THE MICHIGAN DAILY
wa fTHE P. 9E orSIN PR p4 SwA~~M~
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NIGHT EDITOR: KARL KESSLER
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
An d The Por..
iOME OF US PAY that extra penny
JOr two which is demanded of us
from the man behind the counter with a great
deal of mental protest. Others complacently de-
. rive a feeling of satisfaction from the payment
of the sales tax, being under the impression that
the tax benefits the poor.
k :Who is contributnig more towards the poor,
Mr. Smith who earns $1,000 a year and pays $18
Q of this for sales tax, or Mr. Van Smythe who
earns a million dollars a year and only pays about
.130 cents on each thousand dollars? This is the
sigficant fact of the sales tax; the less a man
1 earns, the greater proportion of his income is
taken by the tax. Statistics on the subject col-
lected by Business Week report that a laborer
with an income of $1,000 a year spends 60.9 per
cent of it for commodities under which the sales
tax falls. In fact, getting back to Mr. Smith, we
find that the only important article free from a
t sales tax in his expenditures is the rent. At the
opposite extreme, his friend on the other side of
the tracks spends only one per cent of his million
dollars on taxable articles. The rich of course
spend much of their income on wages and serv-
ices, but a tax that penalizes the poor 60.9 times
as much as it does the rich seems to be counter
to all theories of graduated taxatn.
The percentage of income spent upon taxable
articles is only part of the injustice of the sales
tax. Grocers say that the average sale in grocery
stores amounts to 23 cents. This is brought
about by the fact that the poor, especially the
unemployed, must necessarily purchase in small
amounts: ten cents to the baker, 15 cents to the
grocer, 25 cents to the druggist. The sales tax
therefore inevitably falls on the poor many more
'times than it does on the wealthier members of
our society who can purchase in large quantities.
The poor man's wife makes her dollar bill go a
long way by spending it on five separate articles,
and as a result is paying five cents on the dollar
for sales tax. But the better situated housewife,
who can afford to make dollar purchases, pays
only three cents on each dollar. This would seem
to be a case of "soaking the poor to benefit the
What do small business men think of the tax?
With the exception of some merchants who make
,the sales box an auxiliary cash register, the
merchants, by and large, oppose the tax. They
do this because they realize that the tax reduces
purchasing power and also increases their ac-
Efficient as our government may seem to be
in collecting taxes, no one can possibly know
just what amount of the sales tax money collect-
c ed from the public is actually turned over to the
State, since the state is unable to maintain a
large enough staff to check up on every business
establishment. When the small grocer's net
profit on a single sale is often less than one-
half per cent, the assessment of a three per cent
sales tax on the customer puts a strain on the
honesty of the grocer. And when a grocer has
only $50 left for himself, after having paid his
rent, wages and overhead, and has collected $300
for the state, would it not be too much to as-
sume that the state is going to see all of that
Taxing for relief has become a necessary func-
tion of modern government. This taxation should
not, however, place the burden of the support
of the unemployed on the wage and salary earn-
AS THE BOARD in Control of Physi-
cal Education considers the petition
of a varsity fencing team, it should bear in mind
that there stands behind that petition a deter-
mined group of young men with whom rests
the fate of a team that will surely bring credit
to the University.-
These fencers have bided their time in re-
questing a varsity team. They forbore petition-
ing while the University struggled through the
worst depression years. They kept silently JtA
their art-for fencing is an art-and at last,
under the leadership of Scimitar, the national
honorary fencing organization, have found
themselves prepared to revive the fencing team.
Michigan fencers before 1932 always stood at
the top or near the top of Big Ten standingg
They earned the respect of all the teams they
faced-and there is no reason why they should,
Scimitar and the intramural organization
have the men to make a fencing team. Gentle-
men of the Board in Control of Physical Educa-
tion: Why not give it to them?
