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March 30, 1941 - Image 7

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The Michigan Daily, 1941-03-30

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., ,


Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer session.
Member of theAssociated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
It or not otherwise credited in this newpaper. All
tights of republication of all other matters herein also
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by
carrier $4.00; by mail, $4.50.
National Advertising Service. Inc.
College Pubhlishers Representative
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1940-41

Editorial Staff

Hervie Hauf lr
Alvin Sarasohn
Paul M. Chandler
Karl Kessler
Milton Orshefaky
Howard A. Goldman
Laurence Mascott
Donald Wirtchafter
Esther Osser
Helen Corman

Managing Editor
Editorial Director
. . . . City Editor
. . . Associate Editor
Associate Editor
Associate Editor
. . . Associate Editor
. . A . Sports Editor
. . . .Women's Editor
. . . Exchange Editor

Business Staff
Business Manager .
Assistant Business Manager
Women's Business Manager
Women's Advertising Manager

Irving Guttman
Robert Gilmour
Helen Bohnsack
Jane Krause

The editorials published in The Michi-
gan Daily are written by members of The
Daily staff and represent the views of the
writers only.
Co-Op Conference
Convenes Here . .
operative Conference began here in
Ann Arbor yesterday. Quietly, without much
ado, delegates from consumers' cooperatives all
over the state of Michigan registered yesterday
at the Union, then proceeded to examine the
campus' famous system of cooperative living
In the- af4rnoon they attended parleys on
problems besetting cooperatives. They discussed
technical-sounding subjects, like "Problems in
Organization of Cooperatives," and "Specific
Problems in Management of Cooperatives."
THE DELEGATES all attended the meetings
and took notes avidly. Managers of coopera-
tive stores, members of cooperative living houses
in Detroit, labor union officials, campus co-op
representatives, farm co-op members, coopera-
tive gas station delegates and men organizing
cooperative communities, all attended the meet-
ings - and they took notes.
This is no ordinary Ann Arbor convention. The
conference, held under the sponsorship of the
University of Michigan Intercooperative Coun-
cil, follows directly the Rochdale Principles of
Consumer Cooperation, one of which is that co-
operatives must expand constantly.
are exchanged from co-op to co-op - ideas
for improvement, ideas that may help other
cooperatives. There is no competition between
the organizations but a spirit of friendship in-
So when the cooperatives have a convention, it
is more than just an occasion to "meet the boys"
- it's a genuine attempt to aid in the expansion
of cooperatives in general and to present ideas
for the improvement of fellow cooperatives,
which in private business would be competitors.
-David Lachenbruch
TNEC Proposes
Defense Legislation .
prohibit trusts interfering with de-
fense work is proposed by the Temporary Eco-
nomic Commission as it concludes its two years
work of research and investigation led by as-
sistant attorney-general Thurman Arnold.
Arnold charge that defense is being retarded
and made more expensive because trust-con-
trolled industries are holding up the prices of
materials that the government must buy.
CRIMINAL OR CIVIL actions have already
been started in the aluminum, magnesium,
tungsten and other industries. Grand juries are
investigating the shortages of drugs, aviation
precision equipment and surgical supplies.
At the present time it is illegal for companies
to agree among themselves what prices should
be charged and to conspire in any way to pre-
vent competition. These laws are difficult to
enforce because the corporations which have
violated these provisions are fined a few thou-
sand dollars. This makes little difference to com-
panies making millions.
THE PROPOSAL would provide that a corpor-

