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May 28, 1941 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1941-05-28

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Weather
Thundershowers, cooler.

Y i' e

Fifty Years Of Continuous Publication

aitj

I

Editorial
A Lesson In
German Propaganda ..

a

VOL. L. No. 171 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, MAY 28, 1941 Z-323

PRICE FIVE CENTS

DR

Proclaims

nlimited

Emergency'

i 66

Publications Board

Election

Will

Be

Toda

W

Ballots
Union,

To

Decide

Con re

Parachutists Rain On Crete;
Bismarck Sunk By Torpedo
,British Lose Cruisers And Destroyers In Island Battle;
RoyalFleet Avenges Hood After Long Chase

ss9

Athletic Positions

Nine Polling Places
Will Remain Open
From 8 A.M.-5 P.M.
Men's Council
Conducts Vote
Michigan students will go to the
polls today to elect student members
of tro control boards, the Union vice-
presidents and executive post mem-
bers of Congress.
Nine different polling places will be
open from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. today,
according to William Slocum, '42,
president of the Men's Judiciary
Council.
Five students are vying for the
three positions on the Board in Con-
trol of Student Publications - a
board which is now undergoing a
transition which may end with eight
voting adults instead of the present
four.
Three-Man Slate
A three man slate has received the
endorsement of the outgoing student
board members. The slate includes
Karl Kessler, '41, retiring Daily as-
sociateeditor; Harold Guetzkow, '41,
president of the Inter-Cooperative
Council, and Charles Heinen, '41E,
former secretary of the Union. Run-
ning against them are Margaret
Campbell, of the American Student
Union, and George Cheffy, a member
of the MAfichigan Party. Both secured
Here's where you can vote today:
Union and League lobbies; literary
college, University Hall; engine
school, the Arch; law school, libra-
ry; forestry school, Room 1042 Na-
tural Science; medical school, E.
Medical Building lobby; dental
school, lobby of old dental build-
ing, and business administration
school, the anteroom of Room 102
Tappan.
ballot positions through a petitioning
procedure
One two-vear term on the Board in
Control of Athletics will be filled to-
day. Cliff Wise, '43, and Frank Mc-
Carthy, '43, are on the ballot.
Six Union vice-presidents will be
chosen from 14 men. Candidates in
the literary college are Albert K. Ludy,
'42, Robert Samuels, '42, and Richard
Strain, '42, Seeking the law school
post are Brooks Crabtree, Richard
Killin, and Jay Sorge, all '42L.
List Candidates
Combined engine and architecture
school candidates are Bob Imboden,
'42E, Robert Ogden, '42E, and Carl
Rohrback, '42E. Running from the
business administration and forestry
schools ae Irl Brent, '42BAd., Allyn
Ferguson, '42BAd., and Alex Yorman,
'42F&C. Reinhold Sundeen, '42M, and
J. Robert Short, '42D, have been au-
tomatically elected to the medical and1
dental school posts as their nomina-
tions were -uncontested.
Candidates for the four rooming
house positions in Congress, indepen-
dent men's organization, are Ivan Gil-
man, '44E, Ted King, '44P, Monte
Konicov, '44, Albert Wohl, '43, and
Richard Orlikoff, '44.

MichioranWins
ve Ypsilanti
In Close Game
Fisher Uses Four Hurlers
To Take 5-4 Decision;
Wise Checks Hurons
-r
By BOB SHOPOFF
(Special to The Daily)
YPSILANTI, May 27.-Coach Ray
Fisher's red hot baseball nine suf-
fered a couple of mental relapses to-
day in their game against Michigan
Normal, but the Wolverines showed
enough power to beat the Hurons,
5-4, at Briggs Park in Ypsilanti.
In the fourth inning Normal capi-
talized on two Michigan errors and
two throws to the wrong base to pass
in three runs. Again in the eighth
frame they scored another marker on
a misplay. But the Wolverines were
busy making a few runs on their own
throughout the game.
It was the fifth straight win for
Michigan. Cliff Wise, fourth pitcher
for the Varsity, was credited with
the victory as he held the Hurons
to only one run and one hit in the
last three innings. Fisher used a
quartet of hurlers today, Mase Gould,
Mickey Stoddard, Lefty Muir and
Wise, because he wanted to see what
he could expect for the crucial series
against Northwestern.
Davey Nelson and Big George
Ruehle supplied Michigan with its
power as the former got three well-
placed singles while George smacked
a homer out of the park plus a
single. Ruehle hit the ball over the
centerfield fence 320 feet from home.
The Varsity didn't waste any time
in getting in the ball game as Nelson
led off the first inning with a single
to left. He advanced to second on
Don Holman's sacrifice and Wayne
Christenson, second sacker, drove him
across the plate with a sharp drive to
left.
In the fourth Michigan added its
second run when Ruehle connected
for his circuit blow. Mike Sofiak and
(Continued on Page 3)

