THE MICHIGAN DAILY FRIDAY, N&V o~7
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
iwCEGL ~ors w m . t a N Ow*Mw ,.O
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Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1939-40
Harvard Action Called A Hack Upon
Civil Liberties,_And A Step To War
Stan M. Swinton
Morton L. Linder'
Norman A. Schorr
John N. Canavan
Mel Fineberg .
. . . .*
. . . .
. City Edito
. Associate Edito
* Sports Editoz
. Paul R. Par
Ganson P. Taggar
. Jane Mowers
*Harriet S. Levy
TH I NGS!..
Business Manager ..
Asst. Business"Mgr., Credit Manager
Women's Business Manager
Women's Advertising Manager
Publications Manager .
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
NIGHT EDITOR: ELIZABETH M. SHAW
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
By ELLIOTT MARANISS
Among all Americans who are interested in
keeping America out of the war that is now en-
gulfing Europe there is at least this fundamental
point in common: that the first and most im-
portant of all the safeguards of both our peace
and our democracy is the vigilant defense of
our civil liberties.
In these days of unabated war hysteria, when
supposedly responsible and rational organiza-
tions, officials, magazines and newspapers are
whipping the war fever to an almost unquench-
able heat, when Martin Dies is carousing around
the country with a big red paintbrush, it is
necessary to do more than pay mere lip-service
to the general concepts of civil liberties, of
freedom of the press and speech, and of aca-
demic freedom. What is at stake is nothing
less than the preservation of our peace, the v,
tention of our democratic processes, and our
continued existence as a progressive people.
These are things that require active, organized
and coherent defense. Every effort to deprive
any American individual or group of their basic
rights must be answered by the American
people with an overwhelming expression of dis-
Especially in the universities and colleges,
the guardians of our democratic culture, must
a militant effort be made to forestall any
abridgement of the rights of students to obtain
a comprehensive and reasoned view of the
present world crisis. Once we are deprived of
the right to hear all sides of the question, once
we are told that there are limitations to what
we can hear and think, we will be well on the
road to war.
In this regard, we think the action of the
Administration of Harvard University in deny-
ing the John Reed Society its right of hearing a
speaker of its oxen choice, is a serious threat
both to our democratic rights and to our security'
from war. It is an action that one would ex-
pect from Hitler, Chamberlain or Daladier, all
of whom have a war on their hands that is
exceedingly unpopular. In America, however,
it is an action that must be answered strenu-
ously by the students in every college in the
country. The boys at Harvard are fighting the
case, and we can help them by becoming clearly
aware in our own minds as to what exactly is at
stake, and by insisting that the Harvard admin-
istration rescind its order.
The facts in the case are worth repeating, not
so much because of their importance as facts,
but as an example of the "technicality tech-
nique" being employed these days to stifle any
expression of controversial opinion. The John
Reed Society invited Mr. Earl Browder to speak
at Harvard on "The World Crisis," because it
felt that the students and faculty of the Uni-
versity wanted to hear all sides of this important
topic. Mr. Browder, of course, is the repre-
sentative of a legitimate point of view, just as
Lord Lothian, or Jean Giradoux, the French
Minister of Information, or Dorothy Thomp-
son, all of whom addressed the recent Herald-
Tribune Forum, are also representatives of legi-
timate points of view.
When Mr. Browder was indicted on a techni-
cal passport charge, Mr. Jerome D. Greene, Secre-
tary of the Harvard Corporation, suggested that
the meeting be abandoned, "lest questions of
propriety be raised." The John Reed Society,
of course, recognized the right of the Administra-
tion to make such suggestions, but it also per-
tinently indicated that the indictment imposes
no civil disability on Mr. Browder, and that
"questions of 'propriety' ought not to keep the
students from hearing what he has to say."
When permission was again requested for use of
New Lecture Hall, Mr. Greene went beyond mere
suggestion and definitely refused.