claim that business at the present time is afraid
to expand because of fear of government prose-
cutions.. More specific anti-trust legislation will
cut down on the prosecution of trusts which,
it is claitnad. ,are hurting business.
lRE MONEY -for the enforcement of the
anti-trust laws and more investigating pow-
er delegated to the Federal Trade Commission
will do much to discover violations and to pre-
vent them.
If these provisions are enacted, it will prevent
the shortage of vital defense materials. This
has been the case of aluminum. Production in
this industry has been kept down and the prices
up because of the monopolistic practices with-
in the industry. Thus, the demand for more than
800,000 pounds of aluminum for airplanes alone
can not be supplied for the annual production of
approximately 400,000,000 pounds for all uses.
to prevent bottlenecks force down to a
reasonable level the defense dollar, and keep
national industry in gear.
-Rosebud Scott
Significant Contribution
To Education
couraging integrated advance study,
the University of Michigan will offer a "Gradu-
ate Study Program in Public Policy in a World
At War" as part of the 1941 Summer Session
curriculum-a significant step forward in the
field of education.
It is a well-reasoned indictment of higher edu-
cation that it becomes too-specialized, each field
of knowledge working in a vacuum of its own,
ignoring the many variables that enter into any
pragmatic problem. Recognition has been given
to the situation by many of our prominent edu-
cators and proposals for a realistic integration
of the knowledges have been made, but as yet
those proposals have not been carried into effect
in any measurable degree.
T IS IN THIS LIGHT that the Study Program
assumes a significant place, for the Program
is the joint effort of six departments of the Uni-
versity-economics, political science, philosophy,
sociology, history and geography. Specialists-
both students and faculty-in each of these
fields will get together and throw their bit in
the melting pot. Out of itshould come a well-
rounded and complete attempt at answering
what should be American public policy in a
world at war.
The point of view of all these sciences can be
had in attacking the problem-for example what
are the economic limitations of a sociologist's
pipe dream, or again--how do Mother Earth's
facial features limit the ideas of the political
scientist. These and many other questions can
be thrashed out in the course of the Program
by bringing all the relevant sciences to bear on
the problem. It should not be a mere mathe-
matical addition of these respective fields, but
rather a critical evaluation of the place and sig-
nificance of each in the mesh of the central
gram will be a melting pot for some of the
most able minds in America--men who in some
measure have already made their own individual
answers to the question of what American public
policy should be. Among them are included Max
Lerner, political science, Williams College; Hu
Shih, Chinese ambassador to the United States;
Karl T. Compton, president of Massachusetts
Institute of Technology; Edward Mead Earle,
economics and politics, Princeton University;
Leonard Watkins, economics, Michigan; Edward
S. Corwin, jurisprudence, Princeton University;
Mans Speier, sociology, New School for Social
Research, and a host of others.
From this melting pot of minds and the sci-
ences should emerge-if not the answer- the
stimulation to a fruitful attack upon the im-
mensely involved question of what our public
policy should be in a world at war. Equally sig-
nificant is the Programs co.ntribution to the
field of education in providing an integration of
the sciences to resolve problems that defy cate-

gory. This will be the lasting value of the Study
Program-for the end of the war will bring on
its heels many a mor'e difficult problem that
cannot be resolved by tanks and guns.
-- Robert Speckhard
Panxama Canal
Defense . .
THE CHIEF EFFORTS of the United States
government in its mutual accord program
with the Latin American countries are directed
toward providing a stronger defense for the
Panama Canal.
That is the key to hemisphere defense - at
least until we can build an adequate two-ocean
navy. Of course one by one the Latin American'
countries will be approached with offers to enter
war assistance agreements. But first a main
axis of defense must be secured.
THE PREOCCUPATION of the governrnent
with the problem is seen by the steps al-
ready taken. The Republic of Panama has re-
cently granted to this nation a number of sites
for airports, listening posts and anti-aircraft
emplacements, which will widen the immediate
defense of the canal from air attack. Mexico is
now negotiating with the United States, and
similar objectives to those obtained from Panama
are sought.
Thanks to the destroyer trade, the canal is
now adequately guarded from the east as the
time has permitted. In the west, however, the
defense of the canal is strikingly inadequate.
ITS CHIEF PROTECTION is the great expanse
nf the Pacifi. With seondnrily .the fleet

