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January 11, 1940 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1940-01-11

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ShA Tm DAmr

. . ............................ . ..


Letters To The Editor

Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or not otherwise credited in this newpaper. All
rights of republication of all other matters herein also
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by
carrier $4.00; by mail, $4.50.
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publishers Representative
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1940-41
Editorial Staff

Hervie Haul ler
Alvin Sarasohn
Paul M. Chandler
Karl Kessler
Milton Orshensky
Howard A. Goldman
Laurence Mascott
Donald Wirtchafter
Esther Osser
Helen Corman

. . Managing Editor
Editorial Director
. City Editor
. . . Associate Editor
Associate Editor
. . . Associate Editor
* . . Associate Editor
. . . . Sports Editor
. . . .Women's Editor
. . . Exchange Editor

Business Staff

Business Manager
Assistant Business Manager
Women's Business Manager
Women's Advertising Manager

. Irving Guttman
. Robert Gilmour
. Helen Bohnsack
. . Jane Krause

The editorials published in The Michi-
gan Daily are written by members of The
Daily staff and represent the views of the
writers only.
Labor's Contribution
To National Defense.. .
asked Philip Murray, CIO president,
to arrange a conference between William S.
Knudsen, director-general of defense production,
and Walter P. Reuther, of the United Automo-
bile Workers, to discuss the Reuther plan for
making airplanes in automobile plants.
The plan was announced before the holidays
and there has since been considerable debate
about the matter. The (IP) quoted several "high
defense officials" as saying that the plan was
impractical, but the "high officials" have yet
to be found. Other opponents have been more
willing to divulge their identity. According to
radio station WEAF's news reporter, Earl Good-
win, a group of important tool manufacturers'
meeting in Washington has not been averse to
letting out a story to the effect that they thought
the Reuther plan "impractical". It is a fact
that the tool industry would make more money
manufacturing new tools for new factories than
it would re-tooling old tools, as contemplated by
the Reuther plan. The plan itself is quite simple
and yet phenomenal - 500 planes a day six
months after the plan goes into operation from
the used, the unused mind you, capacity of our
automobile plants.
AT PRESENT the automobile industry is uti-
lizing but approximately 50 per cent of its
capacity. Assembly lines are partially and in
some cases completely idle; forges, presses, gear
cutters, lathes, broaching machines, die casting
machines, foundry equipment, header machines
stand idle, literally working for Hitler. Reuther
- a man who has been in the shops - has the
details; P.M. newspaper has printed the full
story in its January 8, 9 and 10 issues.
The same basic machinery is utilized in the
manufacture of both airplane and automobile
engines, and the same presses can make air-
plane wings and fuselages as well as auto bodies
with comparatively minor changes. When the
contemplated airplane plants (of the plan re-
cently passed by Congress) are completed, they
will have. to be equipped with this same basic
equipment that now stands idle in our automo-
bile industry.
Thus the basic machinery will be duplicated
and it will still be necessary to construct the
special tools, dies, jigs, and fixtures required
to adapt this machinery to the manufacture
of airplanes. In the process of duplicating the
basic equipment lies the biggest lag in the pres-
ent plan. The Reuther plan proposes to short-
cut the process by building only the tools, dies,
jigs, and fixtures necessary to convert idle auto-
mobile machinery to airplane manufacture. In
this way a job that will otherwise take at least
18 months can be done in six.
TECHNICAL PROBLEMS - are envolved, of
course, in making the metamorphosis. That
these problems are not insuperable is shown by
the fact that Murray and Briggs body corpora-
tions are already stamping wing parts for Doug-
las bombers.
To accomplish the adaption to airplane pro-
duction a great amount of skilled labor to turn
out the necessary tools and dies is needed. But
the automobile industry has the largest reservoir
of skilled labor in the world-more than 25,000
technicians. Tooling is a very seasonal occupa-
tion even more so than production. When the

