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October 08, 1941 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1941-10-08

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Weather3
Partly Cloudy

10

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Editorial
Defend Freedom
Of Expression,.,

VOL. LII. No. 9

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 8, 1941

4-323

I

PRICE FIVE CENTS '

1

Vital Ports
Occupied;
Nazis Say
Soviet Grain, Coal Centers
On Sea Of Azov Held
By Advancing Germans
Rfissians Report
Clash Near Capital
NEW YORK, Oct. 7.-W)-The
British radio in a broadcast heard
by CBS late tonight reported the
Russians had driven their enemies
back 15 kilometers, and thus be-
yono gua range, from besieged
Odessa.
The BBC said the source of its
report was " a wire reached Moscow
from Odessa."
(By The Associated Press)
BERLIN, Oct. 7.- :German forces
pressing eastward in a massive six-
day-old offensive have flanked the
rich Soviet industrial Donets Basin
by occupying the ports of Mariupol
and Ossipenko, two-thirds of the
way across the north shore of the
Sea of Azov, authoritative sources
announced tonight.
Mariupol, 125 miles east of the
Dnieper River and 100 miles west of
the Don River city of Rostov, and
Ossipenko, 40 miles southwest of
Mariupol, were described by the Ger-
mans as the most important Russian
grain and cdal ports on the Sea, of
x Azov.
They declared that by flanking the
Donets Basin the Nazi forces had
made "virtually indefensible" this
wealthy industrial area upon which
Russia depends for much of its war
supplies.
The capture of the two important
Soviet ports presumably was part of
the majcx~ victory reported in 'a
morning High Command communi-
que. This claimed capture of the
staff of the Ninth Russian Army and
a continuing drive against retreat-
ing Soviet colum jns with tanks,
motorcycles and armored cars.
Mariupol is a fishing and shipping
city with a large Greek population of
emigrants from the Crimea. From
its harbor, four miles to the south-
west, corn 'and iron are shipped
across the Black Sea. Its principal
industries are smelting, graphite and
woolen goods.
Ossipenko, formerly Berdyansk,
was renamed in 1940 for the Soviet
Aviatrix Maria Ossipenko. It has
an excellent port. It is about the
same size as Mariupol, with a nor-
mal population of 40,000.
Russians Report
Clash Near Capital
MOSCOW, Wednesday, Oct. 8.-(P)
-Violent fighting has developed in
two main sectors of the central front
before Moscow but Russian armies,
supported by troops rushed up from
the far rear, were. declared today to
be breasting. with counter-attacks the
shock of a supreme German 'mech-
anized offensive.
Particularly heavy clashes are in
progress in the directions of Vyazma,
150 miles west of the capital, and
Bryansk, on the Desna River some 200
miles to the southwest, today's early
morning communique said. Both are
important rail centers, 140 miles
apart.
This was the first time the Russians
officially had cutlined the general
scope of a new and vast pincer move-

ment launched by the Germans
against the Soviet capital.
In one sector of the southern front
--tunlocated officially but presum-
ably along the shores of the Sea of,
Azov)-the Russians announced the
Red air force destroyed 64 German
tanks and armored cars, 130 trucks
with infantry and a vast amount of
guns and other war materials.
Far behind the Germans lines in
the south, the communique said,
Odessaa's defenders in a.2-day battle
routed four battalions of Rumanian
infantry and the 75th infantry regi-
ment of the 27the German division.:
State Police Guard
Struck Steel Plant
HILL SDALE, Oct. 7.-4)-State
Police guarded tonight the area about
the Hillsdale Steel Products Company
plant where a battle between rival
unionists this morning sent seven
....... 4 - ,, 1- .. .1 C...

