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January 11, 1940 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1940-01-11

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Safeguarding Edawation Presents
Vital Issue To Students Of Today


1pJIILMNG OQHE U M sffJ-....A1.-N.ARN .
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.1
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session-
Member of the Associated Press
The A3sociated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or not otherwise credited in this newspaper. All
rights of republication of all other matters herein also
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mail matter.
Subscriptions during regular school year by carrier,
$4.00; by mail, $4.50.
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publishers Representative
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1939-40

Editorial Staff
ott Maraniss .
Ri M. Swinton ..
ton L.Linder .
man A. Schorr ,
inis Flanagan ,.
n N. Canavan . .
Vicary . .
Pineberg . ..

Managing Editor
Editorial Director
.City Editor
Associate Editor
Associate Editor
Associate Editor
Associate Editor
Women's Editor
Sports Editor

Business Staff
Business Manager . . . . . Paul R. Park
Asst. Business Mgr., Credit Manager Ganson P. Taggart
Women's Business Manager Zenovia Skoratko
Women' Advertising Manager . . Jane Mowers
Publications Manager . . . Harriet S. Levy
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
Industrial Hygiene
A NewSciene
become of paramount importance
on the American sene, the first Conference on
Industrial Medicine and Hygiene, beginning at
9 a.m. today in the amphitheatre of the Rack-
ham Building, takes on a deeper significance
than it would have had 10 years ago.
The study of industrial medicine and hygiene
is a young science, comparatively speaking, and
the U.S. Public Health Service has carefully
nurtured this baby science for the past decade.
It has spent a great deal of time and money
in developing this all important Division of In-
dustrial Hygiene. Dr. J. J. Bloomfield, sanitary
engineer for this division, in his lectures here
will offer information of importance about
health problems in industry and about signifi-
cant studies in industrial hygiene.
He will discuss the problem of pneumonoconio-
sis--a disease of the lungs caused by the in-
haling of small mineral or metallic particles.
This general heading includes the disease sili-
cosis which is caused by the inhalation of quartz
dust-a disease that figured so prominently
last year in workingman-employer relationships.
The question seems to be who should be re-
sponsible for the care of a workman afflicted
with the disease, the workman or the employer
in whose mine the worker contracted the ail-
DR BLOOMFIELD, as one of the foremost au-
thorities in the country on industrial dis-
eaves,. will surely comment on problems vital not
only to the college man but to every man. Pneu-
monia in industry, its causes and effects, will
be considered. Further studies by Dr. Bloom-
field include the subjects of lead poisoning,
chromium poisoning and mercury poisoning.
These metal poisonings, although not as no-
torious as the radium poisoning of workers
painting watch dials, take .an annual toll in
American workmen. Since Dr. Bloomfield is
connected with the national government, he is
well equipped to discuss industrial hygiene ad-
ministration and industrial legislation in rela-
tion to the national, state and local health de-
But Dr. Bloomfield is not the only expert in
this conference. Men from all walks of life-
public service, motor car corporations, insur-
ance companies, engineering-have congregated
in Ann Arbor today to discuss industrial medi-
cine and hygiene.
AMONG THIS COTERIE of experts can be
found the chiefs of the industrial hygiene
bureaus of the states of Indiana and Illinois,
the chief of the Bureau of Occupational Diseases
of the Ohio Department of Health. These men
will discuss the various state industrial hygiene
surveys, the significance of these statistics, and
the function of the state in controlling occu-
pational diseases..
Such men represent only a few of the experts
to be assembled today, tomorrow and Saturday
iiv the amphitheatre to discuss industrial hygiene.
Their lectures, designed for laymen as well as
public health authorities, provide a fascinating
subject of discussion-a subject that must be
of interest to every man who intends to enter
the business world.
- Richard Harmel.

