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April 30, 1941 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1941-04-30

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THE MICHIGAN DAILY

7X7NIIIX ,SAf, APILU N, 19 41

__________________________________________________________ I U

I

rHE MICHIGAN DAILY

Letters To The Editor.

_N

A'

,I

'U3-

Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or not otherwise credited in this newpaper. All
rights of republication of all other matters herein also
reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by
carrier $4.00; by mail, $4.50.
AEPRESENTED FOR NATIONAL ADVERTIbIN9 BY
National Advertising Service, Inc.,
College Publishers Representative
420 MADISON AVE. NEW YORK. N. Y.
CHICAGO * BOSTON * LO$ ANGELES * SAN FRANCISCO
Member, Associated 6ollegiate Press, 1940-41
Editorial Staff

rvie Haufler
Ain Sarasohn
u1 M. Chandler
ureRce Mascott
ar Kesslert.
lton Orshefsky
iward A. Goldman
mald Wirtchafter
ther Osser
len Corman

. . . Managing Editor
. . . Editorial Director
.. City Editor
Associate Editor
Associate Editor
. . . Associate Editor
* . . Associate Editor
. . . . z8=: Editor
. . . .Womens Editor
. . . Exchange Editor

Business Staff
Business Manager . . .
Assistant Business Manager
Women's Business Manager
Womep's Advertising Manager

Irving ,Guttman
Robert Gilmour
Helen Bohnsack
Jane Krause

NIGHT EDITOR: JEAN SHAPERO
The editorials published in The Michi-
gan Daily are written by members of The
Daily staff and represent phe views of the
writers only.,
The Peace
Rallies .. .
O UT OF ALL THE TALKING and
bickering and "compromising" that
has been going on at Michigan anent a peace
rally, the inevitable has arisen. For the second
time since we have been here it has come about
-that the students who believe fervently in keep-
ing this country out of war could not agree
among themselves on program or speakers. And
so there will again be two peace rallies-one by
the Michigan Anti-War Committee and another
by the Campus Peace Council.
It is true that, as things have turned out, the
two groups will not be pursuing the same course.
The Anti-War Committee is sponsoring a talk by
Senator Burton K. Wheler, who is the outstand-
ing isolationist in the country. His talk will be
the extent of their peace rally, and, so far as
It goes, will further the cause of peace on this
campus in that the Senator will be able to bol-
ster the faith of campus isolationists with the
strength that authority brings.
The Peace Council has not been officially rec-
- ognized, and so will be able to hold its Rally to-
morrow only on non-University property. Its
program will be broader, will have more speakers.
Its leaders intend to make it more certainly the
program of youth against war, it has been said.
AND NOW you may ask why it is that the
two groups could not get together and decide
on one gigantic strike that could have the uni-
fled support of all peace-minded students on
campus. You may ask why it is the old differ-
ences of opinion were allowed to ruin the hoped-
for -unity, and why it is that the old blundering
could not be avoided, so that, one day next week
every Michigan student who was for peace, re-
gardless of his other beliefs, could get out with
his fellows and raise the good loud cry that we
do not want to enter this war. Rightly you may
be puzzled as we are, and wonder what the an-
swers may be, wonder if there are answers.
At any rate, this is the ,state of affairs now,
%nd it appears that there can be no unity. All the
people, believing staunchly in their own particu-
lar credo, never wanting to give in a little, never
willing to concede a point, have held on to their
precious beliefs, even though the voice of anti-
war will suffer from it. And this one fact is
certain-both sides are to blame, both sides-
the Anti-War Committee and the Peace Coun-
oil-are responsible for this silliness, the queer:
state of affairs where peace groups must fight
each other for attendance and adherents.
WE CAN SAY only that the aim of both groups
is a good one, and that if we must fight for
peace in separate groups, then we must, for the
fight is necessary. The object is still good, and,
in reality, we are all struggling for the same
things. Because of this, it is necessary that
both meetings succeed. And if it is true that most
of those who are against war here really hate
war, then those people will attend both meetings.
Conditions here are mixed up, but there is a
good end, and it may be in sight. We only hope
that, when the greater fight for democracy
starts, the quibblers and the purists finally rea-
lie that their belief and crdons ar nt n

