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January 09, 1940 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1940-01-09

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WPeather
Light snow.

LL

Fifty Years Of Continuous Publication

Diati

Editorial
Defense Streamlined
By Reorganization ..

VOL. L. No. 73 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, JANUARY 9, 1941 Z-323

(PRICE FIVE CENTS

Fleets Placed
On War' Basis;
New Admiral
Is Appointed
Enlisted Personnel Limit
Is Raised To Provide
Crews For Battleships
Now In Construction
Three Ocean Navy
Included In Plan
(By The Associated Press)
WASHINGTON, Jan. 8-MP-The
Navy reorganized its fighting forces
today into three United States fleets
and raised thelimit of its enlisted
personnel to provide crews at full
war-time strength for ships under
construction.-
Secretary Knox announced the
chnges, which were authorized by
President Roosevelt. At the same
time the Navy Secretary told his
press conference he did not believe
the United States could spare more
destroyers for Great Britain without
"impairing" our fleet.
Three Ocean Navy
Under the reorganization, the Nav-
al force will consist of an Atlantic
fleet, a Pacific and an Asiatic fleet.
Each will operate under a comman-
der-in-chief.
Rear Admiral Husband E. Kimmel,
who will head the Pacific fleet, also'
will be commander-in-chief of the
combined forces. He will have the
rank of admiral and will succeed Ad-
miral James O. Richardson, who has1
held the post for little over a year.
Richardson was ordered to report
to Knox for duty, but the secretary
did not disclose what his new as-
signment would be. ~
The authorized enlisted strength
of the Navy was raised to 232,000
men, including both regulars and re-'
serves on active duty. The present
personnel numbers about 191,0001
compared with 145,000 enlisted men
in the -Navy last July. The increase
in the limit was effected under Mr.1
Roosevelt's powers to change the
Navy's authorized strength in an
emergency.
War-Time CrewsC
Knox said that ships in service
were operating with crews at full
war-time strength, but that the in-,
crease was desired to assure fullr
strength manpower fpr new vessels
as they are completed.
President Roosevelt recommended
in his budget message to Congress
today that the Navy receive $3,358,-
558,414 during the fiscal year start-
ing July 1941. This includes $1,515,-
000,000 for ship construction and ma-I
chinery and for armor, armament
and maintenance:
The sum is expected to continue
and complete construction of 448 ves-
sels. Of that number, 80 already have
been commissioned, but they need
certain additions to armament and1
other items which will be charged
against the building fund.
More Auxiliary Ships
Knox said that the Navy intended£
to ask Congress to authorize 280 new
auxiliary vessels which officials es-
timated would cost an additionalj
$350,000,000. They will include sub-
marine chasers, patrol boats, mine
sweepers and vessels to lay nets as
harbor defenses against submarines.
The Navy secretary said that it
was not planned to ask Congress
to authorize the building of more

destroyers.
The prospective request for more
submarine chasers led to speculation{
in some quarters, however, that- some{
craft of that kind might be madei
available to Great Britain. The Navy
now has 53 chasers under construc-
tion.{
Prof Price Urges
U.S. AidI o English
"The American people cannot af-
tord to let Germany win in Europe,"
'rof. Hereward T. Price of the Eng-
sh department asserted in a talk
st night at the League before the
nerican Student Defense League.
t would be impossible for the
..ted States ever to be friends with
or ever to collaboi'ate with a victor-
ious Hitler, Price asserted. And,
therefore, the "only hope for this
country is to help England so that

