Fifty Years Of Continuous Publication
Not Labor's Fault .
VOL. LI. No. 131 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN,' WEDNESDAY, APRIL 2, 1941 Z-323
PRICE FIVE CENTS
Teacher Wins Over Problem'Bo y
Army Steadily Increasing;
Delegation Of Neutrality
Is Seriously Considered
With Turkey And Russia
(By The Associated Press)
BELGRADE, April 1.-Additional
thousands of Serbs, Croats, Bosnians
and Montenegrans poured into the
cities of Yugoslavia tonight to join
the army as popular indignation
flared in response to a German press
and radio campaign against this king-
With German relations in an ex-
treme condition, government circles
reported that Yugoslavia, Turkey and
Soviet Russia were seriously consid-
ering a joint neutrality delegation
aimed at producing the strongest pos-
sible psychological effect.
Railway stations throughout the
country, however, were jammed with
foreigners of a dozen nationalities,
all frantic to be on their way. Troops
with fixed bayonets stood guard to
enforce a government order against
panicky evacuation by Yugoslav citi-
Most Yugoslavians heeded Premier
Dusan Simovic's stern warning to
stay at home and prepare to defend
their country with their lives if need
be, but trains to the south have been
jammed in the last few days with
both refugees and soldiers.
The government issued a restrained
denial of German charges that ter-
rorism had been unleashed against
Sigma Rho Tau Inducts
Thirty-three freshmen were init-
iatedinto Sigma Rho Tau, honorary
engineering speech society, at a meet-
trig of the organization last night in
Among those inducted was E. Marie
Sinclair, the first woman ever initiat-
ed by the speech group.
The other initiates were Karle Beu,
Ralph Beuhler, LeRoy S. Brooks,
Jack W. Brown, William Buffington,
J.'Robert Dangl, Murray Dates, Car-
al L. DePriester, Richard Drutowski,
Karl Fredericksen and Reid Garver.
The list continues with Millard F.;
Griffiths, Robert Harvey, Robert G.
Heinrich, Paul R. Hildebrandt, Nor-
man C. Jimerson, Edmund H. Merz,
Wesley Miles, Harry Miller, Jr.,
Thomas Mueller and Leslie W. Parr.
The remaining new initiates in-
clude Robert J. Patton, Randall R.
Rockwood, Robert F. Royce, Josef
Slowik, Richard Spath, Hyman
Sterngold, Rodney A. Stiling, S. Che
Tang, Mitchell W. Vail, David B.
Wehmeyer and Wuin Wright.
To Convene Today'
More than 400 alumni of the Dental
School are expected here today for
their annual homecoming affair of
talks and discussions on problems
and techniques of the dental profes-
Dr. Stanley Tylman will speak at
10 a.m. in the Rackham Amphithe-
atre on "The Newer Uses of the Acry-
lic Resins in Dentistry, and Their
This will be followed by a lunch-
eon at the Union where Brig.-Gen.
Leigh C. Fairbanks of the United
States Army Dental Corps will ad-
dress the alumni
Shown above in a scene from "Remember the Day," which Play
Production is opening tonight in the Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre for a
four-day run, are Ollierae Bilby, '41, and Joseph Lynn, '42.
Miss Bilby as a school teacher, Nora Trinnell, is just beginning to
make friends with Lynn, who plays Dewey Roberts, the worst boy in
the class. Because of her knowledge of ships, a subject in which he
is tremendously interested, she is able to win his confidence.
The play is the last of the current year for Play Production, and is
directed by Frederic O. Crandall, of the Department of Speech. Tickets
are now selling at the Lydia Mendelssohn box office for 75c, 50c and 35c.
Tau Beta Pi Initiates Eighteen
Junior, Two Senior, Engineers
Announced By Yoakum,
Also Smaller Awards
Announcement was made by Dr.
Clarence, S. Yoakum, Dean of th~e
Horace H. Rackham School for Grad-
uate Studies, of the following fellow-
shipsl and scholarships which have
Predoctoral Fellowships of $1,000
each to: Theodore Berlin, Brooklyn,
N.Y.; Helen W. Black, Grosse Point
Park; James M. Lafferty, Kalama-
zoo; Robert M. Muir, Laramie, Wyom-
ing; Guy H. Orcutt, Wyandotte;
Frank G. Ryder, Hopkins, Minnesota;
(Famee) Lorene Shisler, Tiffen,
Ohio; Philip M. Stehle, Stowe Ver-
mont; Chad Walsh, Ann Arbor; Max
A. Woodbury, Salt Lake City, Utah.
University Fellowships amounting
to approximately $500 each to: Eu-
gene H. Beach, Milford; William M.
Boothby, Charleston; Urie Bronfen-
brenner, Flushing, N.Y.; Douglas S.