in the most important and most perilous
position of their lives.
Their position is momentous because higher
education, properly adjusted, contains one solu-
tion to the manifest problems of a world which
is facing punishment at the hands of a rumbling
The situation is dangerous because higher
education today is opposed by destroying forces
which are gaining strength so rapidly that they
have engulfed most of Europe, and are already
infecting much of the educational life of the
United States.
To the members of the faculty and to the
administrators of our colleges has fallen most of
the reponsibility for protecting and preserving
our . facilities for learning and teaching. The
job which they face is more easily understood
if we consider the motives and methods of the
men they train.
Always the aims of mankind have been at
one time simple and complex: men desire hap-
piness-a broad and not well-defined things-
and yet in this quest for personal well-being
they are frequently thrown off the paths which
lead to it. . For example, here in the United
States we. have an economic society in which
desire for money and. social stature dominate
the lives of almost everyone. The struggles of
the average man are for fame or gold-either
will do, but usually they are the same thing.
We find men grasping and snatching and fighting
and struggling-for an entire lifetime-and for
things which even when attained bring no
lasting self-pleasure. Occasionally success, as de-
fined in our 20th century, does bring the real
measure of gratification which men desire.
Wars, however-and they admittedl y are the
greatest threat to our social security today-
are not designed by the war-makers to bring
sappiness as such. Instead they are launched
with a design to protect our "national charac-
ter," our "right of the seas," "our business,"' or
something similar. And those will be the rea-
sons our young people will go overseas again-
if it comes to that-because our ruling fathers
will have decided that these mirage-goals are
worth any sacrifice. The real thing that mat-
ters, not our business in itself, but our personal
solace, is forgotten.
world since its beginning. But it is not
necessarily true, and our college generation of
I should like to call attention to some common
facts pertinent to two issues which Mr. Nadeau
has raised in this column.
Is the Roosevelt administration guilty of steps
leading toward war? The record of the ad-
ministration, particularly since the outbreak of
European hostilities in September, speaks for
itself. Its active aid to Great Birtain and
France in the war, its assistance to Japan against
China, its intervention in Finland, its hostility
to Russia, its swollen armaments program, its
growing orientation upon a national prosperity
based upon war orders, its systematic attacks
on the trade unions and its rejection of the
peace proposals of Belgium and the Nether-
lands-all total up to an imperialist policy which
is leading this country toward war. Remember-
ing the course over which we were drawn into
the last World War. one canot but be per-
turbed by admissions that American foreign pol-
icy is now predicated upon a "virtual ultimatum
that the United States will not permit the Allies
to lose." (Detroit Free-Press, Jan. 8, 1940).
Has the Roosevelt administration abandoned
active concern for democracy and social legis-
lation? The tacit tolerance by the administra-
tion of the Dies and Smith Committees, its at-
tack on trade unions by way of anti-trust prose-
cution and "sabotage" scares, its political per-
secution of the Communists and its refusal to
investigate the activities of Father Coughlin
amount to no more nor less than desertion of

the fight for civil liberties and labor's rights.
.On the other hand, its lipservice to human needs
is belied by the hard statistics of the budget it
has laid before Congress. A breakdown of this
budget, comparing estimated expenditures for
1941 with actual expenditures for 1339, discloses
that increased appropriations are planned for
the army and-navy ($574,000,000 more), FBI (for
anti-labor activities, (244,000 more) and in-
terest to bankers ($100,000,000 more). At the
same time the burning needs of the people are
sacrificed, with severe reductions in WPA ($477,-
000,000 less), Public Works, highways, etc. ($300,-
000,000 less), NYA ($15,000,000 less), CCC
Camps ($60,000,000 less) and Farm aid ($400,-
000,000 less). The inescapable meaning of
these facts is epitomized by Jay G. Hayden, writ-
ing in the Detroit News on Jan. 7:
"The President suddenly has turned
sharply toward economy and retrenchment.
His shifts of position are no surprise. They
really began with the outbreak of war in
September . . . Concentration on interna-;
tional affairs pushed the New Deal do-
mestic reforms into the background . . . I,
remained for last week's developments to
determine whether the President's trans-
formation was transitory or a real change
of political direction, and the answer has
'hn ---ux -,ion ir -'a't m a~~S a -.vYr.