RADIOGang Busters
(Today The Daily inaugurates a new feature -
radio criticism - to be run in much the same man-
ner as a column of drama criticism. Roughly speak-
ing, criteria for judgement will be theatrical finesse,
educational connotation, propagandistic character
of social impact of programs.)
LANG BUSTERS - For my first review I'm
giving myself an easy job. There probably
aren't many on campus who listen to the pro-
grain (WWJ--9p.m. Friday), since the major-
ity of the audience are not college types. Still,
because of the influence this type of program
exerts, it is well to discuss the feature, which
PTA organizations have been railing against for
Last Friday's program dramatizing "the nev-
er-ending war on crime," would certainly en-
courage any unintelligent - or under-privileged
youth to a try at a life of crime. Col. Nor-
man Schwarzkopf, of a New Jersey police force.
who made his name in connection with the
Lindbergh Kidnaping, interviews New York Po-
lice Commissioner Valentine, and his story is
dramatized by Phillips H. Lord.
Friday's dramatization sponsored by liniment,
concerned the heroic adventures of Charleson
and Rodgers, the "nickel and dime bandits."
They seemed like real nice boys. Charleson, at
the beginning of the play, tells Rodgers that he
has a "new idea to get a lot of dough,"-namely
that they drive around the Mississippi Valley
holding up small retail establishments. "We'll
make as much as if we robbed a dozen big banks,"
he says twice. They speak of their scheme in
such glowing terms that it would inspire prac-
tically any weak-willed kid to think seriously on
the scheme. Another time, one of the crooks says,
"Boy, dis is de life. Newspapers screamin' about
us all over de country. Nothin' to do but sit
down an' take it easy." So they go south, robbing
every gas station along the way, and obtain ex-
pensive silk shirts, new cars, liquor, guns, pin
money. Not one word is spoken against the
criminals until the very end-that makes the
play more interesting.
When the police finally have them surround-
ed, the criminals are courageous and the crook
who makes a bold escape is finally captured
while sleeping in a rooming house.
Gang Busters is definitely hopped up to make
it exciting. Characters are reinforced and the
result is a militant, brave brand of gangster
whom it is not difficult to admire. No matter
with what intentions these programs are writ-
ten and aired, they contribute greatly to the
child's and adolescent's intriguing admiration
for crime. Some first-offender reformatory cas-
es have admitted that the ideas for the per-
petration of their offense came directly from the
radio crime dramas. Gang Busters is not the
worst offender in 'this, but it is the best known,
and no matter what its intentions, its sociologi-
cal implications are injurious.
'VERYMAN'S THEATRE - Unfortunately,
Fridays presentation of this program was the
last of the season. The dramas presented are
written for radio by Arch Oboler, the man whose
unusual methods have made him notorious
among radio professionals. In case you haven't
heard any of his dramatizations, remember the
name, because he's sure to be back on the air
Friday's program starred Martha Scott in
one of Oboler's typically kaleidoscopic sketches,
called Baby. Until the very end, the production
reached a high degree of realism. It concerned
itself with the thoughts running through the
mind of a young wife when her physician had told
her she was going to have a baby, which her
husband couldn't afford. "Isn't there a place
(in the world) ", she asks herself, "for people
who don't want a great deal ... that would be
happy just to be alive?" She observes the poverty
all around her as she walks home through the
streets. "War . . . Raise 'em up so they can blow
'em up!" Miss Scott fits into the role perfectly.

The plot is so simple, so believable,' so true to
life, until -
The denoument of the drama makes use of a
device I knew was coming - but hoped it was
not - her husband gets a raise on the very day
and tells his wife that he wishes she could have
a baby. Coincidence! Thus Arch Oboler side-
steps the reality, the truth of life he has been
following, to let romanticism, falsity and satis-
faction-for-the-housewife have its way.
TELLECTITAL - The popular Friday eve-
ning (WWJ-8:30 p.m.) FPA-Kieran-Levant pro-
gram, which achieved its fame as a sustaining
program in which the highbrows punned, ad
libbed and kidded each other, and then became
more popular under the sponsorship of ginger
ale. is rapidly being pushed off its "highbrow"
pedestal under the present cigarette sponsor.
Last Friday, for instance, most of the questions
involved extremely familiar quotations and scenes
from motion pictures. The "experts" correctly
answered all questions and there was little ad
libbing and no humorous remarks.
I predict that if the program keeps up its pres-
ent trend of "playing to the masses" it will soon
lose its popularity with the .masses as it has al-
ready done with that peculiar group known as the
intelligentsia. Program producers have the pecu-
liar idea that the average radio listener is an
eleven-year-old. The novelty of the Information
Please program was in hearing those people kid,
each other along and their very witty and im-
promptu remarks, not in "stumping the ex-

