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THE MICHIGAN DAILY
THE EDITOR GETS TOLD...
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control of
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session.
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use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or not otherwise credited in this newspaper. All
rights of republication of all other matters herein also
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mail matter.
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NIGHT EDITOR: LEONARD SCHLEIDER
The editorials published in The Michigan
jDaily are written by members of The Daily
titaff and represent the views of the writers
Vs. Lack Of Foresightw..
T HE REPUBLICANS, and apparently
some of the Democrats, do not like
the Reciprocal Trade Agreements which consti-
tute our foreign trade policy today. After Presi-
dent Roosevelt had given his Congressional mes-
sage, in which he asked continuance of the Act,
Senator McNary, Republican leader from Ore-
gon, commented that the President's "Patriotic
utterances were commendable, his foreign trade
policy fanciful." The statement made it obvious
that he and his cohorts would fight renewal of
the Act from the first crack of the gun.
Last week the House Ways and'Means Com-
mittee began to conduct hearings on the recip-
rocal policy, preliminary to drafting its report
to the floor of the legislature. Called upon to
explain the administration's views was Secretary
of State Cordell Hull, who has made the recipro-
cal pacts his chief interest.. Secretary Hull has
had to defend his agreements so often in recent
months that his arguments have become famili-
ar. The trade agreements,, he told the commit-
tee, should be regarded as an American contri-
bution to world order and well-being. He aver-
red that both national industry and agriculture
had benefited under the program and cited fig-
ures to show how farm income had been re-
gaining lost ground after its setback under the
Smoot-Hawley Tariff. He denied that American
concessions for reciprocity had caused serious
damage to domestic interests..
To give point to the Secretary's views, the
Argentine Ministry announced, even as the
committee was conducting its hearings on the
reciprocal policy, that negotiations for a re-
ciprocal trade agreement between the United
States and Argentina had failed-because the
"aggravated protection" demanded by the U.S.
negotiators made bargaining nipossible.
Argentina's announcement occasioned no great
surprise. Of all the south American nations,
Argentina is least well equipped to trade with
the United States, since both countries wish to
export the same staples. In spite of this, Argen-
tina needs many products from America, includ-
ing rice, potatoes, tobacco, cotton textiles, luth-
ber, paper, oil, iron, chemicals and machinery.
The problem was to find products which the
States could buy from Argentina.
One of these was canned beef, the State De-
partment thought. And thought wrongly. A
powerful clique of Western Congressmen and
lobbyists protested vehemently against what it
called "a ruinous incursion on an American in-
dustry." It made little difference that American
packers actually can very little beef-most of
this sort of meat is used in frankfurters, ham-
burgers and other sandwich meats. Despite this,
the American cattlemen beefed, and the project
had to be abandoned.
The canned beef incident probably played only
a small part in the actual breakdown of nego-
tiations with Argentina. But it illustrated the
reasons in the nutshell. If we had been willing
to sacrifice our domestic canned-beef market,
relatively a small item, we could have found
an outlet for some of our surplus.
That is, we as a nation could have sooner or
later benefited"from the sacrifice. The trouble is
that the packer immediately feels the change,
while those who stand to gain when the trade
cycle actually begins to function may not realize
The Pot Keeps Boiling ...
To The Editor:
AS PROFESSOR DUMOND, I too, believe there
are some things worth fighting for. His
letter in Tuesday's Daily is one which has made
some think of committing mayhem or suicide.
In the first place, the Professor says that he
believes in civil liberties but at the same time
would suppress certain groups. Where, Profes-
sor, will you draw the line? Civil liberties exist
in Germany as long as you do not say anything
contrary to the regime.
Secondly, where has the Professor been for
the past 20 years? He is a student of history,
and yet, he. must have failed to read the docu-
ments which conclusively show the causes of
the last war wre not "ruthless German imperial-
ism," as the American people were led to believe.
