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October 25, 1941 - Image 3

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1941-10-25

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PAGE THREE

Y .G

41P Ar

ijaiti

Saturday,
October 25, 1941

.. ..._

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Russians Halt
Nazi Advance
Near Capital;
South In Peril
Red Forces Outnumbered
In Battle Near Entrance
To Caucasus And Don
Germans Seek Oil,
Control Of Donets
(By The Associated Press)
The Russians appeared to be hold-
ing the Germans to gains* of no dan-
gerous consequence before Moscow
last night but were in great peril in
the far south about Rostov, the Don
River port at tle entrance to the
Caucasus.
There, the alreadty far numerically
superior invading forces were being
hourly strengthened. It was an area'
of struggle much more important in
the long view than that for the capi-
tal itself, for the ultimate'stakes were
not alone the gateway to the Cau-
casus oil reservoir but control of the
Donets and Don River basins, among
the most vital of all the surviving
war plant areas of European Russia.
Fighting Near Rostov
This morning's Russian communi-
que underlined the gravity of this
German thrust by reporting heavy
fighting about Makeevka, just beyond
Stalino-which the Nazis previously
had claimed-and only 70 miles to
the northwest of Rostov itself. Sim-
ilar violent action well to the west
about Taganrog on the Sea o Azov'
-30 miles west of Rostov-also was
reported.?
The same communique announced
that new Nazi attacks had been beat-
en off incunchanged battle areas
about Moscow.
It was plain that the Soviet leader-
ship saw the South nw as the front
of all fronts; that much was sug-
gested by he fact that Marshal Se-
meon Timoshenko, the former com-
mandr of the center about Moscow,
had been shifted to the Ukraine to
replace Marshal Semeon Budyenny
and t' try to reorganize a sore de-
fensive situation.
Demands Now Greater
Far from being broken, as Axis
sources had jubilantlykimplied, it
seemed clear that Timoshenko ,had
been promoted in being removed from
a theater now relatively fixed to one
where the demands upon command
were much greater.
All developments of yesterday had,
in fact, an importance greater pros-
pectively than currently; perhaps
most sigifigant of all was the series
of circumstantial indications givn by
the Russian government that a whole
new war plan was being prepared
On the American side of the water
there occurred an incident that had
an indirect but nonetheless impor-
tant bearing on Russia's eastern
flank facing the Japanese.
OPM Needed,
Speaker Says
Priorities Official Claims
Price Control Justified
..riorities supply the only solution
to the problems of increased demand

and diminished supplies brought on
by the war, Phillip M. McCullough,
assistant director of the Priorities
Field Service of OPM, told lumber-
men and foresters at the University
forestry school's annual Land Utili-
zation Conference yesterday.
McCullough predicted that the ef-
fect on the civilian population of in-
creased war production will grow
ever larger. There will not be enough
materials to satisfy both defense and
civilian de'nands, he said. Even great-
er disallocation will come as defense
production increases.
Explaining OPM's priorities pref-
erence ratings, allocation mdthods
and other regulations with specific
regard to the lumbering industry, Mc-
Cullough admitted that at present
there was no lumber shortage.

Irish Colleen
Chosen As 'M'
Song Queen'

AFL Leaders
Warn Senate
OfUnion Clash
Wayne Housing Contract
Dispute May Aggravate
Detroit's Labor Status
WASHINGTON, Oct. 24.-(P)-An
officer of the Detroit Building Trades
Council bluntly told the Senate De-
fense Investigating Committee today
(that AFL unions would "not take it
lying down" if the government
awarded a Wayne County, Mich.,
housing contract to the P. J. Currier
Lumber Co., a CIO employer.
E1 8Thal, secretary of the Council,
made this assertion after R. J. Gray
had testified that national leaders of
the AFL Building and Construction}
Trades Organization, which he heads,
would be "powerless to control our
people" to prevent industrial strife if
Currier got the contract.
Currier, whose firm was the low
bidder, sat ata nearby table, chewing
op a cigar and peering at the witness
through heavy-lensed glasses while
Gray described him to the committee
as a "fomenter" of labor trouble and
a "strike breaker."
Gray declared that as late as Sep-
tember 2 Currier had written'a letter
indicating that there was no agree-
ment between his company and CIO
union which later "suddenly" organ-
ized Currier employes. The witness
detailed a list of incidents which he
said indicated that Currier previously
had been active in fighting all unions
and in breakfng strikes.
Because of this record, Gray said,
he had no doubt that AFL team-
sters would refuse to deliver materials
to a job if Currier got the contract.
Gray declined, in answer to re-
peated queries, to pledge that AFL
leaders who signed a stabilization
agreement with the OPM would not
interfere if Currier began work on the
job.
He denied that the American Fed-
eration of Labop believed it had ob-
tained a "monopoly" on construc-
tiori work through the stabilization
agreement.

