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NIGHT EDITOR: LEONARD.SCHLEIDER
The editorials published n The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
ew Deal-Poliey? ...
J HERE HAS BEEN a prounced shift
in the attitude of Franklin Delano
oosevelt, elected .in 1932 -and reelected four
ars later on a program of progressive, liberal
forms.' There has grown the gradual suspicion
at the Roosevelt of 1939 is emulating the
tion of his predecessors, Roosevelt I and
oodrow Wilson, in changing his program
om demands for social welf re to. a program
ving the way for imperialistic war.
Undoubtedly, Roosevelt's popularity is in-
easing, largely because the "breaks" have been
th. him. He has, first, won complete mastery
er the Supreme Court by the deaths of many
the conservative justices and the subsequent
ipointment of pro-New Deal judges.
'DR, TOO, has had the political advantage of
seeing a war break out in Europe and hav-
g this new war attract so much attention that
iticism of him and his New Deal have been
er-shadowed both by the war and the exigen-
s.of foreign policy
He has seen, perhaps as the result of the
ucity of good candidates in the two leadi
rties, his prestige again mount, his chances
r6 a third term for both him and his New Deal
eatly- increase. .
But -the fundamental question arises: Is the
w Deal of 1939 and perhaps that which will be
ntinued in 1940 for four more years, the New
eal that took office in 1933?
In short, the American public and especially
nerican youth must soon find out whether the
39 New eal is the "war deal" and the 1939
mocrtic Party the. "war party" and not the
rty whose comprehensive program of social
form won the country's overwhelming sup-
rt in 1932 and 1936.
ERTAINLY, Roosevelt has made many new
friends lately-friends that were noticably
sent when FDR campaigned-for social reform.'
day, the New Deal and Big Business, formerly
ter enemies on the American political scene,,
ye become rather warm friends, both de-
anding, under various disguises, aid. to Eng-
id and France, both collaborating in vast plans
' that unknown Mobilization Day, both cam-
igning together for gigantic arms appropri-
Certainly, Roosevelt has alienated some h
mer stalwart supporters. John L. Lewis, whose
[h's 3,000,000 votes had much todo with the
eat New Deal majorities, has publicly an-
unced that he and his organization would not
pport FDR should he seek a third term. Man
the farmer-laborites and other liberal groups
io were staunch supporters of New Deal legis-
ion in Congress, have been found in the dis-
'ERTAINLY, many of Roosevelt's recent ac-
tions and statements of foreign policy have
acked too much of the "Big Stick" of Roo'se-
it I and the age of American imperialism rath-
than the age of American humanitarianism
d liberalism which the New Deal formerly
presented Ambassador Grew's recent pro-
uncements in Tokyo offer a specific example
this new "New Deal" attitude. There has
en the growing suspicion that the reinvigorat-
actions of American forces in the Pacific,
mlost simultaneous with the British evacua-
ns of trpops and ships from the East, are
.. . . . ..ninn"3-t ....cn t fl . thou -pow, nnl -'d -d4 -
Front government have been all wiped away by
Daladier, -both during the period of intense re-
armament before the war (quite similar to the
position of the U.S. today) and, of course, dur-
ing the present war. '
SO TOO, in the New Deal here, there now has
appeared a noticeable shift in attitude. The
American nation, especially those wh are inter-
ested in the maintenance and intensification of
those earlier reforms and those who have no de-
sire to participate in a foreign, imperilaistic war,
must see to it that there is no renunciation by
the New Deal of its aims and purpose of 1932
The American public should at least demand
a new clarification and explanation of New .Deal
policy. The nation should know whether the
New Deal of 1932, the New Deal of humanitarian-
ism and liberalism, intends to become of the
war deal and war party of 1939 and 1940. .
Of A Regulation .