. ..JBylorty-Q ,
WE HEARD a young man express the idea the
other day that he would just as soon spend
his life here in Ann Arbor, that is, providing he
was able to secure a decent sort of job, one that
would give him a livable security. And his
companion argued with him, pointing out that
he was entirely lacking in ambition and didn't
he want to go out and make a name for himself
in the world and make a lot of money. This
second young man just couldn't understand
anyone wanting to stick around this little town,
where nothing ever happens and where there is
limited opportunity to; become a millionaire.
So then the "ambitionless" young man tried
to explain his stand and it went something like
this: the cultural facilities here are-as good as
any large city, with plays, concerts, lectures, art,
exhibits and so forth; it is a pretty little town,
with an appealing quietness and restfulness;
there is always access to libraries and class-
rooms and many other University functions;
and, it is an ideal place to develop a level per-
spective on life itself, setting-up real values and
a humanitarian outlook.
The other young man, of course, couldn't see
this. Brought up in a society where warped
ideals and values had led him to measure suc-
cess in terms of dollars, and where it was im-
pressed upon him that material wealth far out-
ranked humane values in importance, he could
not understand how any intelligent person could
even think about not leaving Ann Arbor to make
his fortune in the world.
O MR. Q., this overheard conversation sym-
bolizes the fundamental nature of the dilem-
ma in which we find the world today. In every
conceivable aspect, true ideals and precepts,
actually based on a desire to live a happy, peace-
ful, useful life, have been thrown over or forgot-
ten in the mad rush to get rich. And a person,
like the young man crazy enough to want to live
in Ann Arbor, who attempts to re-discover these
lost concepts of goodness, finds himself quite
alone in a sordid world-a world that has for-
gotten that the easiest way of life is to live.
This, Mr. Q. supposes, is very lofty-sounding
and quite philosophic. But to bring it down to
a specific point and one quite familiar, consider
our present-day educational system. In the
first place, secondary schools provide a most in-
adequate preparation for a college program so
that a high school graduate just isn't fit to
really take advantage of university courses. Nor
is he mentally disciplined to the point where
he can exercise any amount of discretion in
learning. In high school, knowledge is held ove
the students' heads as a threat, and the teacher
is nothing more than a policeman. No effort is
made to regard this first step in education as
an important, fundamental process where the
student may well form useful learning habits in-
stead of thinking up ways to skip school.
QO, in this first place, our elementary schools
are inadequate and waste valuable resources.
But, it is when the student gets to the university
that he really runs into trouble. Here he finds
old-fashioned minds, reliving the glories of the
Renaissance period, who are teaching old-
fashioned courses in old-fashioned ways. In
very few cases has an attempt been made to
step up teaching methods to the modern tempo,
and, in very few cases, has the material been tied
in with contemporary problems. It is just as if
a university education was a marvelous thing
per se with no correlation to what has come to
be known as the outside world. So this unpre-
pared student comes to college, is stuck on the
assemblyline for four years, given a shining coat
of varnish and a diploma, which means he is a
graduate and has a license to "go out in the
world" and make barrels of money. And when
he gets through, he has no more idea of what
real knowledge is than when he came; in fact,
he is worse off because he has had so much
uncorrelated material tossed at him he doesn't
know what to accept or reject. And when he
leaves, he finds he has been conditioned to one
major motive in life: make a success of yourself
by becoming rich.
Colleges in America have become, in line with
the hurry-up, efficiency-crazed mode of the
whole people; nothing more than big businesses:
factories. And the emphasis is being placed on,
not how good a student body can be turned out,
but how large. Nowhere is there a true spirit
of learning and applying this learning to humane
By RICHARD BENNETT
S. Prokofie ffs Scores Again
Twenty-one years have gone by since the last
world war, twenty-one years that we now look
upon as no more than a brief respite during
which each belligerent nation has recollected its
forces to carry on once again the imperial holo-
caust. Though we are not fatalists, and though
we know full well that there is nothing 'written
in the books' that says this state of affairs must
necessarily continue now for all time, yet it is
with a feeling of profound sorrow that we wit-
ness this latest Armageddon. The reasons offered
for the present struggle may be one or mani-
fold, but whatever the premise upon which the
explanation is founded the acuteness of the
tragedy is in no way lessened, and the shedding
of a brother's blood is still a source of deepest
Now the consciousness of the disruption of
Western culture is by no means alien to con-
temporary Soviet composers. No artist, whatever
may be his peculiar ideology, can function as a
voice of our times and yet remain insensitive to
the malignity of carnage and waste. The mor-
bidity and pessimism that characterize so much
of American and West European post-war music.