Collapse, Of Soo Bridge
Blocks Vital Ore Flow
(By The Associated Press) tane lne oterdah
SAUL STE. MARIE, Oct.s 7 trainmen pugd tth~i dah
Achokedthe 280-foot approach to the
Wi ecking crews and army engineers two principal locks, leaving only one
worked feverishly tonight to restore auxiliary lock for shallow-draft yes-
the flow of defense-vital iron ore zels open to navigation on the Amer-
through the St. Mary's Falls Canal, cn side of the St. Mary's River
w hose main channels had been 'apids.
blocked since early morning by the By mid-afternoon, 30 vessels had
collapse of a lift bridge said to be one een forced to drop anchor above the
of the longest of the Bascule type locks because their cargoes-prin-
in the world. lcsbcuetercrospi-
in te wold.cipally of iron ore destined for the
Authorities estimated that by mid- amelters of defense industries-forced
night tomorrow 130 vessels would be their water lines ;lower than the
forced either to drop anchor and wait draft of 16 feet 6 inches which the
for the wreckage to be cleared away remaining American lock and the
or to remove parts of their cargo. .mall, canal on the Canadian sideof
Ruins of the bridge and of a Du- the rapids could accommodate.
luth, South Shore & Atlantic freight
locomotive and tender in which two Another eight vessels carrying coal
to Lake Superior ports tied up below
- the locks, although the facilities af-
Conserv tion forded passage for most upbound
craft, which customarily travel with
j light cargoes.
Body To, pen Military authorities estimated that
it would take four days to clear away
sthe wreckage. They held out a faint
Session Todaylhope that it would be possible to raise
the south arm of the biidge, fouled
by the massive steel super-structure
Two Day Meeting To Start of the sagging north arm, and pro-
With Address By Dana, vide restricted access to the main
At Generl A bl locks even before that.
Genera ssemly Cleveland's ore and coal exchange
reported that a four-day interruption
Opening the two day meeting of of navigation would have little effect
the Conservation Institute, Dean upon operations in steel mills which
Samuel T. Dana of the forestry now have a six-weeks supply of ore
school will address the general ses- on hand. There was no estimate of
sion to be held at 9:15 a. m. today what reduction would result in the
in the Rackham building, speaking season's tonnage through what is one
on the subject "Where Do We Stand of the world's busiest waterways. It
In Conservation." had been estimated that the year's
'Discussion will continue through total would hit an\all-time peak of
the morning and afternoon. Follow- 100,000,000 tons.
ing Dean Dana's address Jay H. Price,
Regional Forester, and Harris A. Rey-
nolds of the Massachusetts Forest PopulaE Author,
and Park Association will speak and u
lead discussions.s
After luncheon at which President T
Ruthven will welcome the delegates
a field trip to local projects has bee
Manned A round table of local Lecture Seri s
leaders will explain conservation ac-
complishments in this area before Mortimer J. dler, world-wide
the trip tibortim r Jf HowtoRdi
the etripec o he enn known author of 'How to Read a
The feature speech of the evening Book" and "What Man Has Made of
banquet 'will. be, given by Prof. ,Paul
B. Sears of Oberlin College. His talk Man," will open the 1941-42 lecturq
'This Is Our World' will end the day's series of the Student Religious Asso-
activities. ciation with an address on "Thomas
Discussions of important conserva- Aquinas and the Modern World" at
tion problems will continue through- 8Inas mnTedayn Worh 'ath
out the second day of the Institute, :15 p.m. Tuesday in the Rackham
with emphasis leaving the forestry Lecture Hall.
problem to dwell on more general The second scheduled feature of
topics. Highlighting the second day's the series, a discpssion of "Christian-
program will be a discussion of the ity and the War" by Dr. Henry P.
Detroit-Huron-Clinton Parkway and Van Dusen, professor of theology at
Playground Project by H. B. Earhart, the Union Theological Seminar, and
Chairman of the Authority. the Rev. Dr. Hitt Crane of the Cen-
Oihr wh will k t ta1 fhPn-I tralkMethodist Church in Detroit_ on

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Depot Ripped Chinese Club
Many Injured Will Sponsor
I £R Cz h, Formal Dance

Welles Foresees
Crisis In Nation
After World War

Lansing Is Mishap Scene;
Box Cars Buckle, Snake
As FreightIs Derailed
One Life Claimed
In Falling Debris
(By The Associated Press)
LANSING, Oct. 7.-A 13-year-old
magazine peddler was fatally injured
and 12 persons were hurt this after-
noon when a fast Chicago-to-New
York Grand Trunk freight train
ripped up tracks and crushed one
end of the main south end depot here.
Chief of Police John F. O'Briengf
Lansing, directing hastily summoned
rescue crews, including 100 State
Police troopers, announced tonight
that the wreckage of the depot had
been completely cleared. and that no
other injured persons were found.
The dead: James Smith, 13, Lan-
sing,
List Of Injured
The injured: Russell Oliver. 14,
Lansing newsboy; Walter Becky, Nor-
wood, Ohio; Dr. Louis A. Wileden,
Mason; Joseph H. Miller, St. Louis,
Mo.; George H, Siddo, St. Louis, Mo.;
William Rodgers, 50, Moberly, Mo.;
Mrs. Anna McManus, 58, Lansing;
Herman Debrecht, 58, Florisant. Mo.;
Mrs. Jennie Hoffman, Lansing; An-
drew Hoffman, Lansing; Mrs. Mar-
garet Gardner, 29, Lansing, and Rog-
er Gardner, 7.
All disaster agencies in the com-
munity, including Red Cross, Boy and