The students at Harvard felt that this re-
fusal was an invasion of the rights guaranteed
to Harvard students by the tradition of the
University. Further than that, it should be
apparent to students all over the country, that
in refusing the boys at Harvard the right to
hear a speaker of their own choice, the Adminis-
tration has done nothing less than to contribute
to the undemocratic hysteria that is working
for our participation in the war by curtailing
the fundamental civil liberties of the American
people. No other interpretation is possible. The
entire incident must be placed in the context of
the plans of the war forces ofthis country to pre-
pare the way for our involvement by stifling
public opinion, by attacking and smearing labor
and peace groups, by annihilating all the pro-
gressive advances so painfully acquired in the
last few years, and by inculcating a totalitarian
psychology in the minds of the American people.
It is a tendency that must be fought with all
the resources and strength at our command.
Essentially the struggle on the part of the
students at Harvard to retain their civil and
academic rights is a fight against war. As such
it should be actively supported by those who
will be called upon to do the dirty work in this
war. If the boys at Harvard lose, we'll be that
much closer to a bloody death. If they win it
will give added courage and hope to those who
feel that a peaceful world is an ideal worth
working for, and within the possibility of human
Iifeems to -Me
There is nothing in the popular delusion that
a war in Europe is a boom to newspapers in
America. Circulation may go up, but not as
A Coke Date
Or Your Life? . .
TWENTY-TWO years ago, 2,000 stu-
dents and faculty members of this
University left Ann Arbor to help "make the
world safe for democracy." Three hundred of
these people did not come back to Ann Arbor.
They were killed on the battlefields of Europe.
They died that democracy might live and democ-
racy since then has evinced no great desire to
take advantage of their blood and their lives.
But that is not the point we want to make
here. Yesterday, in Hill Auditorium, a Uni-
versity Peace Service to honor these valiant
dead was held. Tribute was paid to these men.
Speeches were made and the roll call of the
courageous was read. And the speakers told
how little we can accomplish by entering the
foreign fight and how imperative it was that
we stay away, concentrating on straightening
out our own country, fortifying our nation against
the ravages of that tyranny that brought about
the present embroglio. "That was all very well.
A fine speaking program it was. The com
mittee had received permission to use Hill Audi-
torium so that all the thousands of young people
who must be interested in preserving peace
would have a chance to participate. All of the
major organizations on campus endorsed and
helped promote the meeting. It was announced
in The Daily. It was announced on the bulletin
boards. It was announced in fraternity houses
and dormitories. Preparations were made to
seat a capacity crowd, for surely in this huge
university, at least four or five thousand people
could take ten minutes or so off to declare them-
selves on the side of peace and'true democracy.
It was swell.
That is, it was swell, except THAT ONLY
ONE HUNDRED PEOPLE WERE IN ATTEND-
If that isn't an endictment of our student
body, then we have never seen one. Just imagine:
100 people, most of them friends and room-
mates of the committeemen, found time to at-
tend a meeting that was prepared solely for
them, to help them, to warn them, to instruct
them. This was not simply a meeting to com-
memorate those who died in that treacherous,
useless, costly, and brutal struggle. This was
to be a demonstration meeting: students, who
are supposed to want peace, were to demon-
strate that they did not want to leave Ann Arbor
to die on some foreign field that some gigantic
empire might endure. They were supposed to
demonstrate that they could not be lured once
again by nationalistic propaganda, by cries
of Americanism and Huns and Allies. They
were supposed to demonstrate that they wanted
a peaceful America, a free, humane, equal and
tolerant America. And 100 of them showed
Well, we might as well fit ourselves up for
a khaki suit, for if the young people of the
nation, the students, schooled in the real mo-
tives behind such a war, cannot break away
from their traditional apathetic stand to lend
their voices in a cry for freedom and peace,
then we might as well become resigned to what
will come and get our guns in order.
But we do not want to lie down and give up
in this manner. Those 100 people who attended
the meeting, who thought more of their lives
than of a coke date or a radio program or even
a book, did not go to Hill Auditorium simply
TZ paustXs s aaoTISlu q em w Jequ a ax o
years ago or that 300 students and faculty men
With South America .. .
