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October 09, 1941 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1941-10-09

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Weather
Cloudy and Cooler

Y U

Sitigau

~~IAit

I " . 1 "1 -

Editorial

Student Apathy
Is Attacked,..

VOL. IJI. No. 10 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN THURSDAY, OCTOBER 9, 1941 Z-23

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Lend-Lease Fund
Increase Passed
By House Group
7 - -- - - - - - -

Coed Defense

Planned

rra ining
University

By

Soviet Admits Pressure
.As Red Troops Retreat;

Courses In Nutrition, Red Cross And Home Nursing
Set Up By New Emergency Committee

Five Billion Dollars Asked
For Aid To England;
Started Through House
Neutrality Change
Js Sought By F1R
WASHINGTON, Oct. 8. -UP)--.
President Roosevelt's request for a
$5,985,000,000 lend-lease fund was
approved overwhelmingly by the
House Appropriations Committee to-
day and its backers started it through
Congress with a cry that "clouds of
airplanes" and "acres of tanks" are
needed to beat Hitler
Within a few minutes after the
committee approved a $6,159,416,229
omnibus bill carrying the aid fund,
Chairman Cannon (Dem.-Mo.) took
it to the House floor for three.days
of debate with this statement:
"Our allies abroad are fighting with
their backs to the wall and cannot
suriive without our assistance. And
if they succumb we must at some
portion of .ur continent be faced
by an aggressor who in two short
years has destroyed every nation in
Europe.
We must supply them with 6louds
of airplanes, acres of) tanks and
munitions, to equal and surpass the
vast streams of machinery flowing
from aggressor countries."
But Republicans promptly retort-
ed that since very little of the first
$7,00.,000,000 lend-lease appropria-
tion of last March had been spent,
the current fund was not needed im-
mnediately.
Representative Raber (N.Y.), sen-
ior Republican committeeman, told
the House there was "place after
place" where the President's recom-
mendations could be cut and an-
nounced :he woud propose, among
other things, a $300,000,000 cut in a
$1,875,000000' lump sum for agricul-
tifal, industrial and other commodi-
ties.
Neutrality Change
Sought By FDR
WASHINGTON, Oct. 8.-(UP)-Pres-
ident Roosevelt will ask Congress to-
morrow, for an amendment to the
neutrality act permitting America'n
cargo ships to mount guns, legislative
leaders reported today.
The President hopes, it was said,
that later tCongress will also rescind
provisions of the same law which
forbids the ships to enter ports of
belligerent nations.
A decision to confine the legisla-
tion to the armed ship issue was
reached today at a White House con-
ference attended by leading members
of both parties from both branches
of Congress and also by :Harry L.
Hopkins, Co-ordinator of the Lease-
Lend pregram, and a close personal
adviser of the President.
Hopkins and several others' were
reported to be deeply disappointed at
the decision not to include repeal of
the ship movement restrictions in
the legislation. Some officials ex-
presed a hope, however, that some-
where aloar the bill's parliamentary
course-probably in the Senate F"or-
eign Relations Committee,-such a
repealer would be added to the mea-
n sure.
So much stress was laid upon this
point, in fact, that conjecture was
aroused as to whether the grand strat-
egy adopted was not this: To avoid
too much opposition in Congress by
asking for only a part of what is
actually wanted and insert the re
mainder when a favorable opportun-
ity arises.
It was decided the House should
take up the measure first of all,
with hearings to begin Monday be-
fore its foreign affairs committee.
School Board Kills
Request For Appeal

The Ann Arbor school board, a ma-
jority of its members now pro-Hais-
ley since the recent election, last
night voted 6-3 to withdraw a 're-
quest, made to the state supreme
court by the old board, asking for an
appeal on the state tenure commis-
sion's decision compelling a hearing
for the Superintendent.
The case has been pending before
the court since the commission's de-
M niin at summer.

