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November 30, 1940 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1940-11-30

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Weather
Mostlym cloudy; light snow.

LL

Fifty Years Of Continuous Publication

:4ia iti

Edtorial
Avoid Economic
'Headache' After War

VOL. LI. No. 53 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 30, 1940 Z-323

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Rumanian Crisis

Reported As Iing Flees

,
- .

Housing Plan
Group Opens'
First Session
Of Conventionr
Government Alone Is Ablef
To Undertake Program
To House All Workersr
fi Defense, Stein Says
Banker Considers
Finance Question
Government agencies alone cant
carry out a housing program for na-
tional defense workers on the scale
and with the speed required to se-
cure 100 percent industrial produc-
tion, Clarence P. Stein of New York,t
declared before the first Conference
on the Expansion of Industrial Com-
munities which convened its two-day1
meeting here yesterday.
"The public knows private businessl
cannot and will not supply homesĀ£
for the lower income workers," Stein1
said, and cited World War instances
in which discontent because of un-
satisfactory living places caused a1
labor turnover dangerous to the ef-
ficiency of industry.,
Alludes To World War
Alluding to housing experience-
during the World War, Stein suggest-
ed that lessons valuable to modern
planning could- be learned. One of
these lessons is that housing prob-
lems should be based on adequate
surveys, he said.
"Industrial Communities should be
planned for permanent use and for
the needs of- the future, he stated,
and observed that communities are
an essential part of industrial plants.
Speed in developing a program, he
said, depends on knowing what to
do.
Private enterprise cannot providet
sufficient capital for the expansion of
industrial communities during the
defense emergency, Ernest Fisher of!
the American Bankers Associationj
told the Conference in a dinner talk.
Mr. Fisher, a former professor in
the School of Business Administra-
tion, pointed out that since financing1
for housing expansiop must be on
short terms, the government should
assume a role in providing the neces-1
sary capital.1
Community Expansion
The basic question in industrial
community expansion, he stated, is
the minimizing effects of industrial
community decline at the end of the
emergency. The problems of readjust-'
ment following the emergency will be
greater than the problems confronted
during the emergency.
In a talk on the economic back-
grounds of housing and planning,
Prof. Edgar M. Hoover of the econ-'
omics department stated that a rise
from 130 to 150 in the federal re-
serve index is not ridiculous and'
that this rise will be noticed chiefly
in industrial communities producing
durable goods.
Prof. Hoover pointed out the fac-
tors which determine the location of
new defense enterprises as conven-
ience to existing management, labor
supply, site and climate, war risk (a
probability of invasion or sabotage),
transportation and existing utilities.
Law Authority
To Speak Here'

Lauterpacht Will Discuss
Post-War Problems
Prof. H. Lauterpacht, lecturing un-
der the auspices of the Carnegie En-
dowment for International Peace, will
give a University lecture on "Prob-
lems of Post-War International Re-
construction," at 4:15 p.m. Monday
in the Rackham Lecture Hall spon-
sored, by the political science de-
partment and the Law School.
As Whewell Professor of Interna-
tional Law at Cambridge University
and lecturer at leading Continental

RenovatedHockey Team
To Open Season Tonight

War Carries Into ThA Caribbean

By ART HILL
Two greatly improved hockey
teams will meet on the ice of th"
Michigan Coliseum tonight at 8 p.a
when the Michigan puck squad face.,
the London A.C. outfit in the Wol-
erines opening contest.
Eddie Lowrey's Wolverine squad
which has been sunk in the depths ow.
mediocrity for the past two seasons.
will present a " rejuvenated lineurI
flashing added speed and offensive
strength. On the strength of 'this,
Michigan hockey fans are counting
on Lowrey's lads to come through
with a victory and break the jinx
that the Canadians have held over
them for the past three years.
Chief basis for the optimism dis-C
played by Eddie Lowrey and members
of the squad is found in the pres-
ence on the team of several promising
newcomers, three of whom will start
tonight's encounter.
Bob Kemp and Max Bahrych are
both sophomores and will start at
the left and right wing positions.
Both areagressive, speedy players
and should add considerable scoring
punch to the Wolverines' attack.
Playing between Kemp and Bah-
rych on the starting forward wall will
be Paul Goldsmith, veteran center,
The third new face in the Wolver-

