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October 19, 1939 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1939-10-19

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Fair today and tomorrow; no
decided change in temperature.




New Humanists
And Fascism . . .

VOL. L. No. 22




u m

American Aid
Pledged Allies
By Roosevelt,
iolt Charges
Promised U.S. Assistance
Before Start Of Conflict
Says Senator In Speech
Proposes Army Duty
For Congressmen
WASHINGTON, Oct. 18.-(P)-In
an all-day speech, brimming with
elaborate sarcasm and imitations of
President Roosevelt's oratorical man-
nerisms, Senator Holt (Dem., W.Va.)
accused the President today of hav-
ing pledged American assistance to
Great Britain and France before their
war with Germany began.
He spoke in opposition to repealing
the arms embargo. In addition to
reciting all the arguments against
such action with which the Senate
has become more than familiar, he
called for an amendment to the draft
law which would make members of
Congress subject to military duty in
case, as he predicted, repeal should
lead to war.
Change Introduced
While his voice reverberated
through the Senate chamber, a group
of administration senators reached
substantial agreement on their sec-
ond important change in the terms
of the pending Neutrality Bill.
As introduced the bill would forbid
American ships to enter the ports of
belligerents, their possessions or de-
pendencies The group decided there
would be no danger to American
ships or seamen if they carried car-
goes to belligerent ports in the Pa-
cific, the Indian ocean, the China
sea, the Bay of Bengal, the Arabian
sea, and the South Atlantic so long
as the cargoes did not include arms,
ammunition or implements of war.
They then left it to Chairman
Pittman (Dem., Nev.) of the Foreign
Relations 'Committee to draft an
amendment carrying out their ~w
It was Pittman who offered on Mon-
day an amendment eliminating the
bill's provision permitting 90-day
credits to belligerent nations on pur-
chases made in this country.
The group of Democratic senators
was reported to have agreed today
upon a further tightening of the fi-
nancial restrictions of the bill. It was
understood that an amendment by
Senatdr George -(Dem., Ga.) was ac-
cepted which would forbid any ex-
tension of credit on arms bought in
the United States by private firms or
individuals within the belligerent
Imitates Roosevelt
In the Senate, Hot asserted that
the Roosevelt administration "never
had been neutral, never will be and
never intended to be." Imitating the'
Roosevelt inflection, he said the
President announced in 1936 that
he hated war, in 1937 that aggressors
must be quarantined, and last Jan-
uary that they must be stopped by
"methods short of war." American
foreign policy has been' patterned to
suit British needs, he added, and early
this year British statesmen were
saying openly that in case of war the
United States would help England.
"They knew," he said, "but the Sen-
ate of the United States did not
America was rife with British
propaganda, he said asserting that
future historians might find that the
recent American visit of King George
and Queen Elizabeth, "Was not just
to look at the grandeurs of the Ameri-

can continent."
Student Flyers Hold
First Practice Meet
The Michigan Flying Club held its
first practice meet of the season Sun-
day afternoon at the Ann Arbor Air-
Approximately 20 members partici-
pated'in the various events. Hans
Weichsel, '42E, Ft:ed Maxam, '40E,
and Ed Martin, '41E, placed in the
bull's eye division. Louis Goldman,
'40E, Leslie Trigg, 141E, and Wen-
dell Young, '41E, won the spot land-
In the bomb dropping contest Alan
Bott, '42E, Hans Weichsel, '42E, and
Ed Mancourt, '41, were the winners.
As high point man Weichsel was
awarded a trophy.

Female Disrespect Of Tradition
To End, Says Union Guardian

-Daily Photo by Bogle
George Johnson, venerable guardian of the front door of the Union is
shown defending those sacrosant portals against the influx of campus
women. The armament, he feels, has become necessary.