The Interventionist Position .. .
To the Editor:
AS A MEMBER of the only campus group
supporting all aid to the Allies short of war,
I feel called upon to brand as UNTRUE the
statement of Messrs. Huston and Muehl that
the majority of the persons who have been and
are still advocating all aid to the Allies short
of war are interventionists. Not only from what
everyone knows of the Honorary Chairman of
the Committee to Defend America by Aiding the
Allies, Mr. William Allen White, but from a rath-
er large acquaintanceship among various mem-
bers of that organization and from the student
equivalent, The American Student Defense Com-
mittee I can say that not more than ten per cent
of either organization is interventionistic in
either thought or word. The foregoing answer
is, if anything, exaggerated, as I am, and was
at strict interventionist and have been disap-
pointed in the small number of persons who go
as far as I do.
The authors bring forth again the A.S.U.
doctrine, not that the authors are A.S.U.ers, that
after all Britain is no better than Germany; all
one has to do, they say, is to look at India.
What do the authors expect will happen to
India if Britain should lose this war? Do they
expect that the Indian people could hold off
any one of the three great fascist powers, Rus-
sia, Germany or Japan if it was impossible for
the British people to do so? Do they feel that
a German or Russian or Japanese government
would be better for the Indians? If so I sug-
gest that they take a look at Poland or the
conqueretl part ,of Finland or at Korea, and I
fancy they would change their minds.
THE AUTHORS state that "no policy of a
victorious Nazism could, harm this nation
as seriously as a policy establishing our frontiers
wherever the interests of Britain are assailed."
Disregarding the fact that no important person
has advocated this view, I am inclined to believe
that the conquering of this nation by the Nazis
would be considerably more harmful than the
former policy and that hope of conquering the
United States will certainly be the policy of a
victorious Germany.
Whether or not a British victory would be
the first step towards a permanent peace or not,
who has said that it would be? All that most of
us say is, that it will give us a chance to try for
a peace of some short duration or perhaps we
might be fortunate enough to achieve a peace
that would last for fifty or a hundred years,
but a British victory would at least give us a
chance, but would make a dead certainty of
the fact that we would have to put up with
frequent wars for quite some time.
T HE AUTHORS SAY that "when we deal with
the hates that divide the people of Europe,
we touch something very close to their lives."
That is to say that a good deal of these wars
are caused by this hatred and yet is strange to
see that the Italians hate the Germans more
than they do any one else and yet they are
fighting? on the German side, and the Russians
and the Germans have usually, except for the
times of the DreiKaiserBunds, been very antag-
onistic to one another and yet they are cooperat-
ing today, and what is, in my mind, the coup de
grace of this argument is that the English
people and the German have always been more
than mere speaking acquaintances and yet they
have been engaged in two rather serious con-
flicts in the last twenty-five years. Nor can
I agree with the authors' view that the human
mind is the "most inflexible of all things with
which we are familiar".
The authors sum up by saying that if we are
to be embroiled in Europe's affairs to wait until
"a tangible threat appears". What do they think
the threat of Nazism is? A bluff! That was
what the people of Poland and other conquered
countries thought until it was too late and now
Germany has under its flag more conquered
people than there are in the entire United
In my opinion, the authors are ostriches hid-
ing their heads in their doctrines of pacifism,
and I believe that I am working for international
peace too, and that they are overlooking the
fact that peace ceased over a year ago and that
now all they can do to further international

pacifism is to help the side win that will give
them the best chance to obtain their ends
eventually. Naturally, I feel there is little doubt
that their only chance is for Britain to win.
- Charles Elwyn Karpinski

