THE MICHIGAN DAILY THURSDA
AS OTHERS SEE IT .
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7 Ia r
To the Editor:
May I bring to your attention a matter that
has made me and a number of other people a
little uneasy. The students who eat at the
Wolverine are pretty proud of the place. For it
serves fine meals, at a very low rate, and with
cleanliness and service. We don't think you
can match the Wolverine set-up anywhere on
What makes us uneasy, however, is the fact
that, while the members get their money's
worth, the fellows on the working force have been
forced to work at wage rates lower than those
prevailing last year. Specifically the hour rate
has been reduced to but twenty-eight cents. An
organization believing in and impressively prac-
tising in most spheres a way of cooperation and
fair play ought to take immediate steps to give
the Wolverine workers the same break as we
members so adequately receive.
Fraternity Men Refute Article
To the Editors:
So Michigan men have nothing on the ball!
Well, fraternity men are plenty keyed up by the
H eywood Broun
I am not a technician, but it seems to me that
Colonel Lindbergh talks arrant nonsense when
he endeavors to make a distinction between of-
a M. Swinton
-ton L. Linder
n N. Canavan
. City Editor
. Associate Editor
. Associate Editor
. Women's Editor
. Sports Editor
Business Mgr., Credit Manager
hen's Business Manager
nen's Advertising Manager
. Paul R. Park
Ganson P. Taggart
. Jane Mowers
Harriet S. Levy
NIGHT EDITOR: ROBERT W. BOGLE
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
;And Fascism . .
IN HIS provocative new book on forces
tin American criticism, Bernard
Smith raises an interesting point in regard to
the theories promulgated early in this decade by
the group called the "New Humanists," and ex-
tended today by the Southern agrarians.
After analyzing the literary creed of the two
groups he declares that their principles stem
from a position that regards social responsibility
as the touchstone of value in literary criticism.
With this criterion he has no argument: he in-
sists however, that the nature of that responsi-
bility, as defined by the New Humanist and
Agrarian disciples, is one that not only prevents
them from appreciating modern esthetic effort,
but also places them in the camp of the social
and political reactionaries.
Are the New Humanists and the Agrarians
fascists? Smith gives the benefit of the doubt.
These American professors and writers who
sound so bloodthirsty in print are really mind
men, sincere in their pleas for decorum and self-
control, who would shrink with horror from the
fascist state. Their ventures into sociology, poli-
tics, and their philosophy of science, Smith says,
are the ventures of children.
Now it is undoubtedly true that Messrs. More,
Babbit, Foerster, Davidson, Tate, and all the
little "humanists" and agrarians in American
universities are fine, upstanding men, kind to
animals and gentle to their wives. But if they
are only children, in their ventures into soc-
ogy and politics, they are children playing With
fire. It is not very likely that the boys at
Harvard and Princeton and Chicago and Van-
derbilt will be "turned into Aristotles" by listen-
ing to discourses on the lamentable consequences
of democracy. They are being provided with a
philosophy with which to rationalize their resist-
ance to democratic progress. For the essence of
their creed (More: Aristocracy and ustice, Bab-
bit, Democracy and Leadership, Twelve South-
erners, I'll Take My Stand) is opposition to the
effort to achieve peace, freedom, security and
happiness by organized democratic processes.
Running through all the New Humanist and
Agrarian writings, like a hymn of hate, are bitter
attacks on all humanitarian and democratic doc-
trines: they are against labor unions, popular
education and universal franchise; they believe
education and art should be privileges for the
benefit of the leisure class. They are in fact,
opposed to the Reformation, the Enlightenment
and the Industrial Revolution. They can't un-
derstand how such things came about and they
intend to remedy them.
In short they are opposed to life and living.
They are the apostles of feudalistic aristocracy,
of classicism, of privilege. In the twentieth cen-
tury a pre-occupation. for such principles can
have only one practical result; If one is inter-
ested in abolishing humanitarianism, or re-
straining science from interfering with ethics, or
curbing labor unions and pacificts, there is only
one modern process capable of doing so; and
that process is called fascism.