Thirdly, is there any reason to believe that
because Democracy fails in Europe it should fail
in the United States? I, for one, know that I
canot fight for a "Democracy" that is (1) 2,000
miles away, and (2) has millions of People under
its yoke. If you feel this is worth fighting for,
to show your sincerity, you can lead the way
To The Editor:
MR. O'MALLEY'S LETTER epresses an atti-
tude which I find is rather common
amongst Michigan students. His statement is
not isolationism: it is cynicism. Mr. O'Malley
seems to agree with Professor Slosson and DIi-
mond as to the morals involved in this European
war-nay, if he were prodded a bit he might
even admit that the United States could con-
ceivably be interested in its eventual outcome.
But to Mr. O'Malley, and to a good many Mich-
igan students, the values involved in the war
and the desirability of our having a word to say
in regard to the character of the settlement and
its effect on us do not seem to be valid reasons
for participating in the war. It could almost
be charged that Mr. O'Malley presumes that we
can naively enter at the end and dictate the
peace without having participated in the con-j
flict. (Indeed, as a point in strategy, the de-
feated party probably would do wel Ito invite
One of the major student objections to United
States participation seems to be that we would
have to join hands with (those villains) Cham-
berlain and Daladier, and that by reason of their
participation we would not be able to write a
treaty permanently eradicating and curing in one
fell swoop all of the ills of the world. Such an
attitude arises from disillusionment over the
outcome of Versailles (which was the most scien-
tific attempt yet to cure Europe's ills and for
whose failure we are in large part responsible)
and from a fundamental lack of understanding
of the character of progress in human develop-
ment and of the nature and the limitations of
It would seem to me that the greatest single
thing we learn from all the social sciences is
that progress is painfully slow and bought at
what seems to be an almost disproportionate
price; that the small costly contributions of hu-
man beings do in the end result add up to pro-
gress, and are therefore worthwhile. In the light
of the trend of history, why should we let our
impatience at the slowness of the rate of de-
velopment influence the making of a grave and
far reaching decision?-a decision which we cer-
tainly ought to make in the interests of our pos-
terity as well as ourselves. Why should we re-
fuse to make our contribution, small and costly
as it is, simply because we are in a hurry and
because we are peeved at the fact that neither
we nor our children will be present to gather its
I am unable to understand why people ex-
pect treaties to last eternally. Everyone admits
that most laws eventually grow obsolete because
they cease to fit the existing situation; they
are then either interpreted by the courts or cast
out altogether. tI seems to me that treaties are
just as rigid as laws and people should not feel
that the great majority (or all) statesmen have
proved themselves villains because they found
they had to interpret treaties or cast them out
altogether. Such action has, it is true, been
taken time and time again by opportunist and
unprincipled statesmen: but people should also
admit the converse and recognize the fact that
it is impossible to write a treaty that will last
forever. Every treaty has to be based on what
went before it; and every treaty, simply because
it is a treaty, will eventually have to be inter-
preted by one or all of its signatories.
The student attitude of which I have been
speaking is cynical, it seems to me, because it is
based on disillusionment with the character of
the treaty which will be written. It does not
see that it could not, all by itself and with the
consent and agreement of the world, write a
treaty which would last eternally and would
plunge us all headlong overnight into the mil-
lenium. It feels that it cannot do this because
there are dirty, unprincipled imperialists such
as Chamberlain and Daladier still alive. I per-
sonally do not believe either that they are ditry
or imperialists-that is a communist blind. What
these students do not see is that it is humanly
impossible for anyone to write such a treaty be-
cause a treaty fits a given situation-and there
is nothing more permanent than change.
We must readjust our attitude and become
more accustomed to a narrower horizon. It is
nice to be very utopian, and that lends itself to
slogan exploitation and fancy writing, but it,
does not lead to a realistic peace which will last
for a time and add its bit to the pile which we
are gradually accumulating. To withdraw from
the whole question because we can't bring about
utopia immediately is not my idea of an attitude
which a college student, in the light of his sup-
posed education and training, shouldb e able to
live with satisfactorily.
