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December 18, 1940 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1940-12-18

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?AG1~ FOtlR ~DNE$DAY, flEUEMBER 18, 1949

- V
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or not otherwise credited in this newpaper. All
rights of republication of all other matters herein also
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by
carrier $4.00; by mail, $4.50.
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publisbers Representative
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1940-41
Editorial Staff


Hervie Haufler
Alvin Sarasohn
Paul M. Chandler
Karl Kessler
Milton Orshefsky
Howard A. Goldman
Laurence Mascott
Donad Wirtchafter
Esther Osser
Helen Corman

* . Managing Editor
Editorial Director
. . . City Editor
.* . Associate Editor
. . . Associate'Editor
. . . Associate Editor
S . . Associate Editor
. . . . Sports Editor
Women's Editor
Exchange Editor

Business Staff
Business Manager
Assistant Business Manager
Women's Business Manager
Women's Advertising Manager

Irving Guttman
Robert Gilmour
Helen Bohnsack
Jane Krause

The editorials published in The Michi-
gan Daily are written by members of The
Daily staff and represent the views of the
writers only.
Yuletide Season
And The Times .,.@.
12,000 students will depart to enjoy
a vacation built around the birthday of One
who preached tolerance.
Christmas will come again against a stark
background of war and fear. Spiritual idealism
has been subordinated to the more mundane
values of "love of country" and "national de-
fense", and we are learning that good-will
toward men may not always be the best way
of disposing of fifthi columnists. America today
is almost as far from the Christian goals as it
was in 1918, and that was the year in which our
whole nation admittedly lit the bottom of its
moral history.
At the moment of writing we are not yet at
war, but there is every indication that the de-
struction of our civil liberties may soon become
as pronounced as it was in the World War I
era. "Fifth columnist" is a term flupg with dan-
gerous abandon at individuals in every fold of
society; minority groups are being labeled "sub-
versive" and rubbed out of existence; from every
hand comes warning against "abuse of privi-
lege"; and from the mouth of J. Edgar Hoover
we hear these words:
"The time is rapidly approaching when
as a nation we must choose between the
welfare of the great masses of Americans
and a few interlopers who hide behind the
Bill of Rights while they undermine the
nation." ,
Mr. Hoover may or may not be aware that
this pretended conflict between the interests of
the "great masses of the people" has become
the justification for the greatest wave of in-
tolerance and suppression the European con-
tinent has ever seen.
THESE ARE ONLY HINTS of a condition that'
is almost chronic. They are the symptoms
of a disease which bored from the within of half
a dozen European nations, bringing the enemy of
totalitarianism and punitive repression within
the gates, while the natives thought only of the
foe who had stood outside.
This is no new cry of fear. Norman Thomas
waged an entire presidential campaign warning
his listeners of the threat of fascism within the
United States, but Norman Thomas received
only 116,000 votes. From time to time we hear
constitutional lawyers remind us that the United
States of America was founded in order to guar-
antee certain fundamental liberties to its citi-
zens, and that those privileges are still what
makes our political structure superior to its
rivals. People hear these things, yes, but
with ears numbed by the same cries which
sent us into the "damn the dirty Huns" and the
Ku Klux Klan era of 1917-18.
It's not a problem to be oversimplified. Even
Patrick Henry would have been reluctant to
grant freedom to a group whose avowed pur-
pose was to blot out that distinguished orator
and all of his works.
I believe, however, that the present era
of discrimination and suppression is more
rl nr n i o he AmricaLn way f life than