Patronage Wins A Round
The bill which woud insure a saving of $362,000
a year in the maintenance and janitorial depart-
It is true that I
fensive and defensive arma-
ment. I am a respectable
suburban householder, let ill
say, and in the drawer of my
desk I have a loaded .45 to
repel marauders. That is a
defensive weapon, and yet a
burglar with the same gun
could be singularly offensive
if he blew my head off or
held up a filling station.
am talking academically, be-
cause I haven't actually got a .45 or any other
gun. I don't know how to shoot them, and I
am not particularly anxious to have firearms
There is an air pistol in some remote drawer,
the property of my son, but it is my impression
that it wouldn't hurt anybody very much, even
though the slugs were in it. Just the same, it
gives me a kind of confidence, because in fan-
tasy I have seen myself saying, "Put 'em up or
I'll plug you full of holes!"
* * *
Possessor's Peronality Count
It must be a good trick if anybody can drive
off desperate men with nothing more than a
prop. And yet the thing has happened. I seem
to remember a girl bandit who held up a lot of
your neighborhood drug stores with nothing but
a cap pistol.
That brings me back to Colonel Lindbergh. It
is not so much the character of the weapon as the
personality of the possessor. When one is asking
about a piece of defensive or offensive arma-
ment he must cross-question the man who owns
one. I cannot see how the distinction can reason-
ably be made in any sort of coherent legislation.
The rifle could be the arm of the settler defend-
ing his family and friends from the hostile inva-
sion of Indian raiders.
It could also be the Krag with which an in-
perialist force purposed to civilize the little brown
brother of the Philippines. The hand grenade
may enable you to keep the aggressor out of your
own trench, but it could also be a very potent
aid if you wished to capture his position and
move more deeply across the fortifications of the
As I remember, Colonel Lindbergh mentioned
anti-aircraft guns as a specific sort of defensive
weapon. But even that will not stand up. The
aggressor who moved deeply into the territory of
the opponent would take those same guns along
to prevent the resurgence of his opponent.
And although Charles A. Lindbergh knows far
far more about the airplane than I have any
chance of ever comprehending, I still assume
that under pressure even the machine designed
for commercial purposes could be pressed into
offensive effort. I would think that practically
any plane at all might potentially carry a photog-
rapher, and the pictures he brought back could
be for the purpose of a planned defense or a
mighty aggressive attack.
* * *
Answers Lies In Men
Coast artillery, perhaps, could be cited as
something obviously designed for home defense
without any thought of pushing boundaries back-
ward. And yet, even the biggest gun could be
loaded on flat cars and carried forward to blast
a foreign wall in favor of attack. It does not
seem to me that the problem can be left wholly
in the hands of technicians, however expert. The
answer must lie in men and not in material.
There are persons so intent upon spreading
their sphere of influence that nothing metallic is
safe in their hands. If anybody gave me a nail
file for my birthday I think it would be a sort
of reminder, too pointed perhaps, that I should
get the Connecticut loam out of my fingers. But
there are places where the self-same instrument
article in yesterday's Daily by one Paul Chandler,
who allegedly obtained some inside dope from
the Alpha Phi girls and proceeded to publish
an indictment against Michigan men in gen-
First and foremost, several boys here in our
house insisted that they had seen a good-looking
'girl on camfpus last weekend. However, after
sbme questioning, it turned out that she was a
sophomore from Smith here for a visit. So
Michigan still has the goon honors for women.
As far as Michigan men lacking originality,
the boys pointed out that every local Sorority
Sue copies apparel of the eastern coeds. The
boys wish to make it clear, before Michigan
coeds get too much of a big head, that their
apparent popularity is by no means due to their
attractiveness or wit, but merely because there
are three men to every girl here on campus. You
have to go out with someone.
The consensus seems to be that a Michigan
coed couldn't get to first base in her home town,
and that stacked up against practically any
eastern girls' school you might name, local beau-
ty wouldn't even get honorable mention.
