Scanned image of the page. Keyboard directions: use + to zoom in, - to zoom out, arrow keys to pan inside the viewer.

Page Options

Download this Issue


Something wrong?

Something wrong with this page? Report problem.

Rights / Permissions

This collection, digitized in collaboration with the Michigan Daily and the Board for Student Publications, contains materials that are protected by copyright law. Access to these materials is provided for non-profit educational and research purposes. If you use an item from this collection, it is your responsibility to consider the work's copyright status and obtain any required permission.

November 22, 1939 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1939-11-22

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.


T.t- 1 1

a - I

i a :n.HE a(:a is1 .%aN _t .R uI., 1
_ .. - . ..._ . i f . _ . . .

VEINESDAT... NO v e .r 2. 1


Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it. or not otherwise credited in ,this, newspaper,. All
rights of republication of all other matters herein also
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mail matter.
Subscriptions during regular school year by carrier,
$4.00; by' mail, $4.50.'
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publishers Representative
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1939.40

Carl Petersen
Elliott Maraniss
Stan M. Swinton
Morton L. Linder
Norman A. Schorr
Dennis 'Flanagan
John N. Canavan,
Ann Vicary
Mel Fineberg

Editorial Stafff

Managing Editor
S City Editor.
. Associate Editor
Associate Editor
. Associate Editor
Associate "Editor
. Women's Editor
. Sports Editor
. Paul R. Park
Ganson P. Taggart
Zenovia Skoratko
. Jane Mowers
. Harriet S. Levy

Business Staff

Business Manager
Asst. Business Mgr, Credit Manager
Women's Business Manager
Women's Advertising Manager
Publications Manager

The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are/written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
Can Government
Aid The Seamen? .. .
T HE GOVERNMENT will take care of
them. They will go to school and be
paid for it. They will get $36 per month plus
clothing, quarters, subsistence, medical and den-.
tal care and transportation. Some of them will
probably train to enter new industries. Others
will be placed on WPA rolls. They will be cared
for. But they will not go to sea-those 10,000
seamen who were "beached" by the cash and
carry law.
Theirs is an imponderable situation. America
does not want them to venture into the danger-
ous waters bounding Europe-it is the Lusitanic
"incidents" that push us toward war hysteria,
and we know it. And yet the strongest trade
lines today are those munition-laden ones to
warring countries. We cannot send our ships
swarming along the less fruitful routes to the
South or the Pacific. As Paresident Roosevelt
has pointed out, ships cannot travel where
there are no cargoes for them.
It seems inevitable, then, that America will
again have to meet the problem imposed by
great masses of men forced out of the only occu-
pation they know.
WHAT can America do for these men? Square
meals and something to keep them active
is the best solution the governm'ent has ever
found for misfits. We have a grim precedent
set in the Appalachian coal fields. There was
once work in the mines for all. Wages were
high. Towns mushroomed. Coal tipples sprout-
ed like mold spores along the rich coal seams.
And as swiftly as this coal industry had
boomed, it collapsed-price wars, labor strife,
new fuel sources knocked the bottom out of it.
More than 200,000 miners were permanently
displaced. In a Pennsylvania county, 96 out
of 152 mine camps became ghost towns.
THE government took care of the wageless
families. In the Kentucky mountains 49.5
per cent of the people have been helped in one
way or another. In Knox County two-thirds of
the population are on relief. The NRA set aside
$25,000,000 for the Cumberland Homestead Pro-
gram of rehabilitating those mountain families
that had staked all on mining-and lost. The
Government, the churches, the Friends Service
Committee cared for them, but nothing could
give them back their jobs.
And mining is the only interest of a vast
army of theim. It has a golden touch. A miner's
pay checks bring more in a month than a farmer
can gain in a year of sweating over corn rows
and tobacco plants. The miner's life is hard
and stunted and dangerous, but it is all the
miner knows. Mining is a fever with the moun-
tain ,people. They will leave the Detroit auto
factories or the Middletown steel mills in a
minute if they think there is a mining job avail-
able back in the hills.
AND so it must be with the seamen, with all
men who work. The New York Times re-
ports one sailor's remark: "Now all I can do is
join the government training school at Hoff-
man Island learn to wait on tables-after twelve
years of practice."
Those who know the aimlessly shifting fami-
lies of the mining areas or the dust bowl hope
another derelict crew can be avoided. There