With reference to the broader phases of the
Slosson-Dumond-Daily feud, might I suggest
that the January issue of Harpers Magazine
contains an excellent article (War and the Veri-
ties, Ellsworth Barnard) which is an answer to
the isolationists. It seems to me that it is an
admirable statement oft he case; in fact, it is so
admirable that the editors of the magazine felt
constrained to call attention to its quality.
- Roland G. Usher, Jr., Grad.
Axe Grinding? **
to the Editor:
THE LETTER by Professor Dumond in your
column is of a type that even as late as five
years ago we dared to hope we should never see
wiritten again by a rational being. It is a letter
to move a reader to sadness rather than ex-
asperation for it proves the truth of a statement
made in a recent article in Harper's: "Once a
war hysteria has been spread by official propa-
ganda, intolerance for spoken or written criticism
is likely to be greater among the people them-
selves than in the government." Evidently he is
one of those people, but he is a little ahead even
of those, for he is doubting the sanity of the
pacifists already, when the war hysteria has
hardly got under way.
The letter was evidently written under the
stress of feeling, else there is no accounting
for the inconsistency displayed in lashing out at
those who dare to interpret the motives of an-
other, while baldly interpreting the motives of
those who oppose sending help to Finland, or
those who choose to read The Daily Worker. We
hold no brief for The Daily Worker, nor for
Communism nor Nazism, but .we question the
ideals of justice and humanity which spurred
Professor Dumond into print. If these words are
burning symbols to him, as he says, "every-
where," why have we not seen his words in print
about underprivileged humanity in America, or
better still in Michigan?
The tone of the letter would seek to convince
a reader that here is a man who faces realities.
Yet Professor Dumond should know his history
well enough to know that it is the sentimen-
talists who mouth and believe words like hu-
manity, decency, criminals, courage and others
of that ilk. These things are relative, and many
of our feelings about them are reflexes, cuming-
ly played upon by the war mongers. He states,
and the sorrow of the reader threatens to be-
come almost anger, that he is a World War veter-
in and he knows that we achieved what we
set out to do (in the World War) and did it
without losing our souls or our precious liberties.
Yet Gerald P. Nye, to quote a representative
opinion, once said that our heritage from the
last war was the depression, from which we
have not yet emerged. Perhaps Professor Du-
mond has not lost his soul in the depression,
nor his liberties, but thereare thousands of
Americans Who have.
Then; in a burst of fine passion, he winds up
his letter thus: there are worse things than lay-
ing down one's life for one's brother or the
happiness of one's children. In the first place
few children would be made happier by the lay-
ing down of their parents' lives, except in very
trying circumstances, and in the second place,
laying down life for a brother may seem an ex-
cellent thing to the living. It is certain that we
cannot ask the dead who did that very thing, in
Flanders, in Poland and elsewhere how it felt
to die for suffering Belgium, for humanity for
democracy, for any other reflex- arousing word
in the language. But the living ought to be able
to hear the answer sent up by millions of stilled
voices, or else we really may begin to worry
about the humanity on whih Professor Dumond
lays som uch stress.
To The Editor
ON TUESDAY EVENING Prof. Mentor L. Wil-
liams spoke on the subject of current war-
propaganda in this country, and used the publi-
cation of the Institute of Propaganda Analysis
as his text in poining out the nature and extent
of such acivity. The chief objection to this type
of literature was, of course, axe-grinding by
the groups concerned in its production.
Dean Edmonson of the School of Education
introduced the speaker and acted as chairman in
the questioning that followed the address. In
doing so, he took advantage of hisposition deftly
to canel out the burden of Professor Williams'
paper, by implying that the Institute of Propa-
ganda Analysis was itself grinding an axe.
When asked if he intended this, he ran out of
the question by personalizing the issue as a case
of his having been euchered out of the chairman-
ship of a meeting by Mr. Miller, executive secre-
tary of the Institute, and mentioned taking ac-
tion calculated to impede indirectly the work
of the Institute by interfering with the Carnegie
grant under which it operates.