today is one reason why it need not be. For if
there is any group of persons in the entire uni-
verse which is aware of what it wants from life
it is this. swelling group of young men and wom-
en who now study each year in colleges and uni-
versities. By design, it is the program of our
higher schools to sensitize to culture, and to
inform young men and women of new pleasures.
In recent years the number of students in col-
leges has increased tremendously; tomorrow
the majority of our people will be receiving some
kind of training here.
And there is the keynote to an outlook of
optimism. As larger and; larger groups of citi-
zens learn to adjust their lives properly; as
they ferret out the things they seek, and banish
those which do not assist their purpose; so will*
the return to war as an answer to problems
become less. It is a slow and evolutionary cure,
and it will not serve any immediate purpose; but
it is progressive.
Today we can -read in college newspapers of a
united attitude against participation in war, and
that alone is reason for confidence in America's
ultimate future. Enlarged and enlightened edu-
cational training is probably the most signifi-
cant factor in this development.
OUR IMMEDIATE FUTURE is the time, how-
ever, when the fortification's fo, education
must be erected. First, education must be pro-
tected from external forces which would destroy
it. This means we must analyze such things as to-
day's situation where we can read of schools in
Ohio closing doors for months, while our Presi-
dent asks for billions of dollars for battleships.
In Europe we can see the ruins where education
was thrown into discard, and the philosophy of
war substituted for the philosophy of culture.
Similar germs are floating about our own coun-
Then,,education must be protected from it-
self. This is the problem of mal-adjustment;
of seeking to provide the proper sitmulations
that should be awakening our youth. It must
make careful provision to inspire permanent,
rather than passing, value. It must excite in
students an interest in books, so that lives will
be refreshed by good reading; it must give every-
one a hunger for real things that will endure
as vigorous interests of a lifetime.
Guarding our educational progress demands
the vigilance of everybody. University presidents
must see that our scholastic programs offer
that which is valuable and which arouses the
finest in men and women. Faculty members
must teach and encourage. Our legislators, our
political executives and our other citizens must
assist and build.
Most important, we as students must accept
the things which are offered us. We must culti-
vate within ourselves the ambitions and drives
which: are worthwhile. We must analyze care-
fully,; every attempt to replace education with
military or any other kind- of life.
Never before in our lives-perhaps never
again-hive we faced a crisis exactly like this
one today.

Dick Bennett isn't writing these
columns any more-I'm squeezing in
for this one time only, arid I had to
argue with him a long time to get a
chance to do that. The point is, it
seemed to me this column ought to be
written, and Dick refused to do it
Some of you may not have realized
that when Dick in these last few
months has been raising a rumpus
about the neglect of modern com-
posers, he's had more than just an
aesthetic interest: Dick, you see, in
spite of the mean word-slinging he
does, is a composer himself; and if
the concert he gave in Bay City the
other day is any indication, rather
a good one. Which is the point of
this column.
Dick was invited to Bay City Tues-
day to give a recital of some of his
songs before the Musicale Art Club,
one 'of those ladies' societies which
we're all so accustomed to laugh at,
but Beethoven bless 'em if this is the
sort of thing they do. The singers,
Erwin Scherdt, promising young ten-
or of the School of Music here, and
Marguerite Creighton, lovely con-
tralto whom many of you will re-
member from Play Production of
past years, were both in fine voice
and contributed a great deal to the
excellence of the concert (Erwin is
always at his best when singing
Dick's songs). But the really im-
pressive thing, as any of you know
who have ever heard a recital of his
music, was Dick's versatility - his
drama, his humor, his success in mak-
ing a song an independent piece of
music, not by ignoring the words but
by enhancing them.
ready been heard in Ann Arbor
-The Lord's Prayer, Sea Fever, The
Shih King Cycle, and one of the
Latin drinking songs-but they could
certainly bear rehearsing, and the
several new ones, one of them, to '
words by Langston Hughes, in al-
most-jazz, should certainly g e t
around to more people than the un-
fortunately small groups who come
to ASU meetings or to the little pri-
vate hearings that Dick sometimes
There isn't much point in tryingI
to give a ringside account of a con-7
cert that only six people from Ann
Arbor heard anyway, so maybe I'd
better keep myself to some general
but important statements about Dick
and his music. He writes mostly
songs, in English, French, German,
Latin-any language that he can,
with his erratic diligence, manage to
master. And the words are impor-A
tant-when you hear a poem in Dick'sj
setting, it means something moreI
and something clearer than it did be-
fore-but the music is important too,;
for the accompaniments are much
more than just dum-dum fill-ins. (If
you get a chance to hear the Nos-1
tramn Est Propositum notice how the
piano makes a canon with the voice,
or you may remember the modal
accompaniement to the Lord's Pray-
er which makes an almost indepen-j
dent commentary on the words). The
stuff is modern, not in a Stravinsky
nor yet in a Schoenberg sense-Dick
would probably like a reference to
Hindenmith at this point, but he
shan't get it-but in the sense that
he has at his command almost any,
idiom you like and uses whatever
the mood and meaning of the poem
may demand. There is the lilting but
quite restricted counterpoint of the
Latin drinking songs, the modal
voice with polytonal accompaniment
for a poem from the Chinese, thej
19th century German "grand man-

