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February 25, 1940 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1940-02-25

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Bly MVorty-Q.




Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or not otherwise credited in this newspaper. All
rights of republication of all other matters herein also
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mail matter.
Subscriptions during regular school year by carrier.
$4.00; by mail, $4.50.
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publishers Representative
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1939-40

Editorial Staff

Carl Petersen ...
Elliott Maranis . .
Stan M. Swinton
Morton L. Linder .
Norman A. Schorr .
Dennis Flanagan "
John N. Canavan .
Ann Vicary . .
Mel Flneberg . .
Business Staff
Business Manager
Asst. Business Mgr., Credit Manager
Women's Business Manager .
Women's Advertising Manager.
Publications Manager


Managing Editor
Editorial Director
. City Editor
Associate Editor
Associate Editor
Associate Editor
Associate Editor
Women's Editor
Sports Editor

* Paul R. Park
Ganson P. Taggart
Zenovia Skoratko
Jane Mowers
H arriet S. Levy

The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
Cleaners And
Students' Interests . .
O NE OF THE DAILY'S primary re-
sponsibilities is to protect, wherever
it can, the interests of the student body of the
Whenever the interests of students have been
at stake in the past, it has been our concern to
see that they are not trespassed upon. We have
tried to be vigilant in this regard. We have en-
couraged the building of dorms for adequate
housing; we have given our support to student
enterprises of all description; we have urged
measures that safeguard student health-the
list is endless.
Today a situation has arisen in which the in-
terests of the students are vitally concerned, a
situation directly affecting the student pocket-
For again, as so often in the recent history of
Ann Arbor, a price-war has broken out among
the city's cleaning establishments. A newcomer
has entered the field, has quoted prices on clean-
ing that are substantially below the established
rate. Immediately the established firms have
cut their prices below his, and the cycle which
we have seen so often in the past has begun.
The pattern is a familiar-one. A new firm enters
into competition with the old firms and quotes
a low price. The old firms immediately cut
prices, and keep cutting them until the new
firm, unable to operate under such conditions,
is forced out of business. Then the old firms
boost their prices up to or above what they were
originally in order to recoup their losses, and it
is the consumer who is hurt in the long run.
We do not assume that the manager of the
new organization is in business for any other
reason than to make money; we cannot guar-
antee that the low prices he quotes will be
maintained should he be successful now; we do
not know that his organization is not inspired
and backed by some powerful cleaning concern
anxious to break into the local monopolistic
fields. But we are certain of one all-important
fact. The manager of this new concern is
quoting a low price that will benefit the student
trade and he evidently feels this price is suf-
ficiently high to guarantee him a satisfactory
If anything is to come of this latest attempt to
lower cleaning prices to Ann Arbor, those who
are interested in securing such prices, the stu-
dents, must consistently support the entre-
preneur who is trying to bring about the per-
manently lower prices, regardless of the short-
run attractions of the rock-bottom prices ad-
vertised by the established firms.
Realizing that this subject is of a controversial
nature, the Daily will welcome expressions of
opinion from the organizations concerned and
from members of the student body and faculty.
--Carl Petersen
Bull Sessions
Incorporated ..
remark that a goodly portion of the
best effects of college life accrue from the stu-
dent's participation in "bull-sessions". In the
process of expressing your opinions and arguing
them, you are thinking pretty much "on your
It is for this purpose that the Winter and

