dents of the University of
of the Board in Control of
ry morning except Monday during the
and Summer Session.
er of ,the Associated Press
d -Press is exclusively entitled to the
ation of all news dispatches credited to
rwise credited in this 'newspaper. All
ication of all other matters herein also
eat Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
ular"'-school year by carrier,
|NTED FOR NATIONAL. ADVEtR-iSI 'BY
ml Advertising Service, Inc.
lege Publishers Representative
ADISON AVE. NEW'YORK, N. Y.
BOSTON ' LOS.ANGELES -AN FRANCISCO
sociated Collegiate Press, 1939-40
. . . Paul R.,'Park
Manager Ganson P. Taggart
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ager . . Jane Mowers
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lished in The Michigan
members of The Daily
he views of the writers
The editorials publ
ily are written by
ff and represent t,
I To Demo cracy
NCESSANT DAILY headlines tell the
sitry of World War II - Raider
British Ve si-Gei-man Sub 'Suik-Rus-
nters Finanrd'-Fi s Defeat Russidn Bat-
i-Three Dead In Helsinki. Charges of ag-
.on fly thick and fa'st as the European gov-
ents try to tiinuiate war sympathy from
s a sordid spectacle, devoid of any morals.
;ope, created and defined by force of arms
18, is now experiencing an attempt of the
ted to change the imposed settlement
gh the same medium of armed force. And
the successfulaggressors of the last World
are charging ther recalitrant losers with
gressing upon the sandtity of the 'moral
One does not justify the part that the
ted powers played in the last'war when one
ions the -meaning of -morality that is in-
i by the victors of the last war in defense
e settlement they forcefully imposed 22
.ago. As applied to the settlements aris-
rom the last World War, the word aggres-
with its moral implications has lost anyP
ate meaning and cainot be the basis of
,ction in its behalf.
ispicuously absent, however, from the front'
i has been news of the war in China. Un-
aoular and not newsworthy, the ravages in
a today far overshadow the :'EurOpean con-
in unrelentless destru'cton a d accuinula-f
nisery. Her 450,000,000. people have been
jnocent victims of two-and-a-half years of
nost intensive -and ruinous attacks any na-
has yet ;suffered. Fertile country-side,
ed cities, hospitals, 'schools, 'universities,
actores have'been ruthlessly laid waste by
n's armies. Three Dead in Helsinki reads
eadline. Countless thousands 'have perished
Herbert Hoover hasn't got a relief :conm-
e for China, President ~Roosevelt is 'not
sing loans for China, the press isn't con-
ig a sympathy campaign for China, and
Arbor ministers are not carrying on a pulpit
for relief to China.
d China is not a creation of the last World
but product of the culture of many genera-
of Chinese people who were 'bravely and
creating the !bases for the .evolution of a
vital, Chinese democracy when Japan
hed her unprovoked military camapaign of
and destruction upon her in 1937. Schools,
ng, universities, hospitals,and other public
4 were being constructed, much of which
subsequently destroyed. The task of re-
ructing China was going forward inten-
ien Japan unprovokedy attacked China,
ransgressed those principles of human and
nal conduct which civilization has formu-
. She transgressed the moral code ofrman-
a code of ultimate values which may
ingly and legitimately be invoked only
tose who have themselves observed -it. China
invoked that code. Japan may meaningly
validly be denouced =as an 'aggressor,.and
opriate action is obligatory if'the denuncia-
is to be effective.
tion on the part of the United States need
nclude 'the giving of loans to China. Much-
effective would be the negative action of
g a trade embargo upon Japan, for ' the
ed States supplies 55percent of the wartma-x
Is that Japan needs for 'her -destructive
support of the bycott of Jaaanese goods which
're =ci "to buy American arms.
The war in the Far East 'represents the 'de-
,A strutctive aggression of imperialist Japan upon
they-promising -embryo of -a vital' "Chinese de
mocracy. It becomes inicumbent upon those
who believe in 'democracy to support those
measures whic\ will be the most effectivein
preserving and fostering its growth, wherever it
may flourish. Congress is consideringembargo
legislation this sessio. Manifest your belief
in democracy and in 'the 450,000,000 people a
struggling China by urging your senator and
congressmen to support a trade embargo against
- Robert Speckard.
