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October 05, 1939 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1939-10-05

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Cloudy, followed by showers
today; tomorrow partly cloudy.


40P Ap.


War Resources
Board: Finis . . .

VOL. L. No. 10




Embargo Act
Senate Is Told.
By Vandenberg
Sen. Connally Denounces
Embargo As 'Unneutral'
And Demands Repeal
Two Weeks Debate
Seen Before Vote
WASHINGTON, Oct. 4.-(P)-The
armsembargo was denouncedtoday
by Senator Connaly (Dem., Tex.) as
an unneutral help to Hitler and de-
fended by Senator Vandenberg (Rep.,
Mich.) as an "indispensable synbol"
ofnon-involvement in Europe's war.
Connally gave the packed Senate
galleries a taste of desk-pounding
oratory in support of the Administra-
tion's neutrality revision bill, which,
would repeal the ban on arms sales
to warring nations and require that
all exports to such countries be car-
ried in non-American ships.
Vandenberg Conrtuates Tean
Taking the floor after congratulat-
ing the Texan on his address, Van-
denberg closely followed his prepared
manuscript. The subject before, the
Senate was a "desperately vital" one,
he said, and he wanted to make no'
unpremeditated observations.
The momentous controversy also
drew Senator Lafollette (Prog., Wis.),
a supporter of many Administration
measures, before a radio microphone
tonight in opposition to the Presi-
dent's request for repeal of the em-
benatos Nye (Rep., Ind.) and Ov-
erton (Dem., La.), opponents of re-
peal, and Schwellenbach (Dem.,
Wash.), an advocate of repeal, were
scheduled to continue the discussion
on the Senate floor tomorrow.K Many
senators predicted it would take two
or three weeks, at least, to reach a
vote. Even if the Senate passes the
bill then, further House action will
be requixd4gAO ke it law.
Long Senate Debate
In the long 'Senate debate today,
Connally emphasized that the exist-
ing slaw, which imposes the arms em-
bargo, permits American ships to
carry all kinds of other goods to the
nations at war in Europe. Unless
Congress adopted the Administration
measure, he contended, this would
lead to the sinking of American ships
by German submarines and drag the
United States into the European con-
Vandenberg argued, however, that
safeguards against the destruction of
American vessels, and against other
developments that might tend to in-
volve this country in war, could be
adopted without repealing the ban
on arms sales.
Vandenberg rejected "the notion"
that America would be next in line
for attack if "collectivism" won the
current war.
Ticket Bureau
Exchange Handles Tickets
For Saturday's Game
Reopening Friday of the Union
football ticket exchange, which was
originated last year, was announced

by Harold Singer, '41, in charge of
the project.
The exchange will be open for the
Michigan State game from 3 to 5 p.m.
Friday, at which time tickets may be
turned in for exchange at the bus
desk in the Union. No tickets will be
sold at that time. Resale of tickets
turned in will open at 9 a.m. and con-
tinue until 1:30 p.m. Saturday.
Only purchased tickets held by
students or faculty members will be
accepted for sale, student tickets be-
ing non-transferable. Tickets regis-
tered for sale at the exchange may be
withdrawn if not sold. Money re-
ceived for tickets sold will be re-
turned between 3 and 5 p.m. next
week through the student offices in
the Union.
German U-Boat
Sinks Greek Vessel
DUBLIN, Oct. 4.-(AP)-The sink-
ing of the Greek steamer Diamantis

Student Opinion Equally Divided Student Senate
On 'Cash And Carry' Question To Hold Initial
o (p mta