License-Freedom-Suppression'
To Be Subject Of Winter Parley

President Asks

Unprecedented

Slosson, Fuller And Carr
Will Participate In Panel
Led By George Shepard
"License-Freedom -Suppression."
the provocative symposium topic of
the Student Senate's annual vwinter
parley, will be discussed by three out-
standing faculty members, Prof.
Richard C. Fuller and Prof. Lowell
J. Carr of the sociology department
and Prof. Preston W. Slosson of the
history department, it was an-
nounced yesterday by William Todd,
'42, general chairman of the parley.
George Shepard, '41, will serve as
chairman at this panel which )vill be
held at 3 p.m. Saturday at the Union.
At the same time another panel
will be held on the vital campus
problem of student government and
extra curricular activities. James
Harrison, '41, will preside over a pan-
el that will include Dean of Students
Spanish Club
wWill Sponsor
Griffin Talk
La Sociedad Hispanica will spon-
sor a lecture, "Mexico, Land of the
Future and Romance," to be pre-
sented by Mr. Robert Griffin of De-
troit in the Natural Science Audi-
torium Lt 8:15 p.m. today.
In the second lecture of the 1940-
41 series Mr. Griffin will take his
audience on an imaginary journey
of Mexico. The "journey" will be il-
lustrated with natural color motion
pictures which depict the beauty and
picturesque features of our neighbor
to the south.
Several of the more interesting
stops to be made on the pictorial tour
will be at floating gardens, fiestas
and bull fights. The pictures con-
trast the ancient and the modern,
which stand side by side in Mexico.
Recently returned from Mexico,
Mr. Griffin is well qualified to speak
on the various phases of life in that
country. He is a lecturer of long ex-
perience and his lectures have al-
ready obtained success in other parts
of the Mid-West. At various times
in his career he has been employed
on newspapers and magazines both
in this country and in Mexico.
The lecture will be in English and
will be open to all those holding the
Sociedad lecture series tickets. Others
may attend by paying a twenty-five
cents admission fee.

Joseph A. Bursley, Dean of Women
Alice C. Lloyd,, Assistant Dean of
Students Walter B. Rea and Miss
Ethel McCormick, social director at
the League.
Three panels starting at 7:30 p.m.
Friday will be concerned with the
international scene. Prof. Lawrence
Preuss of the political science de-
partment and Prof. Arthur Smithies
of the economics department will be
speakers at a symposium devoted to
international relations after the war.
Col. Henry W. Miller, military au-
thority and member of the engineer-
ing faculty, and Prof. Preston Slos-
son will analyze the probable out-
come of the war. William Bestimt,
'43, will be the chairman.
Divergent viewpoints will be heard
on the highly controversial subject
of American foreign policy when Rev.
H. L. Pickerell, Prof. Howard Ehr-
mann of the history department,
Prof. William Hobbs, William Clark,
'41, and Prof. Roy W. Sellers of the
philosophy department will argue for
widely different courses of action.
John 'McCune, '41,, will act as
chairman.
Lieut. Commander Elmer Shaw
Pettyjohn of the naval ROTC has
been named as the principal speaker
at the parley's opening session at
3 p.m. Friday. Other speakers on
this symposium concerned with con-
scription are Prof. Emeritus Edwin
Goddard, member of the local draft
board, Col. Miller and Lieut. Com-
mander Wells L. Field of the naval
ROTC.
The last session of the parley will
be at 3 p.m. Sunday. It will be ad-
dressed b Dr. Edward N. Blakeman
who will summarize the contents of
the parley. A general discussion will
follow.
Hockey Team
Will Encounter
Michigan Tech
Visitors To Present New
Lineup For Skirmish
At' Coliseum Tonight
Michigan Tech's elfin hockey team
will meet Eddie Lowrey's embattled
Wolverine puck squad tonight at the
Coliseum. The opening whistle will
be at 8 p.m.
The visitors will present a lineup
dotted with plenty of new faces since
eight members of the 12-man travel-
ing squad have never played on the
local ice before.
The Huskies have suffered by the
graduation of Maurice yilleneuve,
captain of last year's squad, but asideI
from this, indications are that Coach
Ed Maki has put together a much
improved outfit.
The colorful Villeneuve will be
missed by the crowds as much as by
his former teammates. The Flying
Frenchman was the offensive and
defensive star of an otherwise medi-
ocre squad last year and made a big
hit with the crowd by his colorful
tactics.%
Speed and plenty of fight keynote
the attack of the diminutive lads
(Continued on Page 3) 1

