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January 25, 1940 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1940-01-25

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Editorial
IsTrth
in-American?

VOL. L. No. 89 Z-323 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, JAN. 25, 1940

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Outnumbered
Finns Repulse
Soviet Attack;
Losses Heavy
Russians Attempt Rescue
Of Divisions Reported
In DangerOf Starving
USSR Planes Sink
One Finnish Ship
By WADE WERNER
HELSINKI, Jan. 24.--(P)-A Rus-
sian attempt to overwhelm the Finns
by sheer weight of numbers in order
to rescue two trapped Soviet army
divisions northeast of Lake Ladoga
was repulsed today, the Finns an-
nounced, with "very heavy" Russian
losses.
Finnish sources said the attack was
ordered by Soviet leaders in an effort
lo save the Soviet divisions trapped
and in danger of starving to death
near Aittojoki.
Reported Eating Horse Meat
Snared while trying to outflank
the Mannerheim Line, the Russian
troops were reported eating horse
meat to keep alive.
A Finnish communique said:
"Northeast of Lake Ladoga fierce
lighting continued throughout the
ay. The. enemy attacked in the
greatest strength at Kollaanjoki and
Aittojoki. All attacks were repulsed.
The enemy's losses in this fighting
were very heavy."
Russian attacks on the Karelian
Isthmus before the Mannerheim Line
also were repulsed, the communique
said.
Some observers predicted the flank
defeats being suffered by the Rus-
sians northeast of Lake Ladoga might
have a disastrous effect on the whole
Soviet winter campaign.
Sink Finnish Ship
Russian bombers raiding Finland
today sank one ship-the steamer
Notung-and attempted to bomb an
unnamed German ship which had
ru, aground in the Aland Islands.
The bombs missed the German
vessel.
Nationality of the Notung was not
specified in official reports here.
(Lloyd's Register lists the Notung,
1,133 tons, as Finnish).
The bombing took place at Sottun-
ja, a small island in the eastern part
of the Aland Archipelago, which has
been mined to close the Bothnian
Gulf to the Russian navy.
Three Seniors
Chosen Officers
Richardson Is Named
Head Of Architects
Three seniors of the College of
Architecture and Design were elected
to class offices from a field of eight
candidates in the annual elections
held from 3 to 5 p.m. yesterday in
the College.
Stanley Richardson, of Montclair,
N.J., was named president Tuesday
because of a lack of opposition. Other
officers of the College are as follows:
Carl Guldberg, of Suttons Bay, was
chosen vice-president; Ella Stowe, of
Richmond, Va., secretary, and Rich-
ard E. Putt, of Battle Creek, treasur-
er.
Peter Brown, '41E, who was in di-
rect charge of the elections of the

literary college, the College of Phar-
macy and the School of Education
Tuesday, conducted the polling. Carl
Wheeler, '41E, president of the Men's
Judiciary Council, and Betty Slee,
'41, president of the Women's Judici-
ary Council, headed the committee in
charge of nominations and elections.
Dickinson Proposes
Welfare Economy
LANSING, Jan. 24.-(P)--Governor
Dickinson helped today to whoop
through the resolutions committee of
the State Association of County
Supervisors a proposal that the State
all but step out of the welfare ad-
ministration picture, while earmark-
ing one-third of its sales tax revenues
for counties' relief needs.
Dickinson went sled-length in his
endorsement,.in addressing the Super-
visors' 41st annual meeting, of the
organization's announced objective of

Earl Schenck Describes Tahiti
To Capacity Lecture Audience

Explorer-Scientist Explains Oriin
Indicates Cultural Aeb jevernients

Of
Of

Polynesians;
Islanders

By BERNARD DOBER
It was Tahiti, "the most beautiful
island in the world," and the Rolyne-
sian people who inhabit that island
that Earl Schenck, representative of
the Bishop Museum in Honolulu, de-
scribed to a near-capacity audience