WASHINGTON-Those who sit down with
Franklin Roosevelt on Sunday afternoons or at
other times when he is really in a relaxing mood,
have seen a distinct change in him recently re-
garding a third term.
Around Christmas time, and even through
most of January it was their distinct impression
that the President was anxious, even determined
to retire from the White House when his term
expires in January, 1941.
To one of his cabinet members, Roosevelt in
effect remarked:
"This job is getting to be just the same thing
over and over again. I send up a message to
Congress. I prepare a new budget. Just the
same old routine. I'm bored and I want to get
To another close friend who is mayor of an
important city, the President said:
"I feel like.a baseball pitcher who's been in
the box for eight innings. I'm tired and I need
a rest."
To several other friends and visitors, Roosevelt
spoke at some length about the need of building
up new leaders within the Democratic Party.
With several he definitely discussed the advis-
abiliy of nominating Cordell Hull. To one friend
who urged the President to run again, he re-
marked: "There are plenty of men in the coun-
try who can take my place."
All this, however, was prior to about the mid-
dle of January or the first of February. Since
then there has been a change.
The change is a little hard to put your finger
on. Actually, the President isn't saying a word
to the effect that he is a candidate, even to his
close advisers. But, on the other hand, he is no
longer saying that he is tired and wants to get
out. He just isn't saying anything.
But he is doing a lot of things. And this is
what convinces some of the best friends Roose-
velt has, that he has now decided to run for
a third term.
For behind the scenes, the President has been
familiar with, if he has not actually directed,
every move made to put delegates in state pri-
maries favorable to his candidacy. He put his
hand abruptly into the Louisiana situation, was
delighted with the opportunity to line up dele-
gates in New Hampshire, gave his blessing to
the plan by which Ambassador Joe Kennedy
would corral delegates in Massachusetts-later
to be turned over to him. (Strategy which was
formation is needed, the adult experts provide it.
IT IS IN THE CHOICE of these adult resource
leaders that the Wesleyan Guild's parley is
most fortunate. Leading the discussion on "Ra-
cial Discrimination" will be Dr. J. J. McClendon,
Detroit chairman of the Michigan branch of
the National Association for the Advancement
of Colored People, and Prof. Earl S. Woldaver of
the business administration school. Mr. Alex
Barbour, educational director for the Chrysler
local number seven of the UAW-CIO, and Mr.
Leonard Woodcock, Detroit labor economist, will
help guide the "Labor" group. Members of the
University faculty will lead the discussions
on "Peace" and "After College What?"
With this purpose and these leaders, it seems
that the Wesleyan Guild forums should find a
place alongside the Spring and Winter Parleys.
- Hervie Haufler
The NLRB Gets
A Helper . . .
York, who fathered the National
Labor Relations Act, is the author of a new
piece of proposed legislation designed to better
the labor conditions of the country. And the
veteran senator is to be praised, for the pro-
posal continues his fight for just provision for
al ithe people by the establishment of a media-
tion board which will supplement the NLRB.
Contrary to the belief held in some quarters
that the NLRB deals with all sorts of labor dis-
putes, it must be remembered that that board
was devised solely to insure the collective bar-
gaining rights of Labor. And by means of elec-
tions held at a multitude of factories and other
business establishments throughout the country,
much of Labor has signified who it wished to
have as its bargaining agent. Such a Board was
and is of prime necessity, but, unfortunately,

no provision was made in the creating act for
positive help in settling the-many disputes aris-
ing between employer and employees on the
questions of wages, hours and working con-
ditions. The newly proposed legislation is in-
tended by Senator Wagner to erase this diffi-
THE BILL PROVIDES for a national mediation
board composed of three members who would
be available to settle disputes arising from ques-
tions of wages, hours, and working conditions.
The board would take over the functions of the
understaffed, rather impotent Conciliation Ser-
vice of the Labor Department and would handle
major strikes and disputes. Its principle func-
tion would consist in bringing the two disputants
together and formulating final agreements in
double quick time.
Need for such a board is readily apparent since
we can easily see the suffering of workers and
the losses to capital caused by long strikes. The
old Conciliation Service can do little, since it
has never had the necessary prestige or the
confidence of capital and labor. The new board,
as provided for in the Senator's bill, would be
placed on a firmer legal basis, its authority
would be well-defined and the more adequate
appropriations asked for by Wagner would cre-

