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NI'HT bIT dR: ALVIN SARASOHN
V .The editorials published ,in The Michigan
,ak Sy are writen by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views 'of the witers
T HE GOVERNMENT 'of the United'
States is faced today with one of the
gravest problems of its histbry, keeping our na-
tion out of the Second World War. More press-
ingly, the Amierican people, as indiviiuals,' are
faced wltitihis problem-shall we stay out of
the war, and, if so, how shall we do it?
The answer to the first of these two ques-
tions is very evident, being almost unanimously
voiced by every sensibly thinking person in the
country. Very few people want war; nearly
everyone dreads the'thought of our entering the
conflict now going on in Euroe.
RegardBless of the support given the proposal"
that we stay out of the war, there have been
comparatively few answers to the second ques-
tion, calling for a means of keeping America out
of the struggle. In fact, there has been a great
deal of talk-not only by college students; but
also by the supposedly more-mature men and
women of our society-which seems to reflect an
attitude of "what' the use-we'll be dragged in
This attitude, so often expressed verbally by
many stucjents, is an exemplification of fatalism,
and fatalism is not the means by which we
shall achieve the end of staying clear of war.
This feeling, in fact, will help only to draw us
neaer t' war. A feeling, especially if it be
voiced as something sincerely believed, that war
is ijievitable will work to 'counteract the practical
^and perhaps heroic efforts made to keep America
neutral, which are now being made by the mem--
bers of our governmient and the more-thinking
'mefmbers'of the American people.
If we look at the matter objectively, without
rationalizing, we must see that no matter how
much we may hate the thought of war and
how strongly we may want to fight to stay outa
of war, any feeling that our becoming involved
is inevitable is bound to weaken our efforts. No
one can deny that he is apt to weaken in a
struggle when he feels that his cause is hope-
less, that he cannot win.
It may be argued that a belief which claims
that we wil not enter the war will do no real"
good. Many people in America, believers in the
faith called "Unity," have a contradiction for
this. According to the principles of Unity, think-
ing or believing a thing makes it become true.
Strength is, in their belief, given to any move-
merit or idea by "faith in it and expresIons of
It is not forjne to argue about the validity of
the claims of a religious faith or philosophy, and
I cannot prove that the fatalistic view which
says that we are bound to enter the war will
absolutely work against our efforts to stay out
of it. Yet it cannot be denied that any effort,
successful o not, to keep us out of war is worth
the trouble. And it is evident that it would be
no great effort to keep from voicing the feeling
and affecting other people with it, even though
we may not be able to keep ourselves from believ-
ing that America's entry into the war is inevit-
RISON REFORM has been an issue
in civilized society at least since the
horrors of the Bastille came to light. Prison re-
form has been advocated for the cause of sym-
pathy, the name of humanity and for the general
progress of civilization.
Many steps, indeed, have already been taken
to "humanize" our penal institutions. Harsh
treatment of prisoners is being eliminated, prison
equipment is being modernized and effort is be-
ing made to improve even the food. Prisons are
now designed to fit prisoners for a useful life in
society, once they return. We have come to
realize that' prisons have the positive function
of preparing, rather than the negative one of
To this end, even bars and prison walls have
been removed in the cases of some institutions.
Results have been far from satisfying.
The boys' reformatory in St. Charles, Ill., is
an institution surrounded by no wall or bar of
any kind. Its inmates are permitted to do their
work in open fields and in unguarded buildings.
The institution goes hire guards, but (and' re-
member, all this is in the name of "humanity,"
and designed to create an. atmosphere more
typical of real society) evidently these men hover
about their charges none too closely, No situa-
tion could be more tempting to youthful wrong-
Within the last year numerous escapes from
the St. Charles reformatory have been attempted,
some successful, :other unsuccessful. In all cases
only one, two *or three boys at a time ventured
to try. Last Tuesday, however, the obvious
faults of this institution's protection were glar-
ingly revealed when a 'group of thirteen boys
made its escape. The sheriff's posse, sent oul-to
search for the boys, was warned by the super-
intment of the reformatory that they were
"big, bad andlikely to be dangerous if cornered."