This is the second and final portion of a review
of Mr. Harold J. Laskis latest work, Where Do We
Go From Here? Monday Mr. Laski's thesis, that
only a social revolution in England today can
bring peace and security to Europe, was devel-
oped. The writer indicated that the execution of
such a program was very improbable. Today's
portion of the review presents the arguments for
this attitude and a presentation of the writer's
opinions of what America's position is in relation
to it.
I DO NOT QUARREL with Laski; one cannot,
I believe, deny the truth of his fundamental
thesis that a democratic social revolution in
England today offers the only hope of freedom
and peace for Europe. We differ in the evalua-
tion of the probabilities, I judging as one who
has to be convinced, whose bias is peace for
America. Mr. Laski is arguing a cause.
I have already pointed out that Mr. Laski is
undoubtedly the most advanced political and
social scientist in Britain today. Although he
writes as a Labor Party spokesman, his views
do not coincide with the thought of British La-
bor leaders and certainly not with views of the
English masses. I have already elaborated the
reasons why I doubt that fundamental social
changes in England are necessary to retain the
support of these English masses for the war.
We have yet to discuss the most probable of the
improbables, namely, the attitude of the gov-
LASKI ARGUES that the English government
could and should begin today to institute
the social transformation in the best interests
of the British state - nfasses and privilege. The
war has changed the objective of the govern-
ment to allow, indeed to demand, the immediate
execution of such a program.
But will it do so? Laski argues for the possi-
bility of such a course. I can only say that I
believe such a course is improbable. Granted
that to a large degree the coalition government
is divorced from the particular interests that
comprise it, it is still merely a symbol of na-
ional unity, and the conservatives still retain
their dominant position in the cabinet and
Parliament. It always\ must be kept in mind
that these conservative members of the govern-
ment do not think of their economic privileges
and power as an unjustifie'd possession, which
eventually they must sacrifice or be shorn of in
the best interests of the welfare of society.
The conditioning, culture and rationale of
capitalist society make the conservatives be-
lieve that the institution of property, and all
that it implies, is essential to liberty and prog-
ress. They have the economic power to exer-
cise liberty and by the process of generalization
they extend it to all individuals. If other indi-
viduals are not able to exercise the liberty they
themselves possess, it is because those indi-
viduals do not have the initiative; or, when deal-
ing with unemployed it is government inter-
ference of capitalist liberty that caused the
unemployment in the first place. To argue that
these individuals will help institute a program
of social revolution seems, to me, extremely un-
realistic. They simply do not speak the same
language as a man like Laski; they do not hold
in common the same concept of the best so-
ciety. Even if they did, it is doubtful whether
they would sacrifice their own interests for the
within has become as much of a peril as con-
quest from abroad.
WHAT is the significance of this trend? Just
this: Today the United States, facing the
threat of foreign aggression, is building a na-
tional defense. Paradoxically we find ourselves
imperiled from within by the very forces
our guns and battleships are seeking to keep out.
To an honest liberal this situation throws a
spotlight on a middle course between war and
domestic fascism. To build an army and navy
has become a practical necessity in a world of
wolves. We share the fears of the Knudsens
and the Roosevelts when they bemoan the slug-
gishness of our productive agencies. Further
than that, we want to help England, because a
victory for her will probably forestall most of
the physical menace to our own shores.
But never do we want to see America trans-
formed into a huge barracks where dissenting
opinions are rewarded with sentences in concen-

trafion camps; where Gauleiters are called
American Legionnaires; where we ourselves per-
mit to grow the very ideologies our guns and
battleships were built to prevent!
It may be that defense and tolerance are hope-
lessly doomed; that America is destined for a
plunge into Old World darkness. That, however,
is a problem for the clairvoyant. Meanwhile
it is our only alternative to hold to the line,
build defenses, and nourish at all times the free-
dom we presume to cherish.
ERE on the campus we can see these things
in terms of practical action. Since last
June this college town has been gripped with a
kind of hysteria that has found it necessary to
punish all sorts of minority groups in the name
of statutory righteousness.
We are making no accusations. We are per-
fectly aware that in the case of the students
denied re-admission, the ASU probation, and
the Daily editors' suspension independent disci-
plinary groups acted on the basis of certain
violations of rules.
We are also certain that these disciplinarians,
unconsciously or consciously, were prompted to
action by a zeal that is not completely divorced
from our national hysteria. The will to punish
certain kinds of persons, and to forgive others,
is not always determined by the facts at hand,
but more often by personal feelings. It matters
little what specific laws were violated in sucl
That such a feeling is present here can be