Dean Edmonson did not undertake to prove
any axe-grinding on the part of the Institute,
and is apparently operating on the basis of per-
sonal resentment. against Miller. However, the
chairman of Tuesday's lecture knifed-the speak-
er and his thesis without protest from the au-
I' d Rather
- Ay Samuel Grafton
Hell hath no fury like that of an
ignorant. Congressman staring at a
professor. Your average windjam-
ming Representative gets more sneer
into his pronunciation of the word
"professor" than into his articulation
of any other English tri-syllable.
Even Roo-se-velt sounds like a coo
This applies to the economy bloc,
for some reason, more than to any
other Congressional group. The bloc
just hates books, those who write
them and those who use them. Its
curious rage of last summer against
the Federal Theatre and writers' pro-
jects should not be forgotten. The
dea of men and women reading books,
writing books and acting plays drove
the House Appropriations subcom-
* * *
The same .group, in the name of
economy, has now erased the appro-
priations for three Federal agencies.
It happens that all three are research
agencies, staffed by experts who read
and write books.
It is odd and interesting that the
most conservative group in the House
seems most disdainful of exact knowl-
edge. What can the boys be afraid
* * *
Perhaps they have a suspicion that
the world is becoming complicated
and that the good old days when all
its problems could be solved by a man
with a string necktie, a certificate of
election and a good, strong voice are
oassing. One really must know a
few things these days. The effect
'f lung-power on hard facts is tem-
porary and minor. I can name sev-
ral Congressmen who sound off with-
1ut trepidation on any subject from
farm relief to trade treaties who
must live in terror that some little
professor (who couldn't win an elec-
tion in twenty years) will sneak into
a library some day and write a book
to show them up.
* * *
The total projected saving, $2,000,-
000, equals 0.00024 per cent of the
$8,400,000,000 budget. Yet it is hailed
as an economy move. Economy moves
seem first to run against those men
with glasses and brief cases, who are
forever reading books and bothering
By JOHN SCHWARZWALDER
ROBERT VIROVAI, young Hun-
garian violinist, added another to
his series of personal triumphs with
his first Ann Arbor concert at Hill
Auditorium last night. A large au-
dience enthusiastic paid, tribute to
the astonishing technical and musi-
cal gifts he displayed. From his pro-
grams beginning to its close with en-
cores ranging in period from early
Italia nto modern Russian, he evi-
denced a complete mastery of style,
period, and his instrument. Seldom
indeed has an artist of his years
shown quite as much in both prep-
aration and inspiration.
Notable on the program was his
mastery of polyphonic style in the
Bach Prelude, and the finale of the
Mendelssohn Concerto which he
played with all imaginable fire and
clarity. But by no means second to
these was the warmth and fullness of
tone he displayed, especially' in the
andante of the concerto, the lyric
Romance of Beethoven, and De-
bussy's Fille aux Cheveux de Lin,
which he played as his second en-
His audience was most eager to
witness a display of the pyrotecnics
for which his playing is noted, and
the young artist did not slight that
desire. His crisp spicatti, pizzacatti,
and harmonics (double and trilled)
were beyond comment. His speed,
sureness of intonation, and general
facility taxed the abilities of his cap-
able accompanist, Wolfgang Rebner,
to the utmost at times. These tech-
nical tricks were carried off with
greatest effect in the Caprice of Wien-
iawski, Le Zephyr, of Hubay, and the
finale of the Mendelssohn.
Most astonishing to his audience,
however, was Mr. Virovai's execution
of the Pagahini variations on the I
Palpiti theme of Rossini. The speed,
clarity, and ease 0of his production
were never more pronounced than
here, and his rendition of the final
variations will long be remembered
here as proof that with technic as an
indispensable aid to interpretation,
virtuoso music has definite musical
Such criticisms as are found must
necessarily be minor in character. A
few may regret Mr. Virovai's tempi
in the Bach and the andante of the
concerto. A very few may feel he
did not sufficiently integrate the first
(Continued from Page 2)
Senior typist (open to men only)
salary, $1,440, Feb. 12.