LONDON May 27.-(QP)-Possession
of Crete hung in the balance tonight
as airborne German troops, heedless
of deaths estimated at 18,000, en-
larged their hold on a seven-mile
stretch of plain around Malemi and
Britain announced loss of two new
cruisers and four destroyers in Cretan
waters in history's greatest air-naval
battle.
The Nazi invaders are constantly
being reinforced by new parachutists,
but Britain also is rushing up fresh
manpower, while the fleet's sacrifi-
fices have blocked German attempts
to land from the sea, the British
said.
The ships lost, all apparently last
Thursday, were the cruisers Glouces-
ter and Fiji and the destroyers Grey-
hound, Juno, Kashmir and Kelly.
Commander of the Kelly was Lord
Louis Mountbatten, second cousin to
King George VI. What happened to
him is. not known.
In addition, the battleships Ware-
spite and Valiant and several cruis-
ers were damaged by the swarms of
Nazi bombers which constantly beset
them. More than 1,000 men - most
of the crews - of the sunken ships
were rescued.
Prime Minister Churchill told the
House of Commons, however, that
some of the damaged ships already
had put to sea again, and said that
German claims of having sunk 11
cruisers, eight destroyers, five torpedo
boats and a submarine were "even
more exaggerated than usual."
Britain's naval position in the east-
ern Mediterranean remains firm, he
said.
'Skylark' Continues~
fMendelssohn Run.
"Skylark," Samson Raphaelson's
comedy which opened yesterday at
the Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre, will
continue its run with a performance
at 8:30 p.m. today,
Ruth Matteson, who replaced Ilka
Chase in the stellar role, enacts the
neglected wife of an advertising ty-
coon. Leon Ames, who will be remem-
bered for his portrayal of Joe Fer-
guson in "The Male Animal," is the
well-intentioned advertiser who loves
his business so much that his wife,
threatens to name it corespondent.
Hirman Sherman, who has ap-
peared in previous drama festivals
here, will continue his characteriza-
ion of the sardonic and slightly al-
coholic lawyer.

LONDON, May 27.-(/P)-The 35,-
000-ton German battleship Bismarck,
one of the newest and most powerful-
in the world, was smashed and sunk
today by British warships and aerial
bombers on the fifth morning of as
coldy implacable a chase as sea war-
fare has ever known.
From the Norwegian port of Ber-
gen-where American-built Hudson
warplanes attacked her before ever
she left that harbor-she had been
pursued and harried for 1,750 miles
by a vast concentration of Royal
Navy units afloat and in the skies
until at last, crippled, whirling
crazily, trapped and already mor-
tally hit, she -was sent to the bottom
400 miles west of Nazi-occupied Brest.
Hood Avenged
Thus was avenged, in such a furi-
ous display of British naval might as
had not been seen before in this war,
the one great victim of the Bismarck's
short career, the 42,100-ton British
battle cruiser Hood.
It was at 11:01 a.m. (4:Q1 a.m.
EST) that she sank at last in the
chill waters so close to the refuge
which she had sought to reach-the
harbor of Brest-and the last of the
long series of blows that sent her
under came from the torpedoes of the
circling warships.
.She carried 1,300 men and the
German Admiral Guenther Luetens,
and her loss was the gravest suffered
at seab ytheNa i sinice the war be-
gan.
Began May 23
The battle began on May 23, when
the Bismarck made a dash out into
the Denmark Strait to the south. It
became an embittered effort to blast
her to bits--if it took the whole of
the British Navy-after her guns had
found the heart of the Hood on
May 24.
At least 11 battleships, aircraft
carriers, battle cruisers and cruisers,
in addition to destroyers and torpedo-
planes, took part in the roundup.
A like pursuit went on tonight for
the 10,000-ton German cruiser Prinz
Eugen, which apparently fled and
left the Bismarck to fight it out
alone. It was declared that not a
British vessel save the Prince of Wales
was damaged, and she only slightly.
Residence Hall
Victory Dinner
Plantned Today
Wlhen the Residence 1-all's annual
"Victory Dinner" is held in the West
Quad dning halls at 6:00 p~m. today
the occasion will mark the honoring
of 97 numeral winers and 85 intra-
mnural athletes from the dorms.
Williams House, All-Year Intra-
mural champions, will be specially
honored by the presentation of the
Intramural Department All-Year tro
phy. Harry Moorstein, Williams House
Athletic Chairman, will be given the
Residence Halls Athletic Chairman
trophy. Moorstein has been Athletic
Chairman of Williams House for the
last two years. Lloyd House, last year's
champion, will receive the runners-up
award.
At the dinners, which will be held
simultaneously in the four dining
halls of the West Quad, medals will
be given to the men who were on
championship teams, and to the men
who were named on All-Star teams
during the ,year. 37 recipients of these
awards will come from the East Quad
and Fletcher Hall to receive their
medals, Athletic Chairman awards
will be given to 13 House Chairmen.
After the dinner movies of the Ohio
State football game and the American
League Baseball movie will be shown.
Wally Tipp, onetime New York Yan-
kee first baseman, will talk on Inside
Base balln

