Not quite so cold today with
posi1ble snow tomorrow,
The People .
VOL. L. No. 92 Z-323 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, JAN. 28, 1940
PRICE FIVE CENTS
As Finn Army,
Russian Offensive North
Of Ladoga Is Thought
Finns Show Strong
Mobile Def enseg
By WADE WERNER
HELSINKI, JaI. 27. -(A)- The
beaten fragments of four Soviet divi-
sions, once 70,000 strong, were re-
ported by Finnish couriers tonight to
be scattered in headlong flight after
strewing the snows and icelocked
lakes and rivers with thousands of
dead and wounded.
The casualties and heaps of aban-
doned war materials were the price
paid in a futile endeavor to outflank
the Mannerheim Line, to cut behind
it by encircling the frozen shores of
When the whole story is told, the
Finns said, it will show the worst
disaster of the Russian invasion.
The nightly Finnish communique
was tersely non-committal on the ex-
tent of the victory, but military re-
ports from the front indicated the
backbone of the Russian offensive
north of. Lake Ladoga had been
smashed despite elaborateadvance
preparations and a week of constant
day and night assaults.
These reports said the Russians,
attempting at point after point to
break through the Finnish lines, had
been led into a death trap.
Moving sluggishly, the Red army
columns were caught in a withering
crossfire that broke their communi-
cations, smashed supply lines, pre-
vented the arrival of reinforcements
and took a terribletoll.
Finnish light artillery, machine-
guns and automatic rifles wrought:
almost unbelievable destructionrln the
waves of. solidly packed, Soviet in-
Hillman Endorses Roosevelt;
Guffey Wants F.D.R.'Drafted'
Garner Terms Lewis Opposition 'Political Asset'
As CIO Head Says Labor Support Is Essential
NEW YORK, Jan. 27.-(P)-Sidney
Hillman, vice-president of the CI0
and head of the powerful Amalga-
mated Clothing Workers Union, gave
his unqualified endorsement to Presi-
dent Roosevelt today and thereby
took a stand in open opposition to
his chief, CI0 President John L.
Without mentioning specifically a
third term for Mr. Roosevelt, Hill-
man, who said he was confident he
spoke for the 250,000 members of
Amalgamated, declared the New Deal
had "held fast to the gains of the
first six years" and "continued to
move forward" and added:
"There is no man in public life to-
day in whom we can so fully and safe-
ly confide for the balance of the
Guffey Asks Labor
To 'Draft Roosevelt'
PHILADELPHIA, Jan. 27.-VP)--
Senator Guffey (Dem., Pa.) appealed
to labor tonight to draft President
Roosevelt for a third term, saying
"at least two-thirds of the nation"
favored this course.
Guffey expressed his views in a
speech prepared for delivery before
the Philadelphia Hoosiery Workers
at a dinner in honor of Alexander Mc-
Keown, new national President of the
American Federation of Hosiery
"It is entirely right and proper that
working men and women take the
lead in this growing demand that
President Roosevelt again stand for
reelection," Guffey said. "Never in
the hihstory of our own or any other
country has the lot of the working
people been so rapidly and so tremen-
dously improved as here in America
since March, 1933."
Garner Says Lewis'
Opposition Is 'Asset',
ers said the fact the
o outflank the Man-
Finnish mobile de-
ength in the
Tonight's army communique re-
ported merely that attacks at vari-
ous points northeast of Lake Ladoga,
had been "repulsed with heavy losses"
and that "some of the attacking de-
tachments were dispersed in entire-
ty." The communique also announced
capture of "numerous automatic
Excitement ran high in Helsinki as
news of the fighting filtered in from
the front. The Capital had been
stirred for several days by reports
that two Russian divisions had been
trapped. north of Lake Ladoga and
that two others were in a critical
On the Karelian Isthmus to the
south, where the Finns have held the
Mannerheim Line against repeated
Russian assaults, there were only ar-
tillery exchanges and patrol clashes.
Text Mart Is Sponsored
By Union Atnd League
In the second year of its existence,
the Student Book Exchange, under
the joint sponsorship of the Union
and League, will open its doors at
1:30 p.m. Thursday to providestu-
dents with an opportunity: to' sell
and buy texts at a considerable saving
over regular prices. .