EXPLORER EARL SCHENCK
last night in Hill Auditorum in the
sixth in the series of Oratorical Asso-
ciation lectures.
For 14 years Mr. Schenck indicated,
he has been travelling about Tahiti
State Pastors
Close Annual
Session Here~
Horton Continues Lecture
On Place Of Religion
In Modern Civilization
Three conferences on modern re-
ligious problems and the third lecture
by Prof. Walter Horton of Oberlin's
School of Theology yesterday wound
up the first annual session of Michi-
gan pastors, meeting in the Rackham
Building.
Professor Horton, speaking again
on his general subject, "Can Chris-
tianity Save Civilization?" reaffirmed
his belief that the "Religion of de-
mocracy," having its roots in Chris-
tianity, is undergoing a rebirth in this
country. This revival, he said, is
helping to effect the saving of Chris-
tianity. Christianity that has been
revitalized and regenerated, he de-
clared, can save civilization.
Concluding conferences discussed
"The Church and Our Town," "De-
linquency Prevention," and "The
Pastor as Counselor." In the last
conference, a group led by Dr. Ed-
ward W. Blakeman, the University's
Counselor in Religious Education,
discussed marital relations, counsel-
or's techniques and public health.
The meeting, which was attended
by more than 170 pastors from all
over the state, was sponsored jointly
by the Extension Service and the
Michigan Council of Churches and
Christian Education. It lasted three
days.
Herbert J. Seddon,
Former Instructor,
Wins Oxford Post
Announcement was made in the
London Times during the holidays
that Herbert J. Seddon, a former in-
structor in the University, has been
elected to the Nuffield Professorship
of Orthopedic Surgery in the Univer-
sity of Oxford. Professor Seddon
also becomes a Fellow of Worcester
College and Surgeon of the Wing-
field-Morris Orthopedic Hospital,
Headington, Oxford.
Professor Seddon is a graduate of
the University of London from the
Medical College of St. Bartholomew's
hospital. In accordance with English
practice this gave him a bachelor of
medicine and of surgery. At the age
of 25, he became a Fellow of the Roy-
al College of Surgeons. During his
training he won seven prizes and
scholarships. Between 1926 and 1931
he was an assistant at St. Bartholo-
mew's.
His first introduction to America
came when he became an instructor
in the orthopedic department of the
TTnipaity thmup+rh the+ infunce ofnr

and the other islands of the groupnto
determine the origin of the Polynesi-
an peoples. So far, he and other sci-
entists have succeeded in exploding
the myth that the Polynesian civiliza-
tion has sunk beneath the sea.
Scientists have discoveredhevidence
through the chants of the natives
that the present inhabitants reached
the islands by migrating from various
parts of the Asiatic continent.
It was only by becoming one of the
natives and winning their trust that
Mr. Schenck claimed that he was able
to find out the many things he did.
During the course of the time spent
with the natives he was made a king
and assumed all the privileges and
responsibilities which such an office
holds among the natives.
The explorer showed his feature-
length, all-color film, "Polynesia, A
Tale of Tahiti," which is the first
ever filmed entirely in the South
Seas. Before showing the film, how-
ever, Mr. Schenck said that "no
writer, poet, painter or even motion
picture could capture the beauty of
the South Seas."
The film showed the life of the
Polynesian people on the island of
Tahiti today as they have adapted
themselves to the' modern civilization
which has managed to reach the
island. Despite a few "white man
influences" the islanders are a care-
free people and do very little work.
There is none of the hustle and bustle
which characterizes present day civil-
ization, he said.
Beautiful "shots" captured the mag-
nificence of Tahitian sunsets, the
beauty of flowers which grow all over
the country-side, woodland scenery
and waterfalls, underwater pictures
of the coral and fish life, as well as
pictures of the natives at work.
At one time it was estimated that
there were 50,000 natives inhabiting
the islands, but with the coming of
the white man who brought "too
many microbes" the population has
dwindled to 7,000, Schenck pointed
out.
ROTC Students
IReceive Army
Reserve Posts
Medals And Commissions
Awarded Officers At
Semi-Annual Ceremony
Ronald R. Askren, '40E, and Al-
fred C. Parmenter, '40E, were ap-
pointed second lieutenants in the
United States Army Officers Reserve
Corps yesterday during the ROTC's
semi-annual drill ceremony.
Askren was assigned to the Ord-
nance Department and Parmenter
will serve with the Signal Corps.
The Chicago Tribune presented
gold medals to Theodore M. Zur-
horst, '40E, and Allison F. Childs,
'40E, for their work as instructors of
the platoon winning the first semes-
ter drill competition. Gilbert L.
Stephenson, '41E, and G. A. Grover,
'41E, were awarded silver medals as
assistant instructors.
Bronze medals were given to Har-
old S. Klein, '42, William C. Weyandt,
Jr., '42E, and John Zytkewick, '42E,
who served as squad leaders of the
platoon.
The University also gave a gold
medal to John R. Patten, '43E, and
bronze medals to Jerome S. Miller,
'43E, and Douglas D. Macleod, '43E,
for making the highest scores in the
freshman class in rifle marksman-
ship.