Emergency
Powers
Explained
WASHINGTON, May 27.-('P)-Un-
der the powers of unlimited emergen-
cy, which\President Roosevelt pro-
claimed tonight, the Chief Executive
may close or commandeer radio sta-
tions, demand preference ,for troops
and war materials on any transporta-
tion system, suspend trading on se-
curities exchanges, and take over
powerhouses, dams and - conduits
needed in munitions and manufac-
ture.
Any step he, may choose to take,
aside from actual declaration of war,
must be done by individual proclama-
tion. Only Congress has authority to
declare war.
President Roosevelt proclaimed an
emergency in 1939, which he described
as "limited." Governmental -legal ex-
perts said, however, that there was
no clear distinction between a "limit-
ed" and an "unlimited" emergency,
and that technically the President
could call into force his full powers
in either ca'se. They believed he pro-
claimed a full emergency tonight pri-
marily to emphasize that the situation
was serious.
The President may do these things:
Forbid Federal Reserve Banks to
do business except under Treasury
regulations.
Investigate, regulate or prohibit
transactions in foreign exchange.
Place the coast guard under the
Navy.
Refuse clearance to vessels of a.
belligerent country which discrimin-
ates against American vessels or citi-
zens.
Empower the Federal Power Com-
mission to require temporary connec-

Promises Delivery
Of War Supplies;
Warns Of Danger
By RICHARD L. TURNER
WASHINGTON, May 27.-( P)-Repeatedly warning that America stands
in peril of attack by the Nazis, PresidentRoosevelt tonight proclaimed the
existence of a full national emergency and promised' that all necessary
measures would be taken to deliver war supplies safely to England.
At the safne time, the Chief Executive warned Adolf Hitler that America
will "actively resist his every attempt to gain control of the seas." And he
called upon capital and labor to "merge their minor differences" in the
broader interest of assuring "the survival of the only kind of government
which recognize's the rights of labor or of capital."
On the question of getting aid to England, Mr. Roosevelt said that the
nation's far-flung Atlantic patrols "are helping now to insure delivery" of
Oneeded supplies and that the patrols

To Resist Control Of Seas

tions for the
energy.

transmission of electric

Tripe'Is Offered
By New 'Ensign
For the best in Tripe, readthe 1941
course, for that's only the name of a
satire magazine section within the
yearbook written by two editors of
The Daily and giving a news slant
on campus life and personalities.
Although these men have properly
buried their heads under the sand
it's really too late now, for the 'En-
sian is out and the satire is in black
and white for posterity to judge.
Many have not seen this feature,
nor have they seen the four-color
spreads of the League, the Law Quad-
rangle and the campus walks.
It is for these that the 'Ensian
is holding its office open from 8 a.m.
to 6 p.m. again today to distribute
yearbooks to their purchasers,

PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT
Michigan Band
ToHold Annual
SpringBanquet
The annual spring banquet of the
Michigan Bands will be held at 6:30
p.m. today in the League.
Arthur Hills, '42SM, chairman of
the event, has announced that an
innovation will be made in awarding
a plaque to the most valued members
of the Bands.
Other awards will include those
which will be given for service in the
Bands; namely, a silver witch charm
for one year, a gold watch charm for
two years, a Band M sweater for
three years and a Band M blanket
for four years.
Winers of the Kappa Kappa Psi
honorary' band fraternity's solo and
ensemble contest will be given medah
as an added feature of the dinner.
William D. Revelli, conductor of the
University of Michigan Bands, wil'
name the student staffs which will
assist him next year.