Checking The Increase
Of Fire Hazards . .
first place in starting fires was Mrs.
O'Leary's cow. The historic Chicago fire in-
volved a loss estimated at $165,000,000. Fires,
however, neither began nor ended with these
two historic events. Records show that a great,
conflagration took place as early as 2000 B.C.
and last August, Pine Ridge, Ore., was swept by
a blaze that caused damage estimated at $2,000,-
000, and put 240 men out of work in the de-
struction of a lumber mill.
When Mrs. O'Leary's cow kicked over the oil
lantern, she just didn't know any better. Un-
fortunately, the great percentage of fires today
are caused by people who shoud know better,
and, probably do, but they just don't stop to
think when they carelessly toss a burning match
into the wastebasket or leave that cigarette
lying on the edge of a flammable piece of furni-
flETROIT'S fire department, led by Fire Mar-
Marshall Otto G. Lindemeyer, who is head-
ing a WPA project to teach the citizens of Detroit
fire prevention, is engaging in a great drive to
bring the householder all the common causes
of fires and ways to prevent them. To date 156
of the 238 districts of Detroit have been com-
pletely canvassed according to a report 'received
from the fire marshall. These districts proved
to be the ones in which fires for the past eight
years showed an increase each year. Statistics
of the project show that during 1939 there has
been no increase in the number of fires in these
The project is based chiefly on canvassing by
a crew of trained WPA workers who visit each
home in the City of Detroit. Either the head
of the household or some member of it is advised
by the canvasser of any fire hazards that com-
monly exist in homes. At the end of the inter-
view, each family receives a booklet issued by
the National Board of Fire Underwriters. Stories
of some of the serious conflagrations in history
including descriptions of fire are contained in
the booklets.
ONE of the most interesting reports is that of
damage done by careless use of matches. The
$400,859,554 which is paid annually to the fire
demon could build, or buy and pay cash in full
for 80,000 modern, one-family suburban homes
costing $5,000 each and sheltering 480,000 people
a city of residences the size of Washington,
D.C. This tremendous sum would be also enough
to operate the entire Navy Department for a
whole year.
An important phase of the canvassing is
teaching the public the proper use of the alarm
box. Written instructions are distributed by
WPA workers on what to do in case of fire.
The only other project of this type in Michigan
is in operation in Hamtramck. There fire un-
derwriters have reduced the cost of premiums
by 35 per cent since the outset of the projects
because of reduction of fire hazards.
Detroit, with its efficient, hard-working group
of WPA workers, has, achieved the important
goal of checking the increase in home fires in
districts where sharp increases have been noted
each year. -Helen Corman
To most of us Finland is the little Scandinav-
ian democracy that pays its war debts and is
located uncomfortably close to the Russian
frontier; but those who were present at Finland
Today, color film of Francis R. Line, '28, shown
yesterday at the Lydia Mendelssohn, have some
notion of the vitality of one of the most suc-
cessful of all Europe's post-war nations.
Mr. Line's film and the accompanying trav-
elogue presented a superficial but fairly com-
preensive picture of what Finland has done
in her twenty years of independence. Glimpses
of new architectural ventures, the completion
of the remarkable arctic highway, the coopera-
tives and the youth movement were featured.

as symbols of Finland's claim to greatness
among the nations.
To those who were unfamiliar with Finnish
cultural tradition Mr. Line's remarks on the
Swedish and Russian influences were invaluable.
Beginning with a few scenes from Stockholm
and progressing into Finland by way of the
Swedish districts of the Aaland archipelago,
Aabo (Turku) and Helsingfors, he brought out
clearly that "the cultural as well as geographic
gateway to Finland is Sweden." An excursion
to the Russian monastery of Valamo near Vi-
borg (Viipuri) revealed the only remnants of
Russia's century-long struggle to Russify Fin-
Unfortunately, Mr. Line did not see fit to
include more than a minimum of historical
background. Likewise, his film might have
become more effective by the inclusion of per-
sonalities that have played great roles in Fin-
land's history,, such as General Mannerheim,
Presidents Svinhufvud and Kallio and Jean Sib-
elius, and by a mention of the Kalevala tradi-
tions that permeate the Finnish countryside.
(The reference to Sibelius was less than super-
Clearly the film was from the interested tour-
ist's point with a great emphasis on the scenic
detail that might make for beautiful photog-
raphy; and there are some fine, somewhat dis-
jointed shots in color of the Finnish landscape
and monuments. In trying to be quite compre-
hensive, however, Mr. Line failed to interpret his
material and get inside the lives of the Finns;
one emerged from the film with little real un-