are not found in, or at least are not character-
istic of, the work of the newer loviet com-
posers. There is, to be sure, often an undue
emphasis upon satire, mockery, and atavism, but
there are also a buoyancy, an originality, and
an optimism that are foreign to the great mass
of our own music.
Perhaps Soviet composers have in their blood
the will toward a society which denies the claims
of war. Perhaps they have witnessed an era
of dynamic construction and moral reevaluation
-(in whatever direction you please) which has
confirmed their faith in the vast potentialities
of man. Be that as it may, one thing is certain:
the art and music of the Soviet Union are some-
thing to watch, for they will stand alone or fall
alone. By her present extraordinary foreign
policy the Russian government has placed Soviet
art and music in a critical position before the
judgment of many. Few are willing to suspend
final verdict until the issues involved are clearer
than at present. This is a plea for tolerance
and sanity. 'By their fruits shall ye know them.'
Let us seek to evaluate all things in their proper
sphere and with their own purposes in mind.
In this spirit, then, consider Prokofieff's score
for the recent Russian film Alexander Nevsky.
In comparing this with Alfred Newman's com-
petent, but characteristic, score for the Holly-
wood film, Beau Geste, certain important differ-
ences may be noted.
,Both composers have merged their music with
the motion of camera and acting, but while the
Newman music remains almost entirely atmos-
pheric Prokofieff's becomes an integral part of
the action, as though it were another character
in the drama.-
Both scores are thick with pseudo-leit-motifs.
But whereas the death motif of the Hollywood
film serves the single purpose of binding -the
picture together, the Song of Peace-the main
motif of the Prokofieff film-goes clean beyond
mere technical utility and acts as commentator,
in much the same way as does the Chorus in
Again: while the Newman score is devoid of
musical interest as such, Prokofieff's score can
well stand as an autonomous piece of musical
literature. Newman's music is unprogressive
(despite his great admiration for Arnold Schoen-
berg), disgustingly sentimental at times, invar-
iably dull and vapid: Prokofieff's is thoroughly
modern, amazingly cosmopolitan '(for all its
heavy Russian flavor), robust, and chuck full
of diverse rhythms and new harmonic devices.
All in all, if the two pictures were to stand
or fall by the merit of their musical scores, the
Soviet film would be a milestone in film history,
while Beau Geste would be a second-rate 'filler'
for the By-street theatre. Neither is the case.
WASHINGTON-It will probably
be denied, but within a few days after
the arms embargo is lifted there will
begin a series of the greatest mass
transoceanic flights in aviation his-
Each flight will consist of new,
twin-engined bombing and patrol
planes, made in the United States
and destined for England and France.
Over $100,000,000 worth of planes
are awaiting export to Europe. Sty-
mied in delivery by the embargo, they
have been jamming storage facilities
on the Pacific Coast and near Balti-
more. Confident that Congrees is set
to repeal the embargo, British and
French authorities have been rush-
ing arrangements for getting the
Taking them over "on the wing"
was decided on as the safest way to
avoid heavy losses. A torpedoed ship
would mean the loss of 20 or 30
planes at one time, while the danger
of loss during flight from Newfound-
land-1900 miles across the Atlan-
tic-is estimated at much less-per-
haps a ratio of 1 to 20.
Moreover, the British have a pow-
erful radio guide at Botwood, New-
foundland. With its help and the
great speed of the ships, their pass-
age across the Atlantic will not be
such a hazardous venture.
How many British and French pi-
lots and crews have been assembled
at Botwood is not known, but confi-
dential reports indicate that already
there are several hundred. Botwood
is one of tike greatest land and sea-
plane bases in this hemisphere and
probably was constructed by Britain
with this very purpose in mind.
