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January 21, 1940 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1940-01-21

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Weather
Generally Fair;
Cloudy Tomorrow.

\'L

Fifty Years Of Continuous Publication

iait

Editorial
I he Faith
Of Prof. Schnuman,..

VOL. Ll. No. 83 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, JANUARY 21, 1941 Z-23

PRICE FIVE CENTS

i s

Mediterranean
May Be Scene
Of Nazi-Fascist
Concentrati on
Japanese Foreign Minister
Says Axis Will Finish
Task Of Making New
World Order 'In Time'
Civilization's Crisis
Near, He Declares
(By The Associated Press)
Usually reliable sources indicated
tonight that the outcome of Premier
Benito Mussolini's meeting with
Adolph Hitler would be concentration
on beating the British in the Mediter-
ranean war arena.
Some foreign observers considered
a coordinated German-Italian com-
mand possible as a result of the "ex-
tensive conversation concerning the
situation" announced in a communi-
que identical to one issued in Berlin.
Malta Objective
Virginio Gayda, editorial spokes-
man of Fascism, mentioned a coali-
tion of forces to stem British suc-
cesses, and Malta appeared to be the
number one objective. Stefani, Italan
news agency, said 100 German dive
bombers wrought "immense devasta-
tion," sank a merchantman and dam-
aged, the British aircraft carrier fl-
lustrious a third time in ten days
at that Mediterranean island yester-
day.
"Against a coalition of enemy
forces, the Axis is opposing a coalition
of its forces," Gayda wrote in 11. Gi-
ornale D'Italia.
But the attempt to bomb Malta
and its key port of Valetta into use-
lessness as a British naval base, and
the reinforced Axis efforts in Libya
and against Greece do not, Gayda in-
sisted, mean abandonment of a plan
to attack Britain herself.
3 'Give Japan Time'
Meanwhileein Tokyo Foreign Min-
ister Yosuke Matsuoka told the Jap-
anese Diet today that Japan, Ger-
many and Italy certainly will accom-
plish their goal of a new world order
"if only given time,", and expressed
hope that the United States "will
bend her utmost efforts to allay the
impending crisis of civiization."
Should both the United States and
Japan become involved in a new
world war because of the Triple Mili-
tary Alliance, he said, "no one could
guarantee that it could not develop
into a war spelling the downfall of
modern civilzation."
"The United States," the foreign
minister said, "apparently entertains
the idea that her own first line of
national defense lies along the mid-
Atlantic to the east, and not only
westward along the eastern Pacific
but even as far as China and the
South Seas.
Smith To Tallk
On Iranian Art
Noted Islamic Authority
Will SpeakTomorrow
Myron Bement Smith, Consultant
in Islamic Archaeology and Art in
the Library of Congress, is expected
to disclose some of his findings on
the question of origins of Gothic
architecture in the mosques of Iran

in an illustrated talk tomorrow in the
College of Architecture and Design.
For those interested in a more gen-
eral consideration of Iranian art and
architecture Mr. Smith will deliver
a University Lecture at 4:15 today
in the Amphitheatre of the Rackham
Building.
The Iranian origin controversy was
opened late in the last century by a
French engineer, Marcel Diulafoy.
Until recently, however, the mosques
and shrines of Iran (Persia) were
closed to Western scholars preventing
a proper study of the question. Lead-
ing an expedition studying these
(Continued on Page 5)
Ruthven To Greet
YMCA_- Delegates
President Alexander G. Ruthven
will greet more than 300 delegates to
the annual State Convention and
Laymen's Conference of the YMCA
at its opening luncheon Thursday
in the TTninn.