ATTENDING a conference on Inter-
American Relations in Washington
this week are four members of the University's
faculty. Summoned personally by Secretary of
State Cordell Hull, they are: Prof. Arthur S.
Aiton of the history department; Prof. Charles
C. Fries of the English department; Prof. Pres-
ton E. James of the geography department and
Prof. J. Raleigh Nelson, Director of the Inter-
The conferences, taking three days in all, will
concentrate on something called "international
education and cultural relations." Directed by
Secretary Hull and attracting experts from all
over the country who are interested in the educa-
tion and cultural development of foreign stu-
dents, the conferences are, admirably, directed
toward the promotion of a better feeling be-
tween the United States and the Latin American
These meetings surely can help to create a
more satisfactory cooperation among the coun-
tries of this side of the world. They show a new
spirit of friendship and a desire to work out
certain problems that the exchange of students
between various countries causes. They show
a serious attempt at dispelling the distrust felt
for this country in many of the South American
countries, a distrust arising from this country's
attempts to control its business life.
In the past few years, Germany has made
great inroads on our trade with South America.
German products are to be seen everyzhere,
even though Germany has no money with which
to trade and must rely on her barter system.
South America has sought, in this manner, to
escape what it felt was the attempt of American
business to exert undue control over her. She
has been afraid of the United States and has,
consequently, turned to other countries. Mexico,
in its attempts to throw off the bonds of Ameri-
can business, has seen fit to "go the whole hog"
and expropriate a great part of American oil
holdings in her country. While the Lima Con-
ference of last summer helped somewhat in
bettering Inter-American relations, the recent
Panama coniference showed the old distrust for
"Yankee imperialism" is still present.
The Lima conference pointed the way to co-
operation between countries of the new world. It
stressed friendship and cooperation, not the
old "dollar diplomacy that has earned this
country only enmity from nations whose friend-
ship is vitally necessary to us. Now, Germany
is at war and is unable to consolidate her gains
in the goodwill of South America. We have a
chance to step in and, if we are able to abandon
our old selfish policies, can promote a real
brotherhood of nations on these two continents.
The meetings in Washington this week have as
their purpose the cementing of a friendship
through aiding in the solution. of some of the
problems of South America. They are a good
start toward peace and the extension of democ-
racy in the new world.
(Editor's Note: This is a university.
One goes to classes (sometimes). In
'these classes, after several weeks, the
professors conjure up what are known
as bluebooks. Mr. Q. is a student in
this university. He goes to classes
(sometimes). He has a professor that
'"has conjured up one of these BB. So
he blows the dust off the books, locks
himself in his room and goes to sleep.
And Laurie Mascott, a junior night
editor, carries on for today. -Mr Q.
O'NE of the best lines we've heard it
a long time has been evolved b
a famed campus nature-lover an
Ann Arbor historian. It seems tha
this individual can find nothing bette:
to do on 'a Sunday afternoon tha
to take a young lady of his choice o
a personal field trip through th
Arboretum. But the Arboretum o
a cold Sunday afternoon has muh
in common with Little America an
attempts, therefore, to "sell" the little
woman on an expedition on such ax
afternoon have, to be indeed convinc-
This particular male, however, i
not only observant and ingenious, bu
has a fairly good knowledge of An
Arbor history. He had noticed, ever
in his freshman year, that Ann Arbo
and its surrounding hills have a grea
resemblance to Germany's famec
Rhineland and with his knowledge o:
history he recalled the story of th
German nobleman's son who was on
of the early settlers of Ann Arbor
According to the legend, this Rhinis
prince, when coming to Ann Arbor
had seen the resemblance and some-
where in the brush and forest of An
Arbor's hills had built a typically
German windmill in tribute to some
lost love back in Deutschland. What
then, could be more romantic
claimed the observant one to his
Sunday afternoon date, than t
search for this lost mill of love?