Five of the largest plane manufac-
turers are making ships for the Al-
lies-Lockheed, Douglas, Curtiss
Martin and North American. The
three have big contracts for twin-mo-
tored bombers, the other two for pur-
suit and attack planes. The latter
could not be flown to Europe, as their
sustained flight range is only a few
Note-Mayor Ellenstein of Newark,
N. J., recently refused permission to
store 60 Lockheed bombers at the
giant Newark airport. Ellenstein
claimed there was 'no moreroom,''
but insiders say he feared sabotage
attempts and didn't wanti to take the
responsibility for guarding the shops.
Ex-Wage-Hour Administrator El-
mer Andrews' interview with Federal
Loans Administrator Jesse Jones,
when he went to see him about get-
ting an RFC job, was a shock to both
When the White House notified
Andrews he was being replaced as
Wage-Hour boss, he was also offered
the choice of several other jobs, one
of them with the RFC. Andrews fi-
nally decided to look the RFC over
and asked for an appointment with
Jones. Jones received him cordially,
but seemed mystified.
"Where have you worked, Mr. An-
drews?" he asked.
"I am with the.Wage-Hour Admin-
"Oh, yes," said Jesse, "and just
what do you do there?"
Note--With not uncommon inef-
ficiency, the White House staff had
forgotten to inform Jones about the
offer of an RFC job to Andrews.
The secret plans of AFL moguls to
retire Secretary-Treasurer Frank
Morrison at the recent convention
were very nearly upset by the white-
thatched veteran himself. The at-
tendant rumpus also gave Harry
Bates, jut-jawed boss of the brick-
layers, a chance to scuttle a scheme
to elect Dick Ornburn, chief of the
union label trades department, as
Last summer the inner clique de-j
cided among themselves to shelve the
80-year-old Morrison, but when The
Washington Merry-Go-Round re-
vealed the plan it was hotly denied
by the AFL publicity agent on orders
from above. This official refutation,
plus Morrison's 40 years of service
in the AFL, convinced him he need
But at the convention he soon
learned better. He was told he would
be retired, but with his full pay of
$10,000 a year. This tempting con-
cession, however, did not appease
But Morrison quickly discovered
that the personal popularity he was
counting on to save him wasn't
pense of children's hearts and
lungs and limbs."
Michigan is such a community. Our
"economy-minded" legislature must
recognize that the appropriations for
the crippled and afflicted children
are criminally deficient and needless-
ly penurious. Restoratioh of the bud-
get cut will permit these unfortunates
to receive adequate medical and hos-
pital treatment and, further, Michi-
(Continued from Page 2)
class will meet on Monday evening
in 3217 A.H.
Botany I Make-up Final Exam for
students who were absent from the
examination in June will be givenj
Monday, October 23, at 7:00 P.M. in
Room 2004 N.S.
Exhibition by Ann Arbor artists,,
under the auspices of the Ann Arbor
Art Association. Alumni Memorial
Hall, open until October 26 on Sun-
day afternoon, 2-5 p.m., Oct. 22.
University Lecture: Dr. Maximo M.
Kalaw, member of the Philippine Na-
tional Assembly, will lecture on1
"American-Phillippine Relations and.
the Present Crisis" in the National
Science Auditorium on Thursday,
Oct. 26, at 4:15 p.m.
Sphinx: There will be a meeting
of Sphinx this evening at 6 o'clock
in the Crofoot Room of the Union.
Scalp and Blade will hold its first
fall smoker at the Michigan Union
today at 5 p.m. All Buffalo men are-
The Michigan Christian Fellowship
will meetat Lane Hall, todayat
4 p.m., one half hour earlier than
usual. Mr. Stacey Woods, General
Secretary of the Inter-Varsity Fel-
lowship will be the speaker.