Peacetime
To Financ

Rudget Of
'Defense

17

Billion

1

Production

Highlights Of President's:
Annual Budget Message

s *

WASHINGTON, Jan. 8.-(P)--Salient passages of the President's bud:
get message to Congress today:
"Carrying out the mandate of the people, the Government has em-
barked on a program for the total defense of our democracy. This means
warships, freighters, tanks, planes, and guns to protect us against aggres-
sion, and jobs, health and security to strengthen the bulwarks of democracy."
* * * *
"This program, including defense and non-defense activi-
ties, will cost about 17.5 billions of dollars (for the year). For
the same period, we expect the largest national income for the
nation as a whole and also the largest tax receipts."
* * * *
"Sixty-two percent of the expenditures proposed in this budget are for
national defense. No one can predict the ultimate cost.
"We shall actually expend more than 25 billion dollars for defense with-
in a 3-year period. This can be accomplished, but only if management,
labor, and consumers cooperate to the utmost."
"The increased military expenditures permit a substantial
reduction in non-defense expenditures, particularly for those
activities which are made less necessary by improved economic
conditions."
"For the items subject to administrative rather than legislative action,
I have been able to reduce expenditures by 600 million dollars, or 15
percent."
"I recommend the continuance in full measure of the Social
Security programs. Furthermore, I deem it vital that the Con-
gress give consideration to the inclusion in the old-age and
survivors insurance system and the unemployment compensa-
tion system of workers not now covered."
* * * *
"I estimate reduction of 45 million dollars in the agricultural programs.
We are definitely maintaining the principles of parity and soil conserva-
tion."
"The revenue for the fiscal year 1942 is expected to be 9
billion dollars. It will exceed the revenue collected in the fiscal
year 1940-the last year before the start of the present defense
program by 3 billion doliars."

Roosevelt Indicates Subsequent Demands
Will Be Made To Gear U.S. Industry
Into 'Battle' Against Axis Powers
Request Received By Majority
Of Conoress With Equanimity
WASHINGTON, Jan. 8.-(P)-President Roosevelt sent Congress a $17,-
485,000,000 budget today, a record for peacetime, and served notice that he
would ask still further funds to throw America's great industrial machine
into the battle against the Axis Powers.
During the fiscal year which begins next June, he proposed that $10,811,-
324,000 be spent for the United States armaments program. That figure and
the budget's total, as well, are to be further increased by the cost of warx
supplies sent to England under his lease-lend plan.
By comparison, the budget for the current fiscal year ending next June,
as revised today, calls for total expenditures of $13,202,370,970, with $6,463,-
923,000 for defense. In the year which closed last June, expenditures totalled
$8,998,189,706, of which the defense item was $1,579,905,425.
Aside from defense, the principal items of the new budget were: $502,-
884,000 for public woks, as compared with $570,002,000 this year; $1,061,561,-
700 for "aids to agriculture," compared with $1,106,391,800; and $1,034,139,-
700 for work relief as compared with $1,501,915,000.
Against the tentative total of $17,485,528,049, Mr. Roosevelt placed esti-
mated Government revenues of $8,275,435,000, noting that the sum was suf-
Ificient to cover non-defense items

"A start should be made this year
payments from current tax receipts.
be based on the principle of ability to

to meet a larger percentage of defense
The additional tax measures should
pay."

37

Solicitors

Revised School
Drafted By

Aid Bill
Educators

LANSING, Jan. 8-(P)-A mini-
mum salary of $800 for public school
teachers is proposed in a revised
school aid bill drafted by a group of
educators, Dr. Eugene B. Elliott, Sup-
erintendent of Public Instruction,
said today.
The Bill also proposes raising the
property tax requirement from three
mills to four mills for local schools
in order to qualify them to receive
state aid and payment of state aid
in five installments instead of three
as at present,

His Highness Looks To The Future:
Archduke Otto Predicts Surprise
Endimg' For Second World War

