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October 17, 1941 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1941-10-17

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Michigan Daily


Student Opinion On Intervention
Has Switched, Survey Reveals




ited and managed by students of the University of
digan under the authority of the Board Control
tudent Publications.
blished every morning except Monday during the
ersity year and Summer Session.
Member of the Associated Press
.e Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
r republication of all news dispatches credited to
rnot otherwise credited in this newspaper. All
s of republication of all other matters herein also
tered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
ad class mail matter.
.bscriptions during the regular school year by
er $4.00, by mail $5.00.
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Pubksbers Representative
420 MADisoN Ave. NEW YOR1. N.Y.
nber, Associated Collegiate Press, 1941.42
Editorial Staff

Wilson .,
r Hill.
Miller .
AIa Mitchell

fi, .

. Managing Editor
* .Editorial Director
. . . City Editor
. . Associate Editor
. . Sports Editor
Assistant Sports Editor
* . Women's Editor
Assistant Women's Editor
. . Exchange' Editor

(Editor's Note: As atsuperficial but interesting
indication of college attitude on the issue of war
or peace, this survey made by Time magazine is
being reprinted for our readers. The Daily, when
polled by Time,: refused to give a definite statement
because The Daily staff is divided in opinion and
the managing editor does not dictate editorial
U. S. UNDERGRADUATES have changed their
minds about war. This fact became clear
this fall as. soon as they had unpacked their
trunks and begun to write editorials for their
college papers.
Last year Cornell students sent a dummy tank
oq the White House with the inscription: "Dear
President Roosevelt-keep America out of war."
The Harvard Crimson said: "(We are) frankly
determined to have peace at any price." The
Crimson's President Spencer Klaw and the Yale
Daily News' Kingman Brewster, Jr., declared:
"Intervention seems to us a fantastic moral
proposition:" Campuses throughout the land
echoed their theme.
Although observers unfamiliar with the im-
pulsive undergraduate mind were startled, wise
Sheadslike Yale's President Charles Seymour re-
mained serene. His estimate of undergraduate
feelings: "Convince us, that war is the best
means of serving our American ideals and we
willifollow you anywhere."
man knew-collegians last week for the most
part were more interventionist than their elders.
Most spectacular switch was by students in the'
arch-isolationist Big Three.
EIGHTY-TWO PERCENT of the freshman
class were willing to fight overseas (com-
pared to 33% last year); 89% said it was niore
important to beat Hitler than stay out of. war;
36% wanted to fight right away. Said the
Princetonian (109% isolationist a year ago);:
"We . . . believe that the valid debate is over,
that isolationists in large measure now amount
to merely obstructionists We urge these
people to examine their own consciences, to ask
themselves as democratic citizens if it were not
better for democracy that they yield as we have
LAST YEAR'S arch-isolationist News as still
isolationist under holdover Chairman Wil-
liam Ford (who succeeded Kingman Brewster).
But next January the News will switch; its next
chairman will be Sterling Tomkins, Jr., ardent
SAID THE NEW EDITORS of the once-isola-
tionist Crimson last week: "Isolationists like
Chicago's Hutchins hold . . . that America is
not mentally mature enough to make entry in
the war worth the cost-that we will make our
high-flown pledges meaningless by again tor-
pedoing the peace conference . .. The best an-
swers to these cynics are the Roosevelt-Churchill