HE FINAL EXAMINATION period_
comes to North Haven, Mass., as
inevitably as it does to .every college town, but
perhaps more successfully. A student desiring
to prepare for her exams there says goodbye lei-
surely to the social whirl because, when she
finally does gather up her books and retire, it is
common knowledge that she will be able to study.
Smith College is utilizing the basements of
various buildings as study- halls, each divided
into numerous small rooms, windowless, though
ventilated, 'soundproof and bare except for a
desk, a chair and a bright lanip in each. When
a 'Smith girl retires to review or 'cram,' there
are no disturbing elements. And in the end she
has nto excuse .for failure, or, for that matter,
much opportunity to fail.
The 'typical 'Michigan student, however, pores
over-his books in some league or fraternity house,
or dormitory, with, ,at best, under quiet house
rules, merely the buzz of 'voices or a radio pene-
trating the walls of 'his room from both sides,
and with only occasional telephone calls or
bursts of noise-just enough and at the right
intervals to break his train of thought regularly.
The privilege of using the libraries and cam-
pus study halls is a worthless one when absolute,
concentration is necessary for memory, work.
Students "enter and leave, chairs sidle about
audibly, pages crackle, someone coughs, and
the slightest tdisturbance becomes an irirtating
distraction,. The only isolated 'places for study
are 'ibrary stalls reserved for graduate students,
4ad even they must show extraordinary cause
for permission to use them.
It is 'ironical that an -institution dedicated to
education has not provided a single opportunity,
for those of its undergraduates who wish to
study under satisfactory concentration condi-
tions; that is, alone, in silence, and for a suf-
ficiently long period of time. There are no
figures available as to the efficacy of study in
living quarters or reading halls, but it is logical
to assume that a better concentration atmos-
phere might well be correlated with a rise in
the scholastic level.
The University of Michigan, at any rate, can
lose nothing by joining with the progressive col-
leges-min this country that are ptoviding more
adequate study facilities. Extra space could be
utilized here for individual, soundproof studies.
. . ace.
GETS TOLD . . .
I have tried for days to restrain my too fre-
quent pen, but the long series of attacks, editorial
and by letter, against any aid, even charitable,
to the distressed peoples of the Old World, has
passed the limit of my endurance. One letter
actually tells the students to take the "bold;
courageous step"-I held my breath, expecting
at the'least an' invitation to war or revolution-
of what? Refusing to read the war news! How
-bold land courageous the ostrich must be!
"Morty-Q" sneers at Hoover's Finnish relief
committee on the ground that "Mr. Herbert
Hoover never drew a humanitarian breath in
'is life." I will let the millions of Belgians
whose life he saved during 1914-18 and the
millions of Austrians, Poles and others whom
he saved during 1919-20 by organizing relief
answer that question! Several editorials have
said that it was wicked to feed starving Finns
so long as there was one hungry American. One
editorial actually urged that our economic in-
terests should induce us to go on selling the ma-
terials which enable Japan to conquer China.
Whether discussing Poles, Finns, Chinese or any
other attacked or oppressed people the tone is
-always "Too bad, but we mustn't let our sympa-
-thies go to the point of actually paying .out
The baseness of this attitude really disturbs
me. If such is the true voice of Young America,
the hope of international union and peace in the
coming generation is nil, and there will be na-
tionalist wars till a nobler generation is born.
I trust it is but the voice of a minority, dispro-
portionately represented in your columns.
As to ,the argument of "feed America first,"
well I have noticed one thing in many years
contact with the churches, that the man in. the
pew who grumbles most against "wasting money
on 'foreign missions" is not the heaviest con-
tributor to home missions or to the pastor's
salary. After all, Finns, Poles, -Jews, Chinese,
etc. are literally starving to death and in some
cases (China especially) by the millions; how
many a year actually die of starvation in the
United States? With all our distresses we are
still the wealthiest nation on earth. If we cdn-
'tribute nothing, where shall the starving -look
Does the Michigan Daily endorse the further
baseness of many metropolitan papers which
attack the admission of refugees to this country
on the ground that we have unemployment? I
Cold, isn't it?