We Fight Till Victorio

Embargo Or Not, Results
Of Poll Indicate 'Keep
Out Of War' Attitude
Opinion seems about equally divid-
ed among several students interviewed
as to whether the United States
should or should not repeal the arms
embargo and substitute a "cash and
carry" policy.
It is the unanimous judgment of
all, however, that the U.S. must keep
out of the overseas argument.
Against Cash-And-Carry
Hal Benham, '40, captain of the'
swimming team: "I believe if the
United States should adopt a 'cash
and carry' policy with other nations,
we would be closer to war. Inflated
currency, probable extension of credit
to belligerent nations, and a further
entanglement of our interests with
Europe's would be its results. Sena-
tor Vandenberg is right, 'We can't
be an arsenal for one side without
being a target for another'."
Barbara Bassett, '40, president of
the Panhellenic Association, has this
to say: "I would advocate a "cash
and carry' policy of the United States
toward belligerent nations, to prevent
the closing of plants in this country
that are manufacturing war mater-
ials. This would be a. means of cur-
tailing the spread of propaganda by
munitions makers who could sell their
goods without creating a 'war hys-
teria.' In this way, our citizens
would not be endangered on the high
seas because warring countries would
have to come to our shores to get
War Only. On Invasion..
Tor Harmon, '4I, Varsity football
star: "I don't think the United States
should enter the war under any cir-
cumstances unless some foreign pow-
er should invade our shores. The
embargo act as it stands aids Ger-
many. I think it should be repealed
on a, 'cash and carry' basis to aid
every country."
Marian Lendved, '42, member of
the Girls' Cooperative House: "The
United States should make an at-
tempt to maintain present import
quotas, except tobelligeient coun'-
tries. We should keep in mind one
end and that is to subdue a boom
as much as possible, remembering
also all after affects which might
Alumni Group
Holds Smoker
Michligan-MSC Graduates
To Gather Tomorrow
The traditional Michigan-Michigan
State smoker, sponsored annually by
the University of Michigan Club of
Detroit, will be held tomorrow noon
at the Detroit Leland Hotel. All De-
troit alumni of the two universities
have been invited.
This year's program will feature
talks by Herbert O. "Fritz" Crisler
and Charles Bachman, football
coaches at Michigan and Michigan
State respectively, with Robert O.
Morgan, assistant secretary of the
Alumni Association, as master of cere-
monies. The program will be broad-
cast from 12:45 to 1 p.m. over a
direct telephone hookup, to alumni
groups assembled at Kalamazoo and
The University of Michigan Club
of Detroit has arranged a special
train to take Michigan alumni to the
game Saturday.

result in chaos and the emergence
of fascism."
Stanley Lebergott, Grad., member
of Rochdale House: "This war will
not end fascism. :Fascism is not a
dragon, but the name for a dying
social order. And to think of de-
stroying that system you must do a
right about face, and think of con-
structing another and better system
in its stead. Blockades and bom-
bardments are hardly the way to set
up one which will respect the digni-
ties and needs of man. And I very
much doubt whether a second Ver-
sailles (with Chamberlain, Church-
hill and Daladier?) will accomplish
it either."
Mary Frances Reek, 40, president
of Assembly: "Under no circum-
stances should the United States en-
ter the war. Enough warning has
been given to citizens in belligerent
territories. They can't expect their
private interest to be protected by the
United States at a terrific cost of
the loss of millions of lives. I do not
approve of repealing the embargo,
because by doing this we would be
showing partiality to Great Britain
and France, and thus might be
drawn against our wishes into the
ASU Elects
AURobert Rosa.
New President
Stutz, Cummins, Pincus
Also Chosen At First
Robert Rosa, Grad., was unani-
mously elected president of the Amer-
ican Student Union at its first mem-
bership meeting held last night at
the Union.
Other officers chosen were: Harry
Stutz, Grad., vice-president; Mary
Cummins, '42, recording secretary;
Raoul Weisman, '40, treasurer and
membership director, Robert Kahn,
Grad., educational director, Robert
E. Pincus, '40E, publicity director ai
June Harris, '40 pubications director.
Rosa, who maintained an all-A
record, was awarded the Rhodes
Scholarship last fall.' He was a mem-
ber of the varsity debating team and
was speaker of the senate. He also
served on the Wolverine board of di-
rectors and on the ASU executive
committee. Rosa is a staff assistant
in the west tuadrangle of the new
dormitories and is working on his
Ph.D. in economics.
The meeting was opened with the
singing of the ASU national song,
"Academic Epidemic" followed by the
reading of poems from Kenneth
Learing's, "Dead Reckoning." A
prospectus of the coming months was
presented by Harry Stutz, who dis-
cussed the advantages of establishing
commissions on peace, education,
practical politics, publications and
campus problems.
Athenia Survivors