welfare of all. People who all their lives have
served material pleasures do not suddenly be-
come intellectual martyrs.
tude of the conservative power, in the gov-
ernment that this war can be won without
changing the foundations of their society. After
all, we accomplished the same thing in the last
war; admittedly, England is in a tighter spot
today, but a few concessions and more promises
to the masses, mixed with a dash of battle for
democracy, will gain their support. So runs the
implicit reasoning of their minds. The question
for the conservatives is not, as I have argued,
first how they can best lay the foundation for
permanent peace. That comes second, and
only so long as it does not conflict with their
own- primary interests. The question is how
they best can preserve their own privileges.
Laski argues that it is better for the privi-
leged classes, threatened by fascist conquest and
the demands of the masses, to make a funda-
mental accommodation with the latter. How-
ever, these conservative leaders of the govern-
ment still believe they can win the war without
making any basic accommodations to either
Hitler or their own restless masses. That mili-
tary victory will engender only greater internal
strife and begin over again the cycle that began
at Versailles they do not take account. They'll
do a good job on Germany this time and they
can always take care of their own masses -
after all if they can do it now during a crisis,
they certainly will be able to do it after a peace
is made.
LASKI, HIMSELF, admits that as yet no fun-
damental social changes have been initiated.
A few weeks ago Parliament voted down a pro-
posal to consider the demands for independence
of India. Granting Indian independence at this
time would have been an immense factor in
allaying suspicion of English motives by the
Soviet Union and a fundamental element of
any social revolution in Britain. But a con-
sideration of it has been voted down. Yes, the
British government is still dominated by the
mentality of Munich - the mentality that is
above all anxious that the present war should
be won with a minimum invasion of existing
economic rights.
WHAT DOES THIS MEAN to the American
liberal, to all Americans who desire peace
and security in America? It means, first of all
I believe, that we must at all costs keep Amer-
ican doughboys at home. No one cansask Amer-
ican youth to shed its blood for the cause that
(behind the flowery phrases) is being fought
today. And, if we are to make effective our de-
sire for peace, we must act on the probabilities
that we see today. The individual's judgment
of the war may change as it progresses, but
collective judgment must be made now.
But we are already in this war; our economy
is geared to the war, with approximately half
of our production going to re-arm this country
and half to help England in her struggle against
Hitler. Shall we continue this arrangement by
granting credits to Britain?
guish the effects of a Nazi or British vic-
tory. If the Nazis triumph in Europe, this coun-
try will become and continue to be an armed
camp. Hitler's legions haven't yet crossed the
Channel, and we are already in the midst of a
glorified defense program. If he should con-
quer Britain, we would devote a very consider-
able proportion of our economy to war, year
after year, with more draft calls and repression
of civil liberties. The threat of a Nazi conquest
would make politically impossible the further-
ance of much needed social changes in this
country. To argue that we can appease Hitler
is to stick one's head in the sand, bared for
the axe.
go to England are the most effective part
of our defense program. Giving Britain those
war supplies today will be less a sacrifice than
we will have to make should the Nazis conquer
England. And, psychologically, a gift by our
government is the safest way to give Britain
aid and yet retain our position of militant non-
belligerency. It is then up to the American
people to decide how far they wish to go beyond'
material aid to help England. Thinking only

in terms of our own self-interest, I am arguing
that a government gift or loan (morq politically,
feasible) to England is the best investment of
our defense program.
NHERENT in a British victory and peace, that
is made with the privileged classes of Eng-
land still in the saddle, are greater possibilities
for a better world order than would exist under
a Nazi conquest. Both are evils, granted; but
unfortunately, that is the only choice today.
The masses of England will be in a position to
influence the peace that is made after a British
victory, and they will be better prepared and
more alert to the need of exerting that influence
than they were after the last World War. Sec-
ondly, I do not believe that the English rulers
will have as free a hand to crush the social
revolutions that will follow Nazi defeat through-
out Europe, as they had after the last war.-
Though I am not anxious to see the present
regime in the Soviet Union spread its domina-
tion throughout Europe, its presence, and the
principles latently inherent in the Soviet Union,
will be a great deterrent to the weighty hand
of English reaction. To this may be added the
influence of this country, whatever we can make
it. Finally, and this is most important, the defeat
of Hitler will allow the time and conditions in
which the social transformation of this country
and Great Britain may occur. Nazi domination
does not allow of such possibility.

To the Editor:
My, my, but isn't the Daily Editorial
Staff getting gullible these days. It
looks as if December is open house
for committees. So I might just as
well call myself Math Committee
First you get into trouble by print-
ing those delicate letters from the
ASU. And then the Board finally
clamps down, and it appears that
everything will become settled down
for once.
Now if you haven't seen through
those camophologes (sic) that those
brilliant COMMITTEEMEN have
put up through the means of your
page, I am very much surprised,
Doesn't it seem to you that their
pleas for -safeguarding civil liber-
ties for the Student - is nothing but
dear old ASU propaganda rearing
its wicked old head again? Now they
are asking for more committees to
get together so that they can go on
a 'red-hot' picnic.
I know that you in charge of the
Editorial Staff don't give a hell about
the ASU and the Young Com-
munists. So here's a suggestion: try
to read your copy a little better -
use more discretion.
If there is any doubt in your minds
as to my real feelings, just send one
of those 'delicate' committees to
Math Committee 202% and see how
we manipulate those kind of nuni-
- Math Committee 2024
Stanford Clamage
by mascott
Editor's Note: Qarg's Tom Good-
kind just loves to become "inteliec-
tual" and write a column in The
Daily-so who are we toscreate frus-
tration in Goodknd's soul. So he
takes over for the day.
IT SEEMS STRANGE that the Brit-
ish under the intensive strain of
almost nightly bombings can still
maintain their equilibrium and sense
of humor. We even understand that
the greatest social crime in England
today is to be a "bomb bore", the
kind of person who insists on relat-
ing his personal experiences during
the latest air raid. This, we imagine,
is much the same as the fellow who
persists in going over every bridge
hand he every played to the un-
amused sighs of the accompanying
guests. This question about British
humor, though, was, brought to the
fore lately by an article in the press
which stated:
"The 1941 British Who's Who, out
tomorrow, will still list Adolf Hitler
among its 40,000 'men and women
most in the public eye today'." The
article goes on to say :
"Although no one here can tele-
phone him because of the censor-
ship, the book reveals his telephone
number is still 116191. His addresses
are listed as Wilhelmstrasse 77, Ber-
lin W8, and Ober-Salzberg, Berch-
tesgaden, Bavaria."
THE APPEARANCE of this article
with, by the way, a London date-
ine, shows that there must be some
Latent humorist hidden within th
stodgy confines of the staff of th
British Who's Who. It is much the
same thing as the listing of activitie
and societies for Ralph Schwartzkop
in the Michiganensian last year. Th(

