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September 26, 1939 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1939-09-26

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41

Weather
w generally fair and
wcwhat warmer.

Yl tp

-a& & I_

:43 il

Editorial
Meet You
In The End Zone..

I

XLX. No. 2 Z-323 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, SEPT. 26, 1939

PRICE FIVE CENTS

University Reports
Record Enrollment
Of 10,978 Students

I

-An Editorial-

I

Begins Second Year

Literary And Engineering
Colleges Show Largest
Registration Increases
President Rutiven
Will Be Honored
University life moved into high
gear here this morning as 12,000
students and members of the faculty
prepared for the second day of the
1939-1940 school year:
'The University officially opened
on Monday when 10,978 students,
a record enrollment, moved into cam-.
pus classrooms. At the same time
President Alexander G. Ruthven be-
gan his eleventh year ;as executive
officer of the University.-
President Ruthven was first ap-
pointed to his present office by the
Soard of Regents in October, 1929.
e had previously served as nominal
ecutive for almost a year, although
the official title of president had not
been conferred upon him.
- Textbooks Are King
Textbooks were king, but fraternity
a d oroaruity rushing, football, and
othie camuon-ivte also made
a change for stuent attention'
Foot 4l was in. the air, but the
first ga will iot be played until
Oct. 7 w p ichigan State College
brings its gridrxn -reresentatives to
the Ann Arbor adium.
It appeared 'ctain last night that
the new 'enrollm t will exceed even
the record numb r of 1938. At this
time last year only 10,500 were regis-
tered as compar with 10,978 regis-
tered thus far hs ar.; A compari-.
son of this y r'senllilment with
last year's re a' ax, Increase in
each' of the schools nd colleges as
follows: lter co ege, 4,622 this
year as compa d wi 4,561 last year;
engineerng, 132 is year as com-
pared with 2106 lat year; medicine,
452 this year as cmpared with 443
last year; law, 61 'this year as com-
pared'wtis r596 1at year; pharmacy,
79 this year as c ~pared with 77 for
last year; dentist y, 189 this year as
compared with 185 for last year;
architecture, 328 this year as com-
pared with 322 last year; business
administration, 207 this year as
compared with 198 for last year;
and music, 249 this year as com-
pared with 244 for last year.
One of the unususal features of the
1939 registratn was a swing in at-
tendance fropr the engineering college
to the lie ry college. Attendance
in the litary college registered an
increase Tver last year of 61, while
the at endance in' the engineering
school increased only 26.
Many New Buildings
Students returning to the campus
were greeted by many thousands of
dollars of new buildings, the most
prominent a luxurious quadrangle of
,mens dormitories behind the Union
building. Artists were scheduled to
Degin decorating the main lobby
of Michigan House today. They
i will pint murals and other pictorial
decor tions depicting Michigan early
histor and folk lore.
An 'Arbor hote:, restaurants, the
Union and the League are already
making plans to provide extra accom-
molatione on the weekend of Oct. 27
when a banquet in honor of Dr.
Ruthven, tae Michigan-Yale football
game and homecoming, and conven-
tions of t ie Michigan Press Associa-
tion and the Michigan Real Estate
Board a e expected to attract the
largest yeekend crowd of the year
here.
Six Chairmen Named
Personss wishing to attend the
Ruthven dinner, which will be held
in the .ost Field House on Friday
night, Oct. 27, can make reservations
'through six chairmen. They are Don
F. Williams, secretary of the Ann