Should actual criminals like these be placed.
in prisons without bars? Should ociety expect
protection from such an institution, when youth-
ful incorrigibles are assigned to it? When the
reformatory superintendent himself admits they
are "big, bad and likely to be dangerous if
cornered," and yet permits them to work without
sufficient guard, isn't there something wrong
with the whole setup?
Prison reform may have its place in the pro-
gress of civilization, but extremes in this field
must be watched with extreme caution. Prisons
without bars may be utilized effectively, prob-
ably, in comparatively few cases, but certainly
not. to house youths "likely to be dangerous!!"
Surely a prison without bars scarcely merits its
-Howard A. Goldman
,WASHINGTON-To the general public, war
developments and the neutrality battle in Con-
gress have combined to blackout the group of
important municipal elections Tuesday. But not
to party leaders, who are watching them with
intense interest as significant indicators of the
Attention is chiefly focused on three elections
in 'three key sections of the country-the East,
Midwest, and Pacific Coas. Each is a contest
of a liberal Democrat against an entrenched
In the East the battleground is rockribbed Re-
publican Philadelphia, where Judge Robert E.
Lamberton, hand-picked candidate of Joseph
Pew, oil-millionaire boss of the local GOP, is
opposed by Demiocratic City Controller Robert C.
White on a reform platform backed by some i-
dependent Republicans. Many years of machine
rule have bankrupted the city-last year it had
to hock its municipal gas plant to raise operating
" funds-and White is demanding a new deal in.
The major Midwest contest is in Detroit, be-
tween Repu'blican Mayor ,Richard Reading and
Edward J. Jefferies, a new.young Democratic
crusader. Thirty-six years old, son of a promi-
nent Democrat who sat on the State bench for
30 years, Jefferies led Reading by better than
5-to-2 in a non-partisan primary early last
month. Jefferies is personable and dynamic
and is being groomed by state Democratic chiefs
to go after Senator Arthur Vandenberg's scalp
The important West Coast fight is in San
Francisco, where veteran Mayor Rossi is being
challenged by Representative Frank Havenner,
one-time water power crusader, one-time secre-
tary to Senator Hiram Johnson, and a staunch
New Dealer. Havenner has the backing of all
labor factions plus reform elements.
Theatrical folk complain that Washington is
a poor show town. There is good reason: Half
a dozen prima donnas perform every day on
Capitol Hill, and there is no admission charge.
.A visit to the Dies committee hearings is bett&
than any vaudeville act. To be seen at these
performances are the same faces that were on
hand when J. Pierpont Morgan held a midget on.
his knee at the banking investigation, the people
who listened to the duPonts defending them-
selves at the munitions probe and witnessed the
power lobbyists writhe under the lash of Senator,
Mr. Swinton . Oerlooks
To the Editor:
In his recent letter regarding American policy
and attitude toward Britain, Mr. Swinton over-
looked three factors. Mr. Swinton's portrayal
of Empire loyalty is all very touching, but he
forgets that the Indian Rajahs who are sup-
posed to be pouring their wealth into W.W.2 are
still on the point of rebellion. Lord Lilinth-
gow's political blunder of Indian foreign policy
recently did not help the situation any. The
only thing holding the Indian Rajahs back from
rebellion is the fear of Russia to the North. Eng-
land is accepted as the lesser of two evils.
The next point concerns the League of Nations.
Mr. Swinton naively states that when England
yielded up her leadership to the League of Na-
tions, tyranny began to spread. Yet the very
attitude of England rendered the League help-
less and later struck its death-blow. In 1931
when the League was wobbling, a strong backing
by England would have bolstered it and given it
enormous prestige. Soon after came the Ethio-
pian war. One-half of the party in power swore
they would back the League, while the other
half, at the same time, was negotiating with
France to let Italy take Ethiopia. In such a
bewildering complex of political cross-currents
is it 'any wonder that the American people have
become suspicious of British policies?