Gamoron

Sees

Religion Joined
To Democracy
Educator Draws Parallel
Between 'Spiritual Aims
And Democratic Tenets
Democracy should encourage relig-
ious education on the part of all
groups that constitute the nation,
Dr. Emmanuel Gamoron, Education-
al Director of the Hebrew Union Con-
gregations of America, said at the
first of a series of conferences on re-
ligious education held at Lane Hall
yesterday.
Religion' teaches the basic worth of
the individual and the value of free-
dom, Dr. Gamoron declared.
He pointed out that there are cer
tain fundemental ideas stressed by
both Judaism and Christianity which
form the basis for political Democra-
cy.. Religion, Dr. Gamoron said, stres-
ses the value of each individual, the
sacredness of the human personality
and the equality of all in the eyes of
God.
Democracy, he added, stresses these
same fundementals in a different
way, thus making it to Democracy's
best advantage to encourage relig-
ious teaching within the states.
who is a fine stick-handler and play
maker and works well with the two
youngsters.

ine starting lineup will be supplied by
Hank Loud, who will don the pads
and take over in the nets for Mich-
igan. He has a big 'pair of shoes to
fill, for Ann Arbor hockey fans will
not soon forget the almost miraculous
feats of Eldon (Spike) James, cap-
tain of last year's squad, who was
undoubtedly one of the greatest col-
legiate goalies in the game.
Out in front of Loud at the defense
oosts, Capt. Charley Ross and Bert
Stodden, the old reliables of the
(Continued on Page 3)
I
Talk Reported
Of Tax Raise
To W ThE'klligms
WASHINGTON, Nov. 29. -{ -
Talk that $10,000,000,000 may be set
as the "goal" for Federal revenue col-
lections in the next fiscal year was
heard tonight in some administra-
tion quarters as President Roosevelt
and his advisers studied means of in-
creasing Federal taxes.
No official confirmation was avail-
able immediately. The $10,000,000,-
000 total, if achieved, would be the
largest ever collectedi in peace-time,
and would exceed the largest expendi-
tures in any peace-time year before
the present defense program began.
Unofficial estimates are that the
current year's spending will run about
$13,000,000,000 to $13,500,000,000. Re-
venues are expected to approximate
$7,000,000,000.
Mr. Roosevelt called Secretary
Morgenthau,. Congressional fiscal
leaders and others into conference to-
night to consider additional taxes in
view of the defense program.
Student Center
Talks Planned
Roundtable Will Discuss
Economic Democracy
World affairs will be center of in-
terest for students participating in
the week-end program offered by the
International Center, Prof. Raleigh
Nelson, its director announced.
The weekly Saturday afternoon
roundtable will discuss "What Econ-
omic System Is Comparable with the
Principles of Democracy" from 3 to
5 p.m. today in the Center. Ivor Schi-
lansky, Grad, will lead the discussion.
All foreign students are urged to take
part in the program and to present
the viewpoint of their homelands.
Tomorrow Prof. Haywood Keniston
of the romance languages department
will speak on "Cultural Relations be-
tween the United States and Hispan-
ic America" at 7 p.m. at the Center.

(By The Associated Press)
TAMPICO, Mexico, Nov.29-In
face of reports that British and Ca-
nadian warships await them in the
Caribbean, the German merchantmen
Idarwald and Rhein sailed today
from their haven here with Spanish
ports on the- other side of the Brit-
ish Atlantic blockade as their de-
clared destination.
On the Eastern horizon as the
freighters nosed out of the Panuco
river and into the Gulf, hugging the
shore, could be seen the silhouette of
three foreign warships, toQ far dis-
tant for identification, but believed
to be United States neutrality patrol
vessels.
United States destroyers were in
the vicinity two weeks ago when the
Idarwald and Rhein, with two other
merchantment, the Phrygia and Op-
inoco, made a luckless attempt to
brave the British blockade.
Seamen of the 4,137-ton Phrygia,
believing they saw Briitish warships,
fired and scuttled her; the 9,660-ton

Orinoco developed engine trouble
and returned for repairs to her moor-
ing in the Panuco, where she still
lay today, and the Idarwald, 5,033-
tons, and the Rhein, 6,031, also put
back to port to await a more pro-
pitious day.
Today's departure was not wiithout
mishap. The Idarwald, it was learned,
ran aground on a sandbar outside
the harbor but refloated herself un-
assisted.
U. S. Recesses
Fraud Charge
Against McKay
Federal Jury Postpones
Investigation To Dec. 12
As EightAre Indicted
DETROIT, Nov. 29-0P)-Arraign-
ment of the remaining eight indi-
viduals indicted Wednesday and
Thursday on mail fraud charges
brought to a temporary halt today
the federal government's investiga-
tion of men high in political and
business circles in Michigan.
The special Federal Grand Jury
was in recess until Dec. 12, and O.
John Rogge, chief of the criminal
division of the Department of Jus-
tice, was in Springfield, Ill., for other
investigations. Rogge, however, said
that he would be back before mid-
December to take up other matters
uncovered in the recent momentous
session of the jury.
The Grand Jury's four indictments
named 17 individuals and one cor-
poration. Three of the indictments
listed charges of mail fraud against
Frank D. McKay, Republican Na-
tional Committeeman from Michi-
gan.