MUST A SOCIEr be democratic
to be Christian? Whether Chris-
tians can be developed without de-
veloping democrats is one of the ma-
jor debates among the Religious. Can,
I act like a follower of Jesus Christ
and be an autocrat? Or, to reverse
the inquiry, if I am authoritarian,
and not democratic in attitude andt
in habit, can I be a Christian? Eacht
of us lives in the zone defined by
this problem, yet few of us ever de- t
bate it.f
Jesus' attitudes among his disciples
were relatively simple. With them He
was on intimate terms, like a superiort
person humbly living among twelve
friends. Theirs was a primitive, free,l
out-of-door seminar. They sharedt
what was posessed, accepted the lead-
ership of the wisest member and at
points differed as gentlemen can dif-
fer and yet sustain good-will. In thef
end the group broke up. The lastf
supper, with all reverence, may bef
referred to as a parting of men whot
only vaguely understood the loftyc
spiritual philosophy of human des-
tiny held by Jesus, one of the com-
YET MANY hold that democracy
means a form of state, not a way
of life,hence the question ofnbeing
.Christian is beside the point. The
state is a form of social control
while Christianity is a religion. The
former is between persons on an
earthly horizontal level while the
latter is perpendicular between God
and man. To ask that the state be
Christian, these men argue, is tof
ask for heaven on earth, or thatr
saints take over the country, there-.e
fore the proposal is not germane.r
A deeper consideration is this, if
the ideal society cannot be lived then
is it ideal? If Christianityican be
practiced only by a person and never
by a group is it what Jesus taught r
and practiced and died to dramatize?
I believe not. Both the Jewish life,
with its regard for the youngest child
and the weakest citizen, and the
Christian group built by Jesus as a.
church pattern, posit the face-to-face
solidarity of mutual confidence. I
would say, democratic social con-
duct, carrying the Plato concept in-
to practice not only for the strata
in which I live but for the "barbar-
ians" on another level as well as for
those of another race or different
birth or culture, is the definite aim,
of Christianity.
argue that man is not inherent-
ly evil nor predisposed to good, that
the universe we are in and are evolv-
ing is just, fair, ethical, and therefore
it is possible for man to attain to lofty
character. This theory gives the eth-
ical, if not the divine imperative,
its place; and we are each ethically
bound, as it were. That is, by the
sheer existence of virtue as a concept'
among us, we are bound in an ethi-
cal alliance. Jesus was the command-
ing person because this fact gripped
His soul. In this was God manifest,
that He lived for others a sacrificial
life. "Greater love hath no man than
this, that he lay down his life for
his friends."
SON THIS BASIS we find being
Christian impossible without be-
ing democratic plus. All of this bears
upon our social problem in a demo-
cracy. Being Christian is an art be-
gun in faith but attained by social
discipline. It is one of the major is-
sues needing solution both in our
personal lives and intthe society of
America this Easter time.
Edward W. Blakeman,
Counselor in
Religious Education