Third, if England and France had followed
Wilson's peace proposals, instead of yielding to
the cry of Vae Victis and dividing the spoils,
we would have no Hitler today. England and
France created Hitler. Let them get rid of him.
Now one cannot blame England for fighting
Hitler. America, if in England's position, would
undoubtedly do likewise. But let us not hear any
of this talk about Britain fighting America's war.
Somehow the- old war cry, "England expects
every American to do his duty," does not ring
true. We are a peaceful and happy nation, com-
paratively speaking. Let us remain that, way.
To the Editor:
The complaint against the General Library by
Mr. Walter Kaler, Jr., of Waldboro, Me., and
the class of '41, deserves a serious reply. (Mich.
Daily, Nov. 2-39.)
The diagnosis of the difficulty is simple
enough: there are not enough copies of books to
go around. The Librarian has to place the books
where his experience indicates they will be called
for most, and most frequently. Hence the Angell
Probably Mr. Kaler did not intend his sugges-
tion of one hundred copies of each book to be
taken seriously. At as low a figure as $2 per copy,
the job would require about two hundred million
dollars. But there are thousands of books owned
by the University, like all the books in the
Clements Library, which are worth more than
$2 per copy. Perhaps Mr. Kaler wants merely
to have a good many copies of certain selected
titles. The problem would be the same: who is
going to pay for them? The Librarian makes
his funds go as far as he can, but the General
Library is only one of sixty departments on the
campus, all of which need larger appropriations.
About once a year, the Daily ought to announce
that for every dollar paid by a student for his
education, the taxpayers of Michigan sacrifice
three dollars. Before we ask the taxpayers to
do any more, perhaps the problem might be laid
before the Alumni of the University who live
in the State of Maine.
-Randolph G. Adams
)By Young Gulliver
SORRY, folks, but here we are again. After
hiding all week under the kitchen table,
Gulliver crawled out, his face covered with jam,
and scrambled up to his typewriter to resume
There were a lot of people in town for the
Yale-Harmon game last Saturday, but among
them was one gent whom you couldn't miss. He
was dressed in a light blue shirt and a- hideous
yellow tie; and with a fat cigar to top it off, he
looked like the most blatant Old Grad who ever
came back to gape at the Rackham School. He
had a nose like a hammer and a mouth like
HE WAS F.P.A., of the Conning Tower, Infor-
mation Please, half a dozen newspapers and
half a dozen books. In the middle of the morning
he came strolling into The Daily building, accom-
panied by a gent named Masher or Smasher,
class of '27, Who turned out to be Dorothy
F.P.A. is O.K. Gulliver is perfectly willing to
forgive him the blue shirt and yellow tie. He<
looked around The Daily offices admiringly,
waved his rope in the air, and said, "Boy, this is
all right. You know, when I was a freshman
here, which is all I ever was . . ." A good guy,
smart, funny, sharp as the devil, and with a good
heart. F.P.A. is hereby awarded Gulliver's Seal
* * *
GULLIVER went into Detroit Monday night
to see Maurice Evans in Hamlet. The Cass.
looked like the Lydia Mendelssohn-the Eng-
lish Department was there in toto, and there
It Seems To Me
By Heywood Broun
Walter Lippmann argues, and not
unreasonably, I think, that Stalin has
given up whatever earlier idea he
may have had of destroying Hitler
and is now intent upon converting
him. Or, if I may make a sugges-
tion, he wants Der Fuehrer red and
alive. Certainly a circumstantial case
can be made out for this theory.