IS IT ALL RIGHT with you if Gulliver ex-
presses his extreme displeasure with Gulli-
ver's Travels, the full-length cartoon which
played at the Majestic this week? What annoyed
him most was the extreme vulgarity of the
"treatment" of Jonathan Swift's masterpiece.
The bad taste which our moviemakers display
is equalled perhaps only by that of certain sec-
tions of our metropolitan press.
Mr. Dave Fleischer, who produced Gulliver's
Travels, has moved his studios to Florida, so
that we can no longer use "Hollywood" as a
synonym for crudity, vulgarity, or what have
you; but we can still (as this Fleischer film
demonstrates) equate movie producers with vul-
garians and debasers of the literary -coin. The
Gulliver's' Travels cartoon is the worst sort of
counterfeit because it fails even in its most ele-
mentary function, which is to reproduce at a
grammar school level (with Disney-ish imagina-
tive frills) the simple story of the great satire.
Even if we admit 'that the cartoon could not
even have hinted at Swift's biting satire (and
this your Gulliver will not for a moment admit),
that is no justification for turning the story into
a cheap musical comedy and making of Gullivet
a drooling giant who can find nothing better
to say 'than "my, my." 'Nor is it a justification
for titillating our 14=year olds with the exciting
notion 'that there were jitterbugs in the 17th
century top. Nor is it a justification for building
the 'story around a conflict between two songs
(or is it smash song hits?).
UT ANYBODY who saw the Russian prdduc-
tion of Gulliver's Travels (done with a real
boy and several thousand puppets) a few years
ago knows that the 'job could be done in such
a 'fashion as to delight children and provoke (not
disgust) grownups; granted that the satire was
Soviet propaganda, it was at least satire.
Gulliver's suggestion is fairly simple. You
know the signs that they hang in front of bur-
lesque -houses-CHILDREN UNDER 18 POSI-
TIVELY NOT ADMITTED. Why not change.
the sign just a little and hang it in front of every
theatre which is showing Gulliver's Travels and
pictures of its ilk-CHILDREN OVER 14 POSI-
TIVELY 'NOT ADMITTED .
* * e *
THE BEST STORY of the week: The Board in
Control of Publications was tendering the
annual dinner to the junior and senior editors of
The Daily. Sports Editor Mel Fineberg found
himself seated next to Dean Joseph Bursley, who
didn't recoghize him. The Dean stuck out his
hdnd and said, "My name is Bursley, what's
"Mel Fineberg," answered our hero.
"What's your job?" asked Mr. Bursley.
"I'm Sports Editor, what's yours?"
By YOUNG GULLIVER
SASHINGTON - The holiday
-which Sistie and Buzzie Dall re-
cently finished spending in the White
House was full of excitement, but for
Buzzie, at least, the most eventful day
of all came just before he was about
to depart for Seattle.
Waylaying the President on thed
way to his office, Buzzie said:
"Grandpa, how's chances of having
lunch with you? You promised you'd
let me do that sometime, and I'm go-
ing home today."
"Okay, Buzzie," replied his doting
grandfather, "it's a date. I'll see you
at lunch-and be sure to wash your
But when the President got to his
desk, General Watson, White House
appointment secretary, reminded him
that he had a luncheon conference
scheduled with Myron Taylor, new
envoy to the Vatican, plus Secretary
Hull and Under Secretary Welles.
"I guess that lets Buzzie out. Too
bad; he'll be disappointed," remarked
the President, and asked Watson to
explain the situation to the boy.
Buzzie was heart-broken. "But why
can't I come anyway?" he pleaded."
"I won't say a word and I won't give
away any secrets. Honest, cross myy
"There Isn't enough room on the
President's desk for five trays," ad
libbed General Watson,
"Qh, that's easy," exclaimed Buzzie.
"I'll put mine on the floor and eat
there. Just as we do on a picnic."
The President was- so amused when
he heard this that he rescinded his
order, and Buzzie squeezed in be-
tween his grandfather and Sumner
Welles. Silently he ate his lunch at
the big offiial table while the four
grownups discussed high matters of
state, presumably the prospects of
peace in Europe and the steps which
Ambassador Taylor would take to
The confidential war reports re-,
ceived by government agencies have
not been too optimistic of late re-
garding the Allied positions.
