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September 28, 1939 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1939-09-28

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Weather
sable showers and warmer
today; tomorrow cooler. "

IJrL-

Datitj

I

Editorial
The Rediscovery
Of America...

. No.4

Z-323

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, SEPT. 28, 1939

PRICE FIVE

Figures Reveal
Marked Gain
In Enrollment
Over Last Year
Literary And Engineering
Colleges Benefit Most;
Slight Loss In Others
Drop Is Sharpest
In Graduate School
University enrollment surged to
11,093 students Wednesday, 300 more
than the 1938 figure, and the largest
in campus history for the third day
of classes.
Men retained their superiority of
numbers over women by a ratio vof
about 8 to 3, despite the fact that
the number of women students has
risen from 3,008 in 1938 to 3,092 this
year.
Official figures released from the'
University statistical laboratory show
a total 1939 enrollment of 8,001 men
and 3,092 women. The figures include
the school of nursing.
Literary and engineering colleges'
shared substantial increases in at-
tendance, while slight losses were re-
ported in medical, education, fores-
try and conservation, and graduate
schools.
-T1....r1

Knowledge Of War Cause
Is Stressed By Williams

Possibility Of U.S. Entering War Not
According To Business Men, He

Too Reiote,
Warns

are

en
in

nore iterry, schooi stu -
any. other, t.he official
ng 4,646 men and won-
for the first semester
ge.
g school attendance has
rn 2,045 in 1938 to 2,140
in the school of busi-
tration has moved up-
61 in 1938 to 208 this

A complete understanding of the
economic, political and idealogical
backgruonds of the present war situ-
ation by students both as citizens and
individuals of a responsible nation
was stressed last night by Prof. Men-
tor L. Williams of the English de-
partment before an audience of more
than 150 last night at an American
Student Union meeting for freshmen
men and women at the Union.
In spite of the embargo and other
proposed legal measures to insure
America's neutrality, business men
predict the entrance of the United
States into the war within six months
or a year and it is of this fact that
students must be cognizant, Professor
Williams warned. Faced with the
Union's Policy
For Year Told
By Treadwel
Organization Takes Over
Defunct Men's Council
Activities On Campus
"The Union is primarily a service
organization designed for the tise of
students and alumni, the activities
All sophomores and eligible
freshmen, whether previously out
for the Union staff or not, and who
are interested in trying out, are
asked to apply at Rooms 319-325
in the Union at 5 p.m. today, ac-
cording to Don Treadwell. Duties
of staff officers will be explained
at this time, he said.
of which will be continued and ex-
tended this year for these groups in
as many and as extensive ways as
possible," said Donald Treadwell, '40,
president of the Union yesterday in a
formal statement of policy for the
coming school year.
"I want to emphasize the fact," he
continued, "that the Union at all
times holds forth all of its services
and -entertainments to the men of
the Michigan campus with the hope
that they will use them to their fullest
extent." Treadwell particularly urged
the students occupying the newly
constructed men's residences to avail
themselves of the Union's facilities.
The student organization of the
Union will take over for the first
(Continued on Page 2)
Literary Magazine
Calls For Tryouts
Practical experience in magazine
work is offered students who wish to

possibility of our almost immediate
active participation, they must be
well informed on the economic con-
flicts to estimate and evaluate the
primary economic motives behind
trade and non-aggression pacts. They
should realize, Professor Williams
added, that the war is being fought by
two imperialistic factions, the Hitler
bloc and the Anglo-French bloc.
No war news heai'd over the radio{
today is uncensored, he said. There-'
fore all such information should be
sifted and analyzed according to
clear, rational backgrounds. At pres-
ent we as citizens enjoy the right to
choose our own occupations and con-
trol our destinies. Our entrance in-
to the war may mean sharp curtail-
ment of these rights and the closing'
of avenues of individual development,
he asserted.
As individuals, we should not be so
immersed in academic matters that
we fail to make the necessary an-
alysis, Professor Williams advised.
The courses we are taking in the
University should augment our back-
ground of comprehension. What is
today, may not be so tomorrow, he
said, and we should be facile enough
to face new contingencies and make
any necessary adjustments.
reshmen Now
In Dorms Have
PledgeRights
Students Must Live Up
To Contracts Regardless
Of Their Affiliations
Rumors circulating among the oc-
cupants of the men's residence halls
to the effect that freshmen joining a
fraternity must immediately cease
living in the halls were emphatically
denied'yesterday by 'Prof. Karl Litz-
enberg, director of Residence Halls..
"There is nothing in any literature
published by the University which
carries any implication with regard to
the incompatibility of fraternity
pledges and residence halls," Pro-
fessor Litzenberg stated. "The Board
of Governors of the residence halls
and the Executive Committee of the
Interfraternity Council are in abso-
lute agreement concerning this mat-
ter," he said, "and the Board has no
intention of competing with fraterni-
ties for roomers.''
Freshmen, whether or not they be-
come pledged to a fraternity, are re-
quired under the terms of their con-
tract, Professor Litzenberg pointed
out, to complete their year's resi-
dence in the residence halls; and
those pledged are prohibited by Uni-