The Lutheran Student Club will
meet at Zion Parish Hall today
at 5:30 p.m. There will be a fellow-
ship hour from 5:30 until 6 p.m. when
a dinner prepared by the ladies of the
church will be served. Dr. Rockey
from Detroit, who has been very ac-
tive in student work, will address the
American Student Union: The ex-
ecutive committee of the American
Student Union will meet today at
11:00 A.M. in the Michigan Union.
Hillel Foundation: Avukah, stu-
dent Zionist organization, will hold
its monthly social meeting and fire-
side discussion, to be led by Mr. L.. W.
Crohn, Zionist leader of Detroit, to-
ninht at 8:15 p.m.
Physics Colloquium: Dr. James L.
Lawson will speak on "The Deter-
mination of the Energies of Alpha,
Beta, and Gamma Rays," at the
Physics Colloquium on Monday af-
ternoon, Oct. 23, at 4:15 in Room
1041 E. Physics Bldg.
English Journal Club: First meet-
ing of the year. Professor C. D.
Thorpe will talk on, "Some Aspects of
Thomas Hobbes' Aesthetic Theory,"
on Monday evening, Oct. 23, at 8
o'clock in the Men's lounge, Rack-
ham Building. The public is invited
to this opening meeting.
Freshmen and Transfer Engineer-
ing Students: A smoker for freshmen
and transfer engineering students
will be held Wednesday evening, Oc-
tober 25, at 7:30 in the Union ball-
room. Movies will be shown and re-
freshments will be served. Members
of the College of Enginnering facul-
ty are also cordially invited.
Tau Beta Pi: Very important meet-
ing Wednesday, Oct. 25. Dinner will
be served promptly at 5:45 p.m. in
the Michigan Union. Please note
change of date.
Biological Chemistry Seminar: The
seminar in Biological Chemistry will
meet in. Room 319 West Medical
Building, at 7 P.M., Wednesday, Oc-
tober 25. The subject to be discussed
is "Iodine Studies-Blood, Thyroid,
Other Tissues." All interested are in-
vited to attend.
Seminar in Bacteriology will meet
in Room 1564 East Medical Building
Monday, Oct. 23, at 8 p.m. Subject:
German Table for Faculty Members:
The regular luncheon meeting-will be
held Monday at 12:10 p.m. in the
Founders' Room of the Michigan.
Union. All faculty members interest-
ed in speaking German are cordially
invited. There will be a brief in-
formal talk by Mr. James S. Edwards
on "Der Begriff des Meisters bei Ste-
Economics Club: The first meeting
will be held Monday, Oct. 23, at 7:45
p.m. in the Amphitheatre of the
Rackham Building. Prof. C. F. Re-
mer, who has recently returned from
Europe, will speak on the topic, "Re-
search At Geneva." Graduate stu-
dents in Economics and Business Ad-
ministration are cordially invited.
International Center: An Exhibi-
stration program of these early
American dances will be given by
fifty young people from the dancing
classes at Dearborn. Attendance is
strictly limited. Admission is free
but. by ticket only, the tickets to be
secured in advance inthe office of
the Center. Foreign Studentsand
those actively participating in the
activities of the Center must secure
their tickets not later than Thursday,
October 26, at 5 P.M. After that
American students may secure tick-
ets through Miss McCormick at the
Freshman Girls' Glee Club: Re-
hearsal Monday evening at 7:15 in
the Game Room of the League for
all women who have been notified
of their acceptance into the Club.
Rifle Team: First practice' for rifle
team tryouts on Monday, Oct. 23,
3-5 p.m. It Is important that all
old team members be present.
Mathematics Short Course on the
"Theory of Representation" to be
given by Dr. Nesbitt, will have its
first meeting on Tuesday, Oct. 24, at
3 o'clock in Room 3201 A.H. Ar-
rangements of hours for future meet-
ings will be made at this time. The
course will meet three times a week
for five weeks.
Ann Arbor Independents: There
will be an important meeting Tues-
day, at 4:30 in the League. We will
be working on the Ruthven Dinner
Project Monday from 3. to 5 in Room
5 of the League. Come and help if
you have the time.