Arbor Chamber of Commerce; Milo
E. Oliphant, In charge of the Uni-
versityrof Michigan club of Ann Ar-
bor; Prof. John L. Brumm, of the
journalism department; Wilson D.
White, president of the junior Ann
Arbor Chamber of Commerce; T.
Hawley Tapping, alumni 'secretary,
and Prof. Laylin K. James, of the
law school.
Twenty-six hundred persons are

booster Card
Sales Indicate
Wide Inierest
Orientation Week sales of Congress
Booster Cards proved students
to take advantage of the independent
men's organization's plan for dis-
counts on various personal services
and men's furnishings, Phil West-
brook, '40, sCongress president, an-
nounced yesterday.
Booster Cards, allowing discounts
from 10 to 30 per cent on cleaning,
pressing, shoe repairing and clothing,
sell to students and faculty members
at 50 cents each, the income being.
used to supplement the Congress
treasury in the support of such proj-
ects as the tutorial system and schol-
arship fund. They may be obtained
this week from 2 to 5 p.m. each day
in Room 306 of the Union. Jack
Hoover, '40, chairman of the student
welfare committee, is in charge of
sales.
Under the present arrangement,
cleaning and pressing services may
be obtained by Booster Card holders
at .a 30per cent discount from the
establishedr Ann Arbor pricescale,
and shoe repairing and men's furn-
ishings and clothing may be pur-
chased at a 10 per cent lower rate.,
Planned by Westbrook and Hoov-
er, the Booster Card project is being
tried on campus for the first time
this 'year. Arrangements are under
way to include other services besides
those already contracted for so as to
pass on-to the student as many sav-
ings as possible .
. .
By Fraternities
Interfraternity C o u n e i 1
Seeks To Coordinate
Programs For Week
With more than 700 registered for
rushing, the Interfraternity Council
announced yesterday that this year's
program has signed up more than 100
more men than in 1939.
The main contribution of the
Council to the program is now com-
pleted, according to Tom Adams, '40,
president of the Council, but the
registration files are still being kept
open and are available to any frater-
nity rushing chairman.
Beginning with a mimeographed
list of applicants, and ending with a
special meeting last Friday in Hill
Auditorium, the Council has been
strivingfor a better coordination be-
tween fraternities, Adams said.
Freshmen and other students wish-
ing to apply for rushing may still do
so at the Council offices, Adams ex-
plained. but the. former fifty cent
fee has been raised to a dollar. Rush-
ing itself will continue until Thurs-
day of next week and rules state that
no rushees may be in fraternity
houses after 6:30 p.m. Moreover, no
contact may be made with rushees
after 8:30 p.m. except by phone.
S inn Trials
HeldFor Men
Freshmen To Compete
Today For Glee Club
Freshman tryouts for the Univer-
sity Men's Glee Club will be held this
afternoon at 4:30 p.m. in the Glee
Club room on the third floor of the

Union, according to an announce-
ment by Robert Vandenberg, '40,
newly appointed business manager of
the organization.
All freshmen are invited to attend
the tryouts, Vandenberg pointed out.
Those selected will be held on a con-
sideration list until the second se-
mester at which time if they are eli-
gible they will be allowed to try for
the final approval of the club.