?x-track captain was accredited with
Michigamua and all the rest. One
humorist on the staff, though, in-
,luded the name of Gamma Sigma
definitelybnot an all-campus fra-
ternity, but a small, intra -fraternity
;coup banded together for no other
,urpose than "just for the helluvit"
,E CAN SEE some sweet old lady
sitting by her fireplace with
Who's Who in one hand trying fran
tically to put in a call to der Fuehre
to ask him to be more careful wher
he places his time bombs. The las
one went off unexpectedly and
caused her to drop eight stitches o
her knitting. Naturally, she is knit
ting stockings for American soldiers
TES, SIR, the Britons are pretty
lucky having a man like that t
guide their sense of humor. Pictur
the British student diligently at-
tempting to find the facts about
Histerman, Joseph; b. 1897 Brightor
etc., etc., and running across Mr
Hitler's acknowledgment. We ca
see him guffawing gently as he pic-
tures the mustachioed (censored,
trying vainly to maintain his posi-
tion as one of the "men and women
most in the public eye today", whil(
bombs rain down upon his retrea-
at Ober-Salzberg, Berchtesgadel
Bavaria. Then he will meditate
softly (we've tried doing this, b
all we get is a sort of dull thu(
emanating from the back of ot
cranium) about what good wil
WTho's Who be in 1942. By then. i~

(Continued from Page 2)

Associate Aquatic Biologist, salary
$3,200. Jan. 16, 1941
Assistant Aquatic Biologist, salary
$2,600. Jan. 16, 1941.
Principal Physicist, salary $5,600,
Dec. 12, 1941.
Senior Physicist, salary $4,600, Dec.
12, 1941.
Physicist, salary $3,800, Dec. 12,
Associate Physicist, salary $3,200,
Dec. 12. 1941.
Assistant Physicist, salary $2,600,
Dec. 12, 1941.
Complete announcement on file at
the University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Information,
201 Mason Hall. Office hours: 9-12
and 2-5.
Teacher's Certificate, February
1941 Candidates: The Comprehensive
Examination in Education will be
given on Saturday, Jan. 11, from 9
to 12 o'clock (and also from 2 to 5
o'clock) in the auditorium of the
University High School. Students
having Saturday morning classes
may take the examination in the
afternoon. Printed information re-
garding the examination may be se-
cured in the School of Education of-
Househeads, Dormitories, Sorori-
ties and League Houses: Any student
desiring to remain over night Friday,
December 20, can be accommodated
in the houses but the closing hour will
be 8:00 p.m. Closing hour Thursday
will be 10:30 p.m.,as usual.
International Center: Foreign Stu-
dents' Attention: All foreign students
holding student's visas who plan to
enter or to pass through Canada dur-
ing the Christmas Vacation should
see the Counsellor to Foreign Stu-
dents at once. Because of the war,
special arrangements are necessary.
International Center Class in Port-
uguese: The International Center an-
nounces a class in Portuguese to be-
gin immediately after the Christmas
Vacation. All students who attend
applying for the next year Brazilian
Exchange fellowships offered by the
InstitutoBrazil - Estados Unidos
should take advantage of this oppor-
tunity to get some experience in spok-
en Portuguese. Other students are
invited to enter the class. Students
should enroll before the Christmas
holidays if possible in the Office of
the International Center. This is a
non-credit course on a tutorial basis.
To Students of Engineering and
those enrolled in the course of Lee-
tures on Naval Subjects. Lieutenant
Commander S. N. Pyne, U.S.N. of the
Navy Department, wil be in Room 326
West Eng. after 10:00 a.m. on Thurs-
day, December 19, for the purpose of
meeting students of Naval Architec-
ture and Marine Engineering who
expect to graduate i February, 1941,
and who may be interested in making
application for a commission in the
Construction Corps of the Naval Re-
At 4:00 p.m. he will address those
enrolled in the Lecture Course on
Naval Subjects, and students of all
Engineering branches expecting to
graduate in 1941 who may be inter-
ested, in Room 348 West. Eng., on
the subject of the opportunities off-
ered through a commission in the
Naval Reserve.
eAcademic Notices
Seminar in Physical Chemistry wil
s meet in Room 410 Chemistry Build-
f ing at 4:15 p.m. today. Mr. G. H
e Kissin will speak on "Metallic pro-
perties of solutions of alkali metal
e in liquid ammonia."
- Biological Chemistry Seminar wil
meet in Room 319, West Medica
Building, at 7:30 p.m. today. Sub
r ject: "Biological Oxidation and Re
duction, Part III. Oxidation Reduc
tion Potentials-Tissue Respiratio