O NE OF THE most important things
affecting the probable success or
failure of any regulation is the spirit in which
it is obeyed. No law, no rule can be said to be
operating -successfully or achieving its proposed
ends if it is observed only in 'letter and not in
spirit. In nearly every law loopholes can be -
found which will enable people or groups to
obey its actual text, at the same time violating
The recent attempt of American ship-owners
to transfer vessels to Panamanian registry is
an outstanding example of trying to take ad-
vantage of such a loophole. The neutrality
law-was designed to protect American shipping,
with a more important purpose of keeping the
nation out of war. Nevertheless, rather than
lose profits and perhaps incur losses, certain
ship-owners tried to evale the spirit of the law
and at the same time keep within its formal
PRESIDENT ROOOSEVELT, called upon to
make the final decision in the dispute caused
by this attempt, wisely forbade the transfer of
registry. In doing so he ensured at least the
partial success of the law. If the President had
permitted the transfer, American owners would
have made more profits-quite true. But their
ships would, in all probability, have suffered
some casualties, and these wouli have assumed
the proportions of international incidents of the
type likely to arouse public feeling in America-
to a state which might forget adesire for^peae.
And, more important, such permission would
have encouraged further concessions to profiteer-
ing and evasion..
It is quite probable that shipping interests
in the United States will lose by their not being
.permitted to enter the war zone. These losses
may total millions - of dollars, but the loss of
dollars is a minor consideration compared to
the millions of lives likely to be lost by American
participation, to say nothing of the further dis-
ruption of our internal set-up.
The CA A
Meets Trouble . ...
HE Civil Aeronautics Authority is
bucking strong headwinds in trying
to perform its functions of hovering like -a
mother hen over the entire American aviation
An autocratic bureau is certain to run into
innumerable complaints, but recent protests
against the CAA have been particularly loud
and at least some of them particularly reason-
Among the more equitable complaints is that
of airport officials in this district who are won-
dering whether they gained or lost when they
signed up with the CAA's student flight training
program. The program was intended to furnish
a "backlog" of 10,000 civilian flyers per year
and presumably should have been a boost to
the nation's airports.
FICIALS -at Ann Arbor, Ypsilanti and
Wayne County airports, however, watched
with dismay when their customary trade with
student fliers slumped about 75 per cent with
- the advent of the CAA program last spring. The
reason for the slump may be that those stu-
dents interested in aviation are waiting until
they can take advantage of the CAA instruc-
tion, but officials here also believe fliers out-
side the CAA are inconvenienced by the pro-
gram's demands on the airports' equipment and
personnel. Reason or no, they are not flying
and the airports' assets feel the pinch.
Still another local group that is wondering
about the benefits of the CAA is that of the
glider enthusiasts. The University Glider Club,
driven from Ann Arbor Airport by the increased
needs of the flight training course, is seeking
another field so that it can resume activities.
Meanwhile 60 members of the Club are ground-
ed. The Cassidy Lake Civil Conservation Corps
Club of 40 fliers has also been forced to evacu-
ate its-quarters. -
UNFORESEEN defects like these are certain
to follow the launching of any set-up as
complicated as the CAA program. An investiga-
tion of the difficulties which have appeared
'should suggest methods of adjustment.
However, there is a recent attack on the CAA
which lies beyond mere mechanical adjustment
and which threatens the base on which the
Authority rests. It is the old states' rights jeal-
ousies brought up to date. The complaint, ac-
companied by -'the usual hackneyed arguments,
was expressed at a recent meeting of the Nation-
al Association of Aviation officers in New
Charging that members of the Authority had
interpreted the Act to suit themselves, the offi-
cials challenged the CAA's "exclusive jurisdic-
TE MICHIGAN D A
men, demanding that the CAA act be amended
unless the CAA cooperate more fully in permit-
ting the states to have a part in administering
It seems improbable that the aeronautical
states' rightists. can. gain much support. Avia-
tion is a nation wide industry and should be
nationally administered. The most rational
step that states' rightists can make today is to
try to bring some cohesion into their ridicu-
lously dissimilar laws (48 different divorce
laws; 48 different tax rates) instead of clamor-
ing for fresh disorganization.