by moscott
we've called: "Pseudo-intellectualI
and journalistic play-boy." Add tot
the threats levied against us: "Let
those who cry, 'When some of us lose
our lives, we will have all lost our
hope,' recant, or suffer the wrath oft
firmer patriots."j
Frankly we love such attacks with I
their implications of lynching par-I
ties. It only increases our rapidlyr
Sgrowing"holier than thou" complex.
In the past few months, ever since
we attempted to point out that in our1
entrance into a holy war for democ-
racy, we may well be losing our de-
mocracy, we have been called mostlyt
in "Letters to the Editor" everything
from "Nazi, communist, appeaser andY
fascist to high wit and sophist." And
the list of names and the viciousness.
of the name-calling is increasing.E
All of which either indicates that ouri
charges are effective or that our op-,
position cannot meet our issues andi
therefore resorts to name-calling orI
that our opposition.is not even intelli- I
gent enough to realize that it is the I
settlement of issues that is the neces-I
sity for good argument and for demo-
cratic discussion.
IN ONE LETTER we have received,'
the following statement is made:
"We are not to be urged into fighting
for vain issues, for the Accomplish-
ment of "world-wide-democratic lib-
eralization," but we must plead thatE
intelligent individuals will realize ourE
position and will prepare themselvest
for participation in protective meas-
ures against the threats to our ideals,
and the educational values we are1
now engaged in discovering."
We have, however, received one1
letter which, though we disagree with}
much of what it says, we still con-I
sider good-mostly because it fairly
meets the issues and because it is
constructive both in its views and in1
its asking for our views.
WE ARE, THEREFORE, reprinting
it now and will answer it in our
coming Wednesday's column. It is,
incidentally, written by one F.A.W.
"I read your Sunday -article with
some misgivings. It does not seem to
me to be realistic; it is negativistic.1
You have lost faith.I
"Like the rest of us you are seeking
an ideal cause to fight for. I wonderf
if there have ever been ideal causes.
In this world, a man has certain
causes to ally himself to. He picksl
the one which seems to him to have
the fewest possible imperfections. He
then has two fights on his hands.
The bigger one is against the ene-
mies of that cause. The second,
equally as tough as the first, is
aainstthe conservative andireac-
tionary within that cause.
" AGREE that it is indeed ironic-
ally tragic that we are losing
many of our liberties while we, wage
a battle for freedom. Under present
circumstances that probably is in-
evitable-not tolerable but inevitable.
But you do not convince me that we
are sounding the death knell of de-
mocracy. It was only dented after
the holocaust of the last war. True,
it may be seriously impaired, but not
doomed by our present course. I
shudder to think of the consequences
of any other alternative. If you have
a plan which you believe to be better
than our present one, let's ee it in
your column soon.
"You say you write out of a sense of

urgency. Then you write an article
which infers strongly that there is no
hope for a positive program for ac-
tion. You say that we must enjoy
our sweet, democratic way of life as
long as it lasts but it is beyond our
power to make it last. I can't under-
stand your sense of urgency in writ-
ing so futilistic an article.
"IF IT IS TRUE, as you say, that
that our era is dying unneces-
sarily, it is because we are allowing
it to do so. You abandon yourself to