Moreover, the Alpha Phi must be slipping, if
they never get invited, to any place but the Bell,
the Union, or the Arboretum. Any freshman
pledge knows darn well that there are scads of
other places to go. Some of the boys even spend
the evening at a sorority house, but maybe
they can't stand it at the Alpha Phi house.
City and county officeholders in Memphis,
Tennessee, it is reported by the United Press,
have been signing petitions nominating.......
This, according to the same officeholders is
an old political custom in the stronghold of the
Edward H. Crump machine, and although they
do not know who . . . . . will be, they are con-
fident that he will be a good man, because he
will have the endorsement of the organization,
and may even be Mr. Crump himself.
At any rate, with such ready-made support it
should not be difficult to get some candidate to
sign on the . . . . .
Only one possible improvement comes. to
mind. Ought not the machine to furnish the
officeholders with rubber stamps with which to
--Christian Science Monitor
'By Young Gulliver
GULLIVER went into Detroit Monday night
with Drama Critic Jim Green to see Whitford
Kane in White Steed. On Tuesday Mr. Windt
brought Kane into Ann Arbor to talk to the
Play Production classes, and Y.G. had the pleas-
ure of chatting with Kane for about an hour.
We (Gulliver and Green) seated ourselves
gingerly on Mr. Windt's sofa and told Kane
that we wanted to talk to him, but we didn't
know what to say. "Look," said Gulliver, "we
could ask you a lot of silly questions about plays
and acting and the thittah but there's not much
point to that."
That was all Mr. Kane wanted to know; and
he proceeded to regale us with anecdotes about
Ann Arbor, New York, and Whitford Kane. He
is a little man in his late sixties, pudgy and very
undistinguished looking. But once he begins to
talk, you know that you are in the company of
a very unusual man. For this reason: Whitford
Kane is a simple man. It is the simplicity of
an unspoiled, eternally young man.
AFTER you have met a certain number of
people whose names are in the headlines, the
idea gradually begins to sink in that prominent
people are pretty much like everybody else, and
after a while (ask any metropolitan newspaper-
man) you actually get to the point where meet-
ing big shots becomes a bore.
Maybe that's why Gulliver was so impressed
by Whitford Kane. When he says he likes Ann
Arbor, he means it. He isn't just being'nice. All
the kids in Play Production here who have met
Whitford and who go to New York will usually
be found there hanging around his house. And
he doesn't do that to be nice either. He is really
and truly excited about what young people are
He thinks that the dramatic instruction here
is the best of any university in the country, and
that goes for the productions too. He thinks
Play Production ought to have a Lab Theatre of
He thinks Eddie Jurist is a swell actor, and
that he'll make the grade. The same goes for
Art Miller, who incidentally has a play on the
He is enjoying himself in White Steed, especial-
ly since he was fired from the New York cast
and rejoined the company in Ann Arbor ("be
sure you print that," he said). But just the
same, he's getting lonesome for his grave. Whit-
ford has played the gravedigger for twenty-seven
different Hamlets, and he'd kind of like to be
back at it.
"You know," he said, "I'm like the old lady in
the poorhouse outside of Dublin-she said she
could just smell a body dying anyplace in Dublin.
And sure enough, every time she called it some-
body died. Well, she couldn't sit still and she
WASHINGTON-The sudden dis-
aster which has befallen the British
Navy, one-time proud ruler of thef
seven seas, has had certain reverber-
ations in the U.S. Navy.
The drastic shake-up in the engi-
neering bureaus of the Navy Depart-
ment followed quite a little soul-
searching as to whether some of the
new U.S. naval vessels are worth all
the millions lavished upon them.
The old clique which has domin-
ated the Bureau of Engineering and
the Bureau of Construction and Re-
pair has finally been swept out. How-
ever, it took Roosevelt himself to
move them. For months, others in
the Navy had been worried over U.S.
warship design and urging the White
House to act.
Finally, realization that the British
Navy was by no means invincible and
that the Germans had concocted some
new torpedoes which could even sink
battleships, helped to produce action.
It has long been no secret that
there were serious defects in the
new U.S. 10,000-ton cruisers of the
Indianapolis class. Five of them suf-
fered a cracked sternpost, which is
one of the most important parts of
any vessel, for on it hangs the rud-
der. These posts had to be replaced
at a cost of $30,000 each.