Meetng Today
Agenda Includes Election
Of Officers, Discussion
Of Neutrality Program
Duesenberry To Be
Featuring discussions on the im-
pending election and on the neutrali-
ty issue, the Student Senate will hold
its first meeting of the year at 7:30 1
p.m. today in the Union.
The date of the meeting was er-
roneously reported in yesterday's
Plans to introduce motions on a
domestic educational program were
also announced by Martin Dworkis,
'40. Sponsored by Mrs. Samuel T.
Dana, wife of the Dean of Forestry
School, the program entitled "Educa-
tion for Living" has as its aim the in-
struction of young people in the prin-
ciples of homemakig A committee
of faculty members and Ann Arbor
women has selected the courses of-
fered by the various schools of the
University which would be of prac-
tical benefit to successful domestic
Last year eight, faculty men re-
ceived honorary membership in the
Senate. These ,men, who will be at
today's meeting, are: Prof. Charles
A. Davis of the geography depart-
ment; Prof. Karl Ltzenberg, of the
English department; Prof. Lewis G.
Vande~elde, of the history depart-
ment; Prof. James K. Pollock, of the
political science department; Prof.
Harold J. McFarlan, of the engineer-
ing college; Dr. Edward W. Blake-
man, counselor in religious educa-
tion; Prof. Richard Fuller, of the so-
ciology department; and Prof. I. L.
Sharfman of the economics depart-
The presiding speaker this year,
James- D'uesenlerr-y, Grad., was ap-
pointed at the last meeting of last
year. In addition to the regular
members of the Senate, six outgoing
;eniors appointed men to fill out their
terms, and these new members are al-
so expected to be at the meeting.
Men Students
In DOrms Eat
Opening Meal
President And Officials
Partake Of. Same Food
In Informal Program
Men students living in the new
west quadrangle of dormitories ate
their first meal in the dormitory din-
ing rooms last right, with President
'Ruthven and a half dozen other Uni-
versity officials as honored guests.
No formal program was given, but
the guests sat at special tables. They
were served the same food as the
boys, baked ham and ice cream and
the other trimmings.
The dormitories' living quarters
were opened with the beginning of
Orientation Week, Sept. 25, but the
dining room and kitchens, located in
the Michigan House, were not com-
pleted until two weeks later.
Some 940 boys, ,members of eight
housesin the west quadrangle, are
served in four large dining halls.
Waiters and other employees are stu-
dent residents of the houses.
Among the faculty members pres-

ent for the opening meal were Presi-
dent Ruthven, Vice-President Shirley
Smith, Dean Alice Lloyd, Dean Joseph
Bursley, Prof. Karl Litzenberg, direc-
tor of dormitories, and others.
Dickinson Demands
'Changes' At Prison
LANSING, Oct. 4.-(P)-Opinion
varied today as to whether the re-
cent prison break at the Marquette
branch prison would cost Warden
Marvin L. Coon his job, but Governor
Dickinson made it clear he wanted
"drastic changes" made at the insti-
The Corrections Commission is to
meet tomorrow at the prison, from




Hitler Calls Up Reiehst

. .,

Russia Ratifies
Estonian Pact
For Mutual Aid
TALLINN, Estonia, Oct. 4.-()-
The Russian-Estonian mutual assist-
ance pact was ratified at 11 p.m. (4
p.m., EST) here tonight by an ex-
change of letters just one hour before
the midnight deadline for ratifica-
tion set last Friday when the agree-
ment was signed in Moscow.
(Reports received in Riga said the
ratification, which had been expected
Tuesday, was delayed by a dispute
over the number of troops Russia
would station at the Estonian bases
provided for her. It was said Russ A
had asked that 25,000 troops be al-1
lowed in Estonia.)'
The mutual assistance pact and an
accompanying trade agreement give
Russia the right to establish naval
and air bases on the North Baltic
Estonian islands of Dagoe and Ooe-1
sel and at the mainland port of Bal-
tiski, and to trade outlets through
Russia was reliably reported to
have .concluded an agreement with
Latvia giving her air and naval bases
in the Baltic, complementing a simi-
lar pact made with Estonia last
French Screen
Succes's Opens
The back-stage, human side of the
Paris Opera Ballet is the theme of the
French screen success, "Ballerina,"
which opens a three-day engagement
today at the Lydia Mendelssohn The-
Sponsored by the Art Cinema
League, the film will be shown at 8:15
p.m. today, tomorrow and Saturday,
with matinees at 3:15 p.m. today and
tomorrow. Tickets are on sale at
the Lydia Mendelssohn box-office.
Stars of the film are two of
France's finest ballerinas, Mia Slav-
enska of the Ballet Russe de Monte
Carlo and Yvette Chauvire of the
Paris Opera Ballet. Sharing the
dancing and dramatic honors is 12-
year-old Janine Charrat, in real life
the daughter of a Paris fire chief.
In addition to its series of motion-
picture triumphs of the past, which
begins Oct. 15, the Art Cinema League
will sponsor showing of two .other
films here during October. These
are: "Alexander Nevsky," heralded
Russian film, to be presented Oct.
12, 13 and 14; and "To The Victors,"r
an English film based on the famous
war novel, "Bob, Son of Battle," to be
shown Oct. 27 and 28.