Soviet spokesmen treat the Nazi ide-
ology far more tenderly than 12
months ago, while the democracies
and the democratic leaders now bear
the full brunt of Communist con-
tempt. The blame for the world's
tragic state is placed upon the head
of Chamberlain, and already the left
wing has put -a kettle on the fire in
which the reputation of Roosevelt will
presently be scalded. Already the
President is under no necessity of
pointing out the gulf between the
New Deal and the Communist revolu-
Browder is going around the bend,
and he and his followers draw closer
to the camp of the isolationists. The
New Masses hasn't even said a good
word for Thomas Jefferson in more
than a month. As far as domestic
politics go, this may make for classi-
fication, for Roosevelt never was a
radical in any nice sense of the word.
And in a democratic election the
voter should always have the three
choices-left, middle and center. But
in the foreign field there is confu- -
sion, and its definition has made
the strangest set of bedfellows ever
known in American history.
Like 'Daily Worker' Stuff
And some of the publicists who
have been most bitter about fellow-
travelers are now making speeches
which sound very similar to the edi-
torials in the Daily Worker. Even
if it were always fair o judge a
man by the company he keeps it
would be less than just to blame him
for the character of all who come
around to call unbidden. The fact
that German newspapers are quot-
ing General Johnson on the front
page does not make him in the slight-
est way subject to being called a
But I do think that, like Hitler,
he has erred in misinterpreting cer-
tain sound practices in American'
journalism. Totalitarian leaders are
probably not faking but genuinely
confused when they quote a news
story or an -editorial and use that
material for assailing the position of
the American government. Now, the
General is not precisely a newspaper-
man; but as a columnist he should
know better; and when he wrote
about the excitement which was be-1
ing 'kicked up over the case of the
City of Flint a fair rejoinder might
have been, "What excitement?"
To be sure, the capture drew news-
paper headlines, but the General isj
naive in asking why similar space
was not given to British stoppages of1
our vessels, which have been much
more numerous. The answer lies in
the very fact that they have been
more numerous. And for that rea-
son they have less news value.
.* * *
At the moment of writing I am not
aware that the American government
made any official protest about the
capture of the Flint. The diplomatic
problem was the right of Russia, as
a technically neutral country, to
harbor the prize. The State Depart-
ment's sole concern, both in its com-
munications with the Reich and
Russia, seemed to lie in a pardonable
curiosity as to the fate of the crew.
As far as the general public goes,
I think Johnson is wholly mistaken
in speaking about any national fur-
or. I failed to see excited groups'
standing anywhere talking about the
fate of the Flint. It is my belief
that the American public is extreme-
ly solid and united in its opposi-
tion to our participation in the war..
The breast-thumpers are probably
sincere in their belief that it is their'
devotion and articulation alone which
prevents us from following the form-
ula of 1917. I don't agree. I think
there is real danger in the loose
speeches and articles of any who pro-
fess to believe that the President is
about to send American boys to die
in . foreign fields. Such utterances
do tend to put erroneous and harm-,
ful ideas in the heads of other na-
tions in both warring camps.
Trapper Is Found Dead
MANISTIQUE, Nov. 3.-(IP)-The
body of William H. Edwards, 67, who.
was found dead in the woods 'in the
Big Spring district Thursday, was
shipped today to Colon, Mich., fors
burial. Edwards operated a trap line
in the Spring area, and it is believed
he suffered a heart attack while-
tramping through the swamp.
on the edge of your seat all the time
-something like listening to Tosca-
nini run off Beethoven's third, fifth,
seventh and ninth symphonies with-
out a pause.
Gulliver did feel, however, that
aside from his interpretation, Evans
realized Richard Ii much more com-
(Continued from Page 2)
instances the apparatus may be sent
to the University Chemistry store on
consignment and if it is not sold
within a reasonable time, it will be
returned to the' department from
which it was received. The object
of this arrangement is to promote
economy by reducing the amount of
unused apparatus. It is hoped that
departments having such apparatus
will realize theaadvantage to them-
selves and to the University in avail-
ing themselves of this opportunity.
Shirley W. Smith.