nest

'he largest slump was. in the
duate school, where enrollment
pped from 1,602 in 1938 to 15 8
1939.
'otal registration will increase
'ing the semester. In 1938 the
al first semester enrollment was
199, compared to the 10,795 figure
the third day.
'igures which were given in Tues-
's Daily for 1938 were inaccurate.
)orm Murals
WillIllustrate
Loa Lgnds

New Changes
In Neutrality
Hurt Shippers
Requests- For Revisions
Meet With Opposition
From Capitol Leaders
Airlines May Stop
For Refueling Only
WASHINGTON, Sept. 27.- (P) -
Ship operators, fearing a sharp re-
duction in their business under the
pending neutrality resolution, pro-
tested sharply today to Congressional
leaders in charge of that measure.
Their requests for changes in the
resolution were met, it was said, with
a firm "no"-and a statement that the
legislation was intended to keep this
country out of war, with other con-
siderations secondary.
To Be Temporary
Tho Congressional leaders further
told the shipping people that if, by
January, when. Congress meets in
regular session, the act should appear
to be working to their serious dis-
advantage, legislation could be en-
acted then for the relief of the ship-
pers.
The protests came, it was said, from
United States Lines, from the Dollar
Line, from firms operating their own
ships to import fruit from South and
Central America and the islands of
the Caribbean, and from Pan Ameri-
can Airways.
Prohibits Exports
All were concerned about the pro-
vision of the law forbidding American
ships and aircraft to transport any
materials whatsoever to belligerent
countries. The application of this
provision to the British and French
possessions to the south of the United
States was of particular concern to
the fruit companies and the airline.
The latter, on its passenger route
to South America, makes several stops
at French and British points. Chair-
man Pittman (Dem., Nev.) of the
Foreign Relations Committee, the au-
thor of the resolution, was reliably
reported to have said that under the
proposed law, Pan American Air lin-
ers could continue to stop at these
points for refueling, but could dis-
charge neither passengers nor freight.
Campus Studio
ill Broadcast
Full Schedule
Twelve radio programs a week will
be broadcast from the campus by
student talent this year, it was an-
nounced yesterday.
Regular broadcasting over two De-
troit stations begins Oct" 8. WJR,
Detroit will carry nine programs each
week following through until Spring
Vacation, and WMBC, Detroit will
carry three. An additional program
on Saturday afternoons may be given
following the football season over
WJR.
Speech 151 students will announce
all broadcasts, and will take part in
various dramatic broadcasts each
week. A 15-minute skit will be of-
fered each Sunday morning. On
Monday afternoons there will be a
quiz broadcast with student partici-
pants. On Wednesday afternoons
original dramatizations with student
actors will be given, and on Friday
afternoons the High School Radio
Guild program will be aired. A bul-
letin of radio talks giving more de-
tailed information as to the nature

of talks and dramatic programs to be
presented will be' available shortly
before broadcasting starts, Oct. 8.
University broadcasts will be di-
rected again this year by Prof. Waldo
Abbot, of the speech department,
pioneer in the field of collegiate radio
work. He will be assisted, both in
the instruction work of Speech'151,
and in the actual broadcasting work
by Mr. Frederick Crandall, also of
the speech department. Mr. Cran-
dall came to the University with a
background of dramatic work with
radio stations such as WJR and
WMBC of Detroit, and WHN of New
York.- He also took part in several
New York state productions.
Sales Close Today
At Book Exchange
The Student Book Exchange held
in the north lounge of the Union will
close after today's activities, accord-