for all future time his cherished isolationism
as for John Bull to give up his cherished im-
In the rest of the article I regret to have de-
tected more lapses in logic, errors in history
and statements contrary to fact than can usu-
ally be found in a long book. I could not de-
tail them all, still less discuss them, without
exceeding the space limit fixed by the Daily.
Perhaps the prize of the entire lamentable ex-
hibit is "let's wait until a tangible threat ap.
pears". If we are not facing a very "tangible
threat" now, no nation ever faced one since the
dawn of history! A good runner-up is the com-
placent conclusion that "Europe" will not stop
fighting wars till peace comes-about, if at all,
"through the grinding of the centuries," as
though a few more big wars would not wreck
all civilization, both European and American,
or as though no menace could ever overleap
that tiny and shrinking little pond which sci-
ence has made of the Atlantic! A word might
be spared also on the phariseeism which re-
bukes the British for protective tariffs, when
our own tariff is much higher and of much
longer establishment.
BUT THE WORST ERROR is one of omission,
Nazi Germany is discussed merely as one
imperialistic power in conflict with others on
some dispute of tariffs or colonies, a dispute
toward which we can safely extend an indiffer-
ent yawn. Nothing whatever is said of the
phase of Nazi statescraft which really matters;
that where it has been established it has
trampled all liberty, all justice, all learning into
the dust. As the complacent Messrs. Huston
and Muehl were writing, Nazi emissaries were
ransacking the libraries of occupied France to
burn books of liberal leanings or those writtenI
by Jewish or pacifist authors; Rumanian mobs,
instigated by -Gestapo agents, were butchering
Jews in the open streets; refugees were mysteri-
ously vanisling from the streets of Amsterdam;
Polish, Czech, Austrian and German professors
and students were being slowly tortured to death
in concentration camps, while their universities,
famous for many centuries, were either closed
altogether or turned into propaganda factories
and drill barracks.
Nor will even peace be bought at the cost of
permitting this sort of thing to continue in-
definitely. Everyone except Messrs. Huston and
Muehl and a handful of Senators, seems aware
that a Nazi victory will place us in the next line
to share the fate of China, Albania, Ethiopia,
Spain, Austria, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Norway,
Denmark, Holland, Belgium, France, Finland,
Rumania, Greece'and other countres which have
within the past few years been assailed, by one
or another of the despotisms. As one of those
who have "grown timorous with advancing
years" I do not want to spend the rest of my
existence in a Gestapo concentration camp; I
have the consolation, however, that I shall not
lack for good company, for I shall meet Messrs.
Huston and Muehl there and have the consola-'
tion of telling them "I told you so!"
- Preston Slosson
Logical Attitudes . .
To the Editor:
TO ONE who knows something of the training
in logic which Messrs. Huston and Muehl
have received at the University of Michigan and
in high school, it is somewhat depressing to dis-
cover them taking so much time to say so little.
From the assumption of their point of view
to their conclusions, the editorial is artificial.
I say from the assumption of their point of view
because they state: "At least we will know why
we're dying". Of course, they can say that the
editorial "we" was used, but both Huston and
Muehl are exempt from military service for
reasons which they well know.
Their thesis seems to be that war is tenable
only if universal and perpetual peace is the,
result. The implication of the thesis is that
Messrs. Hitler et al. were born in the bulrushes
by Divine Guidance and that we are unable to
see the Promised Land because of our own short-
sightedness and the smoke screen of the British
And then Mr. Muehl's lovely conclusion in
which he completely ignores what he knows,
namely, that trade routes, wars, hates and
boundaries exist only as manifestations of a

long-terrn functioning of the human mind.
Really, boys, let's quit acting and get back to
studies. - A.E.S.
Our Yesterdaysj
50 Years Ago
Jan. 11, 1891-"Little Nugget", the favorite
musical comedy, will visit Ann Arbor tomorrow.
New songs, dances, specialties, music, new char-
acters, two charming soubrettes and the lady
quartette have been added. Herbert and Joe
Cawthorn will give able support as comedians,
and "Ole" Olson, the new Swedish comic, will
make his second Ann Arbor appearance.
..Jan. 11, 1916 - Shook's Colored Orchestra, of
Detroit, and Russo's Third Regimental Band,
of Saginaw, have been selected to supply the
music for the 1916 J-Hop, according to a con-
tract signed by members of the Hop committee
Student Failures
Emotional upset causes more student failures
in college than either academic incompetence'
or laziness in learning subject matter.