For Literary College? . .
T HE ENQINEERING honor system, at
once an idealistic and a practical
undertaking, has been functioning successfully
in the engineering college for 23 years, yet in
the literary college, a few steps across the
campus, the battle between student ingenuity
and the professors' eagle-eye continues in the
best grade school tradition.
That the system is a success has been attested
both by faculty and students in the engineer-
ing college. Some dishonesty, they admit, exists
in the lower classes, but among the seniors and
juniors, a deeper appreciation of the honor code
becomes evident. Honesty, rather than dis-
honesty, is taken for granted.
OPPONENTS to the system point out that the
engineer, as a future professional man, is
necessarily more .concerned with ethics than is
the "typical lit" who is matriculating for the
benefit of the "broadening influence" derived
from whatever "pipe" courses can be worked into
his -schedule. The engineer, they point out, will
depend directly upon what he has learned for
his future source of income: he is after knowl-
edge, not merely the passing grade.
That we have students enrolled with the idea
of "diploma or bust" cannot be denied, but the
number of students with this attitude has been
rapidly- declining in recent years. The college
sheep-skin is no longer an open sesame to a
highly-paid position after graduation: the pros-
pective employer demands actual knowledge;
he has to be shown. The graduate's credentials
are no longer sufficient; he must demonstrate
That the adoption of an honor system would
increase cheating on examinations is very doubt-
ful. The instructors are alert, but cribbing on
exams is an accepted fact. The general student
attitude, deplorable as it sounds, has degenerated
to the. point where cribbing on exams is con-
sidered a game to be played by students on the
one side and the instructors on the other.
UNDER an honor system, on the other hand,
the qc estion of honesty is entirely in the
hands of the student body. It no longer becomes
a game; rather, the student is put in a position
where his honor and self-respect are at stake.
Naturally ,the problem arises as to the change
of attitude necessary among the students to
affect the transfer to the honor system. That
this is not impossible was demonstrated by the
engineering college 23 years ago. But as then,
the. impetus and initiative for such a change
must arise from the student body. If that stu-
dent body shows enough concern over the situ-
ation to affect the transfer and is sincere in its
purpose, the system will undoubtedly succeed.
WASHINGTON-The attempt to
transfer eight United States Lines
vessels to the Panama flag is now
a closed book, but there are two
significant incidents which have not
yet leaked out.
One was the fact that Panama her-
self took a very decided stand
against permitting the ships to fly
her flag. Panama made it quite clear
that transfer of the ships was likely
to get her snarled up with Germany,
and that her neutrality status must
be similar to -that of the United
If the United States could not risk
sending these vessels into the war
zone, Panama said that she did not
wanif to do so. This clinched the
argument within the Administra-
The other unrevealed incident was
the fact that Cordell Hull, who later
fought the transfer, actually had
OK'd it, and in writing. His letter
is still in the hands of the Martime
What happened was that Admiral
Land, chairman of the Commission,
telephoned the Secretary of State at
4:30 on the afternoon before the
Commission put out its own favor-
able statement. Hull read his letter
over the telephone and -later mailed
it. Having received this State De-
partment OK, the Maritime Com-
mission proceeded to approve the
However, it turned out later that
Mr. Hull had not thoroughly under-
stood the proposal, or else it was not
carefully explained to him. Some of
Hull's assistants go so far as to
say that the Martime Commission
was deliberately deceptive. At any
rate, Mr. Hull changed his mind.
Perhaps it was the emphatic posi-
tion taken by Panama which.helped
to change it.