(Since the aim of this column is both catalogic
and Interpretive, the following indexto the best
available periodicals of music literature here at
Michigan is offered without apology. It should be
noted, however, thatthe writer is presenting this
resume upon request and not for any of the pecuiar
reasons that might be attributed thereto.)
There is no end of periodicals on music, most
of them as vapid and effete as the magazines
devoted to screen and radio. And some of those
which bear the most impressive names turn
out to be the stupidist of the lot. There is a
select number, however, that cannot be denied
a foremost place in the field of journalism.
Criticism from the non-musical intelligensia has
been so scathing of musical publications in the
past (starting, we suspect, with Mr. Bernard
Shaw and his wholesome ilk) that those maga-
zines which finally set out to make a place for
music in serious journalism went doubly-far and
at times almost forgot that music is essentially
a thing of the people, not of the cloister. Be
that as it may, the following periodicals repre-
sent to the layman the best available publica-
tions in English (which, needless to say, by no
means cover the field).
English Publication Reviewed
Music and Letters, a quarterly publication issu-
ing from London. It may appear a litle surpris-
ing to the initiated that this somewhat esoteric
journal should be mentioned here But though
many of the articles found in it are specialized,
it is still felt that the layman who is seriously
desirous of improving his acquaintance with
musical literature shall not have gone too far
in attempting the more literary articles in this
journal. .Music and Letters is a highly refined
quarterly including, besides its featured articles,
a register of recent books on music, an extensive
section devoted to book reviews, and a useful
and unique division given over to reviews of con-
temporary periodicals for each corresponding
The Musical Quarterly is the American coun-
terpart of Music and Letters. The most recent
issue (Oct. 1939) contains a letter from M. Ro-
main Rolland to the International Congress of
the American Musicological Society in which he
pleads for the establishment of musical publi-
cations on a world-wide rather than purely na-
tional basis. "In the field of art," writes the
author of Jean Christophe, "there is not-there
should not be-any rivalry among nations. The
only combat worthy of us is that which is waged
in every country, and at every hour, between cul-
ture and ignorance, between light and chaos. Let
us save all the light that can be saved! There
is none more refulgent than music. It is the
sun of the inner universe." The aim of the
Musical Quarterly appears to be that very inter-
nationalization of musical publication that M.
Rolland desires. . Its contributors range from
Singapore to Paris, from Oslo to Cape Town.
This cosmopolitanism is no accident; for the
magazine insists on making it felt by listing on
the cover of each issue the place from which each
writer corresponds . . . All that has been said
of Music and Letters can (noting a slight devia-
tion in the set-up) be said of The Musical Quar-
Another English Publication
From London comes also a diminutive maga-
zine, the Monthly Musical Record, a carefully
written and thoughtful periodical which gives
considerable attention to the work of English
composers. Its Articles often run in sequence
and are thoroughly informed.
Lastly is the League of Composers' publica-
tion Modern Music, a quarterly review issuing
from New York. Modern Music is the most read-
able of the lot for the layman, though its scope,
as its title implies, is limited. It should be sup-
plemented by one or more of the above. It is
a wide awake magazine in every sense of that
term and should not be overlooked by anyone
interested in the advancement of the arts.
Modern Music may serve as a commendable
supplement to Theater Arts Monthly.
Objections Are Discussed

