THE MICHIGAN DAILY
vocal Leaders Convene T6Plan
Emergency Defense Measures
News Of U.S.-Jap Con
B DAN BEJRMAN
Representatives of local industries,
municipal departments, civic organ-
zations and the University met yes-
terday in a crammed City Hall room
to map an active defense program,
aimed at enemies both within and
outside, for the city of Ann Arbor.
Called by Mayor Leigh J. Young
with the cooperation of Chairman
Harrison Caswell of the Washtenaw
County Council of Defense, the meet-
ing received a comprehensive picture
of Ann Arbor's position in the war
emergency and then unanimously set
up a special municipal committee.
The new group will be in charge of
any local defense moves.
With every defense factory in town
under police surveillance, Chief Sher-
man Mortenson told the meeting that
he had already received complete in-
structions from the Federal Bureau
of Investigation on anti-sabotage
precautions. A close check will be
kept on property and machinery by
police in cooperation with industrial
With the University well along in a
widespread defense preparation pro-
gram, Prof. Louis Hopkins, chairman
of the University defense committee,.
described precautions already taken
by the Building and Grounds De-
partMent. Dr. Frank C. Robbins
struck a note of assent, as Professor
Hopkins assured the meeting that the
University will cooperate with the
- Features Talk
By John Elliot
Globe-trotting correspondent for
the New York Herald Tribune since
1924, Johp Elliot, veteran newsman,
will open the fall series of the Union
Forum at 4 p.m. tomorrow in the
Unin Ballroom when he speaks on
"France In the War."t
Not here for one stop on a lecture
tour, Elliot comes to Ann Arbor at
the special request of Prof. Harlow
Eeneman of the political science de-
Elliot arrived in the States by Clip-
per plane a week ago for a short va-
Having witnessed the fall of de-
mocracy. in both France and Ger-
many, Elliot will have first-hand ex-
perience to draw upon when he dis-
cusses the European scene. A able
linguist, he procures his information
from primary sources, and thus ap-
proaches world problems with a
Elliot has filed his stories from al-
most every capitol on the European
continent, but his appearance in Ann
Arbor tomorrow will mark his first
trip to the Midwest of America. He
has never been East (on this con-
tinent) of the Delaware River.
The first. American correspondent
to be wounded in World War II, El-
liot has covered such events as the
French armistice with Nazi Germany,
the rise and fall of popular front
governments and the tragic history
community and any plans that it
The Detroit Edison Co., supplier of
power to Ann Arbor and the sur-
rounding area, has already taken
steps to protect its main plants, the
group was informed. With fenced-
in property and auxiliary replace-
ments ready for instant use, the local
company has hooked up additional
facilities and will be able to continue
its service under the most adverse
Incendiary bombs have been re-
ceiving intensive study by the Ann
Arbor Fire Department, according tc
Chief Zahn. If the danger of air
attack ever becomes imminent, the
department has the means to train
One of Ann Arbor's most vulner-
able industries, the Michigan Consoli-
dated Gas Co. is stationing patrols
along its main pipelines with dupli-
cate equipment already set up in its
Chairman Caswell's Water Depart-
ment, an essential community func-
tion, is equipped with auxiliary ma-
chinery and an emergency reserve
for both fire and domestic purposes.
The meeting was marked by an
unstinted offer of services from local
ivic groups, and veterans' organiza-
County Sheriff Osborne told the
meeting that he would depend on vol-
unteers for extra help. He also
asserted that "we are in a much bet-
ter position in this war. Police agen-
cies have been u;nted from the FBI
As for civilian volunteer registra-
tion, Mrs. Theophile Rafael declared
that the whole county ds organized
for civilian defense. She cited Red
Cross work already started both in
town and in the University.
. - Buy a Goodfellow Edition -
Mien Will Like
Clever Satire On Women
To Pull No Punch~es
Will Hays may keep a sharp look-
out on the movie industry, but he
hasn't yet seen the "cheese cake" in
the December Gargoyle, which is
coming out Thursday.
The battle of the sexes will rise
into full significance with this, the
year's biggest issue, in which Gar-
goyle -parodies "Mademoiselle," na-
tionally distributed, women's maga-
zine as its annual all out contribu-
tion to the world of satire.
