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February 02, 1940 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1940-02-02

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Colder and Snow Tomorrow


Fifty Years Of Continuous Publication


For Labor ,.



Odds Against U. S.
Safety If England
Falls, Knox Warns
Navy Secretary Pleads For More Speed
In Aid To Britain, Sees Nazi Threat
WASHINGTON, Feb. 1.-(A)-Pleading for speed in aid to England,
Secretary Knox said today he was "positive" there would be an Axis attack
on the Western Hemisphere in the event Britain fell, and de'clared "the
odds would be against" United States success in repelling it.
"We'd have to strain every nerve," the Navy- Secretary told the Senate
Foreign Relations Committee in response to a question from Senator Nye
(R-ND) as to whether hemisphere defense would be "hopeless."
"Can we act in time to save Britain if this awful crisis predicted for
the near future comes to pass?" Nye asked at another point. (Knox and
others have predicted a crisis within 60 to 90 days.)
"Frankly. I don't know," Knox replied. "I'm tremendously worried."
In his lengthy testimony, Knox returned time and again, to the con-

tention that the administration's aidi
Britain bill was a self-defense mea-
The "primary objective," he said
earnestly, was helping England be-
cause "the British Navy and British
Isles" were the "first line of defense"
for the United States.
Calls Repayment Secondary
As for repayment for aid given the
British, Knox asserted this was a
matter of secondary consideration.
"It will be a saving and a good in-
vestment," he said of the cost which
witnesses have testified may run in-
to billions, "even if we never get a
dollar or a penny back."
Meanwhile, House supporters of
the legislation confidently talked of
a favorable vote there before next
week ends.
Chairman Bloom (Dem-NY) of the
House Foreign Affairs Committee
said after a conference today with
Lord Halifax that he had assured the
new British'Ambassador that the bill
would pass without major change.
Three days of House debate will
open Monday noon.
Poll Shown Safe Margin
Senate supporter said a poll of the
Foreign Relatibn Ctonittee showed
a safe margin of at least three votes
for the measure. The. division of sent-
iment on the bill in the committee
at the present time was said to be
13 favorable, eight opposed, and two
As Secretary Knox supported the
bill at today's hearings, several hun-
dred persons who declared they were
"peace marchers" gathered about the
Capitol and listened to a speech from
the House steps by Rep. Marcantonio
(Al-NY) who opposes the legislation.
Testimony Summarized
Chairman George (Dem-Ga) sum-
marized testimony of the Navy Sec-
retary.vith two brief questions.
"Present aid to England cannot be
continued without this bill?" the Sen-
ator asked.
"Correct," Knox replied.
"Do you visualize the bill as a
defense measure for this country?"
"I do."
When the question came up as to
the United States' ability to defend
the Western Hemisphere in event
England fell, Knox said the Axis
would have "seven times the ship-
building capacity, both naval and
commercial," now available to this
An Axis victory over Britain, he
said, would mean that the United
States Navy would have to patrol
all waters of this hemisphere to
prevent establishment of enemy
Draft Official
Hits, Disputes
Hershey Cites Quibblings
In Labor Differences
(By The Associated Press)
A selective service official called
last night (Saturday) for an end to
defense production delays arising
from management's quibbling over
profits or labor's controversies over
wages, working conditions or union
Brig. Gen. Lewis B. Hershey, depu-
ty director of selective service, made
this plea in an address at New Haven,
Conn., at the close of a day which
saw development of two new strikes
and settlement of another.
The new disputes were a strike of
1,500 AFL truck drivers in Dayton,
Ohio, who asked a ten-cent-an-hour