Coeds' Use Of Inviolable c
Front Door Is Flagrant,
States George Johnson<
"If these women don't stop trying1
to ruin our good name and wreck one
of the oldest traditions on the Michi-f
gan campus, I'm going to do some-t
thing about it." So spoke Georget
Johnson, guardian of the Union frontc
door concerning, the prevalence off
women's illegal use of the building's
front portals. George at the time,r
was grimly grasping something close-
ly resembling a squirrel rifle.t
Relaxed for a time last spring fort
the construction of campus bombC
proofs, otherwise known as heating
tunnels, the hitherto rigid traditionr
constraining women to the side door
of the Union has usually been closely
adhered to. In fact, the ruling hasl
been, and still is, one of the official
house rules. Stanley G. Walz, gen-
eral manager of the Union announced
that a rigorous enforcement of this
rule, not only as a rule, but as a tra-
dition would be carried on hence-
Most notable infraction of the tra-
ditional ruling, according to Charles
Heinen, '41E, a member of the Union
executive council, is on nights of
weekend dances. "It's disgusting," was
his comment. The nice new sidewalk
around to the side entrance seems
to have proved no enticement, he said.
Questioned as a typical Michigan
woman on the subject, Jeanne Kauf-
mann, '41, said, "I think traditions
like that are silly. Why shouldn'ti
Research Club
Holds Election
Sunderland Heads Faculty?
Group For New Term I
The Faculty Research Club held its
annual election of officers at the first
meeting of the current year yesterday.
The new officers are Prof. E. R.
Sunderland of the law school, presi-
dent; vice-president, Prof. J. R. Hay-
den of the political science depart-
ment; secretary, Prof. W. E. Blake
and treasurer, Prof. S. D. Dodge. The
Council, which holds office for three
years, is composed of Prof. I. L.
Sharfman, Prof. P. C. Angell and
Prof. D. V. Baxter.
To head the Club is considered a
great honor among its faculty mem-
bers. The retiring president is Prof.
I. L. Sharfman, economics. Other
recent' presidents were: Prof. H. H.
Bartlett, Botany; Prof. W. H. Worrell,
Semitics;Band Prof. H. D. Curtiis,
The guest speaker was Prof. C. F.
Remer of the economics department.
'The Professor spoke on "Internation-
al Research in a Year of Tension."
He gave his impressions of the diffi-
culties of carrying on research at
the League of Nations at Geneva dur-
ing the last year.
ASU Peace Group
Reports Resolutions
The Peace Commission of the
American Student Union resolved
recently that the emphasis in their
peace program should be placed on

campus women be allowed the use
of the front doors?"
The custom, according to Frank
Oakes, Union social chairman, or-
iginated back in the first days of the
Union. At that time, the Michigan
campus was strongly masculine in
al of its aspects, even. despite the
fact :that the University was one of
the first coeducational schools in
the country. The Union, the first
of its kind represented this pro male
feeling to the extent that women
were allowed only in a special dining
room and on the dance floor.
The only remaining vestiges of
these once powerful customs are the
tradition about the ventral entrance
of the Union and the still inviolable
+tap room, sanctum sanctorum for
men only. And now the women are
carrying on their own little anschluss
about the doors. It's a little thing,
but important. The Union Council is
greatly perturbed.
Cast Of 1,328
Will Take Part
In Ruthven Fete
2,600 Expected To Attend
Anniversary Banquet
In Field House Oct. 27
At least 1,328 students and towns-
people will participate in the Ruth-'
ven Anniversary Dinner pageant Oct.-
27 in Yost Field House, it was an-,
nounced last night by Prof. Robert
Hall of the geography department, a
member of the program committee.
According to tentative outlines sub-
mitted by participating groups, at
least -70 campus and town organiza-
tions will present features in the
pageant, Professor Hall said. The
pageant, more than a mile in length,
Student and faculty tickets for
the Ruthven Anniversary Din-
ner are still available, Earl H.
Cress, '20, of Ann Arbor, chair-
man of the ticket committee,
announced yesterday.
While more than 1,700 tickets
have already been sold, students
.may still buy a limited number
of tickets at the Union student
offices, the League undergraduate
office, the Interfraternity Coun-
cil or the Panhellenic Associa-
tion. Faculty tickets can be se-
cured only through Prof. Laylin
K. James of the Law School.