The Reply
( UERY, appearing in El Scratcho
', Paddo, (Scratch Padded?), 1-
10-41, quote: "To Touchstone: Why
get so doggone excited about this
music business?" Reply: Who's ex-
cited? Who's excited? Who's excited?
Question, to appear in El Touchstono,
1-11-41, quote: "To Senator Scratch
Pad: Why get so doggone excited
about this Jackpot Hop business?"
Well. it's over with, for both of us.
Heigh ho, and three asterisks.
Quote. Fire and Water, 1-10-41,
paragraph six: "We have decided not
to mention either ASCAP. BMI or
WCTU. We're not that hard up for
ideas." Quote, Fire and Water, 1-10-
41, paragraph eight: "The only thing
this here Jack-pot dance isn't giving
away is free chinaware and Angell
Hall-so they claim." No, we're not
that hard up.
Honestly, the minute I turn my
back on those guys, something like
this always happens. Such a business.
News items for well-wishers. Norm
Rosten's B'way play did a swan from
the hundred and fifty foot tower.
BEING NICE to the Detroit Free
Press, for a change, I like those
back page columns. Pickering is a
right g, and probably, no make that
certainly, the best man even to tour
the faded night spots of the cheap
car city. He makes the most out
of Dee-troit cafe society, and despite
a certain beer-on-the-house, slap-
on-the-back tendency, manifest es-
pecially just before pay-day, and de-
spite too the fact that everybody in
Detroit who wears a tuxedo rents it,
the Pickering man has been doing a
nice job since he started, simply be-
cause he knows human interest, and
blends good stuff on the forgotten-
man front with the customary tripe
released at the back door of the Bow-
ery by the publicity department.
Across the page, though, and this
apropos the current issue of Stage
Magazine, runs my orchid man of
the New York all-nighters-bar none
including patriotism Winchell-a
man known to the profession and his
wife by the name of Leonard Lyons,
age 33, who looks, according to Wil-
liam Saroyan, in an article appearing
in Stage for January, like William
Saroyan. That's grounds for a libel
suit if ever I saw grounds for a libel
suit. Saroyan looks like a butcher,
nothing else. Saroyan has turned his
facile pen to practically every branch
of the writing trade, art, profession,
or what you will, and in this little
pro and con department of mine, he
belongs strictly on the con side. Lyons
is top of my list of columnists. Saro-
yan is running a spavined sixth or
seventh in the sell-out stretch, fol-
lowing Benedict Arnold, Judas Is-
cariot, John L. Lewis, and the field.
He is now a far and laughable cry
from The Daring Young Man, just
how far may be clearly seen in afore-
said Stage article.
cosmopolitan drapery, here is a
resume of the action, just the ac-
tion of James Thurber's, and Elliot
Nugent's The Male Animal. Tommy
Turner, young assistant professor at
a large Midwestern university, an-
nounces in the presence of Michael
Barnes, juvenile hot head and edi-
tor of the campus literary magazine,
that he will read as part of his Eng-
lish course, a letter written by Van-
zetti, of the Sacco-Vanzetti case. The

campus has been undergoing a red
purge, and several instructors have
been dismissed for their real or sup-
posed political beliefs, the execu-
tions ordered by a big-business board
of trustees, headed by one Ed Keller.
Warned by the placatory Dean Dam-
on that young Barnes has seized upon
the Vanzetti letter as occasion for an
editorial on academic freedom, Turn-
er's first impulse is to throw the
whole thing overboard, chiefly be-
cause he doesn't think it's important,
and because he expects a raise, but
when his wife, Ellen falls for Joe
Ferguson, ex-football hero to end
all ex-football heroes, and Keller
curtailment begins to stand for somel
thing, Turner gets sore, and drunk,
punches Ferguson in the nose, tells
Keller to go to hell, wins back his
wife, shows his wife's sister that the
man of her choice should be Barnes
rather than the clipping-carrying
shoulder pad she at times shows in-
terest in, and finally allows his wife
to save his job for him. Sketchy, I'll
admit, but that's most of the action
And with an innocent whistle, I wend
my way slowly into the deepening
twilight, my mind occupied with
nothing more serious than whether
the trout will be biting down in the
mill pond. So long until soon.
Defense Jobs . .
The federal security agency ha,
announced that 64 engineering col-
leges are prepared to offer 250 short
training courses for national defensE