Brown, Ann Arbor; Fred R. Cagle,
Carbondale, fill.; Helen W. Collar,
Mason; Harold S. Courant, Batavia,
N.Y.; William M. Cruickshank, Birm-
ingham; James S. Duesenberry, Dal-
las, Texas; Samuel J. Eldersveld, Mus-
kegon; Albert A. Grau, Grand Rapids;
and Loyal A. T. Gryting, Bowling
Also, Phillip M. Harris, Tulsa, Ok-
lahoma; William A. Hiltner, Contin-
ental, Ohio; William E. Humphrey,
Detroit; Harold S. Kemp, Ishpeming;
Arthur Klein, Carbondale, Pa.; Wil-
liam D. Knight, Beloit, Wis.; Samuel
Kushner, Auburn, N.Y.; Murray M.
Lipschitz, Newark, -N.J.; Fakhri B.
Maluf, Beirut, Syria; Floyd C. Mann,
Iowa City, Iowa; and Dorothy I. Mar-
quart, Benton Harbor.
Also, Kenneth Millar, Waterloo,
Ont.; Carroll J. Peirce, New Orleans,
La.; Pieter J. Rabie, Koffiefontein,
Union of South Africa; Eugene Rab-
inowitch, Detroit; Vernon W. Roelofs,
Raymand, Minn.; Albert G. 'Selke,
Grand Forks, N. Dakota; William
Spoelhof, Ann Arbor; David M. Stock-
ing, Detroit; Cheng Kwei Tseng, Kul-
angsu; China, Morris Weitz, Detroit;
John Wynstra, Grand Rapids.
University Scholarships with a sti-
pend equivalent to first- and second-
semester fees to: Dorothy E. Adams,
New York, N.Y.; Norman O. W.
Adams, Jr., Portsmouth, Va.; Lynn
U. Albers, Denver Colo.; Selma Baker,
(Continued on Page 2)
Beauty Contest Off .
Eighteen juniors and two seniors
in the College of Engineering were
initiated into Tau Beta Pi, scholastic
honorary society, at the organiza-
tion's semi-annual induction banquet
last night in the Union.
At the samve time honorary badges1
were presented to Virginia Frey, '42E,
and Tenho Sihvonen, '41E, making
them the fourth and fifth women
in the country to become associate
members of the society.
Principal speaker' at the dinner was
Assistant Dean Alfred H. Lovell, who
gave an illustrated address discus-
Pan-Americanism has not achieved
defense of the Western Hemisphere
or created proper economic condi-
tions in any of the 21 nations, the
University affirmative composed of
Matthew Zipple, '42Ed, and Phillip
Levi '41, argued in the varsity debate
with Morris Brown College yester-
Robert Brown and L. Sylvester
Odon representing the Atlanta school
argued that the permanent union ad-
vocated by the affirmative for the
Western Hemisphere was impracti-
cal and has many disadvantages.
Social and cultural differences, fun-
demental antagonisms and the exis-
tenct of non-democratic nations
among the Latin American countries
would hinder such a project the nega-
tive maintained. The very existence
of these disadvantages should form
the incentive to create a permanent
union, the University. affirmative
Free trade within the hemisphere
would bring about the reallocation of
resources, greater military safety for
the United States, and a better stand-
ard of living throughout the Amer-
icas. These were the advantages
claimed by the affirmation for their
sing several hydroelectric plants
which have been built by the govern-
ment in the south and the northwest.
Those who were initiated were
Charles B. Armstrong, '42E, of Grosse.
Pointe; Arthur W. Clifford, '42E, of
Schenectady, N. Y.; George D. Got-
schall, '42E, of Cleveland Heights.
port, and Harper H. Hull, '42E, of
Ohio; Grant E. Hagen, '42E, of North-
Others were Thomas R. Kohler,
'42E, of Royal Oak; Joseph O. Lee,
'42E. of Nanaimo, British Columbia,
Can.; Philip Mandel, '42E, of Nor-
wich, Conn.; Robert E. Miller, '42E,
of Bradford, Pa., and Kenneth M.
Nelson, '42E, of Westfield. N.J.
The list continues with Ray B.
Powell, '42E, of Lewiston, N. Y.; John
S. Pierson, '41E, of Saginaw; Ger-
aid Stern. '42E, of Ann Arbor; Nor-
man C. Taylor, '42E, of Elmira, N.Y.,
and Ray A. Tritlen,''42E, of Utica,
Lloyd Vroman, '42E, of Alpena;
Robert T. Wallace, '42E, of Rochester,
N.Y.; Donald R. Whitney, '42E, of
Trenton. N.J.; Alexander C. Willkie,
42E, of Port Waschington, N. Y., and
Leon R: Wosika, '41E, of El Paso,
Tex., conclude the list of initiates.