spiked when Jim Farley got the jump on Ken-
nedy and filed in Massachusetts first.)
Big Boosses Boost . .14 Bit
One factor which unquestionably had a lot
to do with the change in Roosevelt is the'report
which State Democratic bosses have beenbring-
ing him.
New Deal idealism is the complete antithesis
of all that Boss Ed Kelley of Chicago and Boss
Hague of New Jersey stand for. Yet they, and
dozens of others who control local machines,
are determined that Roosevelt shall run-and
for only one reason: they are out to win.
The average State boss makes politics a busi-
ness. To stay in business, he has tQ' keep his
men in office. He has to win. Usually he doesn't
care a snap of his fingers about liberalism or
conservatism or any other ism connected with
his party's national ticket, except only that it
be able to draw votes. For sometimes it takes
a bang-up presidential candidate on the national
ticket to put across the local ticket.
And what Mayor Hague and Mayor Kelley
are figuring on is that they can win locally if
Roosevelt is on their ticket nationally.
So if the big bosses whose income taxes have
been probed by Roosevelt's Internal Revenue
and whose gambling friends have been hounded
by Roosevelt's Justice Department-if after all
this punishment, they still want Roosevelt, then
it must be because he is the man who can win
for the Democratic Party.
No Roosevelt Announcement 14 Bit
You can write it down in the book that Roose-
velt will make no announcement regarding a
third term, probably not even five minutes before
the Democratic National Convention opens on
July 15.
He will remain in Hyde Park and get the
reaction of the convention over the telephone.
And probably only after the question of his can-
didacy has gone to the Floor of the Convention
will he indicate his willingness or unwillingness
to run for a third term. And those closest to him
these days are betting their money that his an-
swer will be "Yes."

I'd Rather-

tour of the European war is a rather com-
plicated way of staying out of it. It is-like seeing
how near you can put your finger to fresh paint
without touching. One always gets smeared in
those experiments. I don't know the purpose of
the trip, but I doubt whether Mr. Welles is goig
abroad in order to tell Europe that we feel like
staying home.
There is a lunatic rhythm in the devil's waltz
we have been dancing with Europe. It begins
with a stern refusal in time of peace to have
anything to do with the old world. We are unin-
terested. Our motto is hands off.
The moment war starts, and it becomes in-
finitely less safe to have to do with Europe, we
are there, starry-eyed and sentimental, our
handsome, naive countenances reflecting our
high vitamin content and our lack of realism.
Thus during the war-time we send two mil-
lions of the best American boys to France, but
during peace we woudln't take the risk of send-
ing one middle-aged diplomat to Geneva. Too
dangerou s. We might lose him.
WE WON'T HELP EUROPE, in time of peace,
to prevent a war. But when war starts, we
jump right in, speaking of our great mission,
to halt the struggle and to shape the peace. We
become interested in fire insuraunce after the
fire breaks out. Thiseis not bright. For by now
it is too late for a peace in Europe. The only
contribution we can make is to start counting
off our 21-year-olds, in squads of eight.
We must sit and listen for the postman's
knock, as he brings messages from Mr. Welles.
I hope those messages will not resemble the re-
ports of another special Presidential representa-
tive, Colonel House, who made several grand
tours of the First World War on behalf of Wood-
row Wilson.
COLONEL HOUSE had a conference with Sir
Edward Grey, British Foreign Secretary, in
London, fourteen months before we entered the
war. Sir Edward reported on that conference
in the following terms (the famous House-Grey
Memorandum) the phrasing of which was agreed
to by Mr. House:
"Colonel House expressed the opinion that, if
was ready, on hearing from France and England
that the moment was opportune, to propose
that a conference should be summoned to put
an end to the war. Should the Allies accept this
proposal, and should Germany refuse it, the
United States would probably enter the war
against Germany.
"olonel House expressed the opinion that, if
such a conference met, it would secure peace
on terms not unfavorable to the Allies; and, if
it failed to secure peace, the United States would
leave the conference as a belligerent on the side
of the Allies, if Germany was unreasonable."
JT IS PROBABLY tactless to bring this up while
Mr. Welles is packing for his trip. How-
ever, when the question is war or peace, tact it-
self becomes a kind of offensive quality. This
trip is going to agitate the American people, and
the more suspicious and jumpy they are about