House Fails
To Override
Relief Veto
Ohio Claims Government
Owes State $1,338,000
In Back Pension Funds
Bender Says Move
Was 'Vindictive'
WASHINGTON, Jan. 24.-(P),
Crying "politics" and "Hitlerism,"
Republicans sought but failed today
to induce the House to override a
Roosevelt veto of an Ohio relief bill.
Speaker Bankhead announced the
vote as 171 to override the veto and
153 to uphold it. Since a two-thirds
vote is necessary to pass legislation
over a veto, the Relief Bill was killed.
The issue was whether the Gov-
ernment should make a refund to
Ohio for payments which the Social
Security Board withheld in October,
1938, on the ground that Ohio's old
Age Assistance Plan was administered
irregularly. The State claimed $1,-
338,000.
Gives Reason For Veto
President Roosevelt based his veto
on the contention that the payment
would set a precedent and lead states
to believe that they could violate Fed-
eral aid standards "with impunity
and still get their money."
He expressed hope that his veto
would "serve" notice on every state
in the Union that all kinds of federal
aid must be conditioned on full com-
pliance with the Federal law."
As soon as the message was read
to the House, administration leaders
tried to thwart a vote on overriding
the veto by referring the matter to
a committee, but Republicans howled
down the move.
On the roll call, some Democrats
joined Republicans in voting to over-
ride. They held that complete denial
of the funds to Ohio as reimburse-
ment for money the State already
had spent for social security aid was
too severe a penalty.
Terms Act Vindictive
Representative Bender (Rep., O.)
branded the veto "sheer political vin-
dictiveness," and Rep. Vorys (Rep.,
O.) asserted that it "deliberately ig-
nores the most important fact in the
situation-that a clean Republican
governor has corrected every abuse
that was charged."
Martin L. Davey, a Democrat, was
governor at the time the grant was
vithheld. He denied complaints that
he had used the State pension sys-
tmn for political purposes
Eleanor Roosevelt
Lectures On War
WASHINGTON, Jan. 24.--(P)-
Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt told the
15th Conference on the Cause and
Cure of War tonight that "the time
is coming" when the American peo-
ple will have to decide what they
"really want to do for peace."
Addressing more than 500 repre-
sentatives of 11 women's organiza-
tions, Mrs. Roosevelt said that the
sooner the American people realized
that they must make sacrifices for
peace, the quicker peace would be
accomplished.
"'We have never really- got down
and said that we are willing to do
thus and so for peace," she declared.
"But the time is coming when we
will have to do that."
Mrs. Roosevelt advised the women
first to educate their children, and

"then prepare for peace by facing
the problems in the world so there
will be no quibbling when the time
comes for discussions."

Ontario Beats
Puckmen, 5-4
In Hard Battle
Aggies' Packman Pushes
Puck Into Varsity Net
In Closing 11 Seconds
Mob Fight Features
Wild Third Period
By ART HILL
A wild third period found the
Michigan hockey team coming out
second best in a contest with a fight-
ing Ontario Agricultural College out-
fit last night, after Doug Packman,
speedy Aggie wingman, had shoved
the puck past "Spike" James, Wol-
verine oalie, with but 11 seconds re-
maining before the final gun to give
the visitors a 5-4 victory.
The game was featured by a mob
fight midway in the third period with
all members of both teams trading
punches in front of the Michigan net.
The fracas started as a result of two
Ontario wingmen falling on Cap-
tain James /as he lay prone in front
of his goal after a series of sensa-
tional saves. Jim Lovett of the Wol-
verines and Doug Packman received
five-minute penalties after the melee.
The first period was dull with the
puck remaining near center-ice most
of the time. After 19 minutes and
52 seconds had passed with no score,
Johnny McEwen received the puck
after a double pass, Warner to Phil-
lips, and pushed it by goalie James.
As the second period began, Cy
Miner replaced Sam Ault at the goalie
position for the visitors. Early in
this frame, Bob Collins, Wolverine
second-line wing, was removed from
the game with a badly twisted ankle,
suffered as he hit the boards behind
the Michigan goal.
Two minutes later, Doug Packman
broke into the clear at the right of
the Michigan goal and fired the disk
into the net from a difficult angle
to put the Canadians in the lead,
2-0.
Larry Calvert scored the first Mich-
igan goal in 16:48 of the second period
after skating past the Aggie defense-
(Continued on Page 3)