To Members of the Faculty, Staff
and Student Body: Attention of
everyone is called to the Lost and
Found department of the Business of-
flice, Room 1, University Hall. -In-
quiry concerning lost articles should
be made. promptly at the above men-
tioned office. Articles found on the
campus and in University buildings
should be turned over immediately.
Those articles not called for within
60 days will be surrendered to the
Shirley W. Smith.
Faculty, School of Education: The
regular monthly luncheon meeting of
the .Faculty will be held on Monday,
Nov. 6, at 12 o'clock noon at the
Michigan Union.. .
School of Education Students, other
than freshmen: Courses dropped af-
ter today will be recorded with the
grade of E except under extraordin-
ary circumstances. No course is con-
sidered officially dropped unless it
has been reported in the office of the
Registrar, Room 4, University Hall.
Student Loans: There will be a
meeting of the Loan Committee in
Room 2, University Hall on Tuesday,
Nov. 7. All applications to be con-
sidered at this meeting must be filed
in Room 2 on or before Monday, Nov.
6, and appointments made for inter-
Choral Union Members: Members
of the Choral Union, whose records
are clear and who call in person, will'
be issued pass tickets for the Kreisler
concert Monday, Nov. 6, between the
hours of 9 and 12 and 1 and 4.uAfter
4- o'clock no tickets will be issued.
Women Students, Swimming Meet:.
Atudents who participated in the,
swimming meet ,on Tuesday, Oct. 31
and who still have locker keys im
their possession are asked to return
them to the Union.
Bowling: The bowling alleys at the
Women's Athletic Building will open
for the season on Monday, Nov. 6.j
Hours: 3:15 to 6:00 and 7:00 to 9:00
Monday through Friday, and 3:00 to
6:00 on Saturday afternoon..
English 127: Make-up for Classroom
Exercise to be held Monday, Nov. 6,.
4 p.m., in Room 2225 A.H.
Choral Union Concert: Fritz Kreis-
ler, violinist, with Carl Lamson, at
the piano, will give a recital in the
Choral Union Series in Hill Auditori-
um Monday evening, Nov. 6, at 8:30:
o'clock. A limited number of seasdn
and single concert tickets are avail-
able at the School of Music office.
Dr. Gould Wickey, General Secre-
tary of the Church Boards of Educa-
tion, will speak in the Rackham Lec-
ture Hall, Sun'day, Nov. 5, 8 p.m., on
the topic, "Living With Others." Dr.
Wickey's address, which is open to the
public, will conclude the Inter-Guild
Conference in which the National
Secretaries of seven Protestant De-
nominations are taking part.
/ Freshman Round Table: "Why
Should a College Student Concern
Himself With Religion?" will be the
topic for a discussion led by Miss
Patty Clare, Assistant Director of the
Student Religious Association, at
Lane 'Fall, tonight at 7:30 p.m.
Assembly and Congress are jointly
holding again this afternoon -a radio
"Open House" from 2 to 5 p.m. in
the League Grillroom for the Illinois
Hillel Foundation: All students
who have reservations for the hay-
ride being sponsored by the Social
Committee are to meet at the Hillel
Foundation_ tonight at 7:30 p.m.
The Outdoor Club will hold a wiener
roast this evening. The group will,
leave Lane Hall at 8:30. All interest-
ed students are welcome.
Graduate Students are invited to
listen to a broadcast of -the Michi-
gan-Illinois football game this after-
informal talk by Prof. Otto Laporte
on, "Ein japanisches Schatzhaus aus
dem achten Jahrhundert."
IRomance Languages Journal Club:
will hold its annual reception in the
Grand Rapids Room of the Michigan
League Wednesday, Nov. 8, at 8:15
Prof. Arthur Hackett has gracious-
ly conseited to participate- in the
proram> He will present a selection
of French songs.
Graduate students in the depart-
ment are cordially invited.