Swi~m Show
Draws Crowd
Of 1,000 Fans
By WOODY BLOCK
Barnum and Bailey were put to
shame last night at the Sports Build-
ing pool as Matt Mann gave an en-
thusiastic crowd of 1,000 Wolverine
fans the funniest, most entertaining
Swim Gala they had ever seen.
From event number two on, the
spectators were sitting on the edges
of their seats waiting for the next
surprise to pop. If someone wasn't
dropping out of the ceiling, there
were comics roaring off the high
board.
And if the comics weren't busy-
Matt's swimmers and a gang of rol-
licking faculty men were. They gave
their all and then some to put over
the sixth annual Gala, the receipts
of which the Women's Athletic Asso-
ciation shared.
Sandwiched in between the horse-
play, though, was some top notch
swimming turned in by Michigan's:
world champion team.
Jim Skinner, National AAU champ
in the breast stroke, fell short of the
100 yard pool record as he raced home
ahead of Charley Fries, Bruce Allen
and John LaFontin in 1:02.9. His
(Continued on Page 3)
Prom Tickets To Be Sold
To General Public Today
Soph Prom tickets will go on sale
to the general public from 10 a.m.
to noon and 2-4 p.m. today at the
Travel Desk of the Union, Bernard
Hendel, '43, chairman of the Prom'
announced.
Tickets have been selling very fast
and very few remain, Hendel warned.

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The New York World Telegram reported that a Ian ding force from a German raider was repulsed by the
British at Curacao, Dutch West Indies. The same sou rce said the raider was believed to be the one which
sunk two British freighters 240 miles northeast of the Virgin Islands.
WWI N
:"* """ "" "..* ,t0 ftii0* tll .t~ftt0 lt t

Deaths Mount
In Iron Guard
BloodPurges
Hleavy Loss Of Life Results
From Fighting In Three
Cities In Transylvania
Nazis, Rumanians
Mass In Bucharest
(By The Associated Press)
At the Hungarian-Rumanian Fron-
tier, Nov. 29-Flight of boy king Mi-
hai, heavy loss of life in fighting at
three Transylvanian cities, a mount-
ing death list in the Iron Guard's
blood purge and a massing of Ru-
manian and German troops in Buch-
arest were reported from Rumania
onight.
These advices, barred from ordinary
channels of news by Rumanian cen-
sorship but filtering across the bor-
der into neighboring Hungary, filled
in the sparse lines of Bucharest-to-
Budapest dispatches passed by the
censor.
Maniu's Aid Sought
(A dispatch reaching Budapest,
slashed by the censor, said: "Premier
Antonescu, struggling to keep control
of turbulent Rumania, sought to-
day the aid of Juliu Maniu, respected
peasant leader, and army corps com-
manders while rampant Iron Guard-
sts continued the purge of their en-
emies.
("During the day Maniu-six
words censored-had a long talk con-.
ference with Antonescu. The general
also conferred with army corps com-
manders-6O words censored.
("Antonescu was said to have con-
sulted most of last night and today
with Iron Guard leaders throughout,
ahe country, appealing to them to re-
store order. Tatarescu, Ghelmaganu,
Ralea and Argetoianu are still living
in Antonescu's own office."
(The reference is to former Prem-
iers Gheorghe Tatarescu and Con-
stantine Argetoianu and Mihai Ghel-
meganu and Mihai Ralea who were
respective ministers of transport and
labor in Argetoianu's cabinet, which
succeeded Tatarescu's and resigned
Nov. 23, 1939.
Total Dead Is 67
(The government set the total dead
in Bucharest at 67, and denied re-
ports reaching the border of street
fighting in several provincial cities.
The government specifically denied
a report circulated abroad that 2,000
persons had been killed in such riot-
ing.
("The German legation denied re-
ports that Dr. Wilhelm Fabricius,
German minister to Bucharest, al-
ready had left for Berlin after confer-
ring with Antonescu, but German cir-
cles said he would go immediately
after the fueral tomorrow for Cor-
neliu Zelea Codreanu, disinterred
Iron Guard leader.")
British Navy
Claims Supremacy
LONDON, Nov. 29-(P)-The Brit-
ish Navy's Mediterranean offensive
apparently has broken an Italian"at-
tempt to establish new lines- of com-
munication with the Fascist African
forces, informed Britons declared to-
day, and has put Britain in substan-
tial control of the whole of that stra-
tegic sea.
This evaluation of the meaning of
the Battle of Sardinia~ officially said
here to have damaged six Italian war-
ships, offered one of the first direct