Lauds British
War Success.
English Losses Minimized
In Latest Battle Review
Given By Prime Minister
Nazi Planes Scout
Scapa Flow Base
LONDON, Oct. 18.-(P)-Britain
asserted tonight that her home anti-
aircraft guns had achieved "resound-
ing success" in their first tests against
raiding German warplanes.
With pride and gratification in his
voice, Prime Minister Chamberlain
told the House of Commons that "we
have at least the satisfaction of
knowing that we have made a good
beginning" in the war against Ger-
German planes, apparently on a
scouting mission, approached Brit-
ain's Scapa Flow naval base again
today, but did not drop any bombs,
the Air Ministry announced.
Nazis Raid Orkney
Two raids were carried out yester-
day by Nazi planes over the Orkney
Islands, site of the Scapa Flow base
where the battleship Royal Oak was
sunk by a submarine Saturday.
The Admiralty announced in re-
vised figures that 810 officers and
men had been lost with the Royal
Chamberlain outlined these points
in his seventh weekly review of the
1. "We know that in the air battles
which during the last two days have
for the first time been fought over
our coasts we have destroyed eight
enemy aircraft without losing a single
machine of our own."
2. That despite German "propa-
ganda," the "vast bulk of comment
of nearly all shades of political color
in neutral countries has shown ap-
preciation of the attitude of the allied
British Take Over
3. That "the British expeditionary
force has now finally taken over their
allotted sector of the French lines."
4. That British shipping lost to sub-
marine attacks during the week end-
ing Oct. 17 represented "only about
one half of one per cent of the total
number of sailings."
Chamberlain asserted the German
Government had not answered issues
he raised last week in refusing a peace
with Adolf Hitler that recognized
Nazi "conquests," and he continued
"there is therefore nothing that I can
add to my statements last week."
(Unless otherwise stated all foreign
dispatches are subject to censorship.)
Bill Watson Pictured
In 'Pic' Photo Feature
Michigan's Bill Watson is rated as
the most promising decathalon pros-
pect of all time in a full page picture
story called "One Man Track Team"
in the current issue of PIC magazine,
now on sale.
Watson is shown in action, and his
feats are shown to overshadow those
of Glenn Morris, present holder of
the world decathalon mark. The
story was done for PIC by David
Zeitlin, '40, who previously had done
stories on Michigan's swimmers for
LIFE and LOOK magazines.

Roosevelt Invokes Decre
Denying Belligerent Sub
Entrance To U.S. Water

Second 73eief'
Lecture Given
By Rev. Marley
Stating a belief in man as the be-
ginning and end of all belief, the Rev.
Mr. H. P. Marley, of the Unitarian
church, gave the second in the series
of "I Believe" lectures yesterday in
the Rackham Amphitheatre.
Reverend Marley included in the
statement of the religious principles
of his life, a belief in the sciences
which make human beings more in-
telligent in their asthetic beliefs. He
warned against the type of science
which develops a "see all believe
nothing" philosophy.
"Religion, which is to me an in-
strument of the spiritual nature of
man," he said, "is grounded deeply
in the aesthetic and social sides of.
every person." The church, he con-
tinued, has great religious potentiali-
ties, but has "encrusted religion with
Socialism, he concluded, is one of
the cures for much of the evil in the
world, and must be looked to ai a
means of putting my beliefs into ac-
Storm Battered
American Ship
Nears Harbor
Former Belgian Premier,
Among Those Injured;
Many Refugees Aboard
NXW YORK, Oct. 18. -(P)- The
American Liner President Harding,
savagely kicked about by a storm that
injured 45 passengers and 28 mem-
bers of the crew and presumably
swept a cabin waiter overboard,
struggled homeward tonight through
seas that still were running heavily
against her.
Her starboard rail was washed
away, as were a lifeboat and davit.
Her public rooms became emergency
hospitals, for she was carrying 579
passengers, 140 more than normal
capacity, in flight from the war in
Paul Van Zeeland, former Belgian
premier, was one of those hurt. In a
list of 40 of those injured-of whom
more than half were women-wire-
lessed to the U.S. lines tonight it was
said Van Zeeland had suffered facial
abrasions and multiple contusions.
No accounting for the other five was
made; the line said it presumed their
injuries were so minor as not to re-
quire a report.
Aboard the President Harding wer
330 Americans and 36 survivors of
the British freighter Heronspool who
were picked up from the sea after
their ship went down 300 miles off
the Irish coast six days ago with a
torpedo in her side.