Five Of Freighter's Crew
Missing; Soviet Press
" Attacks Estonia Sharply
Diplomatic Activity
Becoming Intense
MOSCOW, Sept. 27.--(P)-The So-
viet government tonight announced
the sinking of a Russian steamer off
the coast of Estonia by an unidenti-
fied submarine as diplomatic activity
reached new intensity in Moscow
with the opening of German-Russian
talks.
The announcement that the 4,000-
ton freighter Metallist had been tor-
pedoed and that five of her crew of
24 were missing came while the So-
viet press sharply attacked Estonia
and accused the little Baltic nation
of harboring naval bases for foreign
powers.
Reports Persisting
Unofficial reports persisted the
Soviet was making demands for con-
cessions to erect fortifications in
Estonian waters in the Gulf of Fin-.
'land and the Baltic Sea.
The arrival of German Foreign
Minister Joachim Von Ribbentrop
for the conferences with Soviet of-
ficials coincided with the coming of
Estonia's Foreign Minister Karl Sel-
ter for his second visit here in three
days, and with talk among diplo-
mats that a German-Soviet military
pact might be in the offing.
The presence also of Turkish For-
eign Minister Sukru Saracoglu in
Moscow heightened the belief in dip-
lomatic quarters that Russia might
sprink another surprise on war-torn
Europe, following up, the historic,
Russian-German non-aggression pact
signed Aug. 23 on a previous visit by
Von Ribbentrop.
(In Helsinki, Finland, sources close
to Estonian officialdom said the Bal-
tic state was submitting to Soviet de-
mands for transit rights across Es-
tonia and commercial and naval con-
cessions on the .Estonian coast.
Returned To Moscow
(It was announiced in Tallinn, cap-
ital of Estonia, that Foreign Minister
Selter had returned to Moscow, fol-
lowing a hurried trip there last Sun-
day, "In connection with new Rus-
sian proposals." Dispatches received
there from Moscow said considerable
speculation prevailed in the Russian
capital on the possibility that Russia
had made strong demands on Estonia
for maritime rights).
The government's announcement
of the sinking of the Metallist said
the attack occurred near Narva Bay,
on the northern coast of Estonia. So-
viet patrol ships were said to have
rescued 19 of her crew of 24.
Last night's communique cited re-
ports from Leningrad that "peri-
scopes of unknown submarines" have
been sighted near Luga, in the Gulf
of Finland near where the Metalist
was said to have been sunk.

Besieged Warsaw Fallen,
Nazis Report; Soviet Ship
Torpedoed, Sunk In Baltie

Z*)

.i

Cinema League
Begins Fourth
Season Oct. 15
For the fourth successive season,
the Art Cinema League will present
a series of memorable motion pic-
tures of the past as collected and
arranged by the Musuem of Modern
Art Film Library.
The price of membership for the
first semester and admission to the
five programs of the series is $1.00.
Membership cards are on sale at the
Union, the League and Wahr's Book
Store. Single tickets will not be
sold.
"Way Down East," famous melo-
drama of the stage which was filmed
in 1920 by D. W. Griffith, dean of
American motion-picture producers,
will initiate the series Oct. 15 at
the Lydia Mendelssohn :Theatre. Lil-
lian Gish and Richard Barthelmess
gre the stars' of this flicker success
of the silent days.
"A Short History of Animation;" is
the theme 'of the programson Nov. 12.
Ten cartoons from the first pre-film
"animated paintings" of 1879 to the
latest pen-and-ink hits by Walt Dis-
ney are featured.
Two famous German films will
be shown Dec. 10. Those are a section
of an early production of "Hamlet"
and "The Last . Laugh" with FEmril
Jannings.
"The Thief of- Bagdad," starring.
Douglas Fairbanks, :will be 'shown
Jan. 7 and "I Am a Fugitive from a
Chain Gang" will conclude the series
Jan. 21.
Tickets are also on sale for "Bal-
lerina," current French success set
behind the scenes of the Paris Opera
Ballet, which opens a, three-day run
Oct. 5, 6 and 7 at the Lydia Men-
delssohn Theatre.
Band To Hold
I Ar nual Class

I

German Foreign Minister
Pays Visit To Moscow;
Accord May Be Result
Heavy Tax Increase
Imposed On British.
By ALVIN J. STEINKOPF
BERLIN, Sept. 27.-()P)-Besieged
Warsaw, reported laid waste by bomb,
shell and fire, surrendered uncondi-
tionally tonight, the Nazi high com-
mand announced.
The German communique report-
ing capitulation of the Polish capital
after 20 days of modern siege shared
attention tonight with the expecta-
BUL LETIN
BUDAPEST, Sept. 27. -(4)-
The Polish telegraph agency to-
night published a dispatch under
a Warsaw dateline which said the
Polish command for defense of
the city was "indicating that re-
sistance had been abandoned."
The Warsaw radio station had
given no hint of surrender but
had substituted hymns for stir-
ring military marches to inter-
spersg accounts of the lingering
hours of German siege.