Glee Club Soloist
For Glee Club
Erwin Scherdt and Jack Osse-
waarde will be soloists of the annual
spring concert of the Varsity Glee
Club at 8:15 tomorrow in Hill Audi-
Scherdt, a student of voice under
Hardin Van Dursen of the University
School of Music, will take the solo
part of "Ballad for Americans" and
will sing another solo, "Whene'er
You Walk," by Hendel. Scherdt, who
resides in Ann Arbor, has become
well-known through radio, recital,
concert and church appearances. He
is soloist in the First Presbyterian
Ossewaarde, the accompanist and
assistant director of the glee club,
will be heard in piano improvisations
on any theme that the audience se-
lects. He is a graduate student in
the School of Music and organist and
choirmaster of the First Baptist
Under the direction of Prof. David
Mattern, the club will sing a diver-
sified program of male chorus works.
Senior Class es
Sale of commencement announce-
ments will be continued today by
four of the University's senior classes.
The announcements contain a list of
University officers, a schedule of the
commencement ceremonies and the
names of all students graduated.
Orders will be taken today by class
representatives at the following
L.S.A.: Angell Hall Lobby, 9 to 12,
School .of Education: First floor
University High School, 1:30 to 4:00.
School of Music: Burton Memorial
School of Architecture and Design:
Representative will see each senior
To Leave Factory
Thomas Calls Strike At 12:15 A.M. Today
Following Partial Work Stoppage
DETROIT, April 2.-(Wednesday)-(P)-The United Automobile
Workers (CIO) early today declared a strike had been authorized at the
Ford Motor Company's giant Rouge plant at suburban Dearborn.
The announcement was made at 12:15 a.m. by R. J. Thomas, presi-
dent of the UAW-CIO, following a partial work stoppage at the Rouge
plant which had tied up production last night.
"The International Union of the United Automobile Workers has au-
thorized a strike of all workers at the River Rouge plant of the Ford Motor
Company," Thomas said.
"The strike is to take effect at once."
Thomas said all workers had been notified to leave the Rouge plant
and report to the union's Ford office to prepare for picket duty.
Meanwhile, at a downtown hotel Gov. Murray D. Van Wagoner said he
had received "assurance" from Michael F. Widman, Jr., chairman of the
with UAW-CIO Ford organizational
drive, that "the men will be out of the
Date Sq ds plant within the next hour."
The governor said he did not know
Leave Today whether it was "physically possible"
for the men-estimated by union of-
" ficial at 20,000-to leave the various
ForConvention divisions of the Ford plants within
an hour's ftime, but added "that's
E t eAt the way it was put to me."
Eight Students Will Attend Gov. Van Wagoner was called early
National Conference last night by Dearborn city officials
f Delta Sigma Rho who requested state troopers to evac-
Rho uate from the plant between 7,000
Four women and four men of the andb8,000 workers, whom they de-
two varsity debate squads will leave scribeasit-downhtrikers.
today to attend the annual national At the time of the strike order, only
Delta Sigma Rho Student Congress the fountry and part of the dye shop
to be held at the Stevens Hotel in were operating.
Chicgo te net for das. Thomas' statement said in part:
Chicgo te nxt fur dys."Declaration of the strike at this
Jean Maxted, '41, Mary Martha time was forced on the union by the
Taylor, '41, Judy de Cordova, '41, FordMotor Company, which has for
and Janet Grace, '41, will be the rep- months, up until yesterday (Tuesday)
resentatives of the varsity women's engaged in deliberate and continuous
squad and Arthur Biggins, '41, Wil- effort to'prevent adjustment of the
liam Muehl, '41, Erwin Bowers, '41, Ford Workers' grievances through
and John Huston, '41, of the men's means of conferenceand conciliation.
teams will also attend. "The company has placed every
The group will participate in a obstacle in the way of an immediate
legislative assembly and in commit- labor election, although it is obvious
tees which will form sills on national that the UAW-CIO speaks for the
defense and housing. The't bills will overwhelming majority of its em-
be sent to a joint conference com- ployes.
mittee and debated in the main as-"On Tuesday the Ford Motor Com-
sembly that will resemble a legis- pany deliberately discharged the
lative session. chosen spokesman of the Rouge work-
Accompanied by Prof. Kenneth ers. It falsely ascribed to the Rouge
Hance of the speech department, the workers the attempt to carry on a
delegation will attend the official
dinner and two luncheons given for sit-down strike. It flouted the re-
quest of the Federal government,
the students attending from more state and county governments, as well
than 40 colleges, as .of the union that leaders of the
Miss Taylor and Miss Maxted will UAW-CIO be permitted to enter the
participate in the John Marshall Law Rouge plant to request the workers
School roundtable Saturday over sta- to leave."