ASDL Replies
To the Editor:
The American Student Defense League is
unequivocally opposed to the so-called peace
strike being held on campus on May 1st. Peace
is, of course, something to which all mankind
aspires and for which the ASDL is actively
striving but the committee sponsoring the stxike
are damning all and any aid to England and,
consciously or unconsciously, are aiding Fascism.
THIS SO-CALLED PEACE COMMITTEE is
betraying a pledge that it recognized in 1936
when its call read-"War anywhere means war
everywhere-stop the aggressor." In 1937, the
same group urged students to realize that "Fas-
cism breeds War and increases the danger of
world war." In 1938, the betrayal of Loyalist
Spain was protested because it gave Fascism the
chance for world domination. And again on
July 5, 1940, the secretary of the American
Youth Congress, Frances Williams, said, "The
advance of the Hitler conquest in Europe, the
willingness of many highly placed Europeans to
betray their countries into Hitler's hands makes
it imperative for us to face the question of this
country's defense against Fascism and reaction."
The strike committee refuses to recognize the
inescapable conclusions to be drawn.' Today
they are urging the American students and peo-
ple to refuse aid to, those countries fighting
against the Hitler menace. In the same breath,
however, they argue for all aid to Chirfa because
China is fighting the aggressor, fascist Japan.
Contradictory, to say the least.
THE American Student Defense League pro-
tests this strike because it is not a strike for
peace but a part of the appeasement policy that
was so prominent in the downfall of almost all
Europe. As Joseph P. Lash, originator of this
dramatic protest against war, said in an article
in SOS, publication of the Student Defenders of
Democracy with which the ASDL is affiliated,
"No sophistry can mitigate the basic fact that
to strike against American aid to England and
Greece, is to help a victory for Hitler."
The ASDL squarely rests its program for peace
and democracy on a dynamic and vigorous at-
tack upon Fascism both abroad and at home.
We maintain the necessity for the preservation
and extension of academic and civil liberties
and are firmly opposed to any abridgement of
the rights of labor. We believe in an expanded
national defense, in addition to and not in the
place of social services, N.Y.A. housing, educa-
tion, W.P.A., etc. We are in firm agreement
with the administration's policy of all material
aid to nations resisting aggression, Great Brit-
ain, China and Greece.
WE PROTEST the betrayal of youth that the
so-called peace group has embarked upon,
the betrayal of their promises made at the World
Youth Congress in August, 1938, and again at
the American Youth Congress in July, 1939,
when the keynote speech put forth this policy:
"As unchecked and successful invasion contin-
ues, the walls of democracy close in. As human
dignity is plowed under by the armies marching
through Europe and Asia, the banner of bru-
talitarian dictatorship is carried toward America.
Italian and German army missions with air and
naval bases at their command are already well
established in South America. We cannot con-
sider our duties complete until our Government
becomes a leading force for peace, and the vast
economic-as well as diplomatic-power of the
nation is placed squarely on the side of world
law and order, on the side of civilization threat-
ened with destruction."
'The mis-named peace committee has repu-
diated its pledge and betrayed its promises. But
the students and youth of America are as firm
today as ever that the forces of dictatorship and
oppression will be stopped here and abroad.
Martin B. Dworkis, Grad., President,
American Student Defense League
Strikers' Position
To the Editor:
6 In view of a certain amount of confusion
caused by Daily stories today, the Campus Peace
Council should like to make the following points
clear:
1. The Council was formed after a delegation
arrived back from the Harvard Conference for
Democracy in Education. At the first meeting

BEFORE VACATION, May 1 was decided upon.
Later, after vacation, May 5 was announced by
the Anti-War Committee as the only time that
a speaker (Sen. Wheeler) whom they were in-
viting, could come. When at a subsequent meet-
ing 70 persons (Who came to the meeting in the
Union which was called by the Council) passed
a motion to go on with strike plans for May 1,
the Anti-War Committee walked out of the room.
They refused to cooperate unless an evening
meeting at which Wheeler spoke alone and at
which no program would be issued were approved
by the Council.
2. The majority of people in the Council
were left with the impression that recognition
had been sought from the University even before
vacation. It turns out, according to Dean Burs-
ley, that no such request was ever made. This
is not strange in view of the fact that the indi-
viduals in charge of that task have since left
the Council. We are at a loss to explain the con-
duct of these individuals or why the University
was not informed of a motion asking for recog-
nition which was passed at the meeting before
vacation.
3. Up to this point over 500 students have en-
dorsed the Council petition for the right to
recognition\ and the right to hold a peace strike.
r-n "Onn ar v-r renr.qnaivP hnth m w

