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December 10, 1941 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1941-12-10

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VOL. LII. No. 62 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 10, 1941 Z-323

PRIGS FMVECENTS

Roosevelt

Warns U. S. Of Long, Hard War

. ___..
C

Hitler To Announce German Stands

President Denies Claims

Nazi Policy
Declaration
Is Awaited
Berlin Antidipates Meeting
Of Reichstag To Hear
Government's Decision
'Ominous Silence'
PervadesCapital
---- BULLETIN ---
NEW YORK, Dec. 9-(P)-The
British radio quoted the official
Tokyo spokesman tonight as say-
ing: "We have asked Germany to
declare war on America."
This report, heard here by NBC,
was similar to one relayed by Lon-
don earlier in the day.
BERLIN Wednesday, Dec. 10-(IP)
-Ominous silence prevailed in the
Wilhelmstrasse early today in antici-
pation of a declaration by Adolf Hitler
during the day on Germany's policy
toward Japan's war on the United
States and Britain.
There were persistent reports, ap-
parently supported by postponement
of tonight's opera performance, that
khe Kroll Opera House would be the
scene of a Reichstag session. It is
here that the Reichstag meets to hear
important pronouncements by Hitler.
Usually well-informed sources free-
ly predicted that clarification of Ger-
many's stand is imminent but com-
mentators refrained from 'elaborating
on Just, when and how it would be
One sign of big things in the mak-
ing was the absence of Wilhelmstrasse
functionaries from their spare-time
haunts early today.
An authorized spokesman said last
night he could not tell whether there
would be a change in German-Amer-
ican relations within24hours.
"I can't say," he remarked. "The
situation has not changed."
Other well-informed sources said
meanwhile that "a clarifying German
statement" could be expected soon.
"In view of the far-reaching im-
portance of this question, such a
statement will not be long delayed,"
said the authoritative commentary
Dienst Aus Deutschland.
Male Females
Trip Fantastic
Ian "Full House'
Mimes presented the 1942 Michigan
Union Opera last night at the Men-
delssohn. Title: "Full House." It
wasn't. As the grapevine starts
functioning, attendance mayr or may
not pick up.
But last night, probably because
the premiere had been anticipated
by world events, and too because
President Roosevelt's speech was
scheduled for 10 o'clock, there was
not so large an audience as is ordi-
narily the case at these affairs. In
order that the first-night audience
might hear the President, Act I of
the Opera was speeded up. This
should serve as a partial explanation
of the lack of pace, and a certain
nervousness observable among the
cast and it must be added, the audi-
ence, through most of the first scene.
With the introduction, of the can
can chorus, the always enjoyable
pony line, things picked up a bit, and
though from time to time thereafter
scenes would start sliding towrd the
*exit, certain really excellent comics,

(Continued on Page 4)

Coast Radio
Ends Silence
Of 12Hours
Brig. General Warns Air
Attack Is Still Likely;
'Frisco Has Blackouts
Planes Scour Ocean
For Jap Carriers
SAN FRANCISCO, Dec. 9-(A )-
Pacific coast radio stations ended
nearly 12 hours of silence today dur-
ing which Army and Navy planes and
naval surface craft were reported to
have searched off the coast for possi-
ble Japanese airplane carriers and
submarines.
The exact extent of the search was
a military secret. Enemy airplane
carriers have been variously reported
off the Alaskan, North Pacific and
California coast.
In disclosing that patrols from the
2nd Interceptor Command had taken
off from Portland, Ore., to criss-cross
the ovan for 600 miles from the
shore, Brig. Gen. Carlyle H. Wash
warned the "possibility of an air at-
tack is still present."
An alarm sounded at noon today
in the San Francisco bay area, which
underwent three blackouts last night
after the army reported a fleet of
30 enemy planes had circled over
the industrial area. Today's alarm,
given as two naval planes returned
to their base, was cancelled quickly.
Radios were silenced from the last
of. the ,,early ,mrorninzgblackouts,
around 2:30 a.m., to prevent guid-
ing possible Japanese bombers to
their objectives,
"The time has passed when we're
trying to please the public with radio
programs," commented Col.' G. P.
Tourtellot of the northwest defense
command. "We're trying to save our
lives."
Broadcasts were resumed in the
early morning coincident with the
return of two big naval bombers to
their base on San Francisco bay. The
bombers returned while unconfirmed
reports were being circulated that an
enemy airplane carrier had been sunk
some 400 'miles west of San Francisco.
Other bombers returned at the same
time to their San Diego base.
In the civilian land war against
the enemy the FBI arrested approxi-
mately 350 Japanese, Germans and
Italians on the Pacific Coast. In
northern California 167 were taken
into custody, 70 in southern Califor-
nia and 152 in the Pacific Northwest.
Arrangements were made for more
blackouts all along the coast tonight
and a possible resumption of radio
silence. ,
Tentative plans were laid for a
(Continued on Page 6)
- Buy a Goodfellow Edition -
Good fellows
To Start Drive
Collections Will Be Made
On StreetsMonday
Sew up those holes in your pockets,
fill them full with the shiny products
of the U. S. mints, and venture on the
streets Monday prepared to meet the
Goodfellow Army-that's the way to
do if you want to make your "Merry
Christmas" to Ann Arbor's needy
families really ring true.
Fraternities, sororities and coopera-
tives have already begun to pledge
their contributions to the Goodfellow
Fund and campus organizations have
pledged their support to the drive