Evidence'of their aggressiveness
was Mead's introduction of a new
billl during the last days of the
special session, after an unpubli-
cized meeting with little business
leaders. It would create an indus-
trial loan corporation, financed by
the Government and operated by the
To the Editor:
Deep, resentment has been burning
in my breast for a long time and,
although this .same subject was the
object of much disputation last year,
after an incident which happened
yesterday, I feel that Ican no longer
restrain from doing what I can abo'ut
That incident was the case of a
friend of mine who was hurt whilei
wrestling at the IM building. He in-
jured his neck somehow, and wentr
over to the Health Service immedi-
ately. It was about five mirutes
after five, and all the technicians had
gone home. The doctor diagnosed
the case as skillfully as he could
without the help of an X-ray. Then
he sent the fellow to bed and, made
him, lie in one position all night
so that his head, would not move .
This was to prevent the movement
of any vertebrae that might have
fractured. Mind ° you, the doctor
did not know what the matter was.-
The first X-ray was taken this morn-1
ing. As a result, my friend spent a
sleepless and painful night in bed
without knowing anything about1
what had happened to him and
without the consolation that the
This is just one instance that I
know of the many that have hap-,
pened. I know of others who have
suffered the same inefficient. treat-
ment at the hands of this incom-
The Health Service is here as a
protection for the students of the
University. Therefore, why not make
it so? We pay our tuition, and part
of that goes to cover expenses for1
treatments. Yet we are told to sit
down and wait; we are forced to rely
on what is in nine cases out of every
ten a very unreliable diagnosis; if
put in for treatment and care, we;
are given no attention whatsoever
and are fed a very poor substitute
for the kind of food an invalid
-Thomas Goodkind, '42Lit.
to be very interesting. I am a flight
research engineer which means I and
my boss take the experimental air-
planes through all the necessary;
tests to . establish their perfor-l
mance and flight characteristics. Lots
of flying, wear parachutes all the
time. The doors are fixed so that
in an emergency we can walk right
through them-the outward pressure
pushes them out . . ." - I
Pretty funny, isn't it? Here's Gul-
1iver. s a eand sonnd in Ann Arbnr.
SATURDAY, NOV. 18, 1939
VOL. L. No. 48
To Members of the Faculty, Staff
and Student Body: Attention of
everyone is called to the Lost and
Found department of the Business of-
fice, Room 1, University Hall. In-
quirty concerning lost articles should
be made promptly at the above men-
tioned office. Articles found on the
campus and in University buildings
should be turned over immediately.
Those articles not called for within
60 days will be surrendered to the1
Shirley W. Smith.
Senior and Graduate Students in
Aeronautical Engineering: Announce-
ment is made of a Civil Service Ex-
amination for Junior Engineer. Ap-
plications must be filed with the Civil
Service Commission by .Dec. 11, 1939.
Those interested may examine the an-
nouncement concerning this position,
which is posted on the Aeronautical
Engineering Bulletin Board.
Student Loan Committee meeting
in Room 2, University Hall to be held
at 2 p.m. Monday, Nov. 20. All appli-
cations to be considered for the meet-.
ing must be filed in Room 2 before
Saturday, Nov. 18, and appointments
made with the Committee.
Captain ,A.R. Springer, Air Corps
Regular Army, will be at ROTC
headquarters Monday, Nov. 20 and
Tuesday, Nov. 21, from 9 to 4:30 to
interview senior men who are in-
terested in applying for Flying Cadet-
ship, U.S. Army, affording opportuni-j
ty for qualifying as Air Corps Re-
serve Officer with possibility of ap-
pointment inRegular Army Air Corps.
Faculty, College of Literature, Sci-
ence, and the Arts: Midsemester re-
ports are due today.
E. A. Walter, Assist. Dean.I
Freshmen, College of Literature,
Science and the Arts: After today
freshmen may not drop courses with
out E grade.