Wild Life Expert

WENDELL CHAPMAN
Photographer
Speaks Today
on Wild Life'
.Wendell Chapman Brings
Color Slides And Movies
To Accompany Talk
Wendell Chapman, well-known
wild-life photographer, will show his
films on "Wild Animals in The Rock-
ies"' at 8:15 p.m. today in Hill Audi-
toruim in an illustrated Oratorical
Association Series lecture.
A member of the Explorers Club,
Chapman has a unique distinction
among wild animal photographers.
The box-office at Hill Audi-
torium will be open all day until
Mr. Chapman's lecture at 8:15
p.m.
He never carries a gun. He and Mrs.
Chapman have been able to gain the
confidence of some of the most timid
and rare animals. His pictures show
remarkable activities of mountain
goats, bears and other big game.
Since his intimate association with
native animals in the wilds, he has
entirely given up hunting, although
he does not object to hunters taming
the surplus numbers of any species
which is not in danger of being exter-
minated. It is more difficult Chap'
man said, to obtain a good picture,
than it is to kill a prize trophy.
Axis To Decide
U.S. War Entry,
Schuman Says
By HOMER SWANDER
America's entry into World War
II is not a question that will be de-
cided by anyone in this country not
even by the President or Congress-
it will be decided by the Axis powers.
Such is the opinion expressed by Prof.
Frederick L. Schuman of Wililams
College, in a Hillel Foundation lec-
ture Sunday at the Rackham Build-
ing.
"When it best suits the interests of
the Axis powers they will commence
their attack upon us and we will be
forced to fight," Professor Schuman
asserted.
Only if Russia opposes the dictator
powers' march into the Balkans will
the Axis fail to declare war against
us, he continued.
Professor Schuman prophesied that
out of the present international strife
a new united world would come, with
a new social order, minus the social
injustices and class conflicts of the
present order.
If ourway of life is to predominate
in the new order, we must put an
end, by governmental action, to the
strife between rich and poor, he con-
cluded.
French Group
Hears Allard
In the works of the great classic
French playwrights the changing
patterns of society of the eighteenh,,,
century have been criticized and em-
bodied in immortal characterizations,
Prof. Louis Allard, in the first French
lecture of the annual series spon-
sored by Le Cercle Francais, pointed
out yesterday.

Corneille's work was inspired great-
ly by the actualities of the circles
which he frequented, the scholar of
French cited in his discussion of
tragedv. comedy and drama. The wo-

Cagers Score
First Big Ten
Win,4124
Minnesota Defeat Breaks
Five-Game Slump; Team
Leaves Conference Cellar
Ruehle Tallies Ten
To 'Lead Scoring
By NORM MILLER
Coach Bennie Oosterbaan's down-
trodden Wolverines have finally won
a Big Ten basketball1game.
Led by their three senior veterans,
Captain Herb Brogan, blond George
Ruehle and diminutive Mike Sofiak,
the Varsity cagers unleashed a strong
second half attack to trounce a hap-
less Minnesota quintet last night in
Yost Field House by a score of 41-24.
First Conference Win
The victory was the first Confer-
ence triumph of the season for Mich-
igan after four vain attempts, and
lifted the Wolverines out of the Big
Ten cellar for the first time this year.
It was the Varsity's "Little Three"
who supplied the punch that snapped
the Varsity's prolonged losing streak.
Ruehle turned in one of his best
games of the season with some su-
perb work getting the ball off the
Michigan backboard besides finding
time to toss in 10 points.
Brogan Holds Carlson
Brogan, pitted aaginst the Gophers'
high-scoring Don Carlson, complete-
ly blanketed the Minnesota ace. Carl-
son, who had previously been run-i
ning wild against Conference oppo-
sition, hardly had a look at the bas-
ket last night as the Varsity captaii-
held him to three foul shots, none
of which were recorded against Bro-
gan.
And it was tiny Sofiak who supplied
the spark to the Michigan offensive
with his~clever ballhandling and pass-
ing that set up several baskets for
his mates. Mike also flipped in three
baskets and as many fouls.
Yet in spite of the fact that the
Wolverines emerged on the long end
of the Score for the first time since
their encounter with Pitsburgh dur-
ing the Christmas vacation, there
have been several occasions when
Michigan turned in far better per-
formances in defeat.
Minnesota Weak
It was rather thepatheticnature
of theiropposition that enabled the
Wolverines to register such a lop-
sided win than any brilliance of their
own. The Minnesota quintet that vis-
ited Ann Arbor last night was one of
the saddest teams the Varsity has
faced in a long time.
The Golden Gophers made only
eight buckets all evening in 54 shots
at the basket and from the opening
of the second half until the final two
minutes of play, Coach Dave Mac-
Millan's cagers were held Without a
single field goal.
In addition to that, they were
throwing away the ball all night
long, left Michigan men wide open
under the basket, and when they
found themselves far behind in the
last stages of the game, the Gophers
elected to pass the ball among them-
selves aimlessly instead of even mak-
ing an attempt to score.
The game also had its rough spots.
(Continued on Page 3)

