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Light snow and colder.
VOL. LIT. No. 61 ANN ARBOR, MXICHI1GAN, TUESDAY, DECEMBER 9, 1941 ... 2-323
Navy Dealt Worst Blow In History;1,500 Lost
To Be Bared
War Resolution Is Passed
As Nazis Are Accused
Of Encouraging Copflict
* Destroyer Sunk
WASHINGTON, Dec. 8 - (P) -
America declared war on Japan today
after that nation's air bombers had
dealt the Navy the severest blow in its
ihistory and inflicted losses which
raised the harsh possibility that the
Japanese fleet may now enjoy a tem-
sporary superiority in the Pacific.
Some details of the savage Japan-
ese attack-which admittedly cost
the Navy a battleship, a destroyer, a
number of smaller craft, killed 1,500
and wounded 1,500-will be given the
nation by President Roosevelt tomor-
row night in a 10 o'clock radio ad-
His speech will supplement the
brief message with which he asked
Congress for a declaration of war
today--a request which both houses
followed up with 'action that was
breathtakingly swift and, save for
one vote, unanimous.
These developments came at the
.close of a day which saw this country
not only declare war on Japan, but
also accuse Germany of doing its ut-
most to push the Japanese into the
conflict, with the purpose of imped-
ing the program of AmericVi assis-
tance to G ret Britain.
But, a White House statement said,
they program of American help to the
British "will continue in full opera-
tion." The announcement caused
some surprise, because a short while
before Winston Churchill had said a
diminution of such help, was to be
"Obviously Germany did all it could
to push Japan into the war,"' the
White House said. "It was the Ger-
(See WASHINGTON Page 6)
A great individualist in the worldt
of music, Serge Koussevitzky will
lead the Boston Symphony Orchestra
in the sixth concert of the Choral
Union Series at 8:30 p.m. tomorrow in
Known for his liberties with works
like Beethoven's Ninth Symphony and
for his original ideas on tempo, Dr.:
Koussevitzky has compiled a brilliant
record in his 17 years as conductor
of the Boston orchestra.
A native Russian, Dr. Koussevit-
zky's dynamic 'personality has en-
deared him to the music publicein
Boston. Although silightly grey, his
old enthusiasm for music is unbound-
ed. The conductor's English, im-
proved over the years, still includes
traces of 'French, German and Rus-
Under the direction of Dr. Kousse-
vitzky the Boston Symphony Orches-
tra has come to be rated as one of the
finest orchestras -in the nation. To-
morrow's appearance will be its
twelfth in Ann Arbor.
President Urges Students,
Faulty To Be Calm,
To 'Give Of Their Best'
For Trained Men
"The University of Michigan takes
her battle station as she has in every
With these words keynoting a state-
ment made to The Daily a few hours
after the outbreak of Pacific hostili-
ties, President Alexander Ruthven set
forth the University's wartime posi-
"It is my earnest hope," Dr. Ruth-
ven declared, "that students and fac-
ulty members alike will calmly and
firmly take stock of their .ability to
serve in the emergency and then pro-
ceed to prepare themselves to give
of their best."
True Loyalty Asked
Dr. Ruthven. re-emphasized his
previous belief in the value of highly
trained men in a war situation, "Since
war today is total war, defense must
be total defense," he declared while
refuting those who have "mistakeny
accusing your president of advocating
'business as' usual' for the University.
True loyalty means not merely will-
ingness to make sacrifices, even the
supreme one, for our country, but also
the wisdom and determination to
make the sacrifices count to the full-
" et us remember,' Dr.eRuthven
pointed out," "that we need guns,
tanks, planes, ships, soldiers and sail-
ors, but we must also have chemists,
physicists, engineers, doctos and
other technically trained men."
The president asserted once again
his pre-war convictions,, declaring
that a potentially good surgeon or en-
gineer made into a foot soldier may
mean the death of many fine boys in
the front line. "To throw over the
opportunity to get special training is
patriotism," he stated, "but not nec-
essarily in these times the highest
form of patriotism."
Declaring that the task of settling
the world conflict in, favor of the
democracies is "a gigantic one," Dr.
Ruthven advised a wise use of our
facilities "so that not one man will
die unnecessarily or in vain."
Dr. Ruthven also, told The Daily
that the University will remain an
educational institution. "Despite ev-
ery difficulty," he concluded, "she
will continle to provide our nation
with the experts with whose aid she
will destroy the ugly wave, of despo-
tism now sweeping over the world."
Something New Will Be Ad
To Be Burned
A mass recipe never before at-
tempted will be tested and tasted at
6:15- p.m. today in the Union when
members of the ASME will grill and
roast until quite tender four engi-
neering faculty members at their an-
nual Roast banquet.
Roastmaster Prof. Axel Marin of
the mechanical engineering depart-
ment will supervise the cooking, while
all students attending wil be given
a chance to see that the verbal fire
is plenty hot.
Ingredients will be Prof. Clarence
F. Kessler and Prof. John M. Nickel-
sen of the mechanical engineering
department, Prof. John A. Van den
Broek of the engineering mechanics
department and Prof. W. W. Gilbert
of the metal processing department,
Roastees for the evening.