Varsity Takes
Milirose Meet
Two-M-le Run'
Don Canhain Wins Second1
Place Award In Close
High Jumping Contest
(Special To -The Daily)
NEW YORK, N.Y., Feb. 1.-(P)-
Michigan's crack relay team captur-
ed the Millrose Games two-mile
event before 15,000 fans in Madison
Square Garden tonight, winning by
an ample margin over Fordham's
second place quartet.
Timed in 7:55, 11 seconds off the
meet record set by Georgetown in
1925, the Wolverine foursome took
an early lead when sophomore Dave
Matthews stepped ahead of the pack
on the first leg. Johnny Kautz and
long-striding Bill Ackernian main-
tained the edge, handing anchorman
Jack Leutritz a commanding lead.
Leutritz appeared to be tiring in
the last half lap of his stint, but
by then he was so far in front that
he didn't have to worry about the
runner-up battle being waged be-
hind him by Fordhaa's Francis
Leary and North Carolina's Dave
Morrison. Leary won that fight, fin-
ishing five yards behind Leutritz,
to give the Rams second place.
In the high jump event Michi-
gan's Capt. Don Canham came
through with a 6 foot 5 inch leap, but
it was only good for a half-share for
second place. Mel Walker, former
Ohio State ace, copped first place
with a 6 foot 6 inch effort, while
Art Byrns of Manhattan, the Metro-
politan champion, duplicated Can-
(Continued on Page 3)
Exam Papers
Are Requested
Old Finals Needed To Fill
CongressLibrary Files
In an effort to keep the library's
exam files well-stocked with old final
examination papers which students
may study, Congress, Independent
Men's Association, made a general
appeal to all instructors and students
The appeal stated that many stu-
dents affiliated with fraternities and
large houses have access to files of
back examination papers, which
prove valuable in studying for finals.
Independents, however, often cannot
have the same advantages because of
the comparatively inadequate files in
the general library.
Congress requests that all faculty
members deposit copies of exams for
their respective courses in the Uni-
versity mail, addressed to Congress
examination files, General Library.
Copies will be made of the paper and
distributed 'to the various libraries
where they will be filed. Examination
papers will be returned within a few
days if specified.
Dr. Hopkins, Dean Dana
Will Attend Conference
Dr. Louis A. Hopkins, director of

Kills McAdoo
In Washington
Wilson Cabinet Member,
Former Senator, Dies
At Age Of 77
WASHINGTON Feb. 1-(P)-Wil-
liam Gibbs McAdoo, World War cab-
inet officer, former Senator, and dis-
tinguished in law, finance, and ship-
ping, died today after a heart at-
At 77, still the tall, straight, active
figure that he was at 50 when he
entered public life as President Wil-
son's Secretary of thetTreasury, Mc-
Adoo had to come to Washington
from his California home to, attend
President Roosevelt's third inaugur-
He had had two warnings of a wea
heart, one a minor attack suffered
in Honolulu about a month ago, but
he appeared to be in perfect health
last night. He became ill about 2 a.m.
and died at 10:15 a.m. (Eastern Stan-
dard Time) in a hospital to which he
was removed from his hotel.
Mrs. Doris Cross McAdoo, his third
wife; a daughter, Mrs. Brice Clagett,
by his first wife, and a doctor and a
nurse were with him.
Funeral services will be held Mon-
day morning at Epiphany Episcopal
Church here, with the chaplain of
the Senate, Rev. Zebarney T. Phillips,
conducting the services. Burial will
be at Arlington Cemetery. A provision
was made some time after the World
War for the burial in that military
cemetery of members of the war cab-
ihet of Woodrow Wilson.
Francis H. McAdoo, New York
(Continued on Page 6)
Churches Plan
Full Programs
Despite Exams
Will Continue To Conduct
Student Group Meetings
And Evening Activities
Most campus church groups plan
to continue their usual activities to-
day in spite of approaching finals.
At the First Presbyterian Chur6h
Dr. W. P. Lemon will speak on "The
Noise and the Voice" at the 10:45
morning service. For the Westmin-
ister Guild at 7 p.m, Professor John
E. Tracy of the Law School will speak
on "The Prospects of Youth Today."
A cost supper will preceed the meet-
ing at 6 o'clock. The Sunday Eve-
ning Club will meet in the Lewis-
Vance Parlors at 8 p.m.
St. Andrew's Episcopal Church will
hold Holy Communion at 8 a.m. and
11 a.m. followed at 11 a.m. by a ser-
mon by The Reverend Henry Lewis.
The -regular college work program
will be given tonight at 7 p.m. with
Open House afterwards.
Dr. Brashares' subject at the First
Methodist Church at 10:40 a m. will
be "If We Were Good." Professor
Ralph Hammett will give a second
illustrated talk on Church Architec-
turp for the Wesleyan Guild meeting
at 6 p.m. followed by a fellowship
hour and supper,
A study of how the modern gener-
ation learns the Bible as "The Bible
in Modern Literature" will be given
by Rev. H. P. Marley at 11 a.m. at the
(Continued on Page 6)