A series of six incised plaster mur-
als depicting scenes from the lives
of the characters in the famous Paul'
Bunyan stories is to be begun this
week in the main lobby of the new
Michigan House men's dormitory
The murals will include such well-
known creatures as "Babe," the blue
ox who was greater than a hundred
elephants; the bee-wasp hybrids
whose stings were especially vicious;
and Oley Oleson with whom Paul
one day had a great battle which was
heard for miles around. Also illus-
trated will be the huge griddle which
was greased by men who. skated
about on its surface with slabs of
bacon used as skates.
Gustave Hildegrand of Detroit is
to be the sculptor, with James C.
Johnson, a former graduate of the
University, as his assistant.
The unusual material was chosen'
because of its "unexploited decora-
tive possibilities as well as for its
appropriateness to Michigan House,"
the sculptor explained. The build-
ing was dedicated by Dr. Frank Rob-
bins, assistant to the President, "to
the .pioneers who first cleared the'~
way, to the farmers, miners,' and
lumbermen who followed them; to
those whoby their toil and their wis-
,dom have through the years built up
our industries; to the men and wo-
men who have created this state and
to those who still cherish its tradi-
tions."
The murals are being done as a
Michigan Project. Later in the year
a series of four color murals will be
done in the building by Edgar Yaeger
of Detroit, dealing with the history
of Michigan.
Clark Will Lecturer
Here On Russid
Russia's role in the European war
will be clarified in a lecture, "The
Communist Speaks on War," by Jo-
seph Clark, Michigan State secre-
tary, member of the national coun-

i
J
j
i
t
1

tryout for Perspectives, campus liter- versity regulation from living in a
ary magazine. Tryouts are asked to fraternity houses during their fresh-
meet at 4 p.m. today in the Student man year.,
Publications Building. By action of the Board, Professor
Students may choose one of the Litzenberg explained, a student in a
following departments: poetry, James residence hall may join a fraternity
Green, '40, editor; essay, David Spen- and remain for the duration of his
gler, '40; fiction, Hervie Haufler, contract, but a student already a
'41; and book-review, John Malcolm pledge or a member of a fraternity
Brinnin, '41, editor. ,vill not be accepted for residence.
- --According to the Housing Facilities
Boy Dies Of Injuries for Men, a bulletin published by the{
Dean of Students, "release from this
David W. Baker, nine-year-old son contract to move to a fraternity house
of Mrs. Anne Maier Baker, 611 W. for the second semester will be grant-
Northfield Church road, died last ed to juniors and seniors provided
night in the University hospital as that notice of the wish to withdraw
the result of injuries suffered Sept. from the residence hall is registered
6 when he was hit by a truck while at the office of the Dean of Students
riding his bicycle on Whitemore Lake three weeks before the beginning of
Rd. 1 the second semester."
International Center Will Open
This Year's Program With Tea

Varsity Night Program
To Have Many Events
Varsity Night, annual Varsity Band
classic, will be held this year in Hill
Auditorium, Oct. 17, Donn Chown,
Grad., student manager of the band,
announced yesterday. The profits
from the all-campus variety show
will be used this year to send the
band to the Chicago-Michigan foot-
ball game, Oct. 21.
Designed as a star-studded radio
program, a tentative list of events
includes a quiz program based on
popular radio "askit" shows such as
"Information Please," and the vari-
ous "Man on the Street" interludes.
All students interested in trying out
for parts in the show are invited to
get in touch with either Chown, or
with Prof. William D. Revelli, direc-
tor of the Band. Both Will be avail-
able every day from 2:30 p.m. to
4:15 p.m. in the Band offices in
Morris Hall.
Chown stressed the fact that any
and every sort of talent is wanted.
Singers, comedians, ventriloquists,
magicians, variety acts, or any other
entertainers may try out. Novelty
number by the Band itself will be
one in which. the. entire organization
sings as a glee club.________