THE PERIOD from 1930 to 1940
was a vital episode in the history
of the comparatively youthful United
States. Various names have been ap-
plied to these ten years: The Fab-
ulous Thirties, The Threadbare
Thirties, The Dizzy Years, etc. What
it actually was was the recurrence
of national growing pains; progress
pains. It was the writhing of a na-
tion built insecurely, attempting to
cast off imposed yokes and find it-
self, reestablish itself on firmer,
surer grounds.
These ten years are vitally im-
portant for the future of the United
States, for they brought out strongly
the many weaknesses of our societal
structure and pointed the direction
that rebuilding must take: toward
a more equal, humane and righteous
society, with no discriminations and
no intolerances. And, with the turn
of a new period, it becomes more
and more apparent that the United
States is the last hope in a crum-
bling world; it is the last fortress of
freedom and equality. And this, of
course, means that the lessons of
the Thirties must be heeded, and
the shortcomings must be corrected,
and we must go on, not rebuilding,
for to build again on the debris is
to invite future "Threadbare Thir-
ties"; but we must clear the debris
and put in a solid foundation, upon
which we can erect a better America.
* * *
IN THIS WEEK'S Life Magazine
was published a picture album of
this eventful period, and Mr. Q
thinks it would be interesting to note
a few of the personages in the spot-
light and see how many of them you
can identify:
1. A Commissioner, whose com-
mittee tried to bring about an en-
forcement of the hollow and useless
Prohibition Amendment.
2. The Technocrat, who attempted
to solve society's ills by stopping the
spread of machine invention.
3. A Gangster, whose gambling
and liquor-running career. in New
York is unsurpassed in criminal an-
4. A Secretary of War under Hoo-
5. A Congressman, whose riotous
carryings-on made staid Washington
blink and blush.
6. The Go-Between in the Lind-
bergh kidnapping case.
7. The G-Man, whose campaigns
against crime first put the FBI in
the public's eye.
8. The Heiress who sued her moth-
er for millions because she was not
allowed to bearbchildren.
9. The Woman Athlete, who won
every possible title for women and
then beat some of the men.
10. The Stratonaut, whose balloon
excursions put him on the front
pages of every newspaper.
11. The Wife of an army officer
who was mysteriously murdered in
an island in the Pacific.
12. The Man who tried to assassin-
ate President Roosevelt in Florida.
13. The Head of the Chase Nation-
al Bank, involved in a scandal.
14. The Woman who led the fight
to keep people from drinking.
15. The Second Lady of the land,
who for so long dominated Washing-
ton society.
16. The Vice-President under Hoo-
17. The Promising young heavy-
weight fighter whose career was cut
short by a motorcycle accident.
18. The Utilities Magnate, whose
unscrupulous connivings with other
people's money were uncovered.
19. The Head of the New York
Stock Exchange whose shady deal-
ings recently landed him in prison.
20. Three Men, an aviator, a
comedian-philosopher and a great
football coach, all killed in airplane

ELL, how did you do? You should
have been able to name at least
15 out of the 20. In case you are
interested in those you couldn't re-
member, here are the answers:
1. George Wickersham
2. Howard Scott
3. Legs Diamond
4. Will Woodin
5. Marion Zioncheck
6. Jafsie Condon
7. Melvin Purvis
8. Ann Cooper Hewitt
9. Babe Didrickson
10. Auguste Picard
11. Thalia Massie
12. Guiseppe Zangara
13. Albert Wiggin
14. Mabel Willebrandt
15. Dolly Curtis Gann
16. Charles Curtis
17. Young Stribling
18. Samuel Insull
19. Richard Whitney
20. Wylie Post,
Will Rogers
Knute Rockne
The familiar "School Boy Patrols"
and similar methods of safety educa-
t~in n ta ,iinnc ihir ehnl