Three objections will arise to what has just
been presented here. First, that it is hardly in
the province of newspaper editorials to treat of
such data. Second, that this is the critics' secret
source of information and should remain as
such. Third, that the periodicals aforementioned
are too taxing for the layman and will not be
To the first of these it should be pointed out
(providing the reader has gotten this far) that
the best instances of British journalism, toward
which American journalism has long been striv-
ing, have done this very thing, that is, encour-
aged the dissemination of non-specialized knowl-
edge. Surely if we are to progress in that direc-
tion, it 'cannot be left up to a paper here and
there and a few fretful satellites. It must be the
engendered ideal of all American journalism-
which means journalism at home.
The second objection, while often submitted
with surprising sincerity, is scarcely worthy of
serious consideration.
To the last objection-the only really serious
one of the group-there is but one answer.
Either the reader wishes to know something
about music when he sits down to read about
it or he simply intends to doodle. If he means
to learn, he will chose the sources of most ade-
quate information. He will even work at them
a little, if they are within his capacity at all.
But if he intends to doodle-why, then his ob-
jection cannot be considered for more than his
intention is worth.

By lortyQ.
A COUPLE of years ago, there was
some kind of a comvention here
in Ann Arbor town and Mr. Q., then
a sophomore reporter on the Daily
staff, went to cover the speeches.
There were a lot of men talking
about something or other in the
Union Ballroom-oh, yes, it was a
Michigan Press Convention-well,
anyhow, all the preliminary speeches
were over and the audience waited
for the main speaker. Mr. Q. would
like to quote from an editorial he
wrote at that time:
The chairman of the meeting
added a touch of solemnity to his
voice. The audience stirred ex-
pectantly. ,
"Ladies and Gentlemen, the
Governor of the State of Michi-
The Governor walked in from
the left side of the room. He walked
with a definite preciseness, slowly,
his head held high. The applause
subsided when he reached the
speakers' table. Then he started to
speak. There was quiet-a re-
spectful, expectant quiet.
The Governor spoke softly, a
sincere, honest softness. No blus-
tering, no impassioned pleas, no
hysterical shouting; just soft.
Father Coughlin would have
warned and threatened; Jim Far-
ley would have coaxd and ca-
joled; Mayor LaGuardia would
have shouted and gesticulated. But
the Governor spoke softly. Eager
ears hungrily swallowed every
gentle word. The audience ap-
plauded enthusiastically.
When his speech was through,
the Governor walked out of the
room. In the corridor he ex-
changed greetings with a few
friends and walked on, stopping
to talk to a student. He looked
tired and worn.
There were no handshaking
henchmen; there were no flatter-
ing friends; there was no thick
cigar-smoke. Just a polite and
honest: "Hello, Governor."M
He walked downstairs . . r quite
alone, and got his coat from the
check-room. Exchanging a few
pleasant words with the attendant,
he walked away. As he passed us,
whom he had never seen before,
he dropped a cheery "hello."
Then the Governor of the State
of Michigan walked out, slowly,
deliberately. He had made his
THIS, of course, was FrankI Mur-
phy, who is now Attorney Gen-
ral of the United States. Since the,
time that editorial was written, while
Mr. Murphy was still Governor, Mr.,
Q. had the opportunity to talk with
him and was tremendously impressed
with the man's sincerity, his ideals
in government, his humanitarianism,
his sense of justice and equality.
Mr. Q. thought he had at last met
a political figure, who was truly
concerned with the people over whom
he had jurisdiction and for whom
he administered. And it was so. The1
Frank Murphy of 1937, the Frank
Murphywhoysettled the sit-down
strikes without a drop of blood being
shed, the Frank Murphy who was
Governor of Michigan was one of
our few bright spots in the blackt
sphere of politics.
After his defeat in the guberna-
torial election, Murphy was appoint-
ed to the cabinet post that he now
holds. And, since he took over the
office, he has done some good work.
He has made the entire department