the issues are immediate and can brook no delay.
The course advocated by Dean Bursley would in
effect make a peace strike held by students on
this campus impossible before the end of May
-which is an impossible time in view of
the close of school, to say, nothing of the
burning fact that an AEF is almost on us. Fur-
thermore, there is no assurance that the Council
would be recognized; and if it were recognized
we have no guarantee that the strike would be
approved in time for effective action.
6. We feel that it is regrettable that so many
outside groups may always use Union rooms and
that 70 students should have been turned away
after meeting there twice before for the same
purpose. But we are happy to say that there
are a large number of determined students who
want to act against war NOW-and this is the
most important and significant fact.
- Campus Peace Council
Defends Stand
To the editor:
Recently I contributed a letter to this column
condemning Touchstone's bad taste in writing
such sentences as "There's a rather unpleasant,
short word for you Mr. President Roosevelt, and
though I can't print it, you can't stop me from
thinking" . . . and "but what the hell, since
when have the people been running this coun-
try?" For that criticism I have been accused
of advocating a "clear cut support for packing
the Board in Control of Student Publication
thereby directly challenging free speech on the
Michigan campus."
IF MY CRITICS will take the time to reread my
letter they will find no such "clear cut sup-
port" for destruction of free speech. The strong-
est statement in that entire letter was "I am
TEMPTED to say that Touchstone's recent col-
umn answers the question of packing with a re-
sounding Yes." If that opening sentence is tied
together with the contents and conclusion of
my letter it is difficult to twist it into meaning
an advocacy for arbitrary "appointment of a
Daily staff with views on public policy akin to
my own."~
As a matter of fact I had urged the general
student body, at campus election time, to adopt
the democratic technique of the exceedingly
vociferous but numerically inferior Michigan
radical. In that way I thought that we could
guarantee that next year's Daily would be more
representative of student and public opinion.
Certainly one has the right to appeal to the
numerically superior moderate and conservative
elements to vote for student members that will
really represent the campus at large.
IT TAXES, WHAT EL SERANO CALLS, my
"bird-brain mind" to discover when and
where I have ever said that "the Daily writers
must not criticize the Roosevelt Administration."
That is a falsehood. My letter specifically called
attention to the desirability of constructive criti-
cism.
And contrary to my critics I do not believe that
that the Daily is managed by a Communist. I
count Hervie Haufler, the editor, as one of my
best friends. Many are the midnight bull ses-
sions in which we have discussed institutions.
True, for the moment, we do not see eye to eye
on the aid to Britain program. Nevertheless, I
was one of the first to come to his defense when
he was temporarily suspended for defending the
dismissed Communists' right to present their
case to the student body last fall.
I ALSO KNOW several staff members of The
Daily. I respect the intellectual powers of
each; I know them for their high sense of re-
sponsibility to their tasks as students. Each de-
sires to build a more just economic world fo
the underprivileged. With this I do not find
fault. But I do disagree with their method of
achieving this new world through one of several
collectivistic approaches. I also disagree with
their conclusions that this is just another war o
English imperialism or that there is little to
choose between the evils of the British Empire
and the tyranny or revolutionary Nazism and
Communism. In this matter I am supported by
an overwhelming majority of the American
people.

Therefore it has been my contention that a
student paper which has a monopoly hold on
campus news distribution has certain respon-
sibilities. In this regard I subscribe to Pro-
fessor Benson's conclusion that The Daily
should not be run or manned exclusively by the
faculty, the administration, or a SPECIAL STU-
DENT CLIQUE. The staff writings and editorials
should represent the varied beliefs of the entire
campus.
AT THE PRESENT TIME we have no ACTIVE5
Daily writer defending the foreign policy
of the Democratic and Republican standard
bearers; nor do we have a writer in sympathy
with the declared policy of the nation, as en-
acted into law in the form of the Lend-Lease
Bill. Under such circumstances do my critics
think me too demanding in asking that we have
one, out of many staff writers, to represent our
point of view?
I agree with my critics' conception of the
proper function of an editorial page of a campus
newspaper. And for that reason I contend that
when the composition of that staff is chosen
more care should be taken to fairly represent
ALL student opinion. The Communists will not
like this because they would like to have free
,... -..- 4 - 1. . - 1 . - - -. . . x1 . .- -