This type of cruiser also suffered
from rolling, but when rolling tanks
were placed in their holds, with bilge
keels along their bottoms, they rolled
just as badly.
Then it was found that the very
latest type of cruiser shimmied. And
so far the naval experts have not been
able to eliminate the shimmy.
On top of all this the crack new
destroyers of the American class
were built with too much weight
above the waterline, so that they
are inclined to be top-heavy. This
was discovered only recently and it
was too much for Roosevelt. He fin-
ally decided to clean house.
New executive in charge of the
vital Bureau of Construction and Re-
pair is Rear Admiral Alexander H.
Van Keuren, who served as expert at
the London Naval Conference of 1930
when the Admirals staged a knock-
down drag-out fight over limiting
It was the theory of Secretary of
State Stimson that cruisers should be
built more slowly, giving time to test
them out and ascertain defects. Ad-
miral Hilary Jones disagreed with this
so vigorouslythat he withdrew from
the delegation. Some Navy men
agreed with Stimson, however, one of
them being Admiral Van Keuren, the
new chief of construction.
More than 1,000,000 copies of the
speech of Bishop Bernard Sheil en-
dorsing the neutrality bill and de-
nouncing Father Coughlin have been
sent out by members of Congress .. .
Senator Hiram Johnson has been
selected by te isolationisist to make
the concluding speech for their side
. . Export-Import Bank will grant
no credits to Mexico until the oil
expropriation controversy is cleared
up. Bolivia is blacklisted for the
same reason, though less stringently
. . . Arms Control Office in State
Department has been working so hard
enforcing the embargo that they put
in 813 hours of overtime in Septem-
Fish For - -
It's not supposed to leak out, but
Congressman Ham Fish was all set
to have himself launched as Repub-
lican presidential candidate last
week, and the launching was to have
occurred in Dutchess County, New
York, the home of F. D. Roosevelt.
The boom had been prepared with
elaborate care. Ham Fish is the
President's vigorous critic, but also
his own Congressman. And it was
purposely arranged that the boom
begin in Poughkeepsie, N.Y., just a
few miles from Hyde Park. It was
even to be held in the Nelson Hotel,
which is used as the White House
Theoccasion was a dinner staged:
by Dutchess County Republicans. In
advance of the dinner, Representative
Fish called in newspapermen and
gave them an advance copy of a
resolution which the meeting was
going to adopt demanding that Ham
run for President.
But the unforeseen happened. The
chairman of the Dutchess Republi-
cans spiked the resolution. He is
Frederic H. Bontecou, handsome hus-
band of Cornelia Metcalf, daughter
of the wealthy former Senator from
Rhode Island. Also Bontecou was
the running-mate of Tom Dewey last
year, and he flatly refused to let
Ham Fish resolution be introduced..
place on two continents, and I'm not
really hz nnv unless I'm diaine the
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
(Continued from Page 2.)
Charlu Boyd, William Breach, Ralph
J. Brookner, Roy Buehler, Mae Bur-;
ton, Jean Buhler, Bud Carpenter,
Anna J. Carvec, N.R.L. Cleeton, Mary
Crapo, Marie Christensen, W. W.
Schieffelin Claytor, Hammon Dal-
ton, Mary A. Delney, Dorothy Fried-
man, Mrs. C. Gallon, Edward M.
Glazek, Dr. G. Gorris, Mary Elliot
Haferkamp, Francis Hamilton;
Dorothy Hollman Mary Honecker,
Mrs. E. E. Johnson, Julia Florence
Jolliff, Raydelle Josephson, Arthur
Lieberman, Sam Livingston, Isdor
Lubin, Ellen Macdonald, Howard Mc-
Lain, Ligia Marchand, Janet A. Mer-
-er, Jean L. Misner, Myron Mittle-
:nan, F. M. Modder, Kitty M. Morse,
Harvey Moss, Maxine C. Nelson, I. G.