Atlantic Charter . . . and the meeting next
month in Washington of Vice-President Wallace
with Sir Leith-Ross which will give substance to
that pledge."
University of Wisconsin
The Cardinal, mildly interventionist last year,.
last fortnight demanded repeal of the Neutrality
University of Kansas
The Kansan about-faced from isolationism to
University of Iowa,
SAID THE "IOWAN" in September, 1940: "Let
us not ... permit ourselves to be led . . . into
the belief that war is inevitable for the United
States. It isn't inevitable . . . We must at any
cost avoid war." In September, 1941: "We agree
with Mr. Roosevelt; this is the defense of the
Americas . . . And if it draws us into war upon
the seas, then war it shall be."
University of Chicago
The Maroon, taking issue with President Rob-
ert Maynard Hutchins, was emphatically inter-
ventionist last year, still is.
University of Missouri
SAID THE "STUDENT" last May: We feel that
16 years of schooling have prepared us for
something more than going to war . . ." 'Last
week Missouri students held a "War Dance" and
the Student's new editor, Harlan Byrne, who
comes from General John J. Pershing's home
town, Laclede, Mo., declared: "We must tip our
weight to the British side of the battle scales.
Perhaps this will me'an war participation."
University of Minnesota
SAID the "Daily" last February: "The United
States . . . can b4 an effective democracy only
if it can remain at peace." Said the Daily's new
editor, Lowell Frederick Jones, a draftee, last
week: "If I were convinced that Britain would
be licked ... I'd be in favor of another A.E.F."
Last week the Northwestern's editorial board,
mostly pacifist and isolationist last year, met to
bring its policy up to date. The vote: for isola-
tion-1; for intervention-26.
Mildly isolationist last year, the Daily last
week blasted Alumnus Herbert Hoover's faculty
poll on foreign policy, declared: "We have
picked our side of the fence. We think the men-
ace can best be eradicated by following the pol-
icies of the present Administration."
THIS WEEK the Sun declared: "When shall
we declare war?, ... We should stand ready,
to,accept the advice of the President and his
small circle of advisers as to the hour in which
We must cast .off the last vestiges of wishful
- Time

Business Staff
H. Huyett . . . Business Manager
B. Collins . Associate Business Manager
Carpenter . . Women's Advertising Manager
Wright . . Women's Business Manager
'he editorials published in The Michigan
[y are written by members of The Daily*
f and represent the views of the writers

v Treaty Aids'
nisphere Unity -

" "

A FTER MANY MONTHS of negotia-
tions one of the last great barriers
complete Inter-American, cooperation has.
en surpassed. The difficulties of economic re-
tions between United States and Argentina
,ve been solved by a trade treaty, the first be-
'een those two nations in more than a cent-
y. The treaty represents a new step in Western
eiisphere solidarity and will aid in closing
uth America's richest market to the Nazis.
According to United Press reports Argentina
stoms duties on 127 American products will
her be reduced or guaranteed against increase.
iese products represent more than 30 per cent
all exports from, United States to Argentina.
ity reductions included those on fresh apples,
esh grapes, and automobile parts.
'he United States government will in turn
luce or guarantee against increase the tariffs
84 Argentina products which made up 83
r cent in 1938 and 1939 and 75 per cent in
10 of all Argentine. exports to this country.
is list includes flax seed, canned corned beef,
arse wool, quebacho extract, casein, tallow,
o oil and oleo stearin, cattle hides, and Italian
Pe cheese.
LTHOUGH the treaty was only signed Tues-
day, repercussions are already being echoed
the cattle breeding areas of the West. It seems
at even yet the cattle kings are against ad-
tting any of the Argentine beef products to
e American market. They fail to realize three
ngs: (1) that the influx of canned beef from
eArgentine is small in comparison to the total
rket, (2) that while American producers use,
ond rate beef in their canned products, the
ned beef from our Southern neighbor is of
e highest duality and worth importing, and
that in any event the security of the whole
estern Hemisphere made possible by a united
nt both militarily, 'politicaily and econonical-
against Hitler should be put above their own
lividual gains.
Dpponents f economic cooperation with South
ierica, like the Western cattle-breeders, must
ange their stand. The stakes are much too
;h for them to lose. The United States can
t afford to let Hitler win South Ameriea eco-
nically and then! proceed to dominate it both
itically and militarily. Defense of this country
uld be immeasurably harder if not altogether
possible. The trade treaty with Argentina1l
ps prevent this fate. Surely this is clear to
ry one. The administration should be praised
the new advance along the road towards
rmanent Inter-American unity.
-George W. Sallade
porgia's Tinhorn Hitler.
Gallus-snapping Gene Talmadge, the Jeeter
;ter of Georgia Governors"-we borrow this
racterization from Dean J. A. McClain, Jr.,
the Washington University Law School, who
-e taught in Georgia-is reaping the harvest
his demagogic invasion of higher education.
rather this crop of nettles is being harvested
the people of Georgia.
Meeting in Birmingham, the Southern Uni-
sity Conference has dropped the University
Georgia from its recognized list as a rebuke
Gov. Talmadge, who fired the State Univer-