'

Jobs For Students But
No Students For Jobs

*

Faced with the unique situation of
having literally hundreds of approved
job applications and none of the ap-
plicants, NYA officials today appealed
to those students who applied for
NYA work this summer to come in
and make out personnel records so
that they can be put to work.
Already over 600 students are
working on projects, but the NYA
administration estimates that when
summer applicants report between
800 and 900 will be given employ-
ment. Those who have not yet com-
pleted their records should come to
205 North Hallibefore Saturday.
Serbian Rebels
Fight Germans
In New Battles
Insurgents Resist Nazis
In Mountain Warfare;
Execution Toll Mounts
BUDAPEST, Hungary, Oct. 8.-1P)
-At least 90 persons have been killed
in new mountain battles between a
German army punitive expedition
equipped with flame throwers, and
Serbian insurgent bands, dispatches
from Belgrade. reported tonight.
The German expedition was said
to' have put hundreds of Serbs to
death, but to have met fierce re-
sistance in some areas. Fighting
from village to village, the Germans
were met at times by bands number-
ing as many as 500 men, it was
stated.
One large band was said to have
attacked a village near the Morava
River in the eastern part of Nazi-
occupied Serbia, in old Yugoslavia.
After several hours of fighting the
insurgents were said to have been
routed. The Belgrade )newspaper
Novo Vreme said 31 men were killed,
80 wounded, and 17 taken prisoner.
Another report described battles
at Sikola between important forma-
tion of 'Communists and insurgents
and the Serbian regular' army. Twen-
ty-seven Communists were said to
have been killed and four imprisoned.
ASME Members
Open New Season
Presenting three mechanical en-
gineering faculty men who outlined
the past, present and future of the
organization, the student section of
the American Society of Mechanical
Engineers held its opening meeting
of the semester last night.
Speakers were Prof. E. T. Vincent,
who summarized the past history of
the chapter, Prof. R. S. Hawley, who
told of the relation between the local
organization and the national sec-
tions, ,and Prof. R. C. Porter, who
outlined the future plans for the
society.

By DAN BEHRMAN
Stressing the need for college wo-
men -to take a more important part
in community life whether at peace
or war," Dean Alice C. Lloyd an-
nounced yesterday a program of co-ed
participation in the defense effort.
Recommended at the first meeting
of the newly-formed University wo-
men's defense committee, the three-
point program consists of credit and
extra-curricular courses in nutrition,
Red Cross work, and home nursing.
The Red Cross course, open to1
sophomore, junior, and senior women,
will consist of a minimum twenty
hours work with a Red Cross certifi-
cate to be given upon its completion.
Although definite sections have not
been made up, Dean Lloyd urged all
women interested to register immedi-
ately with Miss Ethel McCormick at
the League.
"Whether for defense purposes or
not," Dean Lloyd declared, "this is
an excellent course for any woman to
have." She also applied this state-
ment to the credit work in nutrition
which will be offered next semester.
In the field of home nursing, ex-
tra-curricular training has been setl
up through the League. Women in-
terested in this work should report to
Miss McCormick.
Reviewing the purpose of the new-
ly-inaugurated program, Dean Lloyd
asserted that the best way for women
to support defense activities is to face
their community responsibilities.
"There are special demands in
time of war," she noted. "It -is to
meet the demands of our present sit-
Anti-Fascistic
College Group
TQ Meet Here.

uation that this committee on de-
fense activity is planning certain
training, both curricular and extra-
curricular."
In describing the "special de-
mands," Dean Lloyd referred to an
American Council of Education Re-
port on women in defense work. The
report declares that a growing short-
age of dietitians, nutritionists, bac-
teriologists and social workers coup-
led with government staff require-
ments has placed the college-trained
woman in a position of new impor-
tance.
With Dean Lloyd as chairman, the
women's defense committee consists
of Mrs. Byrl F. Bacher, Miss Adelia
M. Beeuwkes, Dr. Margaret Bell, Miss
Laurie E. Campbell, Miss Hazel G.
Herringshaw and Miss Ethel A. Mc-
Cormick.
Maurice Evans
Will Present
Lecture ,Here
Noted Actor To Inaugurate
1941 Oratorical Series
With Talk Tomorrow,
Stepping from the mustiness of
college classrooms and tomes will be
a different Shakespeare when Mau-
rice Evans, noted Shakespearean
actor, presents "Shakespeare in the.
News" 4or Oratorical Association
audiences in Hill Auditorium tomor-
row.
The noted actor's appearance will
be a red-letter event not only for
the British Relief Fund, to which he
will donate proceeds, but for the
local audience.

