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January 18, 1940 - Image 1

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Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1940-01-18

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AOigan

snow" MurrIss

L. No. 83

Z-323

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, JAN. 18, 1940

a I U I
I t

iscist Party
ficial, Muti,
ints OfItaly's
itering War
etary Tells Party Heads'
hat 'Present Situation
on't Last Forever'
Indication Given
Rome's 'Enemy'
RICIARD G. MASSOCK
ME, Jan. 17.--VP)-The new sec-
of the Fascist Party, Ettore
told Italians today that "Italy
ace the necessity and duty at
foment of picking up arms."
ere is no need," Muti told a
ence of provincial party lead-
o lull oneself with the illusion
Italy's present situation with
I to war may last forever.""
U1 did not indicate whom Italy
have to fight and this left
nged the general impression in
n circles that she would remain
f the war as long as possible.
ver, one passage of iis speech'
iterpreted as a rebuff to British
'rench gestures of conciliation,
as frequent press commenda-
of Italy's remaining on the side-
r stating that Italy might have
at "at any moment," Muti con-
must therefore be prepared in
sources and above all in its
It is well to add that it is
d and dangerous to derive too
satisfaction from the recent
istrations of international sym-
which are without justification
undation and not even in har-
with the true sentiment of the
a people, which has learned not
rget the history which it has
lramatically, especially in these

War To Explode Soon,
Knickerbocker Claims
Conflict Should Change World Society;
Hitler Is Cause, Corrsponedent Says

By LEONARD 9CHLEIDER
H. R. Knickerbocker, the foreign
correspondent who has lived "at the
ringside of history," last night reiter-
ated his belief that the European war
will not end soon, but will explode in
the immediate future into a real
world conflict destined to change the
social structure of Western civiliza-
tion.
In the fifth lecture of the Univer-
sity's Oratorical Series, Mr. Knicker-
bocker declared that his sympathies
lie with the Allied cause, that the
war will last at least another eight
years and that Adolf Hitler is chiefly
to blame for the present state of in-
ternational affairs. He. failed to
mention the possibilities of Ameri-
can involvement.
"We are now passing through the
birth pains of a new society which
will gradually bring about a world-
state," Mr. Knickerbocker said. "We
must look forward to a long period
of warfare. It would surprise me if
we in this room ever saw more than
short intervals of peace in our life-
times," he went on.
Mr. Knickerbocker, winner of the
Pulitzer Prize for distinguished for-
eign correspondence in 1930, based
his conclusion on four factors-the
New 1Teaching a
3 ;
Class -Planned
Next Semester
4

forces, which he said, will make this
war change our society.
They are, in his opinion:
(1) Hitler and his Germany
wishing and attempting to dom-
inate the world.
(2) Stalin and his Russia at-
tempting to "communize" the
world.
(3) Imperial Japan wanting to
dominate, the Far East.
(4) Great Britain and France
attempting to prevent accom-
plishment of the others' aims.
Mr. Knickerbocker said he opposes
those who call this "just another im-
perialist war between imperialist
France and Britain on one hand and
imperialist National Socialist Ger-
many on the other." The Allied Pow-
ers, he claimed, allowed Hitler to
succeed at first only because they
wanted peace, but Poland was the
last straw..
He compared the probable results
of a German victory with those of an
Allied one. The Allies would, he pre-
dicted, be willing to remedy the mis-
takes of Versailles, but would divide
into two camps-"one willing to be
kind to Germany; the other desiring
to prevent Germany ever to wage
war again." German victory, he as-
serted, would mean "a repetition of
Poland"-complete subjugation of the
conquered peoples and assimilation
into the Reich.
It is scarcely possible, Mr. Knick-
erbocker recalled, to name a single
nation in the world today which
hasn't been, violently imperialistic in
the past.
Mr. Knickerbocker told of his
meetings with Hitler and described
the German leader's dynamic per-
sonality. He is a man of force, lim-
itless energy and ascetic habits whose
sole source of strength is personal
contact with his people, the trouble-
shooting newspaperman said, adding
that "in years to come, this will be
known as the Hitler Era."