Junior typist (open to men only)
salary, $1,260. (These for appoint-
ment in Washington, D.C. only).
Electrical mechanic (floor scrub-
bing and polishing machines), salary,
$1,860, Feb. 19.
X-Ray Crystallographer, salary
$2,600, Feb. 26.
Petroleum geologist II, salary range
$200-240, Jan. 27.
Landscape architect II, salary
range, $200-240, Feb. 10.
Attendant Nurse C2, salary range,
$75-100, Feb. 10.
Attendant nurse B, salary range,
$105-125, Feb. 10.
Complete announcements on file
at the University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Information,
201 Mason Hall. Office hours: 9-12
Summer Employment: All students
Who wish to register with the Bureau
of Appointments for summer jobs are
notified that registration forms may
be obtained at the Bureau, 201 Mason
Hall, office hours 9-12, 2-4. Several
calls have already been received and
we will recommend candidates as soon
The University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Informa-
Eligibility for second semester:
Students applying for eligibility cer-
tificates for the second semester are
reminded that they must present first
semester report cards at Room 2,
University Hall, in order to assure
immediate receipt of their new cards.
First semester eligibility certificates
wll be invald after March 1.
C.A.A. Ground School: Classes will
not meet until the week of Feb. 12.
Women Students attendng the J-
Hop: Closing hour for the night of
February 9, 1940, will be 3:30 a.m.
for those students attending the
J-Hop, who do not attend an ap-
proved organized breakfast: for those
attending breakfasts approved by the
Dean of Students, the closing hour
will be 4:30 a.m.
Open Badminton on Monday and
Friday eveninsg in Barbour Gymna-
sium will be discontinued during the
examination period beginning Mon-
day, Jan. 29.
Room Assignment for Final Ex-
amination in German 1, 2, 31, and 32.
Saturday, February 3, 1940, 9-12 a.m.
1025 A.H., Philippson, Diamond,
Gaiss, Eaton, Graf.
25 A.H., Braun, Broadbent, Ed-
231 A.H., Striedieck, Norbury, Pott.
B H.H. All sections.
35 A.H., Reichart, Van Duren, Pott.
B H.H., Gaiss.
C H.H., Schachtsiek, Philippson,
1035 A.H., Graf, Ryder.
301 U.H., Wahr.
D H.H. All sections.
Room Assignments for Final Exam-
inations in Mathematics. (L.S. & A.)
The regular classrooms will be used
except for the following classes:
Math. 1, Sec. 2, 301 South Wing,
Velde (118 Haven Hall) will have the
following office hours to sign pro-
grams: Thursday, January 25,I11-12
a.m. and 1:30-2 p.m. He will keep
the following hours in Room 164
Rackham Building: Friday, January
26, 9-12 a.m., Thursday, Feb. 8 and
Friday, February 9, 9-12 a.m. and
1:30-5 p.m., Saturday, Feb. 10, 9-12
a.m. Please note that from Friday,
January 26, consultations will be held
in Room 164 Rackham Building.
Students concentrating in History:
Professor Wheeler, 316 Haven, will
have the following office hours to sign
prograns: Thursday, Jan. 25, Friday
Jan. 26, from 3-5 p.m. Saturday,
January 27, from 10-11 a.m.- From
January 29 to February 2, inclusive,
1-2 p.m. From February 5 to Febru-
ary 9, inclusive, 9-10 a.m. and 2-3
p.m. On February 10, from 9-10
p.m. Appointments may be made in
advance by signing the appointment
sheets posted outside the door of
Room 316 Haven. No appointnints
History 49: Final examination,
Wednesday, January 31, 2-5 p.m.:
Sections 1, 2, in 2003 A.H.; sections
3, 4, 5, in Room C, Haven Hall.