which now promises great success.
All contributions-individual and
group may be made at The Daily
business offices in the Student Pub-
lications Bldg. Pledges may be tele-
phoned in.
Money given to the Goodfellow
Fund is turned over each year to the
Family and Children's Service, for-
merly the Family Welfare Bureau.
This agency looks after the needs of
"marginal income" families through-
out the entire year-not just at
Christmas time.

The Second War In-24 Years

Of

Japanese

Supremacy

In Pacific Fighting Area

d

Surrounded by Congressional leaders, President Roosevelt signed a
declaration of war against Japan in Washington, the second war in
which the U.S. has been embroiled in 24 years. Soberly watching are
(left to right): Rep. Luther Johnson (D), Texas; Rep. Charles Eaton
(R), New Jersey; Rep. Joseph E. Martin (R), Massachusetts; Vice-
President Henry A. Wallace, Speaker Sam Rayburn, Rep. John McCor-
mack (D), Massachusetts; Sen. Charles L. McNary (R), Oregon, and
Sen. Alben W. Barkley (D), Kentucky.

Argentina Gives
United States
Port Facilities
Buenos Aires Maintains
Relations With Tokyo,
Declares Neutrality
U.S. Non-Belligerent
-BULLETIN-
HAVANA, Dec. 9-(P)-Cuba de-
clared war on Japan tonight by
unanimous votes of the Senate and
Chamber of Deputies.
(By The Associated Press)
BUENOS AIRES, Argentina, Dec. 9
--Argentina tonight granted the use
of port facilities to U. S. warships as
its contribution to hemisphere soli-
darity against Japan, but declared for
neutrality toward both Japan and
Great Britain and maintained diplo--'
matic relations with Tokyo.
While other Latin American repub-
lics rallied against Japan with dec-
larations of war, by breaking off re-
lations with Tokyo and by other man-,
ifestations of cooperation, Argentina
decreed that the United States was
a non-belligerent.
This is the device by which Ameri-
can warships will be permitted to put
into Argentine ports without time
limit and for any purpose.
The maintenance of diplomatic re-
lations with Japan would be carried
out by a new ambassador now tryingj
to reach Tokyo across the warring
acific.
The Argentine amnbassador also
planned to represent Great Britain
in Tokyo at the request of the Lon-'
(Continued on Page 6)
Party Politicians Plan
Plots For Poll Coups
Locked doors were the order-of-
the-day on campus yesterday as party
moguls schemed plots and plotted
schemes for Friday's Student Senate
election.
With 34 candidates from campus
fraternity, co-operative, dormitory
and rooming house groups slated for
the ballot, the Board of Elections re-
ported a quiet day in the campaign

Eastern Cities
Hear Air Raid
Warning Flash
New York, Boston Have
First Signals Of Danger
In City Blackout Trials
Planes Patrol Coast
NEW YORK, Dec. 9. --(1)- The
heavily-industrialized Eastern Sea-
'board from New York to Boston ex-
perienced its first air raid warnings
of the war today and for more than
two hours there were all the ear-
marks of a prelude to hostile attack,
but later the alarms appeared to be
the butgrowth- of a misunderstanding.
Somehow a report gained currency
that an attacking force was swoop-,
ing down the Newi England Coast
headed for the nation's largest city.
The report reached Mitchel Field,
Long Island, air base for the first
Army Air Force, in such a manner
as to seem "authentic and credible"
to the commanding officer and an
interception was ordered.
The result _was that the man in
the street savi and heard plenty to
make him believe it was the real
thing. It resulted, too, in a test of
warning and civilian defense organ-
izations which high army and air
forces later agreed was "a good
thing."
The stock market, always quick to
react to news of major importance,
suffered its worst slump since the
collapse of France in May, 1940, as
~a result of the alarms and the "war.
Mitchel Field sent all its planes into
the air. Navy patrols soared along
the coast. Fire and police sirens
screamed.
More than a million school children
in New York City and thousands on
Long Island and along the seaboard
were dismissed from their classes.
Boston was "alerted" for more
than an hour. The huge military
and naval establishments at New
London, Conn., took precautions.
-- Buy a Goodfeilow Edition ---
FBI Denies Arrest
of State Japanese
Denying rumors circulating around
the campus that several local Jap-
anese had been arrested, John S.
Bugas, chief agent of the Federal