Nazi High Command Says
Russian Ninth Army
Is CaughtIn South"
Moscow Defenses
Shaken By Troops
(By The Associated Press)
MOSCOW, Oct. 8.-The Soviet
armies below Moscow withdrew today
from the important railway town' of
Orel after furious fighting, the Red
Army High Command announced to-
night in a terse confession of mighty
German pressure on t o central sec-
tors and just above the Sead! Azov,
on the extreme south.
Orel, on the Moscow-Kharkov-
Rostov railway, some 220 miles' south
of Moscow and 68 miles east of Bry-
ansk, was squarely in the path of thev
southern aim of a week-long German
enveloping mdvement intended to
trap and destroy the Russian Armies
defending the Soviet capital.
Its fall put the second of two
mighty Nazi columns in much more
menacing position below the capital,
while to the west the other supreme
thrust was operating from the vicin-
ity of Vyazma, only 125 miles short of
Moscow.
Advances Acknowledged
In the far south German advances
were acknowledged by the Soviet
Command'sadmission that fighting
was raging about Melitopol, on the
Sea of Azov along the gateway to
Rostov on the River Don and to the
Caucasus beyand. (The Germans al-
ready had claimed to be well beyond
Melitopol with the 'seizure of the
Azov ports of Ossipenko and Mariu-
pol.)
But it was on the Moscow ap-
proaches where the hour of greatest
crisis was at hand.
There, in the greatest mechanized
battle ever fought, the central Rus-
sian armies beat back desperately at
a series of mighty concentric thrusts
by which superior German forces
were slowly extending their bloody
salients.
Great Nazi Losses Reported
In a terrible chaos on two ill-de-
fined and shifting fronts, German
advances were acknowledged here
and there. But they were achieved,
said Soviet military dispatches, at
immense cost, to the invaders-rin-
cluding more than 500 tanks de-
stroyed-and by rushing up great
new bodies of armored troops and
infantry and fresh squadrons of dive
bombers for this supreme test of the
war in the East.
Russian engineers sweating under
unending German fire, broke the
bitter terrain with hundreds of miles
of trenches and tank traps.
Meanwhile in Washington the
White House today accused the Nazis
of distorting for propaganda pur-
poses a lettet in which President
Roosevelt assured Premier Joseph
Stalin of supplies to fight Hitler.

Nazis Claim New

Trap

Singing, Coeds
Will Compete
Tomorrow
Preliminary auditions in the School
of Music-Hour of Charm $1,000 tal-
ent search for singing coeds will be
held 7 p.m. tomorrow at Morris Hall.
Ten of the 30 entrants will be
named to sing at the Michfgan finals
to be held at the Lydia Mendelssohs
Theatre Wednesday.
A competent accompanist will be
on hand, but entrants may bring
their own pianist, Prof. Arthur Hack-
ett said. All girls must bring their
own music.'
The four-man voice faculty of the
music school will judge the competi-
tion and will team up with two mem-
bers of the Hour of Charm all-girl
orchestra Wednesday to judge the
finals.
The three best voices will be re-
corded, and one of the three will be
chosen Michigan's entrant to sing
on the Hour of Charm on Novemp-
ber 16.
Wreckage Still
Bloeks Lake
Ore Steamers
Soo Channel Is Expected
To Be Clear Of Debris
Within Next 24 Hours
-BULLETIN '-
SAULT STE. KARIE, Thurs-
day, Oct. 9.-UP)---The approach
to one of the two main locks of
the St. Mary's River canal was
cleared of obstruction early to-
day and ore-bearing freighters
tied up for nearly 48 hours re-.
sumed movement.
SAULT STE. MARIE, Oct. 8.--VP)
-A 120-ton locomotive, sprawled on
the St. Mary's river bottom beneath
25 feet of water, still defied workmen
who labored into the chilly night in
a furious effort to restore navigation
on the busiest iron-ore waterway in
the world.
Using a huge-derrick boom with a
known lifting power of 167 tons, the
wreckers struggled with the loco-
motive throughoutdthe day, but were
unable tb get it out of the path huge
freighters must follow through the
locks.
The engine plunged into the west
approach to the two biggest locks
yesterday when one arm of a large
Bascule bridge collapsed. Two men
in the cab were drowned.
Engineers hope to drag the loco-
motive to one side of the channel,
in a position roughly beneath thea
damaged bridge Farm. Then they will
try to remove the wreckage that is
now fouling the good arm.