(Continued from Page 3)
the Gospel Records Historically
Today's Events
Varsity Glee Club will broadcast
over WJR today from 12:30 to 1:00
p.m. All members of the glee club
meet in Morris Hall at 11:15. Regular
Rehearsal at 4:30.
Scalp and Blade will nold a rushing1
smoker for all members and rushees1
today at 5:00 p.m. in the Union.
Eta Kappa Nu meeting of all men
interested in the proposed spring in-
spection trip at the Michigan Union
today at 5:00 p.m. All student in-
terested in making the trip must at-
tend this meeting.
Graduate Outing Club will meet
today at 2:30 p.m. in rear of Rack-
hamh Building. Program: hike
around Ann Arbor or skating at the
Coliseum. Supper at the club rooms.
All graduate students and faculty in-
Executive Committee of American
Student Union meeting in Union to-
day at 11:00 a.m.
International Center: Dr. Albert J.
Logan will speak on "Argentina" to-
night at the Center. A technicolor
film on Argentina will also be shown.
Sunday Evening Social, at the New
Michigan Wolverine, 209 S. State
Street. Music. Refrshements. Every-
one welcome.
The annual Hillel Oratory contest
will be held at the Foundation at 3:00
p.m. today. The public is invited.
Coming Events
German Table for Faculty Mem-
bers: The regular luncheon meeting
will be held Monday at 12:10 p.m. in
the Founders' Room of the Michigan
Union. All faculty members inter-
ested in speaking German are cordial-
ly invited. There will be a brief in-
formal talk by Professor Georg Stein-
dorff, Egyptologist, formerly of the
University of Leipzig.
Physics Colloquium: Dr. John Kraus
will speak on "Some Recent Develop-
ments in Antenna Systems" on Mon-
day, Feb. 26, at 4:15 p.m. in room
1041 E. Physics Bldg.
Romance Language Journal Club
meeting on Tuesday, Feb. 27, at 4:15,
in Room 408 RL. Papers by: Alfredo
T. Morales, Grad: "A review of A
Brief History of Philippine Literature
(T. del Castillo).",
James C. O'Neill: "Albert Thibau-
det, A Bergsonian theory of art."
Graduate students in Romance
languages are invited.
Biological Chemistry Seminar will
meet in Room 319 West Medical
Building, at 7:30 p.m., Tuesday, Feb.
27. Subject: "Some Phases of the
Metabolism of Iron and Copper."
Seminar in Bacteriology will meet
in Room 1564 East Medical Building
Monday, February 26, at 8:00 p.m.
Subject: "Penetration of the Antiser-
um into Lesions." All interested are
Junior Mathematics Club will meet
Monday, Feb. 26, at 7:30 p.m., in 3201
A.H. Movies and slides will be shown
with a discussion of the Isograph of
the Bell Telephone Laboratories, by
Ted Hildebrandt.
Botanical Journal Club will meet
on Tuesday, Feb. 27, at 7:30 p.m. in
Room N.S. 1139. Reports by: Harriet
Smith, "Interspecific hybridization
and selection in Tragopogon."
Betty Robertson, "Expansion of
taxonomy with respect to the sperm-

Donald O'Brien, "Chromosomal
chimeras in plants."
Erich Steiner, "Physiology of popu-
Engineering Mechanics Colloqui-
um: Mr. William H. Harvey will talk
on "Calculations of Slopes and De-
flections of Beams with Transverse
and Axial Loads Utilizing the Method
of Superposition," in Room 314 West
Engineering Annex on Tuesday, Feb.
27, at 4:00 p.m. Refreshments will
precede the meeting.
Tau Beta Pi. Dinner meeting Tues-
day, Feb. 27, 6:00 p.m., Michigan
Union. Prof. R. A. Sawyer will talk
on "Industrial Spectrographic An-
alysis." Please be on time.
Society of Automotive Engineers
meeting will be held on Tuesday,
February 27 at 7:30 p.m. in the Michi-
gan Union. Mr. N. L. Blume of the
Oldsmobile Engineering Executive
Office will give a slide presentation
of the new Oldsmobile automatic
Association Forum: Professor Dur-
fee, of the Law School, will lead a dis-
cussion of the lectures on "The Ex-
istenp ceand Nature o f eljyjn hy