U.S. Must Prepare Now
To Preserve Our Peace
By ELLIOTT MARANISS and CARL PETERSEN
On the morning of Sept. 3, the sands of peace ran out in Europe.
Less than a year after the solemn declarations by the gentlemen of
Munich that we had finally achieved peace in our time, the armies of
the British and French empires have been sent forth against the
forces of Adolf Hitler. Not peace, then, but bullets and bombs and
death and hunger comprise the heritage of contemporary Europeans.
The editors of The Michigan Daily, like the great majority of
Americans, are of the opinion that there is no more urgent problem
confronting the people of this country than that of devising effective
methods of keeping the United States out of war. There is no need
for us at this point to contrast the benefits of peace and the destruction
of war: if there is one conviction that has permanently entered the
consciousness of the great mass of the American people it is the belief
that, granted the opportunity to 'remain at peace under democratic
institutions, Americans can soon fulfill their historic goal of creating
on this continent a humane social order serving the common well-
being. What is urgently required at this time, then, is a clear under-
standing of the causes of the present conflict and its probable effects
on our own emerging democracy. We must bring to light the efforts
of certain groups to secure our involvement in war to protect the
profits they derive from our foreign trade, a foreign trade that is
negligible in terms of total national income. Finally, we must reach
an awareness of the steps that must be instituted immediately to
preserve our neutrality.
There is no easy and epigrammatic explanation of the causes of
the present conflict. Arising out of the profound tensions and
clashes that have characterized the course of modern imperialism
and nationalism, the new war can be justified by any of the bellig-
erents on apparently rational historic and economic grounds. There
is no doubt, for example, that in the eyes of the Lombard Street
financiers, the continued existence of the British Empire in its pres-
ent position of predatory ,economid and financial dominance .is
threatened by the emerging National Socialist Empire in Central
Europe. Nor is there any doubt in the minds of Nazi officialdom
that the retaliatory and repressive measures of Versailles and the
inexorable pressure of the fascist economy make continued expan-
sion and aggression imperative for the existence of the Nazi state.
And there is no doubt in our own minds, despite the glib and pompous
pronouncements of the British government that it is fighting another
war to save democracy and to wipe the scourge of Hitlerism from
the earth, that the war in Europe is nothing but a clash of rival
imperialisms.
With the contention of the English and French that for decent,
democratic folk there is no living on this earth with the barbaric
credo of Naziism we are in full accord. We reserve our right as
free citizens of a democracy to express our abhorrence for a system
that is the negation of all the individual and social values of the
humanistic tradition. As the acknowledged leader of democratic
sentiment it would be criminal for America to remain aloof in any
effort torestore democratic government to ermany, Austria and
Czechoslovakia. There is not the slihtest evidence, however, that
the governments of Chamberlain and Daladier are fighting a war for
the liberation of the German people or for the permanent elimination
of fascism from Europe. The conciliatory manner in which France
and England viewed the fascist destruction of Ethiopia, Spain
Austria and Czechoslovakia and the ineffectual aid granted Poland
are sufficient indications of Chamberlain and Daladier's concern for
European democracy.
Viewed in the light of the facts cited above, most of the current
neutrality proposals appear to be nothing less than alternative
methods to insure our entrance into the war. The arguments and
particularly the proonents of both cash-and-carry and the embargo
strongly indicate that neither group is to be trusted to 'keep the
United States out of war. The princial item in the neutrality act
so dear to the hearts of Senators Borah and Vandenberg is an em-
bargo on arms, ammunitions and implements of war. There is no
provision in that law. however, to prevent the shipment of vast
quantities of other goods that warring nations are likely to buy from
us. And, most important of all, there is no clause that prevents the
extension of credit-the one item of export that is most likely to
lead us into war, as the experience of 1917 conclusively demon-
strated.
The alternative proposal of cash-and-carry, advocated so stren-
uously by most of the big business interests, who have now magically
found themselves on the side of the President, would amend the
act to allow belligerents to purchase arms and any other goods, pro-
vided they paid for the material here and transported it on their
own shins. While this amendment would absolve the United States
of any legal responsibility once the ships left our harbors, it would,
in effect, because of the superior navies and merchant marines of
Great Britain and France, make us their virtual ally. Once the
profits start it will be impossible to call a halt to our war trade: and
the next step from there is to enter the conflict.
It appears to us that the entire debate concerning the neutrality
act is a sham battle, avoiding the realities of the situation, and divert-
ing the attention of the American people from the task of creating
the basis of real neutrality and a lasting peace. The profiteers and
munitions makers are intent on getting us into the conflict: they are
divided, only temporarily. as to means.
The editors of The Michigan Daily are convinced that the first

step toward keeping the United States out of war must be a thorough
and complete policy of non-intercourse with any of the belligerents:
no trade of any sort under any conditions, no credit or cash loans,
and no shipments of arms. Too many people seem to believe, that
while it would be pleasant if the United States could keep out of the
war, circumstances will eventually compel us to enter. We refuse
to accept any" such mechanistic inevitability. The forces that are
lable to lead us to war are very real and very apparent; but there
is nothing inherent in their nature that cannot be changed or con.
trofled. They are exactly the same forces that lead any modern in-
dustrial nation that has oriented its economy to the profits of im-
per.Ilist expansion and foreign trade to war. We will be forced to
enter the war only if we continue to cling to the idea that the only
possible form of economy for the United States is that of an im-
perialist nation, depending for its prosperity on the sale of its sur-
plus nroduction.
The United States has just about reached the stage in its demo-
cratic development when it can and must concentrate its entire energy
to the task of developing a self-contained economy pointed toward
raising the national standard of living by means of an equitable dis-
tribution of the national wealth. Nothing less than this can keep
us at peace, internally or abroad. If, as we are told, this is a time