German Forces Menace
Moscow; Crisis Is Near
For Capital Of Russia
Reich Casualties
Said To Be High
(By The Associated Press)
BERLIN, Oct. 8.-General Fedor
Von Bocks German armies of the
center are fighting a chain of vast
and furious battles of annihilation
with the backbone of the Red army
within 125 miles of Moscow, and the
Soviet Ninth Army is cau'ght in ca-
tastrophe in the south along the
shores of the Azov Sea, the Supreme
Nazi Command announced tonight.
Locked, admittedly, in a strugg
of tremendous moment with the
flower of the Soviet Union's defen-
sive power on the Central Front, the
Germans were reported to have erec-
ted a "kettle" of encirclement and
destruction already around several
Russian armies in the Vyazma ara
after tearing a breach in a stalwart
Red line of fortifications Vast of
Smolensk.
Capital Defenses Shaken
Military spokesmen said the outer
defenses of the Soviet capital were
thoroughly shaken and that "a solid
German front" is within125 miles of
the Kremlin.
Far to the south the Ninth Armyof
Marshal Semeon Budyenny was de-
clared to have been cut off from re-
treat after a crushing defeat on
the Melitopol front north of the
Sea of Azov, with between six and
seven Russiai div sion facing de-
struction in a tight trap and "weak
remnants" trying to flee to Rostov
on-Don at the eastern extremity of
the sea..
A special communique-the second
of the day-said a German tank
army, backed by Italian, Hungarian
and Slovak units, smashed south-
ward to the Sea of Azov from Dnie-
peropetrovsk, joining forces at Oss-
ipenko (Berdyansk) with Gerrtan
and Rumanian forces coming along
the coast from the west.
3,500 Prisoners Taken.
The grain-iron port of Mariupol is
only a little over a hundred miles
from Rostov, easternmost point
reached by the German imperial
armies in the last great war. Sei-
official advices inditated one Soviet
division already was /considered de-
stroyed in this seacost area, and 3,500
prisoners taken.
Commentators would not say Mos-
cow was immediately meraced; they
insisted, a they have often done be-
fore, that destruction of Russian
fighting men, not the capture of
cities, is their main objective. They
frankly described the defenders of
the Moscow front a "the most and
'the best-equipped divisions of the
Bolshevik, armed forces," and they
said Timoshenko has had the time
and the opportunity to reorganize
regular and reserve 'forces after the
early battles of Minsk, Bialystok and
Smolensk.
One source-the commentary ser-
vice Dienst Aus Deustchland-as-
serted that in the case of Timo-
shenko's forces "there is not the
slightest' doubt that the objective-
I(destruction) - is alm os t accom-
plished."

Evans comes to Ann Arbor at the
Student leaders from the campuses pinnacle of his career, the outstand-
of Michigan State College, Wayne ing actor of the day. Here he will
University and the University will be seen not in one role, but in many
meet at 8:00 p.m. today in the Union roles as he presents the most fam-
to form a United Student Commit- ous speeches in his exhaustive Shake-
tee Against Fascism. spearean repertoire.
Committees will be formed at all Tickets for the complete Oratorical
three schools and then a state exec- Association Series will remain on sale
utive council, with a representative today and tomorrow. The box office
from each committee, will be ap- at Hill Auditorium will place single
pointed. tickets for the Evans presentation
Preparations will also be made at on sale today at 10 a.m. They will
the conference for three large mass also be on sale tomorrow.
meetings to be held simultaneously j "Shakespeare in. the News" will be
on the three campuses sometime in the curtain raiser in the 1941-42
November. Emphasis will be placed, Oratorical Association Series.

on preparing a common policy for
action against fascism.
Students who have been invited
from Michigan State include Tom
Green, managing editor of the Mich-
igan State Spartan; Tom Connelly,
member of the Student Council, and
Rose Taylor, representative of Hillel.
Robert Swarthout of the Wayne
Collegian, members of the Mackenzie
Board, the Student Council and the
Interfraternity Council at Wayne
have also received invitations to at-
tend the conference.
Students from the Student Senate,
the 'Chinese Students Club, the In-
terfraternity -_Council, The Michigan
Daily, Hillel, the Student Defenders
of Democracy and other organiza-
hions are to represent the University
at the meeting.