Go Into Action
In Relief Drive
Campaign To Raise Funds
To Aid Refugee Students
Will Continue To Jan. 21
Thirty-seven solicitors swung into
action as the Ann Arbor Jewish Com-
mittee began a drive to raise funds
for the support and tuition of refu-
gee students on campus yesterday.
The drive, which will last until
Jan. 21, will attempt to secure suf-
ficient funds to care for the five
refugee students now on campus and
bring more refugee students here to
complete their education.
The student solicitors, who will
contact every Jewish student on
campus, are under the divisional
chairmanship of Martin Dworkis,
Grad.,
He will be aided by Jerome B.
Grossman, '41, in charge of fraternity
solicitors; Elaine Fisher, '41, for so-
rorities; Joseph Levine, '41E, for the
independent men; Janet Crome, '43,;
for women's league houses; Helen
Bittker, '42, for Stockwell Hall; and
Virginia Golden, '42, for Mosher-
Jordan Dormitory.
The list of solicitors includes the
names of Shirley Selin, '44; Dorothy
Proser, '44; Dorothy Schulhof, '44;
Janet Slottow, '42; Dorothy Roth,
'41; Mildred Williams, '41; Virginia
Golden, '42; Miss Crome; Natalie
Van Gelder, '43; Ruth Schulman,
'41; Sarah Kaufman, '43Ed.; Ha-
'dassah Yanich, SM; Edith Levine,
'43; Agnes' Gilbert, '43; Florence
Stern, '44; Miss Fisher; Beverly Sad-
with, '42; Levine; Joseph Fauman,
Grad.; Grossman; Bernard Sisman,
'41; Myron Gins, '41; Burt Klein, '41;
Julian Pregulman, '42; Richard Un-
ger, '42E; Louis Hurwitz, 41D; Leo-
nard Brandman, '41M; Irving Slif-
kin, '43; Dworkis; Sam Rosen, '44;
Bob Warner, '43; Harry Rappaport,
'43; Morris Fishow, '43; Herb London,

Active Newspaper
Aids Communityx,
Publisher Asserts
"An active newspaper is one that
gives definite service to its commun-
ity," With this as his thesis, Philip
Rich, publisher of the Midland Daily
News, gave several illustrations of
some methods newspapers might em-
ploy to become "active," in his :talk
today, third in a series sponsored by
the Department of Journalism.
Among movements promoted by
Rich's newspaper, serving a commun-
ity of 10,000 people, have been in-
vestigation of rents, particularly
among lower income groups, free em-
ployment ads, rebating mortgage
sales and free swap ads. At one time
during the depression when Midland
was suffering from a housing short-
age, Rich revealed that his paper
built a model home and left it open
for inspection, thus stimulating in-
terest in homes.
A newspaper should remain in-
dependent of any clique or party,
Rich emphasized, and added that it
did not matter whether a paper wins
or loses a campaign, so long as its
columns reflect honest opinions.

Lundy To Give
University Talk
On Anesthetics
Leading Authority To Deal
With Place Of Chemistry
In Solving Problems
Problems in anesthesia to be
solved by chemistry will be the theme
of a University lecture on "Anes-
thetics" to be given by Dr. John S.
Lundy, Head of the Section in Anes-
thesia of the Mayo Clinic at Roches-
ter, Minn., at 4:15 today in the Rack-
ham Amphitheatre, under the aus-
pices of the University section of the
American Chemical Society.'
Recognized as the nation's leading
authority on anesthesia, Dr. Lundy
is professor of anesthesia at the
Mayo Foundation and is at present
working on a book dealing with his
recent studies on the various aspects
of the subject.
Dr. Lundy is a prolific contributor
to prominent scientific journals and
is a member of the Associated Anes-
thecists of the United States and
Canada and the International An-
esthesia Research Society.
Today's lecture will be of import-
ance to local physicians and pharm-
acists as well as students and pro-
fessors of chemistry. Dr. Lundy will
use as few technical-terms as possible
so that interested laymen may un-
derstand the nature of the problems
discussed.
University Drops Course
AKRON, O., Jan. 8--(/')-Prof.
Paul Zeis of Akron University con-
tends war-makers have reduced to
a farce the study of international law
as currently taught-so the Univer-
sity announced today the course
would be dropped for the spring se-
mester.