Extra-Curricular
Instruction To
By. Education

Activity
Be Given
School

: there was no changej
issolini's "anti-demo-
)ishevik, anti bour-
Words which authori-
interpreted as mean-
follow her own course
of other powers.

pt. Bartlett
Po Talk Here

Realizing the need for beginning
teachers to have some knowledge of
extra-curricular activities, the School
of Education will inaugurate a non-
credit course next semester for sen-
iors and graduate students which
gives a survey of school activities.
This unique course will feature in-
struction by teachers of speech, jour-
nalism, English and education. Open-
ing the series of 10 meetings will be
Prof. John L. Brumm of the journal-
ism department discussing the prac-
tical aspects of student publications.
Visual aids will be 'illustrated by
Mr. Joseph Park, instructor in the
University High School. Mr. John
Trytton, principal of the University
High School will describe "The Home
Room and Guidance" March 9.
Prof. G. E. Densmore and mem-
bers of the staff of the speech depart-
ment will give the programs on school
plays and other speech activities
March 30 and May 4.
Rounding out the course will be
the talks by Edith :Hoyle 'and Hope
Chipman, instructors in the High
School on assembly programs and
school social parties.
Listed as Education D99 the course
will not carry any credit for gradua-
tion but will receive notification on
the Teacher's Certificate.

Explorer To Show Film
On Arctic Tuesday
Capt. Bob Bartlett, regular com-
muter between America and the Arc-
tic ice flows, will present "The Arctic
in Color," a University lecture, at 81
p.m. Tuesday in Rackham Auditori-
um.
Dean , of Arctic explorers today,{
Captain Bartlett yearly heads his
schooner, "Effie M. Morrissey," into
Northern waters. He took his natural
color movies during his polar jaunt
last year.
Captain Bartlett, born into one of
the oldest seafaring families of New-
foundland,. joined Admiral Peary at
the age of 22 and stuck with him un-
til, in 1909, Peary reached the North
Pole.
In 1926 Captain Bartlett began
voyaging in the "Effie M. Morris-
sey," which has, since then, borne
northward some expedition each
year.
SQuiz Show Tickets Go
On Sale Over Counter
Counter-sale of tickets for the first
off-the-air "Information, Please"
program Saturday night in Hill Au-
ditorium will begin at 10 a.m. today
in the Auditorium box-office, Mrs.
Walter Maddock, president of the
Ann Arbor Alumnae Club which is
sponsoring the show, announced yes-
terday.
Despite the heavy advance sale,
choice .seats at 50, 75 cents and $1
may still be obtained, Mrs. Maddock
said. The box-office will rerhain open
from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. today, tomor-
row and Saturday.
Paid reservations will not be mailed
to those who made them in advance
unless a stamped, self-addressed en-
velope was enclosed in the original
order, Mrs. Mvaddock emphasized.
Those who failed to do so are asked
to call for their tickets at the box-
office.

Prof. Besekirsky
Soloist In Sunday
Orchestra Concert
Prof. Wassily Besekirsky, violinist
of the School of Music, will be soloist'
in the complimentary musical per-7
formance of the University Orchestra
at 4:15 p.m. Sunday in Hill Auditori-.
um. He will play the First Movement,
from Tschaikowsky's Concerto in Dj
major for Violin and Orchest'a.
Educated at the Moscow Conserva-
tory Professor Besekirsky has won
the praise of music critics through-
out Europe and America as a violin-
ist of distinction. He made his de-
but with the Philharmonic Orchestra
in Berlin and before coming to Amer-
ica in 1913 was Professor of Violin
at 'the Conservatory of Odessa.
.Since he has been in this country
Professor Besekirsky has appeared
as soloist with such orchestras as the
New York Philharmonic, the Boston
Symphony, the Russian Symphony
and the Philadelphia Orchestra.