E. A. Walter, Assist. Dean
Bacteriology 111A (Laboratory
Course) will meet Monday, Nov. 20,
at 1 p.m. in Room 2562, East Medical
Building, Each student should come
provided, with a $5 Hygienic ,Labora-
tory' Coupon procurable at :the Tres-
Elective.Classes in Ice Skating, Be-k
ginning swimming, and body mechan-
ics: Beginning the week of Nov. 20,
the Department of Physical Educa-
tion for Women will conduct classes
in the following activities as indicat-
Ices skating, Friday, 4 p.m. at Coli-s
Beginning swimming, Friday, 4:30c
p.m. at Barbour Pool.r
Body mechanics, Thursday at 4:30
p.m., Barbour Gymnasium.X
Students interested in these classes
register in Office 15, Barbour Gym-
Carillon Recital: On account of the
aculty concert Sunday afternoon, at
4:15 in Hill Auditorium,athe carillon
recital by Percival Price, Carillon-
neur, will be given at 3;15 instead of
the usual hour.f
New York Philharmonic-Sympbonyx
Orchestra program: For the interest
of those specially interested in the
program to be given by the New YorkE
Monday night, Nov. 27, the following
program is announced at this time,
John Barbirolli, conducting:
Overture, "The Roman Carnival,1B
Introduction and Allegro for Strings
(Quartet and Orchestra) 'Op. 47, El- N
Variations and Fugue "Under the
Spreading Chestnut Tree," Weinber-
Symphony in E minor, No. 4, Op.
98, Brahms. ._
Faculty Concert: Kathleen Barry,
harpist, Maud Okkelberg, pianist, and
Hardin Van Deursen, baritone, witht
Ava Comin Case, accompanist, willT
give a recital complimentary to thec
public, in Hill Auditorium, Sundayt
afternoon, Nov. 19, at 4:15. The pub-3
lie is requested to be seated on time.t
University Lecture: The Honorablet
Lawrence M. Judd, former Governor
of Hawaii, will lecture on "Hawaii,.
Pivot of The Pacific" under the auspi-
ces of the Political Science Depart-
ment, on Monday, Nov. 20, at 4:15
p.m. in the Rackham Amphitheatre.
The public is cordially invited. .
Dr. Harold Fey will speak on "The'
Churches' Stand on the War" at 8:15
Rackham Lecture Hall, Sunday, 8:15
p.m. Dr. Fey is executive secretary
of the Fellowship of Reconciliation.
and a former missionary in -the
phael -_Isaacs, o:
sion at the Fre
tonight at 7:30
B3y ,Young Gulliver
iresnmen are welcome.
Independent ,Men: The first Con-
gress get-together of the year for all
independent men, active in Congress
(or those who wish to be) will be held
tonight beginning at 8:00.
Congregational students and their
friends will have a party, including a
scavanger hunt, games, and dancing,
his evening from 8:30 to 1,2 at the
Graduate Students are invited to
isten, this afternoon in the Men's
Lounge of the Rackham Building, to
a broadcast of the Michigan-Penn-
sylvania football game.
Ice Skating: All women interested
in outdoor sports are invited to go ice
skating this afternoon. Meet at the
Coliseum at 2:30.
The Angell Hall Observatory will
be open to the public from 9 to 10
The moon and the planets, Jupiter
and Saturn, will be shown through the
telescopes. Children must be accom-
panied by adults.
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLET
JGP-Central Committee Meeting at
1 p.m. at the 'League.
Scabbard and Blade: Informal initi-
ation banquet to be held tonight at
Loch Alpine 'Country Club at 6 p.m.
All actives, associates, and honorary
menhbtra are urged to attend. Trans-
portation will be available from
ROTC headquarters at 1p.m. (Room
for five at 2 p.m.) and 5 p.m. Uni-
forms if possible.
International Center: Dr. Edgar
Fisher, Assistant Director of the In-
stitute of International Education,
will - be a guest at the Center today
and tomorrow. Dr. Fisher, who was
for more than 20 years on the acul-
ties of Robert College at Istanbul and
the American .University at Beirut, is
much interested to meet all students
from the Near East while he is here.
The studentsfrom both Robert Col-
lege and Beirut are having an in-
formal get-together at the Center
from 8-10 this evening to which they
Invite all :Near Eastern students and
any members of the, faculty who may
Fellowship of econcliation: Re-
gional pacifist conference in Ann Ar-
bor this weekend. Program:
Today: < p.m. Registration, Lane
4 p.m. Discussion, the Basis of Pa-
cif ism Lane Hall.