Newfield, Teddy Nobbs, Walter Noon;
Paul H. Oppman, Frank Perago,
Jesse E. Phillips, Robert R. Rabalais,
George Kevin Ray, Harvey Roten-
streich, William Sanders, Marcella
A. Schneider, Ralph Schwartzkopf,
7. Smiley, Harriet Smith, Gerrit J.
Shipper, Dorothy Snyder, Laura
3tark, Paul Stoakes, Clevy. Strout,
Zepporah Taylor, B. Thede, Charles
3. Wang, Dr. Dorothy Wa'd, Alberta
Wood, Dr. Myer Zeitelbaum.
English 102 and 143 make-up ex-
aminations for last semester will be
held in Room 3231 A.H. today, 7-10
German Make-Up Examinations:
'he make-up examinations for Ger-
nan 1, 2 and 31 will be given on
3aturday, Oct. 21, from 9 to 12 a.m.
n Room 306 U.H.
No student will be allowed to take
his examination unless he presents
i written permit from his instructor
at the time of the examination.
Ch. E. 29, Section 1, will meet Fri-
day, Oct. 20, at 1 p.m.
E. S. Pettyjohn.
American Chemical Society. Dr. G.
2. F. Lundell, Chief of the Chemistry
Division, U.S. Bureau of Standards,
vill lecture on "Chemical Analysis,
ts Services to Science and Industry,
.ts Problems, and its Role in the Fu-
sure" at 4:15 p.m. this afternoon
.n Room 303, Chemistry Building.
the lecture is open to the public.
Choral Union Ushers: Will the fol-
lowing men please report at Hill Au-
ditorium today from 4:30 to 5:30 for
second balcony assignments:
Lee J. Anderson, Chas. Ballentine,
J. Fred Bareis, Bruce Battey, Robert
Benford,BRobert Brackstone, Henry
Brown, Summer Cotton. James R.
Davidson, Douglas Dehn, Bernard
Dobber, James R. Edwards, Herman
E. Erke, James Follette, Leonard Fox,
J. R. Goodwin, Murray Gottleib;-
Robert A. Gregg, Charles A. Hall,
Robert F. Hay, Howard A. Ideson,
James F. Jackson, Jens A. Jensen,
Clayton H. Manry, Kenneth T. Mar-
shall, Kenneth P. Mathews, Robert
McFarland, Frederick N. McOmber,
Maurice B. Miller, Woodrow L. Most,
Harry E. Motley, Roy S. Neff, Jr.;
Karl E. Olson, William F. Osborn,
Seymour S. Pardell, Wm. D. Pen-
hale, Harold Perkel, John Roe, Robert
H. Porter, Donald W. Ramsdell, Rob-
ert Ready, Frank A. Rideout, John
M. Reeves, A. J. Sargent, Rufus C.
Snook, Cornelius Skutt, Foss Bell
Terry, Charles Townsend, Richard T.
Waterman, H. F. Weidman, K. Je-
i ome Wilkinson, Thomas B. Younge,
T. M. Zurhorst.
Quarterdeck Society: A meeting will
be held today in Room 336, West En-
gineering Bldg., at 7:30 p.m. All
students in the Department'ofiNaval
Architecture are cordially invited to
attend and hear a paper read on
The Beta Chapter of Iota Alpha
will hold its first meeting for the new
school year this evening at 7:30 p.m.
in the West Conference Room on the
third floor of the Rackham Building.
Prof. N. L. Willey will be the speak-
er of the evening whose address will
be based on "Early Norse Discoveries
Every member of the Beta Chap-
ter who is on campus this year is
urged to attend. An interesting eve-
ning is promised.