Renaissance 4
In American
Family Seen
Prof. Fulsom Of Vassar ]
Visions Shift Resulting
From SocialLegislation
Consumner Credit I
Talks To Continue
A renaissance of American family
life in the comparatively near future t
was forecast by Prof. Joseph Fulsom t
of Vassar College at the initial ses- d
sion of the three-day Invitational I
Conference on Consumer Credit held d
last night in the Union. ' f
The four factors which will bring
about this rebirth, according to Pro- b
fessor Fulsom, are more production I
through even distribution, thrift t
through social security . and other a
means of providing for old age and F
unemployment, the encouragement of
more employment by training so- e
called "unemployables" and by in- r
stituting a schedule of shorter hours c
and longer vacations and by larger 1
consumption units through larger i
families.
One tendency working against the t
possibility of a declining population c
through a lowering birth rate out- n
lined by Professor Fulsom was the U
reaction against "super-urbanism" v
and a movement toward rural homes. 1
Following Professor Fulsom's lec- t
ture, Dr. Charles W. Coulter, of the
University of New Hampshire, spoke t
on "The Basis and Limits of the Use i
of Credit by the Family." Wise use <
of consumers' credit facilities to- t
gether with efficiency in the person- t
nel of consumers' credit agencies will1<
do much to solve the problem of bud-
get waste in the family's spending, s
and will enable the family to buy r
wisely, Dr. Coulter said. The old
concept of thrift, Dr. Coulter emphae -
sized, is "gone for good," and a new
outlook toward borrowing is rapidly 1
taking its place.
The Conference is scheduled to
continue today with a discussion of
"The Scope and Limitations of the
Field of Consumer Credit" at 9 a.m.
in the Rackham Amphitheatre. Dr.
R. M. Neifeld, of Newark, N.J.; John
Ryan, of Detroit, and C. R. Orchard,
of the U.S. Farm Credit Administra-
tion, will speak on the sub-topic of
"Cash Loans."
Prof. Raleigh Schorling of the edu-
cation school and Prof. Raymond
Rodgers of New York University will
be the speakers on "Relationship of
Our Educational Institutions to the
Field of Consumer Credit" at a lun-
cheon meeting to be held at 12:15
p.m. in the Union.
The fourth session of the Confer-
(Continued on Page 2)
Staffs Chosen
For Residences
Litzenberg Lists Personnel
For Three Dormitories
Personnel staff members of Mosher,
Jordan and the new Madelon Louisa
Stockwell residence halls for women,
as appointed by the Board of Gover-
nors of the Residence Halls for the
second semester, were announced
yesterday by Karl Litzenberg, director
of residence halls.
Mrs. Martha L. Rae, house director
of Mosher-Jordan Hall, has been se-
lected to act as house director of
Stockwell Hall. She will belassisted

by Miss Louise Larrabee, '37, of
Chippeway Falls, Wis., who will act
in the capacity of resident counsellor.
Mrs. Ruth Wendt will reside in
Stockwell Hall as a resident counsel-
lor and will carry on her work with
the language tables in both Stock-
well and Mosher Halls.
Miss Esther Colton, formerly social
director of Jordan Hall has been ap-
pointed to act as house director of
Jordan Hall. Miss Hope Hartwig,
present resident counsellor, of Jordan
Hall will continue in that capacity.
Miss Rosemary Neuhaus, formerly so-
cial director of Mosher Hall, will act
as house director of Mosher Hall.
Her assistant will be Mrs. Cornelia
Matthews of Kalamazoo.
Speech Faculty To Honor
Dr. William Foster Today
Dr. William Trufant Foster, direc-
tor of the Pollak Foundation for
Economic Research, will be honored
by the speech department at a lun-
cheon at the Union today.

I

Finnish Loan Contrary To Spirit
Of Neutrality Act, Preuss Holds,

By EMILE GELE
"Regardless of where American sym-
pathies lie, the proposed loan to Fin-
land leans decidedly away from the
spirit of the Neutrality Act of 1939,"
Prof. Laurence Preuss of the political
science department asserted in an
interview yesterday.
The Neut ality Act is based on the
idea that the United States must
avoid involvement in a foreign war re-
gardless of what the result to foreign
nations may be, he declared. "No
matter what federal agency the loan
might be made through, the govern-
ment cannot cover its biased activi-
ties with the veil of a corporation it
operates and controls," Professor
Preuss explained.
The Administration, Professor Pre-
uss observed, tends to throw the
weight of support on the side of the
victim of aggression in every possible
method short of war. President Roose-
velt disapproves neutral legislation
that limits the use of presidential dis-
cretion in war crises, and is reluctant
to sign acts which might benefit an
aggressor at the expense of the vic-

the American public sympathizes with
the Finnish cause.
According to international law,"
Professor Preuss reminded, the United
States can legally lend money to Fin-
land as long as Congress or the Presi-
dent does not recognize that a state
of war exists between Russia and
Finland. The Neutrality Act declares1
that a state of war exists only upon
a proclamation of the President or by
a concurrent resolution of both
houses of Congress, he noted. If a
state of war is declared ,it would be
a violation of the Act for any Ameri-
can citizen or group to lend any
money to a foreign government at
war. And under the same condition,,
Professor Preuss affirmed, it would be
a violation of international law for
the United States government to lend
money to a belligerent.
Consequently, Professor Preuss said,
the only legal method by which loans
can be made to Finland by individuals
or the government is by denying that
a war exists. Under this arrange-
ment, he observed, Russia could not
protest the United States' partiality
without admitting that a state of war
exists, an admission which Iussia has

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