Math. 370, Seminar in Continued
Fractions. Will meet Tuesday at 4
o'clock in 3201 A. H. Mr. Kazarinoff
will speak on "Geometric and Num-
ber Theoretical Applications of C. F."
Disciples Guild (Church of Christ:
10:45 a.m. Morning worship. Pro-
fessor Bennett Weaver will deliver
the sermon in the absence of the pas-
6:30 p.m., The Students' Guild will
meet at the Guild House, 438 May-
nard Street, instead of the church.
William Muehl of the Anti War Com-
mittee will speak on "Propaganda, A
Major Cause of War."
First Congregational Church, State
and William. Rev. Leonard A. Parr.
10:45 a.m. Public worship. Dr.
Parr will preach on "Prepare for
6 p.m. The Student Fellowship will
meet at the church for supper.
7 p.m. Dr. Charles A. Sink, presi-
dent of the School of Music, will speak
on "Reminiscences of Musical Cele-
First Church of Christ, Scientist,
409 S. Division St.
Sunday service at 10:30 a.m. Sub-
ject, "Probation After Death."
Sunday school at 11:45 a.m.
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter
Day Saints. Sunday school and dis-
cussion group 9:30 a.m. Chapel, Wom-
First Baptist Church, 512 E. Huron.
Rev. C. H. Lpucks, Minister.
10:45, Morning worship. Sermon
topic, "Our Daily Bread."
12 noon, Student Round Table.
Discussion topic, "What Can We Be-
lieve About Ourselves?"
6:15, Roger Williams Guild, Guild
House, 503 E. Huron.
Prof. Bennett Weaver of the De-
partment of English will talk on
"Student Goals." A social hour will
follow the address.
Student Evangelical Chapel: Stu-
dents and friends interested in evan-
gelical Christianity are cordially in-
vited to the Sunday worship services
conducted by Dr. G. Goris in - The
Michigan League Bldg. The topic for
the sermon of the 10:30 a.m. service
will be "Reverence." At the 7:30 p.m.
service Dr. Goris will speak on "A
Challenging Evaluation." This stu-
dent group also sponsors social and
recreational programs every Friday
evening in the Fireside room at Lane
Hall. Anyone interested is welcome.
First Methodist Church: Morning
worship service at 10:40 a.m. Dr.
C. W. -Brashares will preach on
"Church Programs Toward Peace."
Stalker Hall: 9:45 a.m. Class for
students led by Mr. Lawrence Vrede-
voogd. 6 p.m. Bishop Blake will
speak at the Wesleyan Guild Meet-
ing at the church on the topic
"Amnerica and War." I Fellowship
hour and supper following the meet-
Trinity Lutheran Church, Williams
'and Fifth, will hold its worship
services Sunday morning at 10:30.
Rev. H. 0. Yoder will deliver the
The Zion Lutheran Church, Wash-
ington at Fifth, will hold worship
services Sunday morning at 10:30.
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
4 4 4
To the Editor:
For sixty years sick indigent children of
Michigan have received medical services in a
manner unparalleled by any other state. But
this is no longer true. Thousands of crippled and
afflicted children have been let down as a re-
sult of action taken by the legislature in Lan-
sing. The reduced appropriations for service to
the sick indigent children represents a startling
repudiation of a responsibility assumed by our
state in 1881. Michigan no longer leads all other
states in providing adequate medical services and
hospitalization for disabled and paralyzed chil"-
The people of Michigan must insist that this
deplorable situation be changed. There are two
obvious advantages to be gained by restoring
the shockingtand drastic sixty percent reduction
in treatment of sick needy children.
In the first place thousands of crippled and
afflicted children will get the type of care they
urgently need through the most advanced state
system of public medical service. Maraniss, in
his excellent editorial yesterday, pointed out the
second advantage to be gained by gearing our
local health program to the immediate needs of
our people. When the Wagner Health bill be-
comes law next year (if Congress adopts it), the
states will be able to secure federal funds for
the purpose of expanding their health services.
Funds will be given out on a matching basis.
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