ner" treatment of 'Fallersleben's
Mein Vaterland, but all of them
(don't mistake me, this isn't just
eclecticism) are characteristically


VOL. L. No. 77

The Detroit Armenian Women's
Club is offering a scholarship of $100
for the college year 1940-41 to a
young man or woman of undergradu-
ate standing in the colleges and uni-
versities of Michigan who is of Ar-
menian parentage and whose resi-
dence is in Detroit. Candidates are
to be recommended by the institu-
tions in which they are enrolled. Se-
lection, which is made by the donors,
is on the basis of high scholastic
ability in the field of concentration,
together with character. Recom-
mendations must be made before May
1, 1940. Students who believe them-
selves qualified and seek recommen-
dation by this University should ap
ply to Dr. Frank E. Robbins, Assistant
to the President, 1021 Angell Hall.
Notice to Men Students: For the
information of men students living
in approved rooming houses, the
first semester shall end on Thurs-
day, February 8, and the second
semester shall begin on the same
Students living in approved room-
ing houses, who intend to move to
different quarters for the second
semester, must give notice in writing
to the Dean of Students before 4:30
on Thursday, January 18, 1940. They
should also notify their householders
before this date. Permission to move
will be given only to students com-
plying with this requirement.
Speech -Concentrates, Majors and
Minors: Please call at the Speech De-
partment Office, 3211 Angell Hall,
this week for an appointment with
the concentration adviser.
German Departmental Library. All
books due by January 12.
Football Ticket Resale money
may be called for in the Union
5 p.m. through Friday.
A cademic Notices
Make-ups for all Geology 11 blue-
books including the field trip blue-
books will be given on Friday, Jan._
12 at 9 o'clock, in the Natural Science
Exhibits of the University's Arch-
eological Research in the Philippines,
Great Lakes Region, Ceramic Types
of the Eastern United States and of
Ceramic Technology and Ethnobo-
tany are being shown in the Mezza-
nine floor Exhibit rooms of the
Rackham Building. Also exhibited
are antiquities from the University
excavations at Seleucia-on-Tigris and
from Karanis. Open daily from 2:30
to 5:30 and from 7:30 to 9:30, ex-
cept Sunday.
Exhibition, paintings by John Pap-
pas and a collection of German prints
from the Detroit Art Institute, Alum-
ni Memorial Hall, 2 to 5 p.m.
University Lecture: Mr. W. H. Au-
den, English poet, will lecture on "A
Sense ,of One's Age" under the aus-
pices of the Department of English at