Franco-British Solidarity Seen On Pea
Offers By Germany And Russia;
Italy Out As Negotiator
(Unless otherwise stated all foreign dispatches are subject to censorship).

Reichstag To Hear
New German Policy
BERLIN, Oct. 4.-(IP)-Adolf Hitler
tonight summoned his Reichstag for
a meeting Priday noon to hear a new
German declaration of policy in the
European war.
Speculation centered on the pos-
sibility whether Hitler in one of his
stirring addresses would disclose any
new chance to end the conflict.
The German point of view re-
mained that the action in Poland is
ended and that action in the West has
never started.
Indications late tonight were that
Hitler would decide not.to go to War-
saw tomorrow for a triumphant pa-
rade of German troops into the Polish

Daladier Rejects
'Peace' Proposal
PARIS, Oct. 4.-France will fi
on until victorious in the "war t
has been imposed on us," Pren
Daladier declared today in a reply
peace overtures from Germany a
"France does not wish to live lc
ger in the state of insecurity of tli
last years," the Premier told
Foreign Affairs Committee of
Chamber of Deputies in a three-b

Speaks To Whole World
The need for giving the closest at-
tention to the latest international de-
velopments which might have a bear-
ing on his Reichstag declaration was
said to be the impelling reason for a
decision to stay in Berlin.
While Hitler will talk to the Reich-
stag, his remarks will be intended for
the whole world. In official circles.
it was emphasized that guessing what
he may say was "hazardous and a
disservice to everyone.."
Neutral observers, however, looked
for no great departure from the fre-
quently asserted German statement
that "Germany is ready either for
peace or war" and that responsibility
for the decision is up to Great Britain.
It's Up To Britain
Political circles said they did not
expect Hitler to repeat the peace pro-
posals made in the German-Soviet
Russian statement from Moscow last
week, as they were considered suf-
ficiently clear, but they did believe
the Fuehrer would assert again that
Britain could have peace or war as
she desires, that Germany would pre-
fer peace, but it is ready to continue
the war.
Hitler also was expected to reassert
that the new order in the East, forged
by the German and Russian armies in
Poland, would not be altered.
It was said that after his Reichstag
speech Hitler would await foreign re-
action and then consult anew with
Russia and Italy.
Official Refusal
Made By Italy

Thus the French Governn
aligned with the stand taken
tish leaders concerning peac
from ..the opposing camp.
said his government wou
loyally with Britain against
man-dictated peace.
'Durable Peace' Wan
Daladier declared that Fra
fuses to bow to violence and
plished facts. She' wishes no
between two aggressions bt
able peace guaranteeing a
her national security within
of security for all nations."
German talk of peace, the
told the committee, was a "t
signed for internal propaga
poses in the Reich.

Government remained in entire ac-
cord with Britain's Prime Minister
Chamberlain, who yesterday made a
declaration against a dictated peace.
Answering questions in the long
session, Daladier paid particular cred-
it to Premier Mussolini for the Itali-
an's "efforts up to the last minute"
to prevent the outbreak of war.
'Hitler Provoked War'
He said France and Great Britain
had tried in every way to solve their
differences with Germany short of
war, adding that Hitler "provoked
the war and must shoulder the entire
The Cabir et after a session this
morning announced a decision to
tighten blockade measures to keep
credits as well as foodstuffs away
from Germany, showing the impor-
tance the French are placing on eco-
nomic weapons in this conflict.
Meanwhile, on the fortified fron-
tier of Germany and France, the
autumnal rains made aerial combat
impossible. There were intermittent
artillery exchanges in the Zweibruec-
ken region, and semi-official sources
said the French guns dominated that
city along with the other German in-
dustrial towns of Bergzabern, Pirma-
sens, Saarbruecken, Saarlouis and


In Town.!