All the way through, the magazine
is a "man's eye view of a woman's
eye view of women," with the parallel
to "Mademoiselle" complete even to
page layout and type faces. None of
"Mademoiselle's" regular departments
lave been omitted in this satire on
the weaker sex.
Dueto increase in costs brought on
by the enlarged size of the magazine,
Gargoyle has been forced, for the
December issue alone, to raise the
price slightly. Students holding year's
subscriptions, however, will be able
to obtain their copies at no increase
REPORTED SUNK OR CAPTURED - This is the President Harrison which was reported as either
sunk or captured i the Yangtze, south of Shang '? i, whil- cvacuating Americans from China.
(By The Associated Press)
WVASHINGTON, Dec. 8.-The text of President Roosevelt's war
message to Congress follows:
''CO THE Congress of the United States:
Yesterday, Dec. 7, 1941-a date which will live in infamy-the
United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by
naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan.
The United States was at peace with that nation and, at the solici-
tation of Japan, was still in conversation with its Government and
its Emperor looking toward the maintenance of peace in the Pacific.
Indeed, one hour after Japanese air squadrons had commenced
bombing in Oahu, the Japanese Ambassador to the United States and
his colleague delivered to the Secretary of State a formal reply to a
recent American message. While his reply stated that it seemed use-
less to continue the existing diplomcatic negotiations, it contained no
threat or hint of war or armed attack.
It will be recorded that the distance of Hawaii from Japan makes
it obvious that the attack was deliberately planned many days or even
weeks ago. During the intervening time, the Japanese Government
has deliberately sought to deceive the United States by false state-
ments and expressions of hope for continued peace.
The attack yesterday on the Hawaiian Islands has caused severe
damage to American naval and military forces. Very many American
lives have been lost. In addition, American ships have been reported
torpedoed on the high seas between San Francisco and Hono2ulu.
Yesterday the Japanese Government also launched an attack
Last night Japanese forces attacked Hongkong.
Last night Japanese forces attacked Guam.
Last night Japanese forces attacked the Philippine Islands.
Last night the Japanese attacked Wake Island.
This morning the Japanese attacked Midway Island.
Japan has, therefore, undertaken a surprise offensive extending
throughout the Pacific area. The fact of yesterday speak for them-
selves. The people of the' United States have already formed their
opinions and well understand the implications to the very life and
safety of our Nation.
As Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy I have directed that
all measures be taken for our defense.
Always will we remember the character of the onslaught against us.
No matter how long it may take us to overcome this premeditated
invasion, the American people in their righteous might will win
through to absolute victory.
I believe I interpret the will of Congress and of the people when I
assert that we will not only defend ourselves to the utmost but will
make very certain that this form of treachery shall never endanger
Hostilities exist.. There is no blinking at the fact that our people,
our territory and ouri interests are in grave #danger.
With confidence in our armed forces-with the unbounded deter-
mination of our people-we will gain the inevitable triumph-so help
I ask that the Congresg declare that since the unprovoked and
dastardly attack by Japan on Sunday, Dec. 7, a state of war has
existed between the United States'and the Japanese Empire.
FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT.
The White House,
Dec. 8, 1941.
HRADS U.S. FLEET-Admir-
al Thomas Hart (above) is com-
mander-in-chief of the United
States Asiatic Fleet. The fleet
is based at Manila.
Lieut. Gen. Douglas MacArthur
(above) is commander of the
United States Army forces in the
Far East. His troops are based
HAWAII COMMANDER -
Rear Admiral Claude C. Block
tabove) is the United States
Navy commanding officer at
Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.
lew Uez r l a
HE'LL BE ETERNALLY GRATEFUL for one of these
finer round necked swearers, for he'll find a dozen
uses for it in- and out-of-doors. Exceptionally fine 8
quality wool and weave in highly attractive colors.
Give him a sweater from Wild's for Christmas.
JAPS TAKEN INTO CUSTODY' - Federal Agents and
San Francisco police began taking Japanese into custody at
San Francisco, Calif., following Japan's attack on the United
States islands in the Pacific. Hangiro Fujii (center) is being
hustled to a police car.
PEARL HARBOR NAVAL BASE - Units of the U.S. Fleet are seen based at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.
The White House announced that Japanese plan es had attacked this naval stronghold.
U.S. AND JAPANESE
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