Med. School
Committees
Are Named
Finton To Head Executive
Board; Weeks, Ziegler,
Lawrence Are Appointed
Andros Will Head
Council On Honors
Percy J. Murphy, '41M, President
of the Senior Class of the Medical
School, yesterday announced his ap-
pointments to the various senior com-
mittees.
Murphy was named president last
October as the result of a general
election in the medical school. At
the same time Robert E. Medlar was
named Vice President, Chris J. D.
Zarafonetis was named Secretary, and
William F. Weeks was named Treas-
urer.
Chairman of the Executive Com-
mittee is Max A. Finton; other mem-
bers are John H. Sanders, Paul M.
Cunningham, Eleanor Smith, Primi-
tiva D. Demandante, Gordon R. Har-
rod, William W. Jack, Jack N. Grek-
in and F. Bruce Kimball.
The Commencement Announce-
ment Committee is headed by Robert
F. Ziegler assisted by Myrtle V. Col-
lins, Donald D. Findlayson, Robert
E. Michmerhuizen and Wayne Stew-
art.
Howard C. Lawrence (Chairman),
Mason S. Maynard, Donald B. Eff-
ler and Daniel C. Siegel comprise the
Ensian Committee.
Members of the ,Cap and Gown'
Committee are Robert Christensen,
Chairman, Margaret E. Bentley, Jack
Lapides and Robert Brown.
The Class Picture Committee in-
cludes Philip S. Peven as Chairman,
Richard Pomeroy, Herbert Pedersen.
and Harford W. Friedman.
John R. McNicholas, Walter M.
Whitehouse and Chairman George
J. Andros form 'te Honor Council.
The Finance Committee comprises
Chairman William F. Weeks, Helen
M. Thompson, Walter I. Lillie, My-
ron Fink and H. Clay Tellman.
Arthur G. Seski, Chairman os tne
Studen Affairs Committee, is assisted
by Ruth M. Moyer and Robert H.
Davies.
William H. Beierwaltes is chair-
man of the Senior Ball Committee
with Alan R. Brown as Assistant.
The Cane Committee ends the list
with the names of Fred G. Swartz,
Chairman, and J. Bradley Moring.
Gamma Phi Beta House
Loses $89 To Thieves

President Roosevelt Says
'Democracy Cannot Die
AtInaugural Ceremonies

Mrs. FDR Meets New Second Lady

Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt, serving her third term as First Lady of
the Land, and Mrs. Henry A. Wallace, new Second Lady, are shown here
in their first meeting as wives of the President and Vice-President
respectively.
Chicago Pastor Opens Parley;
Urges New World Moral .basis

- ----- - --- -- ----

Eighty-nine dollars in cash togeth-
er with worthless unendorsed checks
with a face value of $300 were stolen
from the Gamma Phi Beta sorority
house last night by a thief or thieves,
who completely neglected $1,000
worth of jewelry.
The sum of eighty dollars was tak-
en from a cash box and nine dollars
removed from a jewelry box, both in
the room of Mrs. Margaret Went-
worth, housemother, sometime be-
tween 6:15 and 7 p.m., while the
housemembers were eating dinner.
The police, according to 'Virginia
Lee Hardy, '4lEd, president of the
sorority, were convinced that the rob-
bery was "obviously an inside job."