Bengasi Is Object Of Next
Grand Assault, Royal
Air Force Announces
'Tons Of Bombs'
Loosed On Tripoli
(By The Associated Press)
CAIRO, Egypt, Feb. 1-A violent
step-up in the tempo of British air
attacks in Libya was announced to-
day in the prelude to another grand
assault-aimed this time at Bengasi.
The area to Bengasi from fallen
Derna and far beyond-700 miles
within Libya to Tripoli-was the
theatre of this new aerial offensive,
intended to clear the way for British
mechanized troops striking westward
in their cars of steel and to disorgan-
ize the Italians far behind their lines.
The Royal Air Force announced
that "several" tons of bombs had
been loosed upon Tripoli, the capital
of western Libya and a vital com-
munications center, and that "hun-
dreds" of bombs had fallen upon
Bengasi's air center, the long-pun-
ished airdrome at Barce.
All through the British march, this
kind of assault from the skies has
preceded the general attacks by
ground troops-at Bardia, at Tobruk,
at Derna.
Barce lies 120 miles west of Derna,
Tripoli is not only a major city in
all Libya-having a population of
about 100,000-but stands near to
Tunisia, headquarters of the restless
and idle French Imperial Army of
about half a million men commanded
by GeneralMaxime Weygand
In Tripoli, the British declared,
bombs hit three Italian ships in the
harbor, two of 8,000 tons and the
third a 4,000-tonne At. ast- ne
seaplane was declared destroyed and
others damaged. The docks were hit
and hangars were left boiling in black
smoke, the RAF said,
Not a single British loss was ac-
Record Exam
Is Compulsory
Tests To Include Seniors
In L. S. & A,, Education
Students planning to enter the
Graduate School, as well as grad-
uating Seniors in the literary college
and education school will be required
to take a twopart record examina-
tion, as announced yesterday by As-
gistant Dean Lloyd S. Woodburne.
The Examination will be divided
into two parts, the first to be of .a
general nature covering all the work
done by the student during his college
career, the second to be a specialized
examination in a field chosen by the
Although the test grade will have
no bearing on the student's grad-
uation, all students, unless exempted
by the Dean's office, are required to
take the examination. Forms for the
general examination will be given
to Seniors during registration in Feb-

LONDON, Feb. 1.-(IP)-German
raiders slipped through the fog over-
hanging the Dover Strait on a series
of "reconnaissance" raids today while
German long-range guns again
poundedsthe Dover coast from the
French shore.
Although Nazi planes were report-
ed high over areas as far north as
Liverpool and the west midlands,
bombs were dropped only on one
east Anglian town, where ten persons
were injured.
Nazi shell fire from heavy guns
mounted on railroad cars lasted about
three hours in the early morning,
but drew no answer from British
cannon. One British officer described
the bombardment as "just bait for
us to open and give, our positions
British air sources re-emphasized
Britain's need for "fast American
bombers if we are to continue long-
range night bombing this spring and
Radio Stations
Assigned New
Federal Coinnunications
Commission To Revise
795 Listed Frequencies
WASHINGTON, Feb. 1-{P)--The
Federal Communications Commission
announced today new frequency as-
signments for 795 of this country's
883 standard broadcast stations. They
will become effective at 3 a.m. March
Necessitated by the North Ameri-
can Regional Broadcast Agreement,
the principal noticeable difference to
the average listener will be that sta-
tions above 730 kilocycles will occupy
a slightly different place on his re-
ceiver dial, usually higher.
The correlated shifting -of the fre-
quencies of some 100 broadcast sta-
tions in Canada, and of numerous
stations in Mexico and Cuba, the
commission said, will serve to 'elim-
inate in considerable measure the
long complained interference from
these sources, and therby improve
reception in the North American
Continent generally.
Frequencies of stations below 740
kilocycles in this country remain un-
The new frequency assignments
for stations operating on 740 kilocy-
cles and above include:
760 K.C. - WJR, Detroit.
870 K.C. - WKAR, Chicago.
950 K.C. - WWJ, Detroit.
1130 K.C. - WCAR, Pontiac.
1270 K.C. - WXYZ, Detroit.
1400 K.C. - WMBC, Detroit.
1490 K.C. - WJB, Detroit.

