C
tunities for employment in private1
Byrl F. Bach
Assistant Dean of N
Summer Camp Work:
who plan to be in the East d
holidays, who are interested
jobs for next summer, shou
touch with the Bureau of
ments, 201 Mason Hall. I
,an be arranged with cam
whom calls have alreadyI
University Bureau of App
and Occupational Infor:
er, i This examination is for appoint-
Women ment in Washington. D.C., only. For
positions in the field service, consult
Students your district manager.
uring the This examination will be open for
in camp applications until further notice. Fur-
td get in ther information may behobtained
Adpgetin from, the notice filed in the Bureau
Appoit- of Appointments, 201 Mason Hill.
nterviews 9 ponm 24-
ps from Office hours 9- 2; 2-4.
been re- Bureau of Appointments and
- k (h- rT1
"Will and I couldn't agree-he wanted to spend his salary for
food, rent and clothing, while I wanted to spend it for food,
rent, clothing, automobiles, jewelry, parties and lots of other
as received notice of the following
ivil Service examination.'
Junior Stenographer, $1.440.
Junior Typist, $1,260.
Boston Symphony Concert
Symphony in D major (Haffner) K. 385 .... Mozart
Symphony No. 3 (In two parts and
four movements) .................. Schuman
Symphony No. 4 in E minor, Op. 98 ........Brahms
*' * *
The Boston Orchestra played last night with
all the inspiration, technique, tone and all such
musical qualities that are usually demanded of
a major organization and which the Bostonians
usually produce during their Ann Arbor appear-
Dr. Koussevitzky led his musicians through the
Mozart with all the finesse and delicate maneu-
vering so as to leave a flawless performance in
his wake. He took utmost advantage of Mozart's
meager thematic devices by bringing them to
a subtle balance and unity that a less skilled
hand could easily depress into monotony,
A feature of the evening was the performance
of a new work by the contemporary American
composer, William Schuman. As to its good or
permanent qualities, it is difficult to say, but
as a musicianly work it- is undeniably excellent.
It was of particular interest to hear the modern
technique of harmonic and thenatic invention
applied to old forms such as the passacaglia,
fugue, chorale, and toccata. Indeed, his ad-
vanced harmonic and thematic style made the
outlines of the forms difficult to apprehend with
the exception of the fugue which seemed to ad-4
here to the customary procedure. On the whole,
the work was a vast contrapuntal structure that,
at the same time, indulged in some very extra-
ordinary orchestration.' Yet in spite of its com-
plexity, the virtuoso aspects of the orchestra gave
the work a diabolical clarity.
If the Work lacked appeal in its melodic phases,
then it made up for this lack in its extreme
range of dynamics, steady and insistent tempi'
and its kaleidoscopic panorama of instrumental
The final symphony, the Brahms, brought a
welcome relief from the strident harmonies of
the work that preceded it. It is always a pleas-
ure to, hear a live performance of this sym-
phony. Themes and thematic manipulation, so
apparent in last night's performance, are fre-
quently lost even in the finest recordings. Dr.
Koussevitzky gave the work a superior reading
and his musicians responded with a tonal warmth
and flexibility that should have moved the most
unimpressive person in the audience.
If any two movements could be singled out for
special mention, they were the second and last.
ICivil Service: The Bureau of Ap-
pointments and Occupational Inf or-
mation has received notice of the fol-
lowing Civil ServicenExaminations:
Jr. Forestry Aid, $1,680 per year,'
last filing date December31, 1941. ,
Sr.Forestry Aid, $1,980 per year,
last filing date December 31, 1941. c
Junior Forester, $2,460 per year,r
last filing date December 31, 1941.
Public Health Nurse, $1,560 per
year,applications accepted until fur-
ther notice, examination date Janu-
ary 8, 1942.