Second Annual Conference'
Continues Here Today;
Forums Are Planned
Declaring that the world today is
suffering from a moral "disease,"
Dr. Oswald W. S. McCall, pastor of
the First Congregational Church in
Chicago told the second annual Mich-j
igan Pastors Conference here yes-
terday that man's greatest task today
is to lease a new moral basis for the
world.
A Bad Century
"There are good centuries and there'
are bad centuries," Dr. McCall said.
"I believe that we are living in one,
of the 'bad' centuries at the present
time. It is unfortunate that we in-
sist on asking ourselves 'Is it pros-
perous,' rather than 'Is it right?'"
"The world is suffering from a di-
sease, a disease which manifests it-
self in convulsions such as war. But
between convulsions, we are making
progress. If only we can catch and
keep sight of the goal set by Him,
then He shall not have lived in vain,"
Dr. McCall said.
In an afternoon address Dr. McCall

stated that it was necessary to lay aP
new moral basis for mankind throught
sacrifice, and pointed out that the1
church is the only hope for bringing
about a new and efficient world ord-
er.
The Conference, held annually un-
der the joint auspices of the Michi-1
'gan Council of -Churches and Chris-
tian Education and the UniversityE
Extension Service, will include ad-f
ditional forums and lectures today
and Wednesday.
"It is the duty of the church to
build a tolerant public opinion now
so that eventual world peace will be,
just to all nations involved," Dr.+
1 Walter W. Van Kirk, of the Federal
Council of Churches, told a Con-
ference dinner audience yesterday.
Cooperate Failing
Dr. Van Kirk observed that Hitler
should not be blamed for all the
world chaos because it is a general
cooperate failing of the world. Ger-
many was merely the means of ex-
posing the general inadequacy of
modern peoples to cope with changing
times.
Contrasting Nazi technique to dem-
ocratic, Dr. Van Kirk noted in a for-
um discussion that Germany is suc-
cessful because Hitler had built up
a spiritual devotion to himself in the
German youth while in the United
States the Church has failed to de-
velop a similar spiritual inspiration.
Student Forum
To Hold Debate
Filling in the need for organized
student discussion until Spring Par-
ley time comes around will be the
Michigan Forum, whose first meeting
of the year at 7:30 p.m. Thursday
in the Union features a student de-
bate on the topic, "Resolved: That
President Rosevelt Be Given the Ex-
traordinary Powers He Has Asked of
Congress."
Frank L. Ryder, Grad., will argue
for the adoption of the measure and
Harold D. Osterweil, '41, will provide
the opposition. After initial argu-
ments and rebuttals have been made,
chairman Herman Epstein, '41, will