Needless to say, the expedition was
organized and they searched for the
lost mill all last Sunday afternoon
As yet we haven't found out wheth-
er or not the mill was found, but
we do know that another expeditior
is planned for this Sunday evening
not afternoon. It seems that this in-
genious Joe has only recently found
out that Ann Arbor's lovers' mill, losi
for years in our Rhinish hills, car
only be discovered by moonlight.
* * *
Conceived by a notorious campus
MY LAST GOODBYE
(Dedicated to the Big Ten Title
and the Mythical National Cham-
I smiled, so did you,
(Before the season began)
But last week we knew
It was my last goodbye to you.
Your cup so divine,
Seemed almost mine,
When I said goodbye to you.
For, darling, though you are gone.
The dream lingers on,
Of days when we thought we'd
I smile through a tear,
Today makes a year
(Remember Minnesota last
Since I said goodbye to you.
SEE IT 0 0
To the Editor:
Alice in Wonderland sighed wear-'
ily. "I think you might do some-
thing better with the time," she said,
"than wasting it in asking riddles
that have no answers."
Alice was annoyed with her world
of little Mad Hatters andhtheir logic.
Yet were Alice to visit this 20th
century world of ours her annoyance
with the mental processes of certain
groups would be none the less
For example: Alice might well try
to digest the Young Communist
League's statement to the effect that
Russia is an important factor for
world peace. After feeling the pains
of indigestion she might ask, "Was
not Hitler given the go light to
throw Europe into war by Dictator
Stalin's consent to participate in the
spoils of Poland? Would Hitler have
dared the invasion if Russia had not
secretly given promise of aid?" As a
question of interest Alice might won-
der why "peaceful" Russia was w.g-
ging a big stick at peace loving Fin-
land, Estonia, Latvia, and Norway?
Turning to the American Commun-
ists naive Alice might ask why they
favored lifting the embargo law dur-
ing the recent Spanish Civil War
and opposed it now? Why did they
consider it the blackest day in modern
history when England refused to
assume its treaty obligations to the
Czechs and today still contend it is
a black day when England belatedly
assumes her treaty obligations to
Alice, I imagine you are quite dizzy
now. But you needn't be. The
foreign Isms and their American
enunternarts do not have to he con-
FRIDAY, NOV. 10, 1939
VOL. L. No. 41
Faculty, School of Education: The
postponed meeting of the Faculty will,
be held Monday noon, Nov. 13, at
12 o'clock at the Michigan Union.
Faculty, College of Literature, Sci-
ence, and the Arts :
Midsemester reports are due not
later than Saturday, Nov. 18. More
cards, if needed, can be had at my
These reports should name those
students, freshman and upperclass,
whose standing at midsemester time
is D or E, not merely those who re-
ceive D or E in so-called midsemes-
Students electing 'our course, but
registered in other schools or col-
leges of the University, should be re-
ported to the school or college in
which they are registered.
E. A. Walter, Assistant Dean,
Extracurricular Medical School
Lecture: A Medical School Lecture
will be given Wednesday, Nov. 15, at
4:15 p.m. in the Rackham Lecture
Hall. The speaker will be Dr. Le-
Moyne Snyder, State Police expert
on medical legal advice, and his sub-
ject will be "The Doctor and the
Law." All Medical School classes
will be dismissed at 4 p.m. in order
that the students may attend. The
public is invited.
The University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Information
will hold a registration meeting in'
the Natural Science Auditorium at
4:10 p.m. on Tuesday, Nov. 14. This
meeting will be conducted by Dr. Pur-
dom, Director of the Bureau. It is
open to all students, both seniors and
graduate students, as well as staff
members, and applies to people who
will be seeking positions at any time
within the next year. Only one reg-
istration is held during the school
year, and everyone who will be avail-
able through next August should en-
roll at this time.
The Bureau has two placement div-
isions: Teaching and General. The
General Division registers people who
are interested in any kind of work
other than teaching.