The Exchange will continue to
operate through Feb. 15, according to
James Palmer, '41E, of the tinion. A
complete line of books for all schools
will be a feature of this year's Ex-
change, he said, and the personnel
will be provided with all information
as to what book is necessary for
For the first four days of opera-
tion, the Exchange will open'at 1:30
p.m. and close at 5:30 p.m. After
Feb. 5, the hours will be 8:30 a.m.
to 5:30 p.m.
Japan Reported Seeking
To Buy Oil In Mexico
Sermons To Emphasize
Struggle With Realities
Of PresentDay World
Idealism and its struggle with cur-
rent realities will be thelcentral
theme of sermons to be delivered to
congregations- o-f Ann Arbor churches.
At the First. Baptist Church, Rev.
C. H. Louckes will speak on "The
Power of the Ideal" at the morning
worship service. Continuing his
series of 10 sermons on the applica-
tion of religion, Rev. Charles 'W.
Brashares will discuss "Christianfty
-Its Resources" in his address at the
First Methodist Church.
As an unusual .church service Rev.
H. P. Marley will conduct the panel
discussion "Democracy Applied" at
the Unitarian morning meeting. "The
Lure of the Present" will receive
Rev. W. P. Lemon's analysis in his
sermon at the First Presbyterian
The religious program of the Con-
gregational Church features Rev.
Leonard A. Parr's discussion of
"Apples of Gold" at the morning serv-
ice and Miss Edith Hoyle's illustrat-
ed talk on "Our National Parks" at
the supper meeting of the Student
Fellowship at 6 p.m. Miss Hoyle, in-
structor in the University High School
will show colored movies of her recent
The Wesleyan Guild of the First
Methodist Church plans to hear Mr.
kenneth Morgan speak on "mystic-
ism" at its supper and fellowship
meeting at"6 p.m. Speaking at the
Westminster Student Guild will be
Dr. Francis Onderdonk describing
"Tolstoy versus Stalin, Hitler, and
WASHINGTON, Jan. 27. -()-
Vice-President Garner told friends
today that "John L. Lewis' opposi-
tion is the best political asset I have."
That was described authoritatively
as the Vice-President's reaction to
Lewis' criticism of the Democratic
Party and of Garner's presidential
candidacy. 'Some months ago Lewis
called Garner an "evil old man."
Persons close to Garner said that
the Vice-President had commented,
too, with a grin, that his "asset" had
been depreciated when Lewis also
eliminated President Roosevelt and
Security Administrator Paul V. Mc-
Nutt from his list of possible Demo-
Lewis Claims New Deal
Needs Labor's Support
COLUMBUS, 0., Jan. 27. -<)-
John L. Lewis bluntly advised the
Democratic Party's leadership today
that any hope of victory in Novem-
ber without Labor's help was "the
depth of stupidity."
The CIO chieftain, who has sug-
gested the Democrats join forces with
Labor for the 1940 presidential cam-
paign, warned it was "fatal strategy"
for the party leaders to believe that
his followers had "no place to go."
While practically eliminating the
Republican Party as a haven because
of "its frankly hostile attitude,"
Lewis declined to suggest an alterna-
JGP Castin g
JStarts Feb. 12
All Interested In Roles
Must Attend Tryouts;
Casting for roles m the 1940 Junior
Girls Play will begin Monday, Feb
12, and will continue through Tues-
day, Feb. 13, and Wednesday, Feb
14, Jane Grove, '41, general chair-
man, announced yesterday.
Tryouts will be held from 2:30 to
5:30 p.m. each day in the League
with Richard McKelvey, director, and
members of the central committee in
charge. Those whose initials of th
last name begin with A-J -may tryou
Monday, K-R Tuesday, and S-Z Wed-
All junior women interested in ever
a bit part must attend the tryouts
everyone will be given some part it
the play. Health cards must be pre
sented when you come, as well a
eligibility cards for the second sem
ester. Those who have already hat
their cards signed are reminded tha
they must be signed again for th
Authorities Say She Must
Receive Aid Or Sign Up
With Hitler Or Stalin
Czechs Must Fight
Too, Nazi Declares
BUDAPEST, Jan. 27. -(p)- Ru-
mania, high authorities said tonight,
will ask her Balkan Entente part-
ners-Greece, Turkey and Yugo-
slavia-to promise her military sup-
port in case of attack by either Ger-
many or Russia. Otherwise the Ru-
manian government was understood
to have indicated it would be forced
to seek an agreement with Adolf Hit-
ler or Joseph Stalin.