Tuesday at 4:15 p.m. in the League.
JGP usher's meeting Tuesday at
5:00 p.m. at the League. Attendance
Assembly Ball Decorations Com-
mittee meeting on Monday, Feb. 26,
at 5:15 p.m.
The Bibliophile Section of the
Faculty Women's Club will meet at
the home of Mrs. F. R. Finch, 1619
South University, on Tuesday, Feb.
27, at 2:30 p.m.
The Bookshelf and Stage Section
of the Faculty Women's Club will
meet on Tuesday, February 27, at
2:45 p.m. at the home of Mrs. Ralph
H. Upson, 1116 Ferdon Road.
Michigan Dames: Art group will
meet Monday evening, Feb. 26, at 8
o'clock, at University High School.
Marshall Byrn is discussing furniture
and electrical equipment repairing.
Membership cards requested at each
meeting. Guests are welcome.
First Methodist Church. Morning
Worship service at 10:40 a.m. Dr. C.
W. Brashares will preach on "Chris-
tian Youth."
Stalker Hall. Student class at 9:45
a.m. at Stalker Hall led by Prof. Wes-
ley Maurer. Theme: "The Religious
Man in the Modern World."
Wesleyan Guild Meeting with sup-
per at 6 p.m. at the Methodist Church.
There will be four discussion groups
on 1) Peace, 2) Racial Discrimina-
tion, 3) Labor Problems, and 4) After
College, Then What?
Disciples Guild (Church of Christ):
10:45 a.m. Morning worship. Rev.
Fred Cowin, minister.
12:00 noon. Students Bible class.
6:30 pm. Guild Sunday Evening
Hour. Lester Sperberg will lead a
discussion on "Understanding Our-
selves." Social hour and refresh-
St. Andrew's Episcopal Church:
Sunday, 8:00 a.m. Holy Communion;
11:00 a.m. Morning Prayer and Ser-
mon by The Rt. Rev. Frank E.'Wil-
son, D.D., Bishop of Eau Claire, Wis.;
11:00 a.m. Junior Church; 11:00 a.m.
Kindergarten, Harris Hall; 7:00 p.m.
Student meeting, Harris Hall. Open
discussion on the topic, "What I
Think Jesus of Nazareth Stood For;"
8:00 p.m. Adult Confirmation Class,
Church Office Building.
First Congregational ChurchL 10:00
a.m. Symposium on Religious elefs
"Why I Am A Catholic," by Prof. W.
A. McLaughlin.
10:45 a.m. Public Worship. Dr. L.
A. Parr will preach from the theme,
"The Faith We Maintain," his sub-
ject being, "That God Is Still the In-
5:00 p.m. Student Study Group on
"The Christian Fundamentals," led
by the pastor.
6:00 p.m. Student Fellowship sup-
per, followed by an address by Prof.
Mentor L. Williams on "Adventures
in Reading." Election of officers.
The Student Evangelical Chapel
services for Sunday, Feb. 25, will be
conducted. by the Reverend Thomas
Van Eerden of Grand Rapids. Both
the morning worship at 10:30 and
the evening worship at 7:30 will be
held in the Michigan League Building.
First Presbyterian Church: 10:45
a.m. "Why Are We Here" will be the
subject of the sermon by Dr. W. P.
5:30 p.m. Westminster Student
Guild will meet for supper and fel-
lowship hour. At 7 o'clock they will

show the picture "The Healing of
M'Vonda," a two-reel motion picture
in color, taken in Africa by Dr. Robert
First Church of Christ, Scientist:
Sunday service at 10:30 a.m., subject
"Mind." Sunday School at 11:45 a.m.
Baptist Church: 9:30 Graduate
Bible Class, Prof. LeRoy Waterman,
10:45: Morning worship, sermon
topic, "Thy God-My God."
12:00. Student Round Table discus-
sion topic, "What is the Christian
Attitude Toward the State?"
6:15. Roger Williams' Guild in the
Guild House,, 503 E. Huron. Prof.
LeRoy Waterman will talk on "Why
a New Translation of the Bible?"
Unitarian Church: 11 am. "Well
Known Congressmen" sermon by Rev.
7:30 p.m. Round Table Discussion,
Mr. George Frank, Grad., will speak
on "A Student Looks at Religion."
Refreshments following.
Service at 10:30 a.m., subject "Mind."
Sunday School at 11:45 a.m.
Hillel Foundation: Reform services
will be held at the Foundation this
mornin at 11: 00a m .The ermw

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