This pessimism has nothing to do
with the sudden mobilization of the
Dutch and Belgians, -which had be-4
hind it only thefact that the canals
'which constitute the best defense
against Germany were frozen, and
the lowland countries suddenly real-
ized how easy it would be for the
Nazis to cross.
Chief reason for pessimism Is the
very mediocresuccess of the British
blockade, plus rumblings of new con-
versations between Russia and Ger-
How far these new conversations.
have gone is impossible to say. But
they revolve around the Russian
failure in Finland and' the fact that .
the Russian transportation system
has broken down. This gives the Ger-
mans an excellent excuse to become
the technical doctors of the Soviet.
In fact, Foreign Minister von Rib-
bentrop, who has been under a lot of
German army criticism for negotiat-
ing the Russian pact in the first
place, now sees this as a golden op-
portunity to redeem himself. He has
proposed to Stalin that Germany take
over Russia's 'transportation and in-
dustry, but only if she has a com-
pletely free hand, and if it will be a
long term job.
Whether Stalin accepts is anyone's
guess. But if he does. Russia and
Germany together will constitute the
most powerful region in the world,
ruled by two dictators, stretching
from the Rhine to the Pacific.
This potential alliance, plus the
bogging down of the British naval
blockade, is behind the change of
Allied tactics and the Chamberlain
threat that war may soon become
much grimmer. There is even some
talk in Allied war councils of a spring
attempt to break through the Sieg-
This also is behind the huge new
buying orders for airplanes placed in'
this country. The whole strategy of
the Allies now is to cut-the war short,
if possible with smashing victories,-
rather than continue the starvation.
tactics which were originally planned.
The starvation strategy broke
down withathe partialfailure of the
blockade and the deals Germany
made to buy goods in the Balkans. It
will break down completely if and.
when Stalin lets Germany take over'
his railroads and industry.
With black tie and dinner jacket,
the President uses a long, thin, dull-
black metal cigarette case decorated
with a gold-etched rural scene, and
with his initials engraved in a sun
in the upper right-hand corner .
The Capital has had local magazines
dealing with its socialites and po0-
litical big-wigs, but now 'tens of
thousands of government employes
are to have a monthly devoted to
them. Called "The Government Em-
ployees' Digest" and edited by young
Paul Toneman, the magazine will
(Continued from Page 2)j
ness Office is now accepting, and
will continue to accept, further ap-
plications for group hospitalization
through and including Feb. 5, 1940.
If ten or more applications are re-'
ceived between now and Feb. 5, such
applications will be effective as of,
that date, with a premium deduc-
tion from the payroll of February"
29. Information and applicationf
cards concerning the plan may bei
obtained at the Business Office. I
Studernt Loan Committee meet-
ing in Room 2, University Hall, at,
2:00 p.m. Wednesday, Jan. 24. Allt
applications to be considered for
the meeting must be filed in Room
2 before Monday noon, Jan. 22 and
appointments made with the com-
All Students, Registration for second
semester: Each student should plan'
to register for himself during the
appointed hours. Registration by
proxy will not be accepted.
Robert L. Williams
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETI
Editor's Note: Through an unavoidable com-
plication in the setting up of yesterday's edi-
torial page the last two paragraphs of the edi-
torial features story analyzing the peacevresolu-
tions of the American Stuident Union were not
set up. The last section is reprinted here, in
order toavoid the misconceptions that might
arise from reading an incomplete article.
THERE WAS ONE POINT however, on which
the delegates had no unanimous opinion to
offer: the question of the.Soviet move into Fin-v
land. Some delegates thought that the evidence
indicating that England was planning an Anti-
Soviet war was conclusive, and that the Russian
government was therefore justified in taking
the'initiative to prevent -a repetition of the wars
of -Intervention of 1919-1921. Other delegates
felt, on the other hand, that Finland was the
victim of unprovoked aggression and that the
American Student Union should condemn Rus-
sia as an aggressor and adopt the attitude to-
ward Finland which it endorsed for the victims
of fascist aggression. Both these points of view
were expounded at great length. As the dis-
cussion proceeded it became clear that neither
-extreme could possibly lay the basis for the
unity of the American Student Union in its at-
tempt to organize the peace movement on the
The resolution which the delegates adopted
was in every sense a compromise. It in no way
attempts to justify the Soviet war in Finland;
but neither does it overlook the danger to Ameri-
can peace involved in playing up the Finnish
question in the same way that Belgium was ex-
ploited'in:1914. It points out the greatest dan-
ger to American peace today-the possibility of
our being urged into economically aiding the
cause of the Allies, whether that move takes the
form of direct aid to England or more planes
and more'millions to Finland.