Roosevelt Picks Up
Strength In Fight
On Arms Embargo
Administration Proposes Substitute Bill
Described As An All-Inclusive,
Strict Cash-Carry Program
WASHINGTON, Sept. 25.-(/P)-The Roosevelt effort to repeal the
arms embargo gained strength in the Senate today after Administration
forces had formally proposed a substitute which was described as a strict and
all-inclusive cash and carry system.
The introduction of the measure brought private expressions of approval
from several Senators who have yet to commit themselves publicly on the
crucial issue. In addition; the influential Senator George (Dem.-Ga.) an-
nounced his out-right support. He said the new bill would mean "strict
cash and carry, not only for arms but for every article and all materials"
exported to belligerents.
Administration Claims New Votes
Forty-four Senators (only five less than a majority) had previously
announced themselves in favor of repeal of the embargo on arms ship-
ments to warring nations and so today's developments were welcomed by
Administration men as new evidence that they have the votes.
However, the opposition of the group led by Senator Borah (Rep.-Ida.),
Vandenberg (Rep.-Mich.), Clark (Dem.-Mo.), and LaFollette (Prog.-Wis.),
remained undiminished. Several of the bloc immediately expressed 'a
renewed determination to hold out until the end against repealing the
embargo. They were counting on debate, in the Senate and elsewhere, tQ
swing votes to their side.
In an harmonious atmosphere-of uncertain duration-the Senate
Foreign Relations Committee met, received the measure and readily ap-
proved a request from Borah to pogtpone further action until Thursday; so
that the opposition might have an adequate opportunity to study the
measure.
Then, the Senate itself met for an uneventful two-minute session. Sen-
ator Barkley, the majority leader, called for an immediate adjournment
until Thursday, saying such a course had the approval of the Minority
Leader, Senator McNary (Rep.-Ore.). This too was readily agreed to.
But, after adjournment had been taken, the intensity of the neutrality
battle was emphasized by little groups of Senators on one side or the other,
who stayed on the floor for nearly an hour, conferring and planning strategy.

.HEAD COACH FRITZ CRISLER
Football eam
Drilling
For MSC Gi ame
Coach Fritz Crisler's football war-
riors, hard in the midst of a third
week of pre-season drills, cast their
eyes ahead today .to Oct. 7 when
they will meet Michigan State Col-
lege in the traditional game at the
Ann Arbor stadium.
With a growing injury list, the
Woliierines were scheduled to plunge
into another afternoon of hard de-
fensive drills at Ferry Field today.
Missing from the practice will be
Horace Tinker, second string center,
who dislocated his left elbow in Sat-
urday's secret scrimmage. He will be
lost to "the squad for two or three
weeks, and . Bob Ingalls; sophomore
tackle, is being shifted over to the
pivot spot which he held on last
year's freshman team.
Harmon Strains Muscle
Another temporary addition to the
cripple squad is Tom Harmon,' star
back, wh suffering from a strained
muscle. Harmon was in uniform and
tossed passes to the ends who went
through a long session of receiving.
Also among the injured but in uni-
form, were Captain and center Archie.
Kodros, who had an old cut opened
over his right eye in Saturday's scrim-
mage, and Forrest Evashevski, quar-
terback,. who has been slowed up by
a wrenched ankle.
While his troubles have been
mounting, Coach Crisler has found
something to smile about the last
few days in the work of Sophomore
fullback Bob Zimmerman and tackle
Roland Savilla.
Zimmerman Looks Good
Zimmerman worked out with the
first squad yesterday. Although he
is not quite up to Bob Westfall, the
highly touted Ann Arbor fullback, on
offense, Zimmerman has begun to
look better defensively and is now in
the thick of the fight for the first
string berth.
Although already assured of a
starting position, Savilla in Satur-
day's scrimmage and again in yes-
terday's tackling workout gave a
heartening exhibition of savage and
spirited play.
Among the reserves who were
counted on to give the Wolverines
additional power but who will be out
for another two weeks at least are
tackles Dennis Kuhn with a dislocat-
ed shoulder, and Al Wistert with a
sprained ankle.