The University Bureau of Appoint- Suomi Club meetirg in the Upper
ments and Occupational Information Room of Lane Hall tonight at 8:00-
rapidly as costs, and the
whole tendency of a period
of conflict is a lowering of
journalistic standards. It
becomes even more difficult
than usual to pin down the
truth. Censorship caps a
long list of hurdles which lie
between the action and the
printed story. War alter-
nates between seeming to
range: $150 to $190 per month, Nov.
Highway Engineering Draftsman
AI, salary range: $140 to $160 per
month, Nov. 17.
Escheats Field Representative I,
salary range: $150 to $190 per month,
Highway Landscape Engineer II,
salary range: $200 to $240 per month,
Occupational Therapist A2, salary
range: $115 to $135 per month, Nov.
Liquor Store Clerk CI, salary range:
$95 to $110 per month, Nov. 17.
Power Plant Helper, salary: 'pre-
vailing rate,' Nov. 11.
Complete announcements on file
at the University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Information,
201 Mason Hall. Office hours: 9-12
Engineering Mechanics I: There
will be a review in E.M. 1 for all
classes from 7 to 9 tonight in Room
401 West Engineering Bldg.
Choral Union Concert: Alexander
Kipnis, Russian basso, with Fritz
Kitzinger, accompanist, wlil give the
third program in the Choral Union
Concert Series Monday night, at 8:30
o'clock, in Hill Auditorium.
Students in the Division of Hygiene
and Public Health: A special assembly
for all students in this Division will
be held this afternoon at 4 p.m. in
Room 20 Waterman Gymnasium. 'Ihe
speaker will be Miss Alma Haupt, Di-
rector of the Nursing Bureau of !he
Metropolitan Life Insurance Co.,-New
Chicago Club will hold a smoker
this evening at 8:00 in Room 319 of
the Union. All alumni from Chicago
who are in town are invited. Mr.
William Bacon, Alumni Head, will
be the chief speaker.
Stalker Hall: Bible Class will meet
at 7:30 tonight at the Methodist
Church. Dr. Brashares is the leader.
At 9 p.m. there will be a Folk Danc-
offer too little news and too much for digestion.
The present contest, in particular, has had
such a slight amount of action that all the
decks and all the front lines are cleared for
rumor and for rival propaganda.
But I have no desire to chime in with those
who seem impatient at the fact that this has
been to such a large extent a "phony" war. I
have encountered people who act almost as if
they were ringside ticket holders at a heavy-
weight bout in which both fighters were stall-
Surely from every humane point of view the
stalemate which goes on along the Western
Front, at the time this is written, is preferable
to the bloody sacrifices of 1917, when hundreds
of thousands were sacrificed for salients which
were of little moment. Moloch has known in
all history no altar such as that of Verdun,
where the youth of two nations spent itself
fruitlessly. Out of stalemate peace can come.
Huge casualty lists may leave both sides stand-
ing precisely where they are at present. And
I am not at all sure that a more inspired sort
of journalism could not find a greater oppor-
tunity for expression than it has yet manifested
in the very fact of inaction.
With all deference to tradition, I do not
think that news, either in peace or war, is limit-
ed to the recital of overt acts. True reporting
should be a great deal more than a recital of
oddities. It should go deeper into the common-
place and ordinary.
Journalism at its best is current history, and
in the long run history is compounded out of
things which may seem trivial at the moment.
There ought to be an eye for acorns as well as
oaks. All too frequently a daily paper takes on
the form of cataloguing the folk in a sideshow.
The silliest sort of playboy can earn himself
headlines by semi-insane antics. Lunatic acts
and kindred deeds are overplayed, in my opinion.
There is no poorer rule for the approximation
of news than the familiar adage about dogs
and men. Unless there is some special setting
for the Pvent T rlenv +he PaakfinPofn+ e ir
has received notice of the following
Civil Service examinations. The last
date for filing application is noted in
Senior Procurement Inspector, sal-
ary: $2,600, Dec. 4.
Procurement Inspector, salary: $2,-
300, Dec. 4.