Celebration Of Double Ten
Day Will Mark Event;
War Relief Is Aim

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Representing the annual effort of
University Chinese students to raise
contributions to aid war-torn China,
the first formal dance of the school
year will be held under the auspices
of thb Chinese Students Club from

9:30 p.m. to

1 a.m. Friday in the
ballroom of the League
to celebrate "Double
Ten Day," the 30th
anniversary of the
Chinese Republic.
Proceeds from the
dance will be donated
to the United Chinaj

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Relief Drive to purchase medical and
relief supplies for China's more than
45,000,000 war refugees. One dollar
in American money will purchase 20
Chinese dollars worth of supplies.
Dance music will be provided by
Herb Miller and his orchestra. En-
tertainment will be highlighted by
display of 14th, 17th, 19th and 20th
Tickets for the anniversary ball
are priced at $2 a couple. They
may be purchased at the Social
Director's Office in the League or
at the Union desk.
century Chinese fashions. A scarf
dance, a form of Chinese ballet, will
also be presented by a company from
Chicago.
"Double Ten Day," the Chinese
Fourth of July, received its name
from the fact that it comes on the
tenth day of the tenth month. The
ballroom will be decorated along the
"Double Ten" theme.
Student Group
To Formulate
Action Policy
,

Dickinson Successor
Enters Rhumba Class
LANSING, Oct. 7. - (/P) - Latin
rhythm is entering State govern-
ment.
Governor and Mrs. Van Wagoner
disclosed today they had enrolled in
a country club dancing class, with in-
tentions of learning to rhumba from
a trained instructor.
"We've wanted to try the rhumba
for a long time," Mrs. Van Wagoner
said, "but it locked so complicated."
They missed lesson No. 1 last week
but unless affairs of state intervene
they will attend for lesson No. 2 to-
morrow night.
Discussions
On Marriage
To Be Given
Five Speakers To Deliver
Series Of Addresses;
Dr. Mead Will Open
Five speakers will offer a series of
six talks this fall and five additional
lectures have been scheduled for the
spring semester in the marriage re-

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Sea Scouts, physicians and nurses
were mobilized to care for the injured
and dig in the wreckage of the sta-
tion for others at first believed to be
there. Hospitals were placed on an
emergency basis.
Before the accident occurred, the
fifth car, it was said, rose up and
those behind "cracked like a whip,"
strewing themselves along the right
of way. Thirty cars were said to
have been derailed, those nearest
the station having been completely!
wrecked.j

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Station Caves In
Grover Hartley, signalman in a Committee Will Organize
tower at the street intersection, said F iass
he saw the box cars buckle and Against ,Fascism; Mass
leaped to safety, seconds before the Meetings Are Planned
two-story tower was knocked down.
The side of the station was caved in.
Witnesses offered two versions of Coming together in the first step
the accident. One believed that a toward organization df a United
rail had divided near the depot, while Students Committee Against Fascism,
another held that wheel truck gave students from three Michigan col-
way three blocks east of the station. leges will confer here at 8 p.m. to-
Containers of fruit, mostly grapes, morrow in the Union.