General Staff Nurse, $1,680 per
year, applications will be accepted
until further notice, examination
January 8, 1942. ,
General Staff-JNurse (relief) $1,680
per year, applications accepted until
further notice, examination date,
January 8, 1942.
lineman, $1.44 per hour, last fil-
ing date January 26, 1942.
Transportation Equipment Oper-
ator, 79c to 84c per hour, last filing
date January 5, 1942.
Refrigeration Inspector, $2,460 per
year, last filing date December 23,
While these are Detroit Civil Serv-
ice, the residence requirement is
waived except in the case of the last
two positions listed. For further no-
tice, please call at the Bureau, 201
University Bureau of Appointments
and Occupational Information
The University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Information
has received information of the fol-
lowing Civil Service examinations.
United States Civil Service
Head Photographer, $2,600, Janu-
ary 3, 1942.
Senior Photographer, $2,000, Janu-
ary 3, 1942.
Assistant Photographer, $1,620,
January 3, 1942.
Under Photographer, $1,260, Jan-
uary 3, 1942.
Principal Field Representative,
$4,600 (Apprenticeship), January 12,
Senior Field Representative (Ap-
prenticeship), $3,800, January 12,
Field Representative (Apprentice-
ship), $3,200, January 12, 1942.
Assistant Field Representative (Ap-
prenticeship), $2,600, January 12,
Senior Electrician, $1,860, January
Electrician, $1,680. January 8,
Head Investigator,.$4,600, until fur-
Principal Investigator, $3,800, un-
til further notice.
Investigator, $3,200, until further
Office Appliance Repairman, $1,-
680, January 8, 1942.
680, January 8, 1942 (for appoint-
ment in Washington, D.C., and vi-
Michigan Civil Service
State Revenue Commissioner. $6,-
000, December 11, 1941.
Tnformation concerning these ex-
Vacuum Company will be in the
offices of the University Bureau of
Appointments on December 11 to in-
terview applicants. Students in .Me-
chanical, Civil and Chemical and
Metallurgical engineering will be in-a
terviewed, and also -students in Busi-
ness Administration,ucovering ac-
counting and marketing. The So-
cony-Vacuum Company is consider-
ing applfjants for both the foreign
and domestic service.
Appointments and complete infor-
mation may be obtained froitl the1
Bureau of Appointments, 201 Mason
hall. Office hours 9-12; 2-4.
Bureau of Appointments 1
and Occupational Information
Exhibition, College of Architecture,
and Design: Collection of pottery,
the work of Mary Chase Stratton of-
the Pewabic Pottery, given to the
University by Dr. Walter R. Parker,
is being shown in the ground floor
cases of the Architecture Building.
Open daily, 9:00-5:00 p.m., through
Dec. 19. The public is invited.
University Lecture: Mr. LaurEnce
C. S. Sickman, Curator of Oriental
Art, Nelson Gallery of Art, Kansas
City, Missouri, will lecture on the sub-
ject, "Landscape Painting of the Sung#
Dynasty" (illustrated) under the aus-
pices of the Institute of Fine Arts, on
Friday, December 12, at 4:15 p.m. in
the Rackham Amphitheater. The
public is cordially invited.
Tecire. Prnfsor R R AB..shcm
)oration. All engineering students
The Ann Arbor Library Club will
.neet tonight at 7:45 in Room 319 of
he Michigan Union.
The program will be in the form
of a panel discussion on "Present
Day Problems of the Librarian " Mr.
Edward Heintz will act as chairman
of the discussion. Refreshments.
Varsity Glee Club will rehearse to-
night at 8:00. All Choral Union meni
and Sunday rehearsal men must be
there to prepare for the Grosse
The Social Service Seminar, con-
sidering the social problems arising
from the building of the Ypsilanti
bomber plant, will meet at Lane Hall
tonight at 7:30. Professor Amos
Hawley of the Sociology Department
will lead the discussion by presenting
the pertinent material collected by
his graduate seminar on the subject.
The Seminar is sponsored by the
Student Religious Association.