Phases Shown
THOUGH PERHAPS not one of the
many facets of art in its exact
sense, the exhibit depicting various
phases of defense housing to be
shown through April 4 in the Third
Floor Exhibition Room of the Archi-
tecture Building presents a highly
informative picture of a pressingly
vital subject.
The exhibition has been prepared
by the Central Housing Commission,
Washington, D. C., a group designed
primarily to enlighten the public on
matters of housing and to conduct
research into housing problems.
USING CHARTS artistically and
graphically designed, the ex-
hibit traces the housing problem from
its inception during the World War I
to the' present-day problem caused
by industrial expansion for defense
Vividly showing the need for a pub-
lic interest in housing created by the
emergencies of World War I, the dis-
play points out the steps taken by
an awakened Congress, the projects
undertaken by the Federal govern-
ment. At the end of the War, how-
ever, the government stepped out
of the housing business, left unfin-
ished many tasks undertaken.
THE PERIOD of the twenties passed
without much public interest in
housing, until 1929 Depression
brought fresh impetus to Congress's
activities in housing via the need for
creating jobs.
Then 1940 presented an even great-
er emergency. With plans for defense
expanding until almost out of con-
trol, with industry following suit, with
the need for laborers increasing each
day, housing came a more vital prob-
lem than ever before.
THUS after portraying briefly but
explicitly the background of the
problem, the exhibit goes on to show
what is being done today, and even
more important, what needs to be
done. It depicts three phases of emer-
gency housing: 1. Structures designed
purely as temporary ,dwellings; 2.
More roomers being housed in large
homes; and 3. Permanent structures
designed not only to meet the emer-
gency, but to serve as new communi-
ties permanently.
Of the three phases, the exhibit
stresses the last as the most im-
portant, not ignoring, however, the
need for the other two. Temporary
dwellings must at times be construct-
ed, either by trailer camps or the
use of prefabricated houses. Along
this line, owners of vacant lots have
become dollar-a-year" men by leas-
ing vacant lots for one dollar a year
in order that temporary structures
for defense might be constructed on
QUITE vividly the exhibit paints
the urgency of the problem. Fail-
ure now would result in n increased
number of slums, of disease, particu-
larly tuberculosis, being spread, of
inefficiency in vital defense work
caused by poor housing.
Perhaps the exhibit cannot be
called Art, But certainly its import-
ance cannot be overestimated. Ac-
curately and vividly it depicts a prob-
lem which, though we ourselves may
not realize, is nevertheless seriously
pressing the defense work of the
ONE of the' most interesting ex-
hibits presented in Ann Arbor
this year, the defense housing display
deserves the attention of everyone
interested in problems raised by the
present emergency.

the 'unmistakable trends of future
events' without a fight. You too,
dear Brutus, are riding with Anne oni
her wave of the future.
"I refuse to believe that your gen-
eration and my generation is riding
that wave. We are not afflicted
with a Hamlet complex. We have
guts. We have brains. And we can
OK, F.A.W., we'll answer you

To The Editor:
The students of broadcasting of
the University wish to thank you
sincerely for Mr. Lachenbruch's edi-
torial of March 26, 1941, entitled
"Why Not Radio Critics?" Your rec-
ognition of the medium of radio as
"our greatest medium, our mostspop-
ular art, by far the greatest educa-
tional influence on the lives of Amer-
icans" is gratifying to those of us who
have chosen the profession of radio
for our life work.
MANY OF THE ILLS of modern
commercial broadcasting men-
tioned in your editorial concern us
greatly. It is these faults, natural
in an industry as young as radio,
that we are interested in modifying
and eliminating. Honest, open, in-
telligent criticism is the only means
outside of the written response of the
general public by which we are able
to locate and attack these ills. We, as
broadcasters, are as vitally interest-
ed in employing this magical medium
of ours for the greatest educational
benefits and enjoyment of the listen-
er, and in eliminating the evils with
which it has been and is beset as are
other public minded persons.


760 KC CBS I 800 KC - Mutual 1950 KC - NBC Red 1270 KC - NBC Blue
Sunday Evening
6:00 Silver Double or Catholic Across the
6:15 Theatre Nothing Hour Footlights
6:30 Gene Autry The Show News News; Silhouettes
6:45 'Dear Mom'-6:55 of the Week Dick Himber Orch. Am'rican Pilgrim'ge
7:00 'Dear Mom' Dr. M. R. DeHaan, Jack Benny's The News
7:15 G. Smith -Religious Program From Europe
7:30 Screen Guild Talk Fitch News; New Friends
7:45 Theatre The Tools of War Bandwagon Of Music
8:00 Helen Hayes CKLW Concert Charlie Message
8:15 Theatre Party McCarthy of Israel
8:30 Crime Carry On, One Man's Sherlock Holmes
8:45 Doctor; News Canada Family -Basil Rathbone
9:00 Sunday Old Fashioned The Manhattan Walter Winchell
9:15 Evening Hour Revival Merry-Go-Round Parker Family
9:30 Propaganda Hour- Album of The Inner
9:45 With Music Services Familiar Music Sanctum
10:00 Take It Canadian News TTour of Charm rnod1imort

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