4:15 pm. on Friday, Jan. 12, in the
Rackhain Lecture Hall. The public
is cordially invited.
University Lecture: Dr. Oliver
Kamm, Scientific Director of the
Research Laboratory of Parke, Davis
Company in Detroit, will lectur
I on "Vitamin K" under the auspices
of the College of Pharmacy at 4:15
p.m. on Monday, Jan. 15, in Room
165, Chemistry Building. The public
is cordially invited.
French Lecture: Professor Hugo P.
Thieme will give a lecture on "La
Civilisation Francaise" today, at
4:15 p.m., Room 103, Romance Lan-
guages Bldg. This is the first lecture
on the Cercle Francais program. Tic-
kets for the series of lectures and play
may be procured at the door at the
time of the lecture.
Today's Events
Political Science Round Table will
meet today at 7:30 p.m. in the East
Conference Room of the Rackham
Building. Subject: "The Monroe
Doctrine Reconsidered."
Aeronautical Engineering Students:
All men who filed applications for
employment with the Lockheed Air-
craft Corporation are to meet at
7:30 tonight in Room 1042 East
Engineering Building. At this time
intelligence and temperament tests
will be given. Each man should
bring a red, as well as a black pencil..
Varsity Men Debaters: There will
be a meeting of men interested ,in
second semester Varsity Debae to
day in Room 4203 Angell Hall at 4:00
p.m. Those unable to attend this
meeting should see Arthur Secord,
107 Haven Hall, prior to Jan. 11.
Phi Sigma Lecture Series today
at 8:00 p.m. in the Rackham Amphi-
thaetre. Speaker: Professor N.R. .
Maier on "Psychology's Unfinished
Alpha Phi Omega meeting tondght
at 8:00 in Room 325 of the Migchgan
Union. Mr. N. B. Bliss, Identification
Officer of the Federal Correction In-
stitution at Milan, Michigan, will dis-
cuss "Fingerprinting." The public is
The mcMath-Hulbert motion pic.-
tures of the moon, a total solar
eclipse, and solar prominence phe-
nomena, will be shown in the Natural
Science Auditorium at 4:15 p.m. to-
day. This showing is primarily for
those electing courses in astronomy,
though others will be welcome to the
capacity of the auditorium.
Members of the Assembly Exectltv
Council, Assembly Banquet Central
Committee and Assistant Chairman:
Pictures for The Ensian will be taken
today at 5:00 p.m. Meet promptly in
the League Undergraduate Office.
Ann Arbor Independents' meeting
today at 4:15 p.m. in the League.
All unaffiliated girls living in private
homes are eligible to attend.
Theatre Arts Committee mass meet-
ing at 5 p.m. today, in the League.
A skit and a. -ballet dance from this
week's production, "Dick Whitting-
ton and His Cat" will be presented.
Attendance is compulsory for all
members of the committee.


Phooey On Mr. David Zeitlin.
GULLIVER has been thinking about Finland,
and the American Student Union. The ASU
has been accused of welshing on the Russo-
Finnish war. Y.G. wasn't at the convention in
Madison, Wis., last monh, but he has read about
it and he has been told about it.
It would seem that there is more than one
reason why the ASU refused to condemn Russia
as an aggressor. Traditionally the ASU has
pigeonholed the opponents of the last few wars
-Japan, aggressor, China, victim; Italy, ag-
gressor, Ethiopia, victim, and so on. This was
all very convenient as long as the world kept
staggering along at its usual pace; after all,
it seemed very sensible that if you preferred de-
mocracy to fascism, and the fascists were al-
ways attacking the democracies (or primitive
states, such as Ethiopia), then you could equate
fascism with aggressor and democracy with
victim. Collective security, advocated by the
ASU, meant simply that all the .democracies
should get together to stop fascism. Obviously
this sort of thing kept its supporters on{a very
high morale plane, and anybody who cares to
question the assumptions on which the theory
of collective security rested could easily be de-
nounced as a fascist. -
With all this, however, Gulliver has always
believed that the ASU had a vitally important
role to play on the campus. Today he believes
that it is more important than ever that the ASU
expand until it can honestly say that it is the
voice of the majority of college students.
UNFORTUNATELY, the mental attitude fos-
tered by the collective security idea (re-
gardless of its merits) was such that when the
world once more exploded in September, 1939,
the ASU'ers.were left holding the bag-the bust-
ed bag. The best that could be said was that
they were in good company, for all of the lib-
erals were faced with the same dilemma-should
we support the democracies (no one could deny
that England was a democracy) against fas-
cism (no one could deny that Germany was
fascist), or should we voice publicly the sus-
picion that was beginning to gnaw at our vitals,
4... ...±4. I - I ' - - '