President Declares Undersea Craft Ba
Is Essential For Maintaining Peace
And Protecting American Lives
WASHINGTON, Oct. 18.-(P)-President Roosevelt decreed today I
submarines of belligerent nations could not enter American ports or te
torial waters, except when forced to do so by storms or other "acts of Go
The ban included both commercial and naval undersea craft.
The President's order was in the form of a proclamation putting i
effect section 8 of the Neutrality Act. This relates to the use of Ameri
ports and waters by submarines and armed merchant vessels of belliigere
Only submarines were affected by the proclamation, and armed merch
vessels may still enter American ports and waters.
The President said he found that a ban on submarines would "serve
maintain peace between the United States and foreign states, to protect
citizens, and to promote the security of the United States."
He said submarines driven into American ports or waters by "fa
majeure" should enter and leave "while running on the surface with c
Stouer and superstructure above we

Law Nominees
Must Register'
In UnionToday
Senior Election To Be Held
Tomorrow In Hutchins
Hall; Petitions Due At 5
Petitions for senior law class elec-
tions are due by 5 p.m. tonight ac-
cording to Carl Wheeler, '40E, chair-
man of the newly constituted Men's
Judiciary Committee. These peti-
tions should be turned in at the
student offices of the Union.
Petitions are necessary for- posi.
tions on the ballot, said Wheeler. Re-
quirements are satisfied by a 200
word statement of the candidate's
.qualifications and then signatures of
members of the senior law class. Peti-
tioners who are included on the ballot
will be announced in tomorrow's
4 The law class elections will be held
Friday between 10 and 12 a.m. and 1
and 5 p.m. The only polling place
will be in the mainlobby of Hutchins
Hall. The election will select a presi-
dent, vice-president, secretary and
The law school elections in the
past were conducted by the now de-
funct Men's Council. Since the or-
ganization of the judiciary commit-
tee, the former council's activities
have been divided between it and the
Union staff.
Student Senate
Lists Members

and flying the flags of the fore
belligerent states of which they
Three-Mile Limit
Experts defined "force majeure'
circumstances over which a s
marine had no control. These wo
include a storm of such violence
to require the submarine to t
refuge in quiet waters, serious da
age to machinery, or loss of fuel
provisions occasioned by some ca
outside the control of the submar
commander, such as bad weather.
The principle of force majeure a
would permit a submarine chased
an enemy warship to take refuge in
American port, but the vessel co
not remain more than 24 hours.
The President did not state wl
would be done with belligerent si


"trial and punishment" of any o
fenders. The commander could 1
tried under the Neutrality Act, ar
if convicted could be sentenced
five years in prison and a fine
Certain Exceptions Allowed
American territorial waters are st:
defined as three-miles from shor
hence any submarine forced into E
American port must rise to the su
face at the three-mile limit, and upx
leaving must remain on the surfac
until the three-mil% limit is reache
The proclamation enjoined '
American enforcement officials to u
"the utmost diligence" in preventir
violations of the Neutrality Act.
The Panama Canal Zone, cover
by proclamations' issued last mont
was exempted.
In banning the submarines, Pres
dent Roosevelt took a step contra
to the position maintained by Pres
dent Wilson before the United tat
entered the World War. Then, beli
gerent submarines were permitted
enter American ports and wate:
provided they left within 24 hours.
Four Testify
In Gib bs T1ria