(Editor's Note: This is the first
contribution by the new Daly music
critic, J. J. Houdek. He is an instruc-
tor of musical literature in the music
ward the general subject of de-
fense, it is not entirely out of line
to lead this article in a similar direc-
tion. However, my subject w~ill deal
with the defense of concert-goers
from platform- posturizers who make
music but a mediunmfor their antics.
The conductor who, for instance,
looks as though he is about to throw
a discus merely to cue in a second
bassoon is doing an excellent job of
selling monkeyshines under the guise
of interpreting music. Or the pianist
who waves back and forth simulating,
with monotonous regularity, the pen-
dulum on grandfather's clock then,
suddenly, in the supreme moment,
hurls his hand high in the air and
brings them crashing down on the
keys in a superfortissimmo is also
guilty of this practice of extra-musi-
cal indulgence. Bunkum of this kind
is so unnecessary. Those making use
of the practice seem more often than
not to have less on the musical ball
and must, perforce, do something to
cover up their deficiency. I would
not say that this should be made a
basis of criticism for there are some
very great artists who turn in super-
lative performances and yet indulge
in some very fancy clowning.
STILL, I SUPPOSE anything cafn be
justified. In this casethe justifi-
cation arises out of the fact that
there are enough people going to
concerts whose discrimination is led
astray by the performers visual artis-
try. And as long as the numbers of
concert goers who dote on this stuff
remain in the majority, there doesn't
seem to be much that can be done
about it. The surprising thing is that
in that group are found musicians
of more than average rating who are
carried away by ballet-like gyrations
leading them to believe that an in-
terpretation, abetted by these extra-
ordinary visual stimuli, is just about
the most wonderful aural sensation
they ever experienced. If you are,
then, justaan ordinary listener you
may well ask what defense you have
against these conditions when even
musicians are swayed? My only an-
swer to that would be for you to seek
defense in your own intelligence of
which only a modicum is necessary
for you to see the difference. Be lis-
tener and not a sightseer. Watch
carefully what you hear and disre-
gard, as much as possible, what you
see. The visual element is, I assure
you, unimportant. Make the music
the source of enjoyment. It will re-
pay you a thousandfold. The next
time you go to say, a symphony con-
cert and you see a conductor whose
pretidigitations look as though he
were trying to lure a rabbit out of
the bass tuba, turn away quickly; you
are being sold a personality while
coming out on the musical short end.
Time In The Sun.
A film symphony of Mexico, called
in 1932, "the supreme masterpiece
up-to-date of the movies," is Time in
the Sun, adapted from Sergei Eisen-
stein's unfinished Que Viva Mexico,
currently at the Lydia Menc'elsshn
It shows, in delicate shadows and
lustful shouts, the profound history
of the Mexican people, from the
Mayan civilization to a realization of
the happiness in freedom reborn.

The film is divided into four "nov-
els," which together create a folk
symphony, a subtle window into the
soul of the Mexican people. The
most touching section of the picture
is the introduction by the white con-
querors from Spain of a new god-
"a tear-stained figure on a crucifix,
who is to supplgnt the ancient gods."
And with Him, the white conquerors
bring a disease that only gold can
cure. .
The-joy-loving, pious Mexican peo-
ple are suppressed by the bonds of
slavery. The revolt from the rule of
Diaz is told with a deep beauty, with
a symbolic impressionism that, the
creativeness of a Soviet-trained ar-
tist, free from chains and restraints,
brings into being. It is this new in-
sight to an American people that
makes the film a human force rather
than a historic document.
The, technical tricks of the picture
emphasize the' spirit of the people.
The real conflict , between the op-
pressed peons and the landlord. is
sharply emphasized by rapid flash-
backs to the celelration by the slaves
of the day of Corpus Christi. "... and
He died tliat men might be free. ..
The photography, especially in the
brief intermezzi, is unforgettable. The
acting-it is not acting, but the real
life of the Mexican people. The folk
music admirably maintains the mood.
Those expecting an ordered,
thought-out plot a-la-Hollywood will
be disappointed, for the story is a
delicately-shaded crystal showing the.
Indian's conception of never-ending