French

Guns Are Pounding

At German

Siegfried Forts

The big guns of the Fr(
day) night against Germgi
Front.

(By Associated Press)

Swiss dispatches said French troops resumed their drive from the Saar
Basin to the Vosges mountains in the heaviest Western Front action to date.
Sounds of heavy firing indicated a big naval battle iight be under way
in Norway.
Hear Naval Battle
Inhabitants reported day-long cannonading far at sea after several ships
of undetermined nationality were seen rushing toward the supposed scene
* of battle at full speed.
.An official communique in Berlin
Swee FS greported a British destroyer as sunk
by a German submarine. No details-
Western Coast were given.
e~ter OaSL The 1,839-ton Swedish steamer Sil-
esia was torpedoed and sunk off the
Norwegian coast. The crew was res-
Heavy Winds Take Death cued.
TolOf42PersonsThe ship was the fourth neutral
ersons ship sunk in three days, and the inci-
dent added to resentment in northern
LOS ANGELES, Sept. 25.-(P)-A European countries over German sub-
new gale from the southwest bore marine activity in Skagerrak, en-
down upon Southern California's trance to the Baltic Sea.
coast today on the tail of violent The French also announced tonight
winids that left 42 persons dead or they had defeated a German airfleet
wis .in two major air battles over the
missing. Western Front yesterday.
Nearly 200 persons had been res- The battles were fought as a pre-
cued from pleasure boats and fishing liminary to the pounding of Ger-
craft wrecked and disabled by yes- many's main Siegfried forts from one
terda's sorm.end of the Western Front to the other
terday's storm. by big French guns which opened up
Swamped with rescue work, coast today.

guard officials said they liad no defi-
nite idea of how many boats might
actually be missing.
C. P. Holdren, assistant harbor
master at Santa Monica, issued a
warning that a new storm was ex-
pected that might be as bad or worse
than yesterday's.

War Summary

From
On

World Capitals
September 26

Foau rEscaped Convicts
Captured After Chase

-v.
Speeding Auto Overturns;
Kidnaped Officials Are
Returned Uninjured
MENOMINEE, Mich., Sept. 25.-(P)
-Four convicts who fled from the
Northern Michigan prison at Mar-'
quette late today were captured with-
out a shot tonight, and the officials
they carried with them on their flight
rescued, after their automobile over-
turned on a sharp curve five miles
north of Menominee tonight. '
The capture climaxed a wild 90-1
me-_,-,' hoer isffter +he cnvicnts I

parole board member, had been let
out of the convicts' car about 40 miles
from Marquette.
John T. Erdlitz, Menominee city
policeman who participated in the
capture, said, "one of the convicts
had a wooden gun and another had
an iron wrench."
Erdlitz said-the fugitives' car came
down US-41 at high speed, and when
its driver saw the barrier he wheeled
sharply, the car turning on two
wheels, and fled north on M-35.
About six shots were fired, Erdlitz
estimated, and the police at the bar-
ricade set out in pursuit.

(By Associated Press)
PARIS-French announce de-
feat of German air fleet in two
major air battles; French big
guns reported pounding main
forts of Siegfried Line along en-
tire Western Front.
BASEL--Swiss dispatches say
French resumed drive against
Siegfried Line from Saar Basin
to Vosges Mountains in heaviest
Western Front action to date.
-0--
ROMANSHORN, Switzerland
-German airplane motor plant
in former zeppelin works at
Friedrichshafen reported disabled
by Allied air raid.
BERLIN-Germans say mass-
ing of troops along Netherlands
and Belgian frontiers is precau-
tion against French and British
plans; announce British destroy-

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