I The need for fast bombers was
raised against reliable sources pre-
dicted aerial warfare this spring of
greater fury than anything the world
-has known before.l
Once the weather-enforced lulll
ends ,it was said, Germany will go
''all out" with her air power be-a
cause she "must bring England to
her knees in 1941 is she is going toI
Old War Film
Offered Today
By Art Cinema
'The Big Parade'Starring
John Gilbert Is Included
In Famous Film Series
"The Big Parade," third in the Artj
Cinema League's series of "famous
films of the past," will be shown at1
8:15 today in the Lydia Mendelssohn
Starring the late John Gilbert, the1
film features also the noted comed-
ian, Slim Summerville, and a cast1
widely-known in the early 1930's.1
The picture, a relatively recent pro-
duction, is completely wired with
sound equipment, and will be supple-
mented with selected short subjects.
No tickets to this performance will
be sold, Albert Stuts, Grad., manager
of the cinema league, has announced,
since the series has been a completeI
sell-out. Only holders of season passes
will be admitted.
"The Big Parade," which was voted
one of the best pictures of the year
in which it was released, tells the
story of the first world war, through
a portrayal of the lives of a group
of ordinary soldiers, their aims, their
emotions in the front line trenches,
and the catastrophes , that befall
One of the most noteworthy fea-
tures of the picture at the time of
its release was the realism with which
war was pictured. Since then, of
course, realism, via super-sets, is us-
ually strived for in Hollywood, but
"The Big Parade's" battle scenes were
so thoroughly done that not since
its release has any other war picture
stressed actual death scenes.
The next and last Art Cinema
League picture in this series will be
"Little Caesar."
Rhead To Give
Recital Today
Piano Professor Presents
Concert At 4:15 P.M.
Prof. Mabel Ross Rhead of the
School of Music piano department,
will offer a Faculty Concert at 4:15
p.m. today in the Lydia Mendelsshn
Theatre, playing selections by Men-
delssohn, Handel, Beethoven and
Her program will open with Men-
delssohn's "Prelude and Fugue, Op.
35" and will continue with "Chaconne
in G major" by Handel and Beet-
hoven's "Sonata, Op. 2, No, 3." The
Chopin compositions which will be
heard include "Nocturne, Op. 27, No.
2," "Etude, Op. 25, No. 11," "Ma-
zurka, Op. 50, No. 3" and "Fantasie,
F minor, Op. 49."
A former soloist with both the De-
troit Symphony and the St. Louis
Symphony Orchestras, Professor
Rhead has served as accompanist
for numerous artists at May Festival
Concerts during the past few years.
The next in the year's series of
Faculty Concerts will be presented
by Prof. Wassily Besekirsky, violin-

ist, and Prof. Joseph Brinkman, pian-
ist, at 8:30 pn.m. Tuesday, February

Germans Pound Dover Coast,
Launch Reconnaissance Raids

Gen. Weygand Asks African Army
To Support 'National Revolution';
British Increase Libyan Attacks