Lewis

New Deal 'Broke
Faith With Labor'

Maintain

R. V. Thayer
.Will Present
Aviation Show
Aviation in review, from "Magic
Carpet to Rocket Ships" will be pre-;
sented here under the direction of
R. V. Thayer of the Franklin Insti-;
tute at 8 p.m. tomorrow in the Lec-
ture Hall of the Rackham Building.
The traveling air show, which will
be brought here by the Franklin In-
stitute of Philadelphia under the
sponsorship of Sigma Xi, national
scientific honor society, will feature
special demonstrations, animated
motion pictures and high-speed pic-
tures to describe the principles of
aerodynamics and to present the his-
tory of man's progress in conquering
the air.
Mr. Thayer, a graduate of the Uni-
versity of Pennsylvania, has been as-
sociated with the Franklin Institute
since 1934. Officially in charge of
the demonstration, he will be assist-
ed here by Charles W. Schlipf, A
graduate of the University of Virginia
where he majored in economics, Mr.
Schlipf includes among his affilia-
tions the Junior Aero Club, the Phila-
delphia Model Airplane Association
and the Aero Club of the University.
of Virginia.
Presented from the viewpoint of
a non-technical audience, the show-
ing here will feature a model wind
tunnel demonstration and a series of
motion pictures of birds, modern and
prehistoric, in flight.
State Medical Group
To TreatCripples
BAY CITY, Mich., Jan. 24.-()P)-
Dr. L. Fernald Foster, secretary of
the Michigan State Medical Society,
said here tonight that members of the
organization are considering furnish-
ing medical attention to afflicted
and crippled children without charge
because of displeasure over reduced
State appropriations.
Dr. Foster accused Emerson R.
Boyles, the legal adviser to Gov. Luren
Dickinson, of "capitalizing on the
tra ditionnal charityo f the meal 1 nm-

Lion Tosses Furniture
At Death Valley Scotty
LOS ANGELES, Jan. 24.- () -
Chief Hummingbird, desert Indian,
is in town telling about a mountain
lion that put Death Valley Scotty on
crutches by hurling a table at him.
Scotty's rattlensake dog, Queenie,
was barking outside the hideway
shack of the desert rat. Scotty saw
a mountain lion on the branch of a
tree where he had hung a quarter of1
beef.
The lion leaped, striking a table
near Scotty and hurling it against
him. It crushed Scotty's left foot.
The Lion fled.
Chief Hummingbird said Scotty
came to his Desert Castle, five miles<
from the shack, with the aid of
home-made crutches.l
SRA Publishes
New Religious
journal Today
Free Copies Are Available'
At Lane Hall; Huston,
Asks For Contributions
Religious Forum, new publication
of the Student Religious Association,
comes out today featuring articles
on several subjects related to modern1
religious problems.
Featured in the new magazine is an
article by Jerome W. Mecklenburger,
'41, who deals with the problem of
anti-Jewish prejudice. He attempts
to "debunk" the proposed solution
that Jews retire from public life and'
thus remove the provocation for anti-
Semitism, according to John Huston,'
'41, director of publications at the
SRA.
Among other articles in the Forum
is a discussion of "Education for the
Religious," by R. Irwin Bowers, '41,
who advocates sweeping changes in
the undergraduate educational pro-
gram.
Copies of the Forum are available
free at Lane Hall or at church guilds
throughout Ann Arbor. Contribu-
tions for the Forum for next month
should be sent -to Lane Hall before
Feb. 10. The magazine is designed
as a place for discussion of all the
religious problems and personal phil-
osophies of students.
Waterway Plan
To BeReported
U.S. And Canada Claim
Agreement Reached
WASHINGTON, Jan. 24. -()-
The United States and Canada,
through their engineering advisors,
have reached "substantial agreement"
on a Great Lakes-St. Lawrence deep
waterway and power development.
The State Department announced
tonight, at the conclusion of three
days of discussions with a Canadian
delegation, that the talks had
reached a point where the two dele-
gations will report to their respective
governments on matters of policy re-
quiring governmental decision.
The two delegations agreed to go
back to a plan presented in 1926,
involving construction of a waterway
27 feet deep around the internation-
al rapids section of the St. Lawrence,
construction of a main dam in the
vicinity of Barnhart Island, with a
powerhouse in each country and a
control dam upstream.