FIRE and WAT ER
By MASCOTT
"WE LECTURE on navigation while is imbedded deeply in the hearts off can also be used as a tool to aid so-
the ship is going down." all American youth - we need the ciety and thus aid himself, that the
wholehearted aid of technicians and engineer as well as all other groups
And on this very fine Spring after- engineers; we need the support of and professions owes a debt to so-
noon, as we write our third or next lawyers to lend spirit to the law and ciety that he can only repay by work-
'to the last column, it is that idea help make it the functional protec- ing for society."In short, the engineer
which seems best to describe our four tion of the people; we need coopera- has no consciousness of society, of
years of education here at the Uni- tion of the. social scientists who will humanity, of the necessity (if demo-
versity. consult each other in seeking solu- cracy is to mean anything) to use
Of course, that criticism cannot tions to the realistic problems of each that slide rule as a tool to be devoted
only be levelled against the University other's fields and then indicate their to the interests of the group and the
of Michigan. We here are not unique. conception of American policy. nation and in that way to attain his
The accusation applies as equally and own greater happiness.
as justifiably to every university and PECIFICALLY, if democracy is
college in the country - and to every to have any meaning, if de- O TOO the lawyer. In American
high school. mocracy is to have any future, we jurisprudence, too often we have
must educate our youth to be so- found the law to be the device to
LECTURE on navigation while cially conscious, we must learn the hinder democracy and progress, that
the ship is going down." principle of "enlightened self-in- our lawyers have been educated to
terest," we must learn that greater use the law not in the service, of
In this year of Our Lord, 1941, de- happiness for the individual lies in the nation but in the interests of
mocracy is facing its greatest struggle, creating greater happiness for the those groups with the economic power
both internally and externally, for its people as a whole. In that accomr to make law a rationalization of their
very existence. And the very forces plishment lies democracy's future; power and a protection of it. "Due
of fascism, both Hitlerian and Ameri- in the failure to accomplish that process," for example, has not meant
can, have defined that democracy for lies the indictment of the Univer- a protection of the rights of the
us. By their very anti-humanism, sity of 'Michigan and current Amer- "small man," the people, but rather
they have shown that democracy's es- ican education; that is what we a dodge behind which the great cor-
sence is humanism. By their nihilism, mean by "We lecture on naviga- porations could maintain their un-
by their lust for power for power's tion while the ship (democracy) justifiable power. We have produced
sake, they have shown that democra- is going down." countless Sutherlands, Van Devanters
cy's role is that of curbing power ..* * and McReynolds, but'very few Bran-
(and the greatest power in our society But let us be concrete. We know deises. And in the same way that the
is economic). By their denial of rights that here at the University of Michi- engineers do not see that they must
to the individual, the fascists have gan one of the most conservative use their technical training in the
shown that democracy must provideta groups is that mass of s"udents known interests of society, so too the law-
greater equality of opportunity for all as engineers. They are conservative yers do not use their knowledge of
individuals and that great individual not in their political philosophies (for the law to further democracy rather
liberty lies not in 'the suppression of that is not our definition of conserva- than obstruct it.
social legislation but rather in its cre- tive) but in the sense that they are
ation to curb the unbridled economic not conscious that real democracy WE SHALL NOT COMMENT, nci-
power that suppresses us all, means the active participation of all dentally, on legal ethics as they
In short, we can conclude (and the its citizens in every phase of demo- are practiced. We, shall comment,
consensus of opinion at Spring Parley cratic life. Generally, our more per- however, that we are traning corp-
reached this conclusion) that demo- fect democracy must mean a return oration lawyers rather than vigilant
cracy's destiny lies in the creation of t eAotaconcpt of t it protectors of the people and thus we
a new world based upon a more real to the Aristotean concept the citcomplete are training a nation to be cynical
freedom for the individual - freedom activity and interest in the state but of the law when the very love of the
of speech and press by giving the in- not suppression by the state. law and what it should represent are
dividual the economic power to ex- essential to democracy.
press himself - liberty, by removing THE ENGINEER at the University **
the oppression and inconsistencies of of Michigan has been given his That why we repeat: "We lecture
unrestrained capitalism. In the cre- slide rule as a tool to aid himself in on navigation while the ship is going
ation of that new world - and we the shaping of his own life. He has down." 'We shall return to an analy-
believe that the vision of such a world not been informed that the slide rule sis of our social scientists later.
DAILY OFFICIALBULLETIN.