Petain Willing
To Be Made
NaziHostage
Makes Gesture In Effort
To End Nazi Executions,
Is Rumor In Vichy
(By The Associated Presi)
VICHY, Unoccupied France, Oct.
24.-The Petain Government announ-
ced tonight-without confirmation or
denial-that a rumor was circulating
that Marshall Petail himself wished
to become a hostage to cut short the
German's mass reprisal executions
which have cos 100 French lives
since Wednesday at Nantes and Bor-
deaux.
Several hours earlier the govern-
ment won a few more days of life for
100 hostages-50 at each city-pend-
ing the possibility of capture or sur-
render of the actual slayers of two
German officers. Fifty already had
been shot at Nantes on Wednesday
and a like number at Bordeaux today.
This cryptic announcement was is-
sued tonight, on the first anniversary
of the Montoire "collaberation" meet-
ing between Petain and Adolf Hitler:
"It is rumored in Vichy that Mar-.
shal Petain wished to give himself"
up as a hostage in the occupiedl zone
to prevent additional executions plan-
ned as a result of attacks at Nantes
and Bordeaux.
"The Marshal's cabinet has no dec-
laration to make on the subject."
The 85-year-old chief of state, hero
of the World War at Verdun, has
made repeated futile appeals to the
people to halt attacks on German
soldiers and to denounce the attack-
res.
A Vichy announcement said that
Hitler himself sanctioned the brief
reprieve for the 100 "complementary
hostages," which was granted on the
pleas, of Petain andi Vice-Premier
Admiral Darlan at about the same
time that the second group of 50
was executed at Bordeaux today.
Another Frenchman was shot near
Bordeaux yesterday and the Germans
confirmed the execution of three
others in Paris,

Marching Band Twirler

Unavoidable Clash
In Far East Sector
Foreseen By Knox

JOAN REUTTER
.1* * * '
Joan Reutter, '42SM and a pretty
colleen from Detroit, was named yes-
terday as Michigan's representative
in the Hour of Charm's nation-wide
search for collegiate songsters.
She will fly to New York next
month to sing on the- coast-to-coast
pour of Charm broadcast in compe-,
tition against nine other singing co-
eds for one of the three $1,000 prizes
and radio fame.
She will receive $100 for appearing
on the broadcast and will sit in a
reserved box at the Columbia game in
New York 9A November 15.
Versatile Joan, who wants to be a
concert singer, also plays the piano,
clarinet, violin anid organ. On Sun-
days she sings in local churches and
gives voice lessons.
Irish "with a touch of English",
Joan is a member of Collegiate Soro-
sis and has been active in campus
musical activities including Soph Ca-
baret and this year's Junior Girl's
Play.
When she graduated from Grosse
Pointe high school in 1939 she plan-
ned to join a European opera com-
pany as a mezzo-soprano but the
war intervened and the company was
disbanded. r
If Joan bests the other nine co-eds
on the Hour of Charm finals she will
bring back to the University of Mich-
igan a $4,000 scholarship for needy
musical students. It will be known as
the Joan Reutter Fellowship.
Miss Michigan of Song says she
loves to cook and eat and "could live
on cookies, pickles and steaks."

- Daily Photo by Bob Killins
JIM KENNEDY
National defense will again be the
theme of the University Marching
Band when it takes the field between'
halves of the game today, but it will
be Mr. John Q. Public who will re-
ceive special attention instead of
those* serving in the armed forces.
Leading the band at this all-impor-
tant homecoming appearance will be
drum major Jim Kennedy, '43, while
co-drum major Lynn Stedman will
take charge of the pre-game forma-
tions.
In response to a large number of
requests and in observance of Navy
Day, the band will repeat the other
national defense formations, used at
the last two games, as its pre-game
maneuvers today, director Prof. Wil-
liam D. Revelli announced.
University students having forfTha-
tion ideas are urged to enter the for-
mations contest now being sponsored
by the band. A ten dollar cash prize
will be awarded the winner, and the
winning .entry will 'be presented at
the Ohio State games
Rough ideas of the maneuvers will
be entirely acceptable, band mana-
ger Stuart Park, '42, announced, but
entries should consist of a series of
five or six formations centered around
a definite theme rather than any
single suggestion.
Soldier Trapped; Burns
Britches Behind Him
NEW YORK, Oct. 24.-M-(A)-The
story of how a 22-year-old soldier
who fell into a country well while
on maneuvers signalled his rescu-
ers by burning his underwear-
saving himself from the smoke by
donning his gas mask-was related
tonight in a dispatch to the New
York Herald Tribune from Hoff-
man, N.C. -
Exhausted after other means of
attracting attention failed, he set
fire to his woolen government-
issue underwear which sent up
clouds of smoke so dense he was
forced to don his gas mask.