are being steadily augmented.
After stressing that the security of
the western hemisphere was threat-
ened by Hitler's career of conquest,
he, said cryptically:
"We are placing our armed forces
in strategic military position."
These things were contained in a
long awaited address delivered before
a distinguished gathering of the dip-
lomatic representatives of all the
American nations.
The speech also went by short wave
to distant lands, in English and half
a dozen translations.
Text Sent Abroad
It went directly, too, and in full text
to both Berlin and Tokyo. Newspaper-
men representing the German and
Japanese news agencies were waiting
in the White House lobby when, two
hours before its delivery, the text of
the address was given to the pres
The President, seated beneath an
arc of flags of the 21 American re-
publics, spoke in his customary de-
liberate, word-spaced manner. But his
voice rose and his pace grew more
rapid as he several times reached
what appeared to be the principle
message of his address - that it is
Hitler's plan and intent to "strangle
the United States of America," that
the war "is coming very close to
home."
Secretary Hull, chin in hand, sat
almost immediately in front of the
President with Mrs. Roosevelt across
an aisle from him. The Chief Ex-
ecutive, in a white -dinner jacket, sat
in a red velvet chair before a small
mahogany desk littered with micro-
(Highlights of President Roose-
velt's address to the Nation yester-
day will be found on page 2.)
phones, a bottle of water and a glass,
and the leather-botnd loose-leaf
notebook from which he always reads
his prepared speeches.
Presidential Secretary Stephen Ear-
ly, in explanation of Mr. Roosevelt's
words that "all additional measures"
necessary to deliver war supplies to
Britain would be taken, said they did
not mean convoying "in the old sense
of the word,"
"It probably means," Early said,
"a strengthening, a better and more
efficient patrol, with more ships pa-
trolling."
He told reporters he had not dis-
cussed with his chief what powers
might be exercised at once under the
proclamation of a full national emer-
gency. He said he did not know, either,
whether 'any Executive orders might
be 'issued immediately. %
t With his proclamation - of a full-
emergency, Mr. Roosevelt took to
himself extraordinary powers to be
exercised as developments demand.
Limited Emergency
In legal circles it was considered
that most of the power he can wield
could have been exercised under the
"limited emergency" already in effect.
His proclamation was principally
for the purpose of impressing upon
the people a full realization of the
gravity of the present situation.
With emphasis, Mr. Roosevelt
warned that Iceland, Greenland, Lab;
rador, Newfoundland and Nova Scotia
could, under Nazi domination, become
"stepping stones" for an attack upon
the United States itself. In the same

An Answer To Fascism:
Peac Leader Norman Thomas
To Speak on Democracy Today

Indian Backs Britain:

German Victo-ry miuld iBring
Slavery To India, Raman Says

By DAN BEHRMAN
Michigan will hear one of the na-
tion's leaders in the fight for peace
when Norman Thomas speaks at
8:15 p.m. today in the Rackham Am-
phitheatre to give "A Democratic
Answer to War and Fascism."
Thomas, now on a country-wide
lecture tour, is making his second
appearance of the school year in Ann
Arbor. On Oct. 15, he spoke before
the Michigan Forum on "Butter
and Guns."
Originally a Presbyterian minister
in New York's East Harlem district,
Thomas broke with the church to
join the American Union Against
Militarism in 1918. After his anti-
war activities, he jcined the Nation
'as an associate editor in 1922 and
became director of the League for
Industrial Democracy.
In 1928, Thomas received the So-
,,ialis tnomination for President and

By MORTON MINTZ
Political slavery would be but the
"smallest part" of the price India
would have to pay if the calamity of
a Nazi victory 'were to befall the
world, T. A. Raman, a native In-
dian and London editor of the
United Press of India, asserted in a
lecture in the Rackham Building yes-
terday.
Raman, whose talk was sponsored
by the history and political science
departments, maintained that under
the Nazi heel "the united nation we
seek to build would break into a
thousand pieces and between the
cracks would rise the human vermin
which would help to rule India for
Germany.
"That is why," Raman explained,
"India throughout bitterly opposed
Britain's pre-war foreign policy on
the ground that it temporised with
insatiable evil and~ vigorously sup-
ported Mr. Churchill's resolute stand
against aggression."

war, Raman pointed out, are "two
powerful motives, nationalism and
anti-Naziism, which though the world
at large seems to overlook it, is pro-
found and unshakable, not divided by
differences of race or creed."
With this nationalism, Raman
said, "India's war effort continues
apace, and the most extreme leaders
would do nothing materially to preju-
dice it and the country will remain
stable and fifth-column proof what-
ever befalls.
"The problem, therefore, of nation-
alist India can be quite simply put
thus: we want to be free and we do
not want the Nazis to win. Our task
is to reconcile these two factors in
our policy to continuously advance
our nationalist interests consistent
with the overriding necessity of pre-
venting a Nazi victory."
Raman emphasized the influence
of the United States on the problem
of India, contending that "she can

I

Health Service Blames
Cold Germ For Busy Day

One of the busiest Mondays on
record sent 600 students scurrying
into Health Service for examination
and diagnosis of what proved to be

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