The queen is dead. Long live the
And at Michigan, too. Members of
the 'Ensian editorial board were
obliged to announce yesterday that
their proposed contest, to select a
campus beauty had been cancelled.
"Technical difficulties" were named
by Editor John Cory, '41, as the rea-
son for the sudden change of plans.
Presidential Seizure Of' Axis Ships
Termed Legal By Professor Pre ass
By EMILE GELE
There is no doubt of the legality
of the President's recent seizure of
foreign vessels according to United
States law, and there is enough pre-
cedent to indicate that the seizure
is legal by international law, Prof.
Lawrence Preuss of the political sci-
ence department, asserted in an in-
Reminding that the United States
is in an official state of emergency,
Professor Preuss cited the Act of 1917
now being enforced, which states:
"Whenever the President by procla-
tion or Executive order declares a
national emergecy to exist by reason
of actual or threatened war . . . the
Secretary of the Treasury may ..
if necessary in his opinion in order
to secure such vessels from damage
or injury, or to prevent damage or
ed States with Prussia in 1799 which
has been taken over by Germany and
is still in force.
The treaty provides that in time
of war or urgent necessity vessels of
the contracting parties may be re-
quisitioned by the other nation pro-
viding there is equitable indemnity.
Professor Preuss observed that Bis-
marck in 1871 justified the seizure
of British vessels by saying, "The
case was one of necessity which even
in time of peace may render the em-
ployment of foreign property admis-
sible if proper indemnity is paid."
And the British concurred with this
decision, he said.
"The right of angary permits a
nation at war to requisition a foreign
private vessel in case of necessity on
the payment of adequate compensa-
tion." Professor Preuss declared. "and
lated the Kellogg Pact by engaging
in a war of aggression, Professor
"The United States is justified in
retaliating to prior illegal acts com-
mitted by the Axis nations," he said,
"and although the nations protested
as expected, they have set precedents
themselves -on which the United
States can form a good case."
Some observers believe the seizure
may be to prevent sabotage of Axis
vessels for the purpose of obstructing
United States ports and possibly the
Panana Canal, Professor Preuss stat-
"But it is more likely that the ves-
sels may be used in sending sup-
plies to Britain," he declared.
He pointed out that in 1918 the
United States seized Norwegian and
Danish vessels in American norts
tion WJJD on the subject of censor-
ship of the press.
Aaron Moyer, '43, was elected to the
presidency of the Hillel Council at a
joint meeting of the old Council and
the incoming members elected Friday
at the Foundation late yesterday.
Robert Warner, '43, was named
vice-president and Janet Crone, '43,
was elected to serve as secretary for
the coming year.
Beverly Cohen, '42, newly elected
president of the Hillel Players, the
president of Avukah, and the editor
of the Hillel News automatically take
seats on the Council.
The new council includes Lois Ar-
nold, '43; Janet Crone, '43; Dorothy
Davidson, '43; Naomi Ellias, '42; Syl-
via Forman, '42; Jack Lewin-Ep-
stein, '42; Herbert London, '43; Ro-
bert Morrison, '43; Aaron Moyer, '42;
Samuel Rosen, '44; Robert Unger, '43;
Hadassah Yanich, '42SM.
Three new members were named to
the Council at the meeting last night
through the power of appointment
which allows the new Council to se-
lect three, added members. Those
named were Urie Brofenbrenner,
Grad., Martin Dworkis, Grad., and
Gloria Donen, '43.
A m -.-rnrT flU VfV fl 1
Alllis-Chalmers Pl ant
Will Close Today
MILWAUKEE, April 1.-()-The
Allis-Chalmers Manufacturing Plant,
scene of a three hour battle between
the police and strikers in which 48
were injured today, will cease produc-
tion tomorrow at the request of Gov-
ernor Julius Heil.
The order closing the plant-which
had been reopened Friday at the re-
quest of government officials to speed
production on $45,000,000 in defense
orders-came following the second
outbreak of" violence in the 70-day
strike of a CIO local.
Governor Heil simultaneously an-
nounced that he had wired President
Roosevelt that a "mob had created
disorders beyond the control of all
peace officers which can be assembled
by the combined forces of the state,
county and city."
Elsa Maxwell, society's favorite
hostess, proved her mettle as a great
entertainer last night as she con-
vulsed an Ann Arbor audience with
her address on "'The Science of
Deserihina' her life from birth in
Former 'Man Hater' Has Baby Girl
Another potential "man-hater" has been born in Ann Arbor.
She is seven-pound Karnen Phillips Almdale, born at the Univer-