IF THIS REVIEW smacks a little of
oil, there is good reason for it.
Obviously there are adverse things to
say about Bennett, but until he gets
a proper hearing, far be it from me
to be the one to say them-this is
frankly a blurb. And as long as
this is a blurb for Bennett, I'd better
say one more thing which I suspect
most of you know anyway from read-9
ing his columns. Dick isn't one of
.your narrow conservatory musicians;
he knows what's going on in the
world and it makes a difference to
him, and it makes a difference to
how he writes-words or music. I
sometimes think that's why so much
of his music has been in the forms of
songs, you can speak so much more
concretely with a song, and some-
how singing seems closer to people,
or better put, to the people.
This may seem like a lot of talking
about a concert which happened
somewhere else,rbut there'shmore to
it than that: I have it from usually
reliable sources that there will very
shortly be a recital of some of Dick's
music somewhere in Ann Arbor, I
don't know exactly where or when;
but it will be announced, and all I
can say is "by all means go!"

End-of-the-year records reveal that
there were only three lynchings in
the United States during 1939. While
;hat was three too many, it was the
lowest number on record. Annual re-
ports compiled by the Commission on.
Interracial Cooperation in Atlanta
and Tuskegee Institute in Alabama
liscolse that the number has dropped
steadily decade by decade from the.
peak of 231 in 1892. Of the persons
lynched last year, two were Negroes
and one was white.
It is profoundly gratifying to con-
template evidence of the passing of
lynch law, or, as it should more
accurately be termed, lynch lawless-
ness. The 4,689 recorded lynchings
in the United States since 1882-they
have occurred in the North as well as
the South-have been a dark blot on
the national life. While the expan-
sion .of law enforcement agencies in
recent years has been a major con-
tributing factor in reducing mob vi-
olence, much credit - is ascribed by
the commission "to religious and civic
agencies which have crusaded against
it." This has brought the force of
a more enlightened public opinion to
bear. All Americans will hope that
even the all-time low of three in 1939
will be beaten by a clean slate in
-- The Christian Science Monitor.

All ushers interested in ushering
for the children's play on Jan. 12
and 13, sign on the lists posted in the
Undergraduate office in the League
before 4:00 p.m. today.
Members of the Speech Clini cat
International Center will assemble at
7:15 this evening and then go to the
University Speech Clinic for a con-
ducted tour of it.
Publicity meeting of J.G.P. at 5:00
p.m. today. Please bring eligibility
cards, and those who can't be there,
call Lee Hardy at 2-2569.
Modern Dance Club will meet in
Barbour Gymnasium tonight at 7:30.
Al members urged to attend.
Women's Fencing Club will meet
tonight at 7:30 in the fencing room
at Barbour Gymnasium.
Stalker Hall: Fireside Discussion
group today at Stalker Hall at 4:00
p.m. All Methodist students and
their friends are invited.
Michigan Dames: Meeting of the
Book Group at the Michigan League
this evening at 8:00.

Gulliver feels that the ASU made the
best of another bad situation.
Now that the convention is over,
however, it might be pertinent for
the ASU once more to address itself
to a reconsideration of the problem.
The big fact that the ASU will have
to face is that the hasic conflict in

Coming Events
1940 Mechanical & Chemical Engi-
neers: Mr. M. Bernard Morgan, Chief
Plant Engineer of the American Vis-
cose Corporation, Meadville, Penn-
sylvania, (rayon manufacturers), will
outline the opportunities with this or-
ganization at a group meeting Friday,
Jan. 12, at 7:00 p.m., Room 311 West

the ASU. Had it been 1936, the ASU
coild have Rails denounced Russia


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