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weesrws w po wus speaa abu te con- he Representativesof1variedcpu
ference sponsored by the University Thursday, Oct. 16, has been canceled. stere strewed profusely about the Representatives of varied campus
of Michigan Extension Service and Dr. Van Dusen, a prominent interven- station and tracks, bespattering the organizationsat Wayne University,
various conservation agencies include tionist who has been visiting in Eng- versity have been invited to meet
Mrs. Marjorie Bigham, Cranbrook; land, has been unable to obtain pas- to formulate a policy of common
Professors Louis A. Wolfganger and sage to the United States from Lis- Ann Arho Rai action.c fom
Ernest L. Anthony, Michigan State; bon. Tom Connelly, member of the Stu-i
Prof. Laurence Palmer of Cornell; Adler has had a long and varied dent Council; Tom Green, Managing
and Helen M. Martin and G. W. career. At the early age of 15 as I rI l 1110' . Us1 Editor of the Michigan State Spar-1
Bradt of the Michigan Department of secretary to the editor of the New Itan: Rose Taylor, representative of
Conservation. York Sun he was already writing Hillel and others have been asked tof
editorial copy for that newspaper. Passenger Abandlonnient attend from Michigan State.
t eHe has taught English at Columbia't
G rduate s University and been an instructor Hlit By CitiZens ' On the campus here, those whot
Gt dns there in John Erskine's famous course have been invited include representa-
P ln Party Today ofgreat books. He has also been LANSING, Oct. '7.-(A1)-The State tives of the Student Senate, the Chi-s
visiting lecturer at St. John's College Public Service Commission today nese Students Club, the Interfrater-
snity Council, The Michigan Daily,
Activities Night, biggest social event since 1937. completed a hearing on the Ann Ar- 1Hillel, the Student Defenders of Dem-
for graduate students, will begin at bor Railway's petition to abandon its ocracy and others.'
8 p.m. today in Rackham Lecture Hall Tropical Storm Cuts - last passenger service in Michigan, The agenda of the meeting will be:
with a short address of greeting by Path Of Destruction two daily trains between Toledo, 1 .) formation of a state executive
Pres. Alexander G. Ruthven. Ohio, and Frankfort, Mich. acmmitteewith ormueativn from
each college, (2) formulation of a
Dean Clarence Yoakum and Abe ATLANTA, Oct. 7.--(/P--A tropical The Commission granted Michael basic policy of action against fascismc
Rosenzweig, president of the Gradu- storm howled inland from the Gulf Carland, Owosso city attorney who and (3) preparation for three mass s
ate Student Council, will also give of Mexico early today, cut a destruc- directed the fight against the peti- meetings to be held simultaneouslyt
brief talks before the Rackham Build- tive path across a corner of Florida, tion, 10 days to file a brief and Gus- on all the campuses sometime inc
ing and its facilities are thrown open and moved on into Georgia leaving tave Ohlinger, Toledo, railroad coun- ; November. r
to graduate students, alumni and fac- at least nine deaths on the long trail sel, an additional five days in which
ulty. from its birthplace deep in the West to reply.Are
Entertainment attractions include Indies. Representatives of Frankfort, Me- And 15,000 Are Happy
movies of the Iowa-Michigan football Five men were reported to have sick, Marion, and Harrietta told the
game in the amphitheatre, a program drowned at a gulf coast fishing village .sCommission abandonment of the ser- Ford
of recorded classical music in the as Panacea, south of Tallahasee vice would eliminate all direct mail, , CIO Put H e-
men's lounge, dancing in the assembly when storm-whipped tides trapped express and passenger service to and
hall, bridge games and refreshments. them in a seine-yard. from the south and would injurea
local business interests.
All the. witnesses testified that at C}
Oratorical Series Begins: :!times during winter months high- By DAVID J. WILKIE
ways are closed because of snow (Associated Press Automotive Editor) l
aurice Evans To Com e H ere alid the inhabitants of that area de- DETROIT, Oct. 7. -Representa-
pended on rail service for communi- tives of the United Automobile Work-
cation and transportation. e
At P-enacle Of Mared Career-ers Union (CIO) and the Ford Mo-
tor Company got together again to-1
-Y_- 014,g 1S- ta, irl day and agreed, according to a Union(
Maurice Evans' appearance he Romeo and Juliet," "Saint Joan," statement, that, instead of 20,000 only
Friday will be a major event not only aabout 5,400 workers would have to be
for the British War Relief Fund, to and particularly the critical acclaimabt ,0wrkswudhaeobe
fortheBriishWarRelef und t awarded him for his Napoleon in!-'
which Evans will donate the proceeds, St.Helena" and his '"Rhard. I (By The Associated Press) laid off because of the Governmentf
but for the local audience. two seasons ago, Evans now returned Mass armed revolt in the heart ordered curtailment of passenger car;
Never before at the pinnacle of his to Times Square after a long and suc- of old Yugoslavia, led by a Serbian production.
career has the most outstanding arc- cessful tour of "Richard" in the guise girl, was acknowledged by Berlin George F. Addes, National Defense
tor of his day been available for of actor-manager, last night, along with announce- Labor Coordinator for the UAW-CIO,
lecture-recitals. In "Shakespeare in Not until Evans had gained valu- ments of new troubles and repres- said 3,000 of those to be laid off wouldI
the News" thp eudipenes ees and an)- I n-i-, n -- ..nwio 4-. a i,, ao-f oi vp -m4 n thp.i' chr',',-mriicvA 1.. -a - ,-. i c