Points Out Task Of Times
Is Riddingy Institutions
Of External Disruption
Third Inauguration
WitnessedBy 75,000
By RICHARD L. TURNER
WASHINGTON, Jan. 20. -()-
His hand resting upon an old Dutch
family Bible, his eyes squinting into
the bright noon-day sun, Franklin
D. Roosevelt slowly and thoughtfully
repeated the Presidential oath of
office for the third time today and
asserted the task of the times was
to save "the nation and its institu-
tions from disruption from without."
"Democracy is not dying," he said
with impressive solemnity, his head
bobbing emphatically to the rhythm.
f his clipped and spaced words. "We
know it cannot die.
Most Humane Society
"We know it because if we look be-
low the surface we sense it still
spreading on every continent, for it
is the most humane, the most ad-
vanced, and in the end the most un-
conquerable of all forms of human
society."
He dedicated his third administra-
tion to the protection and perpetua-
ion of "the integrity of democracy"
n "the face of great perils never be-
fore encountered."1
A spreading throng of some 75,000
chilled and heavily-bundled specta-
tors were jammed before him into the
Capitol plaza. Some were even
perched in the branches; of the trees.
Others had found dichstatoanag
points on the roofs of the Senate and
House office buildings.
Lesson In Democracy
Without pausing, the President
swung into his speech. It was brief.
Mr. Roosevelt felt, White House At-
taches said, that he had fully covered
the subject of the nation's foreign
perils in his recent speeches. So to-
day's address was largely what some
called a lesson in democracy.
"There are men," he said, "who be-
lieve that Democracy as a form of
government and a frame of life, is
limited or measured by a kind of mys-
tical and artificial fate--that for
some unexplained reason, tyranny
and slavery have become the surging
wave of the future-and that free-
dom, is an ebbing tide.
"But we Americans know that this
is not true."
He went on into his statement that
democracy is not dying and cannot
die, and then compared a nation to
a person.
Two Convicted
In Flag Case
Young Sailors Admit Part
In IncidentSaturday
SAN FRANCISCO, Jan. 20.-(JP)-
Two young navy men on leave from
a pschycopathic ward were convicted
today of ripping a Nazi flag from its
staff at the German Consulate.
The incident occurred Saturday as
some 2,000 persons alternately gasped
and cheered at the reckless adven-,
ture nine floors above the street.
The two,Harold J. Sturevant, 19,
of Haverhill, Mass., and Ervin G.
Lackey, 20, of Charlotte, N.C., will be
sentenced Thursday by Municipal
Judge Peer J. Mullins who convicted
them of a malicious mischief charge.
They had waived trial by jury and
pleaded innocent.
In court, however, ech admitted
his part in the escapade, an incident
over which the United States Gov-

ernment has given Germiny a written
expression of regret, apd which Ber-
lin has called "scandalous."
Dr. James Franck
To Talk Tomorrow
Dr. James Franck, Professor of
Physical Chemistry at the University
of Chicago and a Nobel Prize winner

Science Aids Marriage, Hart Says;

Hanford Cites Milton

5

n

By ROBERT MANTHO
Just as human life has been im-
proved over a period of three cen-
turies by the employment of scienti-
fic methods, so marriage can be im-
proved in its average success and
happiness by the application of sci-
entific measure, Dr. Hornell Hart,'
noted sociologist and professor of
sociology at Duke University, assert-
ed in a University lecture yesterday.
Despite the facththat marriage is
the field in which the most work
has been done by sociologists, he
stated, only recently have scientific
methods begun t6 be applied with
a view toward reducing the number
of divorces.
By means of the microscope the life
span of individuals has been length-
ened from an average of twenty-one
vears in 1600 to sixty-five years to-

sake and not as a means toward
some end," Dr. Hart classified indi-'
viduals as falling into three classes
on the basis of their normal happi-
ness.
Those who never feel depressed
maintain a score that always flue-
tuates above positive 200. The second
type includes those rare individuals
whose measurement score never rises
above negative 100-the pessimists
extreme.
According to Dr. Hart, the third
or "roller coaster" type of happiness
is the normal one. This last-named
type gets its name from the up and
down fluctuations of individuals
whose happiness varies with their
mood of the moment.
Tests have shown, he continued,
that a professor should employ praise,
rather than ridicule or "bawling out"

Propaganda
By EMILE GELE
Milton as a Puritan propagandist
spoke the language of modern repub-
licanism, Prof. James Holly Hanford,
one of the world's leading Milton
scholars and professor of English at
Western Reserve University, asserted
in a University lecture here yester-
day.
"Milton was a propagandist in the
sense of supporting a cause as well
as in the popular sense of subordinat-
ing intellect to emotion in his argu-
ments," Professor Hanford said. "His
essential cause was to champion or-
der against chaos and liberty against
tyranny."
Observing that Milton used all the
devices of modern propaganda in his
poetry and prose, Professor Hanford
cited instances in which Milton ex-

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