6 p~m. Supper; discussion on na-
tional - and international policy, Rus-
sian Tea Room, Michigan L.eague.
Sunday, 8:30 a.m. Breakfast; dis-
cussion on building the pcifist
movement. Russian Tea Room.
1:30 p.m. Problems of individual
pacifism, Lane Hall. Dr. Harold Fey,
national eXecutive secretary, will be
the speaker and discussion leader.
Meetings are open.
Avpkah, student Zionist organiza-
tion, will hold a regular meeting this
afternoon at 3.p.m. at the Hillel Foun-
dation. It is important that all
members be present.
f St. Mary's Student Chapel mixer
for all Catholic students this after-
noon from 2-5 p.m. The Mieligan-
Penn game will be on the radio, and
anyone may play bridge or dance.
Anyone who desires may bring a
Researptli Club will meet in Rack-
ham Amphitheatre on Wednesday,
Nov. 22, at 8 p.m. Thre will be a
vote on a constitutional amendment.
Papers will be read by Professor Ja-
cob Sacks on "Artificial Radioac-
tivity as a Tool in Biological Re-
search," and by Professor James K.
Pollock on " Voting Behavior; a Case
Study." The Council will meet at
International Center: A 'hike has
been planned for Sunday afternoon.
Mr. Ocls, our staff nemper in charge
of the recreation program, will take
the group down the' Huron River
Drive. The hikers willleave the Cen-
ter at 2:30 p.m.
Deutscher Verein will have a try-out
for the puppet play, "Pornroeschen,"
on Monday, Tuesday- and Wednes-
day from 2-4:30 p.m. in Room 300
S.W. All students of German or
anyone interested is requested to try
out -for a part.
Ehi Delta Kappa will hold two
membership meetings on Monday
and Tuesday evenings, Nov. 20 and
21, in the Rackham Euilding at 7:30.
- Michigan Anti-War Exctiv Co-
mte Lmeeting on Snday,N.19,
at Lane Hall at 9 p..
IT'S a funny world.
Gulliver used to have a roommate who was
an engineer. Even more surprising than this,
however, is the fact that Harold was no ordin-
ary engineer. He knew a lot about music (long-
hair stuff and jazz), he played several instru-
ments, he knew Joyce and Mann and all the
modern poets. Altogether an unusual guy.
Gulliver and Harold had a lot of big times
together. A couple of years ago they had an
apartment. In the apartment were Gulliver,
Harold, a studio couch, a couple hundred books,
87 empty beer bottles, a sink full of dishes, and
a radio. The latter used to run steadily from
8 p.m. until the following morning, because at
2:30 a.m. Roy Eldridge was on from Chicago,
and after that you could catch the Dawn Patrol
over CKLW until 4. After 4 it was too cold to
get up and turn the thing off, so it would run
flntil somebody woke up next morning and
threw a book at it.
The beer empties were Harold's idea. You
get a two cent refund on every bottle, and Gulli-
ver's roommate got the clever idea of saving
up enough to be able to take the plane home
for Christmas. He had everything neatly com-
puted-1,200 empties would buy two plane tic-
kets. At one time the apartment held 87, but
by that time most of the bottles were sprouting
mould and Gulliver and Harold were losing
their taste for beer.
Besides going to college from time to time,
listening to the radio, playing lousy clarinet-
flute duets, and working, Gulliver and Harold
used to hold extended bull sessions. The one
that sticks most clearly in Y.G.'s memory is one
that took place in September, 1938.
'T WAS the time of the Munich crisis, and
everybody was pretty sure that there was
going to be a war. It was a tense evening: io-
body brought up sex or religion. Everything was
strictly the coming war. The boys got to dis-
cussing their chances of staying alive for the
net few ves .nd evervnv was:a -red that