Daring Chutist
Makes Record
Altitude Jump
CHICAGO, Oct. 24.-(AP)-A daring
parachutist leaped from a plane at
30,500 feet today, tumbled five and a
half miles through space before pull-
ing his ripcord and landed safely.
The jumper, Arthur Starnes, ex-
ceeded all known records for free
fall.
U. S. Aviation Associations recog-
nize no official parachuting records,
but press reports show Russia claimed
a world record for free fall in 1934
when a man jumped 26,575 feet and
opened his chute 650 feet above the
ground, a plunge of 4.9 miles.
"I had only two moments of fear,"
Starnes panted to the crowd that
gathered around him in the cow pas-
ture where he landed, 20 miles south-
west of the Chicago Loop.
"The first was as I stood in the
open door of the plane, weighted
down by 85 pounds of equipment, try-
ing to get enough oxygen inside my,
chamois helmet and w6ndering if
the radio strapped to my hip would
clear the door frame.
'I got through that safely by turn-
ing sidewise and stepping off into
space.
"But the second, more frantic sen-
sation," he said, "was when my gog-
gles frosted up in abcloud bank at
23,000 feet and my body went into
a series of violent spins and somer-
saults."
Draft Investigation
Hits OSU Gridders
WASHINGTON, Oct. 24.-(Y)-Of-
ficials disclosed today that the Se-
lective Service System was investiga-
ting complaints about'the classifica-
tion of several Ohio \State University
players.
Lieutenant Colonel Carlton S. Dar-
gusch, chief of operations, said the
inquiry was similar to scores of others
undertaken after complaints came
,from responsible sources.
The purpose, officals said, was to
ascertain if the classifications were
proper.

Japan's Expansionist Plan
Is Dangerously Straining
U.S.-Nipponese Peace
Tells Businessmen
Pacific Is Unsafe
WASHINGTON, Oct. 24.-(.P)-The
American government has abandoned
hope of coming to terms .with Japan,
Secretary Knox dramatically indi-
cated today, adding that a "collision"
in the Orient appear virtually inevi-
table.
So "extremely strained," is the sit-
uation, the Navy chief told a small
group of defense manufacturers meet-
ing in his office, that it is no longer
considered advisable to rely upon the
trans-Pacific route for shipping war
supplies to Russia, and a North At-
lantic route ending at Archangel was
viewed as preferable even though that
Arctic port is largely icebound in
winter.
Collision Inevitable
"The situation out in the Far East
is extremely strained. We are satis-
fied in our own minds that the Jap-
anese Jhave no intention of giving
up their plans for expansion. If they
pursue that course a collision there
is inevitable," Knox said.
The United States, it is understood,
has taken the position that Japans
must give up her expansionist plans,
at least insofar as they call for ag-
gressive disregard of the interest 0A
other powers. Knox said flatly that
the Japapese, in the opinion of Wash-
ington officials, have no intention of
making any such concessions.
The cabinet member spoke extem-
poraneously. But lis words strikingly
resembled a paragraph he had writ-
ten in a brief Navy Day article for
the Army and Navy Journal, service
weekly to l' published tomorrow.
.Orient A Powder Keg
"Out westward," this paragraph
said, "the Orent is like a vast powder
keg-potentially ready to explode
with a roar that will be heard all the
way across, the ocean."
Other assertions which the Cabinet
member made in the article, prepared
as a preliminary to celebration of
Navy Day on Monday, included:
"Only a miracle seemingly can pre-
vent a collapse of Russia's organized
military strength--and democracies
everywhere are praying that this mir-
acle will occur."

Ruthven Claims War Censoring
Hinders Both Press And School

By BILL BAKERI
Drawing a parallel between the
plight of the Aewspaper and the edu-
cational institution in the present
emergency, President Alexander G.
Ruthven yesterday declared that both
are being hindered through war-time
censorship and defense measures in
performing their duties to this nation.
Addressing 200 Michigan editors
assembled here for the twenty-third
annual convention of the University
Press Club, President Ruthven said
that "censorship of the news and pre-
pared propaganda are day by day re-
stricting the dissemination of in-
formation and apparently the end{
is not yet in view."
"But the educators are also in trou-
ble, in that they must chart a course
for their institutions under diffidbl-
ties similar to those confronting the
press."%
During wars college staffs are de-
pleted of importapt members he said.,
Research programs are djetated often'
at the expense of instruction, and
free expression of opinion by faculty
men is often inhibited. "And this
war has been no exception."
"The two p6ints I would make are:

first, that two of our most important
educational agencies, the newspapers
and the schols, are suffering a loss
of liberty which some day must be
restored if we are to exist as a free
people; and second, that it will do
little good to defend these two free-
doms-freedom of the press and free-
dom of the schools-against direct
curtailment if we do not at the same
time protect them from indirect in-
terference."
Pointing out that an "enslaved
press" is doubly fatal, as it not only
takes away the true light, but also
sets up a false light that drags a
nation into destruction, President
Ruthven added that "a thwarted and
stultified school program fails to pro-
duce well-prepared citizens."

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