VOL. LI. No. 75
Publication in the Daiy Official
Bulletin is constructive notice to ali
members of the University.
President and Mrs. Ruthven will
be at home to members of the faculty
and other townspeople on Sunday.
January 12. from 4 to 6 o'clock.
Student Accounts: Your attention
is called to the following rules passed
by the Regents at their meeting of
Feb. 28, 1936:
"Students shall pay all accounts
due the University not later than
the last day of classes of each sem-
ester or Summer Session. Student
loans which are not paid or renewed
are subject to this regulation; how-
ever, student loans not yet due are
( exempt. Any unpaid accounts at
the close of business on the last day
of classes will be reported to the
Cashier of the University, and
"(a) All academic credits will be
withheld, the grades for the sem-
ester or Summer Session just com-
pleted will not be released, and no
transcript of credits will be issued,
"(b) All students owing such ac-
counts will not be allowed to register
in any subsequent semester or Sum-
mer Session until payment has been
S. W. Smith,
Vice-President and Secretary
Applications in support of research
projects: To give the Research Com-
mittees and the Executive Board ade-
quate time for study of all proposals,
it is requested that faculty members
having projects needing support dur-
ing 1941-42 file their proposals in
the Office of the Graduate School by
today. Later requests will, of course,
be considered toward the close of the
second semester. Those wishing to
renew previous requests whether re-
veiving support or not should so in-
dicate. Application forms will be
mailed or can be obtained at Secre-
tary's Office, Room31508 Rackham
Building, Telephone 331.
The Dictaphone Station will be in
the Council Room, 1009 Angell Hall,
during the week of January 13. In-
sofar as possible the work will be
carried on in the regular manner.

Rowever, there will not be telephone
service and it will be necessary for
all persons to call in person atthe
office. Repairs to the office necessi-
tate this temporary change.
Ifouseheads, Dormitory Directors
and Sorority Chaperons: Women tu-
dents may have late permission on
Monday, January 13. to attend "Hell-
zapoppin." They must rettu'n iii-
mediately after the perfornmnce.
Jeannette Perry
Women Students are reminded that
they must register any change of
residence for the second semester in
the Office of the Dean of Women
by noon of January 15. They must
also inform their househead of their
intention by that date.
Requests to cancel dormitory con-
tracts should be made in writing.
Such letters should give reason for
change and be addressed to Miss
Jeannette Perry, Office of the Dean
of Women. All requests will be act-
ed upon by the Conference Commit-
tee of the Residence Halls.
Jeannette Perry
Academic Notices
Bacteriology Seminar on Monday,
January 13, at 8:00 p.m., in Room
1564 East Medical Building. Sub-
ject: "Non-specific DefenseAMechan-
isms in Virus Diseases." All inter-
ested are invited.
Aeronautical Engineering Students:
The attention of junior, senior and
graduate students in Aeronautical
Engineering is called to the announce-
ments of the following Civil Service
1. Junior Engineer (Aeronautical.)
2. Junior Professional Assistant
(Junior Engineer).
3. Student Aid.
Copies of these announcements
are posted on the Department Bulletin
It should be noted that the first
position does not require a written
examination, while the second one
does. It is understood that students
who expect to receive their degrees
in 1941 may submit applications for
the first position at this time. Appli-
cations for the second position must
be submitted before January 20, 1941.
The Student Aid positions of item
3 are available to juniors during their
(Continued on Page 6)