Allies Await Embargo Repeal'
For Cash Order Of 5,750 Planes

will proceed down a central ramp in
Yost Field House to be viewed by
more than 2,600 persons, including
Attorney ,General Frank Murphy.
A representative from each partici-
pating group will be expected to at-
tend a meeting at 7:15 p.m. Mon-
day in the Field House to receive in-
structions in regard to organization
and marshalling of the parade, Don
Treadwell, chairman of the commit-
tee on student participation, an-
nounced last night. The dress re-
hearsal for the pageant will be held
at 7:15 p.m. Wednesday.
Mrs. Rabinowitz
To Falk On Books

(By Associated Press)
NEW YORK, Oct. 18.-The French
and British governments are ready toI
place additional orders for 5,750
American-made warplanes-cash on
the line-if and when Congress re-
peals the arms embargo.
A French mission now in Washing-
ton is authorized to contract for
2,750 planes, and a British mission,.
now in Canada, for 3,000 planes, in
United States factories.
With engine and accessories the
total cost would approximate $350,-
More than 1,300 warplanes were
contracted for with American plants
by the two countries prior to the
outbreak of the war. Less than half
had been delivered when the neutral-
ity act went into effect.
Several neutral countries, includ-

date warplanes by France and Great
Britain if the embargo is lifted was
a decision reached by a joint Army
and Navy board within the last week
that each export application would
be considered on its merits, regard-
less of the "age" of the type of air-
craft involved.
Heretofore, no type less than a year
old could be shipped. All exports, of
course, are still contingent on deliv-
eries of planes ordered by the Ameri-
can 'armed services.
The French are anxious to buy
three types of American planes-pur-
suits, observation ships and 2-en-
gined bombers. The British want
reconnaissance planes, single-engine
attack planes and two-engine medi-
um-weight bombers.
France has inquired exhaustively
into the possibility of buying addi-

Six Incumbents Planning
To Run Again Named
In view of the coming Student
Senate election, Nov. 3, in which 16
Senators will be elected, Martin
Dworkis, '40, acting president, yester-
day issued a list of the present 16
Senators who will hold office until
the Spring election.
The complete list of Senators is as
follows: Daniel Robertson, '40, Clar
ence Sahlin, '40, Carl Petersen, '40,
Jack Grady, '40, Paul Robertson, '40E,
James Frankel, '41, Harold Oster-
weil, '41, Robert Harrington, '40,
Elizabeth Shaw, '41, Raymond Dwyer,
'41, Cass Sojka, Abraham Goodman,
'41, William Webb, '40, Blaz Lucas,
'41, James Kehoe, '42, and Frederick
Reinheimer, '41L, whose status is at
present undetermined.
In addition to these, the following
Senators whose term of office will be
up after Nov. 3, have already stated
that they will run again: Dworkis,
Donald Cuinihan, Rober Kelley, '42,
Hugo Reichard, Grad, Raoul Weis-
man, Grad, and Charles Buck, '40.
Chicago Club Plans
Smoker On Oct. 27
The Chicago Club, composed of a
or.rn f chi1.ntcu+hnmalt- rn m +hy?

Rapp Promises 'Firework
As Case Continues
With twenty-two more witnesses
go, Prosecutor Albert J. Rapp intro
duced four witnesses today intl
"groundwork" part of the county ca
against Emmett M. Gibb, forn
county clerk charged with embezz
ment. This part of the case is t
most tedious, Rapp declared, as t
checks and records all have to
firmly established in the case a
though the "fireworks" will not con
for a few days yet.
In the sixth day of court sessi
the trial was still progressing slow
as checks and township records we
brought before the court as eviden
In the case of York township the
is a deficiency of some ten odd d
lars which Defense Attorney Jo
Conlin attempted to prove was 1
in faulty bookkeeping.
The new witnesses who entered I
cse tondav were Ramuel A . Morg


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