. _ .
- .:.:
' -
,. ', r
... :f
. {
. ,


VOL. L1I. No. 17
Publication in the Daily official
Bulletin is constructive notice to all
members of the University.
i >
To the Members of the University
Senate: There will be a meeting of
the University Senate on Monday,
October 20, at 4:15 p.m. in the Rack-
ham Lecture Hall.
To All Persons Traveling by Com-
mon Carrier on University Account:
The Federal Revenue Act of 1941 im-
poses a tax on railroad tickets and
other transportation of persons but
provides that such tax shall not be
imposed on transportation or facili-
tis furnished to certain classes which
include the University of Michigan.
This provision became effective Octo-
ber 10. The local ticket offices un-
derstand, this exemption. but may re-
quire a certificate from the.purchas-
er to show that the transportation
is on the University's account. It is
quite certain that sellers of common
carrier transportation elsewhere than
in Ann Arbor will require such a cer-
tificate. Blank certificates can be
had at the Business Office of the
University, Room 1, University Hall,
on and after October 13 and those
who can foresee that they will be
purchasing transportation outside
Ann Arbor, while traveling at Uni-
versity expense, should provide them-
selves with such blanks.
Shirley W. Smith

Varsity Men's Glee Club: The fol-
lowing men have been selected as
tentative members of the Varsity
Club. Old Club Men whose names
do not appear in this list should re-
port to the Club Room at the regular
rehearsal time. No Freshman names
appear in this list.
George Ablin\ Jim Aldrich, 'Stew-
art Arnold, Earl Barrett, James Baz-
ley, Karl Beu, Richard Boynton, Jud-
son Brown, Philip Busche,' George
Collins,. James Conti, William Con-
verso , James Crowe, Frank Dadson,
Peter De Jong, Richard D'erby, Hen-
ry Dongvillo, Eugene Fairbanks,. John
Farrand, Joseph Fischer, James
Fredrickson, John Funk, John Geh-
ron, Colvin Gibson, James Gillis, Har-
old Cohn, Earl Harris, Theodore Hil-
Gregor Hileman, Robert Holland,
Phelps Hines, Leo Imperi, Frank Kel-
logg, Clarence 1 Klopsic, Vaughan
Koppin, Edward McDonough, James
Merrill, Thad Morrison, Charles Mur-
phy, Robert Norris, Fran~klin Powers,
Richard Rawdon, Don Rendinell,
Kenneth-Rhoads, Richard Rice, Rob-
ert Santway, Jim Bob Stephenson,
Harold Stern, Walter Strickland,
Robert Taylor, Donald Wallace,
Charles Weiss, Duncan Wierengo,
Don Whitney.
Smoked Glasses Needed: We are
unable to obtain more dark glasses
such as we have given to students
after eye tests. There may be some
of these about student rooms which
we would appreciate having returned
to the Health Service for use.
Warren E. Forsythe

"I anticipate some house-to-house fighting with the Blue Army
in the next town-got any former installment collectors we
can use on that job?"

Washington Merry- o- Round

WASHINGTON-The vigorous questions rais-
ed by the British people regarding an expedition-
any force to Europe have been echoed this week
both openly and privately by high officials in
IN SOME CIRCLES there has been a feeling
that with summer gone, and the Russian army
pushed back and back, Churchill has lost his
golden opportunity. Other officials, who realize
the problem the British face, are not so critical.
However, gleaned from expert military quart-
ers, here are the inescapable facts:
The Germans now have only thirty divisions
in Western Europe. Counting about 15,000 men
to a division .(though the number varies), this
means about 450,000 men. But of these, it is
doubtful if Hitler's generalissimos could risk us-
ing more than ten' divisions, or 150,000 men, to
oppose the British. The other troops would have
to be scattered over France, Jugoslavia, Czecho-
slovakia to prevent uprisings. That is one ad-
vantage of attacking at this time-the belliger-
ent spirit in the occupied areas.
Contrasted with this Nazi force, the British
have an army of more than 2,000,000 men con-
centrated in the United Kingdom. In the Near
East they have 1,500,000, with another half mil-
lion in the Far East, India and Singapore. Bui of
the 2,000,000 men in England, only about 750,-
000 are fully equipped with modern mechanized
This is a small and ineffective number com-
pared with the total German army, but not small
when compared with the German army now
guarding Western Europe.
Britain Waits
ALSO TO Bk CONSIDERED is the fact that if
Hitler could not invade England last year,
the British would have a tough time making a
landing in France, now super-fortified by the
Nazis. On: the other hand, the British would
find thousands of Frenchmen ready to help them,
together with Dutch, Norwegians, Spanish if
they should land in those countries.
Therefore, in the minds of U.S. military ex-
perts, the explanation of British inactivity boils
down to exactly this: For nearly two years the
British have been training an army to defend