None of the delegates to the convention at
Madison imagined that the peace resolution
which they passed is the statement which thost
who agree with Soviet governmental policy de-
sire; neither is it the blanket condemnation
which some delegates originally sought. It rep-a
resents - a compromise. But it also represents
a significant achievement: for it is a program
around which the Amnerican Student Union can
'effectively dperate. It is a program which is
aimed at skeeping the United States out of all
existing wars, broad enough .to accommodate all
groups and individuals who want to work for a
peaceful and progressive America.
which divides our nation from the rest of the
'world than at the line which givides one state
from another. The Daily, which once seemed to
take for its motto the noble old words "My Coun-
requested to be seated on time'as the
doors will be closed during numbers.
Exhibits -of the University's Arch-
eological Research in the Philippines,
Great Lakes Region, Ceramic Types
of the Eastern United States and of
Ceramic Technology and Ethnobo-
tany are being shown in the Mezza-
nine floor Exhibit rooms - of the
Rackham Building. - Also exhibited
are antiquities from the University
excavations at Seleucia-on-Tigris and
from Karanis. Open daily from 2:30
to 5:30 and from 7:30 to 9:30, ex-
Exhibition, paintings by John Pap-
pas and a collection of German prints
from the Detroit Art Institute,'Alum-
ni Memorial Hall, 2 to 5 p.m.
Exhibition, College of Architecture
and Design: A series of 14 fine in-
teriors rendered in color represent-
ing work of the New York School of
Fine and Applied Art is being shown
in the first floor exhibition cases,
January 13 to January 27. Open
daily, except Sunday, 9 to 5. The
public is invited.
Registration Material, Colleges -of
L.S.&A., Education, and Music: Stu-
dents should call for second semester
registration material at Room 4 Uni-
versity Hall as soon as possible. Please
see your advisor and secure all nec-
Robt. L. Williams,
Registration Material, College of
'Architecture: Students should callI
for second semester material at Room'
4, University Hall, at once. The
College of Architecture will post an
announcement in the near future
giving the time of conferences with
your classifier. Please wait for this
notice before seeing your classifier.
Robt. L. Williams,
Assistant Registrar. i
Doctoral, Examination of Miss
Margaret E. Whitney will be heldi
at 8:30 a.m. today, in 3089
Natural Science Building. Miss
Whitney's department of special-
ization is Zoology. The title 'of
her thesis is "The Hermaphrodite
Gland and Germ Cells of 'Vallonial
Dr. Peter Okkelberg, as chairman
of the committee, will conduct the
examination. Biy direction of the
Executive Board, the chairman has]
the privilege of inviting members
of the faculty and advanced doctoral
'candidates to attend the examination
and to grant permission to others
who might wish to be present. 1
C. S. Yoakum°
Doctoral Examination of Mr. Fred-.
eric Oliver Crandall will be held at
2:00 p.m today in the West
Council Room, Rackham Build-
ing. Mr. Crandall's department of1
specialization is Speech and Gen-]
eral Linguistics. The title of his thesis0
is "Three Studies in Propaganda in
the American Theatre."]
Dr. Louis M. Eich, as chairman of
the committee, will conduct the ex-
ami Atior. By direction of the Ex-
ecutive Board, the chairman has the
privilege of inviting members of the
faculty and advanced doctoral candi-
dates to attend the examination and
to grant permission to others 'who
'might wish to be present.
C. S. Yoakum
Choral Union Ushers: Please re-
port at Hill Auditorium before 7:30
tonight for "Information Please."