Graduate Outing Club: All gradu-
ate students who enjoy outdoor ac-
vitie are invited to come to:the
Club Room of the Graduating Out-
ing-Club in the Rackham Building at
2:30 prm. Sunday. I"
After .a brief business meeting,
there will be. hiking, bicycling and
games. Supper in the Club Room.
The Lutheran Student -Club will
have as its speaker this Sunday Dr.
Mary Markley, one of our atIonal
Secretaries. Rev. Fred Schotz will
be there also. The fellowship hour
from 5:30 to 6:00 will be followed by
dinner at 6 p.m.
Faculty Women's Club: The Play-
Reading section will meet on Tues-
day afternoon, Nov., 7, at 2:15 'p.m.
in. the Mary B.. Henderson RPomtof
the Michigan League.
Women's Interc llegiate Debate:
Meeting for first Conference Debate,
Tuesday, 7 p.m., Room 3209 Angell
Disciples Guild (Church of Christ)
10:45 , MorningWorship, -Rev.
Fred 'Cow-in, Minister. :
12 noon, Students' Bible Class, H.
L. Pickerill, leader.
6:30 p.m., Dr. George Oliver Taylor
of St. Louis, Mo., National Student
Work Director for the Disciples of
Christ, will address the Guild.
7:30 p.m., Social hour and refresh-
mnets. The Guild will go in a group
to the Rackham Amphitheatre for
the Inter-Guild rally at 8 o'clock.
St. Andrew's Episcopal Church:
Sunday, 8:00 a.m Holy Communion;
11:00 a.m. Holy Communion and Ser-
mon by The Rev. Henry Lewis, and
Junior Church; 11:00 a.m. Kinder-
garten at Harris Hall; 6:00 pm. Stu-
dent meetin, Harris Hall. Buffet
supper. Speaker, The Rev. Charles
Cadigan, Rector of Christ Church
Cranbrook, former Chaplain to Epis-
copal students at Amherst. At 7:45
prm. meeting will adjourn to Rack-
First Church of Christ, Scientist.
Morning service, at 10:30. Subject:
'-Adam and Fallen Man."
Golden Text: "Ephesians 5:14.
Sunday School at 11:45.
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter
Day Saints: Sunday School and Dis-
cussion group 9:30 a.m. Chapel,
First Metl odist Church: Morning
worship at 10:40_o'clock. Dr. C. W.
Brashares will preach on "The Quest
Stalker Hall: 9:45 a.m. Student
Class at Stalker Hall under the lead-
ership of Mr. Lawrence Vredvoogd.
Wesleyan Guild meeting at 6 p.m. at
the Methodist Church. Dr. Heil D.
Bollinger, national secretary of the
Wesley Foundations will speak on
"The World Mission of the Chris-
tion Religion." Fellowship hour and
supper following the meeting.
Trinity Lutheran Church, William
and Fifth Ave. Morning worship,
10:30 a.m. Sermon by Dr. Gould
Unitarian Church: 11 a.m. "Every-
man's Psychiatry" sermon by Rev.
H. P. Marley.
7:30 p.m. Liberal Students' Union
-Prof. Roy Wood Sellars will dis-
cus_ "The Liberal Implications of
the Protestant Revolt."
9 o'clock, Social Hour.
First Congregational Church:
10:45 a.m. Public worship. The
title of Dr. Parr's sermon is "On Be-
6 p.m. The Student Fellowship will
meet at the church for supper,
7 p.m. Prof. J. P. Slusser will -ad-
dress the group on "American Mu-
Zion Lutheran Church: Morning
worship at 10:30 a.m. Sermon by
First Presbyterian Church: 10:45
a.m., "Religious Convictions of Tui-
tion and Intuition" will be the sub-
ject of Dr. W.- P. Lemon's sermon at
the Morning Worship Service.
4:30 p.m., Vesper Service - Holy
Conmunion end reception of new
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
It is indeed a moral crirpe that Kansas chil-
dren, innocent and unknowing, should take that
first expectant step toward Christian education