Assistant Procurement Inspector,
salary: $2,000, Dec. 4.
Junior Procurement Inspector, sal-
ary: $1,600, Dec. 4.
Assistant Inspector of Hulls, salary:
$3,200, Dec. 27.
Assistant Inspector of Boilers, sal-
ary: $3,200, Dec. 27.
Special Agent, Trade and Indus-
trial Education, salary: $3,800, Dec. 4.
Chief Accountant (Transportation
Statistics), salary: $4,600, Dec. 4.
Assistant Chief Accountant (Trans-
portation Statistics), salary, $3,800,
Senior Accountant (Transportation
Statistics), salary: $3,500, Dec. 4.
Accountant (Transportation Sta-
tistics) ,salary: $3,200 ,Dec. 4.
Junior Officer, Mechanic, salary:
$1,860, Dec. 4.
Public Health Sanitarian I, salary
Warring Nations May Get
Aging Merchant Craft
WASHINGTON, Nov. 9.-OP)--The
question whether the Government
shoud permit the sale of aging
American merchant vessels to Eur-
ope's warring nations was raised to-
night by a proposal to sell five old
trawlers to the French Line.
An application for approval of the
sale was received by a Federal Mari-
time Commission from the Portland
Trawling Company, a subsidiary of
the Atlantic Coast Fisheries Com-
pany of New York.
The Maritime Commission an-r
nounced receipt of the application
while still wrestling with the ques-
tion of permitting the United States
Lines to transfer eight of its ships to
the flag of Panama so that they o
might visit belligerent ports closed to r
American flag ships by the new neu-I
adequacies but we also are not blind i
to the even greater inadequacies of F
Soviet Russia and Nazi Germany. We t
do not want our unborn children to o
grow up in a world dominated by the n
dogma of Nazism or Communism. We
wish the cultural andn1litica1 'vahi
Mr. M. Lappinen of Ypsilanti will
discuss Finnish Music.
Dance Class Committee: There will
be no meeting of the Dancing Class
committee today at 4 p.m. There
will also be a meeting of this com-
mittee on Monday at 4 p.m. at the
League in the Undergraduate offices.
Conservative Services will be held at
Hillel Foundation tonight at 7:30 p.m.
Prof. John Shepard of the psychology
Department, will lead the Fireside
Discussion at 8 p.m. on the subject,
"Men or Books Which Have Influ-
enced My Thinking." A social hour
Hillel Yiddish class will meet at
the Foundation this afternoon at 4:30
Try-Outs: Play Production and the
School of Music will give Mozart's
"Il Seraglio" the latter part of Jan-
uary. Vocal tryouts will be held in
Room 406, Burton Memorial Tower,
Sunday, Nov. 12, at 2:30 p.m. Contes-
tants are requested to bring suitable
music which they are prepared to
Freshman Round Table: Professor
Samuel A. Goudsmit, of the Physics
Department, will discuss the topic,
"Is Religion Compatible with Modern
Science?" at the Freshman Round
Table, Lane Hall, Saturday, 7:30 p.m.
Tta Kappa Nu meeting in the Michi-
gan Union on Sunday, Nov. 12, at
Junior Mathematical Society meet-
ing on Monday, Nov. 13, at 7:30 p.m.
i&the Michigan League. Mr. Chester
Weger will speak on "Three Problems
The Art Cinema League presents
"The History of Animation" as the
second in the series of "Most Prom-
nent American Films," on Sunday,
Nov. 12, at the Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre. Matinee, 3:15 p.m. Eve-
The Graduate Outing Club will go
on a hike. Sunday, Nov. 12, at 2:30
p.m. Mr. John Wilson of the Geology
Department will point out various
points of geologic interest. Upon re-
urning to the Club Room, Prof. S. W.
Allen will show slides of the Wilder-
iess Trip through the Gila National
Forest in New Mexico. If you intend
o stay for supper, sign list on door
f1. the Club Room before Saturday
Reseantions for the dinner +o ha