Reward Is Offered
For Ypsi Firebug
YPSILANTI, Mich., Jan. 24.-(P)-
Another in the series of incendiary
fires which have endangered the
lives of nearly 300 pupils in the Wood-
ruff Grade School here recently, led
to action today by the Board of
Education in offering a reward of
Afr n, informatio ln e in irarn-

S

CIO's President Predicts
'Ignominious Defeat'
For FDR 'Reelection'
Speech Addressed
To Mine Workers
COLUMBUS, 0., Jan. 24. -(A)-
John L. Lewis, splitting decisively
with the New Deal, today asserted
the Democratic Party had broken
faith with labor and predicted Presi-
dent Roosevelt would encounter "ig-
nominious defeat" if he sought a third
term.
The president of the United Mine
Workers of America and the Congress
of Industrial Organizations told the
U.M.W. Convention "the Democratic
Party is in default to the American
people." He warned that only a coali-
tion with labor would defeat the Re-
publicans in November.
Democrats Can't Solve Problems
"After seven years of power," he
said, "the Democratic Party finds it-
self without solution for the major
questions of unemployment, low na-
tional income, mounting internal
debt, increasing direct and consumer
taxation and restricted foreign trade."
Expressing disbelief that Roosevelt
would seek reelection, Lewis re-
marked:
"Conceding that the Democratic
National Convention could be coerced
or dragooned into renominating him,
I am convinced that, with the condi-
tions now confronting the nation and
the dissatisfaction now permeating
the minds of the people, his candid-
acy would result in ignomious de-
feat."
Lewis in his surprise attack on
the New Deal suggested it would be
unwise for the Convention to endorse
any candidate for President at pres-
ent. He recommended it empower
the Union's international executive
board "to deal with this problem as
conditions warrant."
Lewis Addresses Chemical Workers
Later, Lewis told a meeting of gas,
chemical and coke workers that his
New Deal attack was "intended to be
a distinct jar to professional politi-
cians in the Democratic Party and
the Republican Party of this coun-
try."
"I intended it to serve notice that
labor was not to be taken for grant-
ed," he commented. "Any politician
says he is a friend of labor when
he is campaigning because it is poli-
tically expedient. In reverse token,
he ceases to be a friend of labor
when it becomes politically exepedi-
ent."
Lewis remarked that he would not
be satisfied until all chemical indus-
tries are organized by the CIO-"in-
cluding those, of the royal family of
Delaware."
"The DuPonts are human," he add-
ed, "and I am getting closer to them
all the time."
Two other potential Democratic
presidential candidates, Vice-Presi-
dent John N. Garner and Paul V.
McNutt, federal security administra-
tor, previously were denounced by
Lewis, whose opinions are a beacon
for the more than 600,000 U.M.W.
members.
Book Exchange
To Open Feb. 1
Will Be Situated In Union
For Two Week Period
Walter B. Rea, assistant Dean of
Students, and Miss Jeanette Perry,
assistant Dean of Women, are serving
on the committee in charge of the
Student Book Exchange, which will
be open Feb. 1-14, inclusive, in the

Union, Robert Ulrich, '41, announced
yesterday.
Other members of the committee
include Roberta Leete, '40; Harriet
Sharkey, '40; Port Brown, '41, and
Ulrich.
Demand for textbooks in current
use is practically unlimited, Ulrich
explained, and any student who has
books to sell may bring them to the
Exchange.
Hours of the Exchange will be 1:30-
, ".2na - '0T1% ' n - 0 e n A

Virovai, 18-Year-Old Violinist,
To Present Concert Here Today

Robert Virovai, the 18-year-old vi-
olinist who "made a career for him-
self with 25 minutes of playing at
his debut Nov. 4, 1938," will make
his first appearance in Ann Abor
at 8:30 p.m. today to deliver the
eighth Choral Union concert.
Dr. Charles A. Sink predicted a
capacity house last night, but said
that single tickets are still available
at the School of Music Office and at
the Auditorium box-office.
Acclaimed by music critics all over
the country for his "genuine talent"
and "artistic conscience," Virovai has
pmrtan1lichar imcnif in t+ice nmm+,r

mw~.

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