The only question left unsolved
when the Lydia Mendelssohn curtain a
rang down on "Children, 1777" yes- t
terday afternoon was whether the
children on the stage or the legging I
clad audience had the most fun out t
of the show. Even the four or five o
adults who came in a little self-con- i
sciously enjoyed every minute of it.
"Children, 1777," written especially t
for the Children's Theatre by Rich-
ard McKelvey and directed by him, f
takes place at the time of the Revo- Z
lutionary War. Although the his- o
torical background is alittle vague,
there is no doubt about the trend
of the actual plot or the actions off
the juvenile Thespians. Twelve child- P
ren, left for some reason in a cabin F
about three miles outside Saratoga, u
use all their wiles-and they have n
plenty-to capture two British of-
ficers who are attempting in turn, i
to capture a messenger with an im-
portant document for the coloniald
army. With the aid of Aunt Polly,a
a converted English "Lady," playedi
by Mary Ellen Wheeler, the child-1
ren manage to divert the attentiont
of the soldiers, help the messengerf
to escape, and generally see that ev- t
erything turns out happily.r
One of the funniest moments in
the play occurs when Scott, a whin-
ing British officer who would prefer
to be shut up with a band of canna-
balistic Indians than with those "hor-
rible" children, is told by his superiort
officer to help three of the little
girls take the laundrey out to the<
creek and help them wash it. He re-
turns, blubbering with grief and cov-
ered from head to foot with assorted
pieces of the weekly wash; to tell his
sad story of how those conniving
females got him out into the woods,'
overpowered him and tied him up in
Although the "adults" in the cast
did very nicely, it was children all
the way as far as acting honors went.
Biggest little scene-stealer of the lot
was infinitesmal Georgia, played by
Barbara Allen. Although she spent
most of the first act sound asleep,
and the greater part of the second
act locked up in a cedar chest, Geor-
gia, who insisted, at just the right
times, that she was too young to
understand, seemed to know pretty
well what was going on when she
held pudgy Scott, played by Edward
Davis, at bay by sticking the sharp
end of the captain's sword in his
s Our sympathies, we're afraid, were
- all with the British Captain, played
t by William Mills, when he was at-
e tcked hv five of the scranniest lit-

FOR ONE REASON or another, this
column has been unable to do
nything but watch helplessly while
he lines of recent popular releases
went rolling by. In desperation, then,
oday's effort is an attempt to single
out some of the more interesting
tems of the last two months.
"More interesting" probably means
to most of us, Benny Goodman's
irst releases since his reorganization.
The new band numbers 16 musicians,
nly three of whom are Goodman
holdovers. The rest have been drawn ,
rom Krupa, Savitt, Dailey, Bernie,
Pollack, and even from the Julliard
School of Music. This observer is
unwilling to pass comparative judg-
ment at this early date, but, if the
band's debut with Columbia is an
ndication, it would seem that Mr.
Goodman is here to stay. For Hen-
derson Stomp and Nobody bear the
appreciated Goodman marks: solid-
ity and finish. In the first, Fletcher
Henderson at the piano, Benny on
the clarinet, and Cootie Williams,
former Ellington stand-by, on the
trdmpet, take the feature solos. The
reverse side re-introduces Helen For-
rest in a song that is practically all
COLUMBIA has also added to its
"hot jazz classics" series with
the re-issuance of an album of Duke
Ellington records rhade during 1932
and 1933 (Set C-38, four 10-inch
records). The Ellington 'of many
moods-vigorous, dreamy, downright
blue-has been well recaptured for
the most part. If Lightnin appears
a bit ragged after all these years,
Cootie Williams' mournful -yammer,
the piano work of the Duke, Barney
Bigard's clarinet, and the simplicity
of the ensemble passages have worn
well enough to make this album a
collector's item.
Count Basie, as quick as the next
to capitalize on a trend, has pressed
for Okeh Records a record of Draft-
in' Blues and What's Your Number?
The top side is the better number. It
is conventional blues, but James
Rushing does a redeeming vocal
("If you've got a lovin' man, you'd
better love him while you can!")
What's Your Number? is a fast fox-
trot which gives the Count and the
sax group opportunity for feature
Okeh has also released two more
novelty discs by Tiny Hill and Tom-
my Tucker. Tiny does a smooth
Dixieland and vocal with an "oldie,"
T Wish, Th. T Conud Shiammv ik

Complacent Attitudes *


To the Editor:
1 WISH heartily to second the idea expressed
in the long article printed recently in the
Daily by Mr. Huston and Mr. Muehl that if we
enter the present war it should be not merely
for the negative gain of defeating Nazi Germany
but for the positive purpose of "establishing
a just and permanent world peace". I might
add, however, that to establish such a peace it
will be as necessary for Uncle Sam to give up
industry for six months, from 12,000 to 15,000
skilled mechanics could be made available to
build the necessary tools, dies, jigs and fixtures
for the production of an all metal pursuit ship
on a mass production basis. By then putting
automobile production on a year-round, rather
than seasonal, basis, we can have automobiles,
and 500 airplanes a day where they are most
effective for our own defense today, namely in


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