Choral Union
Will Present
Concert Today
Orchestral music at its finest will
be heard when the Boston Symphony
Orchestra under the direction of Dr.
Serge Koussevitzky presents the sixth
Choral Union concert at 8:30 p.m. to-
day in Hill Auditorium.
Dr. Koussevitzky, now conducting
the orchestra in its sixtieth season,
has been at the podium since 1924.
He has attained fame both in this
country and abroad where he received
his straining in Moscow,' Paris and
London.
Now in his seventeenth year as con-
ductor, Dr. Koussevitzky has devel-
oped a vigorous method of orchestra
leading with which he has been suc-
cessful in making his music appear
alive.
Since he has been in Boston he has
kleen able to aid in the creationof a
school-the Berkshire Music Center
-which is exclusively a school for the
training of musicians. It is here that
the now-famed Berkshire Symphon-
ic Festival is held.
kDr. Koussevitzky, who -was born in
a small Russian town where his father
gave violin lessons, ran away at the
age of 14 to Moscow and enrolled in
the Philharmonic School. ere, he
studied bass-fiddle, not because he
liked the instrument, but because he
had to choose something.
The program which the Boston
Symphony will present here today is
as follows:,
Symphony in D Major (Haffner)
by Mozart; Symphony No. 3 by Wil-
liam, Schuman; Symphony No. 4 in
E Minor by Brahms.
- Buy a Goodfellow Edition --
Merchantmen
Are Captured
,japanClaims
Bound-up By Enemy Ships
Includes U.S. Liner;
Lubang Island Seized
TOKYO, Dec. 9-(official radio
picked up by AP)-The Japanese
claimed tonight to have swept up
and captured more than 200 mier-
chant ships of "enemy nationalities"
along the China coast and in the
Whangpoo River-including the 10,-
509-ton' Americal liner President
Harrison-and at the same time ret
ported an extension of the Pacific
offensive.
(German dispatches attributed to
the Japanese Army spokesman at
Shanghai a ,claim that Japanese
troops had landed in the Philippines
without losses to themselves and also
had landed on Britain's Malay Pen-
insula and in nearby Thailand with-
out casualties.
(Just where in the Philppines the
landing was claimed was not stated.
There had been previous reports,
however, that the Japanese had seiz-
ed Lubang Island, some 50 miles off
the entrance to Manila Bay)
A spokesman for the Japanese Navy
Ministry asserted that already the
balance of American-Japanese sea
power had been changed to favor
Japan and that attacks thus far
delivered had "completely shattered
all naval strategy popularized by Uni-
ted States naval experts."
Speaking of alleged American plans
for encircling Japan, he added that
Washington had miscalculated Jap-

an's strength, and "the fruit of this
irresponsible estimate has been to

Chief Executive Acknowledges Some Initial Successes
For Foe's Surprise Attacks On Hawaiian Isles;
Germany Encouraged Tokyo Move, He Declares
WASHINGTON, Dec. 9.--(P)--President Roosevelt warned the nation
tonight that it is in for a long, hard war, against "crafty and powerful bap.-
dits" with Germany and Italy as much pneinies of the United States as is,
Japan.
But he emphatically denied Japan's boast that she had gained naval
supremacy in the Pacific by her lightning stroke at Hawaii and he declared
confidently:
"We are going to win the war and we are going to win the peace that
follows."
Making his first report to the nation on; the past and future of the
conflict that has suddenly engulfed the country, the Chief Executive stark-
ly acknowledged that Japan's initial successes have been extensive.
"Many American soldiers and sailors have been killed by enemy action,"
he added, adding the damage done at Pearl Harbor was "admittedly seri-