E
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s
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f
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(Continued from Page 3)
Center. Members as well as all otherl
Polish students are asked to attend.
The League House Council will meet
at 8:00 tonight in the League. Both
the Regular Representative and the
Athletic Manager from each house
are asked to be present. Substitutes
should be sent if either is unable to
attend.
Michilodeon: The rehearsal dates
for the Friday and Saturday night
Michilodeon programs are as follows :
Tonight, 7:30, Barbour - Friday
show.
Thursday night, 7:30, Barbour-
Friday show dress rehearsal.
Saturday afternoon, 2:30, Barbour
-Saturday show dress rehearsal.
The following fraternities and sor-
tions have a right to strongly resent
Touchstone's ridiculous statement
that the people have never run this
country.
It has been said that I have an
'apparently naive understanding of
the structure of the American econ-
omy." As an undergraduate at the
Northwestern University School of
Commerce I majored in corporation
finance. I have had three years of
legal training here at Michigan. Af-
ter all this I hope that I can truth-
fully say that I have at least a sur-
face understanding of the intricate
structure that makes up otir econ-
omy. In my own egotistical opinion
I feel better equipped to discuss such
questions than those sociology or
psychology majors who are so very
free in their economic analysis of
our free enterprise structure. As a
matter of fact many of them are
criticizing a system that they do not
even remotely understand.
)FTEN IN THE PAST I have
stated that the free enterprise
system was still short of giving us
the perfect democracy. Anyone who
has dipped into the exhaustive
TNEC reports realizes that there is
a strong tendency for Americans to
become disenfranchiseddtenants and
clerks instead of landowners and
shopkeepers. This undoubtedly is
affecting the former political inde-
pendence of the average citizen. But
many people feel as I do that if we
can only destroy Hitlerism and re-
store law and order in the field of
international trade relations America
can adequately correct, its own ills.
Certainly that is preferable to the
tyranny of an ordered -and planned
society visualized by the Reds.
Space does not permit me to re-
open the aid to Britain controversy.

orities will participate in the Friday
show: Phi Gamma Delta, Pi Beta
Phi, Alpha Chi Omega, Alpha Tau
Omega. Theta Delta Chi, Kappa
Alpha Theta and Alpha Gamma
Delta will participate in the Satur-
day show.
The Ann Arbor Library Club will'
meet tonight at 7:45, in Hutchins
Hall.
The topic "What is the purpose of
a local (Library Club?" will be discus-
sed by members of each of the lo-
cal Library Clubs. Dr. Hobart Cof-
fey will preside as chairman.
pitch and Putt: There will be in-
struction from 4:30 to 6:00 this after-
noon at Palmer Field.
Michigan Dames: The Book Group
will meet at the home of Mrs. E.
R. Townsley, 801 Sylvan, this eve-
ning at 8:00.
All Episcopal Students: There will
be a celebration of the Holy Com-
munion in the Bishop Williams Mem-
orial Chapel today at 7:30 a.m.
First Presbyterian Church will have
is 115th Annual Meeting at 6:00 to-
night. Dramatic Episodes; music by
the chancel choir.
Coming Events
Phi Kappa Phi: Spring initiation
and dinner for new members will be
held Thursday, May 1, at 6:15 p.m.,
in the Ballroom of the Michigan Lea-
gue. Mr. Kenneth Morgaf, Director
of the Student Religious Association,
will give the address on the subject,

"An Age of Indecision." All members'
of Phi Kappa Phi are invited to at-
tend. Reservations may be made by
calling. University extension 594 or
the Michigan League, 2-3251.
Graduate History Club Meeting on
Thursday, May 1, at 8:00 p.m. in the
Michigan Historical Collections of the
Rackham Bldg. The topic to be dis-
cussed will be "Some Unfinished
Business." Prof. V. W. Crane will
discuss American colonial history;
Prof. A. S. Aiton, Hispanic American;
Prof. P. A. Thropp, medieval; and
Prof. S. g. Scott, English.. All stu-
dents in history who are interested
are invited. Note change ip room.
"Importance of Being Earnest":
The class in the Oral Interpretation
of Modern Drama (Speech 164) will
read the principal parts of Oscar
Wilde's "The Importance of Being
Earnest" Thursda, May 1, from 3:00
to 4<30 p.m. in room 302 Mason Hall.
Visitors are invited to attend this
class program.
French Play: The 35th annual
French Play "Le~ Jeu de 1'Amour et
du Hasard", by Marivaux, will be pre-
sented by members of The Cercle
Francais at The Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre Friday, May 2, 8:30 p.m.
The general public is cordially in-
vited: tickets on sale at the Theatre
Thursday and Friday.
Michigan Dames: The Art Group
will have a Potluck Picnic Supper at
the home of Mrs. Weller, 1130 Fair
Oaks Parkway, at 6:30 p.m. on Thurs-
day, May 1.

I

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