tion in informed quarters that a far-
reaching German-Russian accord
would result from the flying visit of
Foreign Minister Joachim von Rib-
bentrop to Moscow.
Warsaw probably will be handed
over to the besieging Nazi army Sept.
29, the high command said, and Gen-
eral. Johannes Von Blaskowitz has
been ordered to arrane-the terms of-
surrender.
(The Warsaw radio, which almost
throughout the siege had been on the
air with exhortations to Warsaw's
citizens and soldiers to resist the in-
vaders, was heard in Budapest as late
as 2:45 p.m. today-8:45 a.m., EST.
Its announcer insisted the city still
held out and would resist to the last).
The surrender, in the German view,
marked the end of the short but
furiously-fought war -which started
27 days ago today.
The German high command, after
the first brief announcement, issued a
second communique as follows:
"Warsaw has capitulated uncon-
ditionally. Formal surrender of the
city to the German army command
will take place Sept. 29. (Friday).
"It is established the military gar-
rison (Polish) occupying the city ex-
ceeds 100,000 men."
Other terms of the surrender were
not made known immediately, but it
was indicated the Germans had in-
sisted upon elaborate guarantees "to
protect the civilian population."
It was regarded likely, too, the
Germans had exacted effective guar-
antees to prevent attacks by the
civilian population upon the occupy-
ing force, and had a military govern-
ment ready to enforce such measures,
to remove prisoners, relieve distress
and stamp out any incipient epi-
demics.
Britain Boosts Taxes
'To All-Time High Level
LONDON, Sept. 27.-(AP)-Britain
marshalled today her great army of
taxpayers, rich and poor alike, to bear
the heaviest tax burden ever under-
taken by the nation to finance the
war against Germany.
Seeking to meet an estimated 2,-
000,000,000 pounds ($8,000,000,000)
outlay in the current fiscal year,
greatly increased by the costs of war,
the budget presented to the House of
Commons called for a 35 per cent
standard tax on income until next
March 31, when the fiscal year ends.
The average Briton gasped at un-
expectedly drastic increases on in-
come, beer, sugar, wine, tobacco,
whisky, estates, surtaxes and excess
profits, but the news shared proud
front-page headlines asserting the
home fleet had scored against Ger-
man warplanes in a sea engagement.
"If the price of victory be high, it
is a price worth paying," Sir John
Simon, tall, gaunt chancellor of the
exchequer, told a cheering House of
i Vnmmrtssi.'h.,rsetedthewa

Sex Bows Ugly Head;
Woods Woman Leaves

ii

t

Sex has taken a holiday in the for-
estry school . . . for a year at least.
Official figures released by the sta-
tistics laboratory of the University
Wednesday reveal that the last wom-
an has left the male-dominated
school where they study about trees.
Last year the fair sex was represent-
ed by one person..

The first of a series of teas son-
sored by the University's Interna-
tional Center as part of its enlarged
recreational, social and cultural pro-
gram will be given from 4 to 6 p.m.
today in the Center, according . to
Prof. J. Raleigh Nelson, Director. The
teas will be given every Thursday
throughout the year.
Not only foreign students, Profes-
sor Nelson stressed, but Canadian and
American students are invited to
the teas. Faculty members and
townspeople are always welcome, he
added.
The first recreation night of the
new season will take place tomorrow
from 8 to 12 p.m., and will feature

"American Alcove." The Alcove will
contain books, mainly biography and
fiction, which are aimed to give the
reader a clearer uriderstanding of
American life and tradition. This
reading will be supplemented through
out the year by a series of reviews
by Professor Nelson of books which
he feels students need to under-
stand if they are fully to grasp
America.
Other highlights of the year will
he classes in American folk dancing
with music supplied by the Henry
Ford dance orchestra and Saturday
soirees.
Four periods during the year will
be devoted to 'a study of American

Plans For Choral Union S eries
Unaffected By War, Sink Says

Plans for the sixty-first annual
Choral Union series have in no way
been affected by the international;
situation, Dr. Charles A. Sink, presi-
dent of the University Musical So-
ciety, emphasized yesterday.
All of the solo artists have indicat-
ed their availability, and whatever
personnel changes that must be made
in the two symphony orchestras will
be minor, he declared.
It has been thought that some
shift in arrangements might be nec-

citizens, it is probable that the or-
chestra's 28-week season will run off
as scheduled.
The other group most likely to be
affected by the war is the Boston
Symphony, which is to appear here
Dec. 14. Many of its members are
native Frenchmen who may be called
up for service. Some of them who
were vacationing in France during
the summer have not yet been heard
from, according to Sunday's New
York Times. It is believed, however,

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