Longer Work
Week Is Asked
ByRoosevelt
President Discloses Vast
Plan For Increasing
Industrial Production
WASHINGTON, Dec. 9. -(J)-
President Roosevelt today proposed
a seven-day production week for the
industries which manufacture the
war machines that will pound Japan
into submission.
He made this recommendation
while a nation deep in war impatient-
ly awaited his 10 p.m. radio address
and its expected delineation of the
pattern and consequences of the hos-
tilities-especially Japan's sudden,
savage stroke at Pearl Harbor.
Making his production announce-
ment at a press conference, Mr. Roo-
sevelt declined to discuss or fix re-
sponsibility for the success of the
Japanese raid. And mindful of con-
gressional criticism-which included
a demand that the ranking officers
involved be courtmartialed-he said
he knew nothing about that question,
nor did any member of Congress.
Mr. Roosevelt disclosed the Admin-
istration was planning a vastly in-
creased delivery of war industry pro-
ducts-a speedup agreed upon at an
earlier conference with members of
OPM and the Supply Priorities and
Allocations Board.
It was understood meanwhile that
the seven-day week referred to the
factories and not to their employes,
although much longer working hours
for the latter might eventually be
involved. The President also dis-
closed he was considering calling a
conference of industrial and labor
leaders with the purpose of working
out an anti-strike agreement.
Professor Kessler
Wins Spoofuncup
At ASME Roast
Four professors of the engineering
college were "done to a turn" yester-
day by the ASME at their eighth
annual roast in the Union, and the
Spoofuncup was presented to the
"man who can take it," Prof. Clar-
ence F. Kessler of the mechanical
engineering department.
Confronted by their students and
faculty colleagues 87 strong the
"roastees"-were attired in freshman
pots and quiz-kid bow ties, and re-'
quired to answer the snappy question-
ing of roastmaster Axel Marin, pro-
fessor of mechanical engineering.
Leading the roastees Prof. W. W.
Gilbert, of the metal processing de-
partment, Prof. J. M. Neickelsen, me-
chanical engineering, Prof. J. A. Van
den Broek, engineering mechanics,
and Professor Kessler a merry chase

ous " And, he said, the people must
be jrepared at any time for an an-
announcement that Guam, Wake a i
Midway Islands have been seized, by
the enemy.
Eighteen M*iths Preparation
But, on the other side ,of the war
ledger he placed eighteen months of
preparation, assembly lines already
producing a profusion of war ma-
terials, and of plans for doubling,
and quadrupling that output. Te
latter included a seven day week for
the war industries, and the con.
struction of new plants.
In addition, he balanced againt
the power and, ruthlessness of the
enemy, the determination of a united
MANILA, P.., Wednesday, Dec.
10.-(P)--Two Japanese landings
on this Philippine Island of Luzon
were reported today by the Filipi-
no Constabulary, and an Army
spokesman announced, "all indi-
cations point to a heavy enemy at
tack with land troops Supported
by naval contingents and air-
craft."
'eople, which, he said will be satis-
'ied with nothing short of complete
victory.
He spoke from the heavily guarded
AVhite House, his first talk witli the
aation since the Japanese attack of
Sunday, with the exception of his
erse request to Congress for a declal'-
ition of war.
Repeatedly, and with great empha-
3is, he spoke of Japa's relationships
with Germany. The latter he accused
>f pushing Japan into the war with
promises that she would become the
master of the Pacific, and be given '"a
stranglehold on the west coast of
North, Central and South America."
"Remember always," he solemnly
warned, "that Germany and Italy, re.
gardless of any formal declaration of
war, consider themselves at war with
the United States at this moment
just as much as they consider them-
selves at war with Britain and Rus-
sia."
Asks People
Repeatedly, the President asked
the people not to accept wild rumors
of successes or failures. To do that,
he said, was to be deceived by the
propaganda of the enemy. The Gov-
ernment would give them all the facts
that it could confirm provided that
their revelation would not be of as-
sistance to the enemy, he pledged.
"We are now in this war," he said,
"We are all in it-all the way. Every
single man, woman and child is a
partner in the most tremendous un-
dertaking of our American history.
We must share together the bad
news and the good news, the defeats
and the victories-the changing for-
tunes of war.
"So far the news has all been bad.
We have suffered a serious set-back
in Hawaii. Our forces in the Phil-
ippines, which include the brave
people of that Commonwealth, are
taking punishment, but are defend-
ing themselves vigorously. The re-
ports from Guam, and Wake and
Midway Islands are still confused,
but we must be preared for the an-

ONLY!

191.

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