Joan Outhwaite, '41, survivor of the
Athenia disaster, arrived back in Ann
Arbor yesterday and will register to-
Barbara Bradfield, Grad., anotherj
to come safely through the now
famous torpedoing, has also returned
to Ann Arbor, although only for a
visit. The girls got passage back to
this country on the SS Orizaba.

Industrialists Pledge
In Price-Raising


ROME, Oct. 4. -()-- Italy an-
nounced officially today that she
would refrain for the present -from
taking the initiative in any effort to
restore peace to Europe.
A communique of the official Ste-
fani News Agency declared British
newspaper reports that Premier Mus-
solini was studying plans for a peace
conference were without foundation.
"Under present circumstances Italy
will not take any initiative of this
sort," the communique said.
The statement confirmed the opin-
ion previously held by informed Fas-
cist circles that Italy would not link
herself with any peace proposals un-
less convinced they had a reasonable
chance of success.

'N A
T ep SBed and To Ccago l

WASHINGTON, Oct. 4. -(P)-
Fifty-three of the biggest men in
American industry and finance en-
listed today in the Administration's
campaign against "unwarranted price
They are the members of the com-
merce department's business advisory

Britain Keeps Eye
On Diplmatic Game

Michigan spirit in the old tradition
will be revived at Hill Auditorium
Oct. 17, when Varsity Night, annuat
evening of music, variety and sing-!
ing, is presented by the University
Band, accompanied this year by a
good deal of local talent.
The entire program is to be broad-
cast from the stage, although no
station has yet offered its wave;
length for transmission of the show.a
The audience is warned to be in
their seats by 7:55 p.m., for the pro-
gram will begin at 8 p.m. and undue
noise may ruin the broadcast.
As in the past the proceeds will
be used to transport the Band to
one of the football games. The slo-
gan for this year's Varsity Night is
"Help Send the Band to Chicago."
As a special feature of the show,

even Chown, knows in what fields
the talent will be concentrated, but
the audience may be certain that
there will be plenty of novelty.
A portion of the variety time will
be taken up by a quiz show, to be
directed by Prof. John Brumm of
the journalism school. The quiz will
be divided into two sections: one of
general knowledge questions, and one
a'of musical knowledge questions.
It almost goes without saying that
there will be ample reward for both
the winners in the quiz program and
in the local talent show. Various
Ann Arbor business men have con-
tributed such things as books and
phonograph records, and the Union
and the League are offering ten dance
One of the highlights of the pro-

Rushing Is Found Big Muddle'
For Rushees By Daily Reporter

Editor's note: Fraternity rushing has
brought some of its myriad problems
to The Daily this year. Interviews with
rushees-held in an attempt to present
a "new angle" to readers-resulted in
nothing but the usual statements.
These ranged from shouts that rush-
ing "is keen fun" to growled retorts of
"bah-one big muddle!" A Daily re-
porter was smuggled into a fraternity
house and given the usual freshman
treatment last night. For obvious ree-'
sons,the reporter's true identity has
been concealed.
My books were snatched from me
when I entered the portals of the

As soon as I had nicely begun what
promised to be an interesting conver-
sation with one boy, another inter-
rupted the entire proceeding with a
polite "I'm sorry, but I don't seem to
recall your name." My first com-
panion whisked away at this oppor-
tunity, probably certain that I was
"just their man" or that I "wouldn't
fit in at all," an opinion based on
fully three minutes of conversation.
My new 'rusher seemed to be at
a loss for conversation by the time
he had inquired as to my home-town,

LONDON, Oct. 4. -(M)- Britain
watched with a wary eye tonight
the diplomatic maneuvering in Euro-
pean capitals which she believes may
foreshadow a "call off the war mce"
by Adolf Hitler.
For the second successive day the
possibility that Germany, through
some neutral power, may in some way
suggest a peace settlement occupied
a big share of Parliament's atten-
Lord Snell, leader of the Labor op-
position, told the House of Lords that
he hoped that "the Government
would never refuse to listen to a real,
proposal for peace" and that it
should show that "in addition to be-
ing a nation of shopkeepers, we -are
also a nation of pathfinders of a
way to a durable peace."
Peace Must Be Real
A similar suggestion was made in
Commons yesterday by former Prime
Minister David Lloyd George.
Snell emphasized that Britain was
bound "to see to it that when peace

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