'Tf-a AAM ffr'nnrdrhnnkdr ,llc fnr first.
SAN FRANCISCO, Dec. 8.--(P)-An apparent attempt by Japan-
ese warplanes to bomb the San Francisco Bay area was reported tonighi
by Brigadier General William Ord Ryan of the Fourth Interceptor Com-
mand, who said a large number of unidentified aircraft were turned bael
at the Golden Gate. He said the invading planes vanished to the south-
west over )he sea, after searchlights at the Presidio of San Francisco
were turned on and other measures taken to thwart an attack. Ryan
did not disclose the nature of these measures.
The General's statement came after three hours of uncertainty
(See PLANES Page 6)
President Asks Congress For War Declaration
Declaring Japan guilty of a "dastardly, unprovoked attack," President Roosevelt asked Congress to
declare war. Listening are Vice-President Henry Wallace (left) and House Speaker Sam Rayburn.
Congress answered by voting a formnal declaration of war against Japan. The Senate voted 82 to 0 in
favor of the declaration; the House voted 388 to 1 in favor of the action.
WASHINGTON,' Dec. 8.--()-President Roosevelt will make a
radio address to the nation tomorrow night at 10 p.m. EST, at which
time the White House said he would make a "more complete documen-
tation" of the Japanese attack than has yet geen possible.
Presidential Secretary Early announced the Chief Executive would
speak for half an hour and that the aiddress would be carried by all
'a * * * *
MELBOURNE, Australia, Tuesday, Dec. 9.-(jP)-Australia declared war
on Japan today. The government beat the Japanese to the draw since
no Tokyo declaration had been received here at the time the Australian
action was taken.-
SAN DIEGO, Calif., Dec. 8.-(/P)-Commandant of the 11th Naval
District announced tonight it might be advisable as a precautionary
measure to black out San Diego "at any minute."
The Navy announcement urged citizens to stay at home and remain.
calm and to tune in to police broadcasts during the black~out for addi-
PANAMA, Panama, Dec. 8.-(A)-The National Assembly began a five-
day extraordinary session tonight, the chief order of which will be a declara-
tioi of war against Japan.
.4 * 4 'A
SINGAPORE, Dec. 8.-(P)--A communique issued about, 8 p.m.
(8 a.m., EST) said the RAF was delivering extensive aerial counterblows
against Japanese transports attempting to land troops in northern Libya.
winter Stalls rive aNa
Aimed At Moscow ing
(By The Associated Press) that
BERLIN, Dec. 8-Winter has stop "that
ped the Germans short of Moscow gasoI
and the capture of the Soviet apital is bu
is not expected this year, a military Field
spokesman declared tonight. a.m.-
It seemed likely from the spokes- Th
man's statement that until spring at lee
there could be no further major Ger- point
man offensive except along the ex- A
treme southern front. 'agair
This word reduced the Russian 40g
campaign to secondary interest for joins
the Germans for the first time, and repor
attention focused instead on Japan's Sti
war with the United States in the on th'
Pacific. 35 mi
Adolf Hitler and a small group of Stati
his official advisers alone knew to- Mani
night how Germany would identify 10 d
itself with Japan's war on the United Th
States, but official spokesmen and the at th
(See BERLIN Page 6) tacke
Michigan's Masculine Leg Art:
Full House', Mimes' Union Opera
Will Open Five-Day Run Tonigit
* * * *
WELLINGTON, New Zealand, Tuesday, Dec. 9.--(P)-New Zealand'
declared war on Japan today.
VICTORIA, B. C., Dec. 8-(P)-A
ded: complete blackout of coastal British
Columbia and the lower mainland
was ordered tonight because "the
acult M en war situation is such that anattack
m A 1m -tby Japanese forces on the Pacific
T o Ashes Today northwest coast is imminent."
.. MANILA, Tuesday, Dec. 9-(P)--A
To this victor will go the famed Japanese radio broadcast from For-
Spoofuncup trophy, constructed of a mosa, heard here today, said Japan
tin funnel, a cup and two spoons and announced "Guam was taken without
now used exclusively as a tribute to (Continued on Page 6)
the annual winner of the ASME
Roast. Prof. Ben Dushnik of the
mathmatics department, last year's
winner, will make the presentation.
Inaugurated in 1934, the Roast has
offered tlie Spoofuncup as a trophy
every year since, the winners having
been John Grennan of the metal pro-
cessing department; Prof. Walter E.
Lay, Prof. Marn, Prof. H. L. Kohler
and the late Prof. J. E. Emswiler of
the mechanical engineering depart-
ment, and the late Dean Henry C.
Anderson of the College of Engi-
In the past an applause meter has
34 Candidates To Fill
Senate Election Ballot
With 34 candidates, both party fol-
lowers and independents, accepted
by the Board of Elections, the Stu-
dent Senate's Dec. 12 contest for 12
posts was closed yesterday to further
The Michigan Party has put up a
round dozen men for Friday's ballot
with Independent Coalition's 6 nomi-
nees next highest in number of can-
didates under one platform. Other
or.nimr nai.701 s n~inrpluuiP Dormvitorv-y..