, 41
Welsh Coal Miner In Racham: t
Jack Jones Will Deliver Talk
On British Labor Here Today

W'olga-Vol ga'
To Be Shown,
Art Cinema Will Present1
Russian. Picture
"The audience is, having the time
of its life"--this review by a critic
in the newspaper PM describing howI
a New York audience reacted to the
new Soviet musical comedy "Volga-,#
Volga" foretells the film's reception1
here, Art Cinema officials say, at its
showings 8:15 p.m. Saturday and Sun-
day in Lydia Mendelssohbn Theatre.
The program will also include a
Russian newsreel of fighting on the
Eastern Front and an English docu-
mentary film of an RAF raid on4
Nazi-held islands.f
"Volga-Volga," the first of Art Cin-
ema's showings this season, is t
humorous story df the musical ri-
valry between Strelka, a girl letter-
carrier who writes, popular music in
secret, and her fiance, Aliosha, who
toots an unpopular bass tuba in
public.
When her boy-friend sneers at the
idea that a girl letter-carrier can
write music, Strelka becomes /indig-
nant and there is a lover's quarrel.
The battle of the ,sexes becomes a
battle of the saxaphones when thel
two lead rival groups down the Volga
,river to compete in a nation-wide
music festival.
After a series of ludicrous musical
ind nautical mishaps, Strelka wins
irst prize in the competition for her
"Song of the Volga," proving that
:ven creative music is a field no
longer barred to women.
Congress Appoints Two
To Its Executive Council

----------------------

Conservation Institute Opens:
Dana Stresses Need For Saving
Natural Resources OfAmerica

With fifty-seven years as a Welsh
coal miner and wage negotiator be-
bind him, Jack Jones will speak here
today at 8:00 p.m. in the Rackham
Amphitheatre on "How British Labor
Views The War."
Jones' address, part of the public
lecture program of the Committee To
Defend America, will present the po-
ition of the English worker in this
conflict while dispelling "the illusion
of a capitalists' war." Jones brings
twenty-six years underground in
Wales' coal centers and a long record
in the British Labor Party to the
platform.
Although Jones' activities in World
War II have consisted of civilian de-
fense work in "Coventrized" areas, he
'as served a total of eight years in
he British army and was wounded
Several times in 1914-18.
Jones' occupations since the Armis-

By HALE CHAMPION -
Defining conservation as socially
wise use of our natural resources,
Dean Samuel T. Dana of the forestryi
school today opened the two day
program of the Conservation Insti-
tute with a keynote address on
"Where Do We Stand in Conserva-
tion?"
Speaking at the morning session in;
the Rackham Building, Dean Dana;
emphasized that biological and en-
gineering conservation techniques
were much more highly developed
than actual use of them would indi-
cate. -
He also stressed ifs was in large part
up to the individual to acquaint him-
self with the problems involved so
that conservation could be made a
reality by assuring the adoption of
socially sound conservation policies.
Jay H. Price:regional forester, con-
tinued the session with a discussion

People." Mr. Reynolds explained in
detail how forest now improperly
managed might become of both indus-
trial and rcreational importance.
Those forests which are now go-
ing to waste in the eastern part of
the country with proper handling
could be developed into locally im-
portant industries, he claimed. He
went on to say that the develp-
ment of a community forest-for recre-
ational purposes would also enable us
to rpalize forest utility.
President Ruthyen greeted the dele-
gates at luncheon' and afterwards a
discussion of local conservation pro-
jects was followed by a field trip
which visited many of these pro-
jects.
Prof. Paul B. Sears of Oberlin,
speaking atuthe evening banquet on
"This Is Our Life," said that con-
servation is political and social dyna-
mite and that we will never solve our

Legislature Meets,
Tomorrow After
'Sitdown Strike'
LANSING, Oct. 8.-(iP)-A van-
guard of senators and representatives
descended on the capitol today, seek-
ing to arrange battle lines for a finish
fight when the legislature reassem-
bles tomorrow after its unpreceden-
ted "sitdown strike" against Governor
Van Wagoner.
Interviews with the early arrivals
riade just one thing clear: That they
were just as confused concerning
means of procedure to permit restor-
ation of peace and an orderly ad-
journment as anybody else in the
capitol.
Rep. Maurice E. Post, Republican,
Rockford, Speaker pro tempore of the
House and influential in swinging
votes, and Senator D. Hale Brake,

I _ ...__ #.,. .. .. ,..

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