suggestions as to the reason for the
presence in that area of a Fascist
fleet of such considerable size.
When the British fell upon' them
last Wednesday, these experts said,
the Italians were attempting to cre-
ate an alternate sea route to reach
Libya-perhaps by way of the French
territorial waters of Tunisia.
Physics Teachers
To Convene Here
Featuring addresses by Prof. A. E.
Stalker and Dr. Franklin Johnston,
the winter meeting of the Michigan

U.S. Money Anid Britain:
U.S. Likely To Grant Credits
To Great Britain, Watkins Says

Mine Disaster
Toll Increases
25 To 27 Feared Caught
In DeepestOhio Shaft
CADIZ, 0., Nov. 29-0P)-Blast-
made rock falls tonight slowed down
rescue crews as fears mounted for the
lives of 25 to 27 coal miners trapped
far underground in Ohio's deepest
shaft mine.
Officials of the Ohio and Pennsyl-
vania Coal Company, operators of the
mine eight miles northeast of here,
said a recheck showed between 25
and 27 men in the blast area. They
estimated rescuers would not reach
the miners before 7 or' 9 a.m. tomor-
row.
Caught without warning by a dev-
astating explosion 466 feet under-
ground and two miles from an exit
shaft, workers in section "12 north"
were cut off from escape by deadly
gas and tons of rock, coal and earth.
Reports of miners that one body
had been located later proved un-
founded after company officials re-
checked with rescurers. Adolph Pa-
cifico, district United Mine Workers
vice-president, said, though, that the
trapped men had only "one chance"-
that was by reaching a finished mine
room.

By EDMUND GROSSBERG declared. B
"If the war continues, it seems un- ance may h
likely that We can -escape or long .7 billion int
postpone the extension of loans'to "Not only
Britain," Prof. Leonard L. Watkins been furthe
of the economics department con- ports in mo
cluded in an interview yesterday on ger contrac
the actual need for American credits are in 'imm
to Great Britain. . nify the ple
"The monetary resources of Great centage ofa
Britain in the United States at the Watkins ex
present time are not known, but at The adni
the outbreak of the war, the Federal cies in Bri
Reserve- authorities estimated that dicates tha
Great Britain and her Dominions purchases i
held about five billion dollars of li- added.
quid resources," he explained. "If, as M
During the first year of the war, recent pa
he continued, large amounts of gold America is
were sent to the United States by senal' and
Empire countries. Purchases were United Sta
paid for by exporting goods and ser- ditional do
vices to the United States, by gold quired," Pr
shipments, by drawing on dollar bal- He point
ances, and by the sale of American first year c

3ut the unfavorable bal-
have been larger than the
dicated.
y have British resources
er depleted by rising im-
re recent months, but lar-
cts have been placed, or
ediate prospect, which sig-
dging of a still larger per-
available funds," Professor
plained.
ission of serious deficien-
tish home production in-
t an even larger scale of
n the coming months, he
. Greenwood stated in a
arliamentary discussion,
to serve as a 'second ar-
if British exports to the
tes are reduced, then ad-
llar resources will be re-'
ofessor Watkins asserted.
ted out that during the
of the war, new gold pro-

Gone Are The Days:
Black Friday Breathes Its Last,
Class Games TakingIts Place

i
i

- rt

G

' By A. P. BLAUSTEIN
"Black Friday" is no more.
So says Douglas Gould, '41, presi-
dent of the Union, who announced
yesterday that organized frosh-soph
"depantsings" and duckings were a
thing of the past.
In its place the Union staff plans
to sponsor Class Games which will
probably be very similar to those held
before the world war, consisting of
pillow fights, flag pole rushes and
tug-of-war between two evenly di-
vided sides.
During the past decade, according
to Gould, "Black Friday" has been
more or less of a failure. The fresh-

side is more than eager for action.
Class Garies would enable the Union
to get an equal number of frosh and
sophs and some sort of class suprem-
acy could really be es'tablished.
Although two other organizations,
namely Congress Independent Men's
Organization and the Interfraternity
Council, assisted the Union in organ-
izing the "Battle of the Pants," this
fall it was announced that the latter
group would do all of the work in
the future.
Plans have already been discussed
for next November and several let-
ters have been sent out to discover
how other colleges and universities

SANTA
15 ON HIS WAY-

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