Institute of the Aeronautical Sci-
ences: There will be a meeting of the
Student Branch of the Institute of
the Aeronautical Sciences tonight at
7:30 p.m., in the Amphitheatre of the
A sound motion picture "The Amer-
ican Way" will be shown. Mr. Frank
M. Burg of American Airlines, Inc.,
will be present to introduce the film
and to answer any questions. The
public is invited. Owing to the lim-
ited number of seats, admission
passes are required. These may be
obtained, free of charge, in Room
B-.47 East Fnrinpeerine ldg.
are cordially invited to attend the
first of the Coffee Hours to be spon-
sored by the Michigan Wolverine
Student Cooperative, Inc. in its build-
ing opposite Lane Hall today from 3
to 4:30 p.m. The Coffee Hour will
be directed on an informal, open
forum basis by Professor Mueschke
(English) and Mr. Horner (Econon-
ics). This is an excellent oppor-
tunity for men and women students
to become better acquainted as well
as discuss academic, political, and
economic, problems, etc. with their
Phi Tau Alpha will have a meeting
today at 4:15 p.m. in Room 308, Gen-
eral Library. Officers will be elected
and tentative plans for the year dis-
cussed. All members are urged to
The League House Presidents will
have a very important meeting this
afternoon at 5 o'clock in the League.
If unable to attend, please send a
The Theatre Arts Committee will
have a meeting meting at 5 .m
today in the League. A skit from this
week's presentation, "The Tinder
Box," will be presented, and all com-
mittee heads will give their reports,
Rover Crew will meet in the Union
at 8 o'clock tonight.
The Observatory Journal Club will
meet at 4:15 p.m. this afternoon in
the Observatory lecture room.
Dr. Dean B. McLaughlin will
speak on "Mars at the Opposition of
1939.'' Tea will be served at 4 p.m.
Hillel Tryouts for one-act plays to
be presented by the Hillel Players-are
being held at the Foundation Thurs-
day and Friday afternoon from 3 to
Hillel Players' Meeting: The first
meeting of the Hillel Players is to be
held tonight at 7:30 p m. at the Foun-
dation. All Hillel members interested
in any field of dramatics are welcome.
Modern Dance Club: The Modern
Dance Club will hold its regular meet-
ing this evening at 7:15 in Barbour
Women's Archery Club: There will
be a meeting of the Women's Arch-
ery Club this afternoon at 4:15 on
Palmer Field. All members and
those:interested in this sport are
urged to attend.
Women's Fencing Club: The Wom
en's Fencing Club meets every Thurs-
day at 7:30 in the fencing room at
Barbour Gymnasium. Equipment is
avaable for a small rental fee. ° If
you are out of practice, take ad-
vantage of- this review period to get
back in form before the official com-
petitive season opens.
1. Trip to Greenfield Village: For-
eign students and their friends , are
reminded that, if you wish to join the
company going to Greenfield Village
next Saturday from 1 to 5 p.m., they
must make their reservations in the
off ice of° the Center today before 5
o'clock. Transportation is by special
bus; the cost of the trip is $1.
2. Chess Class: A chess class is to
be organized at the Center this eve-
ning, at 8 o'clock immediately fol-
lowing the Speech Clinic. This is an
unusual opportunity to learn chess
or to improve one's game by instruc-
tion from an expert player. The class
is offered by Mr. Ivor Schilansky of
Johannesburg, South Africa.
Scavanger Hunt: All women on
' campus are invited to the Scavanger
Hunt (to be held rain or shine) at
the Women's Athletic Building on
Friday, Oct. 20, from 3 to 4:30 p.m.
This is sponsored by the Outdoor
Sports Club. Refreshments after-
wards, five cents. Please sign up at.
Barbour Gymnasium or Women's
Athletic Building, or call Jane Brich-
Graduate students are invited to
listen to a radio broadcast of the
Michigan-Chicago football game on
Saturday in the Men's Lounge of the
Graduate Outing Club will leave
the northwest entrance of the Rack-
ham Building at 230 p.m. Saturday
for its annual outing at Camp Ta-
coma on Clear Lake. Reservations
must be made. Call 5572 between 8
and 10 p.m. Thursday or Friday.
Swarthmore Club: Organization
meeting of Swarthmore Club will be
held on Friday, Oct. 20, in the Michi-
gan League at 7:30 p.m.
Chapel Service Club: All men mem-
bers of St. Mary's Chapel who are in-
terested in acting as ushers, servers
or choir members are asked to attend
a smoker in the Auditorium of the
Chapel on Saturday afternoon, Oct.