more efficient, has removed much of
the graft and corruption, has7
launched several successful clean-upi
drives, and, in general, compared toi
what his predecessors in office ac-i
complished, he has done a good job.
But, the Frank Murphy who is
Attorney General is not the same
fearless humanitarian who once told
Mr. Q. that the purpose of a govern-
ment was not to be used as a threat-
ening club held over the people's
head, but rather an understanding
and unbiased agent, ever striving to
better the average man's condition,
ever pushing toward a freer, more
equal nation. No, something has
happened to him. Something has
changed him so that now he is hard-
ly recognizable from the welter of
spineless politicians that clutter up
our national scene.
W HEN Murphy came back to Ann
Arbor recently to speak at Presi-
dent Ruthven's Testimonial Dinner,
Mr. Q. heard him ask for peace and
true democracy and justice, and he
thought at last the old-time Murphy
was coming out. Maybe it was just
that he needed to come back to his
old stamping grounds of liberalism
to remember the principles for which
he once stood and fought. But, then,
a short time later, back in Wash-
ington, where it seems he assumes a
new mask, where he seems to join
hands with the back-slappers and
the vote-conscious office-holders, Mr.
Q. read that this same Murphy had

WEDNESDAY, NOV. 22, 1939
VOL. L. No. 51
Hospitalization Groups Announce-
ment. A series of meetings has been
arranged for the purpose of giving
pnblicity to the arrangements avail-
able to members of the University
staff through group hospital associa-
tions. These meetings will be held
on the dates stated below.
The meetings will all be held at 4:15
p.m. at the Natural Science Audtiori-
um. In order that all interested may
have an opportunity to hear the state-
cents of Mr. Mannix and to ask ques-
tions and to participate in the discus-
sion the University staff has been
tentatively divided into groups for
hese meetings as stated below. How-
ever, any person who finds the date
assigned to his group inconvenient
will be welcome to attend with any
one of the other groups.
At each of. these meetings, also,
there will be present either Dean A.C.
Furstenberg or Vice-President James
D. Bruce, or both, to give. informa-
ion with respect to arrangements
thus far not entirely complete for
furnishing group medical service.
Nov. 22: Faculties of Law, Gradu-
ate School, Forestry and Conserva-
tion, Education, Pharmacy, Music,
and Business Administration.
Nov. 24: Staffs of the Libraries,
Museums,4Hygiene and Public Health,
Physical Education. Ertension, Michi-
gan Union and Michigan League.
Nov. 27: General administration, all
clerical employees (offices may close
at 4:10 p.m. or as required), Build-
ings and Grounds, Stores, and Dormi-
Nov. 29: Health Service, University
Hospital, and any others omitted from
this schedule.
Shirley W. Smith.
Notice in re Federal Income Tax:
The Commissioner of Internal
Revenue has issued a bulletin for
the information in particular of re-
cipients of so-called public salaries
whose compensations during the cal-
endar year 1939 are for the first time
subject to Federal Income Tax. This
bulletin has been reprinted by the
University and is available for dis-
tribution at the offices of each Dean
and'in addition at the following places '
on the Campus: University Hospital
Office, General Library, Office of the
Superintendent of Buildings and
G r o u n d s, University Storehouse,
School of Music, and the General
Business Office.l
Every person receiving compensa-
tion from the University during 1939
in the amount of $1,000 in the case
of single persons or $2,500 in the
case ofmarried persons, or of hus--
band and wife. whose combined sal-
aries 'equal or exceed $2,500, should
secure a copy of this bulletin and read
it carefully. It is contemplated thatt
in the early part of December a rep-,
resentative of the Collector's Office,I
in Detroit, will address a meeting on
the Campus at which he will outlinek
obligations of taxpayers, and answer
questions that may be asked. It is de-4
sirable, however, that the above men-
tioned bulletin shall have general cir-
culation in advance of the proposed
Shirley W. Smith.
School of Etoucation Freshmen:
Courses dropped after today will be 1
ecorded wtih the grade of 'E 'except
under extraordinary circumstances.
No course is considered officially
dropped unless it has been reported
in the office of the Registrar, Room
4, University Hall.
Faculty Members and Staff: SpecialE
Employment Time Reports must be
in the Business Office today to be
included in the roll for Nov. 30.
Edna G, Miller, Payroll Clerkt
The Automobile Regulation will be