Formal presentation of the request
for military aid, these sources said,
will be made when the foreign min-
isters of the four powers meet in
Belgrade Feb. 2.
Soundings in Athens, Ankara and
Belgrade, however, indicated the En-
tente Powers would be extremely
reluctant to give sweeping guaran-
tees to Rumania.
The Turkish newspaper Aksam said
flatly that the Rumanian demand
would be turned down.
Rumania's decision to force the
issue was reported to have been
prompted by the increasingly serious
Tighten Jewish Finances
Again In Czechoslovakia
PRAGUE, Jan. 27.--()-Karl Her-
mann Frank, protectorate secretary
of state and Schutz Staffel Leader,
tonight told a vast meeting of the
Nazi Black Shirts that it was their
duty to forceCzechs, if necessary, to
"help toward the victory of the
"If, in this struggle, the Czechs
should refuse assistance or resist,"
he said, "we SS. men will be most
harsh in breaking thenopposition and
destroying our enemies."
The protectorate finance ministry
meanwhile decreed tighter control of
Jewish financial resources.
The decree requires banks to re-
port within 30 days all contents of
Jewish safety boxes acquired since
March 15, 1939, when the Germans
occupied Czechoslovakia. It also
I blocks Jewish bank accounts opened
since that date. Accounts dated pre-
I viously already were under control.
Jews will be permitted to draw
1 ,500 crowns (about $50) weekly for
.he support of their families.
Churchill Claims Modern
Germany Is Weaker Foe
MANCHESTER, England, Jan. 27.
-(AP)-Winston Churchill today ap-
praised Nazi Germany as a weaker
foe than the Imperial Germany 01
1914 while the Allies "are far ahead
of where we were at this time ir
e the other war."
But he cautioned the British in ar
address on the progress of the con-
flict against any relaxation, declar-
ing instead "it is a time to dare an
n The First Lord of the Admiralty
- spoke in this center of British liber-
s alism and free trade for the firs
- time since he launched a move tw
years ago to make the League of Na
tions all-powerful against aggressors
e Hecklers in his Free Trade Ha]
audience interrupted him by calling
the name of Sir Oswald Mosley, Bri-
tish Fascist Leader, but the disturb-
ances ended when a man was eject
* ed after shouting:
1 "We want Mosley and peace!"
Windt To Direct
- Local Dramas
'City Of Flint'
Ends Perilous Voyage;
Captain Praises Crew
Men Relate Stories
Of Grim Adventure
BALTIMORE, Jan. 27.-(AP)-The
weather-beaten American freighter
City of Flint, once seized by a Ger-
man crew and re-dubbed the "Alf,"
came home from her wartime adven-
ture today, her own name in bold,
box-car letters on her sides and the
Stars and Stripes whipping from her
From her 40 crewmen and Capt. J.
A. Gainard came stories of interna-
tional entanglement with Nazis, Rus-
sians, Englishmen and Norwegians;
of warship searchlights stabbing at
her across cold northern waters; of
facing quickly uncovered Russian
guns as she attempted to leave Mur-
mansk; and of a threatened shipboard
Isadore Lubin ci
Dr. Cowie, Noted
Faculty Man, Dies
Of Heart Ailment
Famed Medical Scientist Was Renowned
For Research On Mumps And Goitre;
First Used Stomach Analysis Method
Michigan's leading medical men will join with University officials and
Ann Arbor citizens Wednesday to pay a final tribute to Dr. David Murray
Cowie, distinguished medical scientist and nationally known chairman of
the department of pediatrics and infectious disease, who died here early
yesterday at the age of 67.
Death came to the veteran Ann Arbor physician as the result of a coronary
thrombosis attack with which he was first stricken Thursday. He passed
away in the private hospital which he himself founded on Division Street
Funeral services will be held at 11 a.m. Wednesday at his home at 1617
Cambridge Road, with the Rev. Henry Lewis officiating. Interment will be
at private services in Forest Hill cemetery.
Ever since he graduated from the University medical school in 1896, Dr.
---Cowie had been a member of the fac-
The thin, soft-spoken skipper hade
nothing but praise for his crew, back
home for the first time in 115 days.
They were freed by the Norwegian
government which ruled the Germans
stopped illegally in a neutral port.
"Only once did the crew want to go
to work on a German, and that was
when I restrained them," Gainard
said. He didn't divulge details, but
a crewman said the threatened fifght
was at Tromsoe, Norway, when the
Americans decided to "have it out"
with the Nazi crew.