Asks Colonials To Ignore
Request Of De Gaulle
To Aid British In Attack
Lauds 'Progress'
Made By Petain
ALGIERS, French North Africa,
Feb. 1.-(AP via radio)-General
Maxime Weygand, the Colonial Mili-
tary Commander of the Vichy Gov-
ernment, urged his French African
army of 500,000 men today to pay no
heed to appeals that they enter the
war against the Italians.
Instead, he charged his men to
support the "national revolution" of
Marshal Philippe Petain; to stay out
of a fight which, he said, was "ended"
with the armistice with Germany
and Italy.
Weygand replied by radio to a
broadcast from London Friday night
in which the "Free French" leader,
General Charles De Gaulle, had asked
the French in Africa to attack the
Italians from the west and thus "help
complete the conquest of Libya."
"On order of Marshal Detain," Gen-
eral Weygand said, "I have assumed
the command of all French forces
in Africa with the purpose of coor-
dinating our colonial efforts in the
task of rebuilding our national af-
"Marshal Petain has undertaken
the gigantic task of the national
revolution. Already the short time
that has elapsed since Petain took
the helm shows great progress.
"We have begun to reorganize our
national life, to find work for our
demilitarized soldiers.
"I appeal to you not to leave the
path of order and discipline, which
would only mean the destruction of
France and peril for all who took
part in this undertaking."
(Weygand spoke over 'a Vichy-
controlled station and the broadcast
was picked up in the United States
by CBS.
(Only today the British air force
reported heavy aerial attacks in Lib-
ya as part of the preparation for the
expected general assault on Bengasi.
A decision by any considerable num-
ber of French to attack from Tunisia
would imminently imperil the Italian
in the whole of Libya and put their
whole colonial empire in jeopardy.)
'Kiss less June
Week' Is Fare
For Annapolis
ANNAPOLIS, Md. Feb. 1-(AP)-
Chill February winds off the Severn
River are blowing a little cloud of
gloomover the U. S. Naval Academy
midshipmen-they face a "kissless
June week."
"June week"-graduation in Feb-
ruary instead of June to provide of-
ficers quickly for the growing Navy
-started today. But it's a week
Without a color girl, without a
dress parade, without a garden party,
without a ring dance, without epaul-
ets pinned on white uniforms with
kisses, without a plebes' rush to "lov-
er's lane,"
Partly, it's winter weather cancel-
ling the traditional ceremonies, part-
ly because all but the graduating
class will be studying, instead of on
holiday for a week.
Friday, graduation day, will be the
only holiday, with Secretary of the
Navy Frank Knox presenting dipomas
to nearly 400 midshipmen in indoor
Booth Reservations

For J-Hop Are Due
Today anid tomorrow are the last
days to make reservations for places
in the Independent Booth at the J-
Hop, William H. Rockwell, '41, presi-
dent of Congress, Indppendent Men's
Association, announced yesterday.
The Independent Booth will be the
largest and roomiest in the history

Nazis Claim More British Shipping
As Spokesmen Hit Knox Statement

BERLIN, Feb. 2.-(A-AuthorizedI
sources said early today that six
ships totalling 36,000 tons had been
"successfully attacked" in the Medi-
terranean by German bombers on
Jan. 31.N
Another announcement ┬žaid.a Ger-
man bomber had blown up a ship
"in a Mediterranean harbor."
(British reports said two invading
planes were shot down Saturday in
a raid on the British mid-Mediter-
ranean island base of Malta. Whether
the planes were German or Italian,
was not established. They said
bombs were dropped in a raid Friday
night but that none fell in the Sat-
urday attack.)

other planes with machinegun fire.
German authorities added more
thousands of tons of British Atlantic
shipping today to the toll claimed
for the new Nazi long-distance bomb-
Why Is A Lady's Hat?
Highest Court Is Told
WASHINGTON, Feb. 1. -(A-
Speaking of women's hats--and what
man is not?-the Supreme Court
told today that "virtually their sole
function is to make the wearer happy
in the thought that she has a beau-
tiful thing which is in fashion."
This view was exprdssed in a brief

ers, while authorized sources refer-
red foreign correspondents to Adolf
Hitler's own words on the use of
poison gas in replying to questions
concerning the chances of its use in
any attempt to invade Britain.
The matter of gas came up at to-
day's foreign press conference be-
cause of the statement of U. S. Sec-
retary of the Navy Frank Knox be-
fore the Senate Foreign Relations
Committee that he had received in-
formation that Germans "are con-
templating" use of this weapon in
the expected invasion attempt.
Authorized German sources, reply-
ing to questions, called attention to
Hitler's pronouncement before the
Reichstag on Sept. 1, 1939, the day


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