lifted for the Thanksgiving holiday
period at 12 noon today until 8 a.m.
on Friday, Nov. 24,
Diploma Applications: Graduate
students who expect to be recom-
mended for higher degrees to be
conferred in February, 1940, should
place on file a blue diploma applica-
tion by November 25. These forms
are available in the office of the
Graduate School, Rackham Build-
Househeads, Dormitory Directors,
and Sorority Chaperons: Closing
hour for today is 1:30 a.m. and for
Thursday, Nov. 23. is 11 p.m.
Jeannette Perry,
Assistant Dean of Women
Academic Notiees
English 127: Make-up examination
will be given today at 4 p.m., Room
2225 A.H.
1re-Medical Students: To, insure
that there will be examinations avail-
able for everyone wishing to take the
Medical Aptitude Test, on Noy. 28,
tickets should be purchased immedi-
ately at the Cashier's Office. All
pre-medical students whose require-
nents will be completed so they may
enter a medical school on the fall of
1940 should take this test.
The Medical School of the Univer-
sity of Michigan especially urges all
students who are planning to apply
for admission here in 1940 to "write
the examination.
More complete information may be
obtained in Room 4 University 'Hall.
Watch this column for further an-
Twilight Organ Recital: Palmer
Christian, University organist, .will
give a recital on the Frieze Memorial
Organ, in Hill Auditorium this after-
noon at 4:15, to which the general
public, with the exception of small
I childten, is invited to attend without
admission charge.
Carillon Recital Postponed;:, The
recital originally scheduled for Thurs-
day evening, Nov 23, ,will. be post-
poned oneweek, and will be given
Thursday evening, Nov. 30, instead.
TOd ays Evets
Research Club will meet in Rack-
ham Amphitheatre tonight at 8 p.m.
The Council will meet at 7:30 p.m.
Anatomy Research Club m ting
today at 4:30 p.m. in Room 2501 ast
Program :
Mr. T. C. Kramer : "Some correla-
ions between heart beat and ,elec-
trocardiograms in chick embryos."
Dr. A. E. Woodward: "Correltion
between hibernation in the chipmunk
and changes in the adrenals and in
blood sugar."
Tea will be served in Room 3502 at
4 p.m..,;t
All interested are cordially invited.
Institute of the Aeronautical Sci-
ences meeting, (Student Branch)
cheduled for today has, been post-
poned until next week. Definit-e ar-
rangements for the trip to Wiight
Field will be made at-that time.
Phi Sigma meets tonight at 8 p.m.
n West Lecture Room of the Rack-
ham Building.
Perspectives meeting of he staff of
editors at the Student Publications
Building this afternoon at 3 p.m.
Deutscher Verein will have a try-out
for the puppet play, "Dornroesc'hen,"
today from 2-4:30 p.m. in Room 300
S.W. All students of German dr Any-
one interested are requested to try
out for a part

University Girls' Glee Club: No re-
hearsal tonight.
Swimning Club for women,, stu-
dents will not meet today as previous-
ly planned.
Alpha Nu: Due to the Thanksgiving
vacation, this evening's meeting has
been postponed until Wednesday,
Nov. 29, at 7:30 p.m,
Michigan Dames: Music group
meeting'has been postponed till Wed-
nesday, Nov. 29, when a potluck sup-
per at Lane Hall will be followed by
the regular program.
Hillel, Class in Jewish History will
not meet today.
Record Collectors: A meeting of all
those interested in "Le Jazz Hot," and
are rare record collecting wffl be
held this evening at 7:30, Room 304
m the Union.
Coming Events
Dormitory Girls: All girls interested



I. _


d II


Students and townspeople of Ann
Arbor now have the opportunity to
see amateur photographic art at its
best, in the exihibition of salon
photography sponsored by The Daily
in Alumni Memorial Hall.
Of the 485 prints entered in Col-
legiate Digest's contest last spring,
all but 35 were eliminated, and these
35, now on display here, are typical
of the new-found imagination here-
tofore largely in salon exihibits.
In the final selected set, 21 col-
leges in 17 states throughout the
country 'are represented. In many
cases corrolation between photo-
graph and college or general region
can be noted.
who 'has lost himself. He asks that
Frank Murphy be appointed to fill
the vacancy created on the Supreme
Court by the recent death of Justice
Butler. He sincerely believes that,
if Murphy could be removed from


Back to Top

© 2021 Regents of the University of Michigan