and national defense outlays at the
rate of a few years ago.
As presented, the figures left a
prospective deficit of $9,210,093,049,
the largest of the Roosevelt period.
But how close that would come to
the ultimate figure, the President
himself was frankly in doubt, because
the cost of aid to England had still
to be added, and revenue gains from
a new tax bill increasing the rates
had still to be added.
New Taxes Asked
Tentatively, it was estimated that
the public debt would rise from the
present figure of $45,000,000,000 to
$58,367,065,056 on June 30, 1942.
The president asked emphatically
for the passage of such a tax meas-
ure, together with new levies de-
signed to prevent anyone from mak-
ing an "abnormal net profit" from
the defense program. Rising tax
rates levies on a rising national in-
come could, he suggested, provide
greatly increased revenues. He esti-
mated national income for the fiscal
year at $87,000,000,000-higher than
1929.
Despite the size of the figures it
contained, the budget was received
in Congress with an almost sur-
prising equanimity. It had, of
course, been known for months
that the totals would run to un-
precedented proportions. Admin-
istration leaders were quick to
praise the recommendations, while
the most emphatic criticism came,
not from the balanced budget
group, but from those critical of
the president's foreign policy.
Thus, Senator Wheeler (Dem.,
Mont.), a leading- opponent of the
lease-lend plan, said the budget
tables would "wake up American tax-
payers to the cost of fighting another
European war," and Senator Van-
denberg (Rep., Mich.), observed that
his digestion was not good enough
to "take this budget down at one
gulp."
At the other end of the capitol,
Rep. Treadway of Massachusetts,
ranking Republican member of the
Ways and Means Committee, pro-
posed the appointment of a bi-part-
isan House-Senate committee to co-
ordinate federal expenditures and
revenues, It was impossible to bal-
ance the budget now, he said, but
Congress should remember "that we
are treading a dangerous path which,
as the president once said, leads in-
evitably to bankruptcy."
Total Defense Necessary
The message with which Mr.
Roosevelt accompanied the budget
began with an emphatic restatement
of what he conceives to be the neces-
sity of the times-a "program for
total defense of our democracy," with
"industrial capacity stepped up" to
a point at which it can provide the
essential ships, tanks, planes, and
other war supplies.
"It is dangerous to prepare for a
little defense," he said. "It is qafe
only to prepare for total defense. A
wry turn of fate places this defense

By BERNARD DOBER .
The end of the war will probably
come as a great surprise and will
come about as a result of a great mil-
itary victory combined with the
greatest nationalistic revolution the
world has seen, His Highness Arch-
duke Otto told reporters in an inter-
view last night.
There is no chance now for a ne-
gotiated peace, His Highness stated,
because a peace with Germany in-
cluded would be a peace based on
distrust, and a peace with Germany
His Highness, Archduke Otto,
will be speaker at the Michigan
Union Forum which will be held
at 8 p.m. today in the Main Ball-
room of the Union. His Highness
will speak on "The Fall of Bel-
gium and France." After his talk,
the Archduke will answer any
questions which members of the
audience may ask.
excude dwould onl rneea the mis-

political and economic federations in
Central Europe, in the Balkans and
in the Scandinavian countries could
be formed, he said, the countries
within the federations would have
greater security and protection from
the larger, neighboring countries and
could withstand any possible invas-
*ion.
Archduke Otto was in Belgium at
the time of the Nazi invasion and
stated that King Leopold was not
to be blamed for his actions. The
Belgium people fought to the best
of their ability, he said, and sur-
rendered when their supplies were
exhausted. The country was totally
unprepared for such an invasion.
The "secret weapon" which the
Nazis used to conquer Belgium, His
Highness disclosed, was a trick; Ger-
man soldiers dressed in the uniform
of the Belgian Army crossed the bor-
der 'and gained access to army forts
and other military points of vantage.
So unprepared were the Belgiaus, he
stated, that the generals were at din-

I

Prelude To J-Hop:
Sell-Out Crowd Is Expected
As Eve Of Jackpot Hop Nears

By PAUL CHANDLER,
"Where 'ya going Friday night?"
"Why, I'm going to the Jackpot
Hop, and win a ticket to the J-Hop!"
Such might be a typical conversa-
tion on the Michigan campus this
week if students were inclined to talk
about such things. The Jackpot Hop,
an all-campus informal dance, will
be held in the Union Friday, and its
sponsors are predicting a sell-out
crowd.
The dance itself will be one of
the more interesting to be given yet

One ticket to the Military Ball.
Two passes to the Wayne-Mich-
igan swimming meet.
One ticket to the Junior Girls
Play.
One ticket to the Slide Rule Ball.
One ticket to the Engineers' Ball.
Subscriptions to the 'Ensian and
The Daily.
Three season passes to the Union
dances.
The sponsors, incidentally, include
representatives from every important
campus organization. Tickets may be

E

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