La Sociedad' Hispanica- will meet
tonight at 8:00 in the League. The
second group of new members will be
initiated. All new and old memoers,
however, are urged to attend. See
bulletin in League for Room Num-
Initiation and dinner of Phi Kap-
pa Phi tonight at 6:00 in the Ethel
Fountain Hussey Room of the Michi-
gan League. Dean Ivan C. Crawford
will speak on the subject, "The Edu-
cational System of the United States
The Jewish-Gentile Relations Sem-
inar, sponsored by the Student Re-
ligious Associaton, will meet at Lane
Hall tonight at 7:30.
R.O.T.C. Drum and Bugle Corps
meets at 7:30 today in R.O.T.C. Hall.
Bring instruments. Please turn in
Phi Delta Kappa will hold its win-
ter initiation at 4:30 this afternoon
in the Michigan Union. At the ban-
quet at 6:30, Lieutenant Robie E.
Palmer, U.S.N., will speak on "The
Navy and Current World Affairs.'
All members are invited.
i/Gi: g. B.li e r t 1 Lit L.7 7 .i1 i.l. L7. I3Allt.il131 '(
01 Wayne University will give tne __
first in a series of lectures under the
auspices of La Sociedad Hispanica. Quarterdeck Society , All interest-
His subject is "El Hombre: Punto ed in ship construction are invited to
Focal del Arte Espanol." The lecture attend an pen meeting At the Rack
will be given today at 4:15 p.m. in Motion pictures of "The Art of Ship-
Room D of Alumni Memorial Hall. building," a technical exposition of
Tickets may be secured at the door mbethods and constructional details,
and everyone interested is invited. m o will de shown.
To the Editor:
The Michigan Chapter of S.D.D. in full cog-
nizance of the opportunities for the destruction
of fascism offered by war with Japan has passed
the following resolution to clarify its policy du-
ing the present emergency:
WHEREAS, the United States of America has
declared a state of war exists between the United
States and the Empire of Japan, and
WHEREAS, the Empire of Japan finds strong
support in its allies as indicated through the
Tri-Partite Pact between that nation, Germany
and Italy, and I
- WHEREAS, the empire of Japan finds strong
support in its allies as indicated through the
Anti-Comintern Pact between the above nations
and sundry vassal nations of Germany, there-
BE IT RESOLVED: That the University of
Michigan Chapter of Student Defenders of
French Lecture: Professor Arthur
L. Dunham, of the Department of
History, will give the third of the
FrenchnLectures sponsored by the
Cercle Francais on Tuesday, Dec. 16,
at 4:15 p m. in Room D, Alumni
Memorial Hall. The title will be:
"La Crfiquete de 1'Europe par la
France pendant la Revolution et la
Tickets for the series of lectures
may be procured from the Secretary
of the Department of Romance Lan-
gpages Moom 112, Romance Lan-
guage Building) or at the door at the.
time of the lecture for a small sum.
Holders of these tickets are entitled
to admission to all lectures, a small
additional charge being made for the
annual play. These lectures are open
to the general public.
Psychological Journal Club will
meet tonight at 7:30. Dr. C. W.
Crannell will report on his work
on "Choice-Point Behavior" in the
East Conference Room of the Rack-
JGP costume committee will meet
today at 3:30 p.m. in the League.
J.G.P. Ticket Comnmittee meeting
today at 4:30 p.m. in the League. All
committee members And any others
interested in working on this com-
mittee please be prompt.
Interviews for Orientation Advis-
ers, names J. Schermerhoen through
N. Ward, will be today, 3:00-5:30
p.m., in the undergraduate office of
the League. Women must bring
their eligibility cards to the inter-
Ushering Committee of J.G.P. will
meet today at 5:00 p.m. in the
League. Those who were present at
the meeting Monday are not re-
quired to attend.
Modern Dance Club will meet this
evening at t7:30 in Barbour Gym-
"Labor in Defense of America" is
the subiect of the American Student