History 11, Lecture Section H:
Final examination Wednesday, Jan.
31, 2-5. Mr. Spoelhof's and Mr.
Rupke's sections will meet in Alum-
ni Memorial Hall; all others in Na-
tural Science Auditorium,
Mathematics 58, Spherical Trigo-
nometry will be offered second sem-
ester, once a week,, one hour credit.
T. N. E. Greville.
Student Recital: John Schwarz-
walder, baritone, accompanied by
Paul Jones, pianist, will give a recital
in partial fulfillment of the require-
ments for the degree of Bachelor of
Music tonight at 8:30 o'clock, in the
School of Music Auditorium on May-
nard Street. Open to the public.
Exhibition, College of Architecture
and Design: A series of 14 fine in-
teriors rendered in color represent-
ing work of the New York School of
Fine and Applied Art is being shown
in the first floor exhibition cases,
January 13 to January 27. Open
daily, except Sunday, 9 to 5. The
public is invited.
University Lecture: Walter Gropus,
Professor of Architecture and Head
of the Department of Architecture in
the Graduate School of Design at
Harvard University, will lecture on
"Contemporary Architecture and the
Training of the Architect" (illustfat-
ed), under the auspices of the Colege
of Architecture and Design, at 4:15
p.m. on Friday, February 2, in the
Rackham Lecture Hall. The public
is cordially invited.
Sigma Xi meeting tonight in the
Rackham- Lecture Hall at 8:00. Ti'av-
eling Air Show, "From Magic Carpet
to Rocket Ships" to be presented by
the staff of The Franklin Insttitute.
Presbyterian Bible Class tonight
from 7:30 to 8:30 led by Dr. W. P.
Lemon. 8:30 to 12:00, Open House,
with entertainment and refreh-
Stalker Hall: Student Bible Class
at the Methodist Church at 7:30 p.m.
led by Dr. C. W. Brashares.
Conservative services will be 'con-
ducted at the Hillel Foundation by
Dr. Isaac Rabinowitz at 7:30 p.m.
tonight and every succeeding Filay
until the beginning of the second
International Center will be open
as usual throughout the examination
period. Wednesday, February 7, a
trip is planned to the Ford Factory
at Dearborn. On Friday February
9 at 7:30 p.m. a special movie pro-
gram will be given to celebrate the
closing of the examination perid.
Fellowship of Reconciliation: Regu-
lar meeting Monday, January 29, at
7:00 p.m. in Lane Hall. Discussion:
"War and the Verities."
Graduate Students and other Uni-
versity students are invited to listen
in the Men's Lounge of the Rackham
Building to a radio broadcast of Wag-
ner's "Lohengrin" given by the Metro-
politan Opera Company Saturday
afternoon at 2:00.
Graduate Outing Club will meet
Sunday, Jan. 27, at 2:30 p.m. in the
rear of the Rackhan Building.
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Math. 1, Sec. 6,
Math 1, Sec. 7,
2231 Angell Hall,
2231 Angell Hall,
Sec. 1, 405 South Wing,
Sec. 3, 3011 Angell Hall,
Sec. 1, 229 Angell Hall,
Sec. 2, 305 South Wing,
3, Sec. 5, 403 South Wing,
3, Sec. 6, 203 Univ. Hall,
7, Sec. 4, 201 Univ. Hall,
51, Sec. 1, 3011 Angell Hall,
51, Sec. 2, 3011 Angell Hall,
111, 208 Univ. Hall, Nesbitt.
195, 405 South Wing, Wil-
Math. 213, 3201 Angell Hall, Rain-
Political Science 1: Final examina-
tion, Thursday, February 1, 2-5 p.m.
Sections will meet in the following
Calderwood, sec. 7, 1935 AH.
Cuncannon, sees. 3, 4, West Physics
Dorr, secs. 1, 2, 1025 AH.
French, secs. 9, 10, 14, 15, 25 AH.
Hayden, sec. 7, 1025 AH.