Why the Germans stopped in Nor-
wegian waters while attempting to'
run the British blockade to Germany
was not explained. One German story
had said the battered boat needed
repairs; another that an ill seaman
"These engines were in perfect
shape, and still are," asserted Chief+
Engineer William H. Logan. "The
only time the ystopped was when the
Germans wanted them to."
The only injured or ill seaman,
said First Officer Warren W. Rhoads,
York, Pa., was Allison Sellers who
"had barked his shins."
Woodchopper Of Doorn
Has Another Birthday
DOORN, The Netherlands, Jan. 27.
-(i?)-In the isolation of snow decked
Doorn Castle, Germany's World War
leader, former Kaiser Wilhelm II,
celebrated his 81st birthday today
against the background of another
Today's only formal function was
a quiet luncheon for 24 guests. Not
even members of the Hohenzollern
family living in Germany were able
to be present. The younger members
of the family-22 grandsons are in
German arm-are all of military age.
Spain Pays Back Jesuits
MADRID, Jan. 27.-(1P)-pain%
official gazette today published a de-
cree returning to the Jesuit Order
properties valued at $30,000,000 which
were expropriated by Republican
Spain Jan. 23, 1932.
Labor Department ExpertE
Says Agreement Aided
WASHINGTON, Jan. 27. -(AP)- As
Labor Department spokesman told1
Congress today that the controvertedi
reciprocal trade agreements program7
had created many more jobs in this
country than it could conceivably
have displaced, and had operated
"very much in favor of the Ameri-
Isadore Lubin, Commissioner of
Labor Statistics, made those state-
ments to the House Ways and Means
Committee which is considering the
Administration's request that the
trade law be extended for three years
beyond June 12, its present expiration
Lubin asserted that from 1934 to
1937 labor employed in producing
agricultural machinery for export to
trade agreement countries increased
by 189 per cent. Labor employed in
producing agricultural instruments
for export to other countries in-
creased by 152 per cent, he said.
The economist clashed sharply,
with Representative Woodruff (Rep.-
Mich.) over the reason for establish-
ment of American branch factories
in Canada and other countries before
the trade program was inaugurated.
Referring to a Commerce Depart-
ment report on the subject issued in
1932-before the Roosevelt Admin-
isration. took office-Lubin said it
showed the factory migration was
due to tariffs, restrictions on ex-
change and interferences with the
free flow of trade.
Woodruff read a paragraph from.
the same report which he contended
showed that Canadian patent laws
were responsible for the shift of
' American factories to that country.
With this issue The Daily sus-
pends publication until Feb. 13.
lty. He specialized in internal medl-
ne and children's diseases.
His record on the faculty one of
,stematic advancement. He first
,rved as assistant in internal medi-
ine, later became instructor, and
ien Clinical Professor of pediatrics
ad Infectious Diseases.
With Dr. Cowie's death, a long and
ventful career of scientific research
ided. He is credited with being the
frst to put into practice the fraction-
[ method of stomach analysis.
He was the first scientist to de-
ribe the inflammatory edema at
he opening of the salivary ducts in
lumps, and this symptom was later
gamed "The Cowie Sign." In co-
peration with Dr. William Chapin,
e developed a biological study of
psonins, a kind of blood serum.
Started Pediatrics Course
To Dr. Cowie is also given the re-
ponsibility for having established in
906 the first clinical laboratory
ourse in clinical medicine, as well
s the first course in pediatrics ever
riven at the University.
Dr. Cowie's writing covered der
00 valuable papers on clinical and
His studies and research of func-
ions of the thyroid gland were said
o be responsible for a great decrease
n simple goitre in Michigan.
Despite the fact that his life was
ully occupied with scientific work,
3r. Cowie for many years took re-
;reat in his cottage on an island in
vans Lake in the Irish Hills, and
1e had planed a trip there this week
vhich was cancelled when he was
Dr. Cowie is survived by his wife,
,he former Anna Marion Cook, M.D.,
>f Evansville, Ind., and by his daugh-
er Margaret Lucy, born June 20,
Active In Welfare
He was active in! state welfare
agencies and he was one of a group
)f scientists responsible; for the Chil-
:ren's Act of Michigan which pro-
vided free medical care for sick
youngsters unable to pay regular fees.