Y and Metabolism." All interested ar
h invited.
r Chemical and Metallurgical Engin
e eering Seminar. Mr. Robert C. Wer
t ner will be the speaker at the Semi.
d nar for Graduate Students in Chem
f and Met. Engineering today at 4 p.m





in Room 3201 E. Eng. Bldg. on the
subject "The Sodium-Lead Equili-
brium Phase Diagram"
Botanical Seminar will meet to-
day at 4:30 p.m. in Room 1139, N.S.
Bldg. Paper by ' John T. Baldwin,
"Chromosomes of certain plants of
eastern North America."
Messiah Concert: The University
Musical Society respectfully announ-
ces that the supply of tickets for the
Messiah Concert, Dec. 18, has been
exhausted, sincerthe number has been
limited to the capacity of Hill Audi-
Those who hold tickets are re-
quested to be seated by 7:50, in order
to avoid unnecessary confusion and
The concert will be conducted by
Thor Johnson, Conductor of the Uni-
versity Musical Society, and will be
given by the University Choral Un-
ion, the University Symphony Or-
chestra, Palmer Christian, organist,
and the following soloists: Thelma
von Eisenhauer, soprano; Joan Peeb-
les, contralto; William Hain, tenor;
and Richard Hale, bass.
Exhibition, College of Architecture
and Design: The winning drawings
for the Magazine Cover Contest spon-
sored by DeVoe & Raynolds of Chica-
go are being shown in the third floor
exhibition room, Architecture Build-
ing. Open daily 9 to 5, except Sun-
day, through December 17. The pub-
lic is invited.
An exhibition of Abstract Photog-
raphy and a Survey of Drawings by
American Artists is open afternoons,
2:00-5:00, in Alumni Memorial Hall,
through Dec. 20.
An Exhibit of contemporary paint-
ings from 79 countries, formerly at
the San Francisco World's Fair, will
be shown at the Galleries in the
Rackham Building until Friday,
December 20. The Galleries -are open
from 1:30 to 5:30 p.m. and from 7:00
to 10:00 p.m.
The Nature of Man: Copies of the
four lectures on "The Nature of Man,"
sponsored by the Student Religious
Association, are now available for
free distribution at Lane Hall.
Events Today
The Research Club will meet to-
day at 8:00 p.m. in the Amphitheatre
of the Rackham Building. The fol-
lowing papers will be read:
"Plant Hormones," by Prof. Felix
G. Gustafson.
"The Origins of a National Net-
work of Railroads in France from
1833 to 152," by Prof. Arthur L.
General Publicity for Theatre Arts:
There will be a meeting of the com-
mitteet at 3 o'clock today in the Un-
dergraduate Office of the League.
Alpha Phi Omega meeting at 7:30
tonight at the Union. New officers
will be installed. All members are
urged to be present.
Hillel Institute of Jewish Studies:
The following classes will meet to-
day: Elementary Hebrew class at
4:30 p.m. and the class in Yiddish
and Yiddish Literature at 8:00 p.m.
I Michigan Dames: Bridge Group
- will meet at the League tonight at
8:00 p.m.
s Coming Events
The English Journal Club will
1 meet Thursday Dec. 19, at 8 p.m. in
1 the West Conference Room of the
- Rackham Building. Mr. E. M. Halli-
- day and Mr. James O'Neill will speak
- on Miltonic criticism.

e Lutheran Student Association will
meet in the Trinity Lutheran Church
Thursday evening at 8:00 for a car-
- oling party. After singing about the
- neighborhood the group will return
- to the church where refreshments
i. will be served. All are invited to
i. attend.

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