- Attention of School of Music up-
perefassmen: The course B232,
Modern Harmony, Miss Cuyler, will
be given on MWF at 8, Room 406
Tower, rather than at the hours an-
nounced in the supplementary bullet-
School of Music Students will please
consult the following advisors be-
fore making out their elections for
the second semester. Procure regis-
tration blanks from Room 4; Uni-
versity Hall, before calling on your
advisor. Schedule of hours from
Jan. 22 to Feb. 3:
Music Education (general super-
vision) Mr. Matterh, BMT, by ap-
pointment; see schedule on door.
supervision)M Mr. Revelli, Morris
Hall, 'daily 2-.
Musicology and Music Literature,
Mr. McGeoch, BMT, TuTh., 10-12.
All other students: Miss Cuyler,
SM, Mon., Jan. 22, 2-4; Tues. Jan.
23, 2-4. Mrs. Case, SM, TuTh., 2-4.
Mr. Filkins, BMT, M Tu W Th F,
Jan. 29-30-31 and Feb. 1-2, 10-12.
All applied music teachers will be
glad to make suggestions if asked.
Conflicts in final examinations in
the Engineering College must be re-
ported before 5 p.m., Tuesday, Jan.
23. See bulletin board at Room 3209,
East Engineering Building, for in-
University Lecture: Captain R. A.
(Bob) Bartlett, Peary's great lieuten-
ant and one of the most famous of
arctic explorers, will lecture with
colored moving pictures on "The Arc-
tic in Color," under the auspices of
the Department of Geology, at 8:00
p.m. on Tuesday, January 23, the
Auditorium of the Rackham uild-
ing. The public is cordially invited.
Ad erican Chemical Society Lec-
ture: Professor H. C. Urey of Colum-
bia University will speak on "The Dif-
ferences in Physical Properties of
Isotopic Compounds and Their Use
in the Separation. of Isotopes", at
4:15 p.m. Monday, Jan. 22, in Room
303, Chemistry Building. The meet-
ing is open to the public.
Information Please: To avoid con-
gestion, patrons who have had tickets
laid away for this evening's perfohn-
ance, are reciested to call for them
as early as possible. Despite the ex-
cellent sale of seats, good locations at
50 and 75 cents are still available.
Box office at Hill Auditorium open
today from 10 a.m. until 8:15 pin.
Vamsty Glee Club: All thbse *ho
signed, meet at the rear door of Hill
Auditorium at 8:00 tonight to sing
for the "Information Pleiase" "pro-
gram. Door list will be checked and
roll taken at that time.
Graduate Students 'and othr 'Uni-
versity students are inited to listen
to a radio broadcast of "Orpheus and
Eurydice" given by the Metropolitan
Opera Company this afternoon at
2:00 in the Men's Lounge of the ltack-
German Table for Faculty em
bers: The "regular luncheon m11ting"
will be held Monday at 12: 0 "pj . in
the Founders' Room of the Mic. igan
Union. All faculty members iter-
ested in speaking German are corial-
ly invited. There will be a brief ,'for-
mal talk by Professor Herewartd T.
Price on, "Shakespeare nicht von
Iota Alpha, Beta Chapter, will hold
an initiation banquet on Tuesday eve-
ning, Jan. 23, at 6:30 p.m. at the
Michigan Union. Speaker: Lt. Col.
Basil Edwards. Reservations should
be in by Tuesday noon.
The International Center bringis its
series of Sunday evening programs to
a close tomorrow night'With a cocert
by the Little Symphony Orchestra,
under the direction of Mr. Thor Jhn-
son, in the Ballroom of the'Miciigan
Union at 7 o'clock. All foreign"stu-
dents of the University are invited to
attend and to bring their faculty or
student friends, Canadian neighbors,
and fellow citizens from Puerto Rico
La Sociedad Hispanica: Group pic-
ture for the Ensian will be aken
Sunday at Dey's Studio, 332 S. State,
3:30 p.m. All members urged to be
The Art Cinema Leigue 'pe*ents
Paul Muni in "I Am A Fugitive'rom
A Chain Gang," as the final program
of the current series. Matinee and
evening performances at 3:15 and
8:15 respectively on Sunday, Jan. 21.
Special membership for 'this final
performance may be obtained prior to
Graduate Outing Club will meet
Sunday, Jan. 21, at 2:30 p.m. in '1lear
of Rackham Building for outdoor
program. If weather permits, there
will be tobogganing, skating and "id-
ing. Supper in club rooms if desired.
All graduate students and faculty 'in-