Moncton, New Brunswick, Canada
was the place of Dr. Cowie's birth.
He was born Nov. 19, 1872, received
education in his native town, and
entered Battle Creek College, Michi-
;an in 1892. After graduation from
the University here he went abroad
in 1908 and received his M.D. degree
At the University of Heidelberg.
Dean Albert C. Furstenberg of the
'edical school expressed yesterday
the sentiment of the University to-
ward Dr. Cowie:
"In the death of Dr. Cowie we
have lost a distinguished mem-
ber of our faculty who served
the Mkedical school and the pro-
fession with deep devotion. His
vigorous and energetic life was
productive of many outstanding
achievements in the field of re-
search and dedicated to the serv-
ice of his patients and the pro-
gress of medicine.
"His keen interest in preven-
tive medicine and his scientific
investigations in this field made
him a competent counselor in af-
fairs'of public health and mat-
ters of social welfare. In his
passing our school and the medi-
cal profession have lost an emin-
ent doctor whose ideals of medi-
cal education, profound interest
in research and high standards
of practice have made him a na-
tional figure in American medi-
Dr. Cowie was admitted to the
Api.n P matrn' eiets in 1909:
Complete Municipal Cooperative
Is Inaugurated At GreenbeltMd.
Evil Benzedrine Sulphate Again,
Rears Its Ugly Head--Beware
By RICHARD HARMEL
"How can I keep awake?" echoes
from the- Ann Arbor foothills as 12,-
000 students attempt to cram a sem-
ester's work into a few sleepless hours
of concentrated study. Answer toa
their frantic plea is usually given by
an evil spirit shouting "Zenzedrine
Using stimulants such as this drug
can only have harmful physical ef-
fects, according to Dr. A. C. Frusten-
berg, dean of the School of Medi-
cine, who issued his semi-annual
warning to students desirous of keep-
Benzedrine sulphate, as far as stu-
dents are concerned, is used to avoid
sleep and stimulate the mind. Such
individuals fail to realize the physi-
One student who had used the drug
Dr. Furstenberg recalled, had a dis
astrous experience as a result. Con
tinual use found him feeling mentall
alert and in what he supposed wa
excellent physical condition when h
began to take his final examinatiot
Scarcely a half-hour had passed whe
he began to perspire profusely,
condition followed by violent nause
which made him unable to finish.
Such cases are not uncommon, D
Furstenberg emphasized, and th
same thing can happen to every in
dividual using the drug. Benzedrin
sulphate has a recognized place
the medical profession, he asserte
but "when it is used to produce i.
somnia or to bring about an artif
cial stimulation of the nervous sy
Of Play Production
Lead Season Here
NEW YORK, Jan. 27.-(I)-The
first town in the modern.history of
the United States to attempt putting
the ownership of all its businesses in
the hands of all its people took its;
first step today on its own feet. It
was making money. ,+
The town is Greenbelt, Md.
Although the ownership-of-every-
thing-by-all idea was put into opera-
tion in Greenbelt two and a half
years ago, the townsfolks always had
the support of the promoter of the
plan-the Consumer Distribution Cor-
poration, a non-profit agency set up
under the will of the late Boston
merchant, Edward A. Filene, to aid
But today Percy S. Brown, presi-
dent of the corporation, announced
that the experiment had been 'suc-
cessful and the project was being
turned over entirely to the Greenbelt
The barber shop.
The beauty shop.
The movie theatre.
Each resident of Greenbelt may buy
stock in the holding company. He
will get a fixed return but regardless
of how many shares he holds, he will
have only one vote. This precludes
control by a small group or clique.
Patrons as well as stockholders
share in the profit. Every purchase
is recorded. At the end of the year,
after stockholders' dividends are paid
from profits, the customers share the
balance in ratio to their purchases.
In effect, this reduces prices.
The first task of the new holding
company will be to pay $20,000 due
the Consumer Distributing Corpora-
tion on a $35,000 loan.
Brown said the strict cash and carry
business of the Greenbelt stores -is
growing even though competing
stores in nearby Washington; D.C.,
Prof. Valentine B. Windt, director
of Play Production, has been ap-
pointed director of the 1940 Ann
Arbor Dramatic Season, the Civic
Committee, announced yesterday. He
succeeds the late Helen Arthur, direc-
tor for the past two years.
This organization, which presents
a series of plays every spring, is en-
tering its 11th year. Five plays will
be produced this year, the Commit-