lations lecture series.
The series will open a week from
tomorrow with Dr. Margaret Mead
of the American Museum of Natural
History-speaking on "The Social Ba-
sis for Marriage." The following
Thursday and Friday Dr. Raymond
Squier of the Cornell Medical School
in New York City will lecture on
"The Anatomy and Physiology of Re-
production" and "The Medical Basisl
for Intelligent Sexual Practice."
Dr. Valeria H. Parker of New York
City will speak on "Courtship and'
Pre-Marital Relations" Tuesday, Oct.
28, and the same subject will be
considered the following day by Prof.
Norman Himes of Colgate Univer-
sity. Prof. Ernest G. Osborne of Col-
umbia University will conclude the
fall series speaking Wednesday, Nov.
5, on "Marriage Adjustments."
All lectures will begin at 7:30 p.m.
on their respective dates and will be
held in the Lecture Hall of the Rack-
ham School.
The spring series will consider the
topics of family finance, child train-
ing, insurance and investments, hous-
ing and law of domestic relations.
Tickets for the marraige relations
lecture series, which includes both
groups of lectures, ,will be on sale
from 2 p.m. to 5 p.m. and from 7 p.m.
to 9 p.m. on Monday and Tuesday at
the League and the Union. The se-
ries is open to seniors and graduate
students only, and identification
cards must be presented at the time
of purchasing tickets. ' No tickets
may be purchased by proxy. The
charge for the series is $1.
Claim Your Money Now
The Michigan Union ticket resale
department asked yesterday that all
students who submitted Iowa game
tickets last week call for their money
or tickets at the UiNon student offices
any day this week.

Under-Secretary Declares
Defeat Of Hitlerisin Is
Objective fo Be Sought
Roosevelt Message
Is Read Delegates
(ly The Associated Press)
NEW' YORK, Oct. 7.-Sumner
Welles, Under-Secretary of State, de-
clared tonight the period following
the war will be fully as critical 'for
Lhe nation as is the present crisis.
In a speech, prepared for the 28th
National Foreign Trade Convention
and broadcast by CBS, he noted, how-
ever, that "for the people of this
country the supreme objective of
the present before which every other
consideration must give place is the
final and complete defeat of Hitler-
ism."
Welles shared speaking honors at
the meeting with Lord Halifax, Brit-
ish Ambassador to the United States,
and read to the delegates a message
from President Roosevelt which, like
the remarks of Welles and Halifax,
emphasized the problems of rebuild-
ing and reconstruction after the war.
Reads Roosevelt Message
"The very difficulties created by
war conditions for an orderly func-
tioning of the trade process furnish
striking evidence of the significar ce
of international commerce for the
economic life of nations," Roosevelt's
message said.
"The rise in the world of ruthless
forces of unabridged aggression and
the menace which this movement of
world conquest presents to the safety
President Roosevelt told report-
ers today new orders of the Gov-
ernment of Panama forbidding
arming of ships flying that nation's
flag made rapid revising of the
American neutrality act more than
ever urgent.
lHe made this statement at a
press conference. Earlier in ,the
day he was reported to have in-
formed Congressional leaders, most-
ly from the Senate, that the act
should be revised to let armed
American ships carry supplies in-
to British and other belligerent
ports.
One conferee said the prevalent
opinion of the gathering was that
Mr. Roosevelt'sgrecommendations
should be carried out, but there was
disagreement on procedural mat-
ters.
The action of Panama was im-
portant because, to escape the
Neutrality Act's restrictions, some
American-owned ships have been
transferred to Panamanian regis-
try, armed and sent with cargoes to
England. One of these, the Pink
Star, was torpedoed and sunk re-
cently.

.ads Together-
Off Only 5,400
Management through to the end of
November."
The Ford Company has been allo-
cated a production total from Au-
gust through November of 151,845
passenger units by the OPM. This
compares with 182,800 in the like
four months last year. As in the case
of other companies, however, a heavy!
slash has been ordered for De-
cember. The Ford Company has
had approximately 800,000 produc-
tion workers on its River Rouge plant
payrolls.
Harry Bennett, Ford personnel di-
rector, said yesterday the rate of
production at the Rouge factory had

of our country and of our hemisphere,
have rendered the performance of our
present vast task a paramount duty
for all of us-for those of us who are
primarily engaged in economic activ-
ity at home and for those of us who
labor in the field of foreign commerce.
"I am sure that in the deliberations
of your convention you will explore,
fully and earnestly, the ways in which
you, as foreign traders, may best con-
tribute to the success of our national
defense program."
"No Greater Misfortune"
Welles told the delegates he could
conceive. "of no greater misfortune
than that the people of the United
States and their government should
refrain from devoting themselves to
the study of reconstruction until the
end of the war; than that they should
permit themselves to adopt the pas-
sive policy of 'wait and see.'"
Referring to the postwar period, lie
said:
"There exists the danger, despite
the clear lessons of the past, that the
nations of the world will once more
be tempted to resort to the same mis-
guided policies which have had such
disastrous consequences, and in thye
economic field especially there is
danger that special interests and
pressure groups in this country and
elsewhere will once again selfishly
and blindly seek preferences for

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