up an attacking army. But their strategy called
for the offensive not until 1943.
And when the golden opportunity ca We this
past summer, the British just could not change
their strategy fast enough.
9 0'ih9 fPly
. End Result of
A Belly Ache
SAST SUMMER the housewives of America
rallied 'round the national defense-or so
they thought. They gave their aluminum pots
and pans willingly to their country to help de-
fend our shores from the totalitarian agressor.
Mrs. Housewife, would you like to know what
happened to your (V for Victory) aluminum-
ware? Well, the answer is-Nothing. They are
lying idle in the yards of the smelters, but no-
body knows what to do with them, and nobody
seems to care, except, of course, the housewife.
The main object of the campaign, it appears,
was to bring the emergency home to Mr. and
Mrs. Average Citizen, not because the pans
were needed. Clever little stunt, isnt' it? Get a
good laugh, Housewives. Prices have gone up,
and all that, but I see by the papers that some
guy's invented a paper cooking utensil that can
stand practically any heat. Ain't science grand?
also see by the papers that there is an alum-
inum shortage, because all of the aluminum is
controlled by one company, called the Aluminum
Company of America. It seems sort of funny does
it not, that they hake no call for the pots and
pans? Or do you think it's possible that this
Aluminum Company of America has some pull
down there in Washington. But perish the
thought, because we know that no company
would be so selfish as to wish to profiteer on our
country's peril.
The whole thing's just a little joke on the
housewives. Let's all laugh. Ha, ha, ha-all in
When they start pulling the bread out of the
little babies' mouths, and the babies' legs get


rfi&aw . ,ia. iG
Senate Reception: Since no indi- - Director, Health Service
vidual invitations are being sent, this
is a cordial invitation to all members Ewome
of the teaching staff and their wives Eligibility cards for women partici-
of th e echn sta ff nd the ir e spating in League activities will be
to be present at the Senate Recep- sge hsve rm30-:0pm
t ion to new members of the faculties signed this week from 3:00-5:00 pm
on Tuesday, November 4if the ball- in Miss McCormick's office in the
room of the Michigan Union at 8:30 League.
p.m. The reception will take place
from 8:30 to 10:00 o'clock, after Academic Notices
which there will be dancing from
10:00 to 12:00. It is especially hoped German Make-up Examinations
that new teaching fellows and in- will be held Monday, October '20, in
structors may be present and the Room 204 U.H. 1:30-4:30. Permis-
chairmen of departments are asked to sion from instructors and consulta-
be of assistance in bvinging this tions must have, been taken care of
about. as previously announced.

The Social Science Research Voun-
cil announcement regarding postdoc-
toral research training fellowships,
'predoctoral" field fellowships, and
grants-in-aid of research in the social
sciences is available -to students at
the Information Desk in the Gradu-
ate School Office. Applications for
1942-43 must reach 230 Park Avenue,
New York City, as early ag possible
and certainly prior to February 1,
Students, College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts: No course may
be elected for credit after tomorrow.
E. A. Walter
Students, College' of Literature,
Science, and the Arts: Election cards
filed after the end of the first week
of the semester may be accepted by
the Registrar's Office only if they
are approved by Assistant Dean Wal-
ter. Students who fail to file their
-election blanks by the close of the
third week, even though they have
registered and have attende'd classes
unofficially, will forfeit their privi-
lege of continuing in the College for
the semester. If such students have
paid any tuition fees, Assistant Dean
Walter .will issue a withdrawal card
for them.,

History , Make-up Examinations:
The make-up examinations in all his-
tory courses will be iven at 3:00 p.m.
today in Room C, Haven Hall. Written
permission from the instructor in the
course must be presented by all stu-
students takin a make-up. Please
do not wait until Friday afternoon
to see your instructor for his per-
Political Science 1: Make-up ex-
aminatiohi for students absent from
the examination given in June: Sat-
urday, October 18, 2-5 p.m., Room
2203 Angell Hall.
Political Science 2: Make-up ex-
aminati9n for students absent from
the exanination given in June: Sat,
urday, October 18, 2-5 p.m., Room
2203 Angell Hall.
Harold . Dbrr
Grace Moore Concert: Tickets for
the Grace Moore concert, Wednes-
day evening, October 22, in Hill Audi-
torium, are on sale overthe counter
in Burton Memorial Tower. A limit-
ed number of season tickets (10 